OCR Interpretation

The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, March 11, 1886, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063756/1886-03-11/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

A Manly Letter frem the Master of the
State Gran^o? Ko Approves the Conven
tion, Bat Repudiates "Moses*' Tillman
at a Lender.
Hon. James N. Lipscomb has author
ized the publication of the following let
ter, in reply to one from a prominent
farmer and politician in the Eastern part
of the State on the "Farmers' Move
ment," which has attracted so much at
tention and discussion;
February 12, 1886.
Hon. J. iV. Lipscomb.
DeabSib: Pardon the liberty I take
in writing to you on a personal matter?
yet when looked at from all sides it is
hardly personal. Your open, manly,
courageous advocacy of farmers' rights
has commanded the admiration of our
farmers over here and made us feel a
public interest in you, and we desire to
see you continued in high place. A good
many over here have expressed the hope
that you would throw the weight ofy??l'
influence toward the larmers' conven
tion, though Tillman did scratch you a
little over here. He wrote me he regret
ted having to do it, but could not heip it,
to keep from being personal toward
others. He said you alone spoke Jfor his
resolutions. The wave, I believe, will
sweep the State, and we waut you to go
with "us, and uDless you do I fear you
will$ref left. Please now, don't think
me presumptuous, or inclined even to
dictate or advise, where you alone have
a right to choose. My simple interest
In you as our old leader prompts me. to
thus write you. You may for all I
know have already crossed the Rubicon,
but have not seen it. I feared the pres
sure around you among the offiee holderr
minht keep you from acting till some
would say you were driven into it,
though I know your indepent spirit don't
run in that line, A good many promi
nent Grangers over here urged me to
drop you a line, so do please don't mis
construe my motive and take offense
were we wish to helpyou, and shown our
regard. Our county is going solid for
farmers' convention. Yours very truly,
My Deab Sib:?There was no
liberty taken in your writing to me as
you did in yours of the 12th, and no
apology needed. I am glad to receive a
letter exrpessing such consideration for
me and recognizing my honest efforts in
the past in behalf of agriculture and the
farmers of the State
It was, and is a labor of love to me,
and after some thirty years spent in that
way I feel no inclination or reason to
cQatrg?r~*fTrrn~ja8t'Us deeply interested
in and as loyally devoted to the agri
cultural interests and clarses of the
State and country now as I ever have
been, and I am ready and anxious to
work zealously and independently in
prompting their welfare. None know
better than you and your fellow farmers
of- how for years I have urged the
vital need of organization of the State and
nation. This I still deem most essen
tial to any scheme, policy or plan that
will successfully advance their true
interest, and consequently the true and
best interests of the entire country and
whole people.
To secure this, I should say that, as
an important auxiliary, co-operative
machinery, or strengthening adjunct, a
convention composed of farmers, repre
senting farmers, knowing what is due to
farmers, and at the same time due to
others?ready to demand what is due
themselves and determine to accept no
less; ready to recognize and respect the
rights of others; ready to assume a
policy true, honest, just and fair; ready
to reform and improve the laws, cus
toms and systems that govern and effect
agriculture and farmers, instead of des
troying them?would be extremely de
sirable aud eminently beneficial. This
I, you aud others "have for years been
trying to do through the Grange aud
other agricultural organizations, with, I
contend, sigrial, though partial, success.
Such a conveution I shall hail with jov,
and to such I will give my most cordial
support aud zealous aid.
But to a conveution to be called and
controlled, appointed and organized by
Mr. B. R. Tillman, who has outraged
all the courtesies and decencies of life;
who has shown an utter recklessness in
his assertions and iusinuations as to
men and things, who wants to do noth
ing good but what you and I and many
other farracrc have been for years work
ing for, but I fear desires to pull down,
destroy and obliterate everything and
everybody, from Hampton and Democ
racy down to himself and chaos; who is
an avowed dcstructionist instead of con-!
