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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1876-1881, December 14, 1876, Image 1

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L. I---NO. 10 1 WINNSBORO, S. C.. T H UR SDAY MORNlNG, D)CEMBE R 14, 1876. ,d*
GEN. WADE_ HAMPTON.
A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.
DY J. WOOD DAVIDSON.
From the Yoravillo Enquirer,
In the issue of the Enquirer, of
date of. January 13th, 1870, first
appeared the sub~joined sketch of
Gen. Wade Hampton, written for
the columns of th3is paper by a
talented son of Carolina, who has
since removed from the State. It
was prepared and published -simply
as a biographical sketch of an illus
triQus citizen of the State, W1hose
,Lae was an embodiment of virtue
and valor; and was not intended to
subserve any political or other pur
pose.
The recent nomination of General
H-ipton to the CiiOf Migistracy of
the State, again brings his nofae
prominently before the people, and
attaches a deep interest to the
principad events in his past career,
We presume our readers will re
quire no apology from us for again
presentimg in our coluns , the
principal events in the life of one so
much endoered to the people of the
State, and around whose name sa
much prosent intorest attacihes.
4 By birth, residence, education and
cla;acter, General Wade Hampton
is a South Carolinian. Perhaps no
better representative man could be
found-represontativo in that he
combines in himself a fairer share of
those better qualities of mind and
character, of which Southernors are
-so uniformly proud, and upon which
the genuine South Carolinian bases
his individuality. He is a type or
representative man of both section
and State.
His grand father-Colonel Hamp
ton, of Revolutionary fame, and
afterward a General in the war of
1812-bore the same name. As a
partisan officer of the forces of
Marion and Sumter, he was noted
for the rapidity, boldness and suc
cess of his movements. In the late
war-that of 1812-lie received the
:Uppointment of Brigadier, and serv
ed under Gen. Doirborn in the
operations against Canada.
His father, Col. Wade Hampton,
served as aide. de camp with Gen.
An drew Jackson in the defence of
New Orleans.
Thus three generations havo
served with distinction in war.
Lieutenant-General Wade Hamp
ton, the subject of the present
sketch, was born in Charleston in
the year 1818. He elitored the
South Carolina College in 1835.
His graduating speec was upon
Tasso. The peculiar character of
the man appeared while yet a youth,
ii his conduct at a gie it fire in
Columbia, where he won the ad
mniration of older heads by the
coolness, forethought and daring
which he exhibited. From his
earliest boyhood he was noted fQr
his fondness for hunting ; and has
enjoyed, from that time,; the repu
tation of being the best shot and
the niost successful huntsman in the
State.
He served before the war in both
branches of the State Legislature.
The memorable puIblic measure th. t
lie led, was the opposition to the
re-opening of the African slave
trade. He was in the Senate at
that timo. Gov. Adams, in his
message, had recommended the
re-opening of that trade ; and the
committee to which the subject was
referred, submitted a report fdLora
leh to it. Senator hampton wvas a
member of that commit tee, and was
the writer of O, mihority report,
which took strong grounds against
the action of the majority. His
treatment of his own slaves was
always humane, of which fact we
shall have further evidence ini events
Sat have occurred since the wvar.
4e is said to have been the owner
of a greater number of slaves than
any other planter in his State.
He married first Miss Preston, of
Virginia, and second Miss WicDuffle,
a dlaaglater1 9t pvi McDdfflei .of
South Cai'olina. I's home, at Co
liunbia, has been characterized as
the "abode of splendid hospitality,
<1encei nte Uttd~ftbn T
was destroyed by Sherman's troops
at the same time they burned
Columbia, in February, 1865. The
house was isolated, and must have
been fired separately-oue among
the thiousands of' istantees of vIdli
tiga of46 a4 ud tights Qt wai,
Eiithe Sle'lige~on Qi private proper
When the 4Vwdf se son aroh
Tay 01is Congaree !ounted Rifde
mien, which di oi~eaCals
ton dhiWgthe 'dtihtf ort
$umter. In April of th year.
