Newspaper Page Text
SUMMER AND WINTER.
There is no blast howe'er so fierce it blows
Across wide Moorlands leaguered fast by
That does no'; bear the presage of a tune
The thrush will carol in the heart of June.
?UC. S." in Youth's Companion,
VALUABLE FARMS IN NORWAY.
How the Norwegians Work Their Kugged
Some of the moat valuable farms in
Norway would be spurned as a gift by
-American husbandmen, who are seldom
content with places of sudden undula
tion, or, indeed, with anything but
pieces of rich prairie or bottom land. But
the Norwegians are industrious and
thrifty grangers, have comfortable barns
and fine cattle, and generations of fam
ilies succeed each other - in poesessing
and working their mountain farmsteads.
Their houses are substantially con
structed of wood, end inside 'there ?s an
air of comf >rt and cleanliness. ,
But what of the farm? Look about
you. Mountains hem us in on all sides;
there is ho room for the fields 1 :;s wo
know them at home;: hut grass grows
luxuriantly among the rocks, with occa
sionally a jatch as large as -an ordinary
villa garden. There the farmer: cuts a
portion of his nay crop, on which his
"horses and cattle are mainly de
pendent during the eight winter
months. But his hay-field is ?' yet
wider spread. Glance upward some
1,500 feet these, where an opening oc
curs in the dwarf birch, and you will ob
serve the diminished form of a man busy
at work. That is the farmer, a thorough
mountaineer, cutting the grass which
grows on yonder "narrow ledge of rock.
He has been up since early morn, and
will probably not descend till evening;
not a tuft of grass will be left ungathered;
not a foot of level ground on that steep
and rugged mountain side but will be
visited, and its small crop carefully re
moved by the industrious bergsman.
J? he has a wide stretch of field (hill
pasture or moorland) in his boundary,
the farmer erects wooden sheds, in which
he stores Iiis hay till winter, when, by an
ingenious contrivance, he has the whole
rapidly and easily conveyed to the valley.
A familiar object in a Norwegian glen is
the strong steel wire which stretches
from the foot to the summit of tho
mountain. Down this wire the bundles'
of hay- are expeditiously sent without
labor, and then carried in sledges to the
steadings. Without such a method
many weary journeys would be necessary
ere the hay required for a long winter
could be brought down. It appears the
Norwegian farmer borrowed the idea of
this hay telegraph from his brother hills
men of the Tyrol.?Chambers' Journal.
The Detectives of Wall Street.
?Thousands of pedestrians move to and
fro past the stock exchange and about
the money center of the city each day.
Solid old financier?, whose check would
be taken unquestioned for a million,
come and go. Dapper clerks, who look
v * .Ukfl.millio^ajrffl on fftfwn dollars ft-week;
messenger boys by the score flit hither
and thither with hands full of bonds or
other securities making deliveries accord
ing to contracts and sales arranged on
the excliange floor. Bank agents, with
small fortunes often in the capacious
portmonnaies strapped to their waists,
going to the clearing-house to make good
the daily balances, while every few mo
ments comes the lumbering wagon
pushed along the sidewalk conveying the
. cash from Uncle Sam's collecting counter
J at the custom house to Uncle Sam's
strong vault below the sub-treasury. On
i every side is wealth, yet attempts at
? robbery are very rare, and successful
\ ventures at thievery- scarcer still. .
The fact is that every face passing
along Wall street is scanned. It is a
great place for seeming loafers and
loungers. Curbstone brokers have the
semblance of loungers. Clerks enjoy a
cigarette on the sidewalk. So a lounger
more or less is not noted. But all who
apparently loaf about with little to do
are not loafers. They are sharp-eyed de
tectives, to whom the face of every crook
in the country is known, and who are
constantly on the lookout for those faces.
?New York World.
A Diminutive Printing Pres?.
A firm on Wall street, New York, has
in operation and on exhibition what is
probably the smallest working printing
press in the world. It is an interchang
able cylinder, printing from c continu
ous roll, with a cut-off. It is but 12 1-2
inches in length and 71-2 inches high.
