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The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, March 18, 1886, Image 1

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ESTABLISHED IK 186
IS THE NEGRO A FAILURE?
BOTH SIDES OF AN IMPORTANT AND
INTERESTING SUBJECT.
The Merita of the Question Discussed, by
Georgia and South Carolina Formers?A
Review of the Past. Present and Future
of the Nejrro as a Laborer.
Tbe Augusta Chronicle has within the j
last ten days devoted much of its space
to a free discussion of the ment3 of the
negro as a laborer, and particularly as
to whether he is or is not a failure in
such capacity. The text for the inquiry
was the recent speech or Prof. White
before the farmers at Columbus,. Ga.,
arraigning the negro as a laborer and
declaring that intensive farming and im
migration are the best substitutes for the
present system of labor.
The Chronicle, with a view of getting
the opinions of prominent South Caro
linians and Georgians on the subject,
addressed to them a circular letter ask
ing for their views. These gentlemen
have responded, and below will be found
an abstract of their opionions on this
important subject.
In answer to the broad questions:
"Is the negro a failure, and do you be
lieve that we must look for a new class
to supply his place on the farm?" Mr.
Marion McDowell, of Georgia, says:
"I answer emphatically I do not, and
I base my answer upon fifty years ex
perience, Prof. White to the contrary
notwithstanding. The negro is lazy, so
is the white "man; of course, we see
honorable exceptions in both races,
ofterner in the white race because they
have more pride of character and more
sense. The negro sees and feels this,
hence his willingness to be guided and
directed by the white man. It is wrong.
I think, to blame the negro for his faUure)
on the farm where the landowner rents
to him and turns him loose to shift for
himself. He is broken when he begins,
and but few white or black men rise.
So rare is it that when one succeeds it
is apt to be noised about that somebody
has suflered. The negro as a laborer
on the farm, since freedom, deserves
credit instead of censure. The change
from slavery to freedom was very great.
It actually killed a good many before
they found out that freedom would not
do to eat. Then the franchise was ex
tended to them when they were pro
foundly ignorant of what it meant. But
what race, nation or tribe would have
behaved as well under simflar circum
stances? Xo, sir; the negro is not a
failure on the farm. Take any county
in Georgia, and where you find the most
negroes there you will find the most cot
ton made, and that is the trouble and
has done more to cripple the farming
interests than bad labor. I would not
bo understood to say that onr laocr
system is a good one, but I. do say that |
it is the be3t we can get, and with con- j
cert of action among the fanners could
be made the best labor for the South
to be had, either from the old or new
worlds."
Capt. B. K. Tillman, of Hamburg, S.
C, says:
"Prof. White has broached a large
subject, and one that needs speedy solu
tion, both in South Carolina and Georgia,
indeed, all over the South. I agree with
much that he says; in some things I
think he Is wide of the mark. His de
scription of the negroes as they are, is
in the main correct, but I do not think
they are not 'susceptible of that train
ing which enables them to work on
lands to the best advantage.' I make
bold to assert that the negro as a labor
er is fully equal to the average land
owner as a farmer. Whenever we learn
as a people to farm instead of plant,
there will be no further trouble.about
labor. The need of the South is not
labor but better' directed labor, The
negro is here, and he is here to stay.
He is shiftless, lazy and earless of to
morrow; will not lay up any tiling for a
'rainy day,' but be cannot be displaced
by foreign immigrants because he will
underwork them, and I am not in favor
of dumping tbe scum of Europe on our
shores at State expense. As a 'peasan
try,' or 'mud-sills,' the negroes "are as
good as any. We need intelligent im
migrants who will buy our land and
farm, not plant; but I fear the develop
ment of the older and more worn out
States of the South must be wrought out
by our own people.
"What shall the present generation
do ? I answer, teach fanners the enor
of their ways and put them to thinking
by meaus of farmers' institutes. These
are not costly, aud the five thous
and dollars which Prof. White proposes
to waste in trying to find his 'peasantry'
can be far better spent in organizing a
corps of scientific and practical experts
who shall go from county to county dur
ing the idle seasons of the year, giving
lectures, reading essays, answering
questions, &c, and teaching the people
how to farm. This system is in active
operation all over the North, and many
countries of Europe, and costs nothing
compared to its value as a means of ad
vancing the interests of agriculture."
