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Oh! that the desert was my dwelling- place,
With one fair spirit for my minister,
That I might all forget the human race.
And, hating no one, love but only herl
Ye elements!?in whose ennobling stir
I feel myself exalted?can ye not
Accord me such a being? Do I err
In deeming such inhabit many a spot?
Though with them to converse can rarely be
our lot ?Byron.
AFTER THE WILDERNESS.
Moj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee's Cavalry?A
Bravo Artillery Officer.
When Gen. Grant came over with his
hammer to batter the tough earthen
anvil in May, 1864, it was Maj. Gen. Fitz
Lee, as much or more than anybody else,
who prevented a disastrous result after
the battles of the Wilderness. Stuart as
signed to his division the duty of ob
structing the Federal advance to
Spottsylvania Court House, and during
all the long hours of the night the young
officer obstinately resisted the Federal
progress with barricades and the crack
sharpshooters, falling back only to make,
another stand, until time was given Gen,
Leo's infantry to" occupy the line of the
Po. Had it not had time to do so, Gen.
Grant would have interposed between
Lee and Richmond, the Confederate capi
tal must have fallen, Bince there was no
force to protect it, and that this- result
did not follow the rapid movement .of
Gen. Grant southward was due to the
soldiership of Gen. Fitz Lee and his
It is impossible in a brief article to.
give an adequate idea of this obstinate
fighting of Lee's division between the I
Wilderness and Spottsylvania Court
House. The cavalry and horse artillery
seemed to die rather than yield a foot,
and when under orders they sullenly fell
back, it seemed, under bitter protest. A
single incident wiU give some idea of the
animus of Gen. Fitz Lee's men, which he
related to me.
The cavalry had fought step by step
and had been ordered to fall back on
Spottsylvania Court House. Two pieces
of horse artillery were posted to cover the
retreat, and near them were seated On
their horses Gen. Fitz Lee and Maj.
Breathed, one of the bravest of all Stu
art's brave artillerists. A line of Federal
sharpshooters was advancing on the guns,
and Gen. Lee said:
"Give them a round of canister,
The guns thundered, sweeping the
slope, but the skirmishers bravely con
tinued to advance; and what was worse,
a line of infantry advanced to support
them. To remain longer was to lose the
guns and Gen. Fitz Lee exclaimed:
"Take off the guns, Breathed!"
UA few moire rounds, general," Breathed
pleaded, and turning to the gunners,
"Give them canister!" he shouted.
"Look out for your guns, Breathed!
Bring them off!" .Gen. Lee ordered, turn
ing his horse.
"Limber to the rear!" was the order,
and one of the guns wellt off at a gallop.
The Federal infantry were now only a
fair y yty]g <>flg-and-the^?eoood gun seemod
lost. "Surrender the gun!" they shouted,
to which Breathed replied with a last
round of canister, and limbering up at
tempted to take the gun off. As he did
so the drivers were shot one after an
other and fell from their horses, some of
? which were also shot and fell in their
traces. Breathed cut the animals from
the traces, mounted one of the wheel
horses, and, striking them with his sabre,
brought off the gun in the midst of a
shower of bullets, from which, as Gen.
Lee said, "he miraculously escaped un
harmed " It was by means of this reck
less'fit hUig that Gem Grant's column
was delayed in its advance and Gen. Lee
was enabled to reach, the court house and
occupy the line of the Po before the ar
rival of his adversary.?John Esten
New York Winten Getting Milder.
It was nothing strange years ago for
snow to fall about Christmas and remain
on the ground for weeks and months,
often several feet in depth. The mercury
dropped below zero and did not cause
any wonder. Everything that usually
ran on wheels was placed on "runners."
It is very seldom that the mercury now
reaches below zero, and snow rarely
packs, even when it is not cleared away
by the street cleaning department.
