Newspaper Page Text
A BRUISED ROSE.
Site revelry that filled the night is done;
tubed is the patter of once dancing feet
The rustle of rich fabrics, laughter sweet (
the music stfil'd, and morning, newly born,
Bears but its echo.
One poor braised rose,
Let fall upon the floor from some fair breast,
Is all that tells it was no cunning jest
Wrought by the deft romancer of repose;
The music, laughter?all a fitful gleam,
Press'd from the pillow of a broken dream.
?Charles W. Coleman, Jr., in Harper'?.
SOME FACTS ABOUT THE HINDOOS.
Synopsis of a Missionary's Lecture on
' Their Beliefs and Characteristics.
The Rev. Dr. H. L. Scudder, lecturing
on, India, said the Hindoos had two great
beliefs. One was the doctrine of fate and
the other the transmigration of souls.
According to the former man was a> mere
puppet, for with them everytliing was
settled by fate and everything was the
result of what they termed the decree of
the head. If a Hindoo did a bod thing it
was fate that impelled him, and he had
to do good or ill as it was decreed.
The doctrine of transmigration was the
hardest thing to get out of their heads.
They believed that a good life hero
meant an exalted birth and high station
in the other world. If a man lived a
nixed life here he would come back as
a m^" again, but if his life were totally
bad he would come back as a tree or
rnineral. Their code prescribed a special
birth for each sin. One who stole grain
would be bom a rat, if he stole fruit he
would be born a monkey, if he stole from
a Brahman he would be born over again
1,000 times and each time take the form
of a spider. There was no escape from a
The Indians were noncommittal, but
very inquisitive and loquacious to a de
gree. When one refused to talk he be
lied his race's record. Their form of
reasoning was analogical, and, like all
orientals, they preferred simile. Many
of them were possessed of great meta
physical iicumen. They were the great
est liars on earth, and could he one out
of almost any belief. They were sunk in
vice to a low degree.
The worship of snakes was quite com
mon, and they believed the cobras had a
separate world to themselves. Snake
charming: was a hereditary profession,
and they lured cobras from their holes
to destruction by playing softly on a
The women were weak and vicious
and by nature unfaithful, but were j>os
seased of great lingual flexibility, being
able to out-talk their hege lords at will.
No language could describe their degra
dation. Women there had but one god,
her husband, and her only religious act
was to be his slave.?Chicago News.
Visit to a British Arohdruid.
To-morrow (old Christmas Day) is the
eighty-fif th anniversary of the birth of
Myfyr Morganiog, archdruid of the Brit
ish isles. Wales has never been without
its'representative of the gwyddon (chief
bard or laureate of Britain), whose duty
"Ifrwno'ta-fllnjrrTr^fih Iris-harp that ancient
tune known as "The Monarchy of Brit
ain" before the army on the eve of its
entering upon a campaign. The old re
ligion becoming unpopular, by degrees
his office was forgotten. On the evening
of his natal anniversary the archdruid
was visited by one of his disciples, who
thus narrated what took place:
"He sits to-day a white-haired and
white.bearded aged priest, alone in an
qpper chamber in a street in Pontypridd.
I took with me to him a presentation
from a most generous, noble lord. It
was the gift of a Christian chieftain to
chief druid. The moment I entered the
lonely cell of the Druid, the noble old
man with flowing beard stood up to meet
me, and, with extended hand, said, with
sparkling eyes: (Blwddyn newyd dda'
(good new year). Ho then uttered a
Druidic prayer for all blessings to descend
on the house of Bute, and the home of
Sir W. T. Lewis was not forgotten by
him who is preparing for 'cylch y gwyn
fyd' (the circle of the holy world.)
