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END OP THE FIRST AOT.
The lights burned-lower; a fainr perfume
Stole its way through the crowded room.
The boxes were filled
With fair women, who rustled in silks and
Who looked and listened with eager faces
As the singers trilled
Their melodious numbers and played their
And made sad havoc in some soft hearts,
For they sang of love.
Oh, what u theme .
To make the young and beautiful dream;
So they sang of love,
And this was the scene:
The Burgomaster, with brow serene,
Slum! lered and dreamed In his high-backed
While his daughters stood in the moon
That streamed through the casement and
touched their hair,
And round their waists were the circling
Of their soldier lovers; and all the charms
Of the moonlight, the music that rose and
One cord o'er the other with dreamy swell
?Pthe heart of the listeners wrought a
For the moment divine.
Was it mine and thine?
This passion they counterfeit there , as
Thus we once swore with many a vow
Many a kiss unremembered now.
Since then Love's story must sure have
Soof ten you've heard it by others told.'
Our love grewcold
As our minds grew further and further
Until at the last
Our passion had passed
And left us each with an empty heart.
Einpty, and yet
I felt the agony of regret
As for a moment that sweet love song
Swept with its thrilling measure along.
And I remembered a moonlight scene
With you and I in the window nook,
And I was saying, "My life, my queen!"
While your father dozed o'er a dreary
Was it a wonder that real it seemed?
Was it a wonder I dreamed
Till the curtain fell,
Breaking the spell?
?Phil L. Barker.
Yet They Uphold the System.
Everybody iu England knows how a lord
is made, that barbers may become lord
chancellors and brewers get baronies; that
political service or trickery, or wealth ob
tained often by questionable means, can
Bspure that nobility which is denied to
science and letters and art. Yet Froude
and Lecky and May uphold the system,
and journalists with more power than any
duke in the peerage, grovel in their col
umns at the mention of a lord. Nine
tenths of the literary men in England feel
themselves honored when asked to the
tables of persons with less education or
icter or ability than their own.
16 people who use the pen, inueed, do
more for the continuance of the aristo
cratic system and the development of its
pernicious influence than any other class
hi the community. They spread the doc
trine and intensify the sentiment which
Bupport an institution more hostile to the
greatest good of the greatest number
than any other that exists in civilized so
ciety. If the men of. letters fought the
lords, the lords would go down. But the
men of letters serve and follow the lords;
apd the aristocracy flaunt their insolence
La the face of the world, and take their
superiors La their train to proclaim their
magnificence, to illuminate their feasts,
and to celebrate the splendor they may
not share. They deserve the place they
, accept. They recall a description 1'long
ago read of a Russian serf carefully hold
ing the horses of his master who stood on
the shafts while he horse-whipped the
slave.?Adam Badeau's Letter.
The Humor of an Author.
Who shall ridicule the fancies of women
as to dress, no matter how senseless they
may seem, when so illustrious an author
an Edgar Fawcett fits his apparel to his
employment. Fawett is rich, and can af
ford to write according to his humor. I
went to his residence once to seo him.
Thence I was sent away across town into
the tenement house district of the greac
east side, where I found him in a top-story
room overlooking Tompkins square. He
s^id that he was engaged on a portion of a
novel located among the toiling poor, and
so ho had temporarily hired that apart
ment, in order to breathe the atmosphere
of his subject. Moreover, he wore a cheap
suit of clothes, and the furniture was such
as might have appropriately been in an
impoverished family's home. When he set
out to compose poetry, hb inclosed him
self in an elegant study in his own resi
dence, put on a dressing-gown, simple or
gorgeous, according as he meant to write
naive or florid verse, and thus costumed
himself for his task. With such msthetic
authorization, why shall not our girls in
dulge in niceties and caprices of garb??
"Uncle Bill's" New York Letter.
The Boy n:nl tho Hornet.
A Boy he Stuffed his ole Clothes with
Straw and put the Dummy in a fence
earner of the Medder. Bimo-by an Old
Hornet came along on his Way homo from
Btealin' Wool, and as Soon as ho set Eyes
on the Boy he said:
"Looks like a Thunder Shower off there,
and it won't do for this Boy to get Wet.
