Newspaper Page Text
DISCUSSION OF THE MERITS OF
Hardships of the Service- on the West
ern Plains?Selection or Gallant Steeds
for Uncle Sam?Kigorous Examination
?The Last Test?Good Memory.
A few days ago a reporter engaged in
con versa lion with a recruiting sergeant in
the United States cavalry service, and in
the course of the chat the officer drifted
into the discussion of the merits of horses
BCvplied to the service and the manner In
whic'i they are furnished to the govern
ment. :*ot long since 300 horses were pur
chased in this city, St. Louis, Chicago and
other large ruL-rcautilo centres for troops
hi the lour big western departments of
the Piait?, Dakota, Missouri and Texas,
in which divisions it is estimated that
three-fourths of the army of our country
"Mo-: of our cavalry horses," said the
recruiting sergeant, "are lost on the plains
in the west No one here east can con
ceive tue rigor of our western military
duties or the hardships t>hey entail for the
soldiers and their beasts. We suppose
that the great west is teeming with ver
dure and forage, whereas the fact is that
in very many tracts of country scouting
parties are compelled to ride for a week or
more, at the rate of perhaps fifty miles a
day, with no grain for their horses and
very little grass by the way. A general
scrutiny of the condemned army horses
would show that their retirement from
tho service is due more to starvation than
anything else. Very often the troopers
horse drops in the ranks from sheer ex
haustion and others are so badly used up
that they never" recover from the priva
tion and fatigue, and are finally con
demned for use In the field and shipped to
recruiting stations, where they answer
much better eveu than green horses for
PHYSICAL QUALIFICATION'S DEMANDED.
"What are the physical qualifications
demanded for the selection of horses for
the cavalry service?"
"Well, in the first place, none but geld
ings ore taken. The government does not
oare for stallions or mares. The animal
submitted for purchase should stand
at least fifteen hands high and
weigh about 900 pounds. He should be
Bhort in the back and also short in the
pastern joints. A long-legged beast with
a badly-shaped head wouldn't pass mus
ter at all. Low withers is one of the most
essential points, because a horse with high
withers is liable to work the saddle for
ward and get sores; and once in that con
dition, he loses ilesh and becomes worth
less. In addition to these specifications,
he must be absolutely free from contracted
hoofs, or he won't pass tho inspection of
"In what manner are horses secured for
the cavalry service?"
"Generally by advertising. The partic
ular c'nss of animals desired is becoming
Scarcer every day. This, I suppose, is due
to the fact that breeders are givlug their
attention to the raising of draught horses
of the Percheron, Norman and similar
stock, which are, of coursa, too slow for
cavalry purposes. It Is a singular fact
that horse dealers, as a rule, consider the
government legitimate prey for all sorts
of imposition. For, instance, at tho last
inspection, ?uly eight out of sixty horses
offered were accepted. Hostlers trotted
the animals' manes and fore tops were
plaited and decorated with strips of red
liannel. Their tails were done up iu com
mon bagging oi so bulgy a shape as to
suggest the probability of their being
about ten feet long. Of course, those dec
orations hud to come off to make sure
that the tails were all there, and that the
manes were of hair instead of oakum
The eyes uf a horse under inspection are
A UIOOROVS EXAMINATION'.
"If lie, in general outline, is regarded as
worthy of consideration at all, he is sub
mitted to a rigorous examination?which
takes tip about a quarter of an hour?all
ovor hi:n from his teeth to his fetlocks and
hooffs. Theu the hostler is directed to
walk the animal up and down the length
of the yard and afterwards to run him us
fast as the beast can go. If his actiou is
easy ho Is ordered 'tied in' for tho final
"The last test is a run up hill for a dis
tance of :.'o.j yards or so to see if his wind
Is goo !. No saddle is used. The hostler
simply mounts ancL, trots to the starting
point, riding back as fast as a liberal ap
plication of cowhide to his beast cun carry
him. if the horse passes this muster he
Is purchased and led to tho blacksmith
shop to be branded. His first decoration
is a big U. S. on the loft shoulder. When
he is detailed to a regiment hois burued
again with, the regimental brand and with
the brand of his company on the left hip.
