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tS EHGLISHMM OK IMSIGR5TI0N i
HI* View* on the Method* That Must
Wfe: Be Employed tt> Brlns lmml
IflBfr" ffrants to Sonth Carolina.
To the Editor of The State:
I have been much Interested In read- j
ing reports in the newspapers express- |
lng public opinion on the question of
introducing into the State of South
Carolina a class of European imml
grants?farmers, who In some respects
are less ambitious than American
farmers?a class of people who will be
content with small farms, say 20. 30
or GO acres of ground. I am told that
the south has enough even now of
common laborers, and that ? the need
IB simply those who will enter the
State and buy up the large tracts of
lands and convert them into small
The peasantry of Prance have small
farms which they till with artistic
skill and reap excellent harvests for
their industry. They are a thrifty
people, save their money and at times
of great financial depression have sav
ed the government from impending
bankruptcy. These French peasants
live in rural villages and go daily to
their little farms, which may be dis
tant from one to three miles from the
domestic roof. Under prevailing cir
cumstances it would hardly be prac
ticable to introduce such a system In
this country. It would "be better to
follow but the American method, a
farm for each farmer of say SO to 100
acres with the dwelling in which the
family It to abide on the farm.
? But how will the better class of
?European immigrants be attracted to
the south? It must not be forgotten
that the farmers and immigrants from
'Europe have been attracted in vast
numbers to the great northwest, where
millions of acres are yet unoccupied;
that western Canada is attracting set
tlers -by furnishing free farms and
homes for all who will come. By rail
road companies and local communities
thousands of dollars are being ex
pended to get these settlers on those
lands. Now, the south has no free
homesteads, but every one who enters
the State and secures a farm must pay
for It. The western people reckon
every healthy, laboring man who
makes a permanent home in a com
munity to be worth to the place a
sum not less than $2,000. That is. if
100 able-bodied, industrious and enter
prising, men should settle in a farming
i community, they add to the perman
ent wealth of the locality $200,000. I
should say such an estimate is very
conservative for there may be among
the 100 half a dozen men who alone
would add more than twice that sum
to the taxable wealth of that com
But how shall the immigrants be
obtained? One man having a thousand
or more acres for sale cannot afford to
equip and maintain an immigration
real estate office for the purpose of
Ending purchasers for his lands. A
town, county, immigration association
and the State, acting in conjunction
with railroad companies, may adver
tise the agricultural, commercial and
manufacturing advantages through
newspapers, circulars, folders, etc., and
distribute them through the mails ull
over the land. They will do some good
and in time will bring some people.
But that is not all which is needed.
I remember once spending a week on a
cotton plantation a short distance out
jifrom Tazoo City, Miss. The planter
was a native Alabamian. He had a
beautiful place of many thousands ,of
acres and one of the finest in the State.
One morning his good lady said they
must send to a distant orchard for
fruit and to a garden for vegetables
for the table. I said to my friend,
"Why Is this? Why do you not on
yonder rising ground plant your orch
ard and cultivate your garden vege
tables: have your meadows for hay
and your own corn fields? By pro
ducing these necessary supplies at
home you will save money." He re
plied, "I only make cotton. If you
want to kindle a fire with the sun's
rays, use the sun-glass to concentrate
i all the rays of the sun at one spot and
it will scorch if
I would apply this process of ana
' logical reasoning to secure people to
become permanent residents of the
State of South Carolina. I think It
would be unwise to waste money in
initiating a plan of work and then
suffer It. to languish for want of sup
port. An agricultural commissioner
With a secretary to begin the business
Is only a first step. The department
must be amply supported. This work
is not only to get immigrants, but
they must get them. They must go
/?where these people are to be found
and must select just such families as
will be most suitable. You don't want
all that come out of a ship. You want
them selected. Of course your com
missioner will have his principal office
' in' the capital of the State, but he
must have an office in the city of
New York. No matter what the cost
may be. even $100,000 in this work will
be a profitable investment. When you
get 5,000 or 10.000 of these people into
your State and they are content, they
will advertise the advantages of the
State all over Europe without cost.
But the expense at the start must be
borne by the State. The newspapers
of tha State, publishing gratuitously
communications like this and others
descriptive of the country, are doing
their part most liberally. Every lo
cality and every individual rhould do
As the Alabamian said, "focus the
sun's rays." Owners of large tracts
of land, some improved and some not
Improved, want to sell so as to be I
getting an income. They are getting
nothing now. They better sell these!
lands to the immigrants, if they be of i
the right kind, even with a very small j
payment down and in small yearly!
payments and at a low rate of interest. I
It will take pretty much all the ready j
money the immigrant has to get aJ
start with implements and stork for]
his little farm and to buy needful
supplies until he can grow /find market'
a crop. Hence he will need the advice,
sympathy, and often forbearance of
those with whom he deals. With a fair
chance he will be able in a few years
to pay for all. But the intelligence,
the kindness, and generosity of south
ern communities need no suggestion
in this regard. The State of South I
Carolina, is broad enough in area and '
ample enough in resources, yet undo- j
veloped, to afford homes of wealth and
abundance for 5,000,000 to 7,000.000 of j
an industrious and enterprising people.
Will this generation, the present pop- j
ulatlon of the State, seize the oppor-!
tunlties afforded of increasing their;
individual wealth and adding revenue:
to their native commonwealth? South!