One ol the most interesting and ex
haustive papers on the subject has been
contributed by Major Harry Hammond,
of Beech Island, S. C. Major Haniond,
among other strong arguments, says:
"No one acquainted with the record
of the negro before or during the late
war counts him as of no avail. Remem
ber the armies he fed during those four
years, how his market value had in
creased 300 per cent, between 1845 and
18G0, and how In 1848 he made cotton,
paying all costs and interest on invest
ment for 4 7-10 cents a pound. (See
Solon Robinson in DeBow's Review.)
To-day, even with cotton at 7i cents,
he earns a living, pays interest on the
capital that gives him employment, and
has a small cash surplus, which he un
fortunately wastes, but which would
suffice to msure his life for ono thous
and dollars. It would seem to follow
that there is no prospect of his extinc
-Col M Glover Jan 1. '86
>9. OB
tion or of his removal from his present
field of labor. It has been noted that
where the negro forms more than 56 per
cent, of the population he shows a
tendency to decrease, and where he
forms less than this per centage he
shows a tendeucy to increase. It is not
improbable that there will gradually
supervene a general diffusion of the
colored race according to some sucli law
as this, and every hindrance to the forces
promoting it should be removed.
"But if the negro is not a failure how
is the fact to be accounted for that the
territory he occupies is far leis pros
perous than it formerly was ?"
i "My answer is that this territory has
become Involved in profound social and
industrial problems tonchim: the rela
tions of labor and capital, and the dis
tribution of wages and profits, problems
which in this generation have* become
living issues and are being fought out
man to man on every square mile of
territory from Russia to California.
Whoever solves these problems and fur
nishes a plan on which free labor and
free capital may be organized so as to
call out the full activities of eacn, avoid
j ing injustice and oppression on the one
hand and waste and pillage on the other,
must abolish labor, as slavery has been
abolished, substituting for it work up to
the lull force and faculty of each man,
and will have transcended all previous
human achievements. Xo man will do
it. But that faith in human progress
which can never be abandoned inspires
the hope that the people themselves
will in process of time reach some ap
proximate and practical solution that
will put an end to the present turmoil
and strife, and allow the return of peace,
security and steady work.
? "Meanwhile, we have already advan
ced far enough in onr struggle to review
some of the things which have been
done, aud to pass judgment on them.
"The negro should never have been
projected into politics where without
subserving any good end, he enabled at
great cost to himself the carpet bagger
to plunder the community'.
"The law. for collecting liens on crops
should be done away with Anally and
forever in every form and shape. It
has substituted an unreal and artificial
credit for the proper and natural growth
based on character aud thrift; it has
forcibly dismissed the intelligence of the
community from the supervision of its
industries; it has seduced working men
into speculative undertakings resulting
for them in bankruptcy and has deliver
ed them soul and body by a cheap, sum
mary process, into the hands of the
cross roads grocery dealers; it is a legacy
ot the carpet bagger that has drained the
country of the little he spared.
"If we are to have a tenant system
our tenants must have means of their
own. It is bellieved that agricultural,
depression m England is due to the
attempt by tenants to farm with a capi
tal of only $30 to the acre. Capital is
only accumulated by savings; and se
cure savings banks, postal savings
banks, perhaps, would do much to
educate and elevate the negro if he can
unlearn the terrible lesson of the Freed
nian's Saving Bank.1"
Mr. John A. Cobb, of Americus, Ga.,
comes out strongly in endorsement of
Prof. White's statement that the negro
is a failure. Mr Cobb says:
"In the past twenty years every
branch of industry has advanced, and
In 3ome branches very great improve
ments have been made, except in South
ern agaculture, where the negro is the
principal laborer. This is not confined
to any particular section of the South,
but the same report comes from the
Potomac to the Rio Grand.
"When the negroes were our slaves
for the purpose of discipline and control
they: were always under the eye and
control of white men. They were
preached to by white men and were
thrown constantly under the control
and in association of white men; being
very imitative and easily impressed,
this association was improving to him.
Xow they are under the control of the
white man only when actually at work
under his directions. They arc taught
by negro teachers, preached to by neixro
preachers, and the white man, beim? a
restraint on him, is rarely seen at his
gatherings. Their preachers and teach
ers, the best informed among them, for
the purpose of keeping up their influ
ence, instead of trying to elevate and
enlighten them, are constantly appealing
to their prejudices and superstitions,
and as a result the negro, as a class,
has beeu going backward for the past
twenty years.
