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80MB OF TMS CURIOUS CUSTOM! OF
Bow tfca Goddou of Spring Is Welcomed
to Slfltecnt Cauntrlat?The Imaginary
Moon That Regulates the Comlne of
Easter?The "Feast of Eggs."
Easter Sunday, or as it was formerly
called, the "Sunday of Joy," like many other
ceremonies which have come down to us from
earlier times, has been changed from its or
iginal, and to some extent pagan, character
to a religious observance, until now, more
especially limited to the Romish and Episco
pal churches, it is the festival of the resur
rection of Christ.
In olden timas there was a feast of the Teu
tonic goddess Ostara (in the Anglo-Saxon
Easter, whence naturally comes our Easter),
the goddess of spring, and the Anglo-Saxon
name for April was Easter month. The pa
gan worship of Ostera was strongly rooted in
Northern Germany, and was brought into
Bviglmiri by the Saxons; and too early mis
sionaries, finding it impossible to abolish it,
endeavored, as with some other ceremonies,
so far as was possible, to change it to a
Christian festival, and to give to the rites a
religious significance. This wss easily done
in this instance; for joy at the rising of the
sun, at the bursting of spring from the bonds
of winter, the resurrection of the natural
world, could quite easily be changed to joy at
the rising of the sun of righteousness, at the
resurrection of Christ, his triumph over
death and the grave, Easter has often been
called the Christian Passover, because the
Jewish Passover was celebrated, according to
the Mosaic law. on the 14th day of the
month of Abi, that is, within a day or two
before or after the vernal equinox.
Although the church has always been
united as to why Easter should be celebrated,
there has been a wide difference of or ? Jon
as to when it should be observed. This con
troversy grew out of a diversity of custom,
the Judaixing Christians keeping their pas
chal feast on the same day the Jews keep
their Passover?the 14th of Nisan?the He
brew month corresponding to our March or
April?whOe the churches of the west, in re
membrance that Christ arose on Sunday, had
their festival on the Sunday following the
day observed by the eastern church. This
discussion was kept up until the time of Con
_Stan tin*, who (A D. S25) brought the subject
? before the-Bcpmenlffwl council of Nice, from
which time to this Easter Sunday has been
everywhere on one and the same day?the first
Sunday after the full moon which happens on
or next after the 21st of March; and if the full
moon comes upon a Sunday, Easter day is
the Sunday after* This decision was in favor
of the western usage, that body holding that
the Sunday after the 14th of April was proper
for the commemoration of the resurrection of
Jesus Christ. The introduction of the Gre
gorian calendar made some changes neces
sary, and the ecclesiastical authorities at last
decided to regulate the time ot Easter by the
moon?not, however, the actual moon, nor
what is called by astronomers the "mean
moon," but an imaginary moon, whose move
ments are so arranged that it follows the real
moon by some two or three days.
Easter, which is now preceded by Lent, in
early days was introduced by fasting on one
day only?the Friday in Passion week, known
as Good Friday; by and by the time was ex
tended to forty hours, in token that Christ
had lain that long in the tomb, and from
this it was at lost prolonged to forty days?
the season of the temptation in the wilder
ness. The primitive Christians on the morn
ing of this day saluted each other with the
words, "Christ is arisen," to which the per
son addressed answered, "Christ is arisen, in
deed, and hath appeared to Simon," a custom
which is still letained in the Greek church.
"Indeed," nays an eminent foreign writer,
"all the ceremonies attending the observance
of Easter were at first exceedingly simple,
but in the early part of the Fourth century
a decided change w* 3 brought about Con
stantine, naturally vain and fond of
parade, signalized his love of dis
play by celebrating this festival with
extraordinary pomp. Vigils, or night
watches, were instituted for Easter eve, ot
which the peoplo remained in the churches
until midnight. The tapers, which it had
been before customary to burn at this time,
did not catisfy his majesty, but huge pillars
of wax were used instead; not only in tho
churches, but all over the city, were they
placed, that the brilliancy of the night should
far exceed the light of day. Easter Sunday
was noticed with most elaborate ceremonials,
the pope officiating at mass, with every im
posing accessory that could be devised."
