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THE LOST HUERS.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCENES AT THE
NANTICOKE COAL MINE.*
The Face of a Culm Itank?TTorola
Ecscucrs Digging Upon Their Hands
and Knees?Generosity ol
Wilkksbahrr, Pa., Jan. G.?There were
moro heavy hearts in and about tbe town of
NanUcoke, Pa., during the past holidays
than porhap.; in all tho Unite.! States l>'sides.
A prosp- iou^ place it is, to.?. It is iq the
heart of the authracito mming district of the
Wyoming vnliey, nine miles from hero. The
underground veins which furnish if-- industry
are tho properly of the Pennvj-Ivimia Coal
company. This company does not belou;; to
the coal owners' combination, but operates
its shafts it; own way. Consequently, when
the geaend asro':intioa orders mines to stop
work on act-patr of low prices, the .Pennsyl
vania piys u<; heed, but continues* to blast
out ami bring to light its bleck treasure* tho
year around without stopping. It is a good
company to work for. Cash circulate con
stantly in Nnnticoko; trades is lively, and the
people are happy, as only busy por>ons can
be. They give work to 0.000 men and boys.
These turn, out daily -S5,'UX> Tons of coal ^
The men employed are of nil nationalities,
but mostly of foreign birth, Irish, Welsh,
Poles and Hungarians The scene near the
month o'.' No. I slope, the day of the acci
dent, was like this ic the picture.
The illustration shows what is called the
fan hmiM Tin? giaat engine in tho fan
house worked nwny as though it was n mat
ter of iif'> and death, the steam pipe outside
puffed merrily, and the great pile of culm
was added to hourly.
And it wok culm that caused the accident
What is it? It U tho dnst and refute from
cool It Ls piled high about all the mines.
It is blown hither and thither by the winds,
the rain wets it. and it sogs down Into grimy
mud, blackening like ink all that touchos it.
Day by day it accumulates the longer mines
are worked, until mico owners ore at
their wits end what to do with it. It
become* in time not only au. inconven
ience, but a danger. A man has
haven -jed lately, it is said, a process for mak
ing fuel very cheaply out of culm. It is
made into u mixture and pressed, and in this
state is said to ~ivo out just, the steady, in
tensei heat that Ls best adapted for heating,
tho waler in steamboat boders. If this be
true, then a great nuisance will be got rid of.
But the Pennsylvania company had found
uo way of disposing of their culm. Tboy
had dug coal aiid shipped it till their refuse
pilo was a hili 300 feet high nnd covered
thirty acres. It Mas upon a field of swampy
ground, over an abandoned portion ?f tho
niina The water stood in puddlos under,
ihe'eulm, and inado channols through it, and
trickled into tho ground boneaUi, till all be
eamo a'slipjvry. treacherous mass.
At 10 o'clock ibe day of tho accident a
miner was blasting out rock in a vein of No.
1 slope. I' madoa tromcudom crash, heavier
tlian usual, immediately thereafter water
andoerth beg;m to pour upon tho hapless
"Save yourselves! Run for your lives!"
was the word passed.
The miners sprang out in frantic hasto, but
tho water i oured iu in torrents. The main
gangway is called tho "slope," and it was
this the m'ners aimed to reach. Most of
them escaped and wore drawn out, although
the water was up tho nocks of the lost.
Wheu tho terrified hundreds gathered
above ground, twenty-six hapless souls were
missing. Ten were Poles and Hungarians;
tho others mostly Welsh and Irish Ono
thought seized every human croafuto in Nun
ticoka The lost men must be rescued. Thore
were tho ttugar Notch miners buried by a
cave-in in l^SO. They were prisoned in a
mine six days, and yot overv man of thorn
was takou out alive. To work, .hen, to work
v.ith despsrate onergyl
Tho company offered every inducement In
its power. Tho workmon stopped in all the
mines. They would
not go on and labor
as though nothing
might bo dead or
dying in agony un
der ground. Ono
hundred of the
strongest men went
dowu to dig out a
they worked yon
seo in the picture.
They sought to
make only a tunnel
so largo ns a man
DIGGING 7ite PASSAGE, might Crawl
through. Moro would waste precious time.