He seems like a Boy anxious to get up in
the World, and I guess PU Lift him."
He lit down on the"6traw-stuffed body
and Jabbed in his Ole Stinger for keeps,
?end he was expectin' to hear Screams of
Agony, when the Boy who had put up tho
Job looked threw the Fenco and said:
"You needn't be iu any hurry to go on
"Dum my Buttons!" said the Hornet as
he made off; "but that's the last time Pll
try and help a Boy, up!"
Moral?And a Feller could have any
Amount of Fun with a Cannon if it
wasn't for his mother, who thinks he'll be
Busted.?Detroit Free Press.
Itoiul Across the Entire Republic).
The origin of the Swiss Confederacy
dates back to 130S. But there is a repub
lic named San Marina, in northeast Italy,
which sprang into existence in 441, of
which little thought has ever been taken.
The country would not now be noticed,
only that it has been ostentatiously staled
a railroad is to be constructed which "will
traverse the entire republic." This is not
.so stupendous au undertaking, as iniglut
be thought, since the length of tho road
will be only twenty miles.?Chicago Her
Now Undertakings iu the South.
it is estimated that fully ?36,-O(X),00O oi
northern and English capital was invested
in new undertakings in the south in the
fjrst three months of the current year.
"Ebo JFnto of a Call? EJly.
There was just a touch of the pathetic
as well as humorous aide to a story told
by Col J. H: "Woodward, of San Fran
cisco. It was an occurrence of his last
trip from New York to the Pacific coast.
In the car were two ladies from Boston?
"old maids" of tho New England school
that is, charming, educated and refined
women. They were going out to the
coast to teach school or get married, and
it probably had not occurred to them
which they would prefer. Among their
baggage-was a little pot with a calla lily
in full bloom. The plant was not above
eight or ten inches in height. They cured
for the liower as tenderly as if it was a
first-born baby. It was bitter cold in the
east and there was snow on the ground.
The ctdla made a bright spot in the car,
and they were proud of it. The train sped
along day after day, until one night
when they retired they were told that the
next morning would bring them into the
beautiful San Joaqnin valley.
When morning broke the train seemed
to have been transported into a new coun
try. The air was warm and balmy. .The
face.of nature was entirely changed^ The
bleakness of winter had given place to the
warmth and bloom of spring. The Boston
maidens were awake eaiiy.- They did not
tire of the scene, but" they discovered
something that called them together in
hurried consultation. They observed every
few miles great growths of tall, white
flowers. They were strangely bke callas,
only they were three and four feet taU and
the flowers were simply enormous. They
whispered more thau once over this spec
tacle, and it was finally understood that
they recognized tho flowers as .callas.
Then they began tod?ok furtlvoly &t<$heir
Uttle plant in the pot. It was insignificant
enough beside these queens of the west
ern slopes. Suddenly one oi the women
raised-the window; while, the other with
a quick movement seized the pot and
quickly dropped it out of the window. It
was all done in an instant, and no one but
Col. Woodard saw it, and he had too much
feeling for them to say anything about it.
?Cor. New York Tribune.
The Uproar .of the Musketry.
Everyone is familliar with the "long
roll," as beaten by a skillful drummer; but
the roll of the artillery tiiunder at Gettys
burg was more rapid thau any pair of
drumsticks. It was not a series of peals;
it was one long roar without a break.
Talk of Jove's thunder? The gods of
Mount Olympus would have sunk down
with terror had they heard such a sound.
Nevertheless, the monotonous din had a
somnolent effect. The writer und num
bers* of his men who were lying low in tho
Emmitsburg turnpike, between the op
posing lines of altillery, fell into a sound
sleep during its continuance and while
awaiting the expected charge of the Con
federates. Yet, heavy aud sustained as
was the artillery fire, from the time,
shortly after, that tho infantry became
engaged the sound of the cannons was
completely silenced in the still greater up
roar of the musketry.