"Improved modes of agriculture and
intensive farming arc impossible- with
the uegro as the laborer and as tenants
or independent farmers they are worse
failures. As an evidence, see the
hundreds of plantations in Georgia that
have gone to ruin that have been turned
over to them as tenants. So thorough
ly satisfied are the people of this sectiou
of the State on this question that we
raised money and had a pamphlet printed
setting forth the ad vatages of Southwest
ern Georgia, and sent Major Gleessner,
of the Americus Recorder, with them to
Ohio, in company of Dr. Easterbook1
and induced a large part of both of his
excursion to come to /Ymericus, in which
we were liberally aided by the Central
Railroad giving reduced rates to the
excursioni-sts. We are now organbang
an assoemtiou, aud will raise a fund to
use hereafter for the purpose of adverti
sing this section of the State and encour
aging emigration to it."
Burned to Death.
A barn belonging to Mr. Henry Shull
about two and a half miles from Lexing
ton C. H. was destroyed by fire on
Thnrsday night last. Two young color
ed men named Ephraim Smith and
Dave Miles who were asleep in the barn
were consumed by the flames. About
fifty or seventy-five dollars wortli of
feed was burned. It is supposed that
Smith and Miles had been smoking be
fore going to sleep.
L^GrEBTTRGr, S. C, THI
MORMONS IN THE MOUNTAINS.
The People Wont to Know "What They
Shall Dc With Them.
Some of the citizens about Danville,
Oconee county, desire to know what
course they had best take to rid their
settlement of some Mormon priests,
who it seems are industriously engaged
in propagating their doctrines in that
section. Our information is that they
have gained a few converts and seemed
to be encouraged. The summary pro
cess of violence has been used with
complete success in several portions of
the State, bu% this should not be resor
ted to for citizens have no right to take
the law into their own hands except to
prevent a felony. These priests would
not stay long in a place unless they met
with some encouragement. Hut If" they
or any of their converts violate the law
by practicining in the prolygamv de
partment of the mormon's faith, then
every obstacle between such offenders
and the State penitentiary is removed.
The easiest and surest way for the
citizens of Danvillo to ascertain their
legal rights in the matter is to find out
precisely what the mormons are doing,
and report the same to some member of
the grand jury, who will bring the mat
ter to the attention of th'j court. When
Solicitor Orr linds out what a man is
doing in a community, and the effect of
his deeds, if the statutes furnhjh the peg
he will soon suspend him.?Walhalla
Courier.
DYING FOR FOOD.
_
Indescribable Distress Among the Island
ers on the Irish Coast,
London, March 10.?The govern
ment has placed gunboats at the service
of Mr. Take in his work of relieving the
distress among the inhabitants of islands
along the western Irish coast. Inde
scribable distress has been developed
among the people inhabiting the Arran
Isles, off Galway, who, besides having
hardly anything but moss and sea grass
left to eat, are without fire and often
without clothing and shelter.
It is not rear to find girls of seventeen
and eighteen kept in enforced hiding dur
ing the day time because bereft of every
thread of clothing, long ago bartered
away for seed pototoes, or roots to feed
the smaller children. A fishing inspec
tor recently went among the miserable
people ol Arran to distribute relief, but
his supplies have run short. He says
that in order to save the lives of scores
of people now dying of starvation on
those western islands it is imperative
that relief on a large scale be at once
organized.
A DEADLY DRAUGHT.
Fifty People Poiwono<l by Urtoking Coffee
Mixed With Pari? Green.
Lebanon, Pa., March 11.?Tuesday
afterDOon about eighty inmates of the
almshonse were seized with vomiting
and severe pams. Dr Weiss, the at
tending physician, was hastily sum
moned and at once pronounced it a case
of wholesale poisoning. Measures were
promptly taken to counteract the
poison. To day most of the victim are
suffering severely from nausea, and
twelve of them arc in a critical condi
tion. An investigation revealed the
fact that all who drank of the coffee
prepared for Tuesday's noon meal were
sick, and the doctor soon found the coffee
pot lined with a thick sediment of paris
green. The vessel holds a barrel or
more, and into this some person had
thrown almost four pounds of poison.
