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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1876-1881, December 07, 1876, Image 1

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VOL. Imm-NO. 9.J WINNSI3ORO, S. C., THURSDAY MORNI1NG~ EEBR~ 86
A WOMAN'S WHIM.
Santa Cruz, Califorria, is called the
Long BranciI of the Pacific. It is a
pretty place, with the quaint old
town of Monteroy lying ouf in the
distance. Ono lovely mnon ligait
night a party of people sat on. to
vorandah of one of the prinieip
hotels, discussing pllans for man
a pleasure trip the next day. Tliey
had coue to tho seaside in search of
health, they said, and found love as
well, for every lady, with a singlo
exception, had a gentleman by ner
side.
The lady who sat alone was the
haudsome:,t as well as the haugh
tiost of the group, and appoared to
be vexed.
"I will not consent to it," sho said,
in an irritated tone. "Just because
you know I dislike the man, you
all seem determined to force his
socioty upon me.
"But, Miss Winstanly," said Mr.
Radcliffe, "there is no other gentle
man who can be your cavalier."
"1 see that," she interrupted, with
a sneer, "but don't distress yourself
about me. There's no neces.ity for
.my going, so I shall rcumain at the
hotel."
"No, no," aroso from the lips of
eighteen people.
WVe won't go without you," said
Miss Stevens. "Do be aimiable for
this once. It's our last party, and
don't break it up."
"Grandfather" S mdorson next
took the word; he was called grand
father because, although but twenty
six years old, a few gcay hairs al
ready appeared in his raven locks.
"i can't see for the life of me," he
said "why you hould object so
strongly to George Blake. He is
frank. upright and open-handed."
to)ie Georg Blakenl wihe s
"Also smells of the sawdust," re
lhied Miss Winstanly with a most
provoking curl of the lip.
Exclanations of reprobation from
every one, for the gentlemian under
discussion was a universal favorite.
"Come now, Kate," said Emily
Lyttle, "that's uugenerous. I'vo un
.aristood that he was born a-in that
class of life and of course cannot be
blame,1, as he availed himself of the
first favorable opportuaity to leave
it. He merits respect and not con
tempt."
There was such a murmur of ap
probation at this little speech, that
even the proud and fastidious Kate
felt somewhat ashamed and hung her
head.
"The only amends you can mako
for being so hard on him is to con
sont to be his partner for the day."
"No ; no. Apart from : is form
er disgraceful life, I detost the man,
replied Kate.
"Then," said Sanderson, "you
must be punished for showing such
bad taisto. We'll have a show ot
hands. Attention, ladies and gen
tlemen. All those in favor of Miss
Winstanly being escorted by Mr.
Blake to morrow wvill please. raise
their hands."
Every soul did so with the excep.
tion of Kate herself, wh'lo rose in
stantly aud hurried awvay, blushing
ith confusion and anger.
"She's dead in love with him,'
isped little Nannie Peters.
"And so is he with her, and wvould
be at'her feet in a moment if she
didn't treat him so outrageously,'
remarked a young fellow who had nol
ytspoken.
Quoth Emily Lyttle : "Hie's as
good as she is, every bit, if he onec
did turn somersaults in a circus for a
living. Everybody knows that Mr.
WVinstanly made is money b~y" - A
lould buzz interruptedl her revela
tion.
Sanderson loqguitur: "One of the
ajt rules of our society, Mism
Lyttle, is 'no slander allowed.' Yor
are on the point of breaking it."
"I'm sure it's not slander, but th<
tr'uth," pouted Emily. "There are
plenty of girls as handsome as she im
that lie might have for the asking.'
Chorus of the ladies: "Plenty
plenty--shoals of them."
It was pretty Lelia David's turn tc
speak.
"[t seems to me that in a small,
nineteenth-centur'y sort of way, thim
is quite a Blened ict and B3eatrict
case. Two people affect to hate
each other, and yet are longing tc
rush into each other's arms, andi
*here are we all, friends of both par
ties, continually plotting 'andl plan
nling to throw them together. ]
wouldn't be surprised any time tc
hear him say : 'Against my will,
T'm gont to bid you come to sup
.per.'