Carolina is worthy of the greatest!
efforts of her people. T read in an
encyclopedia spread out before me that
"the soil is highly productive, yielding
such staples as cotton, indigo, rice,
tobacco, sugar, tea, the cereals, hemp,
flax, hops, and many varieties of'
.fruits and vegetables: and en
Joys a climatic tempera turf- corres
ponding with that of Italy and the'
south of France. The mineral re- i
sources of this State are considerable, j
comprising gold, iron, lead, copper, j
manganese, coal, bismuth, plumbago, i
soapstone, limestone, granite, china
; EDITORIALS. 1
The State's Readers. $
claya, etc., etc." The heart of man can
ask for nothing more.
Then recall the famous men whom
the State has produced. Their very
names are an Inspiration and awaken
the noblest aspirations of manhood.
In the roster of South Carolina's emin
ent sons in a past generation, I note
high lu the list of immortal ones Hon.
John Caldwell Calhoun. an incompar
able statesman, scholar and philoso
pher: Henry Laurr.ns, honored above
most men, an accomplished diplomatist
And the frienr' of Washington; then
there was Gen. Andrew Jackson, the
seventh president of the United States;
another honored name, an advocate
and jurist of great renown, likewise
statesman, scholar, diplomatist, Hugh
Swinton Legare; the Hon. Francis W.
Piekens and the Hon. William Aiken,
of the early governors of the State,
I mention with the highest regard the
names of Gov. Robert Young Kayne,
the most accomplished % orator the
State ever produced, a match in for
ensic debate of the great Massachu
setts Demosthenes, Daniel Webster.
And may I mention the names of
Generals Wade Hampton, the older and
the younger, both effulgent stars In
the diadem of the commonwealth.
These are but a few names to conjure
by. Such a galaxy of honored ones
casts a halo of glory not only over
their native State and their own times,
but they belong to all time and to the
universal brotherhood of man. Strug
gling men in this generation may look
to those great ones and gather strength
in their efforts to accomplish worthy
undertakings?imitating such noble
Frederick A. Salaman.
Rooms 13GS-6, Vincent Building, New
THE RUSSIA* IN HISTORY.
Why American Sympathy Should Lie
With Japan In Present Conflict
To the Editor of The State:
It is difficult to understand how any
one who is at all acquainted with Eu
ropean history, especially the part of it
that relates to Russia, can sympathize
with that country in its struggle with
Japan; for viewed from any stand
point, except that of brute force, Japan
Is by far the more highly civilized na
tion of the two. From its very first
contact with civilization Japan has
made a progress that is almost mar
velous, while Russia has remained
practically barbarous despite the fact
that she has been In intimate associa
tion with the clvilzlng Influences of the
other countries of Europe.
The truth of the matter is that Rus
sia has a pretty black record behind
her, a record of tyranny, oppression I
and duplicity that almost surpasses be
lief. It Is easily within the memory of
people now living when it was a not
uncommon occurrence for ladies of the
Polish nobility to be stripped to the
waist and whipped in public by offi
cials of the Russian government. When
Sweden was practically forced to cede
Finland to Russia, the latter country
pledged itself that it would not inter
fere with the language or local go\ I
ernment of the people. This promise
has been most shamefully violated, and
the virtuous, enlightened and patriotic
Finns have been subjected to almost
every indignity that Russian Ingenuity.,
could devise. But the darkest blot on
Russia's record is found in Siberia.
Countless thousands of its own citi
zens and from its provinces like Poland
and Finland have been consigned, for
no offense whatever, at least nothing
that would be considered such in a civ
ilized country, to a living death in the
mines of Siberia, without the slightest
hope of relief except by death, held as
they are by the iron hand of a despot
ism that would have hardly been ex-1
cusable in the dark ages.
There is something almost farcical in
the attitude that Russia assumes as
the champion of civilization and Chris
tianity, for she stands in sore need of
civilization herself and, in act at least.
Is a stranger to the precepts of Chris
tianity. What was the conduct of the I
Russian troops during the recent trou
ble In China? Looting by wholesale
and the murder of thousands of help
less and Inoffensive Chinese, driving j
them Into a deep river just as if they
were wild beasts. While the Russians I
were acting like savages, the Japanese j
troops maintained their splendid dis
cipline, and returned to their own
country with clean hands and with
out a single blot upon their record. But
putting all other questions aside, Rus
sia is the aggressor and this being the
case deserves to lose. Japan clearly
sees that the time has come wheA she
must make a supreme effort for' na
tional existence and she can be counted
on to struggle to the bitter end. Rus- j
sia has no need of additional territory
while Japan, with its dense population
stands in sore need of an extension of I
its land area.
It is very easy to make comparisons, i
but the present struggle is being waged |
under conditions that have never here- j
tofore existed. In the South African |
war England had to transport troops i
and munitions of war 6,000 miles, but
there "was not a hostile vessel to inter-I
fere with her transports. It will be im
possible for Russia to send a single
man or gun by water and her sole de
pendence is on one single line of rail- j
road, and this is a very long one. Ex- |
perience has demonstrated that a sin- j
gie line, even for a comparatively short
distance, is not adequate for the trans
portation of large bodies of troops.
Germany has probably about eight sep
arate lines leading to the Rhine and j
about the same number in the direc
tion of the frontier, facing Russia. In
case of hostilities breaking out between
France and Germany they would each
have a million men on the frontier in '
less time than it would take Russia to i
put one-tenth that number in Man- j
churia. Unless something entirely un
expected happens Russia will be con
fronted with very much the same con-'
ditions that prevailed during the Cri
mean war. She had plenty of troops and.
resources but could not. owing to the
lack of transportation facilities, get:
them to the front quick enough. This;
being the case, baffled but not crushed.