For more perfect identification he receives
an additional marking on the hoof and is
then r- i iy for business. I know of noth
ing more painful than the branding of a
be.i'i, . .1 1 chink he knows of nothing
more p.iiuful himself. The brands be
conu ? ura iu a few years and are neces
sary 'i-.r.ved. It is n peculiar fact that
whe ? ? ??? ti'uu comes for renewing the
ope:;.:; a nine out of ton animals remem
ber:'.- i i'ious dose, and it is no easy
matter . > rvpcrt it.?New York Mail and
l\ ;..U;>t; k.i>::t; Island Oyster Bods.
Oy&loio ia deep water discharge their
spawn early in August, at which time
they isre poor and unfit to eat. 15y trans
ferring them to shallow water the sun In
duces them to ripen iu July, und conse
quently two or three weeks are gained.
Latut from which oysters hare been
taken for shipping purposes is now being
tfCvared with shells and stones, to which
the young animals alter hatching will nt
lEch th? >-?!'"?> Net until some object
i;- found to winch it may cling does the
oyster commence to form its shell. Plant
ers are tiding every effort to keep in subjec
tion the uineipnl enemy oi their crop, tho
ft: r *V.. Small ?toamers with dredges are
constantly taking ur> thn oysters, and,
after culling out the stars, spiders, nud
I eriwirk! .-. the cleaned oysters are shov
eled ? r tH on ground where no enemy
cri ' '?" '?" ? tin 1 their way to
?'? however, and tho operation
r-'.... uvl rolling hns constantly to
borer iv.j New York Sun.
Pfccif?!?'?? Substitute for Common Words.
TJ ? ''!??? Cons! if.it claims that.
tr.'_- ? in? woro "drug" in "knocked
?O". drug out," peculiar to
Geor. \:;d Tim Indt tnupolis Journal
f''.\ when a Iier says, "the
ceo- ??. o-hind a log lie hx? a sub
stir.:* ? !??:"? wo--.' ?sneaked,'' known
cm-. ' : hks ?New Orleans Times
A STORM IN TEXAS.
One of tho Pleasures of a Sheopherder'?
Ufo?A 3ad Night Oat.
It was in April, and the weather was
stormy, inky-looking clouds were spread
ing across the already leaden sky, and a
few heavy drops of rain warned me that I
must hastily pen my flock of sheep, for it
is almost Impossible to move them during
a heavy rain. I was encamped alone on
Juniper creek and; retiring into my 7 by 7
wedge-shaped tent, I closed it tightly, and
prepared for a sleep. I was very sleeply
from being disturbed the night before by
the constant barking of my dog as he
alternately chased and was chased by a
The place where I was encamped was
open, with no timber save mesquit trees.
Three of these grew at the three corners
of my tent, and by the aid of them and
other trees I had cut and dragged, I
formed a wind break on the east, which
was the bock of my tent, and on the south
side. Having confidence In the wind
break thus constructed, I undressed be
fore lying down, that I might rest more
than I could if I should, as caution sug
gested, lie down prepared for the worst.
The thunder bellowed, the lightning
flashed, and the rain fell In torrents, bat
about two minutes after my head touched
the pillow I was sleeping soundly.
I awoke some time in the night, and
finding the water running into the tent, I
got up to open the ditch with my shovel,
and soon went to sleep again. How long
I slept I do not know, but I awoke to find
the wind had changed from the east to the
Bouth, and the rain, driven with great
force against the side of the tent, fell
through the strained canvass in such quan
tities that I reached for my oil coat and
spread it over mo.
She next insta it the tent was blown
down, and the storm shrieked with a mad
violence that I never before witnessed.
The wind blew in gusts, each gust coming
more lively than the lost, until I felt the
mesquit brush of my wind break pressed
between the growing trees bearing down
upon me; and as the storm increased in
violence, it seemed that I must be swept
The tent being wet, it lay flat and
smooth with the southwest corner peg
still holding. Clutching my bedding and
oil coat tightly, I" braced myself firmly,
and notwithstanding the great protection
the bru?h gave me, It was with th3 great
est difficulty that I could retain my posi
tion. The almost continuous lightning
enabled me to see. With startling rapid
ity the wind whipped round to the north
west, and at the same moment I became
aware that the water had overflowed my
bed, and large hail that would weigh from
three to five ounces began to fall, one
striking mo on the left leg. In great haste
I snatched a thin woolen mattress from
under the wet tent and spread it over me
for protection, my oil coat having been
torn off me with the first change in th? di
rection of the storm. By this time I had
become wet, and the cold north wind
chilled me thoroughly.