JRadcliffe rejoined : "According
othe rules wich wve twventy mei
Sand women undertook h to observe
when we all met h'ere for mutual
amusement, she must ride with bin
to-morrow; b ut how are no to gel
him to believe she has consented
wvilling 1"
"That's easy enough," replied
Grandfather Sanderson. 'Tll batch
up something for the occasion ; bui
don't any any of the rest of you say
word for lhe's so sensitive that he hil:
suspects why she treats him so up
pishly, and the first word wouli
make him fly the track.".
"H-sh!' said every one. lIn th<
Adjoining parlor, Kate had truel
the first chords of a populabti .Mong
and as her rich voice rolled out 0r
the balmy n. the ox-athlete stro11m
up to merry party on the piazza, and
lke then listoned spell-bound to
thu tones ho love:1 so well.
The song ceased, and after a mo
meti's pause she began a duet, ox
pecting, no doubt, that Sam Williams,
who usually sang with Lor, would
take it up outside. Instead of
which ho nudged Blake, who iminmo
diately, as if irresistibly, began in a
round, rich voice, the like of which
the disdainful maid had never hoard
before, but supposed it was Sander
son, or one of the rest. How ox
quisitely their voices blended ;
(anly hors was untrained, while his
had all the culture of an opera sing
or. Indeed, many of his homrers
wondered if ever lie had been a pro
fessional singer as well as athlote,
anld thought what a loss to the pub
lic was such a voice.
Evory one enjoyed the singing,
and was especially amused at the
thought that Kate was unconscious
ly pouring out her whole heart in
united melody with the man she
profosse I to dospise.
Did she ? Of all that group of
young men, California's finest, fresh
ost sons, Georgo Blake was beyond
cavil the Adonis. Although in reali
ty thirty-two years of age, his oxceed
ingly fair complexion and light
brown hair made him look years
younger. There was not a line on
the broad, white forehead, nor a
crow-foot around the limpid violet
eyes. "Where did such a low fellow
get such heavonly eyes *" Kate
asked herself the next morning, as
she drow on her riding glovos.
He was over six feet tall, and
might have been just a trifle he-avy
for the ring, but for every thing else !
is proportions were splendid. All
that the proud beauty and bello,
Miss Winstanly, urged against him
was true, except that lie was "low."
Nature made him a gentleman,
though of low birth and iron for
tune. Ten years prior to the open -
I ing of this story Blake had come
to California 'with a circus . troupe ;
Ie was Signor Francesco Soliterino,
the "strong muau" of the company.
Ho v'aulted with the rost, but his
spcialty was firing a cannon off his
ba a it, lifting a dozen men at once,
mid oither iimcnse weights. Ie
was of an old circus family, and
evier thought to lovo "the pro
fession," but having some money
when he reacied the Pacific slope,
he was seized wit~h the mania for
dabbling in stocks, and to his joy
and surprise, by one of those sid
den rises in stocks possible only to
California, lie made almost a fortune
with as much trouble as turning a
handspring would have given him.
This lucky stroke determined him
to retire from the sawdust, and lie
soon developed a business talent
waich, in a few years, made him a
prominent and influential man in
Frisco, while his character as a n'm,
anod his exceedingly polished man
nors, won him the respect of overy
body except the wayward beauty on
whomn Ie had set his hoart. It
romainied for her to drag up and
taunt him with the old trade, never
alluded to by anybody now, except
as a bit of personal history and
never to his discredit.
\Vhen, the morning after the con
versation on the balcony, the party
of twenty assembled, sunrise wvas
tinging the rod woods and the wild
flowoerg.
They were soon in the saddle.
As Kate glanced disdainfully at her
companion, her heart fairly ached as
she thought that he was too hand
some for a man, and if he had been
anything but a low circus creature,
even a respectable hod-carrier-but
she would die before she would
marry such a fellow.
