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WORDS TO LITERARY ASPIRANTS.
All the Professions Hindered for Want of
Men to Do tho Work.
Literature, like the ministry, medicine,
the law and all other occupations, is
cramped and hindered for wunt of men to
do the work, not want of work to do.
When people tell you the reverse they
speak that which is not trua If you desire
to test this you ueed only hunt up a first
class editor, reporter, business manager,
foreman of a shop, mechanic or artist in
any branch of industry and try to hire
him. You will find that he is already
hired. He is sober, industrious, capable
and reliable and always in demand. He
sannot get a day's holiday except by coua
tesy of his emyloyer, or of his city, or of
the great general public. But if you need
idlers, shirkers, half-instructed, unambiti
ous and comfort-seeking editors, report
ers, lawyers, doctors and mechanics, apply
anywhere. There are millions of them to
be had at the dropping of a haiulerchiel.
The young literary aspirant is a very,
very curious creature. He knows that if
he wished to become a tinner the master
smith would require him to prove the po3
sesion of a good character and would re
quire him to promise to stay in the shop
/hree years?possibly four?and would,
make him sweep out and bring water and
bnUd fires aU the first year, and let him
learn to black stoves in the intervals. If
he wanted to become a mechanic of
any other kind, he would have to
undergo the same tedious, ?l-paid appren
ticeship. If he wanted to become a lawyer
or a doctor, he would have fifty times
worse, for he would get nothing at all dur
ing his long apprenticeship, and in addi
tion would have to pay a large sura for tu
ition and have the privilego of boarding
and clothing himself. The literary as
pirant knows all this, and yet he has tho
hardihood to present himself for reception
into the literary guild and ask to share its
High honors and emoluments without a
jingle twelvemonth's apprenticeship to
show in excuse for his presumption.
He would smile pleasantly if he were
asked even to make so simple a thing as a
10-cent tin dipper without previous in
struction in the art; but, all green and ig
norant, wordy, pompously assertive, un
jjrammatical, and with a vague, distorted
knowledge of men and tho world, ac
quired in a back country village, he will
serenely take up so dangerous u weapon
is a pen and attack the most formidable
subject that finance, commerce, war or
oolitics can furnish him withal. It would
be laughable if it were not so sad and so
pitiable. The poor fellow would uot in
trude upon the tin-shop without an ap
prenticeship, but is willing to seize and
wield with unpracticed hand an instru
ment which is able- to overthrow dynas
ties, change religions and decree the weal
or woo of nations.?Mark Twain.
* Mun In an Intelligence Otlice.
Of all places in which a man is uncom
fortable, an intelligence office is the one
in which he appears least at ease; but oc
casionally he rises superior to circum
stances aud entertains " his feminine fel
low sufferers by his rebellion against his
appressors. Such a one sat in a South
End office the other day and allowed him
self to be catechised by some fifteen serv
ants, but the sixteenth found her match.
She mado the usual inquiries in order to
assure herself that his home contained all
the luxuries to which she had been accus
tomed, and which her delicate health re
quired, and atlastj said: "I shan't come."
?T was afraid you wouldn't," he answered
pensively, ''but you ought. This house
isn't much, I kuow; but I'm building one
that's to have set tubs, and bells' and an
slevator, and an electric fight, and a
pia' . and a set of parlor furniture iu the
, ><*m, and it would be like your child
hood's home to you, and?I'll let you keep
a pig in it.
She walked out of the office, aud- the
Dther girls were decently respectful for a
few minutes; but a fresh arrival, quite
unaware of his possibilities, soon attacked
him. He answered her also with civility
until her question became impertinent,
and when she said, "Well, I guess I'll
?hire' you. How many have ye in family?"
he answered uEighteen." "Eighteen!" she
gasj-- "And what do ye bes paying a
week?" ?? "$1.50." "Indeed, and Til not go,"
3aid sue; and she also departed, for every
body laughed. "And after all," said a
lady ^hp had seen the whole, "ho found
and engaged a nice girL If a woman had
laid half as much she would have been
* I -
Thought He Knew Better.
pre:-c :ia walked up the depot platform
..'(afternoon and gazed for two or
three uunutes at tho new train signals re
:ently erected on tho south side of tho shed
roof. Then he turned to Officer McElwee
"What's them thiugs forr"
"Why, that jigumerig on too o' that ere
"O, that's to stop trains," replied the
A look of incredulity came mlo the
man's face and he said:
"Can't fool me, mister, with such trash.
