Newspaper Page Text
OLDEN TIME CHIMNEY SWEEPING.
How It W.-vi Carried on Forty Years
Ago?Talk With a Sweep.
"Chimney sweeps long since found their
occupations gone," said a dealer in fur
naces, who makes a speeiulty of the cleun
ing of moderized chimneys, to a reporter.
"Over forty years ago the trade of chim
ney sweep was a good paying one. At that
time nothing but soft coal and wood was
bnrp'H Th?? chimney* wre theo tmide
largt! enough to allow the passage of a
man's body. But few chimneys are now
made over two feet square. Chimneys are
now cleaned by the mennsof huge brushes
< which reach from kitchen to roof. .Many
tenants believe they suffer from smoke
caused by defective lines, when the real
cause is? clogged chimney. Hard coal
makes little else than dust, but if a chim
ney is uiicleaned for many years the accu
mulated dust drops down and interferes
with the burning of the lire. Prices paid
for clea'iinir chimnevs are much smaller
than in former years. Formerly %? was
charged Now the work is done for half
Chimney sweepiug forty years ago was
monopolized by the colored people, who
made it a fine art. The manner in which
a chimney sweep heralded his approach
was novel. Sometimes, if the block was
short, he would commenco to sing in alow
tone which iucreased with every step, and
when the end of the block was reached he
would break out iu a volume of sound.
good voices, and their singing was greatly
appreciated by the children along thoir
routes. This class ha3 wholly disap
earned their livelihoods as chimney
sweeps have engaged in other lines of
The reporter called on an aged colored
man recently, who many years ago car
ried on the trade of chimney sweep in this
city. He has ciranged his occupation to
that of white washing. lie said:
"Chimney sweepiug is played out.
When I started in the busiuess nearly
fifty years ago a good sweep could make
$?10 and $15 a day. The kiud of fuel used
nowadays and the size of the chimneys
has ruined the busiuess. Before the use
of hard coal became general chimneys
were so arranged that they might be eas
ily cleaned. Steps were made upon
which the sweep might stand while per
forming his work. I narrowly escaped
death many times while at work. Once I
we* i<p<'ci?','*,it0d. down a pV,ir,inf>v of fifty
feel. Al'ter bouncing from side to sine i
reached the bottom with a contused body
and a broken leg. In the olden time fire
places and chimneys were used as a hid
ing place for valuables.?Brooklyn Eagle.
'i in- Iti.sks a Joekey Kuiih.
Ike Murphy, the jockey, who in the esti
mation of those Avho have won money on
his mounts is a bigger man than old "Any
body;" is generally regarded as a very
fortunate individual indeed. Lucky Bald
will is to give him $10,000 next year, and
in addition to that comfortable sum,
which is almost equal to the average in
come of a newspaper reporter, he can sell
his services to uny other horseman when
they are not needed by Mr. Baldwin. No
doubt his regular income will be at least
$1,000 for every thirty days in the year,
and to this amount may be added the
winnings he is sure to earn through his
command of reliable "tips." But there is
another side to the picture that is not so
In addition to the constant perils of the
race course and the liability to accident,
Murphy is bartering ten to a dozen years
of his life for tne princely income he is re
ceiving. In order to ride ho is obliged to
keep his weight at least twenty-five
pounds below what he wouldnow register
if in a normal and healthy condition. In
order to keep himself in trim he is obliged
to subject himself to exhausting swu-ats
and deny himself much that would con
tribute to health and long life. Jockeys
are generally short lived if they continue
in the business much beyond the period of
youth. "I'was ever thus?there is no rose
without a thorn, and those who dance
mutt whack up when the fiddler brings iu
his bhU.?Chicago Herald.