Fortunately the storm abated, and my
clothing being saved to me almost by a
miracle, I dressed with wot garments, my
teeth chattering. One step brought me
to where my large provision box had
stood, b at it was vacant, tho box of pro
visions had beon blown away, and bnt
two pieces of it could bo found the next j
day.?Tom Green County (Tex.) Cor. New
Tho Manufacture of "SUck'r Candy^^
The "stick" candy which s^^SSS?f
i nfTrfi<nfca~rt)6fled down with water and a
little cream of tartar to prevent crystal
lization. The mass Is taken In batches of
about fifteen pounds to a marble table,
whore it is kneaded like bread, and the
flavoring and coloring worked in. The
paste then goes to the "pulling hooks,"
where for five or six minutes it is pulled
and twisted. Thence it returns to the
marblo table, kept hot, on which is worked
the candy into its final shape. Stripes are
pressed into the batch, two feet long and
a foot thick, 0 and it is then drawn and
twisted till the proper size of the penny
"stick," the right length of which is
clipped off by huge scissors.?Chicago
Men Who Represented Three States.
Tne only man who has represented three
states in the United States was the late
Gen. James Shields,who was senator from
Illinois, afterward from Minnesota, and
subsequently from Missouri. Matthew
Lyon was tho only man who has been
elected a representative to congress from
three states?first in Vermont, second in
Kentucky and third in Arkansas. He died
August 1, I8&3, before taking his seat as
representative from the latter state.?
How They Build in Italy.
Tho way they build in Italy is indicated
by the following passage from a letter
from Naples: "I looked down from the
balcony of my hotel and watched some
masons at work just across the narrow
Btreet. They were laying outside walls
three feet thick, and walls of two feet be
tween the rooms. The rising structure
seemed to be a jail or a bank. I inquired,
and found it was designed for an elegant
A Report on Railroad Ax los.
A special committee on railroad axles
has reported that iron axles are safer than
steel axles; that all cranks should have
thr webs hooped; that as iron cranks ap
pear to fail after running some 200,000
miles, and steel after 170,600, it is highly
desirable that they should be taken off
and not again used on passenger engines;
and that crank axles, properly construct
ed, are as strong as straight axles.?Chi
They Wore on Excellent Terms.
"Yes," said a barber to his customer,
I "I'm an Italian count. My father i3 the
I Duke Barieclli Muscallonge Garibaldi
j Plaza. I'm his only son?"
"Aren't you and your father on good
j terms?" asked the customer.
I "Oh, yes. In fact I send the old gentle
i man j2 every woek out ol my wages."?
'. New York Sun.
Greatest IMtlletilty In the World.
Two friends meet: "Would you believe
it.1''said one, "I have just come from my
landlord and I had the greatest difficulty
in the world to persuade him to accept a
little money." "Eah! That's nonsense.
And why?" ^"Because ho wanted so much
more, than I offered him."?French Joke.
Toachh.gr Mminers to the Almond-Eyed.
A young woman in Washington is said
to bo making a good living by touching
Ihe young attaches of the Chinese
and Japanese icgutions American small
talk and society manners.?Washington
In the Iis*, of the five largest cities of tho
ivorld, ot. Petersburg t>tauds ladt, and
Pails is not included.
Old papers for sale at tin's oilieo.
TIME FOR THE COUNTRY-.
HOROLOGY AND ITS HUMBLE HOME
AT WASHINGTON OBSERVATORY.
A Room Given Over to Clocks, Tickers
and Telegraphy?Description of the
Principal Time-Pieces and Tholr Ufloa
?The Hack Clock.