Trains stopped here many years before
sich things came around. No man could
stop a train with a piece of board 'way up
there. Stop a train: Hear him talk!"
A.nd the citizen enjoyed a good laugh and
then coming to the subject again ho asked,
'But, mister, what is them things for, any
way. You might as well give it away."
"They are to stop trains with, I tell
vou," reiterated the policeman.
"Do you mean to tell me that a yard
long piece of wood can reach 'way cross
the track and atop a locomoky* Wacher
"It catches on the smoko-sta.-k and puts
an the air brakes," explained a passenger;
?'It's a new faugled invention for stopping
the engine right away."
"I've lived around Chester these fifteen
rears," soliloquized the citizen as lie gazed
with wonder at the shingle, "and I've
never seen 'em obliged to stop trains that
air way."?Chester Times.
As Known Among His Neighbors.
"The R. B. Hayes known in these
parts," said one of the citizens Fremont,
Ohio, recently, "is a benevolent, cultured
and courteous gentleman, heartily in
sympathy with his neighbors, instantly
ready with purse and voice to forward
every wise scheme for advancing the ma
terial interests of the town."
Those Who Leave the Sanctuaries.
A test of the religion of those who leave
the sanctuaries behind them is furnished
by the help they give to the efforts to
make the hot weather bearable to the
sick, the'poor and the children who can
not get away.?Boston Herald.
The artesian wells, it is believed, will
Bome day convert the arid-slaked plains of
Texas into a fruitful region.
Leopold von Ranke had a Rbrary con
taining r.0.000 volumes.
ON THE PLATFQfcM.
HOW TO MAKE CERTAIN THE SUC
CESS OF A LECTURE.
The Audience Room?A Good Th'lng Is
Improved by Being Enjoycwl In :i Goou
Pl:ux!?To ""Work Up" an Audience?
Out of some years of experience I ven
ture a few suggestions that if followed
will euable the hearers to get all the light
and enjoyment contained in any public ad
dress, and thai every time.
. One thing even the most careless will
see: The address that is a signal success
to-night can not be a failure to morrow
night if the conditions, the surroundings
ure the same. Halls, churches, audiences,
expectations change: the language of the
lecture does not materially change, and
only as ho is chilled by empty seats and
the shivers of a cold stove, or opposed by
the echoes, will his delivery change. If it
be clear, charming, thoroughbred ((?-night,
to-morrow night on a platform as cosy and
before as many people, it will not be cold
Having secured a spenker, you will be
hove will please the people, of course you
wish to do all yoti con to help him please.
The tirst question then is that of an audi
ence-room. A frequent mistake at this
point is the dream fhat the larger the
room the more people will attend, the
more money be gained, and the greater
the success every way. Of course you
should know enough of the tamper of your
people to form an idea of the number you
and the speaker together can "draw;1' for
you can count on the fingers of one hand
the American names that, unaided, will
draw a fair house, and those you must pay
into the hundreds to got.
Better choose a room n mtle pinched
than much too large. Overflow the rcgu
I lar seats. 1111 up the aisles, and you lift
your speaker up to a point whereon, if he
be a mental athlete, h<> will lift the people.
There is eloquence Hi a row standing
against the wall. No man ever ad mines
himself or the audience while speaking to
fifty people and ?O? chairs. In the average
town of t.oofi to 3,000 people you do well
when you get 200 to pay their way tti a
locturC: and a smull room will seat that
Having determined how. ..^aU a room
will lit the audience, looktof the room
that has the l>ost reputation for ease in
speaking ami hearing. Where it is hard
speaking it is hard hearing; and you never
thoroughly liked anything you worked
hard to listen to, yet missed parts of it.
Between the hall and the church of
suitable size, etc., always take the church.