They gathered up trowelfulls of tho black
mud and filled buckets with it, crouching
upon their hands and knees. When a bucket
was full it was passed from man to man till
it was carried to tho outer pass-age. Such
work seemed puny child's play, for there
wero 250 feet of culm abovo them. But it
was all that could be done.
Pumps wero rigged at once, aDd set work
ing to get the wntor out. "When one squad
of men wero tired, a fresh rclaj- took their
place.--. Night ami day they kept at it, iron
sinewed, determined miners. Bulletins were
scut out constantly i > tho thousands who
were gathered about tho mouth of tho mine.
"In twe;:ty-four hours wo shall reach
them, and we thin!; they are alive."'
Again: "By 7 to morrow morning wo
sbaiJ have them dead or alive."
The day? went on. Some mules that had
i iu (. ">' of the shaft.* were found, alive.
That renewed flagging hope. But presently
there was a trace of tire damp in the low,
slimy tunnel. Experienced miners shook
their head*. "They are choked to death,
God have mercy on their souL! They might
Lave lived o:i mule meat a good while, but if
the air was cut off they died at once."
It began to look* hopeless. . The terrific
anxiety told on tho friends outside, A young
woman, Maggie Sorper. bad two brothers,
strong young men, among the lost one-:. Sh?
! was nervous and excitable, and the- shock
! killer! her. Tho parcuts were very old. The
j white-haired father hovered like n ghost
about the ill-fated mine, wringing his hands.
"I've got two as good boys as evor lived
dead iD that mine, and as good n girl as a
father over had lying dead at home, but the
will of Rod b;*-done," he said.
It n-as very pitiful Tho accident occurred
on Friday. Monday another tremendous
culm slide took place. It fell iuto and filled
completely the narrow, painful passage al
ready cid. out Every way of communicat
ing ?Will the imprisoned men had !,eeu tried,
if, perehnnco, they were yet alive. An iron
pipe ran through tho chambers. The rescuers
tried knocking on this, knowing that the
sound, would .penetrate-to the farthest re-.;
cesses. Hut it; was never answered. When
the second landslide- took place all hope
ended. The uien were given up f r surely
dead. Tho rescuers made a rush to eseapo
with (heir own'lives, ,
Then they took thought how the bodies
might. be obtained.' The coal company
offered a reward of $100 for the first body
what it looks like wow.
Sevonteen widows and fifty-two orphans
were mode by the disaster. A subscription
has boon started to send the helpless ones
back to tho old country. Since the con
ditions of life there ure far harder than
here, this plan, to a humane person, looks
tolerably tough. What will become of them
then? One of the dead men was a young
Pole who had only been married the Sunday
before tho disaster. He had saved $900 of
his earnings. With this he bought a house
and took his brido homo to it.
This is ono of the saddest minri disasters in
history. Even hope of rescuing the bodies
is aliout abandoned. They must probably
lie beneath the culm bank till tho end of
time. Rather strangely tho flow of culm
and debris still continues, in a slow dull
stream, like the curreut of lava on Mt Ve
suvius. AI ovo ground, it has the appearance
of a sink hole in the earth. The yawning
opening rcpresontod in the illustration is 150
fpot wide. It is in tho center of tho culm
"What next? Tho pile of debris Is so great
that th?y say it would tako a year to exca
vate tho dirt, and then there would 1.0 no
certainty of finding the remains. Tho men
were known to te at work in a certain
chamber when the vault felL That chamber
was reached after a few days' digging, but
th*y were not there. They must, have tried
to escape with the rest and been over
wbnlmod and strangled by the deluge of
black mud In the passage ways.
The company proposo to cease digging,
wall in tho dangerous mine, and erect a
monument on the spot to the memory of
the lost miliers. Thon they will- divide
$40,000 among the bereft families. To con
tinue digging would certainly cost a year's
work, and $200,000. Tho rest of the miners
have returned to their other work in the
So tho tragedy ends, and one of the
darkest leaves of tho year 1SS5 has been
turned down. A. J. BoTHWELL. -
Tho Chess Match.
Sincopoor Paul Morphy lost his wits at
chess America has had no great champion.
Morphy is yet alive, residing at .Now Or
leans, a mental wreck\ nVonco' a* monument
and a warning of what inordinate chess
playing will make of a man.