"One principal cause for this change,"
said a New York officer of the signal
service corps, "can be seen from the win
dows of this station. Look around you
in every direction, east, west, north, or
south, in this city, Brooklyn and Jersey
City, and what do you see? Clouds of
steam rising from almost every housetop.
Elevators in offices and apartment houses,
factories using steam as a motor, build
ings heated by the same hot vapor; all
sending forth clouds from the tops ol
the houses. Do you not suppose this has
an effect on the atmosphere, warms the
air and half melts the snow before it
reaches the ground? Then there are the
boilers under the sidewalks and in the
cellars; steam-heating pipes along the
roadways and thousands of contrivance;
to generate heat not known a quarter of
a century ago."?New York Letter.
The Hairless Bog of Mexico.
No Mexican kennel is complete with
out two or three pelon or hairless dogs.
They are of a dirty blue color, have sharp,
pointed ears, and do nothing but lull in
the sun or crouch before a fire shivering
with cold. Pelon is a Mexicanism mean
ing gift, and they probably called these
hairless creatures pelon dogs because you
have to give a man something to take "one
as a present. They are ill-natured, mean,
arrant thieves, and with not a single good
trait in their character.?Mexi< n Letter.
Great Frederick's Drinking Cup.
A silver drinking cup which formerly
belonged to Frederick the Great has just
been sold at Berlin for 2,000 roubles.
The cup was presented to Frederick by
his troops, and he drank out of it on his
last battlefield. There are inscriptions on
it of the names and dates of his great
victories, and it is in all respects a rare
curiosity. The German ambassador of
fered the owner 5,000 roubles for it soma
years ago, but he then refused to sell it.
?New Orleans Times-Democrat.
THE ESQUIMAU AS A TRADER.
He Knoivs Nothing of the Use of Money
Bargains?Sign of Friendship.
The Esquimau knows nothing of the
use of money, and but little more of the
art of barter. This was strongly shown
in their method of trading with the whal
ing crew of the ship whereupon my party
was taking passage to North Hudson
bay. A nice polar bear robe was spread
on the quarter deck, one that you would
expect a furrier's clerk to intimate was
worth a clear ?150. My breath was al
most taken away when the master of the
ship hauled out of his pocket a half a
plug of navy six (one-twelfth of a pound)
tobacco and offer it to him for the white
silky affair, and I had to lean up against
one of the davits, when this northern
ninny accepted the offer with a smile, as
if he had struck a special sale bargain.
The white man got generous, however,
before he rolled up the skins, and added
a sixth of a pound of powder to the bar
gain. Four saddles of reindeer meat
were had for a liali a cupful of shot, that
properly managed might have secured
four ducks, which in turn could have
been traded to this whaler for a lump of
brown sugar, and the native would have
still been satisfied, even if the white man
had bitten it in two and handed liim the
smaller half. Twenty-five rusty musket
caps were given for five beautiful white
fox skins; and I went into a mathemati
cal estimate with logarithms and
astronomy, which showed that a
man with a capital of a box
of musket caps (4 cents wholesale),
would, if he started into this business at
15 years of age and continue it till he felt
like retiring at 50, own the whole earth
by warranty deed, and have a ohattel
mortgage on the rest of the solar system;
that is, if tlie foxe3 held out. They had
brought three dogs with them in the
comien, which I wanted to purchase for
my explorations, and although the sur
rounding circumstances would have
justified me in tendering a handleless
palmleaf fan that hung up in my state
room as a souvenir from my unknown
'?edeoessor. I broke loose from the in
atuation, and actually gave them some
thing approximately near their own
As a result one fellow, who had evi
dently not washed his face since he was
born, so insisted on rubbing noses with
me in an affectionate manner to testify
Ids appreciation of my payments that
notwithstanding it was interpreted as
signifiing eternal friendship, I almost
repented of my weak atteinpr, at gen
erosity, and regretted that I had not
given them a pipeful of tobacco for each
dog, instead of a pound package of it
along with other articles. A breeze
springing up, ter-bow-it-ec (farewell) was
exchanged, and we parted with all our
Esquimau friends except their odor,
which hung over the ship as if it had
come to stay. I spent the next few
hours reading a description of these same
savages, and how they had to be watched
to prevent their stealing things too loosely
scattered about the ship's deck, and I
thought there would be very little left of ,
even the deck If the natives stole enough'
to keep even with their trading losses.?
