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?SF^ TAKE IT QUICK.
This loss?take it quickly, say Heart?
My Mistress to you doth present
Of her own sweet grace and consent;
Fair, good, young, and guileless of art
Trust me. I will watch, for my part.
That Dangier be foiled of tho scent
My Mistress to you doth present
This kiss;?take it quickly, my Heart I
Dangier, with a sentinel's art,
Each night on bis post having spent,
Tfofl now gone asleep in his tent
Be wisrj; now fulfill your intent
This kiss?take it quickly, my Heart!
?? WHITE SLAVERY IN CANADA.
A Disgraceful State of Things?Women
and; Children Hejpless Victims.
A corrf.Jspondcnt has, been calling at
tention recently to a most disgraceful
state of things oonnected whih the Lab
?rador fish ery. It may be .remembered
that during the late <n*sastrotts gale on
the Labrador coast a singularly large
number of women and children were re
ported; as lost! At the time ii-was not
possible to account for this, but the cor
respondence referred to makes the whole
It has for many years been the cus
tom . to transport at the opening of the
fishing season several -. thousand, women
and children to Lahjra^v ^he?'^ey
remain four months, engaged' in .curing
the fish caught by tie men. The&are
carried to tie ;Bcehe ,of their/labors
packed in the holds of small vessels, and
the horrors of this passage, as described
by those famiHar. wrtii the facts, rival
those of the dreadful 'Wddle passage"
in the old slave trade. Nc^onlywomen
and children, but animals of several
kinds, dogs, sheep, goats, etc., are
stowed in the close and filthy hold, and
as the weather is generally rough the
hatches are usually kept down all the
The passage, takes from ten days to
two weeks. On reaching Labrador the
passengers are exhausted and half
poisoned by four air filth. They are,
however, forced to go on shore at once
and clean out the turf huts, which have
been filled with ice and snow all the
winter. In these wretched hovels,
which are always damp and dirty, the
poor creatures must live throughout the
season. The curing of the fish is a
laborious and incessant task, and at the
end of the season, having meanwhile
been illfed, worse lodged, and worn out
by hard work, the white slaves are once
more packed into, the noisome holds of
the schooners and consigned to another
hideous voyage. As storms are frequent
toward the close of the season, and as it
is almost impossible for the inmates of
the hold to get out in the event of an
emergency, the . wuecks, which are
numerous in the.fall of the year, too
often include the drowning of whole
families like rats in a trap. This is how
it came to pass that so many women
and children were lost in the late severe
gale on the coast of Labrador.
Perhaps the most remarkable fact is
- ^.tJaLJ^-tifffi^ has
been in existence tor half a century, and
that it is only now beginning to attract
attention and to call forth the strong
condemnation it deserves.?St. Jolins
Cor. Montreal Gazette.
An Impressive Funeral Ceremony.
Of all the vast heritage of Spain the
one thing wlucH she certainly has left to
her is pictjzresqueness. As we read the
report of King Alfonso's funeral we are
back in the depths of .the middle ages.
At the-Escurial, we are told, "the pro
cession wound up the hill to the mon
astery. ' When the funeral car reached
the principal door it was closed. The
lord chamberlain knocked for admit
tance. A voice inside asked, 'Who
wishes to enter?' The answer given
was 'Alfonso XIX' The door was then
thrown open. * * * No one de
scended to the vault except the prior,
the minister of grace and justice^ and
the lord chamberlain. The coffin was
placed on a table in a magnificent black
marble vault, in which the kings of
Spain He in huge marble tombs all
The lord chamberlain unlocked the
coffin, whicli was covered with cloth of
gold, raised the glass covering from the
king's face, then, after requesting per
fect silence, knelt down and shouted
three times in the dead monarch's ear:
'Senor, senor, seuor.' He tiien rose,
saying, according to the ritual. 'His
majesty does- not answer. Then it is !
true the king is dead.' He locked the !
coffin, handed the keys to the prior, and !
taking up ids wand of office, broke it in
his hand, and flung the pieces tit tho
foot of the table.'' What perfection of |
inise en scene! In what other country
the modern world is wich a function
possible ? The Vatican itself is compara
tively prosaic, and even grotesque, in its
Floral Emblems of tin- Nations.
