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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1876-1881, July 09, 1879, Image 1

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WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNEDAY M'ORNING, JULY 9, 1879. VOL. 3. NO. 39
RLIST1ORY AND ITS LESSONS.
-0
WIIA'10 AAY )111 7ER.1RJND BY A
P14U).AL OFi IT'S PAGJES.
An Oratilon Dollvered by rnjor T. W.
Woodward, of Fairlelid, lHoforo the
laeorary Societies of F'.rimin Univor
#1ty.
r,. Presilenl, -biei, mid Genlemen of itc
Ardelplitin (aid i'ilosophiin Socklies :
- Lot me state, in the beginning,
that I am not here for the purpose
of displaying oratory, nor with at
tempt at motaphysical disquisition.
When I received your kindly lettor
of invitation, I statod frankly that
I had grave doubts whether I would
properly meet the requi rem on ts of
this occasion, but I also stated that
I professed to bolong to that old
school, that glorious old school, of
Carolina which, amongst ofhor
things, taught 111 that the polite
invitations of gentlein were not
to be disregai-ded. Coining, then,
solely in responso to a lifelong prin
cipio, I do fool authorized to ask
you r kindly consideration, evon
though it be deimonstrated that I am
unfitted for the task before mo.
There are those who deny that
there is any such tiing as hirtory,
and others who admit tho triuth of
history, but deny that it 1epeats
itself. Of the formor of those was
the groat Napoloon, who said that
history was but fiction agreod upon.
Faust, in reply to a student who
vas growing enthusiastic over the
spirit of past ages, said the tiics
which are gone are a 1)ook of seven
seals, Mid what you call tie spirit of
past ages is but the spirit of this or
that worthy gentleman in whose
mind those ages are reflected.
Froudo assorts that history never
repeats itself. H1 contends tha th 0e
most ':easonablo an ticipaLtiolls fail
us; that antecodents the most ol)po
sito mislead u-, )ecause the condi
tions of human probleotms never
repeat themselves-some new feature
alters everything. Soarching for
the truth of history in times with
which we are acquainted, and for a
record of facts whiieh havo como
under our own observation. we are
not disinclined to coincide somowhat
in the above propositions, for there
exist two separate and distinct
accounts of important events occur
ring in the recent past-thie state..
inonts of historians of our two soc
tious differing so widely that they
cannot be regarded as treating of
the same thing. If theIC things are
so, there are no texts to be drawn
from the past-no philosophy of
hiftory, which, like other philoso
phie% teaches by example.
The study of history, therefore,
whether for tho purpose of storing
the mind with valuable information,
or with a view to profiting )y tie
good or the ill fortunes of the gene
rations who have precodod us, or for
the still more valuable faculty of
enabling us to judge of the future
by the past, would be, to say the
most for it, a precarious undortak,
ing.
Nor could its study be recoi
mended as offering greator advan
tages for the improvement of style,
and as showving higher specimens of
literary art, than wvorks of fiction,
miany of which are superior in elegant
phraseology to most of the valuable
histories now in existence.
But those who advocate this
theory overlook the common place
through sound maxim, that like
causes produce similar results, which
is true, whether in reference to the
multitudinous emotions of thee boart,
and to the intricate combinations of
the brain, and their influence on
human action; or as to the more
easily understood and satisfactorily
explained lawvs which regulate the
physical anid govern the mechanical.
In all cases where emotions influence
actions, or where physical and
mechanical intricacies exist, satis fad
tory explanation can be had by the
proper study of a fewv of the leading
Itraits of humanity in the one in
stance, and by consulting the rules
of hygiene and the laws of philoso
phy in the other. Theolawvs of nature
must be general and are no respec
ters of persons or of times. Society,
it is true, is ever changing ; the
human race ever progressing ; and
although it is rare that circum
stances combine precisely as in the
past, still, amidst the infinite diver
sity, there are certain general prin-'
oiples of universal application, and
the neglect or observance of which
lias in all ages been attended with
the same results.
Solf.-intorest is to-day the main
spring of human action, has ever
been, will ever be.
Ambition and avarice doom their
millions to destruction and want,
as in the days of Agamnomnon and
of Alexander.
"Alternate follies take the sway,
-Licntious passions burn,"
now, as in the times of Caligula anl
of Nero. It is only necessary, then,
that we shall note the eff'ct of th<
leading traits as incentives to indi
vidual action, and3( through them itm
influence on national character ir
the past, and we are prepared tc
foretell with unerring truth the fat<
of governments in existence to-.day
or that shall be reared hereafter. Il
is not necessary that narrative
should harmonize in .all its minutia
andl details before the truth of histor2
shall be naintained, or Its useftties,
n pi viIg ad~inat the mistakes a
dhe 2fablhod. I doubt voie
much if any such record is in exiE
once, whore all the incidents relate
and the motivos and peculiar chu
actoristics of the individual acto
given, aro correctly rondored ; I
,writors alivo at tho tino of t
transaction are necessarily infl
encod by that universal bias of t
human mind which makes us ovc
estimate tho worth and prowess
favorito horoos, and underval
those opposod to us, whilst t
futuro, truo historian is of cour
dependent upon theso imporf(
rocords for tho substanco of i
book.
