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THE ORIGIN OF ERGRAVIN&
the Invention of Producing PfcAare* on
Paper from Metal Plates.
Tiiere are few chapters in the history
of art of greater interest than those
which unfold to us the discovery of for
gotten treasures, and reveal the existence
of works which had long ago passed out
of remembrance. The intimate connec
tion between the invention of engraving
and the art of the silversmith, or rather
that branch of the silversmith's work
which consists of the chasing of an out
line into a plate of precious metal to be
subsequently filled up with dark-colored
enamei, the so-called Niello work, was
never appreciated until, at the close of
the last century, AbbeZani found among
some old Italian engravings, hi the
National library at Paris, a print which
he recognized as similar in subject to
the famous Pax, decorated with Niello
work, made by Maso Fingiguerra for the
baptistery of St. Jobri, and paid for, as is
proved by the records in 1432.
This Pax or Assumption was subse
quently transferred to the cabinet of
bronzes in the gallery of Florence, where
it is now preserved, and it was proved,
on comparing with it the engraving, that
the latter had actually been printed from
the silver plate, before the enamel was
fused into the outline, prior, therefore, to
1452? On the strength of this discovery,
Finiguerra has, ever since the year 1756,
been credited with the invention of pro
ducing engravings on paper from metal
plates. There seems little reason * to
doubt, as has been often pointed out,
that many silversmiths of the fifteenth
century, may have been in the habit of
obtaimng trials of their work in progress, I
as did Finiguerra, perchance, when he
produced his historical print, represent
ing Christ crowning the Virgin, from his
work on the Florentine Pax.
It may indeed have been, together with
the well-known .sulphur casts, a recog
nized mode of obtaining a record of the
Niello work, which had been practiced
for many years previous to the time in
question, though no such paper impres
sions of an earlier dato than thi<have
been handed down to us. It was com
mon practice to take proofs of fho vork
by means of sulphur casts long previous
to 1452, as numerous specimens of such
casts have been preserved to us, hut it is
difficult to say who was the first bold
innovator who substituted a piece of
paper for the sulphur, and thus origi
nated the precious art of engraving. T1k>
story of-the wet linen, which accident
ally gave the idea to Finiguerra, is
general!}' treated as fiction of those who
have studied the subject.?Art Journal.
American Manners and Speech.
The Americans aro without doubt more
unconventional than the English. They
are more natural in their manners and
more natural in their speech. When
they have anything to say they deliber
ate less on the way in which It should be
put. They have no special reverence for
hackneyed forms of speech, phrases that
aro conventional or words which are
venerated merely because they are old.
TTftey "realize the poetical value of the fos
sils of language that were the speech of
the English people in the time of Chau
cer, Spenser, or Shakespeare, but do not
feel themselves obliged to retain and
make daily use of them unless common
usage has made it necessary.
If new words come into local use mid
afterwards become established by adop
tion of the newspapers and by popular
literature, they do not object to their be
ing incorporated into the language, if
they are decent and expressive. In this
way America, while it is responsible,
though no more guilty than England,
for a great deal of slang, has helped-' to
enrich the mother tongue in ways that
English writers even have been com
pelled to acknowledge.?San Francisco
Pet Witches of the Caroline Islands.
The natives of the Caroline islands are
firm l>elievers in sorcery, but instead of
burning their witches they try to con
ciliate them in every possible way,
especially by leaving presents at their
door in night-time, never doubting that
the wisdom of the bruxa will enable her
to divine the unknown benefactor.
Witches are propitiated by gifts of cocoa
cakes and honey whenever the storm
clouds loom on the horizon of the setting
sun, as well as in times of protracted
droughts, for bruxas are supposed to
have specifics for evils of that sort.
Women credited with proficiency in such
business branches of the black art art
therefore considered desirable matches, j
and do not fail to impress their admirers I
with vague hints of magical omnipotence. I
?Dr. Felix L. Oswald.
Golug To Ilo a Choir Singer.
A very bright little lad of 13 yeo*s, !
son of a popular vocalist, joined his
mother's church recentlv and telt very
proud of it. While he was . strutting
around the house, bearing his new honors j
with dignity, a much younger brother
exclaimed: uYoxi feel mighty big, don't i
you. I'll never join the church any
way!" On being asked why, lie replied: !
'"Because I won't. I'm going to be a
choir singer like father, and singers
never join she church, you know!"?
Place Whore Grass Grows liest.
The grass which grows on dry, rich
soil, with free sunlight warming it, is
much more nutritious than that grown
on land filled with stagnant water.