Its width in the widest part is 10 1-2 in
ches. At the office where it is in use it
has been necessary to furnish to brokers
and others a daily letter, of financial
news. Until the invention of tfc; press
this service was performed by the mani
fold Bystem. Nine manifolders were re
quired, working Very rapidly. By simple
hand power, after the type is set, 200
copies per minute of any circular can be
printed. With a dynamo machine to
furnish the power, over 500 copies can be
printed in the same time.?Chicago
Germany's Noted Bat Aged Historian.
It is said that Leopold v?n Ranke looks
like a perfect specimen of those mediaeval
philosophers who spent their days and
nights in front of huge, outspread folios,
with no companion but a pensive cat,
and no furniture or ornament to their
cells save skulls and cross bones, sand
glasses, ebxir phials, and chemical re
torts. His manners are described as
affable and unaffected, and he never dis
plays any of the disagreeable, eccentrici
ties of genius. The aged historian works
from 10 o'clock in the morning until 2
daily, and again from 9 o'clock in tha
evening until 1 a. m. His best work is
done at midnight.?Foreign Letter.
A Platinum Wire for Telescoped.
A platinum wire too fine to be seen
with the naked eyo is said to have been
made by Mr. H. t. Reid, of Brooklyn. It
is to be used in telescopes as a substitute
for the spider's web usually employed.
It is stated that there are 6,000,000
idttings in the churches of the Anglican
communion in England and Wales.
Good Koofs Xade of Faper.
A root pronounced superior to that of
slate because of its lightness and other
advantages is now made of any fibrous
pulp. From this material tiles of any
shape desired are formed by pressure
under machinery or by any other method
which may suggest itself. Pressed into
the design wished for the pulp tiles are
partially dried, previous to being sub
jected to a water-proof mixture. After
the baking the tiles are treated to a
mixture imparting an enameled surface;
to this is added a coating of sand, where-'
by the pulp is rendered proof against the
action of heat and flame. By the use of
different colored sands a variety of. tints
may be imparted to the tiles, which,
after the application of the' enameling
mixture and sands, are baked a second
time, after which they are ready for
Besides the inherent lightness of pulp
tiles, which obviates the necessity of a
hcayv frame to support a weighty roof,
tfc&p^pjtile, bein& t??gh and'not brittle
like'alBtie 'is Earless liable to'be broken
from blows, stones thrown upon them,
or'human /footstepei ' Again, slate tiles
can not be laid c?mpe??f 'together on a
'wot on'''account of their brittleness,
which prevent* ^cir-being drawn tightly
togetherbynails. 'Through the-fibrous
pulp nails may be driven as1 close home
as in shingles, thereby binding them
closely to:the bed and together -without
any possibility of lateral rh(jvemeht or
being blown away in a nigh wind, as
slat es loosely fastened oh roofs so fre
quent are. Nails penetrate the pulp tiles
more easily than shingles,-and lie closer
together, being more elastic than wood.
?Boston Journal of Commerce.
A Great Traffic in Fowls.
In Marseilles, at any rate, the peasants
endeavor to carry out the wishes of
Bang Henry IV., and to have a fowl in
the pot, if not every Sunday, anyway on
Christmas Day. In the two days before
Christmas 4.000 turkeys and 9,000 capons
were passed through the barriers of the
octroi of the town. Formerly this sup
ply came from Languedoc and Gascony;
but of late years it has been furnished
almost exclusively by Italy. The fowls
arrive in railway vans of the ordinary
size, but specially constructed for this
traffic. The sides are of lattice-work,
and internally the van i3 divided into
nine tiers or shelves. On ?ach tier there
are twelve cages, and each cage i3 calcu
lated to contain thirty birds.
In tliis way the prodigious number of
8,340 fowls is conveyed in a single
wagon. The cages .are providid with
tins for water on one side and for corn
on the other, and there is a door in each
through which any fowl that is injured
or sickly can be at once removed. The
birds are said not to suffer at all or to
deteriorate on their journey, though they
! come from Milan or even from Venice,
? and in many cases are sent through
direct as far as the Spanish frontier.?
