Newspaper Page Text
He, above the rest
In shape and gesture proudly eminent,
Stood like a tower; his form had not yet lort
/?1 its original brightness, nor appeared
Le^s than archangel ruined, and the excess
Of glory obscured: as when the sun, new
Looks through the horizontal misty air
Baora of his beams.
***** ? **
Darkened so, yet shone
Above them all the archangel; but his face
Deep scars of thunder bad intrenched; and
Sat on his faded cheek; but under brows
Of dauntless courage, and considerate pride,
OLD CALENDARS AND ALMANACS.
Customs of ltome and Greece ? What
Was Found In Pompeii.
Calendars and almanacs in these
modern days, when meteorology is a
science and astrology is no longer be
lieved in only by the few, have become
largely mere records of days (ordinary
and special), repositories of all manner
of information and facts, chronicles of
past everts, etc. They were, however,
very different things in times when the
practices of prophesying, planet ruling,
etc., wen? fully believed in.
It is sa'd to have been the custom from
the earli?st ages in Rome and, perhaps,
in Greece also, to publicly proclaim the
opening of each month in some public
place, and then and there to affix to some
pillar, etc., a table of the days of the
months, and the religious festivals, for
the information of the people. From
this circumstance the first day of the
month -was called Kalend or Calend, a
word derived from the Greek verb Kaleo
(I proclaim), and the placards were called
The oldest example at present known
of such an almanac or calendar is one
now preserved in the Museo Borbonico at
Naples, and is formed of a square block
of marble, It was found at Pompeii
and maj' have been public property or
have belonged to some wealthy citizen
who had a house of dependents requir
ing instructions in a simple manner.
Each side of the block is divided into
three columns, answering to the three
months of the year. They are each
headed by the proper sign of the zodiac,
and below information of three kinds is
given: Astronomical?The names of the
month, the number of days it contained,
the number of nones (fifth day before
the ides), the length of each day and
night, the sign of the zodiac through
which the sun passed, the equinoxes,
solstices, etc. Agricultural?Declaring
the principal operations to be carried on
in this month. Religious?Indicating
the god who was the guardian of the
month, and tho festivals occurring hi it,
?Leeds (Eng.) Mercury.
Loss Medicine and Longer Life.
It seems to Be a clearly proved fact
that since the abolition of pldebotomy,
dosing, and other empiricies of the old
school the average longevity of the
north Caucasian natives "has increased
nearly seven years. Many men who
have an unyielding prejudice against
medicines, and insist on treating their
disordors after a faslfion of then- own,
do seem to maintain health as well and
live as long as people who ruu to the
doctor with every besetting ill.?Inter
Tho Cuttlo of tho United States.
The number of cattle now in the
United States would make a column
twelve deep stretching from New York
to San Francisco and back again to Bos
ton'. The value of this enormous herd is
more than ?1,200.000,000 and the annual
product is four times as great in value as
tho yearly earnings of nil the railway
companies in the country.?Chicago
Kerosene Used as a Beverage.
A Berlin woman lately attempted tc
kill herself by drinking five ounces of
kerosene. She became unconscious, but
was fully restored to health hi three or
four days. The Deutsche Wochenschrift
tells of a man who drank habitually an
ordinary liquor glass of petroleum several
times weekly without any disagreeable
Better Than Text-Book Study.
Professor William F. M. Goss, a gradu
ate of the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, writes: "I behove that a
well-devised practice in any of the con
structive arts, involving not more than
one-third of the student's time, will yield
as much mental improvement as will re
sult if the whole time be devoted to study
from text- books."?Exchange.
An American School in Greece.
James Russell Lowell is at the head of
a Boston committee which is soliciting
funds with which to erect a building for
the American school of classical study at
Athens. The Greek government will
give the site, two acres of ground, worth
Spelled In 200 Different "Ways.
Dr. Pliny Barle, the retiring superin
tendent of the Massachusetts State
Lunatic hospital, preserves as a memento
of his incumbency 200 envelopes ad
dressed to him on which his name is
ingeniously spelled in 200 different ways.
Has a Good Opinion of Us.
Archdeacon Farrar i-; telling English
audiences that during his long journey
tbiough tho United States he saw less
drunkenness than in a single walk in
London, .lie thinks America is fax
ahead of England in temperance work.?