All nations have their emblems in the
flower world. Thus the hebotrojx? was
emblematic of Egypt, and the lily of the
Nile, the fig tree of the Romans, the
tentain of the Celts, the vervain of the
Qauls, the lotus of the Greeks, the beans
of the Pythagorians, the soldeneda of
the Alps, the violet of Parma, the
adonis of CastigHone, the carnation of
Lodo, the willows of the Orient the
^ybiscus of Syria, the rose of Damietta,
and the jasmine is emblematic of Mar
Queer Vlotoria a Stock Breeder.
The queen, who took three prizes at
the Birmingham cattle show, will have
some fine beasts at Sinithfield. as there
have never been a better lot of Devons,
shorthorns and cross-breeds at the royal
farm than those which have been pre
pared for exhibition during the hist
autumn. Her majesty, who takes great
interest in these farms, which were es
tablished by the prince consort, has
more than once driven from the castle
to inspect the stock.?London World.
In Portugal nowadays the ballot
takes rjlace in the churches, and the box
generally stands between a pair of
PECULIARITIES OF POLAR CLIMATES.
A Slight Change of Temperature Would
Cover Greenland with Verdure.
The theory has long been advanced
that the poles of greatest cold are not co
incident with the terrestrial poles, and
that the lowest mean temperature is to
be found in the region of the Lena river
in Siberia. This idea was encouraged by
the fact, among others, the Polaris party
reported a milder climate at Thank God
harbor than Kane experienced about 200
miles further south. The part of the
argument, however, which relates to the
Lena River valley is directly contradicted
by Lieut, Greely's observations for two
years at Lady Franklin bay, where ho
found the lowest mean temperature yet
observed, about ?4 degrees Fahrenheit.
Grinnell Land, therefore, as far as we
yet know, is the coldest part of the
Danish Greenland, whose mean tem
perature hovers; around the freezing
point, is buried under hundreds of feet
of ice simply because about two inches
of ice forms in winter more than is
thawed out in summer. The authorities
in terrestrial physics agree that it would
require only a slight change in climatic
conditions to remove Greenland's ice
blanket and cover the land with verdure.
Were it not for the presence of these im
mense ice masses constantly refrigerat
ing' the air, the summers of Danish
Greenland ?would be as warm as those of
England. Mr. Wallace is of the opinion
that if the two Arctic currents that
flow south along both sides of Greenland
were diverted from that country, the
great ice mantle would rapidly disap
pear, and the country might even be
come forest-clad and habitable*
The powerful modifying influence that
the great oeean currents from the south
exert upon climates is nowhere so strik
ingly manifested as along the north coast
of Norway, which has a milder temper
ature than any other part of the world
in the same latitude. At this moment
the little town of Bossekop, lying at the
foot of a fiord which opens into the icy
waters of the Arctic ocean, wrapped in
the twilight of the winter night, is sub
sisting largely on the grain that was
raised last summer on the valley farms
in a latitude about 600 miles north of the
south end of Greenland. This fertile
6pot is the most northern place in the
world where wheat and rye ripen.
It is the opinion of Sir William Thom
son and other physicists that the prolific
animal and vegetable life which covered
Greenland and the neighboring lands in
a former geological age, whose fossil re
mains have been found in abundance,
was due to warm ocean currents flowing
north at a time, when our continent had
not yet risen above the surface to impede
or divert thoir course.?New York Sun.
Making Mermaid* for tho Shows.