The Western Cattle-Ilalsing Industry. ~*
The inducement to engage in cattle-rais
ing in this country several years ago was
so great, says The Chicago Times, that
eleven companies, with a capital of $20,
000 non. xvprf? orenrdznd in Orent Britain
They now own t>72,013 head of cattle, and
lease or own 3,319,072 acres of grazing land
in the west. In 1853 one of these compa
nies paid dividends amounting to 20)4 per
cent., but for two years past they have
paid only 10 per cent. The rate of return
is now very low, and the whole business
seems to have suffered a serious deteriora
tion. Ol nine of these British-American
companies in 1S85, one paid 7 per cent.,
one (J, two 5, one 4, and four paid nothing
at all. Last year there were nearly 50,
000,000 head of cattle in the country, and
of these British companies owned only
672,013, as noted above. The reasons for
decline in profits is part due to the action
r?f ?>.<. ^n.rl.Unl irko nWiimil ivnipn to
vacate public lands and pay for their
grass. Besides, in the year 1885 the yield
of calves was behind that of the year be
fore. The chief reason for the decline in
dividends is the smoller selling price of
steers, the falling of! reaching in some
cases $0.00 a head. Tho immense profits
made at first invited excessive coinnoti
tion, which cut down prices and profits.?
Comjue:;ts by Cohl-I-uuil Nation?.
The learned editor of The Progreso pre
dicts that if the "United States of South
Ji>Tvir.riro" ?Tifvnld "vnr lmpnipp ^ frier tl)f>
consolidation will be effected by a north
ward conquest under the hegemony of
Chili or the Argentine Pepublic. "The
political nisiory oi manaiud, says he, ia
nothinc but a record of conquests by cold
land nations (uaciones tlerra fria) of their
warm land neighbors. Jforlh of tho etpia
tor Norsemen buBy the children of the
sunny south: south of the equator the
bullies of Chili knock down the children
of the suntiy north. It is a law of nature,
just as much as the repression of equa
torial by polar air-currents. Rome would
have beaten Carthage with or without tiie
Sclpios. The Gothic giants would have
smashed the civilization of Rome with or
without an Alaric. Cyrus, Alexander,
King Frederick, Ulysses Grant and the
Chilian trlgadisi-i were but the mfdl iton
of inevitable events. From both poles the
march of conquest moves toward the
pon'itnr.? Dr. Felix L. Ckwpld.
The " Thirteen " Suporstltiou Exploded.
Mme. Patti-Nicolini and twelve guests
survived the year following. The Uuited
States of America, composed originally of
Imrieuii ?tal?s, nui vn*y uiu uuv^u Ltmcva
?**t+Vt(vi ? Toor frnrr, tTlfitr /^oflnr'itinn tn
dependence, but soon formed a more per
fect union, and have preserved it against
the most formidable rebellion recorded in
history.?New York Herald.
A PUBLIC INSANE ASYLUM.
An Ex-Patlcnt's Word* of Warning?
How to Avoid aiental Dltieaitc.
I would earnestly entreat the relatives
and friends of lunatics never to put thein
in an asylum if there is the slightest ho;>e
of their recovery. In these institutions
everything is against their improvement
?the associations for one thing. Imagine
a consumptive, for instance, shut up with
fifty other consumptives; the sympathetic
action wotfld certainty inci".;*y?v the vio
Ience of his disease and retard its cure
Tlie same thing is true of mental disease-?.
Again, a person is taken from a home
where he has delicate food on a table fur
nished with respectable, for want of n
better word I will say, furniture, clean
cloth, dainty dishes, glassware, etc. There
he must cat off a bare plank, with iii
tasting knives and spoons, made of pewter,
while all his food is mixed together on one
p'.uto. All around him are his fellow luna
tics, eating like hogs with their fingers
and muttering to themselves. The keep
ers meanwhile are cursing and swearing
or throwing potatoes at the men for a
joke. Your appetite is destroyed, and the
little food you manage to force down is
not digested and barely suffices to keep
body and soul together. I have no special
fault to llnd with the quantity or quality
of my food, although I was never able :n
cut the beefsteak, ami as for the tea im.l
coffee?well the paupers hud enough to
eat such as it was.
Finally the patients In nsvlnms nre nl
( ways more or less cruelly treated. The
medical attention is purely perfunctory
and all the officials are indifferent to every
to see poor human nature at its worst
spend three months In u madhouse. If
you want to realize the value of money
and what It can do for you live in a public
insane asylum. I've been a miser ever
since I left it. A good private nurse and
| a skillful doctor can often restore a pa
tient to reason who would never recover
if placed.in an asylum.