Lieut. Schwatka's Letter.
What Young Doctors Dread Most.
In a conversation with a doctor, he
Baidto me: "Bo you wish to know the
greatest source of worriment to a young
practitioner? It is that he will be called
to save a poisoned person. There are bo
many sorts of poison, the symptoms axe
so intricate, and the antidotes so Varied,
that it is almost impossible to keep them
in one's headby.merely theoretical learn
ing. Actual experience impresses knowl
edge on a doctor, and an old man has
accumulated a stock in that way, but the
youngsters don't have it within sudden
"In the ordinary routine of practice, he
can delay treatment long enough to look
into a text book or to consult with some
kindly old chap in the profession; but
when we are hastily summoned to the
side of a patient with poison in his
stomach, the nature of which can only
be determined by symptoms, and whose
life can only be saved by quick dosing
with the right drug, the responsibility is
something frightful. What do I do? I
carry in an inner pocket a thin book con
taining a summary of poisons, symptoms
and antidotes. That is a common prac
tice with young doctors, and a few old
The liability to pummons au a witness
in court after attending to a poisoning
case makes physicians additionally alert
and anxious. That lends terror to the
risk of mistakes.?New York Cor. Chi
Largest Sewer in the World.
A sewer is building hi Washington,
wliich is seven feet larger in diameter
tlian any other in the world. In its small
est part it is larger than the Largest of the
sewers in Paris. For over 2,000 feet it is
a circular sewer of twenty-two feet in
diameter. There is connected with it a
sewer 5,000 feet, or nearly one mile, in
length and twenty feet in diameter. A
fully-equipped palace car, locomotiv.)
and all, could be run through it without
difficulty. This enormous sewer is in
to ded to drain the immense water-shed
lying to the north of the city. Beside*
that, it will carry to the eastern branch
of the Potomac all the contents of the
smaller system of sewers in the northern
part of the city. It will take a year to
complete the work.?Boston Budget.
A "Way of Getting Around It.
Gen. Toombs had a peculiar way of get
ting around defeat. In controversy with
a northerner, who finally exclaimed,
"Well, general, we licked you, anyhow!"
he retorted: "Licked us! No, sir! No such
thing! Wc wore ourselves out whipping
you!*' Gen. "Jim'' Lane of Kansas al
most equaled that when, in the early
pan of the civil war, he responded to a
question about a rather hurried retreat of
his brigade: '"No, sir, the Kansas brig
ade never retreats; it counter-marches,
Many a heart would be hardened but
for the memory of the past griefs, when
eyes, now averted, perhaps, were full of
sympathy, and hands now cold wer?
eager to soothe and succor.?Thackeray,,
A FAMOUS RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONIST
What "Stepniak" Saya of tho Injustice of
Bussia's System of Taxation.
