Newspaper Page Text
A.C?MERA WITHOUT LEGS.
Photographing a Swaying Ship lu Mld
Ocean?Use in Art Work?Triumph.
. One day last Stimmer the passengers on
an ocean steamer that snorted its way
through the restless Atlantic watched
with curious interest the movements of
two men in the lower rigging of the ship.
One of the men was a brawny seaman,
the other was a slender young man, slung
from whose shoulders was a small, black
box. The seaman grasped }1js compan
ion in such a way that he was in no dan
ger of going overboard. The young man
held fast to the black box BO that a circu
lar aperture in one end of it faced the
bow of the ship and the group of passen
gers on the forward deck. Then with his
right hand forefinger he pressed a con
cealed button on the foot of the box,
and a sharp click told that the black rub
ber window of the aperture had opened
for the 120th part of a second. When the
two men descended to the deck the pas
sengers learned that the ship liad been
photographed. The black box was a de
tective camera. The young man was its
When one thinks of this episode on
ship- board, this photographing of a
swaying ship in mid-ocean, it is difficult
to realize that photography is so young
an art. It is not so many years since the
action of light on nitrate of silver was
discovered. The present century was
well advanced when the Frenchman,
Daguerre, succeeded in his experiments,
and a number of years elapsed before the
"Daguerreotypes" gained recognition. So
far as the products go everybody is per
fectly familiar with photographic prog
ress. The present era has seen some ex
traordinary advances. To begin with,
it b&'i witnessed the recognition of the
negaiive as a useful adjunct to legiti
mate art. At one time artists not only
sneered but scowled at the professions of
the photographer. Nowadays, loth
though he may often be to acknowledge j
the debt, the successful artist owes
much to the camera.
So thoughtful a student of the human
figure as Mr. Thomas Eakius of Phila
delphia has found it to his advantage to
become proficient in photography, which
has long been associated with the art
?work at the Philadelphia academy. Mr.
Eakins has conducted within the past
few months an important series of ex
periments with rapids plates and a re
volving disk, with a view to aiding both
science and art to a knowledge of the
sacrets of animal locomotion, with re
gard to which both science and art have,
angularly enough, been until recently
but very imperfectly informed. The
peculiarity of Eakins' method has been
the taking of a series of impressions on a
sing:e plate. The special advantage of
the plan has been the preservation of
accurate views of objects in motion
while the point of sight is not changed.
So little has been cared for pictorial
effect tliat many of the experiments have
been conducted in such a manner as sim
ply to secure a series of impressions, with
accurately recorded time, of glittering
"Christinas tree" balls, fastened to the
joints of animals in rapid motion, or
stuck with wax up and down the backe
of human models, to show the move
ment of the spine and pelvis in walking.
Aside from these purely arlistic and
scientific relations of photography it has
phases which appeal more directly to
popular interest. The Instantaneous pro
cess, developed since the invention of
the "dry plate" method, has been the
Bource of much novelty and delight. A
now interest has been added to reproduc
tions of nature. Maud S., at the top of
her speed, appears in the silver print
with every swelling muscle, every subtle
grace of outline as clearly cut as if she
had posed steadily for four seconds, as
Daniel Webster did (with his hat on) for a
notable daguerreotype. A public pageant
now goes down to history in the impar
tial lines of an instantaneous photograph.
The president, making his inaugural
speech, is caught in the midst of a ges
Once rapid plates were accomplished
the regulation camera began to seem
clumsy. Portable as they are now
made, they can not be placed in position
with sufficient rapidity to catch an ob
ject in motion unless the operator is pre
pared. What was wanted was a cam
era without legs. When a rumor came
over the Atlantic that some one abroad
was experimenting with this idea, Yan
kee genius went to work. The ground
glass focusing difficulty had to be put
out of the way. Many other problems
had to be solved. Several energetic Amer
ican photographers and men of mechan
ical talents have been named as the in
ventor of the instrument which repre
sented the conquered problem.?Alex
ander Black in Philadelphia Call.
Many Masses of Meteoric Iron.
The meteorites that fall upon the earth
are composed chiefly of iron. Signor
Bombicci suggests an explanation of
this. The earth is a big magnet, as
shewn by the proceedings of a bar of
steel freely suspended mid accurately
balanced on its center. Bombicci's idea
is that this big terrestrial magnet, when
rushing through space containing meteo
ric particles, exerts a selective attrac
tion for those which are ferruginous.