A. word or two to individuals suffering
from nervousness, n mild form of insanity,
and which is always liable to develop into
a serious mental disease. Never, under
any circumstances, use either liquor or
tobacco: the fewer drugs, the better. All
these things render the nerves more sen
sitive and I can say from bitter experience
do far more harm than good. Avoid
anodynes as you would poison. Von bad
better lie pwake all night than suffer
from the effects that invariably follow
eise?violent exercise is very injurious?
and suitable employment are the reme
dies that will alleviate this disease. Don't
think about yourself; get outside of your
self as much 'OS possible. I accomplish
this by frequenting places of amusement
and losing self in the woes of the hero. I
forget myself and my troubles, most of
which are equally fanciful. But the best
of all specifics is music, which acts like a
charm to soothe the aching and feverish
nerves. Make up your mind to avoid
everything that injures you, screwing
your courage up to the sticking place,
bearing always in your mind the mad
house. If you do not exert your will
power, Its doors may close on you, per
haps for life.?Maqnes" in Brooklyn Eagle.
"JLlvo" Ivory mitten from "Deed."
"That knife handle Is worth twice as
much as the other," said an ivory dealer
to a reporter, as he pointed out two hand
some knives in a case. They looked ex
actly alike, so the reporter asked in what
the difference lay.
"Well, one handle is formed of live ivory
and the other of dead," replied the mer
chant. "By live ivory I mean ivory taken
from an animal recently killed. That sort,
of ivory is expensive, because it is hard to
get. It is strong, because there is life in
it, and It Is used for the handles of the
best knives, and where dead ivory c;.u:.l
not be used. When an elephant loses a
tusk that tusk becomes what we call dead
ivory. He sheds the tusk, and it has ro
strength in It. It is brittle and breaks
easily, and can only be used for the
handles of pocket knives, or in other
forms where the ends are protected. If
they were not, the ivory would split and
crack in a very short time. The ivory
taken from the tusks of the antediluvian
mammoths buried in the soil of Siberia is,
of course, all dead ivory. Its iwes are,
therefore, limited. If you ever want
to buy any ivory goods, bo sure to ascer
tnin Yt*!:?ther It Is 1!?? ?r d2ad**"ar~
fore purchasing. If the former it Is
strong and durable; if the latter, it is brit
tle and liable to crack, even where fast
"The same rule npplies to the horn.
Deerhorn and buckhorn, so commonly
used, especially In the handles of pocket
knives, is much of It mado from the horns
shed by the deer, and of little value. The
live horn Is more expensive.?New York
A Jockey Winning a Knee.
Oue who was close to the rails on the
Derby day seems to have been an observ
ant man for he describes his impression
shot by: "To some extent," he says, "ho
has a countenance peculiarly suited for
the expression of pain or anxiety. The
short upper lip displays nearly all bis
teeth, and the face, long and thin, with
high check bones and yellow asheu com
plexlou, suggests a grim likeness to a
death'.; head. Just as ha passed be was
still fighting for the race, and indeed one
horse was in trout of him, but it was the
hor.-c Immediately behind Lim that; eemcd
to trouble him. He was looking around
at this horse, and, heavens, what a look!
It was like that of a man about to b
Imaged; a dueilist lighting wan a loa
at once feared and hated, a man, in short,
in any position of awful strain, with the
c mplex emotions cf t**T? hop and r
solve. It was all the observation of a.sec
ond, but it brought home to tiie mind tie
abysmal depths of life or death, exultant
joy or horrible despair, that underlie the
gayety ami*the blare, the bright dresses,
the smiling women, the popping of cham
pagne bottles, and the vacuous noises of
the Epsom race course."?London Detter.
The Mnnufiictnrc or Itasu Ball*.
Mr. S. W. Brock, a veteran authority
on the subject, said: "People have the
idea that the base ball business does not
amount to anything. Why, i remember
ihi?t thus** who Ktn**t*Hl to ;ro into it a fi-w
mouths ago were hooted at as throwing
their time and money away. They wen;
told that there were not enough lese tolls
- i.t .<- *i -.Uki .1 e v
But you may be surprised to know it, yet
it is a fact, that one house alone in this
-J... ? , . ? 1.'..nm ? -r ?-A 'V..-.1, .. .... ... :.
making nothing else."?New York Mail
Witttn n " Hitrrirton and Tyler" Hudici-. I
.I UugC blOVUli, oa AlCUUIflC, Ua., Was 11
delegate to the Whig nutional convention
of 1S40, and still wears his "Harrison and
Tyler-' campaign badge.
