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THE PLAINT HUMAN.
Season of snows, and season of flowers,
Seasons of loss and of gain;
But since grief and joy must alike bo ours,
Why do we still complain?
Ever our falling since time began,
O my intolerant brother?
We wont just a little too little o_f one,
And much too much of the other.
James Whitcomb Rfley.
SERVANTS OF THE ARISTOCRACY.
Some of the Observations Made by Badean
?A Labyrinth of Labor.
In a great house thirty or forty indoor
servants is a common number, and often
mere are as many more in the stables,
and still as xr*?ny others in the gardens,
Dr the glass, as the conservatories are
jahed. One nobleman whom I knew
was master of the hounds and kept sev
enty horses, and for every two horses a
man. At an entertainment in the coun
try?a sort of pageant or play?I heard
jomeone say that 100 of the servants
same into the great hall and stood behind
the guests. The remainder were on duty
jlsewhere. Several times, in large estab
lishments, I asked permission to visit the
offices; and the kitchens and still rooms
and sculleries, the larders and laundries,
the gun-rooms and plate-rooms and
brushing-rooms, the housekeeper's room,
the pantries, and the servant's hall, made
i labyrinth of labor difficult to explore.
In making the rounds I was taken to
the nurseries and the school-rooms, for
tutors and governesses are only a higher
Sort of servant in England. They live
and eat apart from the gentry, and often
get less wages than vale is and ladies'
maids. I saw, too, the bed-rooms where
the maids were making up clothes, all
rising when their mistress entered. I
visited the stables and the carpenter's
mop, even ehe butchery and the brewery
?for many of the large proprietors kill
their own meat and brew their own beer.
Bach servant is allowed beer money, as
well as wages, or else supplied with so
many glasses, or sometimes literally
horns of beer.
Usually the servants of the aris
tocracy are allowed five meals a day.
their early breakfast is at 7, before the
family has risen; there is lunch for them
at 11, dinner at 1 o'clock, tea at 6, and
supper at 9. At most of these meals
meats are provided, and at two or three
of them beer is served. The food is well
cooked and savory; they sit down to
coup and pastry, to fruits and vegetables
in their season; and altogether a table is
better than many of what is
the middle class can afford. In
deed, servants in England can hardly be
(aid to belong to the lower class?cer
tainly not the retainers of the aristoc
racy. The attendance in the servants'
hall is excellent, decorum is maintained,
and the more punctilious perform among
themselves many of the ceremonies they
have watched from behind the chain of
th? nobility.?Adam Badeau's Letter.
The Constantinople Fire Department.
Whilst walking along Tramway street,
there was a cry of "yangoon var! yangoon
varl" (there ja firel. there., is fire!) and
three barefooted men,' dressed in tho
scantiest linen clothes, come charging
pell-mell through the crowded street,
flourishing long brass hose nozzles to
clear the way; behind them comes a
crowd of about twenty others similarly
dressed, four of whom are bearing on
their shoulders a primitive wooden
pump, while others are carrying leathern
water buckets. They are trotting along
at a Lively pace, shouting and making
unnecessary commotion, and lastly
comes their chief on horseback; canter
ing close at their heels, as though to
keep the men well up to their pace.?
Tie Northern Pacific's Big; Tunnel.
The big tunnel on the Northern Pacific
railroad is the largest in America except
the Hoosac. It will be 9,850 feet long.
It is located on the Cascade branch
about half way between Columbia river
and Tacoma. The tunnel will be bored
through solid rock. The summit of the
mountains is 1,150 feet above the tunnel
so that there has been no possible chance
to make an air shaft and the work is
prosecuted from both ends. The tunnel
will enable the Northern Pacific to croes
the same range of mountains at an ele
vation of 2,850 feet that tho Central Pa
cific crosses at an elevation of 7,800 feet.
?New York Tribune.
The Magnetic Influence of the Moon.
An Austrian Bavant has ascertained
that the moon has an influence on a
magnetized needle varying with its
phases and its declination. The phenom
enon is said to be more prominently
noticeable when our satellite is near the
earth, and to be very marked when she
is passing from the full to her first or
second quarter. The disturbances are at
their maximum when the moon is in the
plane of the equator, and greater during
the southern than the northern declina
Curiosities at the Naval Academy.
