Newspaper Page Text
Orangebarg County Hakes a Good
Showing; in Industries.
All of Her Banks and Factories
Axe In a Mopt Prosperous
The Columh'a State published last
Monday through its correspondents
at the different county seats a p'c:ure
of the prosperity which prevails
throughout South Carolina at the
beginning of the New Year, 1906
The following is Orangeburg's snow
ing in tbe picture, furnished by the
States correspondent at this place:
This is purely an agricultural ooun
ty, the manufacturing industries are
few, and lbs wealth is shown by nca
farm lands, spacious granaries, hand
some homes, bespeaking wealth and
comfort and by 15 ban is s which have
resources of 83,000,000 that the de
positors nave* accumulated after sur
rounding themselves with all the
i comforts and improvemen.es of the
Ten of these' bank3 declared their
annual dividend witn the ciose of the
These dividends aggregate 825 800,
of which 817,800 is paid by t?e lour
banks of t?e city or Oiangeburg, as
Edisto Savings bank, capital stock
8100,000, 8 oer cent.?$8,000.
Bank of Orange urg, capital stock
850,000, 10 per cent. -85,000.
Peoples bank, capita* btock 830,000,
8 per cent.?$2 400.
Farmers' and Merchants' bank,
capital stock 830,000, 8 /per cent ?
The, other banks sharing in this
Sc. Matthews Savings bank, capital
stock 825,000, dividend 8 per cent
Bank of BranchviUe, capital stock
825,000, dividend 10 per cent.?
Bank of Elloree, capital stock
S15.C00, dividend^ per cent.?8900
Bank of Spring field, capital stuck
820,000, dividend 8 per cant. ? 81, ?
Bowman Loan and Trust company,
capital stock -85,000, dividend 8 pa
Bank of H?rth, 8 per cent, on 57,
The charter cf the last named bink
is for 81,500 bot owing to the heaw
deposits maintained it has not been
found necessary to call for but 50 per
The Bowman Loan and Tmst com
- pany has increased its capital sfecok
to 820,000 and will hereafter pay
dividends on this amount.
In addition to the banks named
the following corporations will de
clave dividends at the close cf their
business year, some time during 1806.
Home Bank of St. Matthews, capital
Bank of Bowman, capital 810,000.
Bank of Fort Motte,capital 810,000.
Bank of Norway, capital 810,000.
Bank of Cameron, capital 815,000
Orangeburg Manufacturing Com
pany, capital $200,000.
Orange cotton mill, capital 875 000.
Rowesville Cotton Oil company,
'T Cameron Oil Mill company, capital
Fort Motte Oil Mill company, cap!
An At Home.
A letter from Branchville says one
of the social events of the holidays
was an at home given Wednesday
' night by Mr. and Mrs. T. O. Edwards
in honor of Miss Louise Crowder, of
Bichmond, Va., who 1b vfcdting them.
Mrs. Edwards was assisted in recalv
ing by Mrs. P. C. Dukes. Miss
Ethel Pearlstein presided gracefully
at the punch bowl. In the reception
hall the color scheme, of red and
green was beautifully carried out in
the parlors and dining rooms, with
palms and Christmas bells. Dainty
refreshments were served. Among
those present wers Mrs P. O. Dukes,
Mrs. A. Pearlstein, Miss Louise
Crowder, Misses Ethel and Balle
Dukes, Miss Minnie Yarn, Miss Mat
tie Dukes. Misses Eva and Clssle
Bruce, the Misses Karesh, Miss E -.fiel
Pearlstien, the Mlt-ses Groves, Mrs.
F. H. Dukes and Miss Lila Baeaish,
Dr. L. J. Mann, Dr. Wimberly, Dr.
Minus, Messrs Willie Fairey, Ben
Williams, Jr, Marion Byrd, Norman
Byrd, Charlie Meyers, Chas Patrick,
Harry and Solly Byrd, Abe Livingston
A. Pearlstein, Eirl Dukes, Asbury
Dukes, Joe Tubish, Abe and Joe
Nettles and Walter Dukes.
A Happy Marriage.
A beautiful home wedding was sol
emlzp.d at the residence of Mr. and
Mrs. Lawrerce Smith at four o'clock
last Thursday afternoon, when their
youngest daughter Miss Enma, was
married to Mr. Otto Strock. The
ceremony was performed by Rsv. J
T. McFarland. After tbe cremony a
delightful repast was served. The
presents were numerous and useful.