Time student who roads tho histo
by the accomplished, incomparal:
Xenophlon, is not conscious, whi
hoaring of the virtues and nobleno
of Cyrus, that in the person of ti
horo are also to be found tho vile
olomonts and traits of the fratricid
of the assassin, and of the ingrai
and yet, nobody quostions the go1
oral correctness of his account
tho Retreat of the Ten Thousan
The roador of Abbott gets quito
different improssion of the characti
of Napoleon from that which is pr<
duced by the perusal of Scott <
Alison; nevertholoss, the stupo
dous occurrences in Europov
history during the eventful opoc
are truthfully given, and Napoleon
a-:;oney and influence properly note
by all. It is enough that cortai
general loading facts transpire
a'vl that material modification <
thought and change in nation
character wero the result. For ii
stance, historical truth will ha
been vindicated, whon writer
agroo that Bibylon was captured U
Cyrus the Great, 538 B. C., and tho
by his high personal traits and supc
rior mental endowments, ho in
prossod himself favorably upon tI
naterial prosperity of his peopl
mal(1 advanced the civilization of hi
day. Thoso propositions being coi
roboramted, captious would be tho il
(ividual who would ass-til the trut
of history by asserting tha!t no cit
cxistcd or was captured. becaums
some of the narrators say that it wq
entred through the bed of ti
Eutphrates, which was divorted fo
this purpose, and others that it wa
taken by the usual modes of ap
>roacl known to the military me
of those days.
Who would be authorized i
(IanyinV that Ty wi Qba .an ftV 1W
takon by the Grooks, becauso he di
not believe in the Homeric versin
of the woodon homo? And yc
vhat substantial difference doesi
mako whethor it was captured in thi
way or any other, if the materif
facts are established that such
city had existod, and fell in cons(
(uenco of war ; and that in it fa
was illustrated the useful, practici
God -givo lesson, that commlunlliti(
sooner or lator will bo held respor
sible for acts of violence and opproi
sion, and for infringements of morn
law. And lot me say here that th
truth of history is at this momm
roceiving high vindication at tl]
hands of Dr. Schliemann, who, by hi
excavations, has proven the existent
of this once famous city about whic
doubt existed in the minds of man;
There is, then, truthful, genuir
history, wvhich, like philosoph;
teaches by example; and Froude wVI
forced to admit, after denying th:
it repeats itself, that one loss(
ought to b)e said to repeat itself ii
distinctness, viz.: that the wvorld
somehow built on moral foundi
dations, and that in the long rur.
is well with the good and ill with ti
wicked. This it teaches beyor
doubt, but there are many oth
and equally valuable lessons wi
which its pages are teeming.
We are toldl that under the poec
ful reign and benign influence
the patronizing divine, August:
the Roman Empire attained
highest eminence in the arts am
sciences, that there was at leasi
seeming restoration of the lan<
marks of that liberty they had ei
joyed in the days of their form
glory, but which had received
dire a stroke at the hands of t
greater Cimaar. The doors of t
temple of Janus were closed afi
having remained open for near ts
centuries, and the fields teemed wi
a superabundance upon every lhar
But a page farther, and Tibori:
his inmmediate successor, appeaa
Note, if please, the sudden chani
in the pictureo: The general low(
ing of the standard of national a:
private character, and the wvavi
resources of state. In speaking
these times, Tytler says that
beciomo negligent of the cares
government, that confusion prevail
in every department of state; ti
the magistracies woero unsupplie
distant provinces were without gr
crnors ; and that the Reman nal
became contemptible. The 01
eiertions of thme imperial power w:
manifested in public executie
confiscations, and thoe most comn;
cated scenes of cruelty- and raping
no inappropriate description
times through which woe have pass
Take the case of Russia un:
Peter the Great. Here was a cot
try boundless in the extent of
barbarism, and known only as1
abode of the most absolute
despotisms, which suddenly, 1
Mlinorva from the brain of Jc
and by' the genis of a singlo ni
leaps to the posit~ion of a proQg
one~ oo mmunity~ and is .rocordec
oncOe a, pefshed ~empir. 4Wor
M~?.* a th Pa u -~sa
it, as it does tho iiport-ico of prop.
d, orly solecting associatos, and of
r individual education and influence,
rs that Romian civilizationi owed its
or advanceeint at this time to Ia vonth..
lie hul Swiss foreigner, who firs-t i'nfused
u- those ideas of improvement into tho
lio mind of the Czar.
r- Thebos owed her greatnoss to two
of of her citizens-Ep:iminondas and
o Pelopidas-and whilst Epam inondas
lie remained her glories continued ; and
so Spartan charactor was alone attri
et butable to the gonius of her singlo
is law-givor, Lycurgus. But comi"
to times moro immediately under
ry otur observation, we find history
IcL still abounding in apposite illustra.
st tions and still prone to repoat itself.