Dr. Weiss is of the opinion that had it
not been that the poison was too strong,
causing instant vomiting, more than
half the inmates of the almshouse would
now be dead. _
MICHIGAN'S SOLDIER GIRL.
Homantic Sequel to a Woman's Experi
ence in the Kauks.
Washington, Mar. 10.?The House
Committee on Military Affairs has
shown its gallantry on a bill which has
been before it and which brought out a
strange episode of war. It appears that
at the breaking out of the rebellion
a young woman donned trousers, coat
and vest and enlisted as a private in
Company F, Second Michigan Volun
teers. Her disguise was successful for,
more than two years, and she participa
ted in si number of battles. Her sex
was finally discovered while she was
sick in a hospital. She never returned to
her regiment, and as its officers did not
know the reason the name of Franklin
Thomson, her assumed one, bad mark
ed opposite it on the muster roll, "De
serted." The bill removes the charge
of desertion and has been favorable re
ported by the committee. Her real
name was Miss Seelye.
BLOWN TO ATOMS
The Boilers or? Tug Boat Blown up, Kill
ing the Entire Crew.
Boston, March 10.?The tug John
Mardei left her berth at T wharf at 6,30
o'clock this morning, starting down the
harbor in search of vessels desiring hqr
services. There was a large number of
persons on the wharf, who watched the
boat steam away. Just as she arrived
off Long Island, an explosion occurred
on board, the noise of which was plainly
audible in the city. The boat was
blown completely to atoms and her
crew of five men were instantly killed.
The crew consisted of Capt, Cyrus A.
Nickerson, who resided at No. 37 Lon
don street, Fast Boston; Engineer Geo.
B. Crocker; Fred Crocker, fireman; Al
bert D. Smith, cook, and James Hop
kins, deckhand. The bodies of the
Captain and Engineer were recovered
by tugs cruising in the vicinity. They
were brought here and taken to the
morgue.
Congressman Holm, of Louisiana,
died Monday last.
:
I _
TRSDAY, MARCH 18, 16
THE TA&FF QUESTION.
AN OPEN* MANLY LETTER FROM
CONGRESSMAN DIBBLE.
Free Trade Impracticable at thin Time
bat will Cheerfully Asaist in an Effort
to Correct the Irregularities of the Pres
ent System.
Representative Dibble has written a
letter, to Prof. R. Menus Davis, chair
man of the executive committee ol the
Free Trade Association of South Caroli
na under date of/March 8. He says:
"Tour letter of the 4th instant arrived
duly, and in reply to your invitation to
deliver a public address on the tariff per
mit me. to state that the exacting nature
of my public, professional and private
duties does not admit of compliance with
your request at present, I am relieved
of regret on this account, because I am
satisfied that you will realize, on reflec
tion, that the wrong of 'protection' is
not,, as you aver, endured, only because
unrealized and unexpoaed; for no griev
ance lias been more fully ventilated be
fore the American people, in Congress
and out of Congress, by debates, votes, es
says stump speeches, newspaper articles
and party platforms; aud on no public
question is the position of Congress,
and of every member of Congress, more
clearly defined.
"My own views were long since given
to my constituency, in the press and on
the stump; but since you desire their
reiteration I snatch a few moments
from important engagement to repeat
them briefly.
"In common with others I have given
to the subject ot Federal taxation much
study aud reflection, and especially in
its relations to State taxtation; and
I have been impressed with the ap
parent wisdom of the system, where
by the States surrendered to the Fede
ral Government the absolute control
of the customs as the ordinary means of
raising revenue; and it has always seem
ed to me to be the spirit of the Constitu
tion that the other modes of taxation
were to be reserved for State and local
purposes, except when war or other
emergencies compelled the General
Government to collect extraordinary
sums from the people. Hence, m my
judgment, it is neither desirable nor
proper to demand of Congress a speedy
abolition of artificial barriers and Govern
mental toll-gates,' in which proposition
I interpret your meaning to be the aban
donment of costoms duties and the sub
stitutions ot something else in their
place. This would require a fundament
al change in our entire system of taxa
tion, as established by the fathers; and
is inconsistent with the traditional
attachment of South Carolina to. the
Consfatotioa, and the past record of her
Bfirosmenror conservatism ? and strict
construction.