And he thought, "She looks more
likce a goddess than a mucre woman.
I would lay my body down under
her feet, and let her crush my life
out, if she would but smile on me."
She had on previous occasions
snubbed him so terribly, that they
rode a long time in silence before lhe
ventured to - begin a conversation
with her ; but wvhen they reached
the crest of the hills overlooking
Santa Cruz, and lie glanced across thme
bay, and sawv the fleecy, sun-tinted
clouds hovering over the Monterey
range, an. exclamation of delight
escap~ed him, and he said with en
thusiasm:
"Look, look, Miss Winstanly I Is
not that a picture painted by God's
owvn hand ?"'
'-Oh, yes," she replied, in an un
gracious and contemptuous tone ;
4 but I never gush-it is not 'good
form.'"
The insolence of the spoiled beau
ty st~ung him to the very heaurt's
core, and pangs of despised love and
sudden anger caused him to forget
himself, and he retorted with re
strained passion:
"Miss Winstanly, be pleased to
remember that if I have by my
proence again placed it in your
power to insult me', it' Was at your
request."
They had trotted along until they
roaohod 'the beantlful streamn-in
other countries it would be calle&'a
river-whi. headq at thi CBg
Tres and flows downi th6 cangto
to th'e sea. Th6 precipice Wvas sheer
and steep. d I
"Insait you!b i ? de
insult $u t' inqired the provode
gfrl, her'anger r'isig at thf 'sghfo
"Bly prtisumingt di6N to tne
what 'good form' is. But for' 1y
former life, you would not daro do
it."
"Dare, indood !" she ochood, the
red blood dyoing her chooks.
"How daro you say I requested
your prcsenco?"
It was a lovers' quarrel and a hot
one In her excitement she
dragged so at the reins that her
horse roarod.
Blake instantly seized the bridle,
shouting and pulling the beast to
ward him : "Lot go I let go !"
In roaring, her horse had turned
so that she did not seo the danger
in which she stood. She was on the
canyon's precipito'us brink, and be
low ran the rivor. "Lot go, you,"
she answorod, cutting him across
the hands ; "how daro you touch
my lines ? You have lured mc to
leatvo the rest of the party behind
im order that you might get mo in
your power ; but I am not afraid of
you-tako that !" and in her fury i
sho struck him again. Between the
two the restive animal was half
maddened, for Blake was dragging
ihu forward and Kate backward, so
that lie was plunging and rearing.
Blake was white with fear. Ie did
not hoed or som to feel her blows,
only to see her danger, for, in spite
of his herculean strength, the horse!
was -backing, backing nearer and
nearer the precipice. Another mo
mnout and she would be thrown over
the yawning chasm. He spiang
from his ho.sc, seized both reins
with the left hand, and with the
right tore the stirrup from the
siaddle.
"Impertinent clown !" she shrilk
ed, but lie paid no heed to her
scraams ; her foot fece, he instantly
let go thereins, grasped her around
the waist, aid with almost super
human strength lifted her from the
maddened beast and flung her into
the road behind. He was not one:
momnenst too soon, for, as he did so,
the horse backed over the cliff and
disappeared.
When the rest of the party came
galloping up, alarmed by the
screams, they found the retired 1
athlete in a (lead faint on the edge
of the canyon, and Miss Winstaniy
in like plight lying some distanco
from him, bmt not within several
feet of the frightful precipice. Tue
young lady was soon restored and
proved to be unhurt ; not so Mr.
Blake. The horse had trampled on
his feet and hie pain had caused
him to lose conscioufsness. Being!
only a fow miles from Santait Cruz
aid was soon procured, and lie wasi
carried back to the hotel a very sick
and badly bruised man.