St. James' Gazette.
Regulating tho Degree of Fatness.
Much fat is not the sign of health, but
of^tiasue^d^jeneracy. Big^'poriljr^ men, -
oTtwo hundred and odd pounds of bone
and tissue are not men for endurance or
for thorough work. The ancient
Spartans understood this thing. They
paid as much attention to the rearing of
men as our best stock-breeders of to-day
pay to the rearing of fine horses. They
took charge of the firmness and loose
ness of men's flesh, and regulated the
degree of fatness to which it was lawful,
in a free state, for any citizen to extend
his body. Those who dared to grow too
fat or too soft for military campaigning
in the service of Sparta were soundly
whipped, and if they would not, of their
own accord, reduced their flesh, they
were taken in hand by trainers, who,
with spur and lash, and corresponding
diet, soon bronght them to the required
Photos of Animals in Motion.
Mr. Muybridge, the photographer,
worked in the University grounds dur
ing the whole Of last summer and ob
tained pictures of a vast number of ani
mals and men in motion. Some of the
results achieved are very extraordin?r}-,
like the perfect image of a man in the
air jumping over a horse, which must
have been made in a hundreth part of a
second, and yet is so clear and sharp that
even his finger nails and the wrinkles of
skin on his fingers are perfectly distinct.
Mr. Muybridge is now at work selecting
the most instructive examples and re
producing upon single plates those pict
ures which, made separately, yet illus
trate the successive stages of a move
Silver Electro-Plate Upon Wood.
A novelty in silver is the discovery of
a process of electro-plating with silver
upon wood, and its adaptation to handles
of all kinds, including umbrellas, canes,
carving-knives, etc. The silver is thrown
upon the wood by a pn .testa which has
proved extremely difficult in practice.
The deposit of silver, of course, foUows
all the peculiarities of the wood, and the
ordinary handle is simply garnished in
most ineradicable silver. The special
advantage is in the variety of designs
that may be produced.?Scientific
The Coust&utlnople Orphan School.
The teaching of painting has been so
! successful in the Mussulman orphan
j school at Constantinople that the sultan
I has given a medal and a sum of $50 to
I each of the exhibitors. A few years ago
no representation of an object in nature
was countenanced: The change, it must
be observed, means the abolition of the
schools of arabesque in ornament and
writing, which has so long flourished.?
English Soldiery and French.
An Englishman does not loose force
from being out of spirits, and an Eng
brigade will go on when officers and
men are half crazy with disappointment
and annoyance; but a French army, to
do its best, must be a cheerful army.?
A southern critic likens a certain fit- j
?rary lady's sonnets to "the silvery tex- j
ture of a cobweb endowed with the
durability of a pearl."
EIGHTY THOUSAND SALESMEN.
Important Items Concerning Their Busi
ness?Home for the Disabled.
One of the leading dry goods salesmen
of the United States, tells me that there
are now about 80,000 traveling salesmen
on the road in this country, and that
their expense accounts alone will aver
age $1,500 a year each. This for expenses
alone means an outlay of ?120,000,000 a
year and if you will count in an average
salary of $1,000 a year each it will swell
the total to-$200,000,000 a year. This
immense sum is scattered all over the
United States. It keeps up the hotels,
and is one of the most important items
of railroad passenger receipts. The
character of the traveling salesman has
changed within a decade past. You
will find very few boys and fewer
drunkards upon the road. The competi
tion is so great and the expense so heavy
that firms have to send out their best
men, and salaries of ?3,000 and $5,000 a
year are by no means uncommon.