She had to accept the terms offered by j
France and England. Japan cannot,
of course, exhaust the resources of.
Russia but stands a good chance ofi
exhausting all the resources that Rus-i
sia cart make available.
To call this war a struggle between i
Christianity and heathenism is the
veriest nonsense. Russia today is more
a barrier to the propagation of Chris-'
tianity than is Japan, for a nation, just
as it with an individual, that professes;
to be Christian and who. at the same;
time does the greatest violence to the:
teachings of thcTdaster, is a greater;
enemy to Christianity than an avowed!
disbelieve!-. If it could be accomplished :
without bloodshed the partition of the
Russian empire would be a tremendousi
gain for the cause of civilization, for I
then the Russian people, steeped in
dense ignorance and ground beneath
the heel of an iron despotism, would
breathe the air of freedom and happi-.
ness and be given the opportunity to
emerge front position that is but lit-i
tie superior to that of the beasts of
The people of Ihe south at least ought
to hold in everlasting remembrance the
fact that while they were engaged in]
their great struggle for independence
Russia used her influence to the
Uttermost to prevent the recog
nition, by the other countries of Eu
rope of the Confederate States. This I
was but in keeping With her national
policy for oppression and against lib
erty. The people, however, who have
the greatest cause to execrate the very
name of Russia are the Jews, that is
if they care anything for the honor of
the women of their race.
W. D. Woods.
, Darlington, Feb. 20.
LOCAL OPTION VS. THE DISPENSARY
Some QneMtlonn Concerning the Evil
Frnltt/of Latter System.
To the Editor of The State
Allow me to submit a few pertinent
questions to your readers and the re
tiring general assembly:
1. 1? it right and does it show a
democratic citizenship, not to say a
spirit of justice on the part of our
lawmakers, not to allow a free (V) peo
ple to vote the whiskey evil from their
midst, when in fact in many instances
the people did apt vote or petition its
2. Is it not an apparent fact that the
whiskey element?ring if you choose?Is
getting a llrrner and deeper hold on our
State institutions and using it for po
litical ends to the extent that ere long
It will dominate church, society, busi
ness, morals, politics and every Insti
tution in the land and throw around
them the mrcntle of corruption that is
sure to lower us in the scale of state
3. Are the ministers of God's holy
writ doing their duty by their passlve
ness in accepting prevailing conditions
Instead of inveighing against them on
4. Can any man, be he friend or foe
of the system, in truth lay his hand
upon his heart and in presence of his
God say he does not know that the
dispensary as It is managed is a de
moralizing agent to every legitimate
business or institution in the State; de
basing its manhood, making drunkards
of Its youth, yea. of its children even?
Doing this, does It not bring woe and
misery, suffering and hardships untold
to a helpless and innocent class?the
women and children?
5. Is it for political and sinister gain
that our wise men?masters, not ser
vants?can shut their eyes to glaring
facts and refuse to trust those whose
suffrage placed them in their exalted
position, and force them to be un
willing pnrtlceps criminis to the
6. Does the revenue derived offset
the evil It generates? Has it mate
rially contributed to the State's
finances, or reduced taxation? Is it not
one of the potent factors calling for
more judicial circuits to relieve "the
congested dockets of those in exist
ence? Is It right to apply any por
tion oC the revenue (blood money) to
the education of our children? Has It
not created a stronger ring than that
the great (?) Tillman claims to have
overthrown a decade of more ago?
Is it not a little strange that, In the
light of after events, the palmetto tree
was banished from the wlskey flask?
St. George, Feb. 17. 1904.
Betilna on Cock KightN.
To the Editor of The State:
In several sections of our fair com
monwealth the practice of cock fight
ing is indulged in and ordinarily the
usual accompaniment of betting pre
vails on such occasions.
As a lover of my fellowmen and
seeking always their highest welfare, 1
concluded It might prove helpful if the
general assembly enact a law forbid
ding the custom, and accordingly I
wrote one of the representatives about
it. He replied that a bill was intro
duced last session which would have
given entire relief from this evil, but
sports in the senate killed it, though
passed to its third reading. He adds
that the senate has at the present ses
sion been polled touching the matter
and that it cannot be passed.
Disappointed in securing help from
that quarter, I wished to secure advice
of some wise, good man as to the best
way of getting the matter on the con
science of individuals who indulge in
the baneful pastime. A letter from Dr.
James H. Carlisle of Wofford college
contains information I beg to share
with your readers. He says:
"The great subject of crueltv to an
imals is now attracting more attention
than before. It is verv important.
This is one starting point. To take
the beautiful, spirited bird, and make
him kill or be killed, to excite and
amuse some coarse, hardened men, and
to decide where some piles of money
must go?this is sad!' But tender ap
peals are not felt where there is no
tenderness: still, these appeals, wisely
urged, may in the end make some im
pression. A lift up religiously, of
course, will generally settle many of
these questions that cannot be met on
a low plane."
Now, Mr. Editor, let me ask the
i kind .aid of your own skilled pen in
encouraging the introduction and pass
age of a bill affording relief in some
degree. But the enactment of a law
forbidding the sport is only nart of our
duty; we must have an increasingly
strong sentiment current, such as will
be possible alone by intelligent agita
tion of the subject.
Yours very truly.
Piedmont. S. C.
TKE CHARLESTON BUDGET.
Datango Suits Against the Consolidated
Special to The State.
Charleston, Feb. 20.?A number of
damage suits were filed today in the
court of common pleas against the
Consolidated Railway eomnany. ThOS.