Now tWe willful and high tem
pered Miss Winstanly really loved
Ar. Blake, but her pride had kept
her from showing it or even owning
it to herself. When she roalized
the true cause of his grabbing the
lines had been to save her from cor
tain death, her heart was filled with
conflicting emotions-thankfulness
for her life, gratitude to him for
preserving it, and shame and re
morse at her unwomanly inso
lence and rage. She had actually
beaten him as he was trying to drag
her away from the chasm. In her
agony and penitence she openeid her
heart to Emily Lyttle, and confessed
th it she had loved Blake all along,
but now that lie had saved her
life her pasion overflowved all bar
rit rai and she wanted to tell him so.
Nearly all of tihe gay party loft
Santa Cruz a fortnigh tjafter Gecorge's
accident, but Radiclifte, his bosom
friend, and Miss Lyttle staid to keep
her betrothed company.
Blake's foot was crashed and it
would be a long time before ho
could be removed to San Francisco.
Kate resolved that she would not
leave until she had an opportunity
of asking George's forgiveness. At
last, reports were brought to her
that lie wvas improving, wvas able to
talk and at length to sit in an arm
chair, but lie never alluded to the
accident, nor mentioned Miss Win
stanly's name.
Day after day she plied Emily
with questions, and a florce despair
seized her wvhen she comprehended
that she had lost him-and through
her own pride. That was all swept
away by her now-born love and
humility. She wVas so rabject in her
remorse and sorrow, that to obtain
a smile from tile despised "clown," as
sho had called himt, Raho wouldl glad
ly have turnled circus rider herself.
On~o day she crept to his door.
It was closed against her, but she
could hear Emily's voice and Rlad
cliffe's talking with Blake.,Sho ualone
was shut out fron paradise, but she
had deserved and nmust boar it. In
a fit of sile'.it tears she sank down on
her knees and offered up a prayer
~that she minght yet obtain his for
giveness ; suddonly the do,>r opened
nfd Emily.caroeo ou~t;, sh~ting .it
quickly aftei' her when she sawdthe'
crouching girl. "Why' !.what's'this?"
she iiqnired, lastouzshed.. "'What
do you mnean, Kate, by crouching
aroundl en sl jours like this I"
'"Oh, Emily," sobbed the wrote ed
beauty. "I am perfectly miserab I
I must, I. will go in and see him I
Xt wva All r@~ fault P Do yp think
he will ever forgive -met".
.II 'don't~ know, i'mn sure' ~said
ildeyly "Z *onldat''in his
e. I'd bo T6e iged - but, you
uae ioh onhil paa gotona,
and above all remcmlber it was cnly
becalse he was anl) atileto that lho
-vas able to hold your horse until he
could wrench you from tho saddle
and toss you out of danger. No
other than a strong mani coald have
saved your life. So go in and
humiiiblo yourself to him." She
opened the door and called R-Idcliffo
out. Tlhey strolled off together,
while Kato glided into the room
and flung herself at tho feet of the
ex-athlete.
He took his revenge, for when
he got well ho married her.-Illue
traft(l IWVeekly.
The Negroos as Voters.
From the New York'llertild.
It is commonly assumed by
prominent Republican leaders amd
journals that States like South
Carolina or Louisiana must neces
sarily be Republican bacause the
blaclks there faro ill the mljo.ity ;
that is to say, they assume that tae
colored voter is unmovol by reason
and necessarily supports tho .Republi
can ticket. Now, if this weio true,
it would be a public calamity, and
would show that the cololed m-m
is unfit to be a voter; for ho has
now had nearly ten years' training
inl political duties, and ought to be
a movie or less reasonable being,
<mught at 1east to be affected by ap
)eals to his own interests.
But the facts are all against the
Republican assumption; many
causes have conspired to alienate the
iespectablo and intelligent colored
men in the South fiom their usually
corrupt gnd selfish white Republi
caM leade.rs. Wo wl 1inmerate
only a few. The failure of the
Freedmn's Bank, inflicting dis
tressing losses on a great inany in
dustrious blacks, has led many to
leave the Republican party. The
high taxes imposed by Republican
rule in such States as Louisiana and
South Carolina havo induced a
great many colored property owners
to go over to the Democratic ranks.