structionist; who asserts that no man in
the State, farmer or other, has ever
been put in office that he did not at onco
and then become disloval, corrupt aud
venal; who proposes to destroy all the
institutions established for the benefit of
the farmers by others, and has nothing
.to replace them with except a college
with him as trustee; who from self-dcli
? ciency cannot realize in any other purity
? of motive or honesty of purpose; to such
,a conveution, called and manipulated by
such a man for such purposes, I and
you, and the farmers of the State, can
not look tor help or good. You say,
'Mr. Tillman wrote me he regretted
having to attack you, but could not help
. it to keep from being personal towards
others.' He said you aioue 'spoke for
his resolutions,' still he denies my hon
? csty of purpose, purity of motive, loy
alty to my class, and insinuates that I
am" a corrupt politician, working in the
harness of a ring and for it betraying
?the trust placed in my hands by both
the farmers and Democrats of South
Carolina. Such a man can be no Moscb
? for me,' nor can he safely be for auv por
. tlon of the .farmers of this State. So,
.for.a real, simon-pure farmers' couven
Col M Glover Jan 1. '86
'9. OB
tion, just count me in for all I am or
ever expect to be, but for Moses "ill
man, and what he bosses' count me out.
I have written you plainly, for it is my
way and due under the circumstances*.
As soon as the proceedings of the recent
session of the State Grange are printed
I will send you a copy and ask you to
read my dadress, which is part of my
public official record. As for my being
continued in office, it is for the people
to say. As incumbent I make no claim
over "any other good Democrat. My
ouly plea is honesty, fidelity, lovalty and
duty done. Whenever dismissed I am
ready to retire to the ranks of the far
mers and Democrats without question
or murmur. But I have too much laith
in the people of South Carolina to think
I am to be punished for not admitting
or accepting Mr. B. 11. Tillman as the
'?Moses" and leader of the farmers or
people of this Stale.
The importance I attach to the inter
ests of our classes Is my ouly apoiogy
for the length of this letter, as I feel
bound to freely and fully give my views
on questions of public policy when asked
to do so, as in this case, and have noth
ing to conceal. You arc at liberty to
make this letter as pnblic as yon choose.
With the kindest wishes and the high
est regard for you and my many friends
io your section, I am,
Very respectfully and fraternally,
Jas. N. Lipscomd.
The Free Traders to Hold a Meeting in
"The South Carolina Free Traders
are terribly in earnest. The Executive
Committee of the Association met in
Columbia and decided to call a meeting
of the State Association June 2, and
perfected arrangements for the exer
cises of the occasion. They propose to
vigoro'us'iy canvass the State for the pur
pose of displacing members of Congress
Ironi Carolina who arc not in accord
with their views on the tariff question.
Hot times are ahead in the Palmetto
The above is from the Augusta Chron
icle and iutunates that m the coming
campaign we may expect other causes
of dissension than we have heretofore
contended with. The Free Trader pro
pose to make a vigorous ellbrt to com
pel our Congressmen tc support their
The following is a list of speakers
who will address the confine: meeting;
Gen. Edward McCrady, of Charles
ton, will present a brief account of
??The Origin and Growth of Protection
in the United States."
Mr, B. 0. Duncan will give a "His
tory of the Free Trade Struggle in Eng
. Col. ?Tonn W. R. Pope, of tho Regis
ter, wiil discuss "South Carolina's Re
cord on the Tariff Question."
Hon. W. R. Davle, of Chester, will
show "The Relation of the Tariff to
Mr. "ST. G. Gonzales, of the Xews and
Courier, will expain the "Duty of the
Press in the present Free Trade Agita
The public may expect a very enter
taining meeting when the account is
published in some of the so-called Free
Trade papers ol the State, but we think
it would be rather dull to listen to the
addresses. Our friends in the crowd I
who arc taking this route to Congress
will find it a very hard road io travel.
They are about as near there now as
they will ever get on such a hobby.
They had better get up something bet
ter, for our people will not turn out a
faithful representative for any such
chimerical reasons. It is well enough,
however, to have a little fun as we go
along,? Abbeville Medium.
A Sad Keversc of Fortune?From Kichcs
to Want.
Mr. J. 11. Randall, the accomplished
Washington correspondent of the
Augusta Chronicle, says : "The other
day I met on the street a man, now old,
gray aud rather seedy, who has bad
some curious variations of fortune. lie
is discended from one of the oldest and
proudest families in the South. In early
manhood he was professor m a Univer
sity along with a friend who now holds
a distinguished political position. Then
hejbecame a popular and learned minis
ter of the Gospel. When the war broke
out he joined the C'onfcderats army and
attaiucd high command. After the con
flict, be affiliated with the Republicans
and, for a year or two, led a factioual
fight, in a reconstructed State. His side
lost the game, and, from that time, he
has apparently gone down, down, until
the wreck of so much talent and courage
is fearful to contemplate. Out of his
worn vest pocket he takes a harmomcon
to blow the old war tunes of the South;
and when he can get boon companions,
tells ecrofulous anecdotes aud sings, in
a quavering voice, salacious songs. Can
there he anything more dreadful than
noble gilts perverted to such uses!"