The- clujssi^urnmneut now "-going .on hi
New Yorfcfefor the ~ ?? - y-^fe^-- ? V
tho world. It be
Jan. C, and will con
tinue until one or
the other of the two.
player--, whose por- wfa
traits here appear, W
shali have won tea \A
games. Mr. Stc-iu
itz is ostensibly the
American* chain-. .William steisttz.
pion, but It is trot necessary to spell out Iiis
name in order to discover that he is a Gor
man. His strong round face shows that Ho
claims to be qulte'flVo games ahead of hi;
opponent on the total past record.
Tho first four games aro to bo played in
New York. Then th? two chess ginats will
move to St. Louis, and play at tho rooms of
the St, Louis club, til! several more ^ames
aro won. Tho match will be finished in Now
Like everything elso in theso days, tho
tournament involves betting nn.l gambling
on the results. It is a money-making schema
A stake of $2,000 a sido has been put up.
The winner will got $5,200. It is .nothing
like ns much as a champion prize fighter can
win, but chess beiug an intellectual game,
that of course is not to be expected.
Mr. Zuckertort is tho champion player of
Great Britain. He is a pale, intellectual
looking person, far
more tho ideal chess
playor in appear
ance tho- Steinitz;
but ho also looks
like a man who
would worry over
choss nights and
^ finally break down
! under nervous pros
[tratioii. Mr. Stein
1 itz bos a deop chest
and hearty animal
J. n. zuckertort. vitality. -Zucker
tort, too, is of German extraction, which is
rather odd. Are Germans tho best chess
There ho3 been what the lamented Ar te
rn us Ward would call a "late onpleasant
ness" between tho two men, but it is over
now, end thoy claim to bo the best of friends,
Tho sporting gentry ore making betting
books on the game as if it was a horse race.
Tho champions play in public, and tho "gate
money" is largely counted on. There is no
brass bond accompaniment as far as they
have got. but ono don't know what may
happen before tho game is ended.
This, playing in public and being stored at
liken fat ex nt n prize show must have a
soothing effect on the nerves, and tend to
make them do their best.
They play on alternate days, four hours in
the afternoon and four at night. In cv.wz a
i:c is not finished nt night it will bo left
over and concluded next day. If there is a tie
nine ga::i's the match is to be withdrawn
At the opening each player was required to
make thirty moves hi tho first two hours,
after that not less than fifteen moves an
hour. After every move it is reproduced ex
actly out in the crowd upon a big ches<
board four feet square, so that spectator*
may watch tho game.
BROCADE-MAKER FOR THE MIKADO.
"Buhamah's" Peep at the Koyal Fabrica
of Japan?Costly Garmciits.
The establishmeut of Riozo Kobayashi,
brocade-maker to the imperial court, was |
saved for the. last, aud after a whirl |
through some of the Nlsbijin streets, we j
gladly entered the shade of his doorway'
and crossed to the inner room opeubig on
a tiny garden. Leather cushions were
Laid on the floor, and we sat In a stocking
footed groop, as at Datcyasuke's, admir
ing the "dry garden," as they call all these
little beauty spots that are without the
miniature lake. Stone lanterns and
dwarf pine trees beautified this garden,
and the little galleries of the toylike, house
surrounding it were hung with beauti
fully painted silk lanterns. After the tea
came; the books of brocades and silks man
ufactured at different times for. the use of
the imperial families and the.court.