Smith wants ?r>,000 damages for having
been ejected from a car and forced to
walk two miles to the detriment of his
health. The same sum is wanted by
Health Detective Nipson, whose buggy
was run into by a car. Frank Norh
den is suing for $?.000 because he was
run into while riding his bicycle and
former Conductor Reeves Ford, who
was hurt in a collision between two
cars, asks for ?i>,000 actual damages
and $5.000 punitive damages. Isaac
Coughley has entered suit against the
American Pipe company for $l,97? for
injuries sustained in digging a trench.
The approaching term of the court of
common pleas will be noted for the
number of like suits which have been
The laying off of a number of field
men at the navy yard has caused some
disappointment and no little dis
quietude, but it is said that the laying
off of these men furnishes the only
foundation for the rumors of a general
suspension of work. No statement could
be gotten from the local officials of tin
navy yard in regard to the rumor thai
the secretary of the navy had ordered
the unexpended balance to be turned
into the treasury. It was said at the
navy yard that the men were only
laid off because they were much ahead
in their work and the rules of the de
partment are against keeping men
on the payroll who are not actually at
Advices received here state that the
course of the dispatch boat Mayflower
may be changed, and in this event Ad
miral Dewey ami staff will not visit
Charleston on their way to join the
North Atlantic licet for the manoeuvres
in the Caribbean sea.
The temperature tumbled early this
morning to a reading of .".!< degrees, a
fall of 31 degr.es from the maximum
reading of yesterday. The wind was
high, reaching a velocity of lit', miles
from the northeast at l o'clock today.
Special to The State.
Ninety-Six. Feb. 2ft.?At the closing
of tin- Ninety-Six high school, to bo
held June :.-7, Rev. S. It. Zimmerman
of Newberry will preach the annual
sermon, and lion. Charles F. McKes
son of Morganton. X. will deliver
the annual address.
DAILY PEN SKETCHES
OF CAROLINA LIFE.
What People of the Middle and
Pee Dee Country Are Doing.
TP FIRES OCCUR AT DENMARK
j The Rnllrond Signal Station Burned.
Other New? from the Town
Where Rnllronilx Crown.
Special to The Slate.
Denmark, Feb. 20.?The telegraph r.r- ?
flee at the junction of the Atlantic
I Coast Ll.ie and Southern railroads, in
this place, was destroyed by fire this
morning .'it 7:30 o'clock. The structure
was a two-story wooden building, gen
erally known as the tower. All trains
over the two roads were signalled from
this office and could pass only when
the tracks were thrown open by the
operator in the tower.
The fire started in the ceiling and
owing to the fact that there is no
water near, could not be extinguished.
The trains were delayed only for a
few minutes, and will stop at that
point as they do at other junctions.
I Another fire alarm was given yester
I day at about noon. In some way a
! curtained closet in the residence .of
Mr.*FulIer caught on fire. The room
was closed at the time and became
filled with smoke, causing every one
to think that the house would neces
sarily burn. However, the fire was
soon put out, there being considerable
loss from removal of furniture and
damage to the house by water.
AT BEECH X3LAND.
A Delightful Entertainment for the
Benefit of the School.
Special to The State.
Beech Island, Feb. 21.?On last Satur
day night all the good people of Beech
Island were assembled at the Downer
hall to obtain some of the pleasures
of a delightful Valentine party, given
by Miss Helen Brice, for the benefit of
the Downer library. By the little sock
arrangement and the serving of re
freshments the neat sum of $25 was
raised. With this and our pro rata
share from the State the management
hopes to make some valuable addition
to the already well equipped library.
There has been some discussion about
establishing an agricultural experi
ment station in each county. If this
is done we see no reason why the
Downer institute should not be the
central station for Aiken county. We
are well equipped here, the school owns
enough land to start an excellent ex
perimental station. We are interested
in this and trust that our board of
trustees will pull for it.
On last Monday night Mrs. James
Hammond gave a delightful pit party
in honor of her sister, Miss Nlta Black
of Atlanta. Among those in attend
ance were: Misses Helen Brice, Geor
gia Galphin, Helen Davles, Harriet
Davies, Mr. and Mrs. Warren Fair,
Mr. and Mrs. Seth DuPuis, Messrs. R.
i B. and W. B. Dunbar. Henry Lake.
M. E. Brockman and Dr. P. PI. Eve.
Mrs. Ed. Atkinson gave a delightful
oyster supper last Tuesday night in
honor of her cousin, Miss Belle Bailey
Miss Helen Brice has gone to her
home in Blackstock for a short visit.
DEATHS IN EDGEFIELD.
Popular Young Phy.sjtcian'n Wife?A
Child Choked to Death.
Special to The State.
Edgefield. Feb. 21.?News has just
been received here of the death at
McCormiCk of Mrs. Fuller, the vouthful
wife of Dr. R. M. Fuller, a lady well
known and much beloved, a daughter
of Mo*. Edgar S. Reynolds of Long
mire's and a sister of Mrs. A. E. Pad
gett of this town".
Dr. Fuller is also a young man of
Longmire's, but moved to McCormick
six or eight months ago as a wider
field for his profession. The untimely
death of this popular young woman
will bring deep sorrow to a very wide
circle of .'datives and friends.
She will be buried at old Bethany
church, near Longmire's, tomorrow.
Another sad death in our section and
very sudden was that of a little 2-year
old son of Mr. and Mrs. Tandy Cul
breath of Rehoboth. This child was
by some terrible mishap choked to
death. L. W. C.