Tho const:uit tibulence of these
States. compared with the orderly
con dition of Arkansas and Alabama,
has led mamy colored men to seek
similar quiet by giving the local
government to the Democralls
Tacy have discovered that negroes
have all their rights in Dnpcratic
States, and are more prosperous
thin in the Republican States.
Again, disappointment at not re
co.ving from General Grant, after
ma.ny years of waiting, the celebrat
ed "forty atres and a mule," which
Republican politicians in the South
so freely promised, lhas embittered
many ignorant plantation negroes
against the Ropublican party. The
fact that employers of labor, im
poverished by public robbery, could
not aflord wages to labor, has had
its just, influence, for, in some parts
of Louisiana, dozens of costly sugar
plantations are not worked because
their owners cannot afford to run
the risks of a crop with the prevail
ing high taxes.
It nmst be0 remembered that all
these pleas against the Republican
party were incBsanltly and properly
urg~ed upon the colored voters dlmi -
ing the past canvass, not only by
the whites, but by men of their own
race. Thj~irty colored speakers,
prominent andl influential mien, c'an..
vassed Lo~nisiana on the Demo
cratic side, while on the Republican
side such illfluontial colored leaders
as Pinchback wvero silonL ansi absent
from the State Nor is this all.
We are n)ot to forgot that in the
course of years the relations be
twveen the races have become more
kindly and confidential, and thus
the natural and just influence of
intelligenceo and property has beenf
broughlt to boar upon the colored
vate'r.
WVhether the three Disputed
States have cast majorities for
Tilden or Hayes remainls to be0 as
certained. But if they or any of
them have gone Democratic, it would
be absurd and muishievous to claim
that this would b)0 prima f'acie
ovidce of fraud or intimidation.
On the contrary, it ought to ho0 ex
pe'ted as tho result of natural and
proper causes-causes so numerous
and strong 'that, exept for the
Federal in terference durihig the
canvass, wve should have contidently
expected such a change, ai1 even
nowe the presumption lies, it seems
to us, in favor of the Democrats
rather than the Republicans.
La'st week as the mail train from
Columnbia was within a half-mile of
Woodwar'd's, three negroes attempt
ed to cross the track in the face of
the train. Two of them succeeded,
but the third was struck by the cow
catcher, and, singular to relate, was
throwvn upon that part of the engine
known as the bumpeor. He was car
ried to Woodward's, wvhere he dil
mogutpody p~nhurt and lauglhipgs at
his adv~enture.
A meeting of the Board1 of
Foreign Missionm~id the AsaocIAte
Rbfoi'iiied &dsbyterian Chureb 3fe
held~ in Ibue West A hoift titin 'alde,
and it was detertried to setid Re .
spirit b efor e his a e a t r , w
will take place next sprmng.;
A Letter to Gen. Ruger.
COLUMIA, S. C., November 30.
General . H .IRuger, conmanding
United Sates Troops in uth
Carolina :
DFAR Sin-Wo have just heard,
through Major McGuinnis, of your
staff, your orders communicated to
Mr. Wallace, Speaker of the House
of Representatives, that at 12
o'clock to-morrow the members
elect from Edgetiold and Laurens
would not be allowed upon the
floor. To say that we are surprised
at such i an older after the oxplana
tions aid p:odges made by you to
each one of us, is to use very mild
language. When the outrage of
i(Tuesday was committed by the
placing of it med sentinels at the
door of the hall of the House of
Representatives, who decided upon
the admissiwn of membeis to their
seats, and when the docisions of the
Supreme Court were brought to
your attenti on, you distinctly and
warmly asertod again and again
that your orders were misunder
stood ; that you had not intended
to. havo sentinels at tihe door of the
lhal!, and that you had not and did
Iot intendol to assume to decidO 111)011
the legality of any man's sent or
upon nis right to enter the hall.