The gorgeousness of some of the fabrics
fairly "excited us, and the blazing red
brocades, stiff with pure gold thread and
covered with huge designs of the imperial
chrysanthemum of the paulo'wnia crest'
of the mikado's family, most delighted
Our republican souls. Superb brocades
were pointed out, of which the mikadoks
ceremonial dresses had been made at'dif
ferent times, and others that were idfij? J
signed and ordered by the en.'.press forher
sovereign attiro. SsVeral of these bro
c/lz" for""the empress were of a pure
golden yellow woven with many
gold threads, and one of them in
particular was half covered with a design
of fine bamboos that was most effective
on the shimmering, sunshiny* ground-'
work. The stiff and costly brocades that
bear the imperial crest can uot be innde
for or sold to any one outside of the reign
ing family, and pieceB for upholstering
their furniture, for window draperies and
carriage linings are as carefully made
and guarded as bank note paper. Squares
of the thickest red silk, wrought with a
single gold chrysanthemum, are made
for the use of the foreign office as cases
for the credentials of envoys sent to other
Rolls of the finest white silk were next
Bhown, of which the mikado's under
garments are made, and as this "Son of
Heaven" never wears a garment twice nor
never one that has been washed, he
naturally consumes a great deal of this
fine soft silk. His cast-off garments are
eugerly competed for by loya 1 subjects,
and the silk that has once touched the
imperial person is treasured as the
choicest of a fortunate family's pos
sessions. Roll after roll of other
silks and brocades were shown us,
flaming silks covered with Luge peonies
or fine maple leaves, or alive with circles
of writh*. g dragons, all of which could
be mode .ad brought by tho outeide mill
ions if they desired. Some of these gold
thread brocades were amazingly cheap
considering the weight of pure silk and
first quality bullion thread employed and
the hand labor, yet some of the most ex
pensive pieces without gold threads were
not so effective or desirable as decorative
silks as the cheapest stud's ground out of
the Paterson mills by the mile every day.
?Japan Cor. Globe-Democrat.
Statistics About European Savlnge Hanks.
A French periodical lately gave some
remarkable statistics, concerning savings
banks. - Fifteen European states, with a
population of 192,000,000, are. included in
the statement. Since 1874 the progress
made by savings banks in ^hesc countries
has been astonishing. The institutions
date from 1817, England being their birth
It took fifty-seven years between 1817
and 1874 to arrive at an aggregate of 12,
OoO.OOO depositors, possessing among them
81,440,000,000. Withiu the next four years
the depositors had increased to 15,000,000,
and the stock of savings to $1,880,000,000.
This had increased in 1882 to. upward'of
21,250,000 depositors and $2;520,000,000. A
novel feature pi'the system'in France Is
the school. sayings' bnuks introduced In
1874; of which there are now 23,000. These
institutions'not only lead children to be
come prudent, but have a' reflex Influence
in the same direction upon the parents'.?
Chicago Tribune. ? ' ...
Ballot Pnplti for Grand Opera. '? ?"?
The grand np'cnt nt "Paris has just
selected Its ballet; pupils.' They must be
just 7 years old, and are examined succes
sively by a physician who looks after their
lungs; by a "professor" who repofts'?n
their feet, knees, arms, with special refer
ence to pliability; niuT' linally by a com
mittee on beauty. Two hundred and fifty
children have just been accepted, receiv
ing three pairs of dancing shoes each, a
few yards of crepe and starvation wages.
They have- to work very hard.?Parin
An Exhibition of Polyohroniic Sculpture.
An exhibition of colored sculptures is
shortly to be opened in the National gal
ler ' at Berlin under the patronage of the
crown prince. The works are being col
lected under the auspices of the chiefs of
that establishment. The exhibition will
illustrate the history of polychromic
sculpture in all ages and countries, as
well as the modern efforts to revive the
art, especially by the sculptors of Ger
many.?New York Sun.
A Curious Lawsuit to Kccover.
A curious lawsuit is in progress in New
York. It is brought by an artist, to re
cover ?500 as the price of n picture of
a sloop pacht. The defense is that the
waves are flowing the wrong way, and
that while the bowsprit is pitching in
heavy weather the stern of the boat is de
picted as seated in a calm.?American
The Flavor of the Hedgehog's Flesh.
The Greeks devoured the flesh of the
hedgehog. When it has been well
fed it is sweet and well-flavored, and the
flesh is eaten in many places in England
and on the continent. An American gen
tleman who partook of this dainty, stewed,
on the other side, says it reminded him
a good deal of quaiL?New York Sun.
The Shell Trade of California.
a he shell trade of California is assum
ing great proportions. A single Arm at
Los Angeles ships every sixty days forty
tons of shells to" Europe. These shells are
transformed into ornaments by the art in
dustries of Paris aud other localities.?
The Largest Collection of Canes.
A Philadelphia journalist has the larg
est collection of canes of any man in
America. They were gathered from all
quarters of the globe.
Encouraging io tho Electricians.
The famous electrician, Bell, says tho
problem of seeing by electricity is so
nearly solved as to give much encourage
ment to those at work iu that field of
It is said that white have the teeth more
vertically implanted in the socket than
the black people._
We want 3,000 subscribers tins year.