"Would you raise Federal revenues
by direct taxation? Consider for a mo
ment that the State of South Carolina
has debts of her own to pay?her State
bonds, her county and other municipal
indebtedness?and that our people, in
their depressed and impoverished con
dition, are already sufficiently burdened
with the annual calls of the tax-gatherer
to meet current State aud county expen
ses and interest upon these debts, to
say nothing of paying the principal. If
you add to this the share of South
Carolina in the debt of the Federal
Governmcut,(one-tiftieth of it, according
to the Constitution,) you make the bur
den heavier than we can bear. The
Federal debt is liilteen huudred millions
of dollars. (On February 1.188G, the
total debt of the United States, less
available cash items, was $1,514,472,
135.15.) Our share of it is thirty
millions. The aunual expenses of the
General Government are two hundred
and sixty millions; our share would be
over five millions annually. Under the
present plan of raising revenues for
Federal purposes the ordinary expenses
are met, and the United States debt is
being reduced at the rate of abont two
millions ot* dollars a week, at which rate
it will be settled inside of twenty years.
"Wheu this burden shall have been
removed, and when conditions exist other
than the present, absolute free trade
may become a practical question. Now
it is a theory, not applicable to our
situation.
"For reasons equally conclusive, it
is impolitic and impracticable to rely
upon an income or an excise tax to meet
the exigencies of Federal requirements.
Shape it as you may, the main depen
dence for Federal revenues must be upon
the costoms. Resides, should all of these
alternative expedients be resorted to
for the ordiuary revcuues of the Govern
ment, the States would lind but little to
glean from an impoverished people,
after the Federal inquisitor aud tax
gather has levied contribution upon
them; and suits in the Federal Courts,
brought by spies and mercenary inform
ers, would intensify the evils we have
already suffered under the operation of
the present internal revenue system.
So far as the present tarifl is concern
ed, with its unjust discriminations in fa
vor ot some sections and against others, I
will cheerfully assist in any judicious
effort to correct its itregularities and to
lighten its unnecessary burdens.
"In this you and I cannot widely dif
fer, both of us being servauts of the peo
ple under Democratic designation, and
having as our Shibboleth the platforms
of the State and National Democracy,
approved bv the States in their electoral
vote in 1884, and by the people in re
turning a majority of the same political
faith in the present House of Represen
tatives at Washington. Aud I trust
that you agree with me that it would be
worse than unwise to set up other stand
ards of political faith, unless authorized
by the common consent of the Demo
cracy, aud under the regular forms o
party administration. Upou this basis
rests our party unity, and in this uuioi:
there is strength; nay, more, for us ir
J86.
PRIC3
this union only is there safety.
"I express these, my opinions, not in
the spirit of controversy, (for which I
have neither time nor inclination,) but
because your association, comprising a
number of gentlemen, some ofwhomare
my personal friends, have requested me
to give public expression of my views at
tliis time; and because I accept your ac
tion as being prompted by those high
motives of patriotic devotion to our be
loved Stale which befits those who value
her traditions, and have studied her his
tory.. ; v '?'
uIn conclusion please accept for your
self apd your associates of the com
mittee the assurances of my sincere
consideration." . ? ?/ -
AN EXCITING SCENE
Scalawagger BIddleberger and Black
Jack Logan Kicking' np a Du.it.
Washington, March 10.?The senate
galleries were again crowded to-day,
attracted by the debate on the Edmunds
resolutions. While the debate on that
subject did not develop any feature of
special interest or excitement, the assem
bled audience was treated to a scene
not down on the bills. Senator Riddle
bergcr, it appears, felt nggrieved at the
act of his brother republican. Sena
tor Logan, in placing upon the pages
of the Congressional Record the letter
of Captain Eads, which practically gave
Mr. Riddleberger the lie. The junior
Virginia senator took the floor and in a
spirit of assumed humility lauded Sena
tor Logan's military genius. Though
unknown to military fame, Senator
Riddleberger intimated that he did not
propose to be entirely suppressed by
the towering genius of the Illinois sena
tor. Then, giving full play to his feel
ing of resentment, Seuator Riddleberger
charged that in spreading Captain Ead's
letter upon the Record, Senator Logan
had become rcponsible for the charge
tliat he (Riddleberger) had on the floor
of the senate uttered a false charge.