AN ANCIENT SALEM INDUSTRY.
The Process of Making: Hides fata
Lenthe*?Opcrntlons in Detail.
Yean ago tanning was done in tan
yards- not under cover, bo that the men
were exposed to the weather, however In
clement. Now, rough wooden sheds arc
erected over tan vats. The time required
to make leather out of raw hides is from
f<mr to six months. The hides come to
S dem by rail, and now spur tracks take
1: cm to the very door ot tue tannery.
Some hides from China, Which your cor
respondent saw in one shop, wer? done up
in bundles of 120, each weighing about 19
?pounds, making a bundle of 1,410 pounds.
These hides measure fourteen or fifteen
feet, while an ordinary American hide
covers an urea of seventeen or eighteen
feet. They were dried and pressed into
bundles and bound with ropes before
shipment. These hides are first put into
a soak of clear sea w;;tcr, and remain six
or seven days, when they are taken out
mid put Into thcJ lime vats filled ivith Ilms
water. There they remain from six to
ten days. They are then taken out and
uuhaired and green shaven, the hairs be
in^ scraped ofi on one side and an/ parti
cles of fle>h removed from the other, side.
The next course is to put the hides into
the drenches and then mill them to soften
them. After being thoroughly rinsed in
clean water, they are "put into the bark,"
that is, put into a vat where there Is a
strong liquor made from bark, with
j,..r..,.?i y-.rfi C7*rfa?Fle<3 IW'-mr. t>prh
layer. Sixteen days here fit them to be be
brought out and laid away for 30 days,
after which they are split, shaved and
to split it from one side to the other, but
to take oft a small piece weighing from
one to two pounds, about in the centre.
Tins sjilit is eventually curried like other
leather, and is used largely for backs of
shoes. Splitting is done by machinery,
a:.d ii a voiy dangerous business. Every
few weeks the press records ri smashed
d ? r broken arm from the use of this
machine. After splitting, the Idle gees
through the bark liquor once more, re
maining this time but a few minutes,
when it Is again laid away for thirty days,
at the end of which time it is put into tho
tnn vat and remains ten or twelve days.
This i< the end of the tunning process,
nud when the hides come out of the bark
liquor this time they go into the currying
j Curring is an entirely distinct business
I from tannins, ?ud few men who learn one
paii kjl Luv uUaiiiCdS dCA ttiiun ?.... *-*".??
about the other. The manufacturers
mostly run only one business, although
now and then a man tans and finishes
leather both. In the large majority of
cases, one firm takes the hides into its
yards and tans them, and another firm
takes them and curries them into leather.
Not all tanners and curriers own tho
hides which they put into leather. Very
frequently they do the work for other par
Tanning leather Is a very dirty and un
savory business, but probably not un
healthy, and those who have worked at
it A long time say they are not troubled
by the smells. But this seems almost in
credible to one who goes among the vats
and beam houses for the first time and
sniffs the odors from the old hides, the
fumes from the luu vats aud lime holes
and the general waste and decay.?Salem
(Mass.) Cor. Boston Herald.
Editor Childs' Stablos.
"A merciful man is merciful _ta-. his
beasts." Mr. Childs is a merciful man.
That goes withont saying, but 2 will say
it nevertheless. His stable is lurge, line
and fitted with every comfort for horse
and convenience for attendants. It has
nunc of the brass-mounted frippery or
nonscme that made me think, when I vis
ited Frank Worth's equine palace in New
Yorjc, liiat there ought to be a law ?.?? pre
vent men wasting money in such a man
ner. Mr. Childs' stable is not only com
fortable ana convenient, but It is aLio
architecturally beautiful and in harmony
with the house of which it is so necessary
on adjunct. The stable for his Jersey cows
is plain, but fitted with every comfort de
sirable for the beautiful animals. What
a blessing it would be if all dairymen
were to have their kine as clean and us
well kept a-s his la.