"1 ventured to ask him what were his
views respecting a future state of exist
ence. His reply was: 'My father and
my mother are well able to provide for
me, and in them I trust and not in any
one else.' I asked him what he meant
by his 'father and mother;' he replied
that the Creator was his father and
Anian was his mother. By Anion he
seemed to mean the fecundating power
in the c arth, revealing her efforts in the
springtime of the year. This he said is
the Venus and the mother of the gods in
ancient mythology. He seemed to re
gard all creeds as jumbling confusions
Of Druidism, and to think that his mis
sion is the world was to restore the
primitive order of ancient times.? !
Pontypridd Cor. London Telegraph.
A Burmese Photographer's Barbarity.
A Burmese scandal is now stirring
official blood at Mandalay, as it appears
that the provost marshal has a morbid
taste for amater?r photography that has
led him to experiment upon the unfort
unate Burmese Dacoits that have been
executed under his direction. Willis'
"Parrhasius" has had a literal exempli
fication in this official, who has on sev
eral occasions added unspeakable torture
to bis victims' death pangs by delaying
the interval between orders to "present"
and "fire" long enough to allow him to
take two or three negatives with the
camera he carries about with liim.
Having had the prisoners drawn up in
line against a wall, he would station the
firing platoon before them and get the
camera into position and calmly prepare
his plates. The officer commanding the
soldiers was instructed not to give the
fatal signal till the plate was exposed.
Thus the most interesting negatives were
obtained at the very moment of the
prisoners' death agony. Fortunately
this barbarity practiced in the name of
scientific intereft has added notldug to
art, for the cruel operator was such a bad
hand at the work that the plates were
spoiled. Tho troops wore anxious to
lynch the alleged artist, but the English
authorities have prorbised to make an
example of the amateur-photographer.?
THE CZAR'S EDUCATED POOR,
Buss Jans of High Station "Who Fear t.
Sleet Their Grocers and Tailors.
A few days ago I saw a regiment of
the Imperial guards drilling in the Jfars
field, preparatory to a grand review to
be held on the day of Epiphany. The
colonel in his glittering uniform, riding
on a fiery charger, made a beautiful
picture, and I could not help expressing
my opinion to a Russian reporter that he
(the colonel) occupied an enviable posi
"On the drilling grounds." answered
the reporter, "he is indeed a grand fig
ure, but in private life he is as poor a
devil as the rest of us. He belongs to
the honorable but miserable class of the
educated poor. You ought to see this
brave Col. N. trembling before a janitor
who comes to collect the rent which has
been two or three months due."
On the hint of my comrade I made a
little study of the educated poor in this
capital. I learned of a judge of the dis
trict court who, as a rule, leaves his
house by a back-yard door for fear of
meeting clerks from the various stores
with their b?ls. I was told tliat Pro
fessor R. of the coUege of this city, hav
ing a big family, never changed his
rooms without the police's assistance?in
other words, he was usually turned out
by landlords for non-payment of rent.
I saw a chief of one of the numer
ous departments of the imperial admin
istration, who lives in a distant suburb
and comes to his department by the G
o'clock freight train (though the office
hours begin at 9), for he is unable to pay
the fare charged in passenger trains. I
heard of several captains and majors
who never see their salary, for it is col
lected by landlords and different stores.
I have found out that, as a rule; the
professors, doctors, and lawyers of
average ability, judges, the civil and
military officers of the middle ranks,
engineers, priests, journalists, and, in
fact, men of all professions to which are
admitted only those who have received
a higher education, are working hard to
make both ends meet.
The common salary for the these men
only is about 2,000 roubles a year.
Twenty-five years ago that amount of
income was considered sufficient, out the
conditions of life have greatly changed
since then. Still, the imperial govern
ment sticks to that 2,000 roubles standard,
and the result is that the highly educated
and hard-working men, who in all other
countries earn a comfortable living, here
jo. the czar's country are miserably poor,
always trembling :for the fate of their
families. I am told that most of the
professional mei ">? this country, when
they die, are buried Lj subscriptions
among their friends, and that their
families become paupers.