8 Washington assunod the duties
is of the presidential chair at the close
st of one of one of tho most imiportant
o, rebellious of modern timos. Bloody
, fratricidal war, with all its dire
v- influences upon liberty, right and
of morality, had swept tie bosom of
d. this fair country, with varying suc
a coss, for seven long years. Corrup
3r , tion, anarchy and want, concomnit..
)- ants as they ever are of strife,
>r stalked abroad in the land. The
presidential office was no sinocuro,
0 no bed of ros promised that
, repose naturally to bo desired by
. one who had long been subjected to
A the caros and vicissitudes of camp
n1 life. But supported by those high.
1L toned, chivalric traits as 1mcl a(..
>ftiered to in private as they woro
Ll rosplendent in his public cireor, and
which alone constituto true great
e ness, lie, with a patriotism broad
s enough to look to the weal of his
y whole country, and with a desiro
.t only to perpetuate the genius of
civil liberty, ostablishoe real peace,
made the country liappy and con
o tented, and fostored th it material
prosperity which, with tho sword of
is true gonius, he had carved for his
people. And ho is recordyed in his..
tory as a grand soldier, a pro found
h statesmn, and, better still. as a tru
Y gentlomn. Tho tomb of Thescus
e at Athons was at protoction to the
s liberties of the people twelve liun
0 dred years after his death, and in
r like manner will remain forever the
.3 mblo grave at Mount Vernon a
reminder of the halcyon days of the
a American republic, and a beacon to
light up the path of those who shall
a dosire to return to the pristine sin
a 1lot~y nIacl p1tyj. of conmstitutionil
LI liberty. But hoiro LA -
qhift f.n b-ij 1y, by n ordinanco
t more inexorable than the laws of
t the Medes and Persians, is obliged
a to reenact itself. Buffoons, sots and
I political hucksters occupy the chair
a of Washington, and inmediately
- learning and worth give place to
Lj ignorance and infamy ; statesmen
d and patriots are supplanted by dem
ms agognos and partisans ; thieves aro
-- selected to fill positions of state;
i- vilo scoundrels are chosen to wear
il the sacred ermino of the judge ;
e the ancient landmarks of liberty are
Lt ruthlessly obliterated for party
10 plunder, and the worship of God
,s abandoned for tho following of
me Mammon.
h Mon are the most imitativo of
y. creatures, and it is a deep.-seated
Le principle of humanity to hide our
y, own faults behind those in higher
Ls spheres. Can it be wondered at
at then that individual demoralization
~n is rife in the land, and that the dis
1h position to honor the obligation of
is contract is on the wvane in private
t- spheres, when the highest magis..
it trate in the nation holds his office
1o by bare-faced fraud, and when chief
td ministers of government steal and
er plunder with impunity? Muddy the
bh heads of your streams and you inva
riably have filthy, turbid water ;
0- demoralize your citizen and you
of lowver the standard of public opinion,
ts, and national degradation ensues as
ta inevitably as night follows day.
Ld Here under our own eyes and in
a our own country history has ire.
1- peated itself. We note it not in
- anger but in sorrowv, and allude to
or it in no improper spirit of political
so criticism, but solely as to logitimate
be historical data illustrating a case in
lbe point. Like the Roman under Tib
er rius, the American name has become
yo contemptible--the synonym of op
th pression and a by.word of reproach.
di. Our government, no longer founded
is, on the consent of the governed and
e's. built upon the cornerstones of lib
go erty, equality, fraternity and hion
mrs esty, but distorted by thme evil genius
ad of a few of its rulers and nimiisters
ng into thme meanest of despotisms,
of lhke the fabric of Dyonisius of Syra..
ho case, loans for support upon the
of arms of its soldiery.
ad It is comforting to know that
at when the eventful career wvhich has
d ; marked this republic from its incep
>v- tion to the present moment, shall
nio be written by the unbiased, unpreju
ily diced historian of the future, whc
are has calmly looked back up the stream
ns, of time, and, separating the gol1
ill., from thme dross, has noted its tru<
-history, no single instance will ap.