You wei then reminded by us that
your guard - roccived,,, instiuctions
ic oi one Dem.is, a citizen and par
tisau of Governor Chamberlain, to
admit parties upon his own pass or
that of one Jones, and had, through
armed forces, excluded all Don(;
crats from the hall until the Repub
lican organizativn was completed.
You assured us again that such
were not your orders. You were
told by us that, notwithstanding the
perpetration of this inexpressible
shame upon our free institutions
and the rights of the people, the
evils could be still romedied without
any violence or bloodshed by the
simple withdrawval of your guard
from the doors of that hall ; that
the Democratic members could still
enter, and 11y a parliamentary
wrestle with e Republicans and a
majgrity of votes decide all ques
tionsgn'aogordancc with law and the
usages of lpgislative bodies. You
stated that no troops should be at
the door, and that under no circumn
stances would you interfere except
there should occur a serious . dis
turbance of the peace. You affirmed
your determination to excise no
sup)ervisory control whatever over
the body or bodies claiming to be
tho House of Representatives. All
tims occmred on yesterday. In a
lator interview last night with Sena
tor Gordon you made the same
asseverations. and this morning,
after both bodies were assembled in
the hall, you assured General
Hampton that under no t-ircum
stances would you interfere, except
to keep the peice. What now can
justly measume our astonishment at
the issuance of such an order as the
one just sent by you? There is no
breach of the peace, and no prospect
of its disturbaince. You had it
officially brought to your knowledge
that absolute good humnor prevails
in that hall. We cannot refrain
f.m 011expressinlg the apprehension
that the fiact that a number of lead
ing Republicans are taking issue
with the legality of the proeceedings
b~y the Republican House has
changed your views as to your line
of duty.
It is proper that we should say,
inl conclusion, that we relied upon0)
your honor as a man and your
character as a soldier to mf:lintafinl
yonr pledged position of non-inter
venltionl. Th'ie Democratic members
01om Edgelield and Laurens are
enititled to sei'is by tihe judgmont of
thie Supreme Court of this State,
[and we have advised them to remain
in that hall until removed by your
troops, that the issue may 1be made
inl tiis centennial year' of American
indoponldonee wvhether we have a
govei nmnent of law as construed by
courts, or a centralized despotism,
wvhoso only law is force. Lot tile
American peCople behold the spect1
ele of a brigadier general of the
army seated by the sidoe of~ovornlor
IChamberlain in a room of the State
IHouse, and issuing his orders to a
legislative b~ody p)eacefully assem
bled in one of the originali thirteen
commonw~ealths Sof this Union.
Very respectfully, yoms ,.
WADE HAMPTON,
TJ. B. GoRDoN,
A. 0. HJAsKELL,.
The following conversation be
tween a prominopt Louivill Repub
lican and a member of the'Qlpositionl
is given as a true talk: "Good
morning, o11ld ian; you want that job,
do you ?"-"By ejmbers I. do,.an
badl at that."-,-"4Me, you~ a g 1~c
Catholio, "---'dFaih,'am I, from tj#
sowi of 16e hbe' to the ~j hfh ' this
what's you~r opio1inn of Republicarn,
old mi"W.-,.j , jabegs, iho $qn
back bare-futted. ~er thar'8 11~
ei s brks* o t o I ~ ~ 2 U
The Method of Counting the, Electora
Vote.
The extremo doubt in which th<
returns received recently loft th<
result of the Presidential election
has made the counting of the electo
ral vote in February next, likely to be
an event of very great interest an.
importance. On more tha one occa
sion the defects of the machinery
for determining which of two or more
candidates has been legally elected
to the Presidency, have be'en strik'
ingly shown, and attempts have been
made to remedy them ; but whilh
none of these efforts have met with
success, it has also been fortunate
that on no occasion which has over
arisen, has the actual result been
effected by the vote of any State which
firwarded its voto and the validity
of whose returns has been questioned.
Now it s3ens pJssiJl3 thAt siuch. a
contingency nay niio.
No provision has ever been ma de
for settling a disputo of this kind.
