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CANCELED STAMPS CLEANED AND
USED A SECOND TIME.
ilciuoving Cancellation JIarks by Means
of Acids?The Clever Trick of Cutting
Stamps?Wonderful Skill and Ingenuity
of the Dishonest Operators.
"The most troublesome offenders
against government laws are the experts
who use conceled postage-stamps," said a
postofflce official the other day. "They
have a system of washing out the cancel
lation marks that is so successful as to
make detection almost impossible. In the
offices of large cities like New York and
Chicago, where so many letters are hand
led daily, and where rapidity iy the most
desirable feature, it is impossible for the
men who cancel stamps to examine each
one carefully. Then too, a great deal of
the work Is done by gas-light, and this ia a
point which tends to aid the conspirator
against the government's income.
"Anyone who has seen a postofflce em
ploye in the New York office grab a bun
dle o41 letters and cancel the stamps with
lightaing-llke rapidity can readily see how
impossible it is for him to detect bad
stamps unless they are particularly bad.
The men engaged in the business of using
cancalled stamps are extremely clever.
They have an acid in which they wash the
stair ps. The acid acts upon the cancella
tion marks, and not upon the colors of the.
stamp. In this way a stamp that has
once been used is relieved almost entiroly
of it; black marks. If any block remains
after the washing process the operator
takei a sharp knife, which he has made
for tae purpose, and deftly scratches the
stamp until the remaining black marks
are almost, if not entirely, removed. This
cen lie done readily when the marks are
upon the bald head or the face of the
historic personage whose vignette adorns
the < tamp, as this portion is white; and
upon a white space the stamp can be
scratched until it is nearly through with
"Another clever trick that is employed Is
the cutting of stamps. Often in the hurry
of postofflce work the canceilation-mavk
does not cover the stamp, but falls only
upon one corner, the rest going upon the
envelope. The operator takes a stamp that
has a black mark, say upon the left-hand
lower corner. He carefully cuts a square
piece out or that corner, making it large
enough tc cut away all the cancelled por
tion. Ho then secures a stamp on which
the cancellation-mark has fallen in some
other corner. He carefully cuts out the
same-sized square from the lower left
hand corner of thi^stamp, and joining it
with the first stamp he has a whole stamp
upon which there are no cancellation
marks. These stamps are used upon pack
ages which are tied with a string, and the
string :s ingeniously placed over the cut
"Take any package of a dozen letters
and you will see how easy it is to find
stamps for this business." As he spoke
"Jig official drew from his pocket a bundle
of half a dozen letters. Upon the first let
ter the cancellation-mark was only upon
the lower right corner of the stamp. The
second was cancelled completely, and the
third was marked only upon the upper
left-hand corner. So a combination could
have been easdy made with the starip
upon the first and third letters. *
WONDERFUL SKILL OF THE SWINDLERS.
?'Many of these operators," continued
the official, "grow expert in the work.
Thtiy have clever tools and the right kind
of riucfage, and some go even so far as to
have coloring processes for touching up a
Garfield black eye or a Washington soiled
cheek. What do they do with the worked
over stamps? They do not sell them, as
many suppose, and that fact renders de
tection moro difficult. When a man be
comes successful in working over canceled
stamps he endeavors to get into some busi
ness which will require the sending aud
receipt of many registered letters and
packages. The most popular scheme is to
go into the cheap jowelry and fancy-trick
burliness. The operator lays in a stock of
the cheapest kind of jewelry and adver
tise thoroughly through the country,
especially in rural districts. A gold watch
with chain and charm for $4.50 is a bait
that catches a great many green specula
tors, and as they ore instructed to send re
mittances by registered letter, the opera
tor receives a number of 5 and 10 cent
stomps. These stamps he operates on,
and when he returns the jewelry he pays
th'j postage in whole or in part with can
ce'ed stamps He makes 100 or 300 per
ccat. on the jewelry, and does a thriving
business in illegal stamps at the same
"Ah, yes, there are a great many In the
business, and their success is wonderful
A/1 that we can do is to keep on the look
out and catch' one .of them when we can.
"We get an idea that a man Is doing
crooked work, and then we watch him.