Pleannnt Hill Notes.
Special to The State.
Pleasant Hill. Feb. 20.?Mr. Tom
Peach, a resident of the Russell place,
died yesterday of pneumonia after' a
On the 18th the Rev. S. N. Watson
j performed the ceremonv uniting Mr.
Lewis Cole and Miss Alice Beckham,
I daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W.
Mr. Edmund Tiller and wife of Til
ler's Ferry are visiting Mrs. Tiller's
brother at this place.
Mr. W. A. Beckham and wife of
Kershaw are here on a visit to Mr.
I Beckham's brother, Mr. M. L. Beck
ham, of this place.
I Owing to the very cold and rough
I weather very little farm work has
I been done as yet. It Is generally talked
I that there will be no increase in the
: cotton acreage. As a matter of fact
j the farmers cannot afford to do it, for
the presumption is that labor is going
! to be scarce.
i Special to The State.
Hopkins, Feb. 20?After several j
j days of excessive cold the weather is |
more favorable and farm work is pro
gressing. Oats are small, owing to
; the bad weather.
County Superintendent of Education
E. B. Wallace was in town Thursday
j on a tour of inspection of the country
Invitations have been issued by the I
primary department of the Hopkins
graded school to Washington birthday
exercises. The invitations are in the j
shape of a small hatchet decorated
with cherries. This department is un
der the very efficient management of j
Mrs. Whltlock. There have been r.ev- j
tral additions to the school, which is I
in a flourishing condition.
! Mrs. Brandenburg!! is much improv
! ed, after her recent severe illness.
i Special to The State.
Plnewood. Feb. 20.?The public roads
! in this vicinity are being repaired by
! the county chaingang. which is well
! equipped with proper implements for
the work. Their advent luas been
hailed with delight, as places on the
[different roads leading into, toavn were
i almost impassable, and eouM never
? have been effectively worked by the
! Mr. R. H. Johnson, a fanner living
j near here, was married on Thursday
evening to Miss Norvelle Stujces. of
I Paxvllle. The Rev. Mr. ttuggfcns ofli
The continued severe winter has re
tarded farming operations and for the
i same cause the small grain crop is
I very backward.
; The weather bureau in its forecast
j issued Saturday had this ominous pre-1
diction for yesterday: "Rain'." And
the prediction was verified from a.
1 m. until ti p. in. without a break.
FHE ML COUNTRY
OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Events of Greatest Interest in the
Busy Piedmont Section.
FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS
The State Executive Committee Meet*
In \ewberry?Delegate* to the \n
tionnl Catherine In St. I.oiiIm.
Special In The State.
Newberry, Feb. 21.?The state execu
tive committee of the Federation of
Women's Clubs of South Carolina met
here Thursday night at the residence
of Mrs. R. D. Wright for the purpose
of arranging a programme for the
State federation, which will convene
here on Tuesday, June 14th. The
meetings will be held in the auditorium
of the new building of Newberry col
lege. On Tuesday night the meeting
will be opened with an informal re
ception. Wednesday night will be
given over to the art, music and civic
committees. Thursday night the crown
ing event of the session will he a very
large and elegant reception.
The following delegates were ap
pointed to represent South Carolina in
the National Federation of Women's
clubs, which will convene in St. Louis,
Mo., in May: Mrs. Julius VIsanska of
Charleston: Miss Blanche Jones of Co
lumbia: Mrs. M. F. Ansell of Green
ville: Mrs. Joseph Roddey of Rock
Hill and Mrs. L. T. Nichols of Chester.
Mrs. James Orr Patterson of Greenville,
president of the State federation, is a
delegate by virtue of her office.
The alternates are: Miss Helen
Mower, Newberry; Mrs. L. M. Cole
man, Charleston; Mrs. A. Robertson,
Columbia; Mrs. Ira B. Jones, Lancas
ter; Mrs. J. R. Vandlver, Anderson;
Mrs. S. L. McLaughlin, Spartanburg.
Four new clubs were federated. They
were the Fortnightly club of Nev berry,
Rotary Book club of Greenville, the
Old Homestead of Darlington, the
Alumnae association of Mrs. Smith's
After thb business of the committee
had been disposed of Mrs. R. D. Wright
gave a delightful reception in honor of
At a joint meeting of the federated
clubs of the town, Mrs. S. B. Jones,
president of Woman's club; Miss Ber
nice Martin, chairman of Bachelor
Maids; Mrs. L. W. Floyd, president
of Fortnightly club, were made a gen
eral committee to arrange for the en
tertainment of the State federation.
Mosdames T. C. Pool, W. H. Hunt.
O. B. Mayer. C. D. Weeks, A. T. Brown,
Misses Fannie McCaughrin, Lalla Mar
tin, Cora Domlnick, Nina Carlisle,
Helen Mower, were appointed chair
men of the sub-committees. Their
committees will be appointed nearer
the time for the meeting.
INTERSTATE Y. M/C. A. GATHERING
There Are Two Hundred Delegates In
Attendance at Spiirtnnbnrg?Dad
Special to The State.
Spartanburg, Feb. 21.?There are 200
delegates attending the interstate Y.
M. C. A. North and South Carolina are
well represented by an earnest, active
body of workers, young men who are
directing their efforts to the advance
ment of moral and religious thought
Today's weather has been the very
worst of a season of unchangeable mid
winter time. The sleet fell tlrst, and
the ground was frozen over in a slip
pery condition; an icy rain succeeded.
Despite this Inclemency, large congre
gations were at the several leading
Protestant church this morning to hear
instructive and helpful addresses from
the prominent workers of the Y. M.