Stock will eat the former down to the
oot? before touching the latter. It is
very common in lields where under
drains run, to see the line over the tile
made plainly visible by its closely
cropped herbage.?Chicago Journal.
Lignite Keadily Pressed in Bricks.
Lignite may be readily pressed in
bricks for burning by the addition of a
little tar, or fluid pitch, or asphalt.
A social axiom for both capital and
labor to recollect: Let it be granted that
society can never be regulated by hate
New York Commercial.
The price asked by Prol>t>sor Nicolhj
for the lately discovered picture by
Raphael is $100,000.
llnooln's Contempt for Conventionalities.
Mr. Lamon describes Mr. Lincoln as
pre-eminent in moral courage, eloquent
in speech and possessed of great com
mon sense. With him there was method
in every move. He never trifled. He
was charged with overmuch seriousness
and melancholy, which was often mis
construed for discouragement. H<> never
told an anecdote that did not point to a
moral. This character often subjected
i him to adverse criticism among the uf
j tra fashionables, especially when this
class was made the object of his satire.
It was said of him that he lacked ven
eration amounting almost to ? moral ob
j liquity. He stooped to no vindication in
I life, leaving that for history. Mr. Lin
coln was epigrammatic in elucidating his
ideas, indulged in no studied phrase3,
was no fuinbler of works.
It will be acknowledged that Mr. Lin
coln lacked dignity in outward appear
ance. He fully realized that he was
formed by nature all right, but was not
moulded by art, In speaking of his lack
of polish he said: "I guess I will leave
the fancy work to others and will browse
around the utility department as best I
can." Mr. Lincoln, however, showed
that he was master of .a forci
ble nondescript sort of dignity
never before recognized by orthodox
diplomats. No American at any period
in our history could write a paper of pub
he import with more impressive serious
ness, circumspection and grave dignity.
He was ever genial, tender and social,
never bewailing his hardships or exult
ing in his trinmplis. His great ambition
was to leave the world better than he
found it.?New York World.
The Capacity for Steady Thinking.
I have asked?and it is a good test?
can you, on a long railway journey,
think out a problem on a great social
subject? Will you begin to think out
that problem when you have before you
two hours in a railway carriage? This* is
simply a form of mental indolence: they
can not concentrate themselves and bring
their thoughts sufficiently together to do
spontaneous work. It partly comes from
this, again, that they will not give them
selves time; from that they got out of
the habit of steady thought, and they
will not dwell long upon on<> subject.
Both in reading and in thinking you
never get far unless you will have a long
consecutive tete-a-teto with your book
or with your problem.
People read and think in the same way
that they visit their acquaintances and
friends. They have an exciting ?Konversa
tion for a few minutes, and then the 1
visit 5s over. If you wish to see a land
scape or explore a character you must
take time, and it must be done by steady,
consistent and continuous thought. I
bespeak, therefore, for readbig and for
flunking greater deliberation, more care
ful choice of material, more consecutive
ness and continuity and above all, that it
should never become necessary to hurry
through anything, whether it be lecture,
or book, or problem.?Mr. Gosuken's
Chicago's 'Board of Trudo Clock.
The works of thcimmense clock which
has been put up in the board of trade
building in Chicago aro pronounced a
most perfect reproduction of those of the
great Westminister palace clock in Lon- \
don, but with some additions and im
provements adapted to its commercial
purpose. It is constructed of iron, bron/.u,
and steel, and weighs ten tons without
the bell, the latter adding some 4,000
l?Unds more. The pendulum alone
weighs 750 pounds.
In its arrangement the works are di
vided into a t?ne train, a hand train, and
a striking train, these several trains com
prising separate machines, resting side
by side, on separate frames. Each of
the trains is oporated by a separate
weight, and the throe weights together
reach some 3,500 pounds. The hammer
that strikes the bell weighs eighty
pounds, the clock work is below the dials,
which are ten feet ten inches in diameter,
and the bell is above them, or 250 feet
above tho ground. The pendulum
swings one way in two seconds.?New
Dogreos of Skill in Labor.
There is a very common but mistaken
impression abroad that there are no de
grees of skill in wdiat is called ordin?r}*
labor. A single illustration will show
the magnitude of this error. Take the
simple operation of handling a rock-drill,
for instance. One man wil1 drill holes
true and parallel, while another, though
he may be quite as industrious and well
meaning, will do precisely tho opposite.