When we once get an idea it does not take
us long to ascertain the truth. Whenever
the person presents a package for registra
tion we have it held for inspection, and if
there are canceled stamps upon it we are
pretty sure to find them. Often the bad
stamps are detected before they reach the
cancellation clerks. When they are being
taken from the receiving-baskets they are
sometimes detected. There is now await
ing the action of the grand jury a man
who is held for doing a rushing business in
?canceled stamps from his store on Broad
way. Ke followed the usual plan."?New
The Pressure of Plant Juices.
The transfer of water through woody
stems takes place by means of the younger
wood, and not to any extent by the bark.
Hence a stem can be girdled, the bark
stripped off from the wound, and yet the
leaves will for a long time keep fresh. In
soft plants the transfer may take place
through almost any parts. Sometimes
tho pressure of the juices within the plant
is so great that water is forced out t hrough
the minute rifts. This is ofen seen in the
case of the young leaves of wheat and
corn, the drops of water at the tips looking
like dew, but plainly coming from within
the plant instead of from the air. In a
few instances water has been seen to be
thrown out in minute jets from tho tips of
leaves, especially in some of the green
house plants like Colocasia.? Boston
Supposed Seal of the Prophet.
There was a numismatist and archaeolo
gist in Turkey?the late Subhi Pasha. At
his death he bequeathed to the sultan a
supposed seal of the prophet. The
prophet, according to tradition, had three
seals?one of gold, one of silver and one of
agate. It is the agate one which tho sul
tan believes he has.?New Orleans Times
The sale of snuff for dipping purpose*
Is said to be annually increasing in ths
A MILLIONAIRE IN:"C.ONGflES*? ^
& ?T-5 '.? 1
Some of tiua Annoyances to Which "He Is
One of the very rich men in congress
was talking to mo last night about the
troubles of congressional millionaires.
Said he: "It is wonderful how fast a man's
fortune grows after he gets 'to Washing
ton. When I got to the capital I supposed
myself, from an invoice of my various pos
sessions, to be worth a certain number of
millions of dollars. I had not been here a
week before the papers began their esti
mate of my pile, and I think I jumped
about $10,000,000 higher in the course of a
month. That is on paper, you know. I
have made money very fast at times in
my life, but never so fast as they make it
for me here at Washington.
"These newspaper reports that go out
from hero about my being such a whole
souled, generous millionaire bring all the
beggars of the country down upon me,
and I get letters from everywhere, pro
posing all sorts of ridiculous schemes.
Here is one, for instance," and the -con
gressman held out a letter to me, "pro
posing that I furnish $100,000 to start a
weekly newspaper, which the man says
will bring in $50,000 a year when it has
reached 125,000 circulation, which of
course it would very soon. Ho proposes
to charge twenty-five cents per agate line
for advertisements. As he will get all his
news out of the daily papers it can be run
cheaply. Then I get scores of letters, em
bracing nearly all thestates of the Union,
from men who want to lift mortgages off
their houses, and other scores from chari
table institutions who can tell me just
how. to use my money so that ii
will do the most good. Some
of my letters come from boys who
want an education and I suppose if I could
look these matters np I could find some
really meritorious instances. I am both
ered a great deal by cranks, also, and 1
can tell you that the man who is published
as rich has some troubles which the poor
man never thinks of. I find that I am
working harder since I have been a con
gressman than I have ever worked be
Continued the millionaire, "I answer all
my letters, using.of course, a stenographer,
and I make a rule to answer a letter as
soon as I get it. I have learned a good
deal in congress, and I never have been
in a place where I felt that I was able to
do so little alone before. I think congress
is a body of great intelligence but very
little wisdom, and I have gotten from my
association here a much higher regard for
the average intelligence of the people of
the United States. The members of con
gress, I find as a rule, are men of a
good deal of brains and considerable
culture. Talk to them individually and
they are sonsible enough, but get them to
gether and they act and talk like a set of
blanked fools."?Cor. Cleveland Leader.
Matches Down to a Fine Point.