Through the smoke we, who were con
tending with the flank of Pickett's
Virginians, could see our brave cannon
eers, iuany of them stripped to the waist
and with handkerchiefs bound around
their heads, turning the sponge-staff,
loading their guns, pulling the lanyards;
we could see the white clouds rising from
their guns aud the Confederate shells ex
ploding around thorn, and could see the
Confederate artillery also during this
bloody melee between the contending
infantry, some of their batteries which
had gallantly accompanied their charg
ing lines, unlimbered within 200 yards
of us and blazing away furiously.
Yet not one sound of that fearful'artillery
play did we hear during the persistent
rattle of the small arms.?T. F. Galwey in
A Tradition of the Maatodon.
The Pyramid lake region has forages
and ages been the favorite haunt and
home of ..the Piute Indians. The have
many traditions concerning the fantastic
rocks in the lake, its. finny inhabitants,
and the caves and canons of the surround
Iug mountains; also of great earthquakes
and volcanic eruptions that caused the
ground to spout water to an immense
height. They have a tradition that the
country was infested many generations
ago by huge animals that tore down and
rooted up the trees of the nut-pine orch
ards and in other ways made themselves
obnoxious. These animals were of the
size of an elephant or mastodon. The In
dians constantly made war upon them,
and finally the last herd was driven into
Pyramid hike and drowned.
To this day when there Is a heavy storm,
and big, black waves are seen rising and
sinking out toward the center of the lake,
tho Piutes say it is the backs of the great
beasts that were driven into the lake in
the olden time. The many tracks of ele
phants found in the state prison stone
quarry at Carson City would seem to
show that there is some foundation for
the tradition. At the same quarry are
found the tracks of tigers, wolves, deer,
large birds, and also tracks supposed to bo
those of prehistoric man shod in mocca
sins made of uutanuod hide. All these
tracks arc in one stratum, under about
twenty feet of superincumbered rock.?
Dan de Quille in New York Sun.
Manufacture of n Terra Cotta Lumber.
A terra cotta lumber has recently been
added to the list of mineral building
materials. A kaoliuite of good quality is
mixed with sawdust , worked by machinery
into slabs, and is then burned, sawed, and
dressed. It is, in this condition, ready for
market, and is said to be indestructible by
lire, water or gas. It is a poor conductor,
and suffers but Blight expansion or con
traction by changes of temperature. Its
weight is put down at one-half that of
brick. It can be worked with edge tools,
bored, and sawed, and holds nails as
readily as timber. It is also made Into
hollow tile and fireproof casing.?Scehtific
Good Manners of tho Itostonlans.
It is the little courtesies of every-day
life?no matter where (need it be only at
home?), in the streets, the cars, the
churches, the shops, that make a people
delightful and leave an inpre-ss on the
stranger. They say about the Boston!ans
that, there is something about the east
?vsind that demonstrates itself in their ex
terior, and an American lady who had
lived many years in tho south of France,
upon receiving a call from a Bostoninn,
wrote: "The moment he entered I felt the
old Boston east wind in his manner, but
after a while it wore off and he became
quite genial."?Boston Transcript.
T? Distribute Among Ills Constituents.
Each congressman rs entitled to U.ouo
paper packages of vegetable seed, 500 of
flower seed, 300 of tobacco, fifty quarts of
grass, thirty-two of cotton, twenty-eight
of sugar-beet, and twenty each of corn and
sorghum, to distribute among his constitu
STURDY PEOPLE WHO HAVE OVER
. RON SEVEN WESTERN STATES.
They Make Admirable Citizens in Many
Wayn?The Majority Are Farmers
Churches and Newspapers?Peculiari
ties of Swedes and Norwegians.
Neither Jan Printz in his stronghold on
tiie Delaware nor Jan Claudius Kisingh,
the commander of Fort Casimir, had such
strong reasons for calling their settle
ments New Sweden as the people of many
a town in Minnesota have. The immigra
tion to the northwest from Scandinavia has
been enormous. Beginning a few years
befora the war of the rebellion, when
Minnesota was the main hunting ground
of the Sioux Indians, it continued small
and irregular until I860, when it began in
a mighty volume, and since that time it
has continued without serious interrup
tion until now there are in this country
more than 400,000 Swedes and Norwe
gians, the great majority of them being
residents of Minnesota, Dakota, Wiscon
sin, Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska and Kansas.