SAs'd6 id
cae m war~I6be
was ~iine fo~ rn
Tlds 49 e4 lh~
branohenof th 7~ cava ry,
infantry and riey~~ ~
known tlE
2km~
-ize ba'
with it a banner presented by the
Ihdies of his native State, which was
destined to wave over many a
bloody field. In the First Battle of
Manassas, the Hampton Legion held
the Warrenton Road against the
brigade of Keyes. Overwhelming
numbers bore them back a short dis
'sance, but forming on the right of
Jackson's Stonewall Brigade, they
did heroic service in turning the
tide of an almost desperate day.
General Beadregard, -in his official
report, spoke of the Legion with
the highest praise, mentioning that
it "aided in restoring the fortunes
of the day, at - the time when the
enemy, by a last desperate onset,
with heavy odds, had driven the
Confederates from the fiercely con
tested ground about the Henry
House." Col. Hampton's horse was
shot under him early in the action,
and later he was severely wounded
in the head with a rifle ball.
The Hampton Legion took part
in all the battles of the Peninsular,
moving with Johnston's army up to
the defense of Richmond. In the
battle of Seven Pines-81st May,
1862-Col. Hampton was again
wounded. Then came the Seven
Days' Fight before Richmond, be
ginning with Mechanicsvillo and
ending with Malvern's Hills, in
which he and his Legion -already
famous for its brilliant achievements
and already everywhere felt to carry
with it the prestige of a legion of
veterans-took a distinguished part.
It was after the battle of Cold
Harbor that Col. Hampton was pro
moted to be a Brigadier General of
Cavalry.
.From tbis -time-July, 1862
until the death of General Stuart
May, 1864-General Hampton serv
ed under General Stuart, who was
Lee's first officer of cavalry in his
Army of Northern Virginia. At
Stuart's death Hamp:no was ad
vanced to the commander-in-chief o!
Lee's cavalry. But we are anticipat
ingithe course of events. Let us
return to the winter of 1862.
During Decen.ber, 1862, Gen.
1ampton-then a Brig.dier-did
brilliant service in three memorable .
dashes across the Rappahannock
River, which was that winter the
line between the Federal and Con
federate armies. On the first he
made a surprise excursion across
the river, in which -hi fell unex
nectedly upon two squadrons of
Federal cavalry, captured several
officers and a hundred men, and all
without any loss on his side. On
the the 11th, he made a successful
dash upon Dunifries; and again, on
the 16th, a still more successful one,
i i which he brought off a hundlred
and thirty prisonei s.
In the splendid and eventful but
varied operations of 1863, General
Flampton did some of the most gal
lant fighting of the whole war. In
the battle of Brandy Station hi3
command consisted of the First and
Second South Carolina Cavalry, the
First North Carolina Cavalry and
the Cobb, Jeff Davis and Phillip
Legions-all cavalry and mounted
artillery. The f'git was obet rnate
and bloody. T1he character of the.
contest and the spirit shown b~y thme
Confederates, appear in the striking
fact that every field officer to whom
the command successively fell was
wounded-Col. Baker, of the First
North Carolina; then Colonel
Young, of Cobb's Legion; then Col.
Bl Lk. of the First-South Carolina ;
then Lieutenant Colonel Lipscomb,
of the Second South Carolina The
iinpoitant results of that engage
m :nt are a part of history. The
limited space at our disposal here
does not allow us to present them.
in Lee's Pennsylvania campaign,
the cavalry had some of the most
arduous service ; and the gallant
performance of the duties exacted
of them by those trying circum
stances, established for them that
prestige which 'they bore,, into the'
memorable warfare around Rich
mond and Petersburg in 1.864-a
warfare, in its ineumality of forces,
and the heroism'd s~aed in it,. and
its ends acco'mplise bydarin~g and
endurance, unparalletec in history.