The crar controls the amount of salary
of his officers; and all the educated mem
except merchants, are somehow imperial
officers; but his majesty can not control
the price of the necessaries of fife, and
hence the trouble.?St. Petersburg
What ?i Chinaman Says of Wagner.
"It is unjust," said a Chinese gentle
man to whom the writer had given hiB
opinion of Chinese music. "Our music
is good?beautiful. It is yours which is
bad. Your music is false?not like na
ture. Music is color. You take all your
pots of paint and let them run together.
You make confusion. The wind doesn't
make music the way you say it does! A
bird doesn't sing that way I A wave
tumbles on the shore, and makes one
note?and only one. Yours is a music
that is only noise. You play so soft that
if I want to hear sometimes I must strain
my ears. "Why should I trouble myself
to hear ? Must I use an instrument so as
to listen? Must I think to hear? Why
don't you paint a picture so that I can't
see it? If you make it too smaU I don't
want to see it.
"Yet I hear once Wagner. I go, too,
into a shop in Scotland where they made
a steamship for my government. The
men they hammer on the boilers. That
was better than Wagner. I heard a
blind man the other day. Ho fiddled at
the corner of the street. You laugh:
Yes, sir, that gives me pleasure. We are
a simple people?and we are not going to
change our music?founded on rules
which are 4,000 years and more old.
Why, when my ancestors sang melodi
ously, your forefathers were cannibals
and howled with the wolves."?New
Cosmopolitan Character of Bombay.
The cosmopolitan, character of Bom
bay, with its 800,000 irAabitanta, is indi
cated by this paragrapn from a mission
ary's letter: "Last week a Greenlander
called seeking work. Two days after a
man from Australia wrote me asking a
favor. A few weeks ago a West Indian
came to attend repairs on my house.
Last Sunday night I preached to a con
gregation in which sat, 6ide by side, a
Russian from the Baltic and an Armen
ian from the foot of Mount Ararat.
Among my parishioners is an Abyssin
ian, Turks from the Dardenelles, Greek*
from the Adriatic, Sidhee boys from
Zanzibars. Norwegians and South
Africans live, do business and die in this
human hive."?New Orleans Times-Dem
The Famous Aerolite of Naples.
Interesting stories about the explosion
of meteorites are usually followed by the
explosion of the stories themselves. The
famous aerolite which fell in the Strada
Fiorentino, Naples, not long ago, has
just been examined by Professor John
ston-Lavis, the eminent seismologist,
reports that it is nothing but a common
cobbler's lapstone made of Vesuvian lava
from La Scala quarries, and the wonder
ful "patina" is merely a coating of wax
and dirt accumulated and polished by
long use.?Frank Leslie's Illustrated.
Monster Aquuriuiu To He Built.
Mr. Sutro, of California, is about to build
an aquarium 120 feet in diameter in the
bay of San Francisco. It wiU contain
every sort of sea anemone, mosses and
In Berlin there is a house which, con
tains 239 compartments, and is inhabited
by naasly LOOuSBersons.
THE GRAVE OF JEF"-RSON.
A Trip to Montlcello on a Mustang?The
Lofty Granite Shaft.
It is about 100 miles from busy, boom
ing Richmond to the very heart of old
Virginia, where the author of the Declar
ation of Independence lies buried on the
high, wooded lull near his lonely and
nearly deserted residence, "Jlonticello."
Arriving at Charlottesvilie. I found
everything full of snow and "slush." The
mountain rivers were running red, Tor
the soil of Virginia is strangely red?red
as some Titan battle-field.
The dome of the university of Virginia,
fashioned after the Pantheon at Rome,
rose on a lofty eminence before n.e Be
yond the Blue Ridge and the Adelaides
glea_1 in the snow under the bluest of
blue skies. It seemed as if the Sierras
were here. "Monticello," which is only
a residence, not a town, as one is apt to
suppose, lies three miles back toward
Richmond, and nearly half a mile?it
would seem, if you climb to it-through
the snow, as I did?perpendicular.