There Is plenty of running water at
Wootlon. A little creek is being trainen
at present to run with multifarious water
iulla. xio itmOi la Ukuuieii ill uutilj ?Vuya
and cools the milk In the mo?>t perfect
spring house I ever saw. The troxtgh in
which tlie wnter runs around the milk
vessels is of white glazed tile and the
water flows through it as clear ns crystal.
The interior of the building itself is ol
white flint and I never saw anything
cleaner or sweeter looking.?Cor. Phila
He Found Hin Heart.
"I remember," said an old phyei
cian, "a man who in the forty or fifty years
of his hard-working but prosperous life
had never giyeu place to a tender senti
ment. Children had come to him nnd
gone, ami ms eyes nau never uoeu wet witn
a man's tears, but when four of his group
of stalwart boys went away to the army
that mun found his heart. When these
boys In their make-believe indifference
and their affectation of jollity came to
shake tho old man's hand they were sur
prised to see tears running down his
clucks, nud in many a trying ordeal tuey
remembered that old man's face. From
that day he grew in tact and tenderness,
and lived in his declining years the emo
tional life that should have come to him as
a boy aud young man. Tho whole country
?tpw wfwi<iprfiill-y during th" war. I do
not mean in prosperity, but iu emotional
feeling."?Inter Ocean "Curbstone Cray
Woman on the Witness Stand.
A woman on the witness stand in a di
vn??! c.??(? in which she is the plaintiff, as
a rule seems incapable of making out a
very dark wise against her faithless lord.
Whether It is pity for him that moves her
heart or an inability to express herself
that leads to this result is hard to say.
Perhaps tho two qualities arc mixed, but
at any rate the female plaintiff generally
depends upon her witnesses to relate tho
blackest features of her case.?-Pioneer
Preferred It In Hook Form.
"There is a man, .Mr. Spicer," said a pi
azza promenader, indicating an untiring
conversationalist who was wearying the
cl...i o. fj.tiXIii i?c(i?*a, '>.'.*.* ,i vi.
Information, a perfect encyclopedia."
Waiting until out- of earshot, wary Seth
"Yes, I know he is, but I prefer the en
cyclopedia in book form. Van can shut
...a. i.p, fc. u.i. ., . -.#.ii
The Rev. Dr. W.iyiand Hoyt, of Phila
delphia, has gone for a bicycle tour of
"?'A EEMEDY NOT POE A DAY, BUT POET
m~ HALT A OENTiraP-fc?
BELIEVING SUFFEELNG HUMANITY!
?5 AN INTERESTING TREATISE ON BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES SENT
FREE JO all APPLICANTS. IT SHOULD BE READ BY EVERYBODY.
ADDRESS THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA.
Wniiisutta or New York .Mills Mus
lin xt 11?I I fie liest 2200 power Loom
Linen. Tliey have four-ply raised
oiigr Linen fronts, Linen line-! put
out reinforced I nicks, four-ply neck
bunt's with hnml-madc buttonholes
ami continuous tarings in buck ami
."Warranted and for sale bv
GEO. IL COR NELSON.
JOHN C. WHETSTONE,
ROWESVILLE. S. C,
Practical Machinist and Millwright,
THE^TH IMPROVED GIN, FEED?]?? AM) COVDENSEK.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
TAY LOU AND BAY STATE ENGINES, GRIST MILLS, &e.
fejjTWill order Machinery of any kind when requested to do so.
SSTRepalring of all kinds of Machinery a specialty. All orders .promptly attended
to. Address as above.
?tti T^n? no \/ Q-p ' S ?1 C?C2/ia
Ii FAMILY GROCE
Wines, Liquors an? Segars,
\ T MY ESTABLISILMEXT CAN BE FOUND ALL THE STANDARD
WINKS, i,P^'01^\1^(^/M.^V!oly'\\hen?.,> Also il'ic ciioieesi SEGARS AND I < ( < <??
to lie found in the market.
JAMES VAN TASSEL.
Tom.- I'ahiic. II.AlLTO.VS IXSHUME AGENCY
T A K E I'L K A SC i! K I X A X
nouiieing that 1 will run the
Ixklttivk I >k".\i:tmk.v.v.