*In the grsacd drama of Gettysburg
-those three July days of' the riot
of reddoth-Gear Hansipton took
part. -What part he took appears-in
the eff'ects upon~tllO,field and, those
which followed quekly afder.s Upon
thg fAek4 he was tree tirpies wounds
e~and.is command so~toka iby; the
terr'ifid work that of the twentys
three field officers in his brigade,
twenty-one Meren either 'r kild. c*
,wounded;,n Soon, after:. General
dainpton-uf to this9 time e a
lgader.was proznot'ed t9q be a
~or4~euralf the Qogroate,
th. oqo'to done was .o. eutat
~egogitigns anid, reward~.-.promo.
deigitbe~ny operatiozis ;of
p amptna's. oavary fropith
the stlu1'morm iesmormemm ofn
5' u"mIsekm naamosmmmemr
GM R.1iDDWADD MMEDE/E
dor lie and Charlottesville, and
d u their railway connections,
after w hich he was to move on and
capture. Lynch burg in conjunction
with Hunter. On the 10th of June,
at Trevillian's Station, on the
Central Railroad, Sheridan discov
ered an unlooked-for resist4 ee.
Hampton's troops wore forining
aR.oss his route. On the mioring
of the 11th, the battle was fought,
a battla hardly surpassed during the
whole war in its determined and
almost desperate daring. Sheridan
was severely handled, and his ex
pedition thwarted. Rapid move
ments on the part of Haimpton
brought these coninands again and
again in contact-at the White
House, at Forgq Bridges and finally
at Samnaria Church, where Sheri
dan's forces were handsomely
routed.
This brilliant achievement accom
plished, Hampton was returning to
rejoin Lee's army, on the 26th of
June, after three weeks of Herculean
service, when a new task appeared
for him. This was to intercept and
damage Wilson's command, who
were ascertained to be en route from
Staunton River bridge for Grant's
army. Fitz Leo was to co-operate
with an art illory and infantry force
placed at Reams' Station. H amp
ton found Wilson at Sappony
Church, broke his main line of
battle, and kept up a hot and em
barrassing pursuit for several days.
The troops at Reams' Station added
rurther to the disconifiture, and
the whole affair added laurels to
Leo's cavalry arm, and inspired a
legree of caution in Sheridan's
savalry that they never fully re
3overed from until some datys after
the afiair at Appomattox. Hampton
Look 800 prisoners. A sumnary of
these operations, beginning on the
18th of June-two days before lie
inet Sheridan at Trevillian's-is
thus given in Gen. Hampton's
>ificial report :
"Duiing this time-a period of
twenty-three days-the command
bad no rest, was badly Bupplied
with rations and forage, marched
Lapwards of four hundred miles,
rought the greater portion of six:
:lays and one entire night, captured
apward of two thousand prisoners,
inany guns, small ah'Ins, wagons,
horses and other materials of w,ar,
md was completely successful in
iefeating two of the most formida
ble and well organized expeditions
Af the enemy. This was accomn
[)ished at a cost, in my division, of
seven hundred and nineteen killed,
ivounded and missing. The men
bave borne their privtions with
1heerfulness ; they have fought ad
nirably, and I wish to oxprecs, be
roro <iaing my m eport, not only
ny thanks to them for their good
nduct, but my pride at having had
;he honor to command them."
This language is characteristic of
the man. Candid and generous as
lie is brave, nune can be more ready
to accord to others their due meed
)f praise.
Then came a few months of lu'l.
Rest there could not be. That
3ternal vigilance wvhich is said to b)e
the price of liberty, is a veritable
3ondition of existence in the face
f such an enemy under such cir
mumstances.
Th'le 16th of September is the date
>f Hampton's famous Beef Raid.
This consisted of first ascertaining
that an immense ship'ment of beef
cattle had been received by Grant at
City Point, and were kept east of
that place a short distance and in
rear of the Federal army ; and . of
mecondly making a dash around
Grant's left wing, and driving off
four hundred prisoners and twenty
live hundred beeves. This was beef
enough, one estimate makes it, to
reed fifty thousand men for six
weeks, allowing a pound of beef to
the ration.
It was on the 28th of October that
Gener I Harnpton lost a son in a
battle. Bothis somns, who were
in servicewith- him, were wounded
in the same engagemnt-on the
Dinwiddle Plank, Road-one fatal
ly
Soon after these ates, as the.
winter of 18Q4beogan tocome on, the~
signineance al. direction--- e i.
portance and the obj eotive point.
Sherpan's movemnt became~ mnarn
fest, Ham pton's work in Virginia
must be abandoped to. piorforzn a
more needed one in, SouthCOaroina.