"No, sah, you can't walk it; can't cross
the rivah; and a keerage couldn't git
thar in a coon's age; but if yqu could
ride, sah, if you could ride a colt, sah?"
"Ride a colt! I could ride a cow, if
necessary. Saddle up."
The "colt" proved to be a mustang,
They have brought this lively ;.nd much
maligned little animal all the way from
Texas in great numbers. The little mouse
colored animal with a mischievous eye
had been 6hut up in the snow a good
many days, I reckon, and so he was led
out with a man on either side hanging
on to the bits. A crowd gathered.
"Stand 'im on his head in the snow, bet
a nickel," said some one back in that
black and ragged crowd of sovereigns.
And thei there was a grin and a chuckle
I brushed off the two men who hunt,
on to the bits, and talking a little old
fashioned mustang talk, which he per
haps had not heard since he left Texas,
I got a foot into the stirrup, and we both
jumped at the same time. On into the
river, red as blood, breast deep; over,
on, up the hill, and in the drifted snow
to his belly! Then I struck a bare and
bleeding spot of red earth. But on and
up plunged the "colt," the sacred soil of
Virginia flashing and dashing and cling
ing to the tail of my Rnghah ulster at
In less than a mile, however, the
gallant little mustang and myself were
in love with each other. I got off often
to help him wallow through the deepest
places, and he not once tried to get away
or betray my trust. Three miles of hard
climbing, then turning to the left
through an open gate I plunged into the
thickest wood and?I jerked off my hat.
Was ever such absolute quiet outside
of death or a desert? The world was far
below. The Pantheon dome of the uni
versity which the great dead before me
had founded and for fifty years well
fostered was under my feet. It looked
like one of the many great domes of
Damascus. The rising summits of the
mountains above and beyond looked
down in kindly companionship.
The grave of the great Democrat is in
perfect order. Indeed, it is almost pain
fully perfect. I know the world would
find fault if this grave was neglected,
but at the ?ame tune I may say it pained
me to see the splendid iron fence, ten
feet liigh if a foot, all tipped with gold,
and a big forbidding lock on the priaon
like gate. And then the great lofty
granite shaft seemed so tall, and so
heavy, and so cold, and eternal. But let
us be content. The people, his people,
would have it so. Heavy or fight, tomb
or no tomb, nothing can break Ids rest or
mar his immortality now.
A dozen or more marble ."labs of vari
ous sizes are dotted about the great shaft
in the center of the square iron fence;
trees lean and look over into the little
opening: on all sides trees?oak and fir
and pine and cedar. You can not see
the resting place of Thomas Jefferson till
you come immediately upon it on your
way to the residence which he built on
this mountain, "Monticello," half a mile
further on. The snow was heaped in
drifts about the inclosure. The snow lay
in drifts up to my horse's belly as I sat on
his back so as to sec through the iron fence
and read the inscription, familiar to all
the world. The snow had not been
broken this winter. So far as I could
see no foot had passed this way for a
long, long time.
No, bird, no squirrel, not even a little
snow-mouse, had made sign or mark in
the ab undant snow. Nor was there any
sound of bird or beast or man. The cars
were coming in three miles away and a
quarter of a mile below, clanging their
bells as they trundled through the long,
straggling town of Charlo.ttesvifle. Far
away to the north,' against the Blue
Ridge, streamed a white tower of smoke
as the cars came in from the Pacific
ocean. Away toward Richmond the cars
came screaming with energy and excite
ment; for they were setting out on a mis
sion of 8,000 miles. The snow of theAlle
ghanies. the dust of Arizona, the orange
blossoms of Los Angeles?all these to
gether lay immediately before me.?
Jcaquin MiUer's Letter.
The " Rings" of Growth in Trees.