There are many interesting sights in
the academy buildings. Among others
is a full-rigged ship about twenty feet
long, absolutely complete in every par
ticular, even to the tiny hammocks rolled
up and fastened under the gunwale. In
the museum is a breech-loading cannon
which was originally carried to Peru by
Pizarro. On the walls of the chapel are
tablets commemorating those graduates
who have lost their lives in the perform
ance of some act of heroism.?Annapolis
Cor. Chicago News.
Greeks and Komans on Horseback.
Both the Greeks and the Romans rode
horseback without stirrups, and either
upon the bare back or upon a saddle pad
which was mostly covered or concealed
by a piece of colored cloth thrown over
it, but never upon a reguhr saddle made
like ours upon a frame, which was a late
invention towards the decline of tho
Roinaa empire. Tho women rode side
wise like our own upon a pad. The same
fashion was also adopted by men.?Bos
The English language is spoken by
IQO.000,000 people, the French by 45,000,?
000 and the German by 60,000,000.
THE ENGINEERO?A STEAMER
Relates Some Experiences Connected
With His life Under Water.
"Life under water monotonous, eW"
"Well, I guess not. At least I don't find
it so. I've been there fourteen years off
and on, and have always managed to
find enough to occupy my time and at
tention." The speaker was an engineer
on one of the great ocean steamers, and
as he made the remark to a reporter,
wliile standing on the pier, before Iiis
vessel, he readjusted his loose blouse
with an awkward jerk, and gave Ids
head a confident twitch.
"A fellow needn't let time lag on him
anywhere if he had only his eyes
opened," he added. "Now, to some it
would seem almost unbearable to watch
the continuous throb of the machinery
of a large steamer and hear nothing but
the everlasting 'click, click,' of. the
piston rods and levers, but to me they
all sound like music. I've become
partly duUed and insensible to them,
but even now I often sit still and watch
and listen to their never varying heats
with tliat sort of satisfaction Which a
musician feels when he runs
his fingers mechanically yet skillfully
over the keys of his instrument. His
satisfaction arises from the fact that he
has the instrument entirely under his
control, and mine comes from a similar
cause. With a touch of my finger I
could propel thousands of tons at almost
any speed through the water, or send a
hundred lives into eternity. Indeed, I
[ feel that I am the sole responsible party
on board for the lives of the passengers,
as it remains with me to keep my ma
chinery in such perfect condition as to
withstand any ordinary sea or rough
"And again, I take pride in keeping
everything around me shining like bur
nished gold. If a spot of grease or dirt
gets on the rods or handles of any part
of the machinery, it cannot escape my
notice long. I go over every part of the
engine room twice a day, and nib the
brass and steel rods with as much pleas
ure as though I owned the steamer my
self. I sometimes amuse myself in
keeping a record of the number of miles
we run an hour and comparing it with
the records of previous trips. I have on
a book in the engine room a curious
table of dates and figures, which shows
to me the exact time for every mile
made by different steamers which I
have engineered across the ocean for the
last fourteen years. If anything more
than usual occurs, I jot it down oppo
site the date, and so make a sort of
diary of it. It speaks volumes to me,
and recalls many interesting memories."
?N. Y. Tribune.
The Small Arts in England.
It is quite wonderful to think how
strangely forgotten and lost the small
arts are in England. In some countries
the very children can carve in wood, in
others they can make artistic pottery; in
1 Egypt they embroider, inlay, and work
in jewelry: but in this country our peo
ple can do nothing, and have learned
nothing, outside their ? trade. The ag
ricultural laborer, it is true, possesses a
very considerable and varied amount of
knowledge?he is skilled in many ways;
but the mechanic, the factory hand,
the shopman, knows nothing and can
do nothing outside his trade, and, which
is worse, he considers every kind of
handiwork as a trade in itself, to learn
which would be learning another craft,
after taking all the trouble in -the world
to acquire one.
Shall be who has learned to make
shoes also learn to make cabineta ? And
shall the goldsmith also become a stone
cutter? And is the evening as well as
the solid day to be given up to labor ?
And is it right to invade another man's
trade territory??Art Journal.
A lteminiKcence of "Josh Billings."