The clocks and Instruments used to dis
tribute time are in a very humble
apartment in basement of the univer
sity, the observatory itself being so small
that it would be difficult to got the clocks
into it. Ti.e mean approach to this base
ment scarcely prep-uvs a visitor for the
interesting sight which awaits him. The
room Is just given over to clicks, tickers,
an.i telegraphy. Tue principal clocks are
encased laost carefully and mounted on
pk-rs of solid masonry which absolutely
prevents vibration by coming in contuct
with the earth at their base alone, six or
ei^ht feet below the surface. Of the
three one is kept absolutely correct, while
in the otiier two the errors are allowed to
accumulate and a record of them kept In
the most careful manner. One of these
erratic timepi.'ce* tfot 1-luOuth part of a
second behind one day lust woo* and was
duly recorded, and from the records it
seems that another varied nearly two sec
onds in a who'e year. The error is de
tected by ti very scientific process of star
gazing, described later ou.
The niaguitlcent cluck which registers
standard time is coiisidored as fine ft time
piece as can be made, and comes from the
workshops of Hohwa, of Amsterdam, Hol:
hind, who shares with Frodshom, of Lon
don, England, the reputation of being one
of the two fines: milkers in the world. It
is of course devoid of any ornament, and
Is constructed for pure utility. It stands
about five feet higli and has a seconds
pendulum of thirty-nine inches. It has
the Graham dead-beat movement, and its
face has three dials, one recording the
hours from one to twenty-four, an
other the minutes, and a third the sec
onds. It is the duty of this clock, which
is wound up once u week, to go steadily
on and record the time as accurately as
possible, and as it is never altered any
error is registered against it.- In order to
assist it iu keeping accurate, it is Inclosed
in three uir-tight cases and a thermometer
within the glass fronts of these, records
auy variation from 70 degrees Fah., which
is at once rectified.
WHAT THE OTHSU CLOCKS DO.
The next clock registers sidereal or star
time, which differs considerably from
standard time, iuasmuch as" the sidereal
year contains 31)0 days. Hence this clock
can only agree exactly with its Dutch
neighbor once u your, and now the varia
tion is abum seven hours. It is by E.
Howard & Co., of Boston* aud is not so
neat in appearance as that 3howIng-stand
ard time, though it resembled it in size
and shape. ?
The third clock has more work to do. It
is nlso by Howard, and is know as "No.
225." It. is kept at central or Mississippi
valley moan time, just six hours behind
Greeuwich and forty-nine secondB.before
St. Louis locul time. Unlike the two re
corders of time just referred to, this clock
is kept just right, aud as a matter of
fact it requires very' little regulating. At
times astronomical observations prove It
to be au infinitesimal fructlon of a second
in error, aud thisJsjwjtulml^^mcre^^g
?^S"lic"e"l!Fof the rcgtilation^ctSr^Rer7
the hours running from ono *o twelve
only, and exactly above the flgdro twelve
is a small platinum spring, which pro
jects sufficiently tobe touched by the min
ute hour just as it records tho h,our.
The most hard-workiug clock in the col
lection is tha hack clock, which does the
great bulk of sending out time. Its huge
pendulum beats alternate seconds, the
tick being audible as already explained
both in the observatory and ut various of
fices and stores down town. By its side is
au ordinary seconds pendulum freely and
accurately hung, and which, when set In
motion, runs by force of gravity. It ticks
in exact uuison with the hack clock, but
registers tho seconds only, so that when
at work a double bent is recorded. At
0:5(5 every day the hack clock is put ex
actly right, and a minute later "time" is
culled to all the points taking time at 10.
This preliminary warning having been
given, double beats commence at 9:58, and
continue for 5u seconds, when the circuit
is opened. At 0:5!? the clock begins again
aud sends single beats only for SO seconds,
when the circuit is once more openod, un
til exactly 10, when a single beat is given,
followed by the telegraphic signal, "10 K.
Ob." and the signaling is over.?Globe
A Great Difference in Copyists.
There is a great, difference in copyists,
both in style and swiftness. The uverage
copyist can copy and compare about 0,000
ordinary words pur diem, whilo an extra
rapid one can write 10,000. The 10,000
man, however, is liable to break down il
he tries to hold up to that number for
any length of time. A twelve months'
work, subdivided into months, of the fast
est penman In this office, is as follows:
April, 235,:m; .May, 2(12,105; June, 203,035;
July. 255,825; August, 241,451: September,
23S,222; October, 254,138. November, :M2,
5S7; December, 351,281; January, I7a,531;
February, 207,100, mid March, 205,105,
Total number for the year, 2,910,604.?Dep
uty Recorder in Globe-Democrat.