For forty years previous to the war they
camo at the rate of from 100 to 2,000 a
year. Since the rebeUion as many as 80,
000 of them have arrived In one year. B
linois has 58,000 of them, mostly Swedes,
one-half of the number being in Chicago.
Iowa's 40,000 are about equally divided
between Swedes and Norwegians. Kan
sas has 12,000, principally Swedes, whUe
Nebraska has 12,000, the majority of whom
are of the same nationality. In Wiscon
sin there are 57,000, mostly Norwegians,
which is true also of Dakota's 25,000.
Minnesota heads the list with about 125,
000, most of whom are Norwegians.
LITERALLY TAKEN POSSESSION.
Men of middle age, who remembered
that ns boys the picture in their school
books of "a Norwegian killing a bear" sug
gested a country and a race that were then
as remote from us as the Soudan and the
Soudanese now are, will be amazed at
these figures, but they do not tell the
whole truth. The Scandinavian has liter
ally taken possession of whole counties hi
the northwest, and the civilization which
there obtains Is that of Scandinavia, with
some modifications and improvements,
rather than that of tho United States. In
Minnesota, more than in any other state,
the Swedes and Norwegians have im
pressed themselves upon business, society
and politics. At the last census the na
tive voting population of this state was
88,000, while the foreign-rborn voters num
bered 123,000. In only two other states
does this condition of affairs prevail, viz.:
Nevada and Wisconsin. The foreign-born
voter predominates in every congressional
district In Minnesota, their smallest ma
jority being 3,000 in the First, and the
largest 13,000, in the Third.
In the first place it may be said that as
a body the Scandinavians are industrious,
thrifty, honest, and pious. They are more
clannish than the Germans, and more
docile than tho Irish. The great majority
of them follow agriculture, although there
are many in the pineries, not a few are (if
possible) engaged as sailors on the great
lakes, and several thousands of them are
carpenters and masons. Of a Scandinavian
family every member works. The man
and wife who own and operate a farm in
Minnesota, Iowa, or Wisconsin -will have
daughters at domestic service in some
adjacent city. Thousands of the -best
house servants in Chicago are froci-the
families of Scandinavian farmers in tho
northwest. This industry, the close
economy which is usuaUy practiced by
young and old of both sexes, the absence
of spreeing habits on the part of the men
as a rule, the tendency of aU to attach
themselves to the land, save as they can
better their condition in the cities, and
the kindly and helpful disposition which
they show toward each other, are all hav
ing the effect of lifting these newcomere
to independence and wealth.
TnF.IR CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS.
They have their own churches, mostly
Lutheran, although there are many of the
Methodist and Baptist denominations;
and rlfty newspapers and periodicals,
more than half of which are published in
Chicago in their native tongue, sup
ply tnem with suitable reading. No
Scandinavian community, no matter how
small, Is without is church organization,
and where there is not wealth^nough to
support a clergyman, that functionary
works on week days at the plow, or at tho
bench the same as other people, and pre
pares for his Sunday labors during the
evenings. Singularly undemonstrative,
unobiitrusive, and taciturn, the Scandi
navians, notwithstanding their large
numbers, are not conspicuous. Their go
ings and coming are all cpiiet, their pro
ceedings all orderly. They do not, as a
rule, figure in any organizations outside
tho church. In the cities they are not
turbulent or excitable. If by nny clrmce
during a political campaign a.few scxres j
of them can be persuaded to march iu a I
procession, they are as demure in their de
portment as if they were in attcnlauco at
a funeral. Not given much to hilarity, J
indulging in it in no Sunday parades or !