R. W. Hanscom, of this city, says that
he happened to be in Skowhegan in
1809, when the late Josh BilUngs lectured
there. The morning after the lecture
was rainy, and mud was ankle-deep in
Josh glanced dubiously out of doors
and then asked Hanscom, "Have you
"No," said Hanscom.
"I tell you what I'll do," said Josh.
"I'll flip a cent to see whether you or I
shall take the other on his shoulders and
wade across the street from the hotel to
that shoe store and buy a pair for both."
Hanscom agreed. The cent was tossed
and he won. Josh took him "pig-back"
through the mud to the shoe store and
bought rubbers for both.?Lewiston
Uow Savages Harden Tlieir Children.
In the Clduese maritime reports it is
stated that the Anns savages of South
Formosa "harden their children" by
bathing. The infant is thrown into a
tub of cold water on the day of its birth,
and a month afterward is taken to the
river or sea and allowed to struggle un
til tired out. The Amis children can
swim long before they are able to walk.
It is said that the "hardened" ones be
come strong because they were born so;
the treatment knocks out the weak
The "Ordeal Bean" of Madagascar.
The "orde;d bean" of Madagascar,
which innocent people are supposed to
be able to eat with impunity, though it
is sure death to criminals, is described
in Comptes Rendus as being a very
poisonous drug which kills by arresting
the respiration. Nevertheless, the
chemists are working it up mto a new
medicine, and one investigator hopes to
make it useful in palsy and other nerv
Facts About tho National Debt.
One-third of the pubhc debt bears no
interest. The interest-bearing debt is
$1,270,000.000. Two hundred and |
eighteen millions of this bears i! per cent., I
$250,000,000 4 1-2 per cent., and ?788,- |
000.000 4 per cent. Sixty-live millions i
of Pacific railway bonds bear 0 per cent,
Live so your children may put; their
feet in your tracks and be honorable.?
Rev. Sam Jones.
ray the printer.
A DOUBLE SURPRISE.'
In a largo, square, old fashioned house
lived Philip Manson and his sister!
Esther. * Philip had reached tho mature
age of forty, and Esther was close to him.
Still, each had pursued a solitary pathway
through life, seeking no companionship
save that of tho other, till there was rea
son to believe that they would continue to
follow tho same course till they were gath
ered into the family tomb.
Early one afternoon, Esther was start
led by a rap at the door.
She opened tho door; a gentleman of
forty-five, carefully, nay elegantly dressed,
stood before her.
"I beg your pardon for Intruding,
madam," said he, as ho noticed Esther s
look of surprisebut can you direct me
" I beg your pardon for intruding, madam.'1
to the house of the lato Mr. Wellfleot? I
hayo heard that it was for sale, and from
tho description I have heard of it, Judge
It will suit me."
"It is the next house on tho loft, sir,"
Two days afterwards Esther heard that
Mr. Welliieet's estate had been purchased
by a stranger, named Bigelow. She at
once conjectured, and rightly, that this
was the 6amo with her visitor. A fow
days elapsed, and Esther Manson received
another visit from the gentleman.
u I have a favor to ask of you, Miss Man
son," he commenced (it seems he hud as
certained her name) "I om aware that
our slight acquaintance will hardly justify
It, but I trust timo will remove this objec
tion. You must know," ho added smil
ing, "that I am a bachelor dependent in
many respects upon my housekoepter, who
though a good woman in her way, I am
afraid is not reliable inmatters of taste.
As my furniture has arrived, but has not
yet been arranged, I would esteem It a
real service if you would give me your
opinion in somo little matters respecting
Its proper disposition. My carriage Is at
the door ready to carry you ever."
"But," said Esther a little hesitatingly,
"I do not claim to havo much taste. I
fear I shall prove no more reliable In that
respect than your housekeeper."
"I have but to look about me," said
Mr. Blgelow politely," to bo fully satisfied
upon that point." ?
It was not without a little conscious
ness of the singularity of her position,
that Esther found herself riding by tho
Bido of a gentleman with whom sho had
scarcely exchanged half-a-dozen words.
The distance, however, was but short
and sho had little time for rellcction.
Tho furnituro, which, by the way, was
new and handsome, bad been arranged In
the rooms after a fashion, but Esther was
ablo to point out several changes for the
better, with all of which Mr. Bigelowpro
tessedhimself delighted; he, moreover,
asked her advice as to the proper place In
which to hang several fine pictures that ho
had picked up in tho course of his travels.