It is generally better lighted, seated,
wormed, and ventilated, and infinitely
cleaner, quieter and more in harmony with
right sentiments, even when set to the
music of humor. The average hall has a
high miked stage, with wings and curtains
that check the ijound of the voice, a bare,
dirty floor, hard, soiled roote, dingy walls
and windows, tobacco on the stove and
the stairs paint?d with it. Your minstrel
patrons like to go there, but they don't go
there for the lecture with a moral pur
pose and pay their way; and even when
free they ouly lounge in and out to the an
noyance of all listeners. Your best, cleur
rninded thinkers and workers?your men
and women wi;h whom the good thought
is seed sown in good ground?do not like
to enter such holes up stairs; food for
brain and heart does not relish well there.
A good thing w improved by being en joyed
in ti good place. And the free lecture iu
the down-towt. hall, if it has any delicacy
of wit and sentiment,.is ruined by the con
stant tramp over bare floors by boys and
loungers who can not digest a thought in
public. It Is a mistake to bid for such
there; they must first be trained in the
schools and by conversational inter
To "WORK-VP AS AUDIENCE."
When you want to "work up au audi
ence"' you say: Well, the way to do it is
to work, at least when ou-trance means
money; and often it requires skill to get a
good free house. Having engaged a
speakej begin to build up an interest in
him uud his theme. Get into your local
paper a brief sketch of the speaker, or
vuecdotes, etc., about him, and perhaps
omething about the lecture, its age, num
ber of times given, etc Anything in this
hue that bus the tluvor of ft news item
your Journals commonly will insert with
out charge. Then when you ask the peo
ple to buy tickets the name is fumiliur,
and they more readily respond. Keep the
people awake to the coming lecture as an
important event. Speak of it to all you
meet everywhere, except at a funeral.
Good personal talking is the most paying
advertisement. And yon may be su-re
that the more earnest you are to get nn
audience, the more enthusiastic will peo
ple be to attend.
If it is a lecture chiefly for entertain
ment, an admission fee should be charged:
sad theu to get an nudio?cu, pay ex
penses, and have something left, you must
Bell tickets in advance, and the further
ahead the better, for the ticket-holder be
comes a friend inviting others to attend.
And don't leave the canvassing to chil
dren; they are easily put off. Send out,
by districts or streets, your best-known
and esteemed members?those whose
good will everybody likes to share. The
people you want are the fekinking, read
ing, souls capable of a pleasant evening
at home; and to get them out you must
convince thorn of something good to
cone. Simply the announcement of the
time and place and tho deptieK of tickets
at Smith's store will not so convince them.
That method may do for a mlnsi.rel show,
for tho spirits it caters to don't know how
to be happy at home, but are on the watch
for some clownish evening resort.? James
Clement Ambrose In Inter Ocean.
I The Outfit of a "Gospel "Wagon."
The "gospel wagon" which the Central
Union mission of Washington is usirtg
commends itself as being the outcome of
practical common sense. It is an ordin
ary omnibus and contains a cabinet or
gan, a good choir and sovoral speakers.
Every Sunday afternoon it is driven to re
gions whero tho inhabitants do not often
hear the gospel preached, and religious
services of an interesting character are
Th*? Proik* of Breeding Porchcrons.
A correspondent of Thfc Philadelphia
Inquirer, writing from the tercho. district
in France, sajj that M. Tacheau, tho
largest lr.tfder of Percho'rqs horses, has
made ^,fM3,(w francs in the business in
ten or fltecn years, his profits this year
up to June amounting to ?20,000.?Ex
Stumbling bat boe:i Crom the earliest
period eoueidered amiiwcp. Cicero meu
tioas k among the euporstitlous of his
A lobster and a Dragon.
Lovers of the curious in art will be re
warded by a visit to the Japanese depart
ment of one of our business houses, where
may be seen a couple of pieces of work
manship of the most unique character.
The ones referred to have quite a history
attached thereto. The patient care and
accurate handiwork of the OrienJt has no
. better example than these two pieces of
iron, -which have so remarkably heen
I worked out into representation of a lob
ster and a dragon, that are reproduced in
such perfect manner that one wonders
nior.' and more at the talent of the Japan
ese artist who fashioned them. About
540 years ago a mechanic by the name of
Mio-Chin made a couple of similar pieces
of work. One of them became the prop
J erty of the mikado, the other one of the
, daimios. Both of these august individ
j aals handed them down to his successors,
they" thus passing on as heirlooms until
the then daimiu of twenty-five years ago
sold his to an American merchant now in
New York. Since these pieces were first
I made many attempts have been made to
i copy them but without success.