C. A. in atendance on the meetings.
A mass-meeting for men was held
this afternoon at the opera house. C.
C. Miehener was the speaker of the
occasion. He is from New York and
a leader in Y. M. C. A. work. He
made a strong address, emphasizing
the adherence to Christianity along all
lines of business, and asserted that
the man with the right kind of charac
ter has a decided advantage over oth
ers. Gambling, drinking and Impur
ity were touched upon and in an earn
est, effective manner Mr. Miehener dis
coursed for an hour or more to one of
the largest male audiences ever as
sempled in the opera house. As a re
sult fully 300 Christians expressed their
intention of leading better lives, and
150 "sinners" signified that they wished
the prayers of the Christian people. In
a brief meeting, held after the address,
at least 35 of the latter professed con
Dr. Van Dyke, the lecturer, addressed
the convention at Converse college this
evening. P. H. F.
THE SEAR EASTERN TROUBLE
Hulgarln Trying to Keep Out of a Fight,
According to Their Agent
Paris, Feb. 21.?M. Zolollovitz, the
Bulgarian agent in Paris, made the
following statement today:
"I can give the formal assurance
that Bulgaria has more than ever re
solved to do nothing to compromise
the peace. It is with gr- .' satisfac
tion that we have seen C elab
orate a plan for reform M ??< donia
and we wish, without r ? ... ? n, the
reforms realized. Aho\ ill, ill' this
moment when the powers ate follow
ing with anxiety the events in the far
east, Bulgaria will avoid doing any
thing that would cause the belief that
she proposes to profit by the crisis. The
Bulgarian people have unanimously
expressed warm sympathy with Rus
"It is unfortunate that Turkey per
sists in her regrettable hostility. Be
sides th? annoying police measures she
has taken against our people our com
merce suffers serious obstacles; ami
finally, the continued concentration of
Turkish troops along mir frontler and
the mobilization of troops at strategic
points is menacing us."
M. Zolollovitz said there is a war
party in Constantinople which has a
preponderating influence and quitted
from consular reports to the effect that
the Turks fear a military uprising if
war with Bulgaria is not declared.
"In tin- light of these facts," M.
Zolollovitch concluded, "it is natural
that Bulgaria, too, should be prepar
I.nie Senator IIIH'm Widow Dead.
Washington. Feb. 21.?Mrs. Hill, the
widow of the late Senator Ben II. Hill
of Georgia, who has been ill here for
some time, died here today at the res
idence of her daughter, Mrs. II. II.
Thompson, in the 79th year of her age.
At her bedside when the oiid came also
were her daughter and two sons, Ben
if. Hill and <'. I). Hill. Accompanied
by them the remains were taken to At
lanta, where the funeral services will
he held on Wednesday at 11:30 a. in.,
in St. Mark's Methodist Episcopal
St. Htigela's Heatfcmy.
special to The Slate.
Alken, Feb. 20.?Thme annual enter
tainment of St. Angela's academy came
oft on Friday afternoon and evening
before a large and appreciative audi
That the numbers were varied, high
classed and superbly rendered Is as
' seated to by all who wore present. Es
pecially Is this praise well founded and
j Haltering in view of the fact that In
I the brief life of the academy there
I have been no pupils as yet beyond the
I third term in music, declamation ami
I voice culture: Indeed, the great ma
jority are first and second term pu
pils. Thes olos and choruses were ex
cellent, as the most fastidious could
expect under the circumstances.
The boys and girlselasses made their
! first bow to the public in pleasing
i chorus. Before many years they will
figure successfully in person as they
did lust Friday evening "In gobs."
For brevity sake, the special points
of excellency of individual pupils, or
numbers, cannot be emphasized in de
tail. It is but fair to point out in pass
] ing, however, the elocutionary profici
ency displayed in teh scene from
Schiller's "Mary Stuart;" the beauty of
the arias and recitations in Longfel
low's "Wick of the Hesperus;" the
control of voice and breath in the "An
gel's Serenade," "Grass and Roses,"
and the selected Terzette; then the
general excellence of the Instrumental
St. Angela's Is rapidly becoming a
stronghold of intellectual power among
the youths of this ection. Judging
from the splendid exhibition of last
Friday it is safe to assume that, as the
I work progresses, the patrons and
j friends of the school will be welcomed
again to still a better programme and
a more excellent rendlttion.
A Fatal Wreck.
Kankake, 111., Feb. 21.?James Mar
tin of Kankake, 111., was killed, and five
other passengers were Injured in a
wreck of a Knights of Columbus spe
i clal train today on the Kankake and
Seneca railway near Wauponset, due to
a spreading of a frog. One passenger
coach containing 25 people turned com
pletely. Martin was hurled through a
window. The special was en route to
Morris, where the Knights of Colum
bus were to participate in an installa
A Government Victory.
San Domingo, Feb. 21.?Yesterday a
French merchant steamer entered the
river, convoyed by a launch from the
United States cruiser Columbia. The
rebels abtsained from firing on the
This morning the government troops
attacked the rebels outside the city
I and severe firing ensued, lasting many
I hours. The rebels were rfoced to re
tire, leaving many killed and wounded
on the field. The action resulted In
a complete victory for the government
|and the siege of the city is considered
I to have been raised.
Xr-w York, Feb. 21.?Following the
death late tonight of Mrs. Florence
Myers, 46 years old, from morphine
poisoning at a boarding house in West
Forty-sixth street, the woman's hus
band and a colored nurse were arrested.