John Robinson, the Chicago manager of
the great friction match corporation, said
recently: "They have got matches down
to a fine point in Michigan. They are
selling three boxes, that is 900 matches,
for Scents. There was a little factory
started at Grand Rapids. Matches were
then selling at $2.50 a case. They put the
price down a little, and we were obliged
to meet them. They kept running down
and we kept meeting them until they got
down to $1.25 a case. Then we took the
initiative and dropped to $1. Tho retail
ers had stocked up at from $1.25 to SI.75,
which were thought bottom prices. Now
they had to get rid of the matches at any
sacrifice, and they began to cut. When
they had slashed around to the dollar
limit, one man, who had been losing trade
by the drive on matches, put his down to
three boxes for 2 cents. That is 96 cents a
case, or 4 cents less than he can duplicate
them for. The other dealers offered to
buy out his entire stock, but he wouldn't
sell. He saw his trade coming back with
the sale of matches at this price. It struck
me that in this episode there was a photo
graph of American business life of start
ling vividness."?New Orleans Times
The Candy Venders of Cuba.
The dulcero, cr vender of sweets, is
everywhere and at all hours. Many of
them squat at street corners like our own
patient caramel and peanut-candy mer
chants, but the most picturesque are the
negro mulatto, and all-sorts, who crowd
their wares into a bridge-like box which
they carry upon their heads and shoulders.
It is impossible to tell why, but they fly
through the streets as though possessed;
and their calls, interspersed by melodious
whistling and bars of warbling moro
weird than that of the Tyrolese, though as
sweet, are bursts of barbarous sound truly
appalling. At night these yells are sup
pressed by authority. Then the dulceros
fasten little bells to their boxes, and the
silver tinkling of these sweetly winsome
campanulas mingle pleasingly with, the
charming night sounds of the happy
hearted city until the small hours when
the centinelos at the fortresses upon tho
heights have chanted .answer to their
challengers.?Edgar L. Wakoman's Ha
Careless Use of the Lancet.
M. Boissenot, one of the chief perma
nent officials at the Paris Prefecture of
police, is in a situation to realize tho' wis
%dom of tho proverb which enjoins the cob
bler to stick to his last. A few days ago
Madame Boissenot being afflicted with an
abcess he took upon himself to lance it. As
he was doing so she shrank suddenly from
the lancet, and he inflicted a slight wound
on his finger, which he neglected to cauter
ize. Ina short time his hand and arm
swelled in the most alarming manner, and
the physicians called to attend him say
that he has no chance of lifo except in
Foxhounds for Hunting Wolves.
Two packs of foxhounds are sustained
by English settlers in the northwestern
part of Iowa for the sport of chasing the
prairie wolf or an occasional fox. The
hunting fa carried on chiefly in the spring,
and is described as having all the elements
of the liveliest sport of that kind. Tho
present season has been an exceptionally
good one, and the packs will be enlarged.
?Detroit Free Press.
The Hounds of tho Ocean.
Some species of sharks hunt in packs
like hounds, and thoir nasal organs are
peculiarly formed to extract from the
water any taint by which they can follow
up the scent of their proy.?Boston
Planting a Bucket of Shad.
A bucket of water thrown overboard
contained nearly 1,000,000 shad of the 30,
000,000 the fish commission is now planting
in tho Delaware.
Atlanta claims to be the third largest
muff market in the world.
Mount Vernon Is to be linked to Wash
ington by iron rails.
?lalot of U Street Car Conductor.
"pretty womenjiro the pest of my life."
A grfeiid-street Car conducto^mado this
alarming confession to me the other , day.
Albok over i)?e make-up of the gentleman
would never had led to the suspicionthat
he was the victim or the fair sex's perse
cutions. "It's this way," said he. "Just
as soon as I get a pretty woman aboard
this car begins to fill up. Two pretty
women will fill a car anywhere from the
Battery to Harlem on two minutes' notice,
People can talk all they please about New
York men being rude to the ladies; it isn't
so. "Why, I fairly shudder when I get next
to the shopping district. It doesn't make
any difference if every seat In my car is
empty, in will skip some good-looking
girl, and before I get two blocks further
on a crowd will be standing up holding on
to the straps because there is not room
enough for them all to sit down. I believe
there is a regiment of men- on Broadway
who have no other programme thatffo
climb Into the cars where pretty women
are. No, they are not men who might ;be
called 'mashers;' they don't stare anybody
out of countenance or show impudence of
any sort. It seems only their object to get
near a handsome woman without ever in
tending or hoping to attract the woman's
attention. It's a queer freak, but every
trip shows how sure it is to bo displayed.