The fact that so many masses of mete
oric iron have been found in the arctic
regions, so far as it goes, supports tins
About the Trafalgar-Squnre Mob.
The great Russian painter Veretcha
guine happened to be in London during
the recent riots, and is going to paint a
large picture of the Trafalgar-square
mob. He says that he "never saw so
many 'human beings who looked so
famished, degraded, ill-clad and hide
ously miserable. Language is impotent
to express the effect produced upon rao
by the sight of a multitude so brutalized
by misery."?Boston Budget.
One of Mr. Kvarts' Sentences.
Mr. Evarts' long sentences are pro
verbial. In the first twenty sentences of
Ids speech on the presidential succession
bill the longest contained 148 words,
and the average length was eeventy-foui
Queer Facts of Natural History.
It may prove interesting as a matter of
record to preserve the following eaftra
ordinary facts. It is thought there is no
record of the mercury passing so low as
80 degrees Fahrenheit on the Florida
reef. Our friend, Mr. Ralph W. Monroe,
of Gifford's station, Staten island, who
spends the winters at Miami, near Cape
Florida, the extreme southern point of
Florida, writes as follows; "We have
had the most boisterous cold weather so
far that I have ever had here. Both
here and at Long key there was frost
enough to kill young cocoanut trees and
many of the vegetables, although it came
in spots only. It n^w looks .as if some
one had gone around with a torch, and,
selecting certain trees and shrub3 here
and there, fired them. Ice formed in
shallow vessels about a quarter of an
inch in thickness, much to the surprise
of the natives, who haA never seeu such
a thing l>efore. I inclose a photograph
of some fishes I picked up at Long key
on the cold morning."
There were large numbers of dead
fishes on the beaches, as reported else
where; the photograph taken by Mr.
Monroe shows twenty^scen . distinct
species. They are tastefully arranged
within a border of pea-feathers and other
soft corals. A young hawk's-bill turtle
and a smrll shark are, introduced, and
introduced, and' numerous i^a-lirchins,
starfishes, etc., are interspersed to form
a very interesting picturo ? all the
products of one gathering on the beach
after the "cold snap." There are several
species of the gorgeously colored angel
fishes; a surgeon-fish, that has such an
artificial-looking lancet on each side of
its tail; cow-fishes, file-fishes, grunts,
i bill-fish, murray eel, trunk-fishes?all
familiar kinds to the sojourners in the
tropical waters, where their briUiant
colors give additional attractiveness to
the coral-growing lagoons, but wholly
unfamiliar to others, as they are not
represented in colder waters. The un
friendly chill of the too-far-advanced
cold wave brought myriads to the surface
to die.?Cor. New York Evaning Post.
Koumyrti uu a Fashionable Drink.
Koumis, or Koumyss, as the Russians
write it, is the latest fashionable drink,
and has just made its appearance in St.
Louis. It got its first boom after Gar
field's assassination, for you will remem
ber it was almost the 6ole food used tow
ard the end to sustain the suiferer'? life.
Doctors took to it right away and soon
were using it freely in prescriptions
where it was-necessary to treat a weak
condition of the stomach. Now it is sold
in saloons and drug stores in New York
city, where it is the favorite beverage of
those who are not given to intoxicants.
It is also largely sold in Chicago, and I
have a number of customers here who
come for it daily. Ladies take to it and
seem very fond of it. Its effect is exhil
arating, but it is really a strengthening
beverage aud tones the stomach better
than anything else I know of. Koumyss
is also known as mare's milk, and the
genuine article should be prepared from
this source, though some make it out of
cow's milk, glucose, yeast and other in
gredients. The process is this: The
mare's milk is bottled, turned upside i
down, and left three days to ferment.
On the third day it is ready to drink, and
it must be drunk on that day, as it spoils
on the fourth. It tastes a little bit like
buttermilk, but is more pungent and
makes you smack your lips after taking.
I had about twenty ladies in here after
the matineo to-day drinking it, and it
was almost as pretty and heart-piercing
as a Patti song to hear them smack their
lips and see them wipe the white foam
from the tips of their noses.?J. A. For
now in Globe-Democrat.
Discontented Subject* In the Dominion.