An Honest "Warning.
The president of the Butchci-s' and
Provision Dealers' Association und the
president of the Hide aud Tallow As
sociation testified before a si.b-eom
mittec of the finance cummittc3 of the
city council of Philadelphia, a few days
ago, that "large quantities of diseased
meat, quite unlit for consumption," arc
sold in that city. Some of the canned
J beef, which is so largely sold, they de
i clared to be "entirely unfit for use, be
I ing so diseased? as to be otherwise uu
j marketable." These statements arc
I taken from a Philadelphia newspaper,
which says of the witnesses whom it
quotes that, they "undoubtedly know of
what they speak," and laments that the
board of health has "no authority to
interfere with" the sale of the meat in
question, in any form.
"The flowers that bloom in the
spring" are quite backward this year.
An Address Setting Forth the Grievances
of the Tillers of the Soil and Urging
them to It-ally for the Protection of their
Klghts und the Promotion of their In
To the Farmers of South Carolina :
Seventy-six per cent, of our State's
population are actively engaged in
agricultural pursuits. At least one
half of the remainder are directly de
pendent upon the farmers for the
means of a livelihood. "We may justly
claim, then, that we constitute the
State, yet we do not govern it, nor are
the laws administered in our interests,
and few are passed for our benefit.
We pay taxes and vote and there is
no further use for us, These taxes do
not grow auy loss. While our ability to
pay them grows smaller year by year,
and nothing worth naming has been
done to foster and encourage that in
terest which feeds and sustains all
others. The negroes used to be the
"mudsills" of our economic fabric; but
thousands of white men?land owning
farmers?find themselves slowly but
surely sinking beneath the waves to be
added to the foundation upon which
a few men and corportions are erecting
their fortunes. Impending bankruptcy
stares thousands in the face, while
other thousands are overseering their
own plantations for their victuals and
An insane system of farming largely
prevails and our lands are growing
poorer year by year. Large areas of
South Carolina are being made a desert
to feed negroes, while the land-owners,
giving no thought to the future them
selves and children, stand idly by, or
assist and direct this skimming ofX
State, which, by reason of soil, climate
and geographical position, might-"be
made a veritable Garden of Eden-./ The
negroes will "go West" wheor^hebones
are picked. What will \v??o? We are
"farming towards despafry in thus con
tinuing to impoverish our lands by
ignorant culture, but nothing is done
by our Legislature, or its creatures, to
stop it, or to try to teach the people a
better and wiser system. Forty thous
and dollars are spent annually in the
State, three-fourths of it paid by far
mers, to educate men for other profes
sions and pursuits; the farmers get
nothing, and are left to grope their
way towards the grave in ignorance
and its consequent poverty. Even the
pittance donated to educate farmers by
the United State3 Government is taken
from us and appropriated to sustain
the institution at which our future
masters are being trained. How thank
ful we should be to the good Lord for
such generosity and wisdom among our
statesmen, so-called I
Again, we pay 825,000 annually by
specific tax, which comes out of th9
farmer alone, to sustain a department
of agriculture. A good slice of this is
spent to collect the phosphate royalty,
which goes to support the State Gov
ernment, and the rest is frittered and
wasted, so far as we can see, the only
benefit received by the farmers being a
partial protection against fraudulent
A majority of the board of agricul
ture are not engaged in farming. Who
wonders, then, that so little has been
done t>y it to benefit our farming in
terests ?
Fou. bad crops out of five and the
consequent poverty of the farmers cry
aloud for economy and reduction of
taxes. But this cry, which came from
every county, was ignored by the last
Legislature, which also persistently
refused to obey a plain mandate of the
Constitution to provide for a reap
portionment of representatives by hold
ing a census. It is small wonder, then,
that nothing was done to protect far
mers against robbery by dishonest fer
tilizer manufacturers.
The Legislature which recently ad
journed, though not corrupt, has been
very negligent of the public welfare.