of pear whore the people of this see
ed. tion have ever violated one nationa'
1er compact, or have been false to th(
in, teachings of the fathers of the coun.
its try, or untrue to the principles o
bhie constitutional liberty. No, my young
of friends, these admissions will b<
ike mado, .and the additional fact re.
ve,' corded,'that so long as woero hoedo<
an, the veices of ,her statesmen, and si
er. long as was felt the inOueneo of he
at ptiots, in the nationalOouncls, -9a
bh' 11ng (1i sheo maintai h#g an4
Ik hoandable emnitiol mozienthe nn
tions of the carth. It will bo writ
ton in charactors of bliniished gold,
and will bo studied a myriad of con
turies houce, with more avidity than
marked tho efIorts to docipoher
Egyptian hioroglyphics, or to com..
prelend tho true philosophy of Ro
man or Grecian history. For like
these, it will furnish cumulativo
testimony of tho fact that govorn
monts are destroyed,libortios ruined,
and civilization arrostod wherever
and whenevor vilo rulers and profli
gato imatjorities disregard tho rights
and liborties of a conservative, sen..
tiimental minority.
But to enjoy continuod immunity
under this head, it mu' also appea'r
that you have mado diligent, per.
sistOnt use of thoso JMealls which
his'tory points out for thero domp
tion of liberty, and for the restora..
tion of civilization. Recollect that
you havo no country but this ; it is
ours by right of corkquest and by
inhoritanco. Thero is no spot upon
the surface of its broad green fiolds
which is not illustrious by tho dods
of a common ancestry, that is not
hallowed by the si 'limo associations
of a common past.
No people without a country have
ever enacted high and honorablo
history, nono without fixed places
of abode havo uvor transmitted rog
ulated liberties and maiterial pros
pority to their descendants. With
nations as with individuals love of
country distinguishes the settled
stable commonwealih from nomadic
tribos, and the Christian gentlenman
from the profligate vagabond ; and
next to love of God, most dignifies
and onn1obles huiian charac ter, and
purifies and cxpands the souls of
"When the wicked rule the p)3plo
mourn, is a maxim from the oldest
and truest history which has ever
been written, and it has descondod
through all subsoquent times with..
out variation or alteration, even to
our own (lay. The head of ia nation,
liko the father of a family, must
mako his impress upon the humblest
citizen and wield influenco over the
youngest memnibor.
But closely in connection with
this subject, and equally well an
thentica ted, is another lesson worthy
'of attention. It was in the month of
July, 1625, whno' Charles I., with his
ighlted-hearted French bride, sailed
cendedl a throne with I) O~oppor.
tunities for onacting high and lion
orablo history ; none with better
chances for advancing sicilco and
civilization and the material pros.
pority of his people.
Tho condition of the English na.
tion at this timei was peculiarly
favorablo; the times espeially aRus..
picious, for the impress of that high
order of scientific education, and
refined, elegant, cultivated civiliz"
tion, which, it is claimed, is the
natural inheritance of all we:lthy
com -muniitics. But ho was imbued
with the writings and teachings of
his father upon the divine right of
kings, and was peculiarly unfortu.
nato in the selection of his associ -
ates, wrho upheld him in thoso opin
ions with a bigotry alike disastrous
to their mnastor', and ruinous to
themselves; and we are not sur..
prised to see him indisposed to
grant those reasonable guarantees
demanded by the people. At first
murmiurings are heard, next we see
recourse by John Hampden to the
civil process, and then a torrent of
publlic indignation-and tile fine
prospects and good opportunities of
Charles end upon the scaffold.
In the spring of 1794, Rlobespierre
was the most powecrful. man in
France. Intoxicatedl with ideas of
his Own importance, and inflated
with plans for further personal ag
grandizement, ho wvas already plan,.
ning the destruction of tall opp~osed
to him, and wit,hout oea the misor
able subterfuges of par'tisanl judges,
packed juries and suborned wit
nesses, was spilling tihe best blood
of the land wvith ruthless, reckless
hand. But here also is an historical
pause ; then. reaction sets in ; the
people awake as from a hideous
dream; Robespierro's head falls into
tihe basket; the reign of terror is
over, and France is freo.