After a careful study of tho subject
Prof. P. D. Penhallow concludes that tbe
formation of the so-called "annual rings"
of growth in trees is chiefly determined
by whatever operates to produce al
ternating periods of physiological rest
and activity. In cold climates the rings
are an approximately correct, but not al
ways certain, index of age. In wurm
climates, however, the rings are of no
value in this respect, as the growth is
more likely to mark a perion of rainfall
than the yearly hot season of summer.?
A Petrified Daughter of Earth.
Professor, Young of Princeton, says tho
moon is a petrified daughter of thu earth,
destitute of life, air, and water. Tho
temperature he estimates in the dark
spots at 200 degrees below zero, and at
other places at "boiling water point.'* If
the moon was annihilated the tempera
ture of this section would bo reduced one
THE CULTURE OF OPIUM.
The Industry In Malwa und liongal?
Gathering the Poppy's Juice.
It is probable that very few owners of
flower-gardens are aware that the pop
pies cultivated merely for ornament will
produce opium. When the flower pe
tals have fallen, leaving the seed capsule
bare, if an incision be made in that body,
a sticky juice will exude. This juice is
opium. It varies in certain chemical
qualities, according to the country in
which it is cultivated, and the variety of
plant from which it is produced.
Although the plant will grow in almost
any climate, it is in India that it is most
satisfactorily cultivated, the opium rev
enue of that country being derived from
two sources, those of Malwa and those
of Bengal. The Malwa opium is pro
duced in the native states of the interior,
and is not controlled by the British gov
ernment, except by a tax. Bengal opium,
on the contrary, is under the direct super
intendence of English officials.
When the land has been plowed and
harrowed, the poppy seed is sown at the
end of October, or the beginning of No
vember. Six pounds of seed are suffi
cient for the third of an acre.
As soon as it begins to germinate, as it
does in a week after sowing, the land is
divided by f urrows into rectangular beds,
about eight feet in length by four in
breadth. These channels are used for
irrigation, as the plants need frequent
watering, sometimes requiring it until
the crop is matured. About seventy-five
days after germination, the flower ap
pears, and its four petals are gently re
moved, on the third day after their ex
pansion, to be pasted together with the
leaves destined to form the outer sheU
of the opium cake.
In the course of eight or ten days, the
capsules are lanced at night, and the
juices which has exuded from the incisions
is scraped off in the morning, with a
small scoop, and transferred to a metal
or earthen vessel. This process is three
or four times repeated, at intervals of
two or three day6, and the result is
crude opium. The flower petals and the
plant-leaves and stalks have also a con
siderable value for packing purposes,
and the tldcker portions of the stalks are
used by the peasants for fire-wood. The
crude opium, having been gathered, is
stored by the cultivator, and watched,
that it may remain free from mould or
At the end of March, or the beginning
of April, when the weather is furiously
hot in Bengal, the oultivators, carrying
their opium, obey a summons calling
them to meet the deputy agent of their
village. There the opium is tested, paid
for, and token into the possession of the
Finally the opium paste is made into
cakes, dried, packed in boxes, and re
moved to Calcutta, for sale by auction.?
Regulato the Diet of tho Aged.
As we increase in age, when we have
spent, say, our first half-century, less
energy and activity remain, and less ex
penditure can be made; less power to
eliminate is possible at 50 than at 80,
' still less at 00 and upward. Less nutri
ment, therefore, says Sir Henry Thomp
son, must be taken in proportion as age
advances, or rather, as activity dimin
ishes, or the individual will suffer. If he
continues to consume the same abund
ant breakfasts, substantial lunches, and
heavy dinners which at the summit of
his power he could dispose of almost
with impunity he will in time certainly
accumulate fat, or become acquainted
with gout or rheumatism, or show signs
of unhealthy deposit of some kind in
some part of the body, processes which
must inevitably poison, undermine, or
shorten his remaining term of life. He
must reduce his "in-take," because a
smaller expenditure is an enforced con
dition of existence.?Herald of Health.
The KlTccts of Sudden Abstinence.