The thoughtful and intelligent far
mers of the State cannot afford to elect
another such body of law makers and
Constitution breakers. JTSTor can they
afford to allow the agricultural inter
ests of the State to bo subordinated to
everything else, and no effort made to
foster and protect them. Other States
with. less expenditure than we are
making, are doing ten times as much
to encourage and assist those engag
ed in farming. But the money spent
is not entrusted to politicians or to
those elected by politicians. The far
mers manage and control it themselves.
Believing, therefore, that the crisis
demands prompt and united action on
the part of the true and loyal farmers
of the State, and that a convention of
such can only redound to the benefit of
agriculture and consequently of every
other interest and calling, we call such
a convention to meet in the sity of Co
lumbia, Thursday the 29th of next April,
to take into consideration the question
touched upon in this address, together
with such other matters as they may
deem of importance to the political,
social, educational or industrial inter
ests of the farmers and of the State.
Each county agricultural society is
requested to send live delegates.
Each local or township agricultural
club is requested to send one delegate.
The farmers of each county arc re
quested to send live delegates over and
above those from organized societies,
and to effect this it is suggested that
those in sympathy with the movement
call a mass meeting or county conven
tion of farmers in their respective
counties to appoint said delegates.
If the wisest and best of our farmers
thus assemble we feel and believe there
is enough of both patriotism and states
manship among us to find remedies for
those evils; and, without trenching
upon the rights of others, manhood
enough to demand and obtain a proper
recognition of our rights and needs.
While this s essentially a farmers'
movement we invite the sympathy and
moral support of good men of every
calling. Agriculture is the basis of
our economic structure and supports
the rest. It cannot rise without carry
ing with it the superstructure.
There is among the politicians in
!# Hi
South Carolina an up-country and low
country. There is no such line of di
vision among the farmers. Our inter
ests are one. Let us come together from
the mountains to the sea, and. exercis
ing the God-given right that the ma
jority should govern, organize as far
mers and obliterate this line forever.
J. T. Hanna, J. L. Bryan,
S. S. Newell, J. A. McAllister,
J. Jameson, G. M. McDavid,
B. R. Beaty, M. B. Williams,
J. M. Elgin, D. F. Saddler,
J. A. Gray, J. T. Cook,
B. F. Duncan. J. Watkins,
Wm. Wilkins, J. L. Wofford,
A. E. Fant, Wm. Jefferies,
J. L. Walker, J. A. Major.
B. P. Cllnkscales, Wm. Cooper,
N. L. Ervin, J. G. McCutchen,
D. N. Johnson, Ben S. Williams,
H.P.Duvull, C.A. Berry,
B. II. Montgomery^. C. Smith,
T. B. Martin, Albert Harris,
J. B. 0. Landrum, E. S. Allen,
C G. Tutt, A. P. West,
H.R.Thomas, B. Ganse,
T. L. Houces, B, J. Betsill,
R. B. Lyons, J. R. Mopsey, Sr.
H. H. Gooch, W. D. Evans,
J. H. David, W. B. Drake,
J. H. Lane, M. D. R. M. Pegues,
J. T. Covington, Chas. Crosland,
J.R.Morrison, Jas. Blalock,
J. O. Jones, J. C. Davis,
J. G. Williams, M. S. Stribling,
J. H. Bowen, J. W. Sheler,
M. L. Donaldson, II. B. Buist,
0. P. Hawthorne, S. P. Burbage,
T. C. Willoughby, J. L. Hunter,
Sam J. Hutson, J. E. Tindal,
Harry Hammond, R. J. Haukinson,
J. H. Stafford, D. L. McLaurin,
W. J. Gooding, Wm. Stokes,
R. T. Mockbee, Benj. Mock,
M. F. Barnett, J. H. Whorten.
Wm. Long, T. W. Goldsmith,
IV W. Anderson, J. M. Whitmire,
?-John R. Harrison, W. A. McElvey,
?Alex. C. Norton, Robt. S. Beckham,
W. S. Ollen, W. H. Timmerman,
S. B. May3, H. B. Gallman.
M. A. Morkest, 0. F. Cheatham,
W. L. Durst, B. R. Tillman.
Not Such a Bad and "Worthless Set Aftor
Brother Wallace, of the Newberry
Obsever, has this to say about lawyers:
"It occurs to us that there was a time
when it was not objected that lawyers
held prominent positions in the country,
and at a time, too, when they served
not for salary, but for patriotism. Let
us run over the list of the Generals that
were in the Confederate army from
South Carolina and see what their occu
pations were before they went into the
war. It may give some new idea to
small politicians whose slock in trade is
abuse of the lawyers. The list of Gen
erals may not be complete, but embraces
all that we can now call to mind:
VLawyers?Maxcey Gregg, J. B. Ker
8nit~, John- D. Kennedy, Samuel Mc
Gowan, W. H. Wallace, M. W. Gary,
M. L. Bonham, M. C. Butler, States
Rights Gist, James Conner, James
ChestDut, Abner Pcrrin.