Death List of College Graduates.
Of the 072 Yale graduates who died in
tho ten years between 1*70 and 1885,
there were 271 who were past 70 years of
age. And these men received their
education when candle-lights were used
at morning prayers.?Yale Courant.
The Lnnguago of the "Wise.
Silence is absolutely necessary to the
wise man. Great speeches, elaborate dis
courses, pieces of eloquence, ought to be
it language unknown to him; his actions
ought to be his language.?Confucius.
Tho Bich Man and the Poor.
Contentment is not the result of the
satisfaction of the physical wants so
much as it is the result of the satisfying
of the sympathetic wants of men. The
American workingmen are not starving,
not even in our factory towns, but ser
vants, and butchers, and bakers, and
candlestick-makers and men of every
degree and station who are under em
ployers and cutoff, by lack of means and
refinement, from those of their fellows
whose life seems to be free and delightful,'
are starving for that kindlier treatment,
for that recognition of the identity, as
well as the difference, between them and
the rich, which the rich ?fe not always
graceful in according. The rich man
stands beside the poor man and the first
thing he notices is the difference, but if
he is as much of a man as he should he
will notice, too, the identity.
The differences are many, and most of
them differences which of ttimes might be
overcomo by a change in the circum
stances of either. The identity is some
thing deeper and less easy to change.
It is that they are both men, with hopes
aroused by much the same things, with
possibilities of hatred born of the same
causes, with the same general tempta
tions and repentance^ with the same
longings for affectionate appreciation,
with the same personal pride and the
same struggling panting desire for rest
and peace.?"Pentaur" in Kansas City
Something Better Than Gymnasium?.
I was talking with George Hanlon
about the exercise such athletes as he
recommend for the ordinary man to
pursue in order to keep tho muscles
properly developed. He said: "I am
down on gymnasiums for ordinary pur
poses. They overdo the thing. Too
often they are presided over by men whe
only care for the member's subscription
and take but little heed as to his course
of exercise. Heavy-weight lifting I won't
tolerate. It is most pernicious in its ef
t feots on the body, and improves one set
of muscles at the expense of another.
"What I recommend is the plain, old
fashioned rubber bands or tubes. Fasten
them to the wall, about breast high, and
then begin. There is no particular for
mula to go tlirough. Motions wi 11 suggest
themselves. "Another set of rubbers can
be fastened lower down and the legs ex
ercised by them. I have peculiar notions,
too, about bathing. I don't believe in
a comfortable room. Wet a towel, wring
it out thoroughly, and wipe the surface
of the entire body. Wet it again, but
leave a little more moisture in it, and
rub the body again. Once more, with
still more water on the towel, and then
rub off dry. Our family has found that
by all odds the best method."?Chicago
Tho Manufacture of Glycorino.
"The consumption of glycerine foi
medicinal purposes, arts and manufact
ures has greatly increased in the past few
years," said a Liberty square merchant.
"As you are probably aware," he con
tinued, "crude glycerine is the by-product
of the manufacture of candles. Tallow
or other animal or vegetable fats are
saponified, with the addition of water,
under heat and high steam pressure, in
closed tanks. The neutral fats separate
into fatty acids and glycerine, which lat
ter remains dissolved in the water. The
solution of glycerine thus formed is con
centrated and sold to refiners. Some ol
the latter, in order to cheapen the pro
cess of refining, bleach their half-refined
product by means of vegetable or animal
charcoal. This absorbs the color and
also some of the acids still in the glycer
ine, rendering it for a short time inodor
ous and almost colorless; but the seeds ol
further decomposition are not removed,
and in time the acids still contained in
the glycerine oxydize and the glycerine
becomes 'off color.' It should properly
be distilled until the last trace of impuri
ties is removed, when the glycerine be
comes chemically pure, inodorous and
The Musket as a Social Force.
The student of liistory reading the bill
of rights sees in even' clause the resull
of some successful war fought to wing
a concession of that particular principle
from the dominant class. The musket
bus steadily led the way and supported
every extension of the boundaries ol
freedom. Without so irresistible a
weapon within reach of every man's
hand, the world would still be prostrate
under the hoofs of an equestrian aristoc
racy, whose despotism would only be
tempted by the tyranny of kingcraft.