The house was beautff illy decorated.
The bride and groom are two of our
most popular ycung people and they
have the best wishes of their many
friends for a long, happy and pros
perous life. Fiiiend.
Killing Near Lima Star.
Two negroes got into a row about a
cow near Lone Star on Monday, and
on? shot and killed the other with a
shot gun. The killing took place
about dark, and so far as we have
heard the murderer has not yet been
arresttd. It seems that the tran
who did the killing had the others
cow shut up, and the man wto got
killed had gone to the others hou=e
to get his cow. Some dispute arose
and resulted in the killing.
News reached London, Ky., Wed
nesday of the killing of lue d^iu'v
sheriff and two other men In L .she
county. A dispute over a turkay
sheeting match caused a general dis
turbance in which John Duff and
Jacob Wilson and Alexander Little
shot and killed Mick Roberts, a dep
uty sheriff. Dull' and Wilsen were
arrested. L'ttle escapad. At Mo- se
Creek J ames Creech was shot by Wil
liam; Yanover in a ouarrel.
A GSOWIEG EVIL.
The Bs.bit of. Advancing Money to
Colored Farm Handa.
"The dow common practice of ad
vanc'ng money to negro wage hands
in the effort to secure their service as
laborers on the farm is an evil, and as
great as evil in its scope as was the
right of universal and ur.qualified
suffrage euch as so nearly ruined the
south for many years following the
civil war, "sajs the Clinton Gizette.
The a 4-tte goes on to say obat it is
an evil she practice of which has al
ready demoralized negro labor, and
its effect is being felt to a degree that
threatens the downfall of agriculture
and the consequent prostitution of
! ur southern institutions. This ev!l
we believe?have been to'd?lad its
origin in our own county, Laurens,
some twenty-five or more years ago
and h-*s sines then grown steadily
and has spread all over the state, and
(a still spoeading. It has brought
a rout a conditian that a white far
mer, to matter how inviting and how
fruitful! bis soil and no matter how
badly he may need help to seed,
cultlvrte and harvest his crops, need
not for a moment foster the hope of
hiring a negro, no matter how hungry
how ragged and d?pendent the negro
may be, without first putting up a
cash tonus?advancing a stated and
demanded amount in order to secure
at least the promise that tbe appli
cant will on a certain day begin work
upon tihejfinanolerlng landlord's premi
ses. And seven times ou^of tne, or
at not a badly dissimilar ratio, the
?negro after securing the c:vsh deman
ded, moves on and "sells" himsslf to
another and another firmer, thus
duping a gocd long string of unwary
and unsuspecting land owners, enly
to skip tor parts unknown, or else
land in limbo, to be bought by the
farmer possessing the "longest pole."
Thus the country is overidden b7 an
endless chain of nrgro dead beatf
while the farmer, disgusted at th?
painful outcome of his own folly,
tries to Und an ayslum in town or is
compelled to sacrifice his meagre be
longings to seek a pico of refuse in
the wilds of the west.
Woik or a Vauuai.
A mass mooting of the citizens o'
Sc. Matthews was held on Wednes
day Svfcernoon to take action in re
gard to the vandalism committed by
breaking the plate glass front of Dr.
L. M. Abie's dr?g store on the night
of this 25-;h inst. Q dte a large rep
resentative meeting was held and
passed resolutions condemning in un
quail fied terms the act of vandalism
and^tbsparpecrators. Thess resolutions
were passed after several spbeeches
were made by representative men
and were adopted with a unanimity
that was beautiful to contemplate.
A reward was eff ;red by the town
council, which was sup lenlented by
reliable citizens and business men ap
proximating 9250. This amount, it
is believed, will lead to the apprehen
sion and conviction of the offenders.
This aot Is by far the most diabolical
in its nature that has ever occurred
in the history of the town or knowledge
of its oldest inhabitants. It consis
ted in icbe almost complete demoli
tion of six large and costly plate glass
which constituted the front 01 the
elegant drug store of Dr. Able.
Nothing inside the store was disturb
ed. Bricks were the missiles used.
The act is generally conceded to be
r,hat of a white person or per
Gentlemen of the Jury.