These illustrations, interspersed
as they are through history from
its earliest date to the p~rosent me
mont, teach us, and are intended to
teach us, that governments are inca
pable of self-imuprovemnent, and that
a people should be vigilant and solf..
reliant. How curious to note the
seeming impossibility towvards re
formation encountered by despots
wvho have trifled with tile liblerties
and rights of a nation ; but how
consoling to knowv that there is over
that property in the breasts of the
masses, which sooner or later revolts
at injustice and oppression, and
wvelling upl from the groat heart of n
peoplo. sometimes assumes the 1ro0
p)ortions of a umighity, angry tidal
wvavo, wvhich swoops over all opp)osi*
tion, and through. fire and A swvord
restores the rights of manhood and
the blessings of .liberty. AL othem
times, like the veins of pure wvatoi
percolating tho substra- of th<
e arth, it permonates an~d purifies th<
hearts of the citizens and bringn
about that mild buitto :less eflon
> oous remel)dy known 'as peacefui
tovohition. Now' condense. thb'tw<
> rincipal lessom~r taught i.dhp fog'f
1.gi~ urinni we arnonnthin6tA n
honorablo or debased, just as tho
good or bad qualitiOs of their rulors
proponderato; and second, that all
moans of oscapo from the ills of
misrule are alone centered in the
poplo thomselvos. To mao prac
tical application of those lessons for
the good of the country, will bo
certainly a praisoworthy undortak
ing. Assuming, then, as a fact
which n1oods no argument, that in
proportion as the excollencies of a
peoplo propondoratO, that is, where
principlo and moral worth outweigh
sordidnoss and what is known as
businoss shrowduess, and whero
sentiment is adhored to oven.at the
exponso of dollars and cents, so are
tho facilities for rekindling the
watch-fires of liberty increased, and
tho probabilities of arousing slum
I boring patriotism enhanced. Pocn
liarly pertinent at this point come
the inquiries: Are wo pursu'ng the
course which loads in this direction?
Are we, as a people, with honest,
stoady purposo, cultivating thoso
attributes of tio heart and mind I
which can alone lift this (b coi.
monwealth from tho miro ii, which
sho has settled'? Or are wo, liko the
worshippers of Baal at Tyro, oblivi
ous of the fact that the cursos which
doomed her to destruct ion still hang
like. the sword of Danocles over
all countries which persistently vio i
lato moral law '? i
"Put money in your purse, say
the politicians who have usurped
the places of statesmnn ; and they
illustrate by examplo, ats well as
teach by paraitblo.
"Put money in your purso," reit- i
(rato the lpopular lecturers of the
day. "Put money in your purs-,"
e(ho11) and re- echo tho newspapers of
tho nation ; cultivate more of Yan -
kee thrift and economy, repair pri
vate fortunes and build up wasto N
planos of the country. C
"Put flme.y in Your purse," said
Ingo to Roderigo, fittest counsellor
for such advice. Yes, in season andI
out of season, by any means and by
all means, put monmey in your purso;
conciliate unroasonal o public opin- !
ion. and leave to time and to Hor
cnlos tho removal of the burdon
which has crushed tho last vestige
of constitutional liberty, and which
to-day is athwart their path of
moral progross, and bars the ad. c
vancenot of civilization itself. .1
iu f;r _11p to encourage
0-lifulness, to advin J.? ? . of
beyond your moans, to say one word i
against the dignity of manual labr,
or to sneer at Yankee thrift and in- f
dustry; for, in somo rospects, it has a
had marked influence for good in the V
history of this nation.
But I say that history doon not
point to any of those propositions
its calculated to rodeem lost liberty 1
Md establish the rights of an op- x
pressed people. I here entor my I
protest, and conjure you, my young
friends, to guard religiously against
the adoption of any such vile dog
mas. Humanity needs no incentive
to adopt vices, to the neglect of
virtues. Better restrain this allur.
ing, demoralizing propensity and
cultivate those higher, holier, moro
chivalric qualities of the heart, wvhich
enable a pole to rise sup~erior to
adversitios, and standing fixed and
immovable upon01 eternal truth and .
principle, awvait that recompense I
which the God of history has in store I
for all who act thus.
Tihe Spartans wore longor a prose
p)orous people tihan nmost of to
states of antiqluity, and the denmor.
olization and ruin of its subjetiVs <
wvore only possible after Lysander
had brought homo the spoils of
Athens.
Tihe liberties of Greece were never
seriously ilmpairod, nor hter glories
farever dimmed, until the plunder
in tihe camp of Mardonius upon the
plains of Platea had boon divided
amon gst Iter soldiery. Inevitable
ruin and disgrace comleto were
niowborio foreshadowved upon tihe
pages of Romtanl history unltil her
Eastern spoils and its enervating
luxurious mtanner had Vain ted the
manhood of hor citizons5 and cor
ruipted the principlos of her states..
Tile god of rices was painted
blind, that we mighmt be taught that
there was little of foresight and loss
of merit necessary for to accumu
lation of wvealth, and with wings,
that the transient, evanescent ad,.
vantages of its possession might be
im prossed upon01 us.