"Planters?Wade Hampton, John
JSratton, John Draytou, Paul Trapler,
Johnson Hagood, A. M. Manigault,
Stephen D. Elliott.
"Regular Army?R. H. Anderson,
Stephen D. Lee, John Dunuovant, R, S.
Ripley, N. G. Evans, Barnard Bee.
"Teacher?MIcah Jenkins.
"The above may prove interesting
reading to those who think that lawyers
are too prominent in these piping times
of peace; who think that lawyers arc
public enemies; that lawyers have no
patriotism, but only want the offices for
private greed and personal and profes
sional aggraudizcment,
"Can anybody point out any bad legis
lation or maladministration that lawyers
are responsible for? How could such a
tiling be when they have always been in
a minority in the Legislature ? And in
looking over the list of State officers the
only lawyers we fiud there arc Lieuten
ant Governor Sbcppard, who is simply
Prcsedcut of the Senate, and Attorney
General Miles?this officer must of neces
sity be a lawyer. So that if there is auy
maladministration the lawyers arc not
responsible for it. Then why this whole
sale denunciation of lawyers? Lctcvry
man stand on his own individual merits.
There is no sense in trying to array one
class of citizens against another. And
It is wrong."_
Driven from the West by Mobs lie Flies
East to Other Ills.
El Paso, Texas, March 4.?In the
last few days a large number of Chinese
from California have passed through El
Paso on their way to New Orleans and
some Texas cities. Mauy of them are
also locating in the territorial towns ot
New Mexico and Arizona. San Fran
cisco is represented as swarming with
Mongolians who have been driven out
of Oregon and Washington Territories,
and the pressure, it is claimed, is being
relieved by the "six companies," which
j are shipping them East where the au
tagonism against the Chinese is not as
! strong as on the Pacific slope. Iiis in
| flux, however, into the territories of Ari
zona and New Mexico, had aroused the
j latest antagonism there and anti-Chinese
j leagues have already been orgauized at
Socarra|and other towns in New Mexico,
and at Tucson and Tambataue, Arizona,
which places are suficring from a heavy
increase in their Chinese population,
and which may lead to their violent
eviction, as was recently the case in
Washington Territory._
Perished at Niagara Falls.
Suspension Bridge, March 2.?A
man thirty-live or forty years old came
here from Buffalo this afternoon, lie
took a carriage to the rapids and thence
to the falls, where he went on the ice
bound base of the American Fall. It is
said he was from New York. It is
probable that he came here from Buffalo,
! where he was stopping, iutcudiog to re
j turn there to-night. The mau was of
medium size, with saudy whiskers, and
wore a silk hat and a frock overcoat.
He looked like a German.
A Virginia Farmer Kills His Cousin for
Alleged Assault on His Wife.
Petersburg, Va., March 2.?A
shocking tragedy occurred near Wavcrly
Station, on the Norfork and Western
Railroad, last Saturday. William P.
Rain and Quincy Bam, cousins, met on
the road, and, after passiug, ? Quincy
Bain turned and discharged both barrels
of his gun, charged with buckshot, at
William Bain, striking him in the head,
killing him mstantly. The murderer
then walked up to the body of his vic
tim and shot him with a pistol through
the back of the head. The crime was
committed in the presence of a niau
named Morris, who, with the murdered
man, was unarmed. The murderer
made his escape, but efforts are being
made to capture him, and there is strong
talk of lynching.
The murdered man was a prominent
Republican, and for a long time was a
Supervisor of Sussex county. A lew
years ago ho and T. W. Atkinson be
came involved in a difficulty, during
which Atkinson was stabbed by Bam
and instantly killed. Bain was acquit
ted, having been defended by able coun
sel. He was indicted in the County
Court of Sussex for an attempted assault
on Quincy Bain's wife, for which he
was to have been tried next Thursday.