Said this salesman; "These traveling
men sell all Borts of goods. Some- of
them carry a half dozen heavy trunks,
?and others carry their samples in their
overcoat pockets. One man I know gets;
$8,000 a year for-selling the skins which
butchers put around sausages. He
dresses like, a Broadway swell and carries
his samples in a bag no larger than a
lady's shopping sacheL The best of such
skins are made in Europe, and butchers
buy of him everywhere. Then there is a
man I know who travels from Boston to
San Francisco and sells nothing bui one
grade of boot blacking. Some travelers
sell by pictures of the articles they have
to sell. Clothing forms the largest class
of drummers, and next come thoso who
sell boots and shoes. Then We have the
dry goods salesmen, the grocer, the hard
ware men, hats and caps, and others as
numerous as there are trades and fac
"Traveling men," thjs gentleman con
tinued, "are, as a rule, bright, generous
fellows. They spend freely, and many
of them, when they become old and
leave the road, find themselves poor. We
have now a project to take care of dis
abled traveling men. It is a traveling
men's home, to be endowed by traveling
men and to be devoted to their use. The
idea is that each one of the 80,000 travel
ers is to give $1 a year for the next three
years to such an institution. Thus will
make a total of $240,000, and from this
we will buy a farm in Kentucky, o: some
other good locality, and erect comfortable
buildings, with reading-rooms, pallors,
and chambers, so that the occupants can
have all the comforts of life during their
declining years. We will further endow
the home by a year or two more of con
tributions, and the institution will be
under the care of a competent board of
managers. This project is, I understand,
to be submitted to the next annual meet
ing of merchant travelers. It has many,
supporters among traveling salesmen,
and I will not be surprised if it is carried
out."?"Carp" in Cleveland Leader.
BvUKiftw^pt.'fiteflTj'i*' iftnnh _ ^
*"~A popular craze that is daily growing
is that of chewing gum, Men chew it
openly and above board as much as girls,
and the practice has gone so rapidly be
yond its old confines that the fame of
Vassar college as a shrine where taffy
tolu received its greatest share of wor
ship has long ag>9 died out. The popu
larity of the gum-chewing habit is due to
the fallacy that some health journal pro
mulgated awhile ago that as gum-chew
ing preserves the teeth and develops the
gums it should be encouraged.
The fact is that gum-chewing stimu
lates the salivary glands to a degree that
is draining and exhaustive, and when
the increased secretions of these glands
are swallowed it has an injurious .rfect
upon the stomach by increasing the di
gestion without a pabulum upon which
to act save the stomach itself. It, at the
same time, excites the glands of the
stomach, the liver, the pancreas?in fact
the entire glandular system connected
with ailmentation; it wastes the pro
ducts of these glands, or diverts
them from their proper use, and by
so doing injures the system. So you see
gum-chewing is not only a ridiculous
and a vulgar habit, but is hurtful to
health and should be stopped.?Dr. W.
G. Priest in Globe-Democrat.
Milking imitation Java Cofl"ec.
Coffee, like wine, becomes better as it
grows older. Age also improves its
appearance. The best old Java is bright
yellow?the effect of time upon a well
formed bean of a dirty-green color. But
all yellow, nice-looking coffee is not Java,
nor is its color proof of its merit. Cheap
Santos by a newly discovered method
may be converted to resemble the best of
Javas. A bean of coffee if put into
water will swell. This is the initial
means employed to produce imitation
coffee out of small, imperfect grains.
Once swollen the coffee retains its in
flated size. It is then bleached and dried,
and in a few days is made to resemble
coffee that comes to a rich, desirable hue
through great age.
But the imitation coffee does not de
ceive tho elect. Any dealer of experi
| ence can perceive the difference between
i the fraudulent and the genuine. The
imitation looks better and sells better to
the consumers, and fetches a better price
than it would had it not been doctored,
but close inspection will show the grains
to be of a withered appearance, lacking
in what may be called tone, and sadly
wanting, when they come to pot, in
Don't Bo Too Hard on Carlo.
A great deal is being said about hydro
phobia that would be better unsaid, and
the dog will be charged with the killing
much oftener than he should be. The
work of old rusty nails, whose wounds
have healed months ago, and the many
other producers of letouns will all be laid
at the kennel door of innocent "old dog
Tray." In all the United States, with its
52,000,000 of people, there have not been
in the entire year over thirty-five deaths
from hydrophobia, by the agency of 3,
000,000 dogs.?Inter Ocean.