The making of mermaids is pnrely an
American achievement, although the
first inventor was an Englishman now
living in this city. They were first made
in this country thirty-three years ago, to
All an order of a noted showman. Hmv
dreds since have' been manufactured and
have been exhibited all over the country
as genuine. They are of all sizes and
shapes. The bodies and heads are made
of paper, rags and wire. The taifc are of
codfish. The teeth are fishes'. The arms
and legs are turkey bones. Dried eyes
of the turkey are used when available.
They are presumed to be more hideous
and fossil-like than those of glass or
The success of every mermaid depends
upon her historian. There are men who
sit up nights to think of something new
to say about them. Some of the exhibit
ors are very happy and clever in the
descriptions. One of these said the other
day: "I've been a side-ehower all my
life, and have traveled the whole coun
try over. The best route for mermaids
is through Ohio. The men there are wild
to see 'em. I've known half a dozen en
gagements of marriage broken off be
cause the lovers woidd go to the tent.
Kinda queer things is mermaids.?New
Sagacity of a Shepherd Dog.
In New Mexico an agent of the ranch
man paid his semi-annual visit to a
distant grazing ground oidy to find the
pastora or sheep herder dead and the
siieep quietly feeding in a fertile canyon
near by, jealously guarded by his dog.
Jn the rear of the corral, into which the
sheep were driven every night, lay the
bleaching skeletons of a dozen or more
Astonished at the sagacity of the dog.
the ranchman secreted himself and
waited until night. As the sun began to
si- the sheep came trooping in, with
i dog in the rear. They crowded bito
. -j corral through a narrow opening, and
as the last one pushed forward the dog
seized and killed him, and dragged the
lifeless body to the rear of the corral,
where he made a comfortable mipi>er off
a portion of the carcass, leaving the
balance for future meals. He had been
doing this ever since the death of his
master, and would probably have con
tinued his guardianship over the flock
until he died.?Chieago Herald.
A Novel Use* for Paper.
Paper, it is said, is taking the place of
cedar in the making of lead pencils. A
novel use for paper has been found in
the manufacture of pipes. In addition
to being absolutely tight and smooth,
and much cheaper than iron, these pipes
are of great strength, for when the sides
are scarcely three-fifths of an inch thick,
they will stand a pressure of more than
fifteen atmospheres. It buried under
ground they will not be broken by
settlement, nor when violently shaken
or jarred. The material being a bad
conductor of heat, the pipes do not
readily freeze.?Paper Making.
The Monument of Louis Agassis.
The bowdder at Mount Auburn that
makes the monument of Louis Agassi/,
came from the glacier of the Aar, not
far from the spot where his hut once
stood; and the pine trees which are fast
growing up to shelter it were sent by
loving hands from his old home in Switz
erland.?Mrs. Elizabeth Gary Agassis.
THE. LAWS OF CIVILIZED WARFARE.
I Synopsis of the Regulations Generally
Thought To Be Binding.
For the nearest approach to a state
ment of what the laws of war in our own
time really are, we must turn to the
Brussels conference, which met in 1874
at the summons of the same great Rus
sian to whom the world owes the St.
Petersburg declaration, and which con
stituted a genuine attempt to mitigate the
evils of war by an international agree
ment and definition of their limits. The
idea of such a plan was originally sug
gested by the instructions published in
18C3 by President Lincoln for the govern
ment of the armies of the United States
in the civil war. The project for such
an international agreement, origmallly
submitted by the Russian government
for discussion, was very much modified
before even a compromise of opinion
could be arrived at on the several points
it contained. And the project, so modi
fied, as a prefiminary basis for future
agreement, owing.to, the timid refusal
of the EriglisH' government to take
further part in the matter, never,
unfortunately, reached its final stage of
a definite code; but it . remains,
nevertheless, the most authoritative ut
terance extant o?l .the laws generally
thought to be binding in modem warfare
on the practices and passions of the com
batants. The following articles from the
project as finally modified are un
doubtedly the most important:
Art. 12. The laws of war do ncrt allow
to beUigereut? an unlimited power as to
the choice of means of injuring the
Art. 13. According to this principle
are strictly forbidden:
A. The use of poison or poisoned
B. M?rder 1 >y treachery of individuals
belonging to the hostile nation or army.