It is not safe for a man who has been
in tho habit for six, eight or ten years to
take eight or ten drinks a day to suddenly
abandon the habit. Any man who does
will, as a ride, die within six months. I
have found that to be my own experience
with patients, and I have questioned
other physicians, and they have all
found the same result. You see a man
who drinks daily accustoms his system
to a certain amount of stimulation, and
when that stimulation is withdrawn at
once the weakest part of the system
gives way. It may be the liver that is
weak, or the kidneys, or some other
organ?whatever oue it is, it gives way
and breaks down for want of the accus
tomed stimulation, and it is rarely n
patient in such a case survives six
months?Dr. William F. Kier in Globe
Kclative Rico of South America.
South America is more than double the
size of the United States. The empire of
Brazil seems on the map quite as large as
Australia, It is twenty-four times the
size of England. The Argentine Republic
is nearly as large as Europe, taking
Russia out. Bolivia and Venezuela are
each twice the size of England and Scot
land, Ecuador something less, Paraguay
equal to Great Britain, Uruguay and
Chili about tho same, and the little
known regions of Patagonia and Terra
del Fuego at least double the dimensions
of Great Britain; British, French and
Dutch Guiana are nearly as large as
Great Britain.?Philadelphia Call.
A Novel Method of Uruainentutlon.
A simple method of ornamenting wood
or sized paper is to brash over it a thin
coating of a very concentrated cold solu
tion of some salt mixed with dextrine,
which gives to the surface a beautiful
mother-of-pearl appearance. To cause
the adhesion of the mixture to gloss, an
extra coating of an alcoholic shellac solu
tion is necessary. Sulphate of magneBia,
acetate of soda and sulphate of tin are
among salts which produce the most at
tractive crystalline coatings.?Frank
Opening of the Eleventh Parliament.
The opening by Queen Victoria of the
eleventh parliament or her reign ia a
oircumsponce a paraUel to winch cannot
be found em& uu? time of Henry
AS THE SEASON IS NEAR AT
HAND FOR PUTTING IN
ad wishing to make roon, we will make
it to the interests of all to eall and get
As we are determined not to carry over
any Fall Stock. We still lead in low
prices and are Headquarters for
GENT'S, YOUTH'S AND BOY'S
Our trade in
Zeigler's Fine Shoes
For Ladies was never better. Every pair
Wo cany the largest and best Stock of
In the market. All warranted.
COME AND'SEt'IFORJYOURSELF. i
GEO. H. C0HIIL80I. I
FASHIONABLE DRY GOODS
We are now closing out the balance of our
Winter Stock of
at less than cost of raw material.
Now is the time to procure Great Bargains.
Everything selling off at unheard
of low prices. This is a
for all to
C. & E, L. Kerrison,
88 1IASEI; STREET.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Blaclfn ml Colored I>re.ss dJoods.
LINENS, HOSIERY. &c., ,
IN LARGE VARIETY.
"STAU Orders will receive prompt and
?gyCash orders amounting to Sio or
over will be delivered in any county free of
charge. C. ?fc E. Ii. Kerrtoon,
aug20ly Charleston. S. C.
I will now devote wy entire at
With an experience of ten
years 1 am in a position to
know what variety of. Lamp.-,
to keep on hand that will suit
any purpose and give entire
satisfaction. When in need
of a Burner that will give
you a large brilliant light
call for "SORENTRUE'S
GUARANTEE". 1 give full
directions bow to use ii and a
guarantee for a year with
Remember that "FA IK
DEALINGS, LOW PRICES
and BEST QUALITY b my
Motto, and don't forget that
whatever yon may need It! the
way of or for a" Lain]) yoti
will be sure to get it at'
SOR EN TR LIE'S
Headquarters fur Lamps.
]$. 11. MOSS. C. G. dastzler
"yjnss & DANTZLF.lt.
ATTOKNEVS AT LAW
Oit.vNor.r.iia;, S. ('.
J W. UOWMaN.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Oaasgekuko, s. v.