They are said to have administered
morphine tablets to Mrs. Myers. This
they admit, according to the police, but
allege that the woman was addicted
to the use of morphine. The husband is
Col. Frederick Myers, a veteran of the
Civil war 71 years* old, this being his
birthday. The dead woman is said to
j have been Col. Myers' fifth wife.
"PISGAH FOREST" RESERVE.
v Vast I'rlminl Wild Rfow nn Adjunct
to Iilttmore Estate.
Raleigh, Feb. 6.?No greater interest
has ever been felt in any hunting pre
serve in the south than in the magnifi
cent one of George W. Vanderbilt,
which is know as "Pisgah Forest," and
which embraces a large section of the
county of Transylvania, In one of the
most exquisite sections of all the noble
mountain country of which Western
North Carolina affords. It is certain
that this park or preserve has had
much to do with the now great move
ment for the national part to be known
as the Appalachian Forest Reserve.
This originated in Vandcrbilt's two
great developing ideas, shown first in
i his Biltmore estate and next in his
Pisgah Forest. The latter is a true
I forest, Mr. Vanderbilt having been so
! fortunate as to discover a place where
nature had been almost unmolested ex
cept by occasional fires, and then to
secure this and gently aid her in work
ing her own sweet will. Everybody
' knows about Biltmore. and its chateau,
! the finest private residence in all Amer
| lea, but few know anything about Pis
! gah Forest, and so this will be a story
I about the latter, the writer having
spent a fortnight there In the most de
lightful manner in the world.
Pisgah Forest is about 45 miles long
and embraces something over 100,000
acres. It takes its name from its domi
nating peak Mount Pisgah. the most
j perfect mountain amid the hundred
?of mountains in Western North Caro
lina, being a true cone, a landmark
'amid all the peaks in the vast, irregu
j lar and lofty plateau betweeen the
i Blue Rridgc and the great Smoky
i Mountains. There are various way of
i getting into Pisgah Forest; one by
Asheville and Biltmore and by a very
. fine road constructed by Mr. Vander
bilt to Pisgah Lodge; the other by way
: of Hendet sonville and Davidson's rlv
j er. up a rather steep and rough road,
but one full of charms and surprises,
j along the French Rroad. Davidson's
; river and Avery's creek. To the na
i lives Pisgah Forest is know as Mr.
I Vanderbilt's place, and its boundary Is
marked by a three-strand barbed-wire
I fence. The best way to see Pisgah
I Forest is on foot or horseback, prefer
i ably the former, as In this way the full
, beauty of the place can best be seen.
1 Go where one will there is ever the
i sound of falling water,' the rush or the
fall of the mountain streams, which
most of the time is invisible, high over
j head or in a gorge, perhaps a thousand
I feet below. Going by the Davidson
I river way. when the crest of the "gap"
I in the great mountain wall is reached,
* there is a glorious view to the south
ward, far into South Carolina, and to
the northward over the Vanderbilt do
main. The heart of this great forest
has been known as the "Fink Beds"
j ever since white settlers went into that
1 mountain region. The origin of the
j name is in sonv dispute, but very
i probably comes from the color of the
? rhododendron, which is so profuse as
? to make the whole region look like a
i conservatory during the months of
.May and June. The mountaineers call
the place the -pink Beds," and under
this name it appears in the geological
maps. It is a sort of table land, be
tween high and nearly parallel ridges.
1 threaded by streams as bright as a
looking glass, all running in beds of
i solid stone, literally like (lights of
; steps, and which seem like quicksilver
; as they dash or fall from under their
. lofty sources.
Pisgah Forest cost Mr. Vanderbilt
' something like a quarter of a million
dollars, or about $2..*>n per acre. Most
of it he secured at once, and the other
' portions were bought in large or small
tracts, so that now his rangers are the
only denizens of the wide area. There
i are five of these, all picked mountain
, eers. good riders and dead shots, to
whom the mountains are like an open
book. These men have many- duties.
! They must see that the boundary fence,
[ .fno miles long, is till right; must keep
1 out poachers, look after the game,
.whether in fur or ? feather, ami also
after the trout, ami further keep an
eye on timber stealers. Poachers
would come from near and far to get
the trout, with which the streamn are
superbly stocked, killing them by ex
ploding dynamite in the dep pools,
where the big trout lurk, or to kin
the deer, the turkeys or the grouse,
which are known in the mountains us
pheasant.*!. The trained ears of these
rangers hear the explosion of dyna
mite a great distance, and they track
the offenders as a bloouhound would
track them, into other counties, and
even into Tennessee.
Through this great Plsgah reserve,
which now is leased for use by one
of the most exclusive hunting and fish
ing clubi in this country, there are ??
miles of wagon road and 275 miles of
trails, the latter leading alongside each
trout stream. These roads and trail*
are always kept cut out and ready
for use. There are miles of what are
known is "shooting paths" 15 feet
wide, which branch out right and left
from certain of the roads, so that when
deer are driven by the dogs they must
cross these paths, and by means of the
latter alone can they be seen in time to
afford a shot. Deer can stand in the
rhododendron thickets in 10 feet of a
hunter, and yet be absolutely invisible,
so dense and so perfect is this paradise
of game In.Which there Is so much of
wild animal life. The foot prints of
the de?- are constantly seen, and once
seven superb specimens were notlcd in
a group, drinking from Looking Glass
creek. High overhead a golden eagle
was soaring and later on the ranger
showed a mounted specimen of this
noble bird, which he had killed with
his revolver as he sat in a tree top SO
Mr. Vanderbilt began to acquire Pis
gah Forest 12 years ago, and he
promptly began the work of restocking
the streams with trout, in the simplest
manner, that is, by protection, without
any artificial protection. In some of
the streams rainbow trout have been
placed, but these are not nearly so
satisfactory as the native trout. The
number of trout in this particular re
gion was years ago incredibly great.