When Mr. Kusufaro Tanaka was in
Japan three years ago he came across a
very clever mechanic, und he had such
faith in his talent that he employed him
to make the pieces ho now has. Working
steadily for three years he has made just
four pieces?two lobsters and two dragons.
The first Mr. Tanaka sold in New York to
a party there for $000?who in turn sold
them to a Boston merchant and con
noisseur for $1,500. They are exact dupli
cates of the two now here._The peculiarity
of the work is that it was all done in a
similar manner to the Yankee process of
whittling?tlie difference being that the
material operated oa is iron in the one
case and wood in the other. It should be
stated that they are not mere carvings?
the joints are perfectly articulated, with
j the result of making the work more life
like and more wonderful.?St. Paul Pio
Vva 1'icturo of Senatorini 1) ''v.
As I sit here now it is curio;? ? .'.atch
, the actions of some of these senators. Cui
! loin, of Illinois, is playing with a string,
I and Uolph, of Oregon, is tapping his
; knees with his spectacles. Eli Saulsbury,
j as tall us Jack's beanstalk, is walking ,
i about, the chamber with his hands in his
j pockets, and Senator George, of Mlssis
j sippi, has one of the ends of his gold spec
i taclo frame in his right ear, and he is using
this us an ear pick. Henry B. Payne is
picking his teetli with his knife, and as I
look in I note that another senator, who
i has been performing the same operation
I upon his molars, has taken the blade out
of his teeth and is cleaning his finger nails
with it. The knife is often used as a
toothpick by senators, and a half honri
rarely passes when one or more may notl
be seen touching their teeth with the cold
steel of the penknife.
Evarts, when he laughs, looks very much
like the American eagle on a broad grin.
I have noted that Senator Hoar reads a
great deal in the senate chamber, and that
the books often cover several different
languages. Joe Brown, of Georgia, sits
very quietly, and one of ins gestures is
stroking Ins long white beard. Beck, of
Kentucky, is always busy, and Logan now
and then seems to grow a little nervo'ts
and nt such times he keeps his hands or
feet moving, and often walks out into the
cloak room. Gen. Manderson, of Ne
braska, has a way of putting his thumb^
in his vest pockets when ho -walks abcn?
the senate, and Van Wyck is continuously^
moving here and there, now gesturing
violently, and always ready to make a
speech when he sees the government in
danger.?"Carp" m Cleveland Leader. t
Who Sets Fashions for Women.
The Gainsborough hat is again coming
into style. Some four or live years ago It
was quite fashionable, but was driven out
of vouge by the ridicule of the press and
sarcasm of theatre-goers. It disappeared
from street and parquet for a time, but
has become again the rage. The other j
day during a brief interval of suushine a I
lady wearing a Gainsborough nearly
three feet in diameter walked on the west
side of State street, from Lake to Adams.
She was stared at by 10,000 curious eyes,
and was the object of 1,000 remarks rang
ing from sarcasm to wonder. She did not
seem to mind it, but strolled leisurely j
along with her parasol at an angle of 45
degrees, and hummed un air from the
"Mikado." She was In no hurry, but
stopped at every other shop window and
gazed therein. She had not waUced a i
block before the universal feminine com- |
ment was: "The Gainsboroughs are com
ing In again." And so^ they are if that
lady is as good an advertisement as she
has been in the past. She is under salary
from a millinery firm on Wabash avenue,
and I have seen her walk more than one
article of head dress into popularity in the
self-same way.?Chicago News.
The Toothpick and the Tcoth.
The toothpick is an important instru
ment in taking proper care of the teeth;
it should be brought into requisition after
each meal, and a thorough use made of it
in removing all particles of food or other
foreign substances which may be lodged
between them. The best tookpick yet in
vented is a quill from the wing of a goose,
sharpened so as to readily pass between
each tooth and its neighbor. The vigilant
and thorough use of this simple little in
strument would almost insure an average
set of teeth from the ravages of decay.