It is understood that recent develop
ments have proven that the charges
could not have been sustained and that
the prosecution would have asked the
court for a nolle prosequi.
The murderer and his victim are mar
ried and about thirty-five years of age.
They arc prominent men and highly
connected. A. couple of weeks ago
Bam, the murdered mau, had his store
and its contents burned. He was asleep
in the building and barely escaped with
his life.
The Knmbor of Offices Filled by the Presi
dent In Ono Year.
The senate has caused to be publish
I ed a complete list of the nominations
made by Mr. Cleveland, among which,
of course, are those in the place of offi
cers "suspended."
This publication has reference only to
"presidential offices," so called, to
which the "advice and consent" of the
senate is necessary. There are about
four thousand of these. Of these four
thousand places Mr. Cleveland has filled
in less than a year between one thous
and eight hundred and one thousand
nine hundred w.th men of his own
choice. About one thousand two hun
dred ot these appointments were to fill
vacancies by death, resignation or the
expiration of terms. In the remainder
?643 in number?he "suspended" offi
cers before the expiration of their four
year terms, and appointed men of his
owu selection in their places. It ap
pears from this accession Mr. Cleveland
has seen nearly a third of the presiden
tial office: -4welvc hundred out of four
thousand?fall into his hands in the
natural course, by death, resignation or
expiring of terms. At this rate, by the
time he had held office three years near
ly all these four thousand places would
have become vacant and would have been
filled by him with Democrats, even had
he refused to remove or suspend a single
ofiice holder of this class.
One More Knock Down Argument That
Printer's Ink Will Pay.
Last week we published a notice from
E. W. Watson, Esq.. at Bradley, of the
arrest of a nc^ro in possession of a mule
and wagon and bale of cotton under sus
picious circumstances. The morning
the publication appeared (Tuesday) Mr.
R. T. Gordon living four miles from
town on the Due West road, came into
town and reported that a bale of cotton
had been stolen from him. His atten
tion was called to the article in the Mes
senger and lie immediately sent Mr.
George Milford down to Bradley, where
he identified and received the bale of
cotton, and now Isaac Wardlaw. the
thief, is safely confined in ja? to await
the coming of the June term of Court.
The citizens who arrested this fcliow
deserve credit for their prompt action.?
Abbeville Messenger, March 3.
A Dastardly Attempt.
Some unknown parties of fiendish na
ture broke iuto the powder magazine of
McCord & Sou, at the extreme end of
the old fair grounds, and bursted the
heads of two or three kegs of powder,
put them under a barrel and attached a
fuse'thirty or forty feet long; the end of
which reached outside of the building.
The fuse was lit, but it is supposed the
rain must have put it out. Had the de
mous been successful in their worn, fifty
thousand pounds of powder would have
been destroyed and great damage done
to life and property for a great distauce
around. It is to be hoped that the cul
prits will be caught and severely dealt
with.' There is no punishment that
would be too severe lor such rascals.?
Augusta Chronicle.
A Church Erolvcd.
Owing to feeling created by the recent
discussion of the evolution doctrine, a
part of the congregation of thc'first Pres
byterian Church of Columbia has seced
ed, and with the consent of the Charles
ton Presbytery has organized a Second
Presbyterian Church, "it is quite proba
ple that Dr. Girardeau, with whom the
sympathies of this congregation arc
will be called to the pastorate. The
church was organized last Sunday with
twenty-three members.
J. Ilondrlx McLane Coming To.
The Feasterville (Fairfield county)
correspondent of the Winusboro Xews
and Herald says under date of March 3:
Rumor says that the Greenback apostle
is slipping around and talking of rcform
iugancw party called "Independent."
Evrybody knows what that means
more Radical money in 1838 or sooner.
E $1.00 PEE ANNUM.
A Married Woman Elopes "With a Lover
and is Followed by Her Husband Who
Kills Her and Ends His Own Life.
St. Paul, Minn., March 2.?At the
Astoria House, In this citv on Saturday
night, Theodore P. Rich shot his wife
dead and then killed himself. Mrs.
Fannie S. Itich and a Dr. II. S. Gale
arrived here in company a short time
ago from Bismarck. They left Cobles
kill, N. Y. on Januar3'2G lor New York
city, and from there they went direct to
Mrs. Rich was a pretty woman of 38
years, with a petite form and a pleasant
face. Her hair was brown, thickly
silvered with gray, which had been so
since she was 15 years old, when she
ran away from school for a clandestine
marriage with Frank Trimble, a son of
John M. Trimble, well known iu New
York and Albany years ago as an ar
chitect and theatrical manager. Trimble
still lives in the town from which the
two fled last month. She was unusual
ly bright, a fine scholar, and of good
parentage, being a daughter of the Hon.