The result is that the former uses less
powder for the blast, and the rock comes
out in shapely masses fit to be made into
dimension stone worth a good price,
while the product of the latter is only serv
iceable for rubble work and not worth
as much by many times its co^: Yet
both the men rank as laborers.?W. H.
Swift in Globe-Democrat.
Great Kuinfitll in New Knglund.
The great rainfall in Now Englaud in
February is declared by meteorologists
who have studied it to have been unpre
cedented since records began to be kept.
The total amount of .vater which fell
from the clouds, chiefly during twenty
four hours, is computed to have
amounted to 750,000,000,000 gallons.
The fall was greatest between New Lon
don and Providence.?New York Sun.
The Mexicans' Passion for Mirrors.
Mexican have a passion for mirrors,
and a traveler says that the interior of
some of the houses look like steamboat
cabins. He remarks also that mirrors
are among the commonest articles in the
Ilalr Grease for Ancient Komans.
The ladies and young men of fashion
of ancient Rome used a ball of German
pomade to tingo the hair of a light or
fair color. It was composed of goat's
tallow and beechwood ashes, and made
up into a ball.?Exchange.
Tin? Early Lifo of Gold-Plan.
Dr. Bessels, who is in charge of the
government carp ponds, says that only
about 200 out of'every 1,000 gold-fish
spawned pass through the early stages oi
gold-fish life.?lutes Oceun.
IN A LUCIFER-MATCH FACTORY.
The Dreadfully Disfiguring Disease
Which Attacks the Employes.
It certainly in unfortunate that an in
vention which has been so valuable to
the household and, indeed, in all cases
where a ready light is deairablo, should
bring into the world with it so much dis
ease. The makers of lucifer matches,
large numbers of whom reside in Vienna,
were some years ago attacked with a
most singular disease?the rotting away
of the jaw-hone. Together with this
ugly and most disfiguring complaint
there were always constitutional symp
toms present which denoted the presence
of poison in the blood. After a careful
inquiry the cause of of these singular at
tacks was traced to the phosphorus em
ployed in.making the matches. How it
could attack the bone was at first a
puzzle to the physicians, but it was at
length discovered that the poisonous
fumes gained admission to the bone by
means of decayed teeth.
Some of the German governments
endeavored to meet the difficulty by ex
amining the mouths of all persons em
ployed in lucifer match factories, and
dismissing from employment any artisan
who had unsound teeth. This, to a
certain extent, met the case; but inas
much as it is impossible to give every
workman a clean bill of health with
respect to his morals the remedy, or
rather the preventive, was not thorough.
Some twenty years ago the disease also
appeared In New Haven, and a medical
expert was instructed to investigate the
matter. After making a careful inquiry
he discovered, out of fifty-nine patients,
fifteen died, and the others were greatly
disfigured by the destruction of the
upper or lower jaw; in some cases both.
It is impossible to picture a moro dis
figuring disease, or one which lea*ds to
greater discomfort, inasmuch as in many
cases the speech is destroyed and also the
process of mastication.
The only effectual method of obliter
ating the disease is to get rid of the phos
phorus, or of so altering its character as
to deprive its fumes of their deadly vir
ulence. The common spirting match is
the greatest offender in this particidar
inasmuch as it contains the most phos
phorus. Those matches made of amor
phous phosphorus, or phosphorus baked
for a certain period of time, are believed
to be harmless. Many attempts have
been made to produce matches from this
substance in connection with chlorate of
potash, and at last with success. The
combination, however, only takes place
in the act of striking the light, the ut
most danger existing in any attempt to
combine them permanently together,
The safety match is made principally of
chlornte of potash, mixed with black
oxide of manganese, red lead, sulphuret
of antimony and glue, while the amor
phous phosphorus is placed upon the box
instead of the ordinary sand-paper, and
the contact of the two materials produces
It is ur. rtunate that a light can only
be produced with the box, as working
men do riot care to be troubled by carry
ing one about. Until this difficulty is got
over, this excellent invention, calculated
to get rid of a most distressing disease,
will only be used in the household, the
ordinary match that will strike against
any rough surface possessing advantages
over it which the rough and thoughtless
will demand. It is quite clear, however,
that for all domestic purposes, the old
match ought to be given up.?Brooklyn
Several Remedies for Stuttering.
Stuttering is one of the most distress
ing of vocal defects, and it is a little
singular that many parents think it a
misfortune that is not susceptible of cor- j
rection. It is not necessary to confine I
the stutterer in a cave for years and
compel him to place pebbles in ins mouth
after the manner of Demosthenes.