Artillery is monarchic, cavalry aristo
cratic and infantry democratic. Armoi
and the horse brought about the rule of
the few over the many; cannon bellied
make one man ruler over all, while the
musket is the agent of the popular will
and the pioneer of universal suffrago.
"All the government," says an eminent
philosopher, "depends upon the power ol
th<a majority to whip the minority." The
fundamental principle of democracy ?
that the wishes of 1,000 men shall pro
vail over those of 900 men, and the mus
ket gives the 1,000 men the physical
power to enforce their will upon the 90C
men."?Popular Science Monthly.
Stci-copticoii View of Cholera Bacilli.
There was exhibited at the university
in Rome, a short time since, a greatlv
enlarged stereopticon view of a plant,
or fungus, which was claimed to be the
cholera bacillus. Tho enlargement was
made by a series of photographs taken
through solar microscopes until the ba
cillus was shown about the size of an or
dinary catcua plant. It was covered
with spines and presented a very unin
viting appearance. Tho exhibition wa3
unique, as it is the first time that the bac
illus has ever been presented in a*vay in
which its peculiarities can be studied
fully and easily.?Boston Transcript.
Hot Ton for Kusslan Hack Drivers.
In St. Petersburg there are men who
take about hot tea in large metal pots
covered with felt, and sell it to hack
drivers and coachmen, who have to wait
for long hours in the cold when there ii
a party.?Foreign Letter.
The average age of the 1,400 inmatci
of Sing Shag is 20 years.
TYLER'S SECRETARY OF STATE.
)Che Bursting of a Cannon on the Prince
ton?A Historical Komlniscouco.
In the congressional cemetery also lies
buried the Hon. Abel Parker Upshur,
President Tyler's secretary of state, who
was killed on the steamer Princeton by
the bursting of a cannon. This terrible
accident, by which two members of
President Tyler's cabinet and three other
persons lost their lives, occurred the 28th
of February, 1844. Gen. John Tyler, Jr.,
is probably the only survivor of that ac
cident now living. In conversation the
other day he gave me a very vivid de
scription of the event. Ho said:
"Commodore Stockton was regarded as
the most advanced man in the navy of
his day. He bad made man}' improve
ments in various ways, and among others
had made two large wrought-iron can
non. He called these the "Peacemakers."
He invited the president and Ids oabinet
to take a trip down the Potomac on the
Princeton to lest these guns. They had
been shut several tunes before-dinner,
and the sport had been enjoyed greatly
by all present. At the close of the meal
Secretary Gilmer remarked to Commo
" 'It is a good while since we heard
"The commodore regarded this as an
order, coming as it did, from his superior
officer, and so rose immediately and
passed on deck, followed by Messrs. Up
shur, Gilmer, and the rest. My father
was a little in the rear. Secretary Gil
mer turned to me as he went above and
said: 'Will you look after Mrs. Gilmer?'
I knew what this meant, a3 Mrs. Gilmer
was delicate, and the loud report mado
her nervous. So I stayed behind. It
hardly seemed that they had had time
to reach the deck before the aw
ful report was heard. I felt sure that
something terrible had . happened, and
hastening up th? terrifying scene was be
fore me. There was some unforesoen
defect in the piece which had withstood
the former discharges but bad yielded at
last. Commodore Stockton was up to
that time one of the most popular men
in the country. He would, hi my opin
ion, have been president some time had
it not been for this accident. People in
some way indirectly attributed the fault
of this to him."?Cor. Chicago Tribune.
Making a New Merv Oasis.
The Russians who arc singularly sus
ceptible to new ideas and display an
audacity in engineering which has repeat
edly led them to act as pioneers in reduc
ing theory to practice, have fixed their
minds on a new enterprise, well calcu
lated to set on edge the teeth of English
and Indian statesmen. This is no Other
than the formation of a new oasis, as
large as that of Merv. along the new
frontier to the Oxus, which the Afghan
delimitation commission will delineate
as soon as the spring weather enables it
to quit its winter quarters at Tchans
Briefly, the scheme, which by the way
is not a mere newspaper project, but a
sober engineering design, complete in all
details, and drawn up on the spot by the
surveys of .Annenkoff, the conatruetot
of the Trnnscasphm railway, provides
for cutting tho bank of the Oxus neai
Tchnrdzhni, and allowiug the water to
run afresh through some ancient chan
nels running in the direction of Merv,
There is no particular novelty in the idea,
the oasis of Khiva being formed entirely
of country irrigated by an elaborate sys
tem of canals running out from the
Oxus near its entrance into the Aral sea,
while the Merv oasis is of a sbnilar
character, and uses up all the water ol
the Murghab.?London Engineering.