During the interval between Easter and
Pentecost, a period of fifty days, the Chris
tians were not expected to pray kneeling,
for this attitude was considered as a token of
humility, but rather with outstretched arms,
and faces looking to heaven, at this season,
when only songs of joy and gratitude were
expected. Both Easter and Pentecost Sun
day were accounted fortunate days on which
to baptize children, and the interval lying
between these days as favorable for mar
Various ceremonies, spirits and supersti
tions havo in time- past characterized thi
^~vday, and still are many of tho old Easter
customs practiced in different parts of tho
wontfv That of making presents of colorod
eggs wits at one time almost universal, eggs
being considered symbolical of the revival of
nature, the springing forth of life.
?t?SS ogg&* SSSrV ?dOd^a?i?lfc not
j only faAts ertry Friday throughout the year,
but for a week together at Easter. The
church does not allow any flesh food; but
eggs may be eaten in any quantity. On the
first day of Passion week everybody present*
everyone else with some little gift emblemati
cal of an egg in some shape or other, which
is known as Paschal eggs (ceu/s des Paque).
Among a people so ingenious in triflo&as the
Parisians the opportunity is not lost, so that
egg-shaped articles are to be had in every
conceivable variety of materials. One would
think that the once imperial eagle of Franc?!
had summoned all the birds of the air to
come to Paris, build their nesta in shop win
dows, and there deposit their eggs, forgo
where you will, look into whatever shop you
fancy, there you see eggs from the 617? of a
caraway comfit, such as is found in the nest
of the humming bird, to one as large as a
bowl?the ostrich egg, for instance. The toy
shops are full of egg-shaped boxes; withia
them are dolls and playthings. Here you
have chocolate eggs, Ml of cream wheie
the yolk should be; there you have
sugar eggs filled with liquor, and again, ivory
eggs within which is a scent bottle. Passing
along the streets are women with barrows
crying aloud, "D?a teufs! des teufs.1" "Egg.?!
eggsT On their perambulating boards are
piled two lots of eggs, one white, natural; the
other red, cooked in logwood water. Thru
red eggs ready-boiled, are sold in every street
Some of the nests are beautiful works of
art. Here is a sloat or weasel stealthily
climbing up a tree to suck the eggs, with the
parent bird in battle array, ready to drive
the intruder away. Altogether in Paris,
Easter eggs are ono of its sights, and well
The rank of a princess does not shield h ;r
from a salute on the cheek by the lowest boor
who presents heran egg at Easter, in Russia:
and the custom of distributing pace, or padie
ege?the Passion or Easter egg?is still ob
served by the peasantry in different parts of
England; while the young people of Scot
land, where the festival has been suppressed
for centuries, still throw about and play with
hard-boiled colored eggs, which they finally
In the days when old and young alike )*e
ceived these eggs, the demand for them was
i such that they commanded oftentimes great
prices. After they were boiled hard, and
colored in red, violet, blue, green, etc, dyos,
inscript. ->ns and various designs were traced
on them, and those ornamented were ex
changed by those sentimentally inclined,
very much after the same fashion as are the
valentines of the present day. The plainer
ones were saved by the youth and used on
Easter Monday in playing ball, "which, by
the way, was a favorite game.
On Easter Monday even the clergy indulged
in the delights of this game of ball, which
men, women and children reveled in. In
many instances it formed a part of their ser
vice, bishops and deacons taking a ball to
church, and at the commencement of the
anthem, while dancing to the music, threw it
to the choristers, who handed it back and
forth to each other during the singing. Af ier
this service they all retired for rofreshmente,
which usually consisted of a dish of bacon
with tansy pudding?this last symbolical of
the bitter herbs they were commanded to take
at the Paschal feast
Though these old customs are often modi
fied and greatly changed, they all fcar
resemblance to those from which they
sprung. In certain parte of England die
absurd and senseless practioe of "lifting'' er
"heaving" is in vogue. This is performed by
two strong men or women joining hands
across each othert? wrists, forming a sort of
seat, in which the person to be lifted tits,
when ho is thrown up into the air two or
three times, being often, during this process,
carried several yards along the street On
Kaster Mondays the men "lift" the women,
and on Tuesdays the women return the com
pliment Very ludicrous incidents have been
related of travelers who, ignorant of the
prevalence of this custom, have been aston
ished to find themselves in the strong arms of
these people, and "heaved" hi spite of their
execrations and efforts for release.