plcnlas, and caring little for beer, such of
them as have an appetite for intoxicants I
are satisfied with nothing weaker than al
coholic spirits. But the bibulous Scandi
navians must bo comparatively few in
number or else very circumspect when
under the influence of liquor, for the po
lice records have very little to say about
One peculiar thing about these two kin
dred people from the great northern pen
insula of Europe is the sublime contempt
in which the Swedes profess to hold the
Norwegians. Nothing hurts a Swedish
young woman more than to be taken for a
Norwegian, and she is not slow to rebuke
the person so offending. The Swedes
are generally fairer and taUer than the
Norwegians, who are apt to be short,
stooky and swarthy, like many of the
Danes. Swedish girls who have had the
benefits of good home training are highly
prised by American families, and they
master tho English language so easily
that, with their fair hair and complexion,
it is often difficult to recognize that they
are newcomers. What is true of them is
true of members of both races as regards
their lingual accomplishments. A Scandi
navian soon divests himself of every trace
of his own accent, and speaks English as
fluently as anybody with no greater ad
vantages than he. While most members
; uf the race in this country cherish a nat
j und affection for the old country, their un
. emotional natures render them free from
'. a desire to parade their nationalistic pre
judices, and it can not be doubted that
they will be assimilated, in spite of their
clannishness, more readily than the people
of some other nationalities, who bring
their old-conutry pride and prejudices
here with them and transmit them to
their children.?St. Paul "Cor. New York
A two-foot rule: Keep your feet dry.
BILL NYE ON GALILEO.
Bomo Hitherto Unpublished Facts About
This Inventor from Wayback.
Galilei, commonly callod Galileo, was born
at Pisa on tho 14th day of February, 1564,
He was a man who discovered somo of the
fundamental principles underlying the move
ments, habits, and personal peculiarities of
the earth. Ho discovered things with mar
velous fluency. Born, as he was, at a time
when tho rotary motion of the earth was
still in its infancy, and astronomy taught
only iu a crude way, Galileo started in to
make a few discoveries and advance some
theories of which ho was very fond.
He was the son of a musician, and learned
to play several instruments himself, but not
in such n way as to arouse tho jealousy of the
great musicians of his day. They como and
heard him play a few selections, and then
they went homo contented with their own
Galileo played in the band.
At tho age of 20 Galileo began to discover.
His first discoveries were, of course, clumsy
and poorly made, but very soon ho began to
turnout a neat and durablo discovery that
would stand for years.
It was at this timo that Galileo noticed the ?
swinging of a lamp in a church, and, ob
serving that tho oscillations wero of equal
duration, he inferred that this principle
might bo utilized in the exact measurement
of time. From this little accident, years
after, came the clock, one of tho most useful
of man's dumb friends. And yet there are
peoplo who will read this little incident and
still hesitate about going to church.
Galileo also invented tho thermometer, tho
microscope, and tho proportional compass.
He seemed to invent things, not for tho
money to bo obtained in that way, but solely
for tho joy of being first on the ground. He
was n man of infinite genius and persevor
ance. Ho was nlse very fair in his treat
ment of other inventors. Though he did not
personally invent tho rotary motion of tho
earth, ho heartily indorsed it and Baid it was
a good thing. Ho also came out In a card in
which ho said that ho believed it to be a good
thing, and that ho hoped somo day to see it
applied to the other planets.
He was also the inventor of a telescope
that had a magnifying power of thirty times.
Ho presented this to the Venetian senate,
and it was used in making appropriations
for river and harbor improvements.
By telescopic investigation Galileo discov
ered tho presence of microbes in tho moon,
but was unable to do anything for it I
have spoken of Mr. Galileo all tho way
through this article informally, colling him
by his first name, but I foel so thoroughly
acquainted with him, though thore was such
a striking difference in our ages that I am
almost justified in using his given name
while talking of him.
Galileo also sat up nights and visited with
Venus through a long telescopo which ho had
made himself from an old bamboo fishing
But astronomy is a very enervating branch
of scionce, Galileo frequently cargo down
to breakfast with red, heavy eyes, eyes that
wero swollen full of unshed tears. Still he
persevered. Day after day ho worked and
toiled. Year after year he went on with his
task, till he had worked out in his own mind
tho satr'bt ->s of Jupiter and placed a small
tin tag "ch one, so that he would know
it readliy when ho saw it again. Then he
began to look up Saturn's rings and investi
gate tho frecklos on tho sun. Ho did not
stop at trifles, but went bravely on till every
body came for miles around to look at him
and get him to wTite something funny in
their albums. It was not an unusual thing
for Galileo to get up in tho morning, after a
wearisome night with a fretful now-born
star, to find his front yard full of autograph
Galileo's book sold well on the trains.