Syllabic accentuation, preserving the
continuity of sound while beating time,
is a simpler method, and has proved
successful in the case of Dr. Hammond
and others. Another method is to take
1 .ng breath, and then to close the teeth
and speak between the closed teeth,
allowing the air to pass out slowly. It
is said that two weeks' practice of this
experiment will effect an improvement.
It will not be necessary afterward to
keep the teeth closed all the time when
speaking, but a long inspiration should
always be taken, the air being expelled
Musical Publishers and Amateurs.
Music publishers, equally with book
publishers, have large dealings with am
ateurs, that is to say, with people who
have written songs as a diversion, and
are determined to have them published
at all hazards. And music publishers
tell some very funny stories about such
experiences. One funuy story they do
not tell either with frequency or gusto.
In ..everal cases amateurs who have pub
lished songs on their own account have
stumbled upon successes, and, of course,
have pocketed all the profits. This con
tingency is now provided against by pub
lishers requiring that the amateur song
writer shall buy a sufficient number of
bis songs at the retail price to cover the
cost of publication. Thereafter the pul>
lisber pays the amateur a royalty on
every copy sold, just as though he were
a professional.?New York Mail and
Experiment on a Frog's Muscles.
If we place a drop of acid on the skin j
of the lumbar region of a decapitated j
frog, we immediately see the foot on the |
corresponding side lifted to scratch it i
and rub the spot irritated by the acid.
Is we repeat the experiment after hav
ing amputated the foot, the application
of the acid puts the frog into an evident j
state of agitation. It makes fruitless ef
forts with the stump, hesitates, stops, j
seems to reflect and ends by employing
tliH other foot to wipe off the acid.? '
"iirnal of Mental Science.
lVfcut a Naturalist Han Noticed.
Scorpions, spiders and various insects j
have been observed to lie motionless if
a persons blows upon them in a vertical
. Charms of Early German Poetry.
The old Aryas has medicinal charms
for ruling the power of nature, love
songs, songs celebrating heroes, choral
hymns and ceremonial music and danc
ing. The oldest German lines of poetry
are alliterative. All solemn legal pro
ceedings were accompanied by poetry.
Oaths were sworn and sentence of banish
ment pronounced in alliterative verse.
The early alliteration remains to this day
in such, expressions as house and home,
spick and span, weal and woe, stock and
stone, kith and kin, bed and board,
wind and weather.
Heroic songs, were chanted by wander
ing minstrels in the days of Attila and
Charlemagne, but they are lost. The
epic singers of that age appeared before
an audience and declaimed in musical
recitative. Germany has but one literary
fragment of that day?the song of
Hildebrand. "Small as is the fragment
left to us, it is a noble fruit, and from it
we may infer the grandeur of the tree
which bore it." The Gorman poets
learned to rhyme from the Reman na
tions. The first traces of rhyme in Ger
many appear in the ninth century.
Beginning about the year 600 two lan
guages, the High German and the Low
German, began to be formed. The author ,
says that among all the Teutonic lan-,
guages, whether of olden or more modern j
times, none can compare for melody with j
the Old High German, as seen in the
rhyming poets of the ninth century. It
is rich in vowels, melodious and plastic
as Italian. The mother tongue of Charle
magne was High German, and from that
monarch, date the first connected records
in the German language.?Histoiy of
The Color of the Human P.yc.
Some curious researches have recently
been undertaken by Swiss and Swedish
physicians on the color of the eyes, but
without any apparent purpose. For con
venience'all eyes were divided in blu?
or brown, tho various shades of gray
eyes being classified according to the
prominence of blue or brown in their
color. Some of the conclusions from a
great many observations arc these: That
women with brown eyes have better
prospects of marriage than those with
blue; that the average of number of chil
dren is greater with parents whose eyes
are dissimilar. In children both of whose
parents have blue eyes, 93 per cent, in
herit blue eyes; but in children both of
whose parents have brown eyes, only SO
per cent, have brown eyes. The above
results were reached in Switzerland. In
Sweden the discoveries were not quite
the same. Tho women with brown eyes
were more numerous there than the men
with brown eyes, but brown eyes are ap
parently increasing there as in Switzer
The DInco\*ery of Blue Paper.
Congressman Whiting, of Holyoke,
make a little speech recently at a dinner
in New York, and in the course of his
remarks upon the influence of paper he
stated this incident: "The introduction
of blue paper is another interesting item.