In one of the dingiest squares in the
west central district of London lives
"Stepniak," the famous Russian writer
and revolutionist. In the course of a
recent interview he said:
"When the late Czar Alexander
emancipated the serfs he received the
applause of civilized Europe. It was
thought to be a gracious act worthy of
an enlightened age. Russia hailed it as
the dawn of a new era. But what has
been the result? Millions of people have
been emancipated from slavery to a so
called freedom which has burdened
them with responsibilities they are not
able to bear, and for the non-fulfillment
of which they are afflicted with punish
ments unknown to slavery itself. Rus
sia is a peasant state. The inhabitants
of all the cities and towns make only 10
per cent, of the population, and one
half of the towns are agricultural. And
our peasants are our taxpayers. They,
and not the wealthy folk, supply the
revenue of the state, and they are taxed
far beyond reason and justice. The
taxes are so imposed that they fall due
just before harvest time, when the peo
ple have not yet turned their crops to
cash. At the best of times they have
barely enough to live on after they have
paid the government demand^ how
much worse then must it be when they
are asked to pay their taxes just at that
season of the year when they have no
"You would think that it would only
be rational on the part of the govern
ment to postpone its days of collection
until the harvests have Iteen gatliered
and sold. But the Russian government
does nothing that is rational. Year
after year efforts have been made to so
postpone the date when the taxes fall
due. But to no avail. For then the
officials would be bereft of an excuse for
plundering the peasants and appropriat
ing their crops in the name of the law.
And understand that in Russia every
thing is done by the officials as they
think best, or, rather, as they find the
best chances for plunder. At one time
banks were started to assist the peasants,
so that they could lay up money through
the year to meet the taxes as they be
came due, but, just as these institutions
met with favor from the men they were
designed to benefit and their coffers be
gan to fill with savings, a decree was is
sued?which is only another way of say
ing that it was carried 'out?appointing
a government official at the head of
each bank, and the officials at once ap
propriated the funds.
"In Russia there is no public opinion
because there are no means of formu
lating one. Tho peasants, who form
nine-tenths of the population, are
densely ignorant, and the educated
class suffer ceaseless prosecution unless
they enroll themselves prominently on
the government side. What are called
the 'Nihilists' are chiefly the educated
people, for there can be no harmony be
tween despotism and enlightenment.
"The educated-clazs"have~ taken up uu:
behalf of the peasant the battle Which
the peasant is unable to fight for him
self, and for this they are persecuted be
yond the power of an alien people to
believe."?London Cor. New York Trib
An Apology from Bean Brummen.
An ex-officer in the army, who ? had
had the misfortune to have his nose shot
or sabred off in the peninsula, was told
that Brummell had reported of him that
ho had never held a commission, but
was nothine- more than a retired hatter.
He called t an the Beau and demanded
satisfaction. Brummell promptly and
energetically denied that he had ever
spread the disparaging rumor. But
when the captain was about to take his
leave, gratified with his success, Brum
mell followed him to the door and again
affirmed that the report was false, giv
ing, however, this, reason: "Now that I
think of it, I never in" my life dealt with
a hatter without a nose."
The Peasant and the Serpent.
One day on his return from Market a
Peasant found a Dangerous Serpent
playing with ins children. Without
stopping to make Inquiries he seized a
club and dealt the Reptile a Mortal
"Wasn't your Action an Arbitrary
Abuse of Power?" inquired the Toad. "I
don't think you oan Prove that the Ser
pent had struck one of your Children."
"As to that," replied the peasant, "the
time to kill Poisonous Reptiles is before
you are Bitten."
Moral: A Wolf doesn't make his ap
pearance among Lambs with the Inten
tion of leading them to Sunday School.
?Detroit Free Press.
It Sounds a Little Odd.
In The Union Medicale a doctor tells
of a duel at winch he assisted, and in
which one of the men died of a pleurisy
?empyema following upon the wound.
He thought that this could have been
prevented by due antiseptic precautions.
"The blades should have been clean,
medically. The foils should have been
passed through a flame or carbolic acid.
We should like to have the pistols and
balls disinfected." This sounds a little
odd, considering how easily they could
be dispensed with.?Exchange.
Most Remarkable Natural Echoes.
Among the most remarkable natural
echoes is that of Eagle's Nest, on the
banks of Killarney, in Ireland, which
repeafs a bugle call until it seems to be
sounded from a hundred instruments,
and that of the banks of the Naha, be
tween Bingen and Coblentz. which re
peats a sound seventeen times.?Phila
Place Where Drums Are Made.