In olden times the churches of Europe at
this season presented much the appearance of
theatres, mid crowds of people jostled each
other to see the sepulcbers which were erected
representing the whole scene of the Savior's
In those days the belief prevailed that the
Lord's second coming would be on Easter
eve, hence the 6epulchers were anxiously
watched through the night preceding Easter
Sunday, until 3 am, when two aged monks
would enter and take out a beautiful image
of the resurrection, which was held up be
fore the worshiping audience during the
chanting of the anthem,4 'Christus Rcsurgeus."
It was then carried to the high altar, where
a procession formed with lighted tapers, and
old men bearing a canopy of velvet over the
image; they proceeded around the exterior
of the church, all singing, rejoicing and
praying, until, coming again to the high
altar, their precious burden was placed there,
not to be removed until Ascension day.
Easter week is still the great season at
Rome. For Easter Sunday the greatest
preparations are made, and it is celebrated
with elaborate ceremonials. The day is
ushered hi by the firing of cannon, and rarly
in the morning carriages with their eager
freight of men and women, begin to roll to
ward St Peter's, which is richly decoiated
for the occasion, the altars freshly ornamented,
and the light* around the tomb of St Peter
all blazing. On this day the pope officiates at
mass, with every imposing accessor}- that
human invention can d '**e. From a hall in
the palace of the Vatican he is carried
into the church, borne on the shoulders of his
officers. On his head he wears a round,
gilded cap, representing a triple crown, signi
fying spiritual and temporal power, a union
of both. On all sides of him are carried large
fans of ostrich feather*', in which ore placed
the eye-like parts of peacock feathers, to rep
resent the vigilant eyes of the church. When
in the church he rests under a rich canopy of
silk. After mass, to the sound of music, he
is borne back to a balcony over the central
doorway, where, rising from his chair of
state, he pronounces a benediction, with in
dulgences and absolution.
The crowd of people who witness this most
imposing of ull the ceremonies at Rome at
this season is immense. Below the ba'cony
at which the pope appears to pronounce th<?
benediction is the densest crowd, who watch
with upturned faces the falling of the papers
containing copies of the prayers that havu
been uttered, which are thrown down by tho
pope und his assistants.
George Bancroft Griffith.
Orangeburg and Lewlcdale Katl itoad.
Editor Times- and Democrat:
Allow me space in your valuable
columns to say a few words in reference
to the proposed rail road from
Orangeburg to Lewiadale. While a
considerable number of our citizens
were absent from the last meeting,
they are none the less anxious for a
road, their absence was on account of
a misunderstanding. It seems that the
general impression was that the meet
ing would be a failure, as such meet
ings had often fa<'"din the past, among
It seems that the whole community
is thoroughly interested in the move.
We feel that a good road is a long felt
want. Messrs. Riley and Redmond
voiced the sentiments of this commu
nity in the last meeting, they them
selves are anxious to have the road
through our section and will have the
co-operation of this entire section of
country, which we ? venture to say,
without fear of contnuiictions, is one
the most desirable and well adapted
portions of the county in which to buiid
a rail road; it offers the best roadbed
we know of any where, indeed the
whole route from Orangeburg to Lew
iedale would be found almost entirely
free from hills and swamps with an
abundant supply of pine, oak, hickory
and ash, with other varieties of timber
as well as an extremely fine cotton
section. While we offer these advan
tages over any other route to the points
mentioned we would say to the business
men of Orangeburg that it is decidedly
to their advantange to develop this
portion of country. They have, already,
almost the entire trade of the Fork and
Bull Swamp sections, while the trade
from the borders of Bull Swamp to the
Congaree g-oes to Columbia, thereby
cutting their business; with a rail road
the tide of this trade would soon turn
and flow back to Orangeburg.