Man-Eating Tigers in u Cage.
Here, full upon the open square, as if
it wore part of the natural appurtenance!
of a Rajput capital, are confined eight
man-eating tigors, criminals of the neigh
boring jungles and hills, taken "red
handed," and imprisoned jus state cap
tives. The huge brindled beasts crouch at
the bars, savagely glaring forth upon the
moving crowd outside, too busy with
pleasure and traffic to notice them. Each
tiger has tasted deep of human biood?
one monstrous brute, lying on Ids back,
has devoured seven, another ten human
beings, and the tigress growling in the
last den is declared by her custodian tc
be known to have slaughtered fifteen
men, women and children. Most ol
Buch malefactors are shot, but these have
been snared in pitfalls, where the tiger if
left until hunger has reduced .him to ex
treme weakness, upon which the captors
manage to draw him forth, and shut him
up in life-long imprisonment.?G. A.
Sala's Jeypore (India) Letter.
Tho Changes of the Earth's Surface.
The recent appearance of a new island in
one of the Pacific ocean groups illustrates
the fact that hundreds of geographers
and surveyors have all they can do to
keep their work abreast of the never
ending physical changes of the earth's
surface. Great Britain employs i n ships
and 000 men in its admiralty surveys,
and much of their work consists in mak
ing new charts of waters that were care
fully surveyed from ten to thirty years
ago. New surveys along the east and
west coasts of England last year showed
important changes in depths and other
features have occurred since the previous
surveys. Navigation charts are likely
after ten or twelve years to be as value
less for purposes of present informati >n.
as a last month's newspaper.?Boston
Remarkable Kent in Book Renovation.
A Frenchman named Lahontan has
just accomplished a remarkable feat in
book-renovation. He hail sent him a
copy of Coverdale's Bilde that was com
pletely saturated with fat. and had been
badly eaten by mice. His process was to
treat each leaf to a judicious course of
chlorine in solution and ammonia, while
the dirt was removed by some process
only known to himself. He then sup
plied the defective portions by carefully
grafting on selected pieces of paper of
the requisite texture and shade. The
missing letter-press was fac-siiniled, the
whole was then shjed and afterwards ap
propriately bound by one of tho beet
Parisan binders, the whole cost of this
treatment being ?200.?Fraak I^slie's.
THE FESTIVAL OF MOULOUD.
Strange Sights To Be Seen on the Street*
of a Morocco Town.
Sam is also one of the holy cities of the
Moorish empire, and in conserpier.ee is
thronged with ragged but saintly indi
viduals, who thrive on the charity of the
devout. During the Mohammedan holi
day of Moidoud, which Avas celebrated
on the 10th and 20th of December, and
which embraces a fair held yearly in
honor of that 3aint, so dear to all Mus
solmans, "Moulay Abd el-Kedar-Giilely
el-Bagdady," the Europeans resident here
were the shuddering spectators of the
religious frenzy exldbited by the "Ais
sowa" and "Hamadsha," or "Hanid
oushy," on the occasion of their public
processions, which are also conducted in
this holiday. The "Aissowa" are of the
brotherhood of "Moulay Haraed ben
Aissa." a saint of great favor among the
Moors. It is pretended that their man
ifestations, which include snake-charm
ing and juggling, ridicule the miracles
of Jesus Christ, and this preposterous
statement is accepted by the Moors as
sufficient explanation of their vagaries.
The "Hamadsha" are the disciplinants
of one oidi Ali ben Hamdoush, whose
zowia is situated on Mount Zehrouan,
near the city of Mequinez. It is their
practice on the occasion of religious fes
tivities to throw cannon balls into the
air, which they receive on their bare
heads, and to inflict gashes upon their per
sons with a small ax. The holiday of
Mouloud is accompanied by the displays
of religious enthusiasts throughout Ids
Sheerefian majesty the sultan of Mo
rocco's dominions; but at no other point j
do these fanatics amuse themselves with
such ferocity as at Safli, where the
rapaciousness of their behavior renders
It extremely dangerous for a Christian or
Jow to cross their path during certain
hours of the day. Even the Mussulman
Spectators slaad with naked feet, fearing
the "Ai&wwa" for lack of prey, should
seize and devour their shoes.