Beoauegara was then in )commarnd
inthe. dpartment ~ireetly imenaced
by bhierman's ,operahiops.. Hamp
ton was ordered south to report ;to
;al hugh~ toaqrrest .the
mrhotl. 'drp1 Anny. was
known ,m Q.pigle. ,Qhr
elswreht Inmipw. .,fere
Kha4k opp c~mande af, the
a . ~ho
a4o e
on the Federals, charifed aid drov(
thom back in confusion; taking man3
prisoners, and killing, and wound
img somoc.
In a general estim to of thew
military siervices, wo im st not forgel
the niagniitudo of the war. It i:
doubtless a reasonable estimaatu to
reckoi that Gonoral - amipton saw
ten times a1s much actual service in
tho field as General Washingtoi
did.
When the war was over, he that
had been great in waV, showed a
greatness quito as honorable in
peace. Temporate in all .his views,
earnest in every issue, clear-sighted
when most others were confounded,
lie has spoken and written words
that the future will cherish as words
of wisdom, when such words were so
few.
On the 20th of August, 1865, just
after a public meeting of whites had
been held in Columbia,' General
Hampton advised against any pub
hic movement until the general gov*
ernmient had indicnted its policy
toward the State. He said :"Tho
State is either a member of the
Federal Union, or it is not. If a
member, then not only in it a work of
suporerogation for her to ask admis
sion to the Union, but, she is, by
the Constitution of the United
States, guaranteed a lRepublican
form of Government, attd she has
the right to administer hor govern.
ment under such a Constitution and
by such laws as she chooqcs. But if
she is, on the contrary, ndt a member
of the Union, shelmiiust be regarded
either as a 'territory or a conquered
province. In either condition, the
United States authoritios are charg
ad with the duty of providing a
proper government for her, and I
think the true policy of the State is
to remain passive until such a gov
3rnmient is given her, or is forced
apon her." Ho then procoeded to
show that a Convention of the people
md an acquiescence in every do
inand that Congross might make
would not result in rstwring the
itate to her proper relations to the
1ederilGovernni-eat-a fact whieh
as become patent to a good many
silee that time.
On the 7th of August, 1867-two
years later, when two conventions of
ur citizens had been held--he ox
pressed the same conviotions. Af
ter showing that the faith. kept by
the North toward thed@,uth had
been Punic, lie says : "I touch on
thoso Points only to 'show the mis
kakes committed by the Sonth, when
,b comforned to thoso demands of
the North which were interpolated
nto the conditions after our ~Hurren
ler. Our State Conventions wero
nistakes; so were the changes of
mur Constitution ; greater than all
>thor, was the legislation ratifying
he am ndxmant of t. e United St. e
Uonstitution known as Artile 13.
Again lie says "Has this policy of
2oncession to unlawful commands
Leen productive of benefit that we
still desire to pursue it ? Are we
prepared, for the sake of expediency
--that fatal fallacy which has lured
Las so far on the road to destruction
that Trojan Horse wvhich has
brought with it an Iliad of woes-to
barter away the fewv rights remain
ing to us ? Yet this is the course
we must followv, if weo accept terms
which we knowv to be contrary to
the conditions on which we surren
dlered, and which are in open and pal
pablQ violation of the Constitution
if thme United States-of -that (Con
stitution which we swvear to support
at the very moment we are grossly
cutraging its most sacred pro
visions."1 His advice at that -junc
Lure was : "Let every man register,
and cast his vote against the Coni
vention."
In all his discusstons of the diffi
cult problem of the relations be
tween the two races in the Sonth,
General Hampton has never lost
sight of their -identity of interests.
In F'ebruary, 1867, addressing a
meeting of freedmen in Cohunbia, he
said : "Your welfare is inseparably
linked with that of the whites of the
South. If we are unjustly taxed,
yon will suffer ; if we are ruined,
you will be destroyed. Your. pros.
perity depends entirely on that of
your country, and whatevrer fate
awaits the white people of the South
will~bo yours."
These are .words of. wisdom that
the unfortunate freedmen have been
sedulously'taught to forget ; taught
by adventurers who grow ridh supon
the ruin of'both races.