The following are the grand jury
an i the petit jury for the first week.
Court convenes next Monday with
Judge Klugh presiding. ,
, , GEAND JURY.
J. 0. Uim^r J. 0. Witt
J. D. Byi d J. L Glover
L. G. Way T. E. Brigman
R. D. Lxyton S. C. Bickenbaker
W. A. Shuler J. B. Sutoliffe
J. D. McAlhaney Jas Cleckley
G. W. Shuler P. F. Sp!gn*r
M. D Koller J. I Toompson
W. M. Paden J. W. Jumper
0. S. Rutland G. W. Shoemaker
R.~M. Connelly W. L Felder
G. M. Salley C. H. Williamson
W. E. McCraw H. P. Rush
S. H. Bookhart Jas F. Bollin
H. E. Snell L. J Murden
I H. Zlnmerman F. O. PeDdarvis
H. C. Collinrs J. L L. Robinson
E. L. Culler P. E. Gibson
P. W. Hughes Frank .T. Byrd
W. D. Fogle C. B. Beson
W. R. Rumff A. L. Slngletary
H. Schuncff O. P. Cnx
J. Rhett Riley G. A. Stnoak
J. C. McMtohasl W. F. Cjoner
D. D. Buyck A. J.Morden
B. C. Finning D. S. Killer
W. 0. Fiiray H. N. Curr
Marrii d in Alken.
The Columbia State of last Friday,
published the following: Dr. Frank
II. Willii?is of this city and Miss
Carrie Eubaciks of Aiken ware m.\v
ried yesterday morning at 11 o'clock
in Aiken at the St. Johns Methodist
church in the Dresence of a large
number of friends of the happy c u
pie, tha Rsv. B. R. Turnipseed, pas
tor of St. Johns church, performing
the .^remony. Dr. Williams is the
pcpular young druggist at 908 Main
streel., and the bride is one of Aiken's
accomplished young ladies. Dr. and
Mrs. Williams will be at home at 819
Main street after D.c mher the. ."JOch.
"Dr. Williams is a native of Orange
burg, and his many friends here wish
him and his fair bride a long and hap
A lift ]>)>y Marriage.
At the home of the bride's parents
at Monroe, N. C, Thursday evening
December 21 instant, at 7 30 o'clock,
Mr. A. F. H. Dukes, of Branchvllle,
and Miss Annie E. Fletcher, were
married. The ceremony was perform
ed by the R*v. W. M. Watsnn, of the
Methodist C^urc'i. Miss Fletcher
now Mrs. Dukes, is no strangor a:.
Brarchville, having spent s>metime
with iwr friends, Mr. and M s. W. A.
Bass r urtni the summer. Mr. Dukes
s ore of the mo.st popular yourg
moc. in Branchvllle and the many
friends of these young people wel
come them to Branchville where they
will make their future home.
KILLED IN FLORIDA.
&A Orangeburg Negro Mee s With
a Tragic Death.
Some time last summer a negro
man by tbe name of John Thomas
while on a train on the Southern
Railway coming from St. Matthews
to Orangeburg pulled cut a pistol and
tried to shoos some one on tne tralu.
When the train slowed up juit before
entering Orangeburg Thomas jumped
i.ft and left for parts unknown. It
seems that he made his way to Flori
da, whore be got in trouble and was
shot to death by a mob or a pjlice of
ocer, whcm he had cut wich a kalfe.
The following letter, which, was re
ceived by Sheriff Dukes recently, says
a mob shot Thomas, while the article
we publish b?low says a police cifi jer
shot him. At all events be was killed
by some odo for his lawlessness. Her
ts the letter that was sent to Sheriff
Sv Pet'ers'-m-g, F.a., Doc 23
To the Sheriff of Orange-burg Couut>:
Was there a negro left your town
that you w?nted 07 T:he name of Law
rence Tho an-?. He murdered a poll ;e
man here on December 25. and 1
. caught him and put him in j ill, and
a mob took him and shot him I heard
he was wanted io yoar town and trial
there was a reward iffircdfor him.
He has a wile in Orangeburg by the
nam-o of Emma Taomas. Ha some
tlmes'wont o> the name of Mltchel,
but his name was Thomas.