None but an eye-witness can conceive
the degrading scenes which occur during
tho processions; and none, even the
enactors, can derive enjoyment there
from. "The "Aissowa" are naked to the
waist, and wear their hair so that when
necessary it covers the face. The
"Hamadsha," on the contrary, are
lhaven, as is the custom of Mohamme
dans. The principal performers assemble
at their respective zowias or chapels in
town, sally forth attended by the
"gernowa" (blacks), who are usually tho
musicians of the party. They beat tam
tams and play an instrument whoso tones
\t is impossible to describe on paper.
Suffice it to say, tho student of this in
strument is not allowed to pursue his
practice in town, but has to play in a
solitary and distant spot until proficient.
This will convey some impression of the
music imparted to listeners by thi3 bar
As the processionists wann with ex
citement, then commences the fun of the
fair. The Aissowa seize any live animal
in sight, be it oat, dog, goat, or sheep.
Goats arc usually provided for those oc
casions by admirers. They tear them to
pieces, and vie one with another to de
vour the bleeding morsels of flesh. They
strugglo. rolling over and over upon the
ground, shouting, leaping, and gesticu
lating. They wave the entrails and
skins of their victims in the faces of
their comrades, who try to seize the prey
with their teeth or rut their faces in the
reeking mass. Just behind and around
are the "Hamadsha," covered witli blood
and mire, singing their quaint and not
ungraceful hymn, and chopping them
selves to the cadence of the music. Such
is the strange behavior of these fraterni
ties on high days and holidays.
After parading the town by day, in the
evening these zealots return to their
sanctuary, where a supper is provided
for their edification. It is worthy of
note that their most exciting beverage is
green tea, taken with a large quantity of
sugar, and flavored with mint. The
Buppor is followed by a pipe of "keofe"
(the loaves of the hemp plant), which
forms an agreeable sedative after the ex
citements of the afternoon.?Cor. Pall
The Profits of Kose-Farinlng.
In this time of agricultural depression
it is gratifying to know rose-farming is
akin to a silver mine?if silver currency
be in "boom." At Kezanlik, a culti
vator entered a railway carriage with
two small boxes in hie hands. Tho con
tents represented his harvest transactions
for the year. Oood goods are wrapped
up in small parcels. The boxes con
tained essence of roses, value for 250,000
francs. The roso-trees require as much
care as do vines, and only produce at the
end of five to ten years. The leaf-pick
ing lusts from twenty-live to forty days.
To obtain one-sixth of an ounce of es
sence thirty pounds of leaves are re
quired and an ounce of essence fetches
48 francs.?Paris Cor. Chicago Journal, i
Siliclous Fcbbles with "Water Inside.
M. Stanislas Meunior has described j
some siliciotis pebbles which are quite
numerous in the quaternary gravels of ]
the valley of the Loire, France, that are j
remarkable for being hollow and enclos- j
ing, together frequently with a loose,
stony nucleus, liquid water. They are
about forty-live millimetres iu diameter,
and the water may be heard to strike
against the walls of the cavity when the
stones are shaken. The i>nly way M.
Meunior cnu account fur the water get
ting into the pebbles is by its seeping
through the pores, for not a sign of a
crack can be seen with the eye or by the
aid of a strong glass.?Boston Budget.
Bunches on the Aleutian Islands.
Tiie Aleutian islands olT ihe coast of
Alaska have attracted the attention of
cattlemen, who propose to use them as
ranches. Having an area of ij.OOO square
miles, inunh of it well covered with
grass, th y will furnish a largo amount
of pasturage. The Pacific warm ocean
current washes them and gives a tempera
tan warmer than the mainland, but ex
cessively moist. This, however, will be
no drawback for successful stock grow
"Wedding guests" are furnished to or
der at an agency in Paris.
Breathes there a man with soul so dead
Who never to his wife hath said,
" I will a flower garden make,
Both for my own and thy dear sake.
And sow with seeds to come up quick,
Which you, of course, will buy of VickI"
If such there be, I pray repent,
And have an order quickly sent.
Then sweet thy rest, I'm sure, will be.