Upon the abolition of slavery he
said : "The -deed has been' done,
and I, for onei dot honestly -declare
itat I never wisla to see it revoked.
I'gTr de JAelieve . hat: the people.
of thp Southwould niw rernanddh
negro to slateiy~.ft they had the
powertodop, a 4. a
~die4dotthe courlse to aptir&ue
wnrdsR,.addressed to . his. fes
amercompanionis in arms, in the.fl
da,8 u.; fAs~a slave,- he Wa's faith
AfrMnd. Ieal'with shin
'gly ety Ji .lyd *nyprd
~,V~1I~oeprQ 9Vy~
e courteous, firm, merciful, and1 in al
-t'iigs, ahid above all, we have seei
him manly and truthful.
r In makng this portraiture of Gen
H Hampton, we have felt free to ox
s press our cstiuato of his public se 0
if vices and private character, 'whicI
t fromtho essential nature of th
y eso, are inseparable, because he i
e a representative man. In discuss
ing hin political enemies have dis
cussed the South, dnd in abusing
e him, they have assailed South Caro
> lina. Accordingly, when we demon
e strate his title to admiration, ou
argument is not personal. but pub
lie ; and when we seek to defenc
1 him against malignant misrepresen
tation, our aim is to defend whatevei
i is pure, true, brave, manly and
a chivalrous-in one word, whatevei
i ji Southern-in Southern character,
Chamberlain's Bogus Inaugural.
3 GENTIEMEN OF THE SENATE AND HousE
OF 1EPIRUSENTATI\ES:
I I accept the office to which, by the
I voice of a majority df the people of
this State, I have a second time been
called, with a full knowledge of the
grave responsibilities and difflcul..
ties by which it is now attended.
No considerations, except the clear
est convictions of duty, would be
r sufficient to induce me to accept
this great 'trust under the circum
stances which now surround us.
I regard the.present hour in South
Carolina as a crisis at which no
patriotic citizon slwuld shrink from
any >bat to which public duty may
call uiim. In my sober judgment
our prosent struggle is in defence
of the foundations of our govein
ment and institutions. If we fail
now, our government-the govern
ment of South Carolina--will no
longer rest on the consent of the
governed, expressed by a free
vote of a majority of our people.
If our opponents triumph-I care
not under what guise of legal forms
-we, shall witness the overthrow of
free government in ourState.
My chief personal anxiety is that
I may have the firmness and wisdom
to act-in a manner worthy of the
great interests so largely committed
to my keeping. My chief public
care shall be to contribute my utmost
efforts to defend the rights, to guard
the peace and to promote the wel
fare of all the people of our State.
Tho constant occupation of my
time with other duties which I
could not postpone, has prevented
ie from preparing the usual state
ments and recommendations re
specting our public affairs. At the
earliest practicable day, I will dis
charge this duty. Our greatest
interest, our most commanding duty
now, is to stand firmly, each in his
appointed place, against the aggres
sions and allurements of our politi
cl o ponent. Our position up to
th >resent :timne has been within
the clear limits of our constitution
andlaws. Nothing but the coward
ice or weakness or treachery of
our own friends, can rob us of the
victory I state what facts showv,
what overwvhelming evidence proves,
whe~n I say that if we yield now, we
shll1 witness the consummation of
a deliberate and cruel coiispiracy on
the part of the Democratic party of
this State to overcome by brute
force tihe political wvill of a majority
of twenty thousand of the lawful
voters of this State.
I have mourned over. public
abuses which have heretofore arisen.
here. I h'ave, according to the
nmeasure of my ability, labored to
nage the conduct of our public
affairs ho nest and honointe.. But I
stand appalled at the crimes against
freedom, against public order,
against good government, .nay,
against government itself, which our
recent political experierce here' has
#esented. And I am the rmore
'palled when I see the North, th-se
pbrtion of our country which 'is
socure in its freedom and civil orde,
and the getpolitical party whidh
has coat fel the republio for' six
teen yeare, divided in its symps~thies
and judgmnent upon suoh tuestions.