The British subjects north of the lakes
and the St. Lawrence are not satisfied
with the present or the prospect for the
future. The feeling between the Eng
lish and French Canadians becomes more
bitter as time passes by. Taxation is
very heavy, and yet the finances of the
Dominion are in a very discouraging
state. The deficit last yc<ar was over
12,000,000, and it wiB be even greater
this year. Although the population is
1,000,000 greater than in 1867, the year
of the confederation, the deot has grown
from $93,000,000 to $292,000,000, while
the taxation has more than doubled.
Since the civil war the United States has
reduced its debt from $30 to $28 per
head; the Canadian debt during the same
time has increased from $80 to $70 per
head. The Dominion has a large foreign
emigration, but the United States soon
proves more attractive to the new
arrivals than does British America.
Then the native emigration from
Canada to the United States is getting
larger every year. In nome of the
manufacturing towns of New England
the working men are mainly from, the
north of the St. Lawrence.?Demorest's
A New and Cruel Fr.nhlon.
The *hew fashion of pidnted horses
comes from the east, and I see it has
been already adopted here. A painted
horse is a horse whose legs and chest
have been clipped close no as to fudly
reveal the mouse color of the skin, but
whose body remains untouched by the
shears. The effect in the contrasting
colors of the limbs and body Is to leave
the impression that either the legs or
body of the horse have been painted. I
do not 6ee anything beautifying in the
process, but it is cruel to a degree that
should demand the attention of the
Humane society, as the clipping exposes
the vital parts of the animal, and colds
are easily contracted. The Humane
society should get after (he owners of
private horses thatare "paiated.".?Jesse
Arnot in Globe-Democrat.
Human Footprints In tfie Lava.
Layers of stone containing some of the
supposed human footprints lately found
ne".r Lake Managva, in Nicaragua, have
been sent to the Vienna natural history
museum. The stone is a volcanic tufa,
and the impressions are extremely sharp
and distinct, and if genuine footprints,
prove the existence of man in Central
America at a very- remote period.?Bon*
THE SUMMER TIME OF 1665.
When the pht^o^BreathedUpoR the
People of London-^Terrible localities.
When; the terrible vpe*tflence first
breathed upon the people,' "there passed
one night over-the city a- comet "of a
faint, dull, languid color, and its motion
very solemn and slow." !What may be
thus described has been seen since, but
in an age of "fortune-tellers, cunning
men, and astrologers," this event gave
birth to many strange stories ?mu pre
dictions, to dreams arid interpretations of
dreams, and to a great dread amongst
the simple and ignorant, " and even the
educated people. In this hour of terror
the turn of. these money-makers Jiad
confegrave men in velvet jackets,.bands,
and black cloaks frequented- the Btxets;
theirliouBeaj'wer?. hung with signs and
inscnpBons?'- ''Here lives a fortune-tel
ler; here lives an* astrologer? Here you
may have your natfvi-y'efdculated," and
so on.- And f rom the doorways, here and
there," one saw the sign of "Friar Bacon's
BrazenBead," or-that of "Mother Ship
ton," or the "Merlin's Head."' To the
proprietors of these newly-hung signs
terrified people flocked in great numbers.
The streets, with their shops and man
sions side by side, which a few weeks
before had been gay, with throngs of
effeminate courtiers and dandies, old
soldiers, wealthy citizens, and whistling
apprentices, were now thronged with
wagons, carts and coaches, loaded with
women and children, with tents and bed
ding; and numberless men upon horse
back clattered over the stones, some with
and 6ome without servants, carrying bag
gage, all hurrying away from the doomed
city. Morning, noon, and night, the
lord mayor's door was besieged with peo
ple, eager for passes and certificates of
health; and morning, noon, and night,
the city rapidly emptied itself.