It Would pay the street car companies to
hire good-looking women folks to ride
around?just as a bait for passengers, you
see. Every car would be loaded down.?
"Halston" in New York Times. ? " , T?.
The "Maxe" of Bushby Park.
Every one is acquainted by description,
at least, with the noisy, fun-full resort
known as "Maze." It is constructed like
an immense puzzle, with hundreds of
bushes some six feet high, and seems to
have been especially designed for . the
pleasure of British sweethearts. Now the
beauty of the thing?if you are in the
plural?is to start in different directions
and then strive to discover one another.
Thia becomes bewildering, since you in
evitably lose yourself; so after a brother's
friend has wandered around helplessly for
an hour or so, he is naturally seized with a
desire to know where his friend's sister is
located by this time, and therefore calls
aloud the fair one's name. She responds.
There are many fair ones within and many
a young man in the above mentionod
predicament, consequently the. strange
volume of sound issuing from~~tkat
decorous-looking group of trees is some
thing exceeding description. It is well we
are warned that it is "only the Maze."
Close by is the great grapevine that
annually bears over one thousand
bunches of the purple fruit and is dedi
cated wholly to the queen's service, f Evi
dently the son of the royal favor is more
successfull than a mere "lord of day" In
the matter of soil cultivation, and it might J
be a worthy cunundrum for an enterpris
ing agricultural society.?London Cor.
The Sorrow of VanderbiU's Life,
Wiliam H. Vanderbilt had a big sorrow
in his life. He told bluff, good-hearted
Capt. Thompson, of the steamship
Germanic, about it one afternoon, when
he sat enjoying a smoke in the captain's
"There isn't much fun in having people
believe you are very rich," said Mr.
Vanderbilt. "I am willing to take your
word for it," assented the captain. "Now,
do you know what is the groat trouble of
my life?" wont on the millionairo; Jho
captain confessed that ho. had . ?tf>5<tf
suspected that thero was any "greaV
trouble" there at all. "Well, thoro is," in-j
[ sisted the railway magnate. "Thero is?a !
great trouble. I am bothered and wor
ried to death by people who want to make
me rich. They seem to think I want all
the money on the earth and they all have
schemes to help mo get it That is the
great sorrow of my life. I don't dare turn
to this side or to that, but some man Is
offering to take me into partnership and
make me another million or two. It's
very tiresome?very tiresome," and the
Havana went back to lips that pursed
contemplatively as whiffs of the tobacco
floated through the captain's cabin win
dow.?"Halston" in New York Times.
Most Effective Bomb Tet Invented.
The most effective one ever invented has
not yet been brought into play. It is a
copper globe filled with rdtro-glycerine,
and when used is thrown like a boy's toy
bullet from a strong rubber band. You
can buy these cartridges ready loaded from
any store where "blasting materials are
sold from 75 cents to 81. All that is nec
essary to keep them sate until you use
I them is to sink them in cold water?a
I wash-bowl will hold enough to butcher a
j regiment, They are infallible. Wherever
I they strike they explode, and one will
make a hole in the ground broader and
deeper than a grave. An expert can send
such a projectile a couple of hundred
yards with a good, stout, rubber sling, and
so be perfectly safe himself except for a
shock to his nerves. The dynamite bomb
is only a toy pistol beside such a handful
of condensed death. Its use does not mean
murder, but massacre?New York News
Tho Duchess Afraid of Fresh Air.
The duchess of Edinburg was present at
a concert recently in St. James' hall to
hear Herr Joach 't was a hot night,
and the hall, at i uest of times and with
all the ventilation* that can be had, is a
stuffy place. But her imperial and royal
highness does not like fresh air. It was
her wish that all the doors, windows and
ventilators should be closed, and closed
they were. When one of the stifling and
gasping multitude ventured to open one,
an usher bustled up at onco and closed it
again, Bternly warning the offender that
such were the commands of her imperial
and royal highness. Result, headache the
next morning and more unpopularity for
the duchess of Edinburg.?The Argonant.