It is written in blood on the pages
of. our recent national history, that'
nb government can rest with s afety
up~on thme enforced slavery or d0ea
dation of a race. In, the #Il Blie
of itbat great example of retribu
ibe justice which swept away a half
niillion of the bestlives o or40
try we see the Amer'eax! pel
dfrided by p irty liner uoi thle
question of the disfr snohxae~t
and degradation of the same crace
whose physical freedom waij -u
chaded at such a cost. And, w~
is mate Astonishh 'J stUI fthere~'
Roa ondwhoi permit tdrts .
S v%~it9znq the $ sitrts
his oration at the Georgia Stat
Fair in Macon, on the 17th of N<
vember. These are -his words :
"The negro is undoubtedly botte
fitted, from his long training, I
phyAical configuration ' and hi
adaptability to all the -diversities (
our climate, to make a more efdicier
laboror than any other.. Especiall
is this true when the labor is to b
performed in the more malarial poi
tions of our conntry Our objec
then, should be to develop, to th
utmost, his capacity ah a laborer. T
do this, time is reqnisite, and w
shall have to exercise great forbeai
anco, constant prudence and stead
kindness. We must make him feE
that his interests are indissolubl
bound up with ours ; that hig]
prices for our products insure higI
wages for - him ; that we have ni
animosity toward him ; but, on th,
contrary, that we cherish the kin<
feeling engendered by early associa
tions and old memories. Let. u
be scrupulously just in our dealing
with him ; lot us assist him in hi,
aspirations for knowledge and ai<
him in its acquisition. Try to ele.
vate him in the scale of true man,
hood, of civilization and Christianit3
so that he may be better fitted for the
grave duties and high responsibili,
ties forced ubon him by his new po
sition. In a word, convince hiu
that we are his best if not his onl)
friends, and when he shall have don
this, wA shall not only have placei
our labor on a isound footing, bui
we shall have gained in the laborer c
strong- 'and zealous' ally. On thi
subject, I speak not from theory, bul
experience -an experience which haE
taught me that the. kindest relationE
can exist between the planter and
his former slaves, resulting in mutu
al advantage to both parties M)
old slaves are cultivating -the land
on which they have lived for years,
and there has been a constant and
marked improvement in their indus
try in each, year. since their emanci
pation, though they have not yet
attained the same effioiency as labor
ers they formerly possessed. I have
promised to put up for them v
school-house and church, and to pay
a portion of the salaries of their
teachers. Such a system, if gener
ally adopted, wtu'd tend greatly
to fix the laboreis t6 -the soil, and
would, by adding to their content
and enjoyment, result in vast ulti
mate benefit to the landlord. Thai
kind treatment, just dealing and sin
cere efforts to improve their condi.
tion, tire not without .effect upoin
them, is proved by the fact, gratify
ing to myself, that I am on my way
to Mississippi, by the request of hun
dreds of negroes, besidos my own
laborers, to advise them what course
to pursue in the approaching elec
tion there. I am not one of those
who believe that the mere posses
son of the rudiments of education
makes a people s'ronger, better or
happier ; "a little learning is a dan
gerous thing," and unless moral
eduoation goos hand in hand with
intellectual, the seeds of knowledge
wvill be sown on a barren soil, or
will produce but thorns and thistles;
but I do believe that in proportion
as you make all labor, other than
compulsor'y, intelligent, you render
it profitable. If this be true, we
should educate the mind, the heart
and the soul of the negro, looking at
the. question. only, in its. material
aspect and leaving out - of considera.
tion altogether those highet and
nobler'motives which should prompt
us to do so. A longer experience of
his newly acquired1 freedomn, and his
acquisition of higher intelligence
will teach him, not only his depend
ence'on the whites of the South, but
tihe great truth which nb laws can
change,
--"in every soil,
'That those who think nitit gbvern' those
who toll."