Uiw firm in western Massachusetts
last year made 130,000 drums, usmg
500,000 feet of lumber, 35,000 sheep
skins, 2,200 pounds of cord, and tons of
other fittings.?Chicago Journal.
When our pride, our avarice, out in
terests, our desire to domineer, are
worked upon, are we not forever1 pester
ing heaven to decide in theiir favor??
The Laud of the Mini in the Moon.
[Ruf us Rood.]
There's a country remarkably quaint and
Wbero the air won't support a bollooa,
And everything's just as it isn't here?
'Tis the land of the man in the moon,
fhero people don't bother with "parties" at
rhe crop of great statesmen's exceedingly
Bank officers never flee toward Montreal
In the land of tho man in the moon.
"The ladies all make most delightful wives
In the land of the man in the moon.
Rascality's punished, and honor thrives
In the land of the man in the moon.
The milkmen are honest, tho liquors are
No agents beset you with plans to insure,
Quack doctors don't promise each ailment
In the land of the man in the moon.
The Economy of Cheap Furniture.
,_ [Tho Judge.!
A GO-AS-YOU-PLEASE BEDSTEAD.
Paste This in Your Hat.
Don't let tho door stand open, but shut it
with much care,
"Without a bang, without a whang?yes, shut
it fair and square;
Without a slam, without a jam, without a
For if you've left it open, go shut it, and
No Christian man or woman, no well trained
chick or child,
"Will let a door swing idly, to make weak
nerves run wild,
When chilly winds aro blowing, and some
ono taking cold?
"While the open door is creaking and mutter
ing like a scold.
Haste makes but waste, remember, so plenty
take of time;
Don't leave the door half open?a fault al
most a crime?
And if you've over dono this, don't do so any
"Whatovor else you fail to do, don't .fail to
shut tho door.
Her Big Sister's Bean.
You are my sister's new beau, are you,
Tho one she caught at tho ball?
'T heard her telling mamma so,
Just as I came through tho hall.
She says you are awfully stupid,
And you cannot dance at all;
It's just becauso you're rich, I guess,
Made you tho "catch" at tho ball.
And she says that when you are married
She'll teach you a thing or two;
I don't think I'd be taught by a girl
If I were a man like you.
"What! Not going already, aro youf
Jack never hurried off so;
Sister will bo down in a minute,
And be real angry, I know.
Pickles and Cream.
I know an actress who stands high in her
profession and who is generally regarded as
a sane woman, who never eats a dinner.
Bat after her night's work is done she is
eervod with a meal comprised of pickled
gherkins, ice cream and cake. After EOmo
year of this dietary practice she foil seriously
ill, and in her convalescence I met her, palo
and interesting, being towed down Broad
way by her dog.
?rl cannot conceive what ailed me," she
said. "I'm sure I took the best care of my
self. There isn't a woman in the profession
that lives quieter than I do."
And she assumed an expression of injury
that ought to have mado Nature ashamed of
"Won't you leave your coat down here
before you go up to dinner? Let me take
it," suavely besought tho clerk of a country
hotel of a visitor who had just come in. "I
will hang it up," he coutbiued politely.
The guest thanked him for bis profuse dis
play of courtesy, and went upstairs highly
pleased with the troublo that hnd been taken
over him. "We always do that," said the
clerk winking at a bystander. "I have only
been in tho hotel busiucss two months, but
that was tho first trick I learned. I wanted
that man's coat as security for tho payment
of his dinner bilL It is tho rule in many
country hotels to got tho unknown transient
to deposit his coat, hat or gum boots in the
office. If it Is done properly, tho visitor
tiiinks it is nothing but native politeness."
A Subscriber Is Never a Fraud.
Office Boy (to country editor)?A man was
in while you wero out who said ho was the
genuine John "Wllkes Booth."
Editor (hastily)?He's a frau2. You didn't
give him anything, did you?
Office Boy?No. Ho left a dollar for six
Editor?"Well, welL Aud so John Wilkos
Booth is still alive. It beats all.