In the old days, before there was any
protection, there were caught in two
days by three fishermen l,6f>0 trout, and
most of this needles slaughter was ab
solute waste. Plsgah Forest has large
ly been chosen as the place for the
study of forestry, under the direction
of the very talented Dr. Schenck, who
succeeded Glfford PInchot, now the
head forester of the United States. As
all the world knows, Mr. Vanderbilt
has at Biitmore, which adjoins and
with Its 10,000 acres forms In a way
a part of Plsgah Forest, an arboretum
of ovei 300,000 trees and shrubs. Pls
gah Forest Is the complement of this
arboretum, and in these magnificent
woods Dr. Schenck has a lodge, where
he spends much of the summer with
his class, making a tree study under
wonderfully favorable conditions. In
these classes are youths of wealth and
high social" position, who study forest
ry, a Btudy sorely needed in this coun
try, where there Is so much destruc
tion. Nowhere east of the Pacific slope
are there nobler treefi?tulip trees or
poplars, Spanish and red oak, hem
locks, chestnuts, black walnuts, cu
cumbers and pines of half a dozen
kinds, rise In stately symmetry, this
being one place where the lumberman
has never injured the primeval forest.
It is this great covering of woods
which gives that tender blue to the
mountains, which is the reason for the
name of the Blue Ridge.
There is a trail to the very peak of
Plsgah, and on the mountain crest are
found lovely meadows, lush with ten
derest grass and studded with dwarf
trees, wind-blown and indescribably
picturesque. The trail along this crest
leads by Pnsgah lodge, the finest col
lection of log houses in this country,
built in imitation of Swiss chalets, only
the finest selected logs being used, and
the furniture being all of native work
and of mountain woods. Sportsmen
will be charmed with this lodge, with
its stately dining hall, the walls of
which are covered with dressed skins
of the deer, fox, wild-cat, skunk, etc.,
mainly those of the wild-cat, all these
animals having been shot or trapped in
Plsgah forest, while great eagles peer
down from the beams upon the visi
tors. The view of Blltmore house from
Plsgah peak or front from this lodge is
nearly like a vision of enchantment.
The house seems to hang in the-middle
distance, like Aladdin's palace, snowy
white and vast, and quite near it is
Four counties corner on this peak.
South ward there spreads the unbroken
mass of Plsgah forest, to the eastward
Is the rich valley of the famous French
Broad river, bounded by the cloud
j touching wall of the Bln.; Ridge, while
to the westward there is a wild and
I rugged view of mountain piled upon
mountain, finally bordered by the Great
Smoky range, which towers like the
wall of a world. Within the sweep of
vision one sees the culmination of the
great Appalachian system with no less
than 43 peaks exceeding 6,000 feet in
altitude, there being the Smoky, the
Balsam and the Black ranges. Mt.
Mitchell in the Black dominating them
all with its 6711 feet. In its entirety the
view Is the very noblest which the
eastern part of America affords.
The conservation of game in the for
est will be promoted still further, as
great care is to be taken in limiting
the "kills" whether of fish or fowl.
The grouse have greatly increased,
hardly any hunting having been done
in the dozen years, and there are many
turkeys. Squirrels are, of course,
abundant, both the gray and the small
er brown ones, the latter being univer
sally known in the North Carolina
mourtains as the "boomer." There is
another kind of game in this region,
which is not so much esteemed, this
being the rattle-snake, which shares
witlr the general public- the appreciation
of the Pink Beds. The rattlers are of
j the black variety, and while short are
i unusually large, three Inches In dlam
| eter sometimes. One of the rangers
keeps a tally-stick with a cut for each
rattler killed, and said that during one
season he killed 26 himself; his three
employes saying they had killed as
A watchful eye Is, therefore, neces
sary when one is out of a road or a
| trail. The rattlers, as a rule, are "very
j peaceable." as the mountaineers say.
I so much so that when they think per
sons do not see them they lie quiet and
j do not coil and rattle. That there is
really little danger from these snakes
! is shown by the fact that surprisingly
few persons are bitten and of these but
? few die, whiskey being instantly taken
: as an antidote.
Mi-. Vanderbilt has other holdings of
i lands, not connected with Pisgah for
\ est or with Blltmore ami its forest,
I some of these holdings lying to the
.northwestward. There is another game
I preserve in this State, this lying along
I Llnville river, which Is over in nn
! other mountain plateau, the owners be
ing perhaps a score of gentlemen, some
I of whom are New Yorkers, others be
1 Ing residents of this State. The streams
there have been restocked with trout.
One way into this preserve is by Blow
ing Hock and along the Yonahlossee
? turnpike, which is considered by good
judges to be one of the finest mountain
j roads in America and over which old
? time stages ran.
Fred A. Olds.
Troops "...ailing In Corrn.
Paris, Feb. 22.?In a dispatch from
Harbin the correspondent of the Matin
says Cen. Velkoff, who is on guard
I along the Mongolian line, has arrived
I there with Gen. Dasilevski, of the en
gineer corps. .'
Half of the Japanese licet, the.- ?r
respondent says. Is covering the- land
ing of troops in Corea and thf? other
half is seeking the Vladivostok squad