C. Murder of ;intagonist who, having
laid down lus arms, or having no longer
the means of defending himself, has
surrendered at discretion.
D. The declaration that no quarter
will be given.
E. The use of arms, projectiles, or
substances which may cause unnecessary
F. Abuse of the flag of truce, the na
tional flag, or the military insignia or
uniform of the enemy, as well as dis
tinctive badges of the Geneva convention.
G. All destruction or seizure of the
enemy's property which is not impera
tively required by the necessity of war.
Article 15. Fortified places are alone
liable to be besieged. Towns, agglomera
tions of houses or villages which arc
open or undefended can not be attacked
Art. IT. All necessary steps should bo
taken to spare as far as possible build
ings devoted to rehgion, arts, sciences
and charity, hospitals and places where
6iqk and wounded are collected, on con
dition that they are not used at the same
time for military purposes.
Art. 18. A town taken by storm shall
not be given up to the victorious troops
Art. 23. Prisoners of war should be*
treated with humanity. All their
personal effects except their arms are to
considered their own property.
Articles 36 and 37. The population of
an occupied territory can not be com
pelled to take part in military operations
against their own country, nor to swear
allegiance to the enemy's power.
Art. 3S. The honor and rights of a
family, the life and property of Individ*
mils, as well as their religious convic
tions and the exercise of their religion,
should be respected. Private property
can not be confiscated.
Art. 89. Pillage is expressly forbidden.
?Globe-Democrat Book Review.
A Correspondent's Opinion of Chicago.
It is the objective center of every
western railroad; it has energy, thrift;
and money; it is Chicago?the busy,
pushing, substantial, good, bpd, hand
some, ugly, prosaic, and interesting city
of the great west. One must see it be
fore thinking he has seen America. It is
to the west what New York is to the
east?the great center, the real me
tropolis, the city where there is to bo
seen every phase of life that has any
where an existence. Its many arms
reach out in every direction, grasping
whatever is good, bad or indifferent.
Like a huge giant, ravenous and strong,
it lies in the very center of ;1k; country,
feeding upon the east and its own sur
rounding territory, and supplying the
j cities and the villages that have now
grown accustomed to look to it for their
support.?Cor. San Francisco Paper.
Strange Fun for Young Men.
Young men in Nashville used to have
' a strange idea of fun. About twenty
[years ago, during a cold Bpell, they
i organized a society with fun as its
avowed object. The fun consisted in
raising money and distributing it among
the poor people of the city and county,
j In the course of one winter they raised
! and gave away ?17,000. The young men
J who were engaged in this frolic are now
! gray-headed, but they maintain that
: they never in their iives enjoyed them
I selves as much as they did during that
j memorable winter. A few auch practical
jokes would be a blessing to every town
in the United States.?Chicago Journal.
System of Worklngraen's Insurance.
An important meeting of managers of
the savings banks in the principal cities
has taken place at Milan. - They consti
tuted the superior council of the newly
instituted national bank for tne Insur
ance of workmen against accidents aris
ing during their work. In the first year
of operations 18,000 workmen availed
themselves of the advantages of this sys
tem of insurance.
Blue Ink on Green Paper.
One of the holiday books recently is
sued in England was printed in blue ink
on green paper. This was done in ac
cordance with the advice of a German
scientist, who says that the short-sight
edness of his countrymen is due in part
to the German characters, but mainly to
the violent contrast of ink and paper?
black and white.?Chicago Herald.
A CROWS' ROOST NEAR BALTIMORE.
Au Interesting Sight to Trareloro?A
Perfect Sentry System?Habits.