The gates were closed in vain, the
walls had withstood armies, but death
crept through them, over them, under
them, stalked in the streets, stared
through cottage and palace window
alike, and before it pale people fled. Add
ing horror to all this confusion, there
ran through the streets distracted creafr
ures proclaiming the destruction of the
city, and one was reported to have run
almost naked, "with a voice and counte
nance full of horror," repeating continu
ally. "Oh! the great and the dreadful
God!" We are told that at the coming
of the terrible realities of the visitation,
sectarian distinctions sickened and died
away. Denominations were reconciled,
"the people flocked without distinction to
hear the preachers, not much inquiring
who or what opinion they were of. But
after the sickness was over that spirit of
So commenced the plague, while all
who coidd afford to fly had fled before it,
which after all was very few compared
with those who remained. Quickly peo
ple died in such* numbers that they could
no more toll the bells or even bury the
dead in coffins. Like a fire, the distem
per raged most fiercely in lines, one
house conveyed it to the next, leaving
ruin and desolation behind, and $cyaur
ing street after street till the whole town
was wrapt in the burning of its dread-'
ful flame. About June, the lord mayor, j
Sir John Lawrence, and Iiis aldermen
prepared, and on the first of July pub
lished, compulsory "orders" for the
ninetv-two parishes within the city
By these regulations all infected
houses were to be shut up and guarded
by specially appointed "watchmen," one
by day and one by night. No one was
suffered to leave these houses, and it
was thereby hoped that tho plague might
be stayed, "if it should so please God."
The noble conduct of the lord mayor
and his officers strangely contrasted with
that of the king and his court, who all
fled away at the beginning and left
things to look after themselves. During
September the plague xeached its height;
there died as many as 1,000 a day, and
the bills of mortality for the months of
August and September registered 59,870,
from all diseases. Including two days
which the bills are 6hort of the two
months, there died of the plague alone
the terrible sum of 50,000 people.
Yet was it impossible that these ac
counts should register the true tale of
death; hundreds whose names were not
known perished in the river, voluntarily
quenching their burning agonies in'its
waters. According to the city records,
the distemper destroyed 08,590 persons in
all; but this figure, prodigious" though it
is, for the reasons assigned above is prob
ably far below the actual number.?
Robert Woburn in Sunday Magazine.
Management of a Japanese Stage.
We were intensely interested in the
play, though we could not understand
one word of it. It was a combination of
high tragedy, comedy, burlesque, panto
mime, society play, spectacle, ahdjimelo
drama. All the standard characteristics
of each style of performance were con
spicuously present. The interest never
lagged, and the changes were as rapid
and varied as those of a kaleidoscope.
There was no little effort at scenic dis
play. The stage revolved in two parts,
an inner and an outer circle. While one
scene was going on in front the next was
prepared behind it on the central turn
table and revolved into place in proper
time; when the dead bodies of those
killed in the previous scene were whirled
off by the outer circle. Wings and bor
ders were used very similar to ours, but
the main part of the machinery was
built up on the central revolving stage.
What is Steele Mackaye's "double stage"
compared to this??Japan Cor. Inter
Best Decorated Men In Prussia.
The best decorated man in Prussia is
the crown prince of Germany, who has
seventy-two orders and decorations to
plant on his breast, which make him
look as if he wore a breastplate. Count
Puckler, the marshal of the place, comes
next with fifty-one; Bismarck follows
with a modest forty-eight.?Inter Ocean.
To appreciate the good qualities of our
friends is one thing; to bear patiently
with their defects is another.?Philadel
NEWLY FITTED UP
OPPOSITE THE TENT.
We do not propose to underseL
everyone else, but we are ready to
meet fair competition. Our Stock is
now complete: give us a call
Mr. I. S. CUMMINGS is with us,
and will be glad to see his old friends
We sell the. ROYAL ?ST. JOHN
Machinesofall makes repaired.
Large Wogoa Yard in rear ofj
VOSE & SALLEY.
\IY NEW SPRING CLOTHING
j-'J has arrived and been placed on the
I counters aiul ready for a critical inspection.
New poods opened in everv department for I
the SPRING TRADE: this large assort
ment of SPRING CLOTHING for Men,
Youths and Bo\s are. selected from the
largest and most"reliable Manufacturers in
This 'stock is unusually attractive in
STYLES and PATTERNS, the ONE and
THREE BUTTON CUTAWAYS are of
imported CORKSCREWS, WHIPCORD
and CHEVIOTS, made and trimmed equal
to any custom made garment, also will fit
and cling to the figure and hold their shape.
Sec my line of the PATENT SQUARE
SHOULDER garments in SACK and CUT
AWAY SUITS. I am the sole agent
of these goods, and those who have worn
them can testify to their superiority over
all other garments in fit, wear and holding
their shape. Every department, GENT'S
FURNISHING GOODS, HATS, SHOES,
and BOY'S, are full of choice novelties for
the SPRING AND SUMMER SEASON.