The.owner of a small mill in England
Svwrt'to London to sell his product, leav
ing his wife at home. It was washing
day?presumably Monday?and the good
wife had a bluing-bag tied to her apron, I
She visited the mill and, leaning over the
engine, dropped her bluing-bag. and in
stead of white paper she had a lot of blue
paper. She met her husband upon his
return with a good deal of apprehension,
and informed him of the misfortune. He
felt as if a serious mistake had been
made until he sent the product to market
and received ? cents per pound more
than for his usual article, and thereafter
his mill was run on blue paper, and it
brought him a fortune."?Chicago Times.
The Decoration ol Hospital Wails.
Hospitals must necessarily lack many
of the attractions of homes, but they can
be made more pleasant than they are.
Vast, ghostly. expanses of white and
naked walls, glaring in sunlight, and
glowering in twilight, are of themselves
incentives to death, when the spirit is
more than half weary of life. Bright
papers, or papers of any kind, are tabooed
from hospital walls by the dicta
of hygieno. But a neutral gray might
wisely supersede the hideous white, and
pictures are very cheap nowadays. A
few chromes, with trees and rivers, and
laughing children, and pleasant home
interiors for subjects, might be found
more serviceable than medicine to the
patient whose mind is hesitating uncon
sciously between the apathies and the
The New Yorker's Living Coflin.
The average New Yorker of a success
ful life goes down-town as soon as he
can get his breakfast and wrestles all
day with a half-dollar. He is like Jacob
and the angel in this performance.
Toward night he generally manages to
trip the half-dollar and throw it. and
swear that he will not let it go until it
gives him the blessing of that day. Then
he takes his coupe, or one which he hires
every day. or takes the elevated railroad,
and goes up to his lonely don in one of
these gloomy brown-stone streets. There
he has got some $40,000 to $90,000 locked
up in a piece of ground about twenty
feet front by ninety-five feet deep. It is
his living coflin, and he sits up in it that
evening playing at one or another kind
of intelligent jack-straws.?"Oath's" Let
No Swim Bladder in Soles.
When onc?1 the young sole has taken
permanently to lying on his left side he
is no longer able to swim vertically; he
can only wriggle along sideways on the
bottom, with a peculiarly slow, sinuous,
and undulating motion. In fact, it
would be a positive disadvantage to him
to sho w himself in the upper waters,
and for this very purpose nature, with
her visual foresight, has deprived him
altogether of a swim bladder, by whose
aid must other fishes constantly regulate
their specific gravity, so as to rise or
sink at will in the surrounding medium.
It has just bee**, discovered that the
green sands which are very plentiful
in Georgia have valuable fertilizing
! SPRING AHB SMf P 1886.
? HENRY; ;EOHN
ALWAYS IN TUE LEAD. AND
showing a magnificent stock of seasonable :
DRESS GOODS. Ladies White and Col-1
in new and exclusive designs, consisting of
India Mulle, Cambric, Lawn and Ratiste.
! Prices much reduced, You ?nn get an ele
| gant Robe and Trimmings complete for
IT IS POSITIVELY TRI E .
HENRY KOHN is selling DRY GOODS
cheaper this Spring, than they have ever
been sold before.
Calicoes from 3J4 cents up.
Dress Ginghams 7 cents up.
40inch India Lawn cents.
Pacific Colored Lawns 0)^ cents, former I
price Vlli cent.-..
4-4 Dlcaching 7 cents, former price 10.1
Uundercheifs at ? cents.
liioii yards of Remnants of Worsted1
Dress Goods at li cents and up.
DO YOU WAiVT
a nice and cheap SUMMER DRESS, if so
HENRI KOHN'S is the place, you can!
: get Satteens, Ginghams, Cambrics, Grena
dines, Surah Silks, Grosgrain Silk, Black j
Tricotlue, India Foulards, China Pongees,
Spanish and Oriental Lace Nets for Suits, j
is the popular wash goods this season.
Large variety at HENRY KOHN'S. 1?
cents per yard.
Novelties in striped and figured Rourette
Camels Hair Cloth, Al.;ertrcss Nuns Veil
ings, Egyptian Suitings.
We have been induced to keep the genuine
FRENCH MUSLINS AND SATEENS,
also Tamise Albertross, Crape Cloth, Tri
cot Homespun, Batiste," Cashmeres and
Silk Warp Henrietta Cloths, all warranted
to give satisfaction.