The Poverty of French Painters.
"All is absurd in tho history of art," said
a dealer, the other day. "Millet lived only
by loans. So did Rousseau. So did Jules
Dupre, until ten years ago. Michel died
at a hospital, leaving many paintings on
paper because he was too poor to buy can
vas. A portfolio of ten of those paintings
sold for ten francs, all told. Recently one
of tho ten pictures sold for eight hundred
dollars. The success of an artist is mostly
a quostion of management. If two or
three well-known amateurs lead, the
others will follow. They do not under
stand, but they will buy."?Tho Argonant
Kip Van Winkle's Hut and Gun.
Rip Van Winkle's hut in theCatskills
has been repaired. It was damaged re
cently by lightning. Rip's old rusty gun,
ammunition pouch, and drinking cup are
still there. -Chicago Times.
The prince of Wales has been re-elected
grand master of the Freemasons in Eng
Brigham Young left over $1,000,000,- and
his children are fast going through it.
TALBO-TT & ;S?1 '
ami Columbia, S. C,
AND WHEAT MILLS.
ACME COTTON PRESS,
LUMMUS COMBINATION GIN,
With adjustable seed board, Beater and
stationary brush improvements, that make
it the best on the market.
We offer to the public the very highest
grade of Machinery.
V- C. BADHAM, MANAGER.
BRANCH HOUSE, COLUMBIA, S. C.
11886 Spriu aid Saner 1886
We are now prepared to show our Ssock of
Spring and Summer
WHITE AND FIGURED LAWNS,
m CRINKLED, SEERSUCKERS,
.ALSO LACES, EMBROIDERIES AND
We are offering a Bargain in Ladies
Genuine Canton Cape May Hats at 23 cents.
LADIES LINEN COLLARS.
Our STOCK OF SHOES is as complete
as ever, comprising full lines in best makes.
Our stock of Clothing we are selling off |
at very low figures to close out.
Prices in all departments low down. A
call solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Branson & DflMe,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
Comer Russell and Market Streets.
I will now devote my entire at
With an experience of ten
years I am in a posltiou to
know what variety of Lamps
to keep on hand that will suit
any purpose and give entire
satisfaction. When in need
of a Burner that will give
you a large brilliant light
call for "SORENTRUE'S
GUARANTEE". I give full
directions how to use it and a
guarantee for a year with
Remember, that "FAIR
DEALINGS, LOW PRICES
and BEST QUALITY is mi
Motto, and don't forget that
whatever you may need in the
way of or for a Lamp you
wdl be sure to get it at
Headquarters for Lamps.
1?B A.\OKi AND ORGAN*.
I WANT EVERYBODY TO KNOW
I that 1 represent seven leading PIANO
! AND ORGAN FACTORIES and will sell
; at Manufacturer's LOWEST CASH OR
I am prepared to give special induce
j ments to long time purchasers.
Any Instrument sent on fifteen days
j I will positively save every purchaser
! from ?10 to ?50. D. N. MARCH ANT,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
At <;. 11. Comelson'sstore.
J W. BOWMAN.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Orangeburo, S. C.
NEW ~\7~ ORK QT
EW X ORK OT
Wc arc now prepared to present to the
public the most complete Stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS
Ever opened in the city, and at the lowest
Also a complete line of
MATTINGS, OIL CLOTHS, SHADES,
We have just received a full line of
DRESS FABRICS at from 10 to 23 Cents.
We have just received a full line of
MUSLINS AND PRINTS at ? Cents.
Just received 100 pairs of
LADIES' FINE SHOES at from ?1 to ?3.
' Just received 100 pairs
LADIES' SLIPPERS at from ?1 to ?2.50.
Just received a fine assortment of
MENS' AND ROYS' CLOTHING at from
U to ?35.
OUR NOTION DEPARTMENT
is complete in every particular.
?gr Call early and sec for yourself as see
ing is believing.
I :D. EPSTIN,
New York Store.
A Newspaper supporting tho Principles
ofn-Domocratlc Ad ministration,
Published In tho City of Now York.
Edltor and Proprietor.
Daily, Sunday, and Weekly Editions.