HIow far below the regnirements
of history do we fall when we waste
our time and enorgies in to pursuit
of a bawbio which neither imp~lroves
morality nor inculcates true chari ty,
nor enjoins a olhivalric bearing, but
makes men more prone to endure
te ills of dospotism, lost, by agita..
tion, the value of property may be
imtpairod. Like the civilization ro
forrod to by Chamnnng, ours is chalr,
actorizod anld tainted by a devouring
greediness for wvoaltht, and a passion
for gain, which is everywhere sap..
ping pure and generous feelings,'
and risinlg up bitter foos aginst
anly reform which may thtreaten to
turn aside to stroam of wealth..
"He that mtakcoth haste to be rich
shall not be innocent," sauid a wvritor
of antIquity, whlo, by study of hui..
mnanity and by observationl of the
affaira~ of nations, as .well as by
Divinagraco, was well qutalified to
d'llivev an 'opinio~ .ah&, y'piritual
g'onsidered, is inmortg.l, and namy b4
l -g toao .d frodo)1e :
hereafter; but govornmeits are mor
tal, and must answer in the present
for acts of opprossioi ann for in
fringemonts of moral hav. Honet
may bo witussed now the bittoi
strifo of faction, and bo soon now thc
fungoid growth of luxury, and felt
the opprCssions of accumulated pri -
vato Wealth, which, with tiho general
prolligacy of tho times, ats well as
the marked disposition to depart
from what old-fashioned people
would call the Ood-fearing course of
the fathors of the republic, have in
idl oras, and in every land, bei
truthfuli fearful augury of a nation's
dest ructioin.
Theromnro highor andt holior dutic.o
ror you, ovon than the important
ind not dislionorablo attempts to
repair private fortunes mid build up
wasto places in the laud. Upon yon
vho havo renon tly attain ed mn11n1's
.-tate, Who have a lssumed~l the tor (I
bNdi'i., niild who tire sool to be t he
iipa11 contestantls to the palm in
he political areia, and fihe chiefa spi
-anis for the ihvoi of, (he lh-klo I )od
toss in the hattle of liti', devolve peuli
iar respolsibilitics. Beinig youniiger,
.on rt.( of couiSe mor plian, n111d 2ro
letter able to adapt, youl Ives (4) t hat.
iW or'der of thiis. whicIeivh tlhe exigener
>W the times deinaids, anid which iil
'nablo you to(4) miiore Iloroighly idilen
it'V voturselves inl lhe reidlel I ing of
blic thought, and inl the reit'ea
iolt of Society, both of whi 'el e'C 11W
n a tran silion state.
You have a countrv t tave, : Civili
aItioni to re-establish, and honorable,
Qeneral history to enl:acilt ani tiralisit,
o those whIto wvill coime a(ller you. An1d
chargl-e you, see lo if 11hat the reptilla
ion of t(e Sout.hi, i of, this ohl Sl at"
11 partiunlar, sllf'rs lit) deiri mienit at.
-()llr 11and; see to it 1I1. voh t o rztasllmit
lioe (livalric sent i IiciI,; an11d untar
lislhd rephu1.11iosl'or 6wpalc'iolisli and
onesv of charact (' which have ever
,t I lched to I e public. and livate get
lemten of your scelionl, tinld which.
ri oitt. spot or bleimish, are yom'
ommon inlhiritinei to-day.
Within It. gallkhoy ofl her servait
riho have attriiornd thev hiktory of lie'se
Ites o.u)1 will tild the gran ile'l speci
ells of o thi parl iotic soldilr o lIoihu
oil oi to gdory.
''lhe m ost 1 gified of oralors and pro
juliest of staesmen bid von hirnt
vpulIaionl by th' path, whichl It'll ithem
) 1a. Ilil, hll b e t er in even I liese,
oil ar- fuilrnished with m, p1rtfe spe
lietl of the chivalrie, true gienlemn,
.hich, next to (G'od's last, best giri
vely virtltnous woman--has 1nos8.ex
ited the admiration of tIe world, auti
nu nIaowhm lbouo U'nano1u A n the
obility or Enhigland.
Let. thlose sn1eer ait thlt chivah'r- who
booelip~. Ilistory fm-nishr(s h I-.et
hie 'worbd unt1il thle adtit(ie,1 <hi0 ip 11
zrenit orders of kniIgl s, wheni lovelv
elical.e woifiai Oen''.d to I. regrreled
s a bea.st of hnirideni, an(d w en tle
dow and Orphanl i coul, for the ficl
line, command a cAinipion iit every
itd. 1ls inthiences .re felIt evenl iii
his uiseitimlal day, and the lessen
n1gr liumbelrs or ifs devote.e deplored
lv Imore thlui one INortern papr
ehich has admitted that%(n1111 nf1111isi 4on of'
hie Southiern1 chivalrv\ into thle colin
ils of' lit natioll 1 s:k 'l l eedld.