The old slaves of whom the speaks
ocenp)y his planltationis upon 'the
Mississippi. Several hun'dr'ea in
number-six or eight hundred; wq
have heard-theyv have nevet falter:.
ed ini their afidelity to. him. When
the war was over and they gewre
first made~ (ully aware of thgir
changed condithio-freodom from
slavery-freedour to' go wheever
theyr pleased,--'they all, withoutt an
individual exceptip. l etomin tt
work f6V him sthey had always
doneak;J rot: tha tijudph 1' Etas
a slave-owner, evof, ~h te history of
the world, received ench i tibge oJ
loyalty and devotion? A Ed ~why
3dt
We hatv4 nb'* see'n Gewi A1'1ai4p
ton as a~boy inoted afor "daring/ and
~scao a - aJ~a~
dt s WG loe liI(& ej
. Aeld 4ame (dg
,1 of all dangers, in the face of false or
1 timid friends, in the face of open
onomnies, to show that we under
stand the cnso in which we are
. engaged, and that no earthly
. sacrifice is too groat to sOcure its
,triumph,
3 The geintloman who~ was my op
ponent for this office in the late
election, has recontly declared, as I
am oredibly informed, that he holds
not only the peace of this. city and
State, but my life, in his hqnd. I do
. not dilt the truth of his state
I monts. Neither the public peace
nor the life of any man who now
opposes the consummation of this
. policy of fraud and violence is8sa
from the assaults of those who havd
enforced that policy. ' - ' ''t
|My life can easily be taken.' -
have held it, in the judgmenx o.al
my friends here,..by a frail tenure
for the last three months. .But
there is one thing no wuan in. South,
Carolina can do, however powrfi,4
or desperate ho may be, an'd thit k
to cause me to abate my hatred dr
cease my vigorous resiattnce- to:
this attempted ovorthro)v and. en
slavement of a majority o'f the peo
ple of South Carolina. "hbre- I
stand ; I can do no otherwise f God
be my helper." Wife nd childre,
nearer to me than "are the ruddy.
drops that visit my. sad heart'-allf
other considerations must give way
before the solemn duty to resist the
final success of that monstrous out4
rage, under whose black shadow wel
are assembled to-day.
Getting Disgusted.
Te New York Tribune, despite
its efforts to the contrary. is eyi..
dently becoming diagdsted with the
"ways that are dark"'of some df - the
party by which it is attempted to,
stifle the popular will and count im4.
the "Returning Board States" fOr
Governor Hayes. It refers to the
case of Alachua county, Florida,'
where the Republicans i tried -to
palm off a spurious return, as fol.
lows:
"The Flbrida inspector who Is so
prodigal of his affidavits must be an
mtererting character. . First he*
swore ou the Democratic side, then
on the Republican;. then he swore
that his second affidavit was mado in
consideration of money paid to him
by a Repiblican, and then goes back,
with all the zeal of a new . convert,
to his first story. * OrdEimily the
statement of a man who .ii abnit
that lie has taken hvil;o is not
worth tho time it takes to listen to
it, but it has boon discovered that
the second qj/tdavit was d(at'( three
days earlier than. the rfist one
which it purported to retract. Sov
eral hundred votes turn upon this
single cu0111t, aid it is initcresting to
reflect that the Presidency of the
United States may bo at the dis
position of creatures such as this."
-Register.
Editorlal Cares.
From the Cleaveland Lea, r.
The editor of a Texas paper gives
the following figures of a statistical
mnemnorandum of his ev'ery-day life;
and still pecople will think that edi
tors have but few carcs to disturb
their slumbers, and start into the
newspaper business to enjoy life:
Been asked to drink 11,392
Drank . . 11,892
Requested to retract 410
Didn't refract 410
Invited to parties and recep
ceptions by parties fish
ing for puffs . 888
Took the hint , . 88
Didn't take the hint a,800
Throataned to 'be whipped 174'
Been wh'ipped , 0'
Whipped the other efollow4
Didn't cone to time '1O
Been promised whiskeys
-gin etc., ifwe wquj4 go
after them A
Been aftei' them ,0
Been asekedivhat's the news' 800,000
Told .-,98C
Didn't kpo~w 800,0/
Lied aIholt it 0917
Ben tdehche '2
Chng'med politic~. 8
111 ass.,A:
tqwha dto sbuy a-poolit
p use Hp oon
atd6 h a u egual. i~ l~
blw ask wg hedfd
f4bei p ass $*
~ l6

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