The road can be put through on the
ridge between Bull Swamp and Beaver
Creek at a much less cost than to go
through any other community known
to us. If it passes between Bull Swamp
and the Edisto or beyond it will be of
but little consequence to our section;
while if it runs through this section,
that is, between Bull Swamp and Bea
ver Creek it will be of material benefit
to the people of the Bull Swamp section.
Now this seems a little strange to some
of your 'readers, but I venture to say
the* assertion can be substantiated,
should any one feel doubtful on that
portion of the assertions of this article.
We feel that the road is a necessity and
will take an active part in its construc
tion, should we be favored in the com
ing survey, in which, when we receive
a just consideration, weare confident of
having the road laid out in our midst.
Fearing that this may be too long an
article for your patience, I come to a
close without having attached half the
importance to this matter which we
feel due the subject under considera
"We ask the earnest consideration of
the corporators with the many others
concerned, when the road is surveyed.
We again remind them of the almost
natural road bed, timber, cotton and
other products of our country. We
feel it a long felt want, we desire it,
and if our co-operation will supply the
want, we will have it P. T. H.
. .CentraHill?.C~. .. __,-n
Cure for Piles.
Piles are frequently preceeded by a
sense of weight in the back, loins and
lower part of the abdomen, causing the
patient to suppose he has some affec
tion of the kidneys or neighboring or
gans. At times, symptoms of indiges
tion are present, flatulency, uneasiness
of the stomach, etc. A moisture like
perspiration, producing n very dis
agreeable itching, alter getting warm,
isacomr n attendant. Blind, Bleed
ing and Itching Piles yield at once to
the application of Dr. Bosanko s Pile
Remedy, which acts directly upon the
parts affected, absorbing the Tumors,
allaying the intense itching, and effect
ing a permanent cure. Price 50 ^ents.
Address the Dr. Bosanko Medicine Co.,
Piqua, 0.' Sold by Dr. J. G. Wanna
What Can be Done
?y trying again and keeping up courage
many things semingly impossible may
be attained. Hundreds of hopeless
cases of Kidney and Liver Complaint
have been cured by Electric Bitters,
after everything else had been tried in
vain. So, don't think there is no cure
for you. but try Electric Bitters. There
is nb medicine so safe, so pure, and so
perfect a Blood Purifier. Electric Bit
ters will cure Dyspepsia, Diabetes and
all Diseases of the Kidneys. Invalua
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and overcomes all Urinary Difficulties.
Large Bottles only 50 cts. at Dr. J. G.
Excitement in Texus.
Great excitement has been caused in the
vicinity of Paris, Tex., by the remarka
ble recovery of Mr. J. E. Corley, who
was so helpless he could not turn in bed.
or raise his head; everybody said he was
dying of Consumption. A trial bottle
of Dr. King's New Discovery was sent
him. Finding relief, he bought a large
bottle and a box of Dr. King's New Life
Pills; by the time he had taken two
boxes of Fills aud two bottles of the
Discovery, he was well and had gained
in flesh thirty-six pounds. Trial Bottles
of this Great Discovery for Consump
tion free at Dr. J. G. Waunumaker.
Duckten'? Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for Cuts,
Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum,
Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands,
Chilblains, Corns, and Skin Eruptions,
and positively cures Piles, or no pay
required. It is guaranteed to give perfect
satisfaction, or money refunded. Price
25 eerits per box. For sale by Dr. J.
JuHt What they nil Say,
Hon. D. D. Ilaynie of Salem, Ills.,
says he uses Dr. BosankoV Cough and
Lung Syrup in his family with the
most satisfactory results, in all cases of
Coughs, ('olds and Croup, and recom
mends it in particular for the little
ones. Sample bottle free at Dr. J. G.
Use Dr. Gunn's Liver Pills for Sal
low Complexion, Pimples on the Face,
Billiousiu'ss. Never sickens or gripes.
Only one for a dose. Samples free at
Dr. .1. G. Wannamaker.
Tin-: screens have I?een removed from I
the front of the bar-rooms in Sunder.
The County Commissioners, backed by
the Grand Jury, were the moving
THIS POWDER NEVER VARIES.