Drlll-il in the Art of Swimming.
Cavalry regiments in the Prussian army
are being carefully drilled in the art oi
swimming their horses across rivers. At
tho woitl "Dismount!" the soldiers divest
themselves of their clothing, which, with
their weapons. etv\, is placed upon a raft,
which is .swiftly ferried across the river,
while the men take the horses by tin: her.d
with one hand and .swim with the other.
The feai is said to bo performed with the
utmost precision and rapidity, whole regi
ments crossing and recrossing in an as
tonishimdy short time.?Chicago Times.
How the Oiieslloii Was Decided.
Little Johnny, age 5, wns greatly taken
wirh tho circus-posters and begged Ids
papa to fake him to the circus. He could
net no promise from him, however, until,
making n las) beseeching appeal na clcrut
di?y, hi^ fu!h'.!v replied: "Well, Johnny,
we will go down street aud see the tents."
Johnny wn!k?d along with his father,
?nnkb'g eery dubious indeed at such n
scanty privilege, until, glancing up, he re
marked' "Papa I'd much rather pop t!'<
con ten's " That lecided It; Hiev went in
A atlMlnn-iir* Widow's Factotum.
Mrs >.?*rk II ; kins, the :ui!!5or.."-1r:
widow, ha? fur her factotum a young
colored nein, who manages* much of l;ci
bus're?? aad c mducts a part of her corrc
To the Farmers
IN THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS MANY
ENGINES, SAW AND CORN MILLS,
GINS, dec, will be purchased by the people
of this county.
Where will you get them ? ? Wc offer to
you as good ENGINE as can be built in
the United States and a high grade of ma
We have our BRANCH HOUSE in Co
lumbia, and as manufacturers wish to deal
DIRECTLY with our customers.
Consult your interest by writing to us for
TALBOTT & SONS,
V. C. BADHAM, MANAGER.
BRANCH HOUSE, COLUMBIA, S. C.
JSTTRANK M. POOSER is one of our
authorized Salesmen. April 22-4mos
?IS ? Sraerli
We are now prepared to show our Ssock o?
Spring and Summer
WHITE AND FIGURED LAWNS,
-.1. ' i iiiiii Miiii^MrafMrHfiMi j"J
Wc are offering a Bargain in Ladies
Genuine Canton Cape May Hats at 23 cents.
LADIES LINEN COLLARS.
Our STOCK OF SHOES is as complete
as ever, comprising full lines in best makes.
Our stock of Clothing wc are selling otT
at very low figures to close out.
Prices in all departments low down. A
call solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Brunson & Dibble,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
Corner Russell and Market Streets.
I will now devote my entire at
With an experience of ten
years I am in a posltiou to
know what variety of Lamps
to keep on hand that will suit
any purpose and give entire
satisfaction. When in need
of a Burner that will give
you a large brilliant light
eall for "SORENTRUE'S
GUARANTEE". I give full
directions1 how to use it and a
guarantee for a year with
Remember that "FAIR
DEALINGS, LOW PRICES
and BEST QUALITY is my
Motto, and don't forget that
whateyeryou may need In the
way of or for a Lamp you
will be .-uro to get it at
Headquarters for Lamps.
laIA>O.S A.-*5> OKTAVS.
I WANT EVERYBODY TO KNOW
thai 1 lepre-ellt seven leadine PIANO
AND ORGAN FACTORIES and will sell
at Manufacturer's LOWEST CASH OR
1 am prepared to give special induce
ments to long time purchasers.
Any Instrumciil sent on tilteen days
1 will ?positively save every purchaser
frnni ?U> to ?.-,(>. 1?. II. MARCH ANT,
l)RAN('ElilT;(r. s c
At (r. 11. Cornelson's store
J W. IIOWMA.N.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
OltAXGEBURO, S. 0.