And thy dear wife will smile on thee.
The Guide is a work of 150 pages, Colored Plates, 100c
illustrations, with descriptions of the best Flowers and
Vegetables, prices of Seeds and plants, and how to grow
them. It tells you what you want for the garden, and
how to get it. Printed in English and German. Trie
only 10 cents, which may be deducted from first order
BUY ONLY VICE'S SEEDS, AT nEADQCAKTEKS.
JAMES VICE, SKEDSMAN, Rochester, N.Y
The balance of Henry Kobn's Immense
Stock of WINTER DRY GOODS, CLOTH
ING and SHOES will be sohl at prices to
astonish you. I have carried over too many
heavy goods, and as I want to make room
for SPRING GOODS, the balance of my
WINTER STOCK .will be given away at
COME OjS'E ! COME ALL !
HIGH GRADE FEETILIZERS
DeLEON'S COMPLETE COTTON FER
CRESCENT BONE FERTILIZER.
ENGLISH ACID PHOSPHATE.
And as to Chemical excellence I would
refer to Prof. Shepard, who writes me: "I
have been most favorably acquainted with
your Fertilizers through a long series of
years." Hundreds of farmers in South
Carolina, Georgia and Alabama testify as
to their superior crop results.
PERU V .11. DeEdEO.V
BULL & SCOVILL, Agent Orangeburg
FOUND AT LAST,
A Preparation that will positively cure
that most distressing malady Neuralgia.
"CRUM'S NEURALGIA CURE"
FOR. EXTERNAL USE ONLY
This is not a cuke all but a Remedy, as
its name indicates, for the cure of Neural
gia in its mildest, as well as its severest
form. It will also relieve Toothache, Head
ache from cold and nervous headache, and
bites and stings of insects.
This preparation has never been known
to fail in curing Neuralgia, where the
directions have been faithfully followed;
having been used by I?r. Crum in his prac
tice of Dentistry for several years. For
sale by DR. J. G. WANNAMAKEB.
IN MEDICINE QUALITY
is of the
Pure Drugs and Medicines care
fully prepared by experienced hands
at Dk. J. G. Waxxamaker's Drug
Under Times and Democrat Office.
Keeps on hand a fine Stock of
Gold and Silver Watches,'
Clocks, Jewel ly,
Gold and Silver
Headed Canes, &C.
Also, Musical Instruments, such as
Banjos and Guitars,
And all other goods in this line.
~?.:~A large assortment of IS carat Plain
Gold Rings always in stock.
Z5v"'Goods warranted, and prices low.
QOUTTI CAROLINA BRANCH OF
O TUE VALLEY MUTUAL LIFE AS
SOCIATION OK VIRGINIA, COLUM
BIA, 8. C, JANUARY 21, 1886.?1 have
been appointed .State Agent of the Valley
Mutual Life Association of Virginia and
Col. LEE HAGOOD has been appointed
manager. The office of tho South Carolina
Department is at Columbia, No. ? Main
street, (under City Hall.)
I will make an active canvass of the
State, and want the assistance of a number
of live men to canvass every county *n the
Till Company was organized eight (8)
years ago by sonic of the leading business
men of Virginia, with the view of furnish
ing our people with good sound insurance
at the lowest possible cost. Its success has;
been unprecedented, and far exceeding
that of any company organized In the
South. Its liabilities from its organization
to this date have been fully met, its Reserve
Fund of S108.Q00 securely invested, with an
actual membership of about s,00U, aggre
gating over ?Ij.OUO,oou of insurance.
Any communieations addressed to me or
the manager at Columbia will receive
WM. M. BOST1CK, .hi.,
Jan 28-lmo_Statu Agent.
I. S. Harley,
Kussel Street, ."Vcxt to Tent,
OttAKGEBUKG, S. C,
\\rIIEKE you will lind always on
T * hand, a line line of SEGAES and
TOBACCOS of all grades, GROCERIES,
DRY GOODS, and GENERAL MER
CHANDISE, at lowest CASH prices.
"Remember well, and bear in mind,
To save two nickels, will make a dime."
T HAVE FOUND GUINN'S PIO
-t- neer Blood Renewer gives entire satis
faction to my customers and therefore I
take pleasure in recommending it to all.
C. M. Hillsmax, Druggist,
Savannah, Ga., Jan. 30 1886.