Too much importance has been laid upon
tooth-powders and washes; most of them
are harndess'and some beneficial. Precipi
tate chalk is the principal ingredient of
nearly all tbe powders and tablets in the
market, and is measurably beneficial.? Dr.
S. H. King in Western Journal ofHenlth.
Servants in Washington City.
Of course, in this city of cheap house
rents, you would suppose that housekeep
ing would be a pleasant and easy matter,
as help gets only an average of $12 a
month. From persoual experience I can
say that nowhere in the country is it so
ditlicult to get good servants as it is here.
The best help is black. There is plenty of
It, but very little of it is good. All the
women are ??ladies," and I know of one
housekeeper who lost'her cook and wash
erwoman two days ago In this wise: She
wanted an extra woman for some pur
pose and spoke to her cook on the subject.
Dinah said she could recommend "a lady"
who would answer. The housekeeper said
she did not want "a lady," but a "woman"
who could scrub floors, lift bundles, and I
generally help in spring cleaning. Tho
cook flared up, declared that black ludies
are as good as white ladies, threatened to .
have the lady of the house "boycotted," '
and left, taking the washerwoman along
with her.- Cor. Rochester Union
Gen. Logan's Great Kl.uk liagle.
Mrs. Gen. Logan, at the suggestion of
Bancroft, the historian, hus named the
great black eagle, recently sent to the gen
eral from Tennessee, by the appropri
ate title of. "Old Hickory."?Chicago Jour*
THE TEA POT.
Peter C. Brimson
Announces that hi- has opened the
TEA POT UNDER WAY'S HALL,
And invites an inspection of GOODS ami PRICES.
I have determined to start out by giving the BEST .VALUE for the
LEAST MONEY. Anything in the Eating Line, from the fresh Teas
to a pound of Flour will be sold at the Smallest Possible -Margin. You
will certainly get fresh Goods und Guaranteed at Lowest Prices.
Be .sure to cull on me when you want Groceries, and 3-011 will save
AUG. 1. 18<JC.
PETER O. BRUNSON.
UNDER WAYS IIALL
NEWLY FITTED UP
OPPOSITE THE TENT.
N 0 TIC E.
We ilu not propose t?> undersell
everyone else, l>nt we arc ready tri
meet lair competition. Our .Stock is
I now complete; give us a call
I Mr. I. S. CUM .MINGS is with us,
I and will lie glad 1 *? see his old friends
j and customers.
1 We sell the. ROYAL 'ST. .101 IN
Machines of all inakeg repaired.
Large Wogoa Van' in rear of
V0SE& SALLE Y.
HAMILTON'S LYSIUA.YCK AGK.XCY
Executive Deiwiitment. ?
( Office of Comitiiolleh Genekai., >
Coi.?MJUA, S. C, April 1. 1SS0. )
t certify that Mr. John A. Hamilton, of
A Oranseburg, S. 0., Agent of the NORTH
BRITISH and MERCANTILE, QUEEN
Insurance Companies of North America,
WESTE1! N ASSU KA N CK, FACTOR'S and
TRADER'S, PE1CAN and ROM IS INSUR
ANCE COMPANIES, has complied
with the requislitions of the Act oftltc
Uencrai Assembly entitled An Act to regu
late the Agencies of Insurance Companies
not incorporated in the Stale of Snath Caro
lina, and 1 hereby license the said JOUN
A. HAMILTON Agent aforesaid, to take
risk.; and transact all business of insurance
iu this State in the County of Oraugcburg
for and in behalf of said Couioanics. Ex
pires March 31st, I?S7. W. E. STONE Y,
is NOW APPROACHING IN
1 earnest, and I wish to inform you that
the Emporium of Fashion is the place to
secure Clothing for hot weather, you will
find hi stock. Blue and lllaek Serge Suits
and Drap D'ete. Just what is needed to
keep cool and comfortable. Besides these
thin suits 1 have a full a>sortinenl of Seer
sucker Coals and Vests of all the latest
patterns and in all sizes from si. 7.1 to ?7.0u.