X A marvel of purity, strength and whole
someness. More economical than the ordin
narytinds, and cannot he sold in competi
tion with the multitude of low test, snort
weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold
only in cans. ? ,
Royal Baking Powdek Co.,
106 Wall St., N. Y.
A Heulthy Growth.
SUCCESSFUL CAREER OF
X the Mutual Reserve Fund Life Asso
ciation is marvellous in the annals of life
insurance enterprise. Its name has be
come a tower of strength, and has been
well earned by the untiring devotion of
President Harper and his associates. Its
astonishing prosperity has provoked attacks
which are best repelled by a frank aud full
exhibit of its greatly increasing line of
business. Up to July 1,1885, this f- hows a
gain of no less than ?13 214,580 over that
of the corrcsponping period last year.
la June alone" its mortuary receipts ex
ceeded ?250,000, of which over 860,000 went
into the Reserve Fund?that triple buttress
upon which the association justly prides
itself. This reserve now amounts to ?425,
000, and is employed for three purposes
only?to pay death claims, if any should
occur in excess of the American Fppericnce
Mortality Tables; to make good any poss
ible deficiency in the Death Fund Account,
and to be apportioned among those who I
have been members of the Association fif
teen years, etc. As the first and second f
contingencies named are not likely to arise,
the third object is the one upon which the
fund is practically expended. It is full of
other good points, among which may be
mentioned the economical salary list?less
than ?50,000 for carrying on the whole work
of the vast institution?and payments to
widews and orphans at the rate of over
j ?2,000 cash cash day.?From the old and
I conservative New 1 ork Daily Journal of
Coiiunerce, July 10.1885.
With the Annual Report of the above
Company is attached a large number of
Death claims paid from February 1882 to
February 1st 1886, representing all parts of
the Union, ainountiugto?l,685,200.00from,
this list we take claims in South Carolina
wliich have been paid:
Valentine R. Jordan, West Wateree. ?3,-1
Jcj^g, Smalh-Gvitbapis. 51,250.
Henry L. Krause, Port Royal, ?1,250.
J. E.Todd, Due West ?2,500.
Wm. H. Whilden. Jacksonboro', ?5,000.
E. Parker, Abbeville, ?5,000.
A. S.>Barns, Walterboro', ?2,500.
Eui'I Nehemias, Beaufort, ?1,500.
J. S. ALBERGOTTI, Agent.
Forty Years a Sufferer From
1 WONDERFUL TO RELATE!
"FOR FORTY YEARS I have been a
victim to CATARRH?three-fourths of the
time a sufferer from EXCRUCIATING
PAINS ACROSS MY FOREHEAD ami
MY NOSTRILS. The discharges were so
offensive that 1 hesitate to mention it, ex
cept for the good it may do some other
sufferer. 1 have spent a young fortune
from my earnings during my forty years of
I suffering to obtain relief from the doctois
I have tiled patent medicines?every one 1
could learn of?from the four corners of the
earth, with no relief. And AT LAST (57
years of age) have met with a remedy that
has cured me entirely?made me a r?w
man. I weighed 128 pounds and now
weigh 146. I used thirteen bottles of the
I medicine, and the only regret 1 have is that
br'ng iii the humble walks of life I may
no. iiave influence to prevail 011 all catarrh
sufferers to use what has cuied me
Guinn's Pioneer Blood Reuewer.
"No. 267 Second St., Macon, 6a."
"Mr. Henry Chevcs, the writer of the
abovo formely of Crawford county, now of
Macon, Georgia, merits the confidence of
all interested in catarrh. W. A. HUFF,
Ex-Mayor of Macon.
FLESH PRODUCER AND TONIC!
Gninn's Pioneer Blood Reuewer.
Cures all Blood and Skin Diseases, Reuina
tism, Scofula, Old Sores. A perfect Spring
If not in your market it will be forward
ed on receipt of price. Small bottles ?1.00
Essay on Blood and Skin Diseases mailed
MACON MEDICINE COMPANY,
B. H. MOSS. C. G. DANTZLEIt
lyjOSS & DANTZLER, '
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
' ORAXGEBUHG, S. C.