With a dramatic air, and in an earnest
voice, Senator Riddleberger declared
that he held Senator Logan, not Eads,
responsible, and he said: "Let the
representatives of Eads take care of
him on this floor."
In an instant Senator Logan was upon
his feet, and it was apparent that
parliamentary discretion had yielded to
personal Indignation. Turning to Senator
Riddleberger and pointing his finger at
him be said that he had1 treated the
senator from Virginia with kindness,
bot in calling him the representative of
Eads that senator had altered what was
absolutely untrue.
Senator Riddleberger descried the
effect of his rather wild utterances.
He saw that Senator Logan was mad
clear through, and he sought to interrupt
by shouting. *'I appeal to you Gen.
Logan.*'---' ? iL-?
Finally Senator Riddleberger dis
claimed any intension of personal offence
to Senator Logan and the usual decorum
of the Senate, wliich had been very
much disturbed, was gradually restored.
During this interchange of person
alities great confusion prevailed on the
floor of the senate and in the galleries,
and at one time a personal encounter
between Senators Riddleberger and
Logan was feared. Such an intensely
exciting scene has not been witnessed at
the capitol for many years.?News and
Courier.
MURDERED AT HIS POST.
Express Meswcngor Killed and Bobbed?
a Lynching Possible.
Chicago, March 13.?The express
messenger on the west bound tram on
the Rock Island road was killed in his
car last niidit, between Jolie t and Mor
ris and his safes broken open and robbed
of all valuables, amounting to a large
sum, which cannot yet be exactly stated.
The car bore evidence of a terrible
struggle. The messenger, whose name
is Nichols, was found dead when his car
was opened at Morris. His throat was
cut in a manner that suggested a hatchet
or a dull knife, and his skull was crush
ed with a. stove poker. A poker was
found in the car that did not belong
there. In Nichols' cieuched right hand
was found a lock of black hair, and in
the other hand a lock of red hair. So
far there is no clue to the murderers,
but the country is already alive with
searchers, and there is every reason to
believe that the murderers will he lynch
ed if discovered.
a Boy Murders Four People.
A dispatch from Osagc City, Kansas,
says: J. W. Sells and wife, their son
Walter, aged 19, and their daughter
Ida aged 14. were murdered sometime
Sunday night, or early Monday morning,
and there is hardly a doubt but that the
murderer is William Sells, aged 17, a
son and brother of the murdered people.
This boy gave the alarm to the neigh
bors early Monday morning and said
the family had been attacked by two
strangers whom he described. Suspi
cion was directed to the boy from his
heartless manner, and his underclothing
was found saturated with blood, and
bore evidence of an attempt to remove
the stains. The murders were commit
ted with a hatchet and butcher knife
while the victims slept. They were all
dreadfully mangled. Plenty of money
and portable valuables were found in the
house and nothing had been disturbed.
The Old Story.
Louisville, March 10.?Last night
twenty-live men quietly took Handy
Woodward, colored, out of the jail at
Russellville, and hanged him to the
same limb that the notorious Sambo
Bailey was hanged to two years ago.
Woodward was identified as the man
who attempted to outrage the twelve
year old daughter of Chas. Johnson,
station agent at Bed Oak, Monday.
The elegant steamship Oregau collid
ed with a schooner last Monday off New
York and both vessels were Wqk,
E 81.50 PER ANNUM.
JUDGE LYNCH.
THE BLOODY DEED AND TRAGIC END
OF A NEGRO BOY.
AltntMt Successful Attempt to Brain ?
Lady While Asleep?The Arrest anil
ConfuartJort ot her Assailant?>TI>e Terri
ble Sequel.
Friday night last Mr. Gideou Sauls
left his hom?. situated between Gillison
yHIeand Hennis's Cross Roads, for the
purpose of attending to some business at
Coosawhatchie. and was detained all
night. The only parties left on his place
were his wife and a colored boy aged
about seventeen years. During the
uigfct, and while asleep, Mrs. Sauls was
awakened by a severe blow on the head.
As She arose she was struck two suc
cessive blows In the face with an axe
which knocked her senseless, and in this
state she remained until next morning.
She was there alone until 9 o'clock the
next day, when a small boy came upon
the place, and Mrs. Sauls sent for Mr.
Meeker, a neighbor. Shortly after Ulis
her husband arrived, aud the news
spread through the neighborhood. Mrs.