Black Aliipacaand Silk Serge Coats in all
sizes, including Extra Sizes, als?) Gents
Underwear of India Gauze, Lisle Thread
and Balhriue.nii. .In-! what von need (his
i will give to every cash purchaser (o the
amount of gl0 or over, a SOLID SILVER
NICK LH STEM WINDING WATER
BURY WATCH, a perfect timepiece and
of the new series, (leutlenien wishing to
secure one of llieec watches had better
make, their purchases at unco a~. the num
ber of watches are limited.
ItESI'ECTFL'LI A ,
M. L. KIN ARD,
COLUMBIA S. < .
ONE s.VW MILL Ol I M 1 t O.M
plete and ill perfect order, viz : One
THIRTY HOUSE BOILER, One TWEN
TY-FIVE UORSE ENGINE, One SAW
MILL with 33 feet Carriage. Also, all
Tools necessary, has been used only one
year. Also, olio NEW IU HUKsL AMES
UPRIGHT BOILER, one SEVEN HORSE
ENGINE. Apply to
May 27-amos. GEO. 11. CORNKLSON.
1 m f? TT pOKSKLSON. ?83/?
1886 VTo XI. l^ORNELSOJL lfcS?
OUR rNCREASE [N TRADE PROVES
j wr\ conclusive!;, thai nur GOODS sire
FIRS*T-< LASS il ??. Iielug sj-old
CLOSE, or they would not be
sold so rapidly.
You will find the prettiest ami host selected
STOCK OF DRESS GOODCJ
TOOK OF DRESS GOODU
With TRIMMINGS to match in this mar
It is useless to call over the different
kinds. A visit to
/ IOR.N'ELSON'0 -MAMMOTH STOitTT?
l/ORXELSOX'S MAMMOTH STORH*
w ill prove the assertion.
I HE N< >TI< >N DEl'ARTMEN'l
is complete ami \vc defy any house in .the
Stale to i nderscll us.
PARASOLS, Ac, &c,
Are specialties with .us.
it is an established fact that CORNEL
SON'S is the place to buy your SHOES as
he keeps the largest Stock to select from.
Among them you will find the celebrate I
Zeigler's Fine Shoes
For Ladies, Misses, Children and Roys.
Other Makes for Ladies,
lie also keeps BANNISTER, and TA i -
LOR and CARR'S, CELEBRATED
IIA N D SEWED AND MACHINE SHOES
for gents in any style. He warrants every
pair or money refunded. In fact every
pair that leaves his Store, matters not of
whose make, as we only deal with first
class houses, who are willing to stand by us.
We lead in
VIIE < LOT II I X? IttJSirVKriS.
We have a large and fresh stock of the
latest styles and Patterns, all uf winch
were selected with cure. 1; j oil need any
thing like Cl<?;!:?!:?.'. v!?!lg "'kh the prettiest
Stock n| HA'Js ever brought here. .Call
at CORNELSON'S ami you will never ie
such a- Neekw<;ar, Jewelry, Collars,
Drawer-. Undershirts and the e N-bnitcd
"Pearl Shirt, : are leader- al I OR NEL
Iti'iuember ('OUNEl^ON i< beail -pinr
ters for FURNl'l L'RE.
If you wan: HARDWARE, ivineuibei
a) n iRNELS' ?>": is the nl ?-. in i r.vn
where yon can supply evcrj need and
priei > guarai tin I.
The Ih'M FLOUR, I1ACON, LARD,
CANNED HOODS, SUGARS, HAMS,
FINE TEAS, JAY V ? \<< I'EAI'ERRY
ami KOASTKD < OFFLLs, IOBACCOS
and everything in '.he Grocer; lim ".:
Charleston ipiol itioiiv m be :. ui il i '??!:
UORNELSON'S DOMESTIC <tOUK
hvnrtli Inokim: at
lj you need aiiymmg m HARNE-V? or
SA DDLE Ii \ Ii.all on us
1 guarantee every sale made, i oidj uu
| ploj lir.-d class men, who will . eise my e^s
I turners as tie.) ahm,id uv.
GEG. H. GOBIILSOI.