Yes, the little fellow has his first pair
of pauts. Mamma don't thiok he ought
f) wear them yet awhile. Ain't he hap
py? He got them from HENRY
K?HN, who has suits for Children,
Boys and Youths from $2.50 upwards.
HENRY KOHN'S sales of ready
made Clothing has been larger than ev
er this season. Why? Good Clothes
for little money; good fit; stylish cut.
Our Manufacturers Warranted $3.00
Gent's Shoe is a great success and big
seller, equal to any $5.00 shoe in the
market. Try a pair. Satisfaction guar
HENRY KOIIN has the lead on
Cloaks. Our marvellous success in be
ing able to oiler magnificent Cloaks,
Saccmes, Wraps. Dolmans, Ladies' and
Childrens' Newmarkets and Ilarelocks.
Not a dissentcut voice regarding the
superiority of our goods, and the lowuess
of our prices.
We have just opeued our second lot;
flic prices are so low as to astonish and
surprise every body who visits our store.
Velvets and Silks, full line? of black
and colored to match all the fashionable
shades of Dress Goods.
If you want a good Sewing Machine
buy the '"White." It has now been be
fore tli? Orangeburg people for six years.
Over 300 sold and not a single complaint;
from $25 to $35 according to style of
, Buttcrick's metropolitan Fashions.
Henry Kolm is the only place in town
where yon can buy a pattern.- Scud for
catalogue free of'charge.'
?.Carpets, Oil Cloths,- Mattings and
Rugs,'a'fine selection and prices lower
Now is the time Lo, make your selec
tions of Dry Goods "and housekeeping
goods.- - ? i
A call specialis* solicited.
MEW&Y KOMM: -
IS COaiEVCS ANW
Prescott's Ctai) Casl Store
Iis the place to buy your
CANDIES. CR A CK ICRS,
ORANGES, FIGS, DATES,
?Also a full line of?
Heavy and Fancy. Call early.
1,000 bushels cow peas; highest price
paid for same.
OHAS. W. PRESCOTT,
Opposite Pitthan's Alley,
Dec 10-3IUS_Orangeburg S. C.
B. FRANK SLATER,
"Sext <? Coriiclson's Factory.
ff ANTED! WANTED!!
10,000 Pounds of Hides.
The highest cash price will be paid foi
Hides of all kinds, including Otto, Coon
and Fox, by B. RICH.
oct ?'j-oiiis Next door to Henry Add
kwM Pure aif Wholesome
- . ?/ :?> .. ? -. ? ?? s . :
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING,
? ?jl -J ; ;
Boots, Siioes ai Hats
TO BE SOLD.
BRUNSON & DIBBLE
have their store packed with the
cheapest and best goods you ever
saw. Big bargains are being offered
in every Hue.
DRESS GOODS in all styles, (our
specialty in this iiepaatinent is
SILKS AND SATINS at the very
LADIES NECKWEAR. LACES,
EMBROIDERY AND TRI IM
MINGS in all tho latest novelties
Our lines of GLO VES AND HO
SIERY are full to overflowing. Hav
ing the largest s assortment ever
brought to this.city. .
? Onr DOMESTIC DEPARTMENT
is complete hi every perticular.
Iu CLOTHING we oiler you the
newest and nobbiest styles made and
tue best fits, for men and boys. '
Be sure to examine our stock of
SHOES, which, has been bought
with an eye to the needs oi,' all.- Wc
lead the city - with the 'best lines of
- I >.. ... i? A4 ?. f '. o v, -"i 7
Hundsewcd and Custom SHOES for.
Gents, Lrtdies and Children. The
Heiser Hnndsewed Shoes. fbivgcntlc-'
ineu and the Di.v.on Custom rhacle
Shoes for _Ladies and Children are
the best. Don't have "tiny other.
Every pair ivnTrahted:1 Remember
the namesj "HEISER" and "DiX-J
fox," , ?! ' S i r\:j
Mens and Bbv$ HATS AND
CAPS in all the newest styles.
: Onr line of Ladies ami Misses
CLOAKS, CIRCULARS, JACK
ETS, tfcc, arc j list sup'crtt
In Gents' FURNISHING GOODS
wo have everything for the comfort
of this sex.