Call early and make your selection.
.11. \?. ri.\ aici>,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Twenty-five Years Experience.
Watch Maker and Jeaveler,
And dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry
Spectacles, Silver and Plated Ware and
Musical Instruments. All work warranted
for one year. Orangeburg. . C
INSURE YOUR PROPERTY
KIRK ROBINSON, AGENT.
COMPANIES ALL FIST-CLASS .AND
LOSSES PROMPTLY ADJUSTED AND
COLLECTIONS PROMPTLY ATTEND
I am still selling Brick, Lime, Laths,
Hair and other Building Material.
1 am now prepared to furnish Coal and
Wood in any quantity. All orders left
with me shall have prompt attention. No
dravage charged. Give me a trial.
July IKJ- KIRK ROBINSON
OSE TEN HORSE POWER EN
gine and Boiler complete. Also one
Circular Saw Mill. The above can be
bought on very reasonable terms.
Feb 25 " HARBIN RIGGS.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
HIGH.GRADE FERTILIZERS! HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS!C
SOLUBLE OUANO (highly ammoniated.)
GERMAN KAN IT.
HIGH GRADE RICE FERTILIZE K,
A BLIZZARD. A BLIZZARD,
ANOTHER BLIZZARD IS COMING. BUT IT'WILL BE A COLD DAY
when PRESCOTT fails to sell you CHOICE GROCERIES, CROCKERY, GLASS
and TINWARE cheaper than any other house in the city.
I have also just received a choice Stock of
FRESH GARDEN SEED, SEED POTATOES, &c.
FRESH AND CHOICE GROCERIES
Received Even' Week at the Cheap Cash Store.
CHARLES W. PRESCOTT, Proprietor,
HTI am prepared to manufacture TOMBSTONES, <kc, at shortest notice and in the
lnost art istte style. ?? f Sjjj "8"3m j
James Van Tassel.
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES;
Wines, Liquors and Segars.
AT MY ESTABLISHMENT CAN BE FOUND ALL THE STANDARD
articles of GROCERIES at Rock Bottom Prices, as well as purest and best
WINES, LIQUORS. &c, sold anywhere. Also the choicest SEGARS AND TOBA CCO"
to he found in the market.
win:> looking aroi;.?i> give: he a call.
JAMES VAN: TASSEL.
OLD YELVET RYE
EIGHT YEARS OLD.
Guaranteed Pnre anfl ? WMesome for Mefliclnal or Otter Uses.
FOR SALE ONLY BY
W. T. LIGHTFOOT.
G. & ?. L, Kerrison,
88 hasel street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Black und Colored Drew* ?ioods,
LINENS, HOSIERY, &c, &c .
IN LARGE VARIETY.
STAU Orders will receive prompt and
S^Casli orders amounting to $10 or
over will be delivered in any county free of
charge. C. ?fc e. l. KcrrlMon,
nug2C-ly Charleston. S. C.
HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS
Ho Unr.BR will tin; of Colic. Hot* or IXXO Fit
vjcu. if Konuf Powders arc wd in time.
K?iiUV Powders will rnre ami prevent lloo Cholmsa.
Konuv Powder* win prevent Gai-kh in Fowls.
Foutz'? Powder* will Inerca.?? Uie qtmntlty of rolllc
and eritam twenty per cent., and make the butter firm
Foutz'? Powders will rure or prevent almost kvxey
Disi.AhK to wlilcli Horpes Mid cattle are subject.
FOVTZ'8 POWIMCKI W ILL UtVK SATIIFACTION.
DAVID E. F0UT2, Proprietor,
For sale by DR. J. G. WANNAMAK
Celebrated Fashion Catalojrne
CCUT EDEE *or Spring and Sura
OCH I rnCCmer. 138a, ready SLareh
10th, to any address. DJustrates and 1UU
every thlnK for Ladies', Gents', Children**
and Infants' wear and Housekeeping
Goods, at prices lower than those ot any
house in tho United States. Complete
Hntlsfactlon avarantMl, or money rc
l funded. II, G. F. KOCH cfc fclON,
Itith Avc. & 20th tiU, N. Y. Cityl