W. J. MUJIPHY,
D puty Sher ff
A special dlsp^tca from St. Piters
burg, F/orida, says the coroner's jury
InvestJgatlce the killing of Capt. J J
Mltohell, ar d of John Thomas, colored
h*s rendered a verdict that dipt.
Mitchell came to his de ath at the hand 3
of the negro while in the discharge of
his duty, and that the nfgro met his
death from a pistol sbo* fired by Oa.pi;
Mitchell. The Utter feature of the
verdict cause ! surprise, as it was gen
erally bell vsd that the Degro rnri
b>-.en slain by a mob. Toe jury, how
ever, cl??ims to have bad proof that
dpt. Mitchell shot Che negro fatally
.ifr^r he hacs received a mortal knife
wound from him, and that tone nej?ro
was in dying condition when takea to
j3.il and acta i!ly dead berore trie mob
got possps^ion of him. Excitement, ran
high at; St. Petersburg all day Tues
day and there was some talk ab' u"
running all negroes out of town, but
tiuis proved ouly idle talk.
Taomas was a membar cf 2, good
family of negroes who live in this
ciov, and they deeply deplore his law
ie? conduce inFiorida, whJch brought
upon him the vengeance of the people
One of the happiest occasions our
festival season h?s yet offered was
celebrated on the evening of Dec 7 oh
:i9Q5, at the home of. Mr. and Mrs. O
B. Whetsell, by the marriage of their
daughter Maggie Liurella, to Mr.
Jona Wesley Moorer.
The grouoas about the home were
dazzling with torches. Friends and
relatives from all parts of the neigh
borhood assembled to witness the en
joyable event and partake of the boun
ty so kindly offered.
At 7:30 the pirlor which was b?au
tlfully decorated with cedar, holly,
mistletoe, and vines of evergreen,
blooming with chrysanthemums, was
opened, and all possible to assemble
within were in waiting, when the at
tendants entered as f Jilows.
Hugo WeUhurs, with Miss Carrie
Honry Wannamaker, with MIse
Purler Hutto, with Mi33 Lala Fel
Dinde Snell, with Miss Minnie
Lsmar Felder, with Miss Daisey
Ira Bull, with Miss Virgle Weath
Athius Moorer, with Mis3 Nettie
Oswell Wnetsell, with Miss Rosalie
Moorer followed by the bride and
Tne ceremony was performed by
Rev. J. T. McFirland of Elloree.
After a hearty congratulation by
all, the train led by Rjv. McFarland
retired to the dining room where a
bounty too rich and abundant for de
scription smiled upon them. The de
serts and fruits were served in a sep
arate apartment. But, permit us to
say, that it was almost equally pleas
leg to the eye as to the caste, when
we beheld the c ?kes supporting mina
ture cathedrals touched by an artist
The games of the evenincr were in
uocent and full of mirth. Everybody
tcok part and rejoiced in them. Ev<m
theso entering the Autumn of life
rejoicing in the springtime.
Ac a late hour, all retired to the-r
homes leaving the happy couple a
large number of valuable presents, and
again wishing them a loog, happy,
and useful life. W. 0. Puck.
At a meeting of the Bowman
Knights of. Pythias Friday night the
fallowing c tilers for Che ensuing year
were electea: Chancellor commander,
W. C. Wise; vice chancellor, B. ()
Evans; prelate, J. Tatmis Carter, M.
D ; master of works, A. F. Stic,
keeper records and seals, S. A. Fair;
master exchequer, W. L Bishup;
master finance, A. G Stroman; mas
ter at arms, J. L. Shuier, Inner guard,
J. D. Stroman; outsr guard,
Tnomas M. Riley; examining physi
cian, Dr. J. Thomas Cartor.
Bowman Lodge, Knights of Pythias,
was organized one year ago and its
membership has almost doubled. At
almost every convention of the lod^e
there are one or more r pplicatloos for
membership. The Installation of of
?cers will be held on next Wednesday
Tne Bowman Woodmen ci the
World met a f *w nltrhts ago and eh ct
e' Che following olhcars for the ensu
ir g year: W. C. Wise, consul cora
1 tender; T. M. Riley, adviser lieut
enant; J. Tnomas Carter, M. D,
banker; S. A. Fair, clerk; John W.
Ott, escort; A. F. Sain, watchman;
William H. Rast-, sentry.