A short distance beyond the city limits
on. the Baltimore & Potomac railroad, i
an interesting sight is witnessed by
travelers in the late afternoon trains. ;
About 4 o'clock in the afternoon large
numbers of crows, the most striking ;
objects in our wintry landscape, begin
to congregate from various parts of the
country. Some have been down to tho
Patapso river, while others have 6pent
the day near the headwaters of the
Back, Bush, and Gunpowder rivers, and
even upon the banks of the Snsque- i
banna. By dark all liave returned, and
the low trees on both sides of the rail
road track are covered with thousands
and thousands of these birds. This as
sembly of the crows is known as a roost,
and has been in existence for many
years, ehaiigmg each year according to
the destruction of the trees. Now,
crows as well as other birds fly south
ward upon the approach of cold weather,
and it is said that whenever large num
bers remain here it is a sign that the
winter will be mild. This year so. many
more have remained that the presump
tion is either that the weather will be
unusually open, or the crow*, who are
60 intelligent in other matters, are fail
ures as weather prophets. Crows resort
to their winter roost* in the early fall
as Boon as their young have been suffic
iently trained in thieving and robbery
to help support themselves. They con
gregate at this time for mutual pro
tection and maintenance.
They have a perfect sentry synrem by
which they are warned of the approach
of enemies, and their particular foe, the
great horned or bul>o ow l. This bird
dotes on crow. Place befon him a
plump fowl, a mouse or a blackbird,
which he would generally devour, then
bring to him a scrawny crow, and he
will turn from the other food and seize
it with avidity. Consequently, when
crows light upon the bifoo, they sum
mon their fellows and apparently be
come oblivious to everything else, so
great is their rage at having within their
power a mortal enemy. Several will
dash at him and beat about him with
outspread wings. Driven to desperation
lie will fly away, and will immediately
be followed by a black cloud of tor
mentors, whose angry, noisy cawing will
be heard when they are a long distance
As to their food crows may be said to
be almost omnivorous. In summer time
the)* will content themselves with eat
ing the eggs of smaller birds, smaller
Bird themselves, young chickens, grain,
mice etc. But when ice and snow have
bound everything almost hi nature, the
crows are hard put to secure food and
drink. Then they travel in large flocks, I
levying upon barnyards, searching in
lets or creeks for dead fish or Other offal,
feasting upon some dead ahfan&l o:* other
carrion, and when very hungry' attack
ing a disabled hare. Some few winters
ago such was the scarcity of their food
in the country that they whirled through
'.the street of the city, and beating down
tlie river following the wake of the ice
boat formed a black fringe upon the j
edges of the newly plowed ice in search
of drink and food.
Though the crow follows civilization,
driving the raven before it. he is a most
cautious creature, and displays great in
telligence in eluding snares or dangers
of an)- kind. For (several mouths the
crows will bide at their roost at night,
flying away during the day and return
ing at evening in a straight fine, from
which they will deviate only to aid one
of their fellows. They will go to al
most any ends to do this, and the large
open field in Druid Hill park has lieen
seen black with them flapping their
wings and uttering their cries over
the in ' -) to one of them.?Baltimore
Remarks About the Hot "Water Crate.
I was thinking about the hot water
craze the other day?how general it was,
and how completely it has gone out of
fashion. It was almost equal to the
great blue-glass hoax, the most remark
able craze or delusion of modern times.
Seriously speaking, I know of only a
few people who are still engaged in the
use of hot water as a specific for dyspep
sia, but I know of no case when? a cure
lias been effected.
Now, in the case of a man given to
drinking whiskey iu the morning, I
should imagine that the substitution of
hot water would be a good thing. It
would certainly relieve the dyspepsia.
One of my patients told me that he bad
been drinking hot water, morning and
evening, but it did him no good. I was
not surprised at this when he told me
that he had been using the hot water in
connection with the other ingredients
necessary to make a hot-Scotch. I
don't mean to say, however, that any
harm attaches to the hot-water cure,
but its best effects can only be secured
hi connection with profound faith.?Dr.
A. C. Robinson.
Dangers of tho Metric System.