Cultivit( t10 graceis of 'he mind alnlId
he virties of Ihe hearl. 'I lie ze nee
runiuing, tratiniin g a id deTIe, syseilatie
illago; but, it is a ii iii ple or imtre
hat noxious weeds and vile trnaits a.%re
pontanleous' productienls, and floiIshI
vithout cuilture.
.Secu re first the r'ighits and privileges
hi' politicail e3jitii ly, mand~ Ile b lessuinlgs
iif conit n11111nal0 libierfy. 'h'lhee bege'It
hose c.ommelindalble but secontdary cont
unes0 andi~ of' r'ebuildinig theo wasto
>laceOs of y'our countrv.
Toc this 'mioutt city, wilh its pure
ti anid liberty-tosterhiig seery, be
onigs the hionor o1 haivinig ltwoduiced
he( lirst nob1l1 Romian, who, like Ca~mto(
>f old, appalled at the depart in: glories.
if' his country, (led aloudl agaliist. lie.
mnormnit.ies ot' ltconstruel ion , anid by
lie eflorts of h18i tenichati, pa11iit ic
l(en, r'ekinidled3, Ii Pst, the ancin lires
>if lieirty in the hearts of our pe'ople,
vh'lich w'as sure hilstoic~ilalhrinlger of'
,'our' State. siudccss in I1876, I thank
*0od that you, sir, [turnuing to G~ov
3r'nor Perry] aire sill spar'ed to your'
peole, Th'Iere is encoiuragement hiere
for ren'uewed elli li behalf* of our'
tion otf thle f'ore of individual charac
ter, even in dl eterininug the alliris of
States and niationis.
ReadI( miicienit history, that you may
learn wilsdom and profit by. the miis
hakesq of the past, and study modern
history, that you many acquiainlt your
solves wvith the hionoralde recoirds oft
y'ouri hnme11diali t ace'sl.ry, and1( therch01y
necertaining t he miaterhiil of which vou
are' c3omlposed, heC st iinulatied~ to greter3i
exertionis in behalf of civil liberly,
nnid for the pec)''ltlin of hiunmn hap
ins. F~ormu for yourselves opinions11
based upon hiist~orical pre'(cedent, and(
express themm b)oldly, andio without tiny
regaird. for thie cmondati on of' exacting,
unrl'iesonaltho, hiypocril tca senthinenit
ainywvheor. Jiahd the expotunders of
that, gr'eatest of histories bnen liflu
eniced by conisideraitionis of t his charac
(er, there wvould be little of liberty and
less of religion in thme wvorld to-day.
lBe sober, ba) hoinost., 1)0 industrious,
be fruigal, The true, chivalric knight
vowett1 to defend( tihe church, to succor
dlefenclessB wvoman, to) prte(ct the
id~ovwin orphan, andl to practic,
especkill, the virt ues of truth and
3ourPc~I- qual ities which, athiouigh
unmpr'actised ,uniiappreciatted~ un reward
cdl by those wholo 0 shapmgit 1 tthds.
hinis of thils country to-day, have ever
in the histories of the dairkestag,
and amonigst. people the most uncivil
17zed, most adorned1 pivate ceharactor,
and most ennioled~ nationial r'eput ti~on.
With theolincreasing cares and1( re
sponsblltoe, wvhich are theo mrost con
stant accomnimelntuis of man's estaito
and in vlowv of the additional tempta
tionsto whuiqh you wvIll be subljectedl i
these mateOrIadsLt imos, I 'doom Il'
ominently a proprto that you sl id
again apprfc l)aeo
with hantf iilar4 Witft Qiahr
iallPflts~ For lit)iglit lVIilW 01O(l,
Aaiig iet edl VOupel~~ - agVS fil It
p('. S'bl or 111(1 s4(idiiw-. of, huiuiual
1,01(11 thf! %,OVI to liNe .401 .( . C, y
1 oil )ry, al101 voill l'vignids, and1( espe.