Elegant variety of all over Laces. Orien
tal and Egyptian Flouncing and Edgings,
"WE'VE GOT YOV <? TIM-:
young man to sell you a SPRING SUIT OF
CLOTHING. You know that HENRY
KOHNis Headquarters for MEN AND
BOY'S CLOTHING. It is needless to go
into details, but our CLOTHING this sea
son is all made up with the Patent Square
Shoulders and Corset fitting waists. We
have also the Crinkle, Coats and Vests.
And sidts for extra size men.
is the name ofthebest UNLAUNDR1ED
SHIRT4. have ever handled, and I have
had the "Globe," "Diamond" and "Qua
ker City," but this "HODGES" SHIRT
beats them all. Price ?1.00. We still
have, that Wonderful ."<o cent linen bosom
A very choice line of Ladies TRIMMED
HATS for early Spring Wear. All the
BOYS CLOTHING, new Spring Styles.
Art Squares, Canton Mattings in all colors,
and plain from Yi% cents per yard.
BODY BRUSSELS, TAPESTRY AND
HOLLAND SHADES, one yard wide and
two yards long, with fancy dads, spring
rollers all complete?1.0u
of all kinds, including the handsome pat
terns in Scrim at 15 and "JO cents per yard.
DRY GOODS BAZAAR,
N. li. BUTTERICK'S METROPOLI
TAN PATTERNS, ARE SOLI) ONLY
AT UEXRV KOI IN.
WHITE SEWING MACHINE STILL
UN" TU K LEAD, TOOK ALL THE PRE
MIUMS AT THE STATE FAIR.
TO THE MANY ENQUIRE HS I WOULD
state that one car has arrived. The de
mand for this MANURE will be larger
To CASH BUYERS the price will he re
Orders filled as rapidly as possible.
TO OW:%T?KS OB-' ST2-:AM
MILLS, &c, Sc.
1 have just received a lot of WROUGHT
IRON M, % and 1 inch, PIPING, COUP
LINGS, ELBOWS, B.O. I3RASS VALVES,
CHECK VALVES and PACKING STUFF
AN INVOICE OF
GOOD at ?.-..00. BEST AT $6M.
Stock Food an? Hay
John A. Hamilton.
C. MATTHEW. J. M. MAY HEW.
C. Mayhew & Son,
COLUMBIA, S; C..
COLUMBIA MARBEL WORKS.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in
All Kinds of
AMERICAN AND ITALIAN
Mantels, Monuments and Tablets
furnished to any design
at Lowest Prices.
Polished Granite Work, either Na
tive or Foreign, to order.
Building Stone of all kind furnished.
Correspondence solicited with those
in want of any work in the above line.
7 Mrs. L. M. SfflOAE
Wishes to inform her frieuds and the public
that she has
Establishment next door to B. B. Owen,
where will be found constantly in Stock all
the Latest Novelties in
LADIES' HATS AND BOM NETS,
NECK WEAR, GLOVES, HOSIERY,
LACES, EMBROIDER V, &C.
Agent for the Genuine
SINGER SEWING MACHINES.
NEEDLES, OIL AND ATTACHMENTS.
Orangebiirg ?. II., S. C
Finest variety of Tropical Fruits in Mar
ket. Fresh cargoes every week.
JsgTOrders filled with dispatch.
C. BART & CO,
X?, "> and 57, Market Street,
oct 22-fims_CHARLESTON, S. C.
Tai ?rsiielTs FMqngk Gallen
OVER iJ. B. OWEN'S, Russell Street,
Orangeburg, S. C.
To THE Punuu: 1 have opened a fn>t
class Photo Gallery. I woidd be pleased to
have samples of work examined at Gallery.
All werk strickly first-class.
Photos of Groups and Babies a speciality
by instant method. All Vewing Exteriors,
Dwellings, Horses, Dogs and Al?n ah
taken at short notice by instant method.
Old pictures coplcdja'nd enlarged. Special
attention given to this branch of work.
Pictures finished in water colors, India Ink
and Crayon. Also Photo taken from the
size of smallest pocket to full life 3x5 feet
All work done with neatness and dispatch.
Vewing any where in the State. Special
discounts oh all orders over510.00. Give
me a call, I will assurcsatisfaction. All
work CASH ON DEL1VEK V. Postivch
no credit. VAN ORSDELL, Artist,
July 17 Russell Street. Orangeburg, S. ('.
Ts constantly supplied with the very best
A Oysters and Fish that the Charleston
Market affords, which is sold at a reasona
ble price Meals call be had at the Restau
rant at any hour and cooked in a way chat
will please the most fastidious. nov i-5m.