Life: Bettor an empty head than one
with a cold in it
Soinervilk) Journal: '"Man's lifo h what
ho makes it"?sometimes. More oftou it h
what some woman makes it.
Sani: Dudelet?Barber, me boy, I want
my mustache dyed. Barber?Certaiuly, my
dear sir. Did you bring it with you?
To-Day: "What's your hurry, Wilkinsl
Got a note to mceti" "No. Cot oua I'm
afraid to meet." Vanishes around tho cor
Merchant Traveler: Young iron who
think their sweethearts are divine, love to
make divinity students of themselves every
night iu the week.
The Judge: His honor?How old are you,
madam.' Witness?I have no personal
knowledge of my ago, and hearsay testi
mony, 1 understand, is not accepted in the
Ho uwt her on the hcrso car,
And ho offered her a seat,
And he thought she was an angel
Till she trod upon his feet.
AS THE SEASON IS NEAR AT ,
HAND FOR PUTTING IN
Aud wishing to make room, we will make
it to the interests of all to call and get
As we arc determined not to carry over
any Fall Stock. We still lead in low
prices and are Headquarters for
GENT'S, YOUTH'S AND BOY'S
Our trade in
Zeigler's Fine Shoes
For Ladies was never better. Every pair
Wo cany the largest and best Stock of
HAND-SEWED SHOESS: :
In the market. All warranted.
! COME AND'SEESFORSYOURSELF.
GEO, H. C0MELS0I
NEWLY FITTED UP
OPPOSITE THE TENT.
Wc do not propose to undersell
everyone else, but we arc ready to
meet fair competition. Our Stock is
now complete: give us a call
Mr. I.S. CUM MINGS is with us,
and will be glad to see his old friends
We sell the. ROYAL 1ST. JOHlN
Machines of all makes repaired.
Large Wogoh Yard in rear of
VOSE & SALLEY.
Dress anil business suits for Men, Youths
and Boys. This is the largest stock ever
brought to this city. I particularly ask an
inspection of these goods now, in order that
I may have your verdict of approval. And
after you havo seen tliir -lsplay of Tailor
Made Clothing, Gents' Furnishing Goods,
Fine Shoes, Hats and Neckwear, I feel as
snrcd that you will be pleased not only with
the goods but the low prices 1 am selling
them at. I desire you to handle them, to
bring all your experience to bear in Judging
them; critically examine their make, fabric
and trimmings, test the sewing, try them
on; in fact make a study of them as well as
the prices, then go to other houses and make
the comparison. I am satisfied that you
will return and make your selection out ?f
this beautiful stock and to find the goods as
I represent them to be, and give you full
satisfaction in every instance, as my goods
are made by fust-class workmen. All or
ders sent to my care will receive prompt
M. L. KINARD, Columbia, S, ?.
Twenty-five Years Experience.
Watch Makeu and Jkwelek,
And dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry
Spectaeles, Silver and Plated Ware ami
Musical instruments. All work warranted
for one year. Orangeburg. >. Cj
INSURE YOUR PROPERTY
KIRK ROBINSON, AGENT.
COMPANIES Ahl. fIST-CLASS AND
LOSSL'S PROMPTLY ADJUSTED AND
COLLECTIONS PUOMI'TI.Y ATTEND
1 am Miil sidling liriek, Lime, Laths
Hair and other ESuHiliti? Material.
1 am now prepared in furnish Coal and
Wood in any ijitautity. All orders !.;fl
with nie shall have prompt attention. N'o
(ravage charged. Give me a trial.
July 28- K1KK IIOIJINSON
AIUAI. I.ATIIUor. I\ M. WANXAMAKKlt,
Orangeburg, S. C. St. Matthews, S. U
J ATI! ROI' & WANNA MAKEU,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OaANGEBUltC!, S. V.
Ollice Up Stairs Over the Postofllce.