The metric system of weights and
measures was adopted enthusiastically
in many lal)oratories when first intro
duced, but is now said to be rapidly
losing ground. It has boen the cause of
many serious errors. The fact that the
misplacement of a little dot will tarn a
comparatively harmless dose of medi
cine into one having a deadly poisoning
power bears strongly against it. Mr.
Oscar Oldberg, a much respected drug
gist, wiio formerly advocated the sys
tem, has decided it to be unsuited to our
requirements, and this will have much
influence with many people who felt
the defects of the system, but did not
like to reject it.?Exchange.
A venerable and very dry codfish
hangs from the ceiling of the represen
tatives' chamber in the Massachusetts
state house. The fish was put there 101
years ago, by a vote of the legislature,
to be "a memorial of the importance of
the cod fishery to the welfare of the
commonwealth, as had been uwal form
erly."? New York Sun.
AS THE SEASON IS NEAR AT
HAND FOR PUTTING IN
And wishing to make roorc, we will make
it to the interests of all to eall and get
As wc are determined not to carry over
any Fall Stock. We still lead in low
prices and are Headquarters for
I GENT'S, YOUTH'S AND BOY'S
Our trade in
Zeigler's Fine Shoes
For Ladies was never netter. Every pair
Wo cany the largest and be?t Steck of
In the market. All warranted.
C IT AR L ESTON q V OTATION S.
COME AND SEESFOR.YOURSELF.
GEO. H. CORNELSON
NEWLY FITTED UP
OPPOSITE THE TENT.
We do not propose to undersell
everyone else, but we are ready to
meet fair competition. Our Stock is
now complete: give us a call
Mr. I. S. CUM MINGS is with us,
and will be glad to see his old friends
We sell the. ROYAL 1ST. JOHN
Machines of all makes repaired.
Large Wogoa Yard in rear of
VOSE & SALLEY.
Dress and business suits for Men, Youths
and Boys. Tins is the largest stock ever
brought to this city. I particularly ask an
inspection of these gootls now, in order that
I may have your verdict of approval. And
after vou have seen this display of Tailor
Made Clothing, Gents' Furnishing Goods,
Fine Shoes, Hats and Neckwear, I feel a?
snred that you will be pleased not only wltb
the goods but the low prices 1 am selling
them at. I desire you to handle them, to
bring all your experience to bear in judging
them; critically examine their make, fabric
and trimmings, test the sewing, try them
on; in fact make a study of them as well as
the prices, then go to other houses and make
the comparison. I am satisfied that you
will return and make your selection out ef
this beautiful stock and to find the goods as
I represent them to be, aud give you fulJ
satisfaction in every instance, as my goods
are made by first-class workmen. All or
ders sent to my care will receive prompt
.U. L. KINARDi i'olnmbia, s. Cr
Twenty-five Years Experience.
Watch Makku and Jkwki.kic,
And dealer In Watches, (.'locks, .Jewelry
Spectacles, Silver and Plated Wareaiiti
Musical Instruments. All werk warranted
for one year. Orangeburg. . C;
iwrh your "property
KIRK ROBINSON, AGENT.
[COMPANIES ALL fist-class AND
,'lossKS PROMPTLY ADJUSTED AND
. COLLECTIONS PROMPTLY ATTEND
1 am -till selling Brick, Lime, Laths.
Hair and other Kuildiitg Material.
I 1 am now prepared tn furnish Coal and
! Wood in any quantity. All order- left
with me -hall have prompt attention. No
drayagc charged. tJive me atrial.
July KIRK ROBINSON
aiiial [.ATMla11*. I\ WAKXAMAKO.
Orailgeburg, S. c. St. Matthews. S. c.
I A I I!II' I:' A WAX.VAMAKKir.
ATTOILNF.YS AT law.
I htANCiKUCKO, s. ('.
' Mihi: L'p Stairs " ?ver tlie I'ostollice.