This was accorded with some hesitation.
Mr. Blgelow would not bo satisfied
without showing his now-found acquain
tance all over tho house, from kitchen to
When all was completed, ho overpow
ered her with protestations of gratitude
for her kind sendee, and landed hcrather
own door just five minutes before her
brother camo ?n.
Esther was rather glad of this, as sho
tvasallttlo suspicious that her brother
would considor her adventure rather" a
To avoid comment, sho did not oven In
form Phillip that She had ever met Mr.
Dropping half-a-dozen stitches.
Bigelow. Ho took frequent opportunities
to call upon her, on some blight pretext or
another, but it always chanced to bo at a
timo when her brother was ab:cnt.
"I wonder,"said Philip carelessly, as
ho sat by tho firo ono evening, 1 'whether
Mr. Bigelow will not bo looking out for a
wifo before long?"
"I?I don't know," said Esther, and In
her embarrassment dropping half-a-dozen
stitches from the stocking which sho held
In her hand.
"Not that I approve of marriage?at
least In my own case," said Philip, not
noticing this demonstration, "but it may
be different with Mr. Blgelow. Ho has no
sister to superintend his establishment.
I don't know, however, whether there is
anybody likely to suit him in this village.
Let mo see?there is Miss Preston; sho
"No, I don't think sho will suit him
at all,"said Esther A'ith a spirit which
considerably surprised her brother. "Sho
knows very little about housekeeping."
"Why, I thought.you and Miss Preston
were friends," said Philip a littlo puzzled.
"Well, so we are," returned Esther in
her usual tone; "but I?I hardly thinkshe
would suit Mr. Bigelow."
"Perhaps not,'* ho rejoined.
Tho gentleman continued his visits.
On ono of theso occasions, Mr. Bigelow,
after a lfUlo visiblo embarrassment^ said:
" I would like to ask your advice, Miss
Esther, on rather a delicate subject, and
oneot greutimportancotomyself. There
Is one thing I wish to secure to mako ray
establishment complete, but I hardly
know in what manner to ask for it."
"What Is it you refer to?" asked
"A wife," was the significant reply.
Instantly a deep crimson ?ushed Es
He took her hand and kissed iL
ther*s cheeks, ?ho did not trust hersoli
" Need I say that you are the one whom,
of all others, I would seek to place in
Ho took her unresisting hand and kissed
it with all the gallantry of a young lover.
" But what will my brother say?" in
quired Esther, when she found voice to
"What should he say? You are your
own mistress, surely?"
"Yes, but ho Is always ridiculing the
Idea of marriage, and I couldn't venture
to tell him."
M No need of It. I^et's run away to New
York and got married. You know," he
added gaily, "wo aro both young and
romantic, and it would be quite in char
After some demur Esther consented, and
that day week was appointed for the de
Meanwhile, if Esther had not been so
excluslvly occupied with her own affairs,
she might have noticed that a change had
come over Philip.
Ho was often absent evenings, and when
at homo was silent and abstracted.
The formershoreadlly attributed to the
cause which he assigned, namely, a pres
sure of business.
The latter she did not observo, her
mind being preoccupied.
We, who aro In the secret, may follow
him on ono of his business calls.
It was at a neat cottage, from whose
frontdoor dangled on immense knocker,
that Philip Manson knocked.
The door was opened by the same Miss
Preston who, somo months before, ho
thought "might do" for Mr. Blgelow.
"Good evening, Maria," was Ida saluta
tion as ho entered.
After a brief conversation about the
weather, tho crops, and other standard
topics, he began to show signs of embar
rassment, and finally ejaculated:
"Maria?Miss Preston?I mean Maria,
what are your opinions about marriage?"
"Why," said she, "I hardly know. I
don't think I have given much considera
tion to tho subject."
"Because," continued Philip, "I find
iay opinions have suffered a great change
on this point. There was a tlmo when I
thought It unwise, but now, if I could get
a good wife, such as you, for example, I
should be inclined to try it."
"Oh, lor! Mr. Manson," said Miss
Preston, In perturbation; "how you talk!''