Bltsi- ' r..\r.iiinr. it. .-. i. j .nr..-. ;. ^
lies, from Mav 1st, issii. Customers please I OKKtCKOK COMITUOI.I.KIlGKNKItAI., ?
reserve yon. orders and oblige. . CiilA'MBIA. S </.. April 1. I?SU )
Yours trnlv. f certify that Mr. John A. Hamilton,o|
Jan-* CllAi:Lfc.S 1\ idtl\\><?N. 1 ?':?...._: ?tuA, . ;;.t;;
-?-.-V- .TV- |. j BRITISH ami MEKCAMTLE, QUEEN
??or: .no. Insurance Companies of North America,
TM|(il:t"ir< II I: I' F 1) .1 KKS KY! WFSTKL'X VSSCRAXI-'E FACTOR'S awl
? Calves. One yearling rcgisleroU .lei- I ii.iur.iii r.i> .i.N ami ii> ?.u ??? L?Si i.
Miy Bull. Kcui-te'ied Ayreshire heifers, j ANCE COMPANIES, has complied
Several grade heifers as also several Mi Mi with the reqiii.-titioiis of the Ael of the
'E. X. ClHSOLM,
llowesvilie, S. ''
late the Agencies of Insurance Companies
not incorporated in the State of South Curo
Ii. H. .MOSS. I . O. I'A.s w.l.l-.li
YS <)ss cv DAXTZLKR.
I A. HAMILTON Agent aforesaid, to take
, i lsi.s aial U .ili-.i'i an o i-on - ? ?', o..s.mi
i in this State in the County of Oraiigcbiirg
VTTOKN EYS \T L\W I for and in In-half of said Comoaiiics. Ex
' piles March Slst, ISS". W. E STONEY,
Ouasgebuiig, s. C. Comptroller General.
lew Store! New Ms!!
LEA I) EH OF LOW PRICES AND
Staple ?uO E-'ancy Sivy ?iloods
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS,
A midland inspection Di goo-.ts solic
FOUTZ'S SEED WHEAT, docs not
CAROLINA GROWN RYE, well cured.
RUST I'KOOF OATS, good color and
All in store for the fall planting.
MACHINE OILS, &c, k
A clear, good oil for lubricating at .10
Tkain, Neatskoot, Cotton Seed, Lard
and Engine heavy.
Cotton Gin Insurance,
I am writing on Cotton Gins, Cotton in
store, and every class of farm property.
John A. Hamilton.
ESTABLISH ED L877.
Twi'iitv-li\*e Yours Experience.
Watch Marek and Jewei.ek,
And dealer in Watches, (.'locks, .Jewelry
Spectacles, Silver and ['luted Ware and
Musical Instruments. All werk warranted
for one year. Orangeburg. . G
f ha tics A. Calvo, Jr..
BOOK AND JOB PRINTER
69 RICHARDSON STREET,
CO Id'.M MI A, S. ('.
i LL KINDS OF IMHXTIX?. UUL
i - iug and Rinding done at low figures
and in the very liest manner. Catalogues
of Schools, Colleges and Church Assocla
ii..;... a specialty. Lawyers' !';'. !'-?1 per
printed page for ?_'.'copies "Id liouks j;i>.
hound and Uepttiivd. Cash Hooks, Ledg
ers, Dnv [looks, .liiuruals k>\. made to
order ai short notice. Orders.solicited and
Subscribe fur TiikCoi.i :.mi;ia Wkkk
. , ??? , .: ..;..|.> ,.,..... ..< r.. :. ,.. ..>;....
mailer?the lutes! Iclrgrapliic news?clear
large print. Onlj one dollar a year.
LIGHT, STRONG. SlMl'LK AND
TIIKSK MACIIINKS ALT ALL
- i*,.iiu -I "> 1.1 ii .ir, io;ii <>(
good material. Fanners will consult their
ihteresl U\ examining these Mowers before
.:. . ;..'.. '.'....|.? . I r,.;?n5-< fnr
same always on liatid. Sample Machines
can be ?i'ii at Mr. I?. Frank Mater's in
Prrkctt's in Matthews. Illustrated
lespoiideiicc solicited. Ihiy a McCotmiek
iron Mower, and save your liaj and pea
vines. U. W. WANN AMAKER,
Aug. Ill-3ni0. St. Matthews, S.C.