BASKETS of all kinds. UM
BRELLAS, TRUNKS AND VA
LISES and a thousand other ?rticlcs
too numerous to begin to mention.
Just give us a call and we will
convince you that we are the cheap
est house iu the State. Goods shown
Brunsoii ft Dibble.
The State of South Carolina)
I5Y HE>*J. P. IZLAR, ESQ., P110UATE JUDGE.
"ITTIIEREAS, L. II. Wannamaker, C.
V\ C. P. made suit to nie to grant
him Letters of Administration of the Es
tate and effects of Henry D. Bennett:
THESE ARE THEREFORE to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred and
Creditors of the said Henry D. Bonnctt, de
ceased, that they he and appear, before me,
in the Court of Probate, to be held at Or
angeburg Court House on the :51st day of
Decnilier next, after publication hereof, at
11 o'clock in the forenoon, to shew cause, if
any they have, why 1 lit- said Administration
should not he granted.
Given.-under my hand, this v.tth day of
November, Anno Domini ltW3.
IJKNJ. i'. IZLAR,
Xov -t> li Probate Judge i). C.
Y. W. BOWMAN,
Attorney at Law,
CORNER CHURCH AND ST. PAUL
QRANOEBURG* - - - S? G
for MM or. Other. Uses.
A. F. H. DUKES,
'?' ? :
Branchville, S. ft
I beg to inform the public that I
have on hand and to arrive the larg
est and best selected
STOCK or &OODS
ever brought to Branchvelle, which
I will sell for cash at prices to suit
the times. My line of
LADIES AND MISSES
are the rl'nest and cheapest ever of
fered in this or any other town. ;
.? in -v.... ?.?:?.:??..?
Also aJull line of ? - ,-, . t? L.
. '? ;: ? :r '? K '?- ? -srv:ft ?}'
' a:-.?: Tit* ?- ? ???>??? *R? 1 ?' ?
? ? ' ' ???? -LACES.'-'*
.vi- - ad'nrisT m\p :*?'?} ret i&rril
j >?---? ? ? t- . v*-r^
I My stockt V' .
GENTS AND' BOYS HATS,. ' ' '
k ' '.am1r?i??
|J: BOOTS AND SHU KS.
DRY GOODS. r???A
r.\. Km ?? ?. ?nl?V
-?: CLOTH TNG. ?? " 1
" V? ' . " GUNS.
i .? . ? j j' - - - *?*
is full any coi'uprise a No. 1 goods,...
?sj ..." , .i o.t: ~ ?: .'ii 'lir
Sust Proof Oats.
Is?O.? Jjii'sUels Rust Proof Oaci,
selected esllpeciay for seed, for snio
Don't fail io give nie a call and be
convinced that I mean what I sav.
A. F. H. DUKES,
Branchville, S. C.
T7"ruit Trees for sale of ail the best select
Jl varieties. Apples, Summer, Aurum
and Winter varieties, prices 20 cents each:
Tears, ripe from June until October, price
30 cents each; new Pears, Kieffer's 75 cents
each, Leconte 50 cents each. Plums 'Tine
from June until September 25 cents each.
Peaches ripe from May until October 15
cents each. Grapes of a'll the best varieties
prices from 10 to 50 cents each. 12 varie
ties for table use 32. Roses 25 cents each,
$:! perdozen; budded Roses 50 cents each.
Trees and plants are packed with the ut
most care, so as to insure their safe car
riage. A JOURDAIN,
Elloreo P. O.
oct eXlm Orahgeburg, Co., S. C.
Saw H?ll for Ssile.
W^' will sell on liberal terms to an ap
Y\ proved purchaser and at a good bar
gain our Saw Mill outfit, which is one of the
most complete of the kiud in the up country.
Everything in good order ready for work.
Mill situated in a iiiictiuibeivii section .on
tin-f Hurley Place iv.u miles from iiie
Edi iu UiVcr. A good trait; road and go id
lauding at the river. One mule can put
lo,oo0 feet <>f lumber perdaj at lauding.
Plenty of timber can be had delivered at
the null to be sawed on shares. Will take
lumber in part pavmcnt.
GIBSON & M1KELL,
octS'-Smos Columbia, S. C.