Mirth is short-lived; cheerfulness
never tirea.?Century Bric-a-brac
How Woods oh Saved Old Allen's Lifo.
It was in tho far west Tho villago was a
county soat, and all political speeches wore
mado at tho court houso. The clans were
gathering early in tho evening, for it was to
bo a great night among tho politician.3. Tho
Republicans, Democrats and Groenbackors
wero holding a joint meeting to discuss
political issues. Governor Woodson was
running on the Domocrotic ticket for re
election, and John Stokes spoke for him
"Fellow-Citizens: I stand hero within
view of tho classic shades of Washington
and Jefferson to proclaim tho virtues of
When ho had finished a grandiloquent
speech with this beginning he was followed
by old man Allen, who spoke in a humorous
vein and in a squeaky tone of voice:
"Now, gentlemen, I am not any further
from the shades of Jefferson than Stokes is,
but I know more about Governor Woodson.
Now, to bo honoit o'd Woodson saved my
life once, but I don't thank him for it a bit
It happened in this way: I went a-huntin'
and took a fine English twist, double
barreled shotgun with me. It began to rain,
and I was afraid that gun would be ruined
by rust, so I crawled into ahollow gum log
with the gun. The log got wot and began
to n vroll, so I was wedged in. I couldn't got
out I began to think of death and eternity.
'Horror of horrors,' thought ? I;' to die In
this way hi shameful;1 but the grim monster
stared me in the face I began to think of
all the acts of my past life, of tho crimes of
bcytood days, the errors of after years. I
saw my poor old mother's face, and her
.dying words rang in my cars. I thought of
how I had wronged her by voting for old
Woodson, and I felt so mean that I shrank
up to the size of a moose and crawled out of
the log. That is true, gentlemen, and Fll
never vote for Woodson."?Chamberabarg
A Detroit Politician's Speech.
Bartley Campbell entered Berlin without
a word of German to bless himself or curse
tho cab drivers with, yet before two months
he made a speech to the Berliners from the
stage of the great theatre there, when the
"Galley Slave" proved such a success. It
isn't always safo to trust a person's self in an
unknown language A Detroit politician
who sought the suffrages of the Poles got
one who know tho language to write him a
speech, and this lie committed to memory.
He didn't understand a word of It, but un
fortunately the Poles did, in spite of his
"Villains end scoundrels," he began, bow
ing politely, under the Impression that he
was saying "Chairman and gentlemen."
"What aro you all standing gaping thoro
about?" (Sensation) "What tho old Nick
do you know about politics, anyhow?1'
(Murmurs of disapprobation) "1 don't
want the votes of such trash as vou-"
Here, to tho astonishment of tho now
speaker of Polish, there was a rush for
him, and he thinks to this day it was his ac
cent they didn't like.?Detroit Free Press.
Junior partner?Mr. Shortwelght, don't
you think wo had better put the price of cool
up? It is going to be very cold to-night,
and the people will look for an advance to
Senior partner?I see, my son, you aro not
'yet up to the flno points of the business.
Insert in to-morrow morning's paper an ad
vertisement of a reduction of 5 per cent
Junior partner?A reduction of 5 per
cent? Why, that is against all sound busi
ness principles. The greater the demand the
.Ihicher tho prlco. . ....
p* Senior partner?Not so fast young man.
Order the man to water the coal thoroughly;
that will add 18 por cent, to itu weight and
bulk when it freezes, and after tho reduction
of 5 per cent wo will still h avo 10 per cent
Crushing tho Old Beau.
"My darling, I shall love you as long as I
"That i3 not onough for ine. I want a
husband that will lovo mo a? long as I live."
Prepared to Knock 'Kin Out.
"Maria," said tho preachor, Saturday
afternoon, attor having road bis sermon
aloud to her, "what do you think of it?