Section 1, Article II, of the Consti
tution, directs that "cach State shall
appoint, in such manner as the Leg
islaturo thereof may direct, a num
ber of electors equal to the whole
number of Senators and i Reprosenta
tives to which the State may bo en
titled in the Congress ; but no Sena
tor or 1tepresentative, or person
holding an office of trust or profit
under the United States, shall be ap
pointed an elector."
The twelfth amendment to the
Constitution provides that the elce
to s "mcot in their respective States,
aad vote by ballot for President and
Vice-President, one of whom shall
not be an inhabitint of the same
State with themselves. * * *
And they shall make distinct lists of
all persons voted for as President,
and of all persons voted for as Vice
President, and of the number of
votes for each ; which lists they
shall sign and certify, and transmit
sealed to the seat of government of
the United States, directed to the
president of the Senate. The presi
dent of the Senate shall, in the pres
onco of the Senate and House of
Representatives, open all the certifi
cates, and the votes shall then be
counted. The person having the
greatest number of votes for Presi
dent shall be the President, if such
number be a majority of the whole
number of electors appointed," &c.
By acts of 1792 and 1804, as
adopted in the Revised Statutes of
the United States, the following
reguhtions are made :
SEc. 135. The electors of each
State shaill meet and give their votes
upon the first Wednesday in Decem
ber in the year in which they are
appointod, at such place, in, each
State, as the Legislature of such
Stato shall direct.
SEC. 136. It shall be the duty of
the executive of each State to cause
three lists of the names of the elec
tors of such State to be .made and
certified, e.nd to bo delivered to the
electors on or before the day on
which they are required, by the pre
ceding section, to meet.
SEc. 137. The electors shall vote
for President and Vice-President,
respectively, in the manner directed
by the constimtion.
SEc. 138. The electors shall make
and sign three certificates of all the
votes given by them, each of which
ertificates shall contain two dis
tinct lists-one of the votes for Pre
sident, and the other of the votes for
Vice-President-and shall annex to
each of the certificates one of the
listri of electors which shall have
been furnished to them by direction
of the Executive of ihe State.
Soc. 139, Tfhe electors shall seal
up the certificates so made by them,
and certify upon each, that the lists
of all the votes of such State given
for President, and of all the votes
given for Vice-President, are con
tained thereini.
See. 140. The electors shall dis
pose of the certificates thus made by
them in thme following mnanner:
One. They shall, by writing under
their hands, or under the hands of a
majority of them, appoint a person
to take charge of and deliver to the
President of the Senate, at the seat
of .Government,' befoi e the first
Wednesday in January then next
ensumng, one' of the certificaites.
Two. They shall forthwith for
ward by the postoffico to the Presi
dent of the Senate, at the scat of
Government, one or the other of the
certificates.
Three. They shall forthwith cause
the other of the certificates to be
delivered to the judge of that dist
riot in wvhi~ch the electors shall' a's
semnbie.
""Sec. 142. Congress shall he in
.eessionon the lieconid WednesdyjnA
Februpry supcceding everyr meeting
off eletoiadtd the certfloate,
bys~ay'of the~m as have beeni ae
2dit~ed,E shall theoi b~ opened,- the
otq ,xIte pr ots t
iOn eealibc~sspriorjtoA ~9,
Ado tbye .~ ,%i~ ~
ei redd Maehowdovqin
innethoboj atnon n4sh at
red in by both housosof Congress.
When the questions arose during
ithe first half of the centurv touch
ing the acceptanco or rojection of tho
vo of States, the returns from
which were irregular, long dobates
sometimues arose, which seriously in
torfored with the prompt announce
nient of the result. To cut off such
debate, the twenty-second joint rulo
of the two houses was adoptel in
1865, and re-alopted by each sue
ceeding Congress excel the present.