Galileo was tho author of a little work
called "I Discarsi o Dinias-Trnzioni Mate
maticho Intorus a Due Muovo Scienze," It
was a neat little book, of about tho medium
height, and sold well on the trains, for tho
Pisan newsboys on the cars wero very affa
ble, as they arc now, and when they came
and leaned an armful of these books on a
passenger's leg and poured a long tale into
his ear about the wonderful beauty of the
work and then pulled in the name of the
book from the rear of tho lost car, whore it
had been hanging on behind, the passonger
would most always buy it and enough of the
name to wrap it up in.
Ho also discovered the isochronism of tho
pendulum. Ho Faw that tho pendulum at
certain seasons of the year looked yellow
under the eyes, and that it drooped and did
not enter into its work with the old zest. He
legau to study the case with the aid of his
new bamboo telescope and wicker covered
microscope. As a result, in ten days ho had
the pendulum on its feet again.
Galileo was inclined to bo liberal in his re
ligious views, and more especially iu the
mtit:er nf the Scriptures, claiming that there
were passages iu tLo Bilde which did not lit
erally mean what the translator said they
did. l Iiis was wln'iv Galileo missed it So
lun^ as lie discovered stars find isochrouisms
and such things as that lie succeeded, but
wIm-m Iu? l<egan T<> ton! with other people's
frcligiotts l"dief.? he got into trouble. He was
evil i ISv from I'.sa. ire are loid by the
historian, ;-irl we arc assurwl ;.l the samo
tini.- that Galileo, who had always been far,
f?r ml of nil competitors in olhor things,
was ? qunlly sin cpssful as a fleer.
Galileo received but sixty scudi per year
for his salary at Pisa, and a part of that he
took in*town Orders, worth only sixty cents
en tho scudi ?Rill Nye in Chicago News.
11836111SWIFT'S SPECIFIC. 1111886
A EEMEDY NOT TOE A DAT, BUT POEf
SIS! fiST-HALF A OENTUEY-tKJ ^S?SfS
BELIEVING SuTTEELNG HUMANITY!
AN INTERESTING TREATISE ON BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES SENT
FREE TO ALL APPLICANTS. IT SHOULD BE READ BY EVERYBODY.
ADDRESS THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA.
JOHN C. WHETSTONE,
RQWESVILLE. S. C,
Practical Machinist and Millwright,
THE SMITH IMPROVED GIN, FEEDER AND CONDENSER.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
TAYLOR AND BAY STATE ENGINES, GRIST MILLS, &c.
S7*U'ilI older Machinery of any kind when requested to do so. *
S3P"Rcpairing of all kinds of Machinery a specialty. All orders promptly attended
to. Address as above.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS! HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS!!
SOLUBLE GUANO (highly annnonlatcd.) /
HIGH GRADE RICE FERTILIZER,
James Van Tassel,
CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES,
Wines, Liquors and Segars,
i T MY ESTABLISHMENT CAN BE FOUND ALL THE STANDARD
_ V articles of GROCERIES at Rock Bottom Prices, as well as purest and best
WINES, LIQUORS, &c, s"!d anywhere. A Wo the choicest SEGARS AND TOBACCO
t<> he found hi the market.
UIIi:A LOOttlXG aisoj >!> GIVE iit: a caul.
JAMES VAN TASSEL._
To Hie ft'ublic. *'*or Sale.
,? . : 'thorough h ii e d .11: USEY
ITAKE I'LL AST ht IN AN- 1 calves. Oue vearlinc registered Jer
iioaucing that 1 will run the Ice Busi-jscy jjun, Begislercil Ayrcshhc heifers,
siwa from May 1st, 18SG. Customers please ! .'Several grade heifers as also several Milch
reserve your orders and ohlige, I Cows in milk. Apply to
Yours truly, E. N. CHISOLM,
Jfc?2i> CHARLES V. BRUNSON. Rowesville, S. C.