Havo I not portrayed tho evils of Sunday
newspapers in a way that must ntfoct tho
"Indeed yon havo, John," was tho reply.
"I thought so," said tho preacher. "I foel
that in this sermon I have fully demon
strated tho iniquity of Sunday publications.
I trust thero will bo a large congregation to
morrow. By tho way, Maria, did you at
tend to mailing tho notice of my sermon and
its subject to all the nowspapcrs, so that it
will appear in tho morning?1
She said sho had attended to it?Chicago
Wo Approve Of It
The freaks of fashion In women's apparel
are indeed wonderful and startling to tho
masculine eyo, and It is only uo'.v and then
that any of them (tho freaks, not tho womon)
meet with approval from the man. There
is, however, a now feminine hat struggling
for recognition among tho fashionables that
every right-minded man will indorse. It is
built on the crush plan, like a gcntloman's
opera hut. tind no trimmings are allowed on
tue crown. If this headgear comes Into gen
eral use for evening wear it will be a great
boon to mankind, as the ladies will, of
course, collapio the thing after getting
seated at tho theatre or opera, and the
people hock of them can got their money's
worth of the cntertainmont Vive la crush
A .Suggestion in Heraldry
Emperor William has presonted Wolseley
with the decorution of tho red eagle. We
are not advised as to tho peculiar charac
teristics of that bird, but wo would suggest
that, if it is given for his conduct in tho
Egyptian campaign, it should bo accom
panied as a coat of arms by a camel re
troataut, on the sands of Egypt passant
with a well-armed Arab pursuant and
an indignant Briton regardant?Nashville
It Wu? Duly Kccclvod.
"Bobby," whispered young Fcatherly,
"did your sister Sndie got a note from mu
last uightf It was written on pink paper."
"I guess bhe must havo got ifcf" said Bob
by, '"cause when she came down to break
fast this morning her hair was done up in
pink curl-papers."?Harper's Basar.
Where Man Dwindles.
If a man wants to know how Insignificant
bo is, just let him go with hie wife to the
dressmaker s.?Newark Register.
AS THE SEASON IS NEAR AT
HAND FOR PUTTING IN
And wishing to make roore, we will make
it to the interests of all to eall and get
As we are determined not to cany over
any Fall Stock. We still lead in low
prices and are Headquarters for
GENT'S, YOUTH'S AND BOY'S
Our trade in
Zeigler's Fine Shoes
For Ladies was never better. Every pair
Wo carry the largest and best Stock of
In the market. All warranted.
C-EQ. I COBNEISON.
A HEODORE IVOHN'S
FASHIONABLE DRY GOODS
We are now closing out the balance of onr
Winter Stock of
at less than cost of raw material.
Now is the time to procure Great Bargains.
Everything selling off at unheard
of low prices. This is a
for all to
C. & E, L KerrisoiL
88 HASEL, STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Black a n?l Colored Wrcss filoodK?
LINENS. HOSIERY, etc &c,
IN LARGE VARIETY.
STAU Orders will receive prompt and
ST'Cash orders amounting to #10 or
over will be delivered in any county free of
charge. V? & E. s.. Iieri*it*oii4
aug201y Charleston. S. C.
' MORE LIGHT ~*
1 will now devote my entire at
With an experience of ten
years I am in a posltiou to
know what variety of Lamps
to keep on hand that will suit
any purpose and give entire
satisfaction. When in neeu
of a Burner that will give
yen a large brilliant light
call for "SOKENTilTJE'S
GUARANTEE". I give full
. directions how to use It and a
guarantee for a year with
Remember that "FAIL
DEALINGS, LOtt' PRICES
and REST QUALITY is my
Motto, and don't forget that
whatever you may need In the
way of or for a Lamp you.
will he sure to yet it at
Headquarters for Lamps.
U. H. MOS?. C. O. DAKTZUEK
^y,|( ?s DANTZLEH,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OHAMiEUl'nO, S. C.
J W. BOWMAN.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
OttAKGEECnO, S. C.