The following is the text of the
rule :
"If upon the reading of any such
cetificate, by thle tellers, anly ques-r
tionl shall ariso in regard to the
counting of the votes thereil cert i
lied, the same h 'aving bfen staed
by the presidinig officer, the H-o ota
shall,1 thoroulponl withdIraw, and' sn:ilt
qIlestion sl l be slibillit hed t ih At
body for its decision ; aid the speak..
or of the house shall. in like na-mner,
submit the 8ahI :mI -n to the
House for its dec;i*si m, :uid no ques.
tion shall be decided -h-mahrtively,
a 0d no votes objuete.d a) shall be
counted, except by eon'Irrent votes
oI the two hiousaies, which hieing ob
tained, the two houses shuahlle assel
ble, and the pr'eidin11g oflicer shell
then axiloulnce the aeisiion' of tho
quostion subnitte i ; and ul)on such
question there shall be no debate in
either house, and any other question
to this objc:t for whAi--h tlWe two
houses are asseibled. may he sui)
mittedi and deter'lined in like man
ner.
In 1873, electoral voLos were
rejected from several State; under
this rule, but its operation was so
unsatisfactory that the sen
timent at that timo was almost
unanimous not only for its repeal,
but also for an entire chango in
the mode of electing President. It
was repealed at the last session of
Congress by a failure of the Senato
to adopt it.
From this hasty review, it'appears,
(1) that the president of the' senate
has never assumed to determino any
question as to the validity of tho
vote received from any State, but
that when such questions have
arisen, they have invariably been re
forred to the two houses of Con
gross for their decision.
(2.) 'That neither house of Con
gress, by itself, has ever claimed the
right to reject the vote of any State,
or to determnino, in case two sets of
returns from a single State appear,
which of them shall be counted, ex
cept by authority of tile Twenty
second Joint Rule, which no longer
exista.
(3.) That while neither the Con
stitution nor the laws. of the United
States expressly provide the moans
of determining controversies that
may aiise ill regard to the counting
of the electoral vote of any State,
that power has beon exercised by
the concurrent action of the two
houses of Congress.-AV. 1. Tri
bune.
A Ount.ageous Proceeding.
Night before last Mr. Mazyck, a
hlighlly resp~ectable citizen 1esiding
at tile corner of Rutledg~e and
Morris streets, was aroused in tile
dead of night by a noise of somc ono0
breaking into his house. Ho quick -
ly put on his clothes, and quietly
w~entL down staiirs wvith a donleh
barrel shot-gun in his hand, opened
the dloor on his p'azza, and there he
sawv a negro standing with tihe
shutter of the windowv in his hands,
wvhich ho had succeeded in wrench
ing from the hinges ; lhe took aim
a~t the burglar and pullel the trig
ger, but tile cap) snapped, thme burg
lar threwv dowvn the shutter a.nd ran,
jumping over theo banister int.> the)
yard. The scond barrel was pnUiid~
on him and thme followv ran off, jump
ing over the t'fence ; thea phee whero
he jumped over w s examninedl an~d
blood was on the fence and grannid.
Tile p)olicemian onl this beait hearing
the report rushed upon the premis
es, and seized the( genthlema n~ who
was thus protecting his homeb and
firesido from the depredations of
mnidnighlt robbers, arrested Mr.
Mazyck, and he was held for thie
space of eight hours a prisoner.
The burglar was allowed to escaipo
and go off unhcoded b~y this polica
officer, andi a citizen protecting his1
home was dragged at night tiino to
pr'ison. This' is the sort of govern
ment we live under to-day.-.
(Uharleston .Journal it of ommerce.
The gin house of Mr. W. P Devlin,
a tesident of Abbeville county, was
burned by an incendiary lost week.
Two bales .of cotton, several hlun
(ire - bn'els of edttoji 'eed wviti
theo machinery gnnn, etc.
wer loi.NeidwaA'thocut fivuo
hundred 4o01) s isurangeo oni tho
place'whichipycove ibiOhfne
lialf of'tihedss
John~ L p Qb ,
and oe o s e y el irated menI
e ig''frsm,
i "r fin

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