In five minutes Miss Preston had ac
"Tho only thing I think of," said tho
gentleman after a pause, "Is that my
sister Esther is a decided enemy to mar
riage, and I hardly daro to tell her that I
am about to marry. If we could only go
away and have tho ceremony performed,
It would bo plcasanter."
"Suppose we go to Now York," sug
gested the brldo-elect.
"A good idea. WowiUgo. When can
you be ready?"
"Noxt Monday morning."
So next Monday morning was agreed
upon. It so happened that Esther was to
start on Monday for theeamo place, with
the same purpose in view.
Tho reader will pleaso go forward a
By this time tho respective parties havo
reached New York, beon united in the
holy bonds of matrimony, and ore now
legally husband and wife.
On tho morning succeeding tho two
marriages, for by a singular chanco they
happened on tho same day, Mr. Blgelow
and Esther started out for a walk down
It so happened that Philip and his wife
Tlic two Darties met.
wero at tho somo moment walking up the
street. The two parties met.
"Good Heavens! my sister!" exclaimed
"Merciful goodness ! my brother!" re
"What brings you here with Mr. Blge
" Nay, how happens It that you aro here
with Miss Preston?"
" Miss Preston is now my wife."
"And Mr. Bigelowis now my husband."
"ButI thought you were much opposed
I "And I (supposed you were equally so.-'
"My friends," interposed Mr. Bigelow,
? "this Is a day of surprise, but I trust of
I suchanaturo that we shall all bo made
I the happier thereby "My regret, Mr.
I Manson, ut robbing you of your liouse
I keeper is quite dissipated by the knowl
: edgo that you havo so soon supplied her
! The sensation excited in the village by
I tho return of the two brides with their re
I spective husbands may be Imagined. ' |
THIS POWDER NEVER VARIES.
A marvel of purity, strength and whole
iomeness. More economical than the ordin
lary kinds, and cannot be sold in competi
;ion with the multitude of low test, short
.veight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold
mly in cans.
Royal Baking Powder Co..
_106 Wall st., N. Y.
H AR PIN R IGGS,
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, WAG
Ilaving bought the right for Oraugeburg
County in the Celebrated Nun & Epps
Patent Non Washer Axle Nut, 1
am prepared to put them on
axles at ?1 per set. The use
of this Nut does away
with leather wash
Vehichles of every description repaired and
repainted on the shortest notice. All
kinds of Blacksmith Work and
Horseshoeing done promptly.
My Plaining and Moulding Machine Is stiL
in operation and I am prepared to fur
nish Moulding or Plain Lumber on
the most Liberal Cash Terms.
My Grist Mill runs every Saturday.
READ THE ABOVE CAREFULLY
South Cnrolinn ISaiivay.
Commencing on Jan. 3d, 1886, Fassengei
Trains will run as follows until tur
ner notice :
Going West, Daily Through Train.'
Depart Charleston. 7.20 a m
Depart Branchville. 8.51 a m
Depart Oraugeburg. 9.14 am
One at Columbia.10.40 a m
Going East, Daily Through Train.
Depart Columbia.S.27 p m
Depart Kingville.C.07 p m
DepartSt. Matthews.6.30 p m
Depart Orangeburg.6.55 p ni
Depart Branchville.7.30 p no
Due at Charleston.9.05 p ni
accommodation local train.
Going West, Daily.
Depart Charleston.5.10 p m
Depart Branchville.7.30 p m
Depart Orangeburg.8.04 p m
DepartSt. Matthews.8.40 p m
Depart Kingville.9.09 p m
Due at Columbia.10.00 p ni
Going East, Daily.
Depart Columbia.7.45 a w
Depart Kingville.8.35 a ni
DepartSt. Matthews.9.05 a nf
Depart Orangeburg.9.43 a m
Depart Branchville.10.20 am
Due at Charleston.12.32 p a
West, Daily, Except Sunday.
Depart Kingville.10.15 a lr 6.12 p m
Due at Uamocn.12.47 p m 7.42 p m
East, Daily, Except Sunday.
Depart Camden.7.00 a m 3.15 p m
Due at Kinsgville.8.30 a m 5.47 p m
2.35 a m 8.50 a m 7.35 p m
4.18 a m 9.47 a m 8.33 p m
Due at Augusta?