Both of these lodges are composed
of good material and it is believed by
the friends of both lodges that the
membership will continue to grow in
the future as it has in the past.
Statistics Presented to Legislat ire by
tupt. 0. B. Martin.
There Has Bern a Larger Iooreaee
in Number of White Popils
Than of Oulorcd.
In bis annual report to tbe general
assembly, Hon. O. B. Martin, State
superintendent of education, gives
interesting figures in regard to tbe
enrollment of pupils in Ibe public
ic icols of the State.
There were in the schools of tbe
State for tbe fecal year ending June
30oh, 19J5, a total of 141 391 white
children and 161,272 colored, a grand
total of 302,663. For the same pe
rl id for tbe fiscal year 1904 there
were ?nrolled 135,527 whites and
15b 588 colored: making a grand total
of 292 115. This shows a gain of
5 864 wcice children and of 4,684
There were 2 661 white schools and
2 250 negro schools with an average
oi 52 whi "e pupils and 70 eclored to a
:-caoul.- Tne average number of white
pup'.ls toa teacher was 38; colored, 64.
Tri? white schools showed an average
of 24 1 weeks for a session while the
calico, schools had 15 5. Toe number
of schools noowed an increase ot 7
white an;' 44 colored* over the year
The receipts and expenditures for
rJ-jr. flicil year 1905 were p-s follows:
RjcJpti: Poll tax. 8183,901; 3
mill tax, 1619 863 80; dispensary
fund. 8210.971 42; ixtr* levy. 8236,
109 71; other sourcto, 859 386 29; to
tal, 81 681 599 54. /
Expenditure.-.; Teachere, 81 089,
280 12; total expenditures," 81 3u4,
629 14; bailee on nand Juae 30,
19.4, was 8376 970 10.
Recipts ?frai year 1904; Poll tax,
tI85 541 01; 3 mill- r,ax, S?^ 212 71;
dHpennary. $236 795.52; extra levy,
8200,868.25; other sources. 843 534.15;
Local revenue, $1,565 135 74. an lu
creasa for \Qu5 of 8L10,000 in round
Jo will be observed that for tbe
BsO'al year 19;5 the dispensary profits
are nearly as much as for the year
preceding when really this does not
represent the profits of the dispensary
for the calendar year running from
January to January, and from the
evidence brought out in the'dispen
sary investigation the school fund
may show a falling eff in dispensary
profits for the fhc.il year ending June
following is the enrollmont by
counties for the year ending June 30,
1905: White, nred.
Abbeville.:. 2,835 5 952
Alken. 3 779 4.729
Anderson. 8,803 5,454
Bamberg._ 1,467 2,753
Barnwell/,.. 2 445 4 361
Bsaufort. 509 3,183
Berkeley. 1,825 3,867
Charleaton. 5 034 8,951
I Cherokee. 3,879 1,068
Chester. 2,180 4 301
Chesterfield. 2,767 1 403
Clarendon. 1,995 4,529
ColletOn. 3,833 2,320
Darlington. 2,766 3 876
Dorchester. 1,7* 5 1.55(1
Elgefield.?.... 1,930 4 250
Fail field. 1,768 5,591
Florencs. 3 156 3,405
Georgetown. 1,317 2 716
Greenville. 9 832 4 191
Greenwood. 2,382 4,93'J
Hampton. 2 288 2,554
Horry. 4 520 ] 262
Korsbaw. 2,202 3,091
Lancaster. 3,577 3 064
Liurens. 3,297 4 853
Leo.*.. 1,893 3,0(.*e
Lexington. 4 471 2 322
Marion. 4,419 4,Kit
Marlboro. 2 318 3,396
Newberry. 2 835 4 740
Osonee. 4 485 1.163
|-Orangeburg. 5 261 10 231
Bickens. 4,224 1,184
Rlchland. 3.570 5,864
Saluda. 2 679 2 799
Sumter. 2,084 5 353
Union. 3 318 3,438
Williamsburg. 2,774 3,542
York;. 4 532 6,093
Tbe statistics as to the enrollment
by racas in the town and country
schools Is as follows:
Towns: Wnltes, 40,838; colored,
.Country: White, 100,553; colored,
Average attendance cf whites In
town, 27.609; in country, 65 020
Average attendance of colored chil
dren in town, 21,684; .n the country,
The vast disparity betweon enroll
ment and average attendance suggests
that it might be advisable to have
ihooi finds apportioned upon an en
rollment based on average attendance
rather tban upon the number of
names on the scho >1 teachers' b^oks
Tl.is would prevent aay padding of
Artllio-al or C >mo?i( Sioac.