THE WEEKLY STAR,
A Sixteen-page Newspaper, issued
A clean, pure, bright and interesting
It contains the latest news, down to Uio hour of
going to prws:
Financial and Commercial,
Poetical, Humorous and
Department.", all under tho direction of tr&lned
journalists of tho highest ability- Its sixteen
pages will be found crowded with good things
from beginning to ond.
Original stones by distinguished American and
foreign writers of Action.
THE DAILY STAR,
The Daily Star contains all the news of tho day
In an attractivo form. Its special correspondence
by cable from London. Paris, Berlin, Vienna tnd
Dublin is a commendable feature.
At Washington, Albany, and other news centers,
the ablest correspondents, specially retained by tho
Tue Stau, furnish the latest news by tclegrapn.
Its literary features are unsurpassed.
The Financial and Market Reviews are unusually
full and complete.
Special terms and extraordinary Induce
ments to agents and canvassers.
Send for circulars.
TERMS OF THE WEEKLY STAR to Stro
scniBEns, tree or postage in ths United 8tatcs
and Canada, outside the limits of New York City:
Per year.31 25
Clubs of Ten.lO 00
Clubs of Fifteen (and one extra to organizer).. 15 00
TERMS OF THE DAILY STAR TO Bun
Every day for one year (including Sunday)... .87 00
Daily, without Sunday, one year.: 6 00
Every day, six months. 3 60
Dally, without Sunday, sis months.3 00
Address, THE STAR,
86 and 23 Perth William St., Now York.
QOUTII CAROLINA BRANCH OF
O THE VALLEY MUTUAL LIFE AS
SOCIATION OF VIRGINIA, COLUM
BIA. S. C., JANUARY 21, 1886.-1 have
been appointed State Agent of the Valley
Mutual Life Association of Virginia and
Col. LEE HAGOOD has been appointed
manager. Hie office of the South Carolina
Department i.-. at Columbia, No. ? Main
street, (under City Hall.)
I will make an active canvass of the
State, and want the assistance of a number
of live men to canvass every county in tho
Tin Company was organized eight (8)
years ago by some of the leading business
men of Virginia, with the view of furnish
ing our people with good sound insurance
at the lowest possible cost. Its success has
been unprecedented, and far exceeding
that of any compauy organized In the
South. Its liabilities from its organization
to this date have been fully met, its Reserve
Fund of ?108.000 securoly invested, with an
actual membership of about 8,000, aggre
gating over ?15,000,000 of insurance.
Any communications addressed to mo oi
the manager at Columbia will receive
WM. M. BOSTICK, Jr.,
Jan 28-1 mo , State Agect.
Watclialar ait Jeweller,
Under Times and Democrat Office,
Keeps on hand a fine Stock of
Gold and Silver Watches,
Gold and Silver
Headed Canes, &c.
Also, Musical Instruments, such as
Banjos and Guitars,
And all other goods in this line.
23TA large assortment of 18 carat Plain
Gold Rings always in stock.
ZSTGoods warranted, and prices low.
FOUND AT LAST.
A Preparation that will positively cere
tfiat most distressing malady Neurat.gia.
"CRUM'S NEURALGIA CURE"
FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY'
This is not a cuke all but a Remedy, as
its name indicates, for the cure of Neuial
gia in its mildest, as well as its severest
form. It will also relieve Toothache, Head
ache from cold and nervous headache, and
bites and stings of insects.
This preparation has never been known
to fail in curing Neuralgia, where tho
directions have been faithfully followed;
having been used by Lr. Crum in his piac
ticc of Dentistry for several years. For
sale by DR. J. G. WANNAMAKER.
IN MEDICINE QUALITY
is or the
Pure Drugs and Medicines cc.re
j fuily prepared by experienced hands
j at Du. J. G. Wannamakek's Drug
I; S. Harley,
Bussel Street, Acxt to Tent,
Okangeuukg, S. C,
TX/lILRE you will find always on
> V hand, a line line of SEGARS and '
TOBACCOS of all grades, GROCERIES,
DRY GOODS, and GENERAL MER
CHANDISE, at lWvest CASH prices.
"Remember well, and bear in mind,
To save two nickels, will make a dime."