Sauls informed her husband that she had
been assaulted by Charlie Mills, alias
Charlie Rrunson. Search was made for
this boy, and he was captured about 3
o'clock Saturday near Ridgeland by Mr.
Alfred Sauis. He was earned back to
Mr. Gideon Sauls's and turned over to
Mr. B. S. Heapc. He was taken before
Mrs. Sauls and Identified by her, and
acknowledged his guilt. He stated that
he was persuaded by Hezekiah Primus,
Sr., colored, to kill Mrs. Sauls during
the absence of her husband, and to se
cure what money there was in the house
and divide with Primus, and he (Mills)
was to run away. When he struck the
blow Primus, who was outside, didn't
come in, and he became frightened and
left. After making his statement he
was taken before Trial Justice Reid and
a commitment prepared. Mills was
then turned over to Constables B. S.
Heape and W. D. Freeman. They left
Hennis's at 9 o'clock Monday night to
bring Mills to the jail at this place.
When about three miles from Hennis's
they were met by 150 men, white and
colored, who forcibly pushed the con
stables aside and took Mills away.
Later in the night the dead body of
Charles was found swinging from the
beam over the gate opening into the
yard in front of the residence of Mr. W.
H. Ellis, who lives three miles from
Hennis's cross roads. Whde under ar
rest the boy told the constables that he
had killed a white boy with a brick in
Savannah about a year ago. His story
corresponds with the killing about that
time of a white boy named Joseph Mas
ters, whose father still lives in Savan
nah; Mrs. Sauls is still In a precarious
condition, and her recovery is extremely
doubtful. Primus was arrested, but
denied having anything to do with the
attempt to murder aud rob Mrs. Sauls.
He was released.?Hampton Gnvardian.
LYNCH LAW'S VICTIMS.
Three Indiana Men Launched Into Eterni
ty by a Mob,.
Shoals, Ind., March tQ-.? The no
torious Archers, who have been con
fined in the county jail for several weeks
past under charges of murder, expiated
their horrible crime at the hands of a
determined mob at 12^30 yesterday
morning. The mob marched into the
town and to the jaiL When the jail
was reached the keys, were demanded
and refused. When the spoKCsman
ordered them to go tu, the doors were
battered down. After gaining an en
trance and spending a short lime with
the doomed men, they were led out in
the midst of the mob and taken to the
court yard. A few words were exchang
ed. They selected trees on which they
were to be hanged. When the noose
was placed on their respective neck3,
the word was given to haul up aud in a
few moments tho three lifeless bodies of
Johu, Martin and Thomas Archer could
be seen suspended in mid-air on trees
fronting tho Court House. The mob
then quietly disbanded. Iu a few mom
ents after the mob had dispersed the
court yard was filled with persons seek
ing a glimpse of the lifeless forms. The
people are wild with excitement.
A Horrible Love Token.
St. Louis, March 11.?Sadie Hayes,
tho colored woman under sentence of
death for the murder of Police Sergt.
Jeuks, hasalover named William Laccy,
who is as black as she is. She wanted
?some Longiblc proof of his love, and
said that if ho really loved her as he
professed, he would, before their final
separation, present her a gold ring he
wore, with the linger ou which it was
worn. To-morrow he was to be taken
to the penitentiary, having boensenten
ed to a term of three years fcr burglary.
This evening Ins swecthcait received
the desired proof of his love?the little
liuger of his right hand, adorned with
the gold ring. Laccy had actually saw
ed or cut off his little finger at the joint
with a steel shank taken from his shoe
and sharpen on the iron bars of his cell.
He wrapped the bleeding stump of the
finger iu his handkerchief, and to-night
it was amputated and dressed by a sur-.
gcon.
The Chinese Munt "Go".
Augusta, Ga? March 8.?The arrfc
val of two Chinamen here to daY and
the "promised arrival of twenty more
to-morrow," lias caused some excite
ment and the threat is made that force
will bo resorted to drive thorn out of the
city. The Chinese here number several
hundred, all shop-keepers, and they
have almost ruined the greengrocer's
buisncss. The Chinese have married
white wives. The City Council will be
: asked to revoke the Chinese license,
i aud if tho request is refused the Celcs
' tials will be waited upon at midnight
? and marched out of town,

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