Heury Smith, ot Albany, at one time
Speaker of the Slate Assembly and a
leading member of the Albany Bar.
Her marriage brought upon her the rage
of her father, but he relcutedaud spared
no wealth to make her life pleasant.
But after a short houey-moon her love
for Trimble died out, and the two part
ed, and for three years tiicy did not
meet. Ten years ago. after obtaining a
divorce, the woman who retained her
beauty i" spite of her troubles, became
the wife of Rich.
Less than a year ago Dr. Gale be
came acquainted with Mrs. Rich at Co
bleskill. He is a well appearing man,
thickset, with agrayishbrowu moustache
and with a well bred air. He dresses
well, and is appeartly a man of educa
tion and standing. When he first saw
Mrs. Rich he was struck with her beau
ty and with a feeling of pity that her lot
with her husbrnd was so hard, for he
says Rich used to abuse and annoy her
iu every possible way. Feelings of pity
for her lot and admiration for her beauty?
soon grow into love, which, he says,
was returned. He was her physician.
His visits to his charming patieut were
thought by the gossips to be more fre
quent than necessity required, although
she was said to be a victim of the mor
phine habit. Finally they decided to
elope and get married as soon as a di
vorce could be procured for her. Dr.
Gale left a wife and two children desti
tute.' Mrs. Rich took $6,000 with her.
From Chicago they went to Bismarck,
were proceedings for divorce were be
gun. They then went to St. Paul.
Yesterday they received a letter from
J. B. Smith, an uncle of Mrs. Rich, say
ing that Rich had discovered where they
were, and was in a terrible rage. They
had heard from their attorneys at Bis
marck several times, and in three weeks
the divorce would have becu executed,
aud then they would have been married
at once. Rich arrived yesterday morn
ing, and the first the couple saw of bun
was at the supper table. From there
Rich and his wife retired to Gale's room
where the former tried to prevail on his
wife to resume her relations with him.
This lie was unsuccessful iu doing, so
finally agreed to accept $5,000 and allow
of a divorce being taken. Within a few
minutes after this result was reached two
pistol shots were heard, and on breaking
into the room Rich and his wife were
found, each with a bullet through the
brain. The man was lying on the lloor,
his head against the wall, with a rcvol
cr clutched In his right hand. The wo
man had not fallen from the chair,
which was near the centre of the room,
but her head had fallen to one side, aud
from her left car a stream of blood was
running, which had trickled down on
her dark dress. A book she had been
reading had fallen, half opened beside
the chair, aud the blood had turned some
pages crimson. The book was entitled
UA Wife's Ilouor." It is quite certain
that there was a struggle. The woman's
hand was found clinched, and it was
burned, and the flesh was lorn some
what by the fatal bullet. It is thought
that she attempted to push away the
muzzle of the revolver, but he overpow
ered her and rammed the muzzle into
her car and fired while she still grasped
the revolver. A will exists giving all
her property to her uucle, J. S. Smith,
living at Coblcskill, in the event of her
ltefuge For Criminals.
By examining a map of the United
States a small strip several millions of
acres in extent, marked "Public land,"
will be seen dividing the State of Kan
sas aud Tcxaa. Tins strip of the coun
try was left out by mistake in the origi
nal surveys and is not included in any
State or Territorial jurisdiction. Neither
is it reached by United States law. It
is wholly without judicial authority aud
is consequently the abode of the very
worst classes in the country. Cattle
thieves and criminals of all kinds resort
to it as a refuge from justice and lately
cattlemen have partly taken possession
I of it to evade the action of the President
excluding them from the Indian Ter*
ritory. There they have established their
ranches, without fear of molestation.
The bill introduced by Senator Plump is
Intended to destroy the nest of criminals
and outlaws and place that strip of
country within the limits ol law and
civilization. The bill exlouds the
United States law over it and for judi
cial purposes attaches it to the State of
Parched and swollen lips indicate
worms. Shrincr's Indian Vermifuge
will destroy and eject theso detestablo
creatures from the intestines, thus
restoring tho child to health and beauty*

xml | txt