7.30 am 11.40 am 10.30 pm
7.20 a m 4.45 p m 10.35 p m
9.12 a m 6.34 p m 1.41 a m
Due at Branchville?
10.12 a ni 7.32 p m 3.15 a m
ISAllNWELL K. K.
West, Daily except Sunday.
Depart Blackville.9.55 a m 8.40 p m
Due Barnwell.10.40 p 111 9.10 p m
Depart Barnwell.8.24 a m 5.15 p m
Due Blackville.8.49 a m 6.00 p m
WAY EIIKIOHT AND PASSENOElt TRAIS.
Dally, except Sundays. Stops at all stations.
Depart Branchville.6.20 a m
Due Columbia.!>.25 a in
Depart Columbia.5.05 1> i?
Due Branchville.9.25 p m
Passengers to and from stations on Cam
den Branch change cars at Kingville.
Passengers to or from stations on Augus
ta Division change cars at Branchville,
also at Blackville for Barnwell.
Connections made at Columbia with Co
lumbia and Greenville Railroad by train ar
riving at Columbia at 1U.4U A. M. and de
parting at 5.27 P. M. Connections made at
Columbia .Junction with Charlotte, Colum
bia and Augusta Railroad, also bj
these trains to and from all points
on both roads. Connection made at Charles
ton with steamers for New York on Wednes
days and Saturdays: also, with Savannah
and Charleston Uailroad to all points South.
Connections ; re made at Augusta with
Georgia Uailroad and Central Uailroad to
and from all points West and South
Connections made at Hlaekville with Barn
well Uailroad to and from Barnwell by
Through Tickets can be purchased to all
points South and West by applying to
I). C. ALLEN,
General Passenger and Ticket Agent.
John B. I'ECK, General Manager.
J. G. l'osru.i., Agent at Oraugeburg.
police of B>i>mi*>:i5.
ON THE 15TH DAY OF MARCH
I will file my final account with the
Judge of Probate as Executor of the Will
of Ellen Jackson, and ask for a discharge.
D. F. SP1GENER, Executor.
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING,
Boots, Sloes ai Hats
TO BE SOLD.
BRUNSON & DIBBLE
have their store packed with the
cheapest und best goods you ever
saw. Big bargains are beiug offered
in every line.
DRESS GOODS in all styles, (our
specialty in this depaatment is
SILKS AND SATINS at the very
LADIES NECKWEAR, LACES.
EMBROIDERY AND TRIM
MINGS in all the latest novelties.
Our lines of GLOVES AND HO
SIERY are full to overflowing. Hav
ing the largest assortment ever
brought to this city.
Our DOMESTIC DEPARTMENT
?is complete in every particular.
In CLOTHING we oiler you the
newest and nobbiest styles made and
the best fits, for men and boys.
Be sure to examine our stock of
SHOES, which has been bought
with au eye to the needs of all. We
lead the cit}r with the best lines of
Handsewed and Custom SHOES for
Gents, Ladies and Children. The
Heiser Handsewed Shoes for gentle
men and the Dixon Custom-made
Shoes for Ladies and Children are
the best. Don't have an}' other.
Every pair warranted. Remember
the names, "HEISER" and "DIX
Mens and Boys HATS AND
CAPS in all the newest styles.
Our line of Ladies and Misses
CLOAKS, CIRCULARS, JACK
ETS, dec, are just superb.
In Gents' FURNISHING GOODS
we have everything for the comfort
of this sex.
BASKETS of all kinds. UM
BRELLAS, TRUNKS AND VA
LISES and a thousand other articles
too numerous to begin to mention.
Just give us a call and wc will
convince you that we arc the cheap
est house in the State. Goods shown
Branson & Dibble,
JOHN C. PIKE,
ORANGEBURG, S C.
Call and cxanrinc my Gi>;?.;.?. before
purchasing. They arc first class and
my prices are as low as the lowest.
__JOHN C. PIKE._
\ LL PERSONS HAVING CLAIMS
xx against the Estate of T. J. 1'. Walsh,
deceased, will present the same properly
attested, and those indebteded to said Estate
will make payment t? I/.lar & Glaze Attor
neys, on or before the 10th dav of March,
A."U. 188C, or to OXAN U. ltlLEY,
I Feb. 18-4t Administrator.