via1l lv (4) (oiilihim (-le lt0 2 stdft;8 (2( , ilk
the' jfpracive (IC the viihI4!l.; ot' IPill 1121111
Iir (av1.11 lied yue1V8For nut iii *
(1(i)2II ill (114'. l)Llcefill A11-1111, shiould
Owli ( 1)11 of Ihistorv votiv11 sn1.tu (Illiet
de~l i vel l~ice to Ailiioaill Iieirty, oi
Col. iosi iloll illiille tenut (fields, 18 Wich
1it. will be( vot Sacr10ed (ltv to eliter
w ii i litep-iiv, Sh110111114 ll lk18*IltWIv
It.11( Nvis'Ioi 1121l11P(3e 21101(liit byV fiIo
11(14 2C84 of LN P alillilcal, iliiiiittuld grov
eviiontii. or if clie diay or* rectiiiiiig
J1h81az 1 (10l IUUl'-re to g-iiCPrat-i0118 NvIito
.Illl co1ic 02 eyw, .11111 Will 3-041 114-4%-"
providd yourwives ii ill t.II(3. re
I q1irC111its, bothI of livild uIIIl heart.,
whichl are iieees.Alry to0 comlete that1
grandI~est tN1)i of, IItIIIzII-a porite1bilitv
-a1 Sothili gpilielliali ofth le olit
I 3211100. '.'it trt, it. 8(P13,02 111)1. 0111.
Ido yonl, q,;lOw Iled2( of*it 21 , aialicate Or
as. it Iinellibl) ol' hol)1)1( P2I12.r, to Itoquiro
vl.' wealth1 fliid f1Ire its8 it miillIinaire,
but it, will 11ot. preVellL yoiur livillg.
honlorable, Itisotl Ii V0, 1111( inig
lair.'el, oC, thIat t reast 11.4 whlicoli depos
lied ill aveol-dale w ith thIe direc2tions1
or jistorv, wvill not. 1)(, liale (o 4.11(3i
(oPPri! pt 11)11 otv iC eI er 1It0 l. rus8t, and1
apL-aiiisl which the iroat(Li of tliieve8i
(INC.111 TUJ(XEfl'.N S (TiPtICS
1 1.i)qjg Tiiiie-__A Itogits Greecai~ik
.1.ks:illN2 xele .1-a oiii he reel-.Vo 8C PI
lbIc'r 211 11I 'g(l 0w Pg2Iiol lIe ( It',1
11.1kp, bv IdIH144 i I he Capion ital.ic
Whylit 141 puili:-hi110 0102 11 it.118 l-.
)d(0 troig ll Iiin ill it oP 24s future,
~p(Plliie' . 'Il'll. whyv ol the orwgitn, Iow
evviP, k8 I'ehll~d inl it (':1pt111,11~i. will Im
Imb111,1 i. I d livre 4 o-Inlori-m by. Coll
~r(8I I11 I.IiriiI, heii -V. .1.1 y A. W S l
(; I -n, .11110 2-1.-_- ledllo' ot' t111
ID"n /qon I o.. I)c PSr My
24Iillioll NWOS dra2wnI t4) ll 2iPliCC fit
(Ilie Ips t, his IIOIPIIIl 11 1l1-por)E)lir to
ai 21112ICoIIII. (W an1 ilii (21iew' 1)0
I weeii Ili. Jal~v A. 111 1)i l- 11, ot'Michii
--wi 21( 1I~h" las I::. 511 ldalV, ill (ilk
I l e 1118( R1 1 . )P3'it 141 , :IS 11111" R1 it 1)11
Il0i . i11 to the 1I1lhlit. (without al1t
law11ity flriIl hid) I (1l'.ir PC to coITOI't
80111(3 ~ ~ il fill-'iI;Ijd arl ( 2Pieh(3. .1
N.18 (()II1iil" Iromi thle fi ooiii, al11.4 )
I IV:111 pall.r I lie IepOllIilc21) Side ot,
paelie liskt'd ine' I I Ikniew th lr
I(3 li1Q1ibl. 10111i. 1 lo remalirked1
t11at4 ho0 was'2 reiilri 11b, li rel t
or val luile SePI'ievs ill ()lio and4
I lil 11(ckv ; 111214. lielt~s hat tellumdl (1I(I
C0 I l III it 0111io, alld( was NMStIl
I lill 1 )eioll(;2.(1t I'WIl.)1'on S ho utu
1I hA he was senldil. th lousanIds of, Ilk.
pjels 111) io KentIucky V 111 Ohlio, iiitk
lug 1 :I(IS 1ll(,14. (li0 ,.eiorh jI )1P1
2111( (11)2" hI3Z11 Inich it'roodI. It0 -aid(:
I' We(~ are 2lill-rl IliiIi n(1( it. requIires a
! dOO(1 (l( * 1(-Ililiv , 2111( I wvould1 liko
%O~l I o, 11e ( lit id." I ooke athim
whitht Avtlthei~ 2111(1 ' 112101) el. lin
pliiivd r e OrI o(1 211(W vIl~ke pockl. 1111
hIer oei tIm lie gelil. 0111 lookdtii, him 1
ith noprs Id lld ho he no18 (opl ali
iitke iglWl( to8( ta y, 1111( 1 lt~ell 1iiii

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