A Big Boom
"VTEW "XT ORK C[ T
11.EW I ORK UT
We are now prepared to present to the
public the most complete Stock of
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS
Ever opened in the city, and at the lowest
Also a complete line of
MATTINGS, OIL CLOTHS, SHADES
We have just received a full line of
DRESS FABRICS at from 10 to 25 Cents.
We have just received a full line ol
MUSLINS AND PRINTS at 5 Cents.
Just received 100 pairs of
LADIES' FINE SHOES at from SI to ?3.
Just received 100 pairs
LADIES' SLIPPERS at from $1 to S2.?0.
Just received a line assortment of
MENs' AND BOYS' CLOTHING at t"run
OUR NOTION DEPARTMENT
is complete in every particular.
S?' Call enrly uudsce for yourself as sec
; inn is bcHcviii!!.
New York Store.
Watclmaier ail Jeweller,
Under Times and Democrat Office,
Keeps on hand a fine Stock of
Gold and Silver Watches,
Gold and Silver
Headed Canes, &c.
Also, Musical Instruments, such as
Banjos and Guitars,
And all other goods In this line.
STA largo assortment of 18 carat Plain
Gold Rings always In stock.
ETOoods warranted, and prices low.
FOUND AT LAST. '
A Preparation that will positively cure
that most distressing malady Neuralgia.
"CRUM'S NEURALGIA CURE"
FOR. EXTERNAL USE ONLY*
This is not a cure all hut a Remedy, as
its name indicates, for the cure of Neural
gia in its mildest, as well as its severest
form. It will also relieve Toothache, Head
ache from cold and nervous headache, and
bites and stings of insects.
Tins preparation has never been known
to fail in curing Neuralgia, where the
directions have been faithfully followed;
having been used by Lr. Crum in his prac
tice of Dentistry for several years. For
sale by DR. J. G. WANNAMAKER.
IN MEDICINE QUALITY
?* is ok the
Pure Drugs and Medicines care
fully prepared by experienced hands
at Dr. J. G. Wannamaker's Drug
G. & ?. L. Kerrison,
88 HASEL. STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Black a ml Colored Dress Goods,
LINENS, HOSIERY, &c, &c,
IN LARGE VARIETY.
STAU Orders will receive prompt and
CSrCash orders amounting to ?10 or
over will be delivered in any county free of
charge. C ?fc E. E. Iterrison,
aug201y Charleston, S. C.
HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS
No llnnpK will ?Irr- of COMG, I'.ots or Lcko Fe
ver, II Fonts'* Powders urc used In Um?.
Fontz's Powders will cure awl prevent IIoo Ciiolziia.
Fotit/'s Powder* will prevent Gapes IN Fowxa.
Pouted Powder.* will Increase the quantity of milk
and cream twenty per cent., and make the butter Arm
FoatzU Powders will cure nr prevent tlotost evf.ct
Dwask to whleli Horses and Cattle arc subject.
foutz'8 powdi iis WILf. oivk SATISFACTION.
DAVID E. FOUTZ. Proprietor.
bai-TIM ORE, SID.
For sale by DR. J. G. WANNAMAK
Ice Cream Saloon
WHERE CAN BE FOUND. ICE
V T CREAM, CAKE, PIES, FRUIT and
NUTS of every description.
^.PICNICS and PARTIES furnish
ed Oll .short notice.
VST A call Solicited by
MUS. LUCIET. L. WANNAMAKER,
I. S. Harley,
I Itnssel Street, Aexi to Tent,
OKANiiEliLIit;, S. C,
|\\riIEHE you will lind always on
t t hand, a line line of SEGARS and
TOUACCOS of all grades, GROCERIES,
DRY UOOOS, and GENERAL MER
CHANDISE, at lowest CASH prices.
I "Rcineinbei well, aipl hear in mind,
To save Iwo nickels,will make a dimo."
ARTiST AND MUSIC TEACHER.
i liooMs atMks. I i. E. Glover s RocsK
ounei; o; Doyle and St.
! .i'M!v Sts ' MiANGKI l.'!!<s, S ('
! Wii: Teach Music, Drawina and Paint
Music three lessons per weckgll.Oi).
i Drawing and Painthn;, ?2.00 per month,
j Mav 27