J W. BOWMAN.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
_Obaxgebuhg, S. C._
X Roads Bellville and State Road.
TT A VING BOUGHT THE RIGHT
XX to sell the AMMON'S PATENT
PLOW GUAGE AND GUIDE in Orange
burg County 1 am prepared to furnish them
and solicit the patronage of all the farmers
in the county. M. M. METTS,
April 15-3MO ?t. Matthews, S. C.
FASHIONABLE DRY GOODS
We are now closing out the balance of our
Winter Stock of
at less than cost of raw material.
Now is the time to procure Great Bargains.
Everything selling off at unheafu*
of low prices. This is a
for all to
JOHN C. PIKE,
ORANGEBURG, S C
Willo j Ware,
Call and examine my Goods before
purchasing. They are first class anc1
my prices are as low as the lowest.
JOHN C: PIKE._
ATTENTION TUEPEIITETE FAEHEESb
JSe~w Departure In A'aval More**!
W. J. Keenan
HAS ESTA1JL1SHED AN OFFICE AT
COLUMBIA, S. C,
For tho purchase of Rosin and Spirit*
Turpentine. Shipments to be made to
Charleston and Bills Lading to Colum
bia. Produce sold for half Commissions
and cash returns on dato of arrival at
Charleston regardless of state of tlie mar
ket. I receive 80 per cent of the product
of Richlaud and Lexington Counties and
refer to any large producer in these coun
tses or any Bank in Columbia. Address.
W. J. KEENAN,
P. 0. Box 42. COLUMBIA, S. C.
1 (; 0013 CYPRESS
.lw?wWW Shingles to be used for
covering a Church. Shingles to be inches
thick by 4 or i} j inches wide by L' t inches
long, to be delivered at Fort Motte, S. (J.
Bids will be received until the 15th day < f
March, 1886. Address S. A. JONES, SI.
Matthews, S. C.
TALBOTT Si 8Qf?
and Columbia. 8. C>
AND WHEAT MILLS.
ACME COTTON PRESS,
LUMMUS COMBINATION GIN,
With adjustable seed board, Beater and
stationary brush improvement , that make
it the best on the market.
We offer to the public the very highest
grade of Machinery.
V. C. BADHAM, MANAGER.
BRANCH HOUSE, COLUMBIA, S. C.
1886 Sfi and 8? 1886
We are now prepared to show our Ssock ot
Spring and Summer
WHITE AND FIGURED LAWNS,
ALSO LACES, EMBROIDERIES AND
We are offering a Bargain in Ladies
Genuine Canton Cape May llat&at 23 cents.
LADIES LINEN COLLARS.
Our STOCK OF SHOES is as complete
as ever, comprising full lines in best makes.
Our stock of Clothing we are selling off
at very low figures to close out.
Prices in all departments low down. A
call solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Branson & Dibble,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
Corner Russell and Market Streets.
PIA.?OS AM> ORGANS.
I WANT EVERYBODY TO KNOW
that I represent seven leading PLVNO
AND ORGAN FACTORIES and will sell
at Manufacturer's LOWEST CASH OR
1 am prepared to give special induce
ments to long time purchasers.
Any Instrument sent on fifteen days
I will positively save every purchaser
from ?10 to?30. 1). N. MARCHAKT,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
At G. II. Cornclson's store.
"~M?NEY TO LOAN
In Sums of ?500 to ?6,000. Interest 10 per
cent per annum.
For further information, apply to
JOHN B. PALMER & SON.
COLUMBIA. S. C.
or COL. MORTIMER GLOVER,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
March is-i mo.
ICe Cream Saloon
WHERE CAN BE FOUND. ICK
T T CREAM, CAKE, TIES, FRUIT and
NUTS of every description.
ST PICNICS and PARTIES furnish
ed on short notice.
I"-??'" A call Solicited by
MBS. LUGTET. L. WANNA MAKER
Jumbo Watermelon Si-?*?!.
? CAN FURNISH A LIMITED
i number of pounds of the above Seed a!
lie following prices: For 10 pounds 75
?cuts per pound. Less then 10pounds31.00.
rpountld. JEHU G. I'OSTELL.