The General Manufacturing Com
pany, whose purpose is to manufas
ture ell kinds of cement products,
insludtng building blocks, fence posts
fences and all kinds of ornamental
work: has been organ1/. :d, and will
mauufac ure this class of work and
offer Harce to the puollc about Jannr
ary Bfteenh npXj. Toe plant wiil Oe
situated in Orangeourg. This ma
terial i-i rapidly coming to the front
as a building rr.eteriai. For icforma
tiou call on Wm. C. Wolfe, Jos. A.
Berrv or Thos. F. Brantiy. or address
the General Manufacturing Company
Orangeburg. S. C.
Cameron Lodire. No. 29, met on the
evening of Dec. 26, and after routine
business elected the following officers
to servo for the ensuing year. W. A.
Rast, C C.; M R Evans, V. C ; I. D
Gramling, Prelate; T. J. Jackson, W.
W.; I. H. Zimmerman, K. R. S : A.
O. Rickenbaker, M. F.:F. I. Culler,
M. Ex.; E M. Rist, M. A ; C. C
Slaughter, I G : H. B. Bair, u. G.;
The officers will be installed at the
Methodist Church at Cimeron on
Tuesday at the u-.ua! hour. The pub
lic are cordially invited to attend.
\ TEE MURPHY RE WART)/
Mr. Eiitrell Trills Who Oaght to
Editor Times and Democrat:
I notice in your pacer of Dec. 27
inst. an article copied from the Aug
usta Chronicle* about the 8200 00 dol
lars regard for the capture ard de
livery of D. C Murphy, which I think
unfair to tbe Sheriff of Swainsboro, if
ever a man was entl'.led to tbe reward,
-J. W. Fields sheriff of Swainsboro
Gi., is entitled to the reward in this
case. The c ff er is 8200.00 for the ar
rest and delivery to the Penitentiary
Authorities. The Augusta parties for
the offer of 825,00 arrested Murph"
and received the $25.00 fcr bis deliv
ery to the authorities of Emanuel
County Ga. They brought and paid
for the work and received the goods,
and as the property paid for did de
liver the goods to Capt. GrifflDh in
person and if j istice is done Mr. J.
W. Fieldi Sherill of Swainsboro Ga.,
will receive the reward. If just tell
ing the Governor where you uellevcfl
a cdminal is wo lid entitle y.,u to a
reward, then by all meaus I am the
party pntitled to it for if I bad not
?ent Murphv's picture to the sheriff
down there Murphy would in all prob
ability be at large now, but I do not
make any cliim nor would 1, for I am
cot entitled to it neitber are the Aug
usta authorities, especially Chief
N trris ard Howard who did nut mak?
boe arrest nor c'elivary. I enclose yt.u
p. cl pplng from a G> orgia paper thai.
Is my sentlm^s cxa-et y. Please pub
ltsh it along with this.
G B. KlTTRELL.
Frank Smith the horse thief and
would be Suicide, who afterward turn
td out to bd D. C. Murphy, who was
an esciped murderer i f south Caro
Una, has bsen deliver.'d to rhe pen!
tentHry guard of Columbia, S C, and
* ill fi lish a lifo time sentence there.
There was a reward of $200,00 for
Murphy and Sierlff Fields of this
place is urqiestionably entitled to it
because Murphy was only serving a
short Zrijjn for horse stealing, and uad
not sheriff Fields bad eyes and ears
open, as he always does, Murphy who
was promenading under the name of
Smith, would have served out his time
and would n6verhave been apprehend
Sheriff Fields suspected that some
thing more wan behind Smich than
mere horse stealing and began corres
pondence with various parties in South
Carolina. Theifirst guard whocime fall
ed to identify S^alth but a second pos
itively identified him and took him to
The police authorities in Augusta
who captured Smith for horse stealing
are claiming the reward but there Is
nothing to their claim for they re
ceived the 825 reward which was out
for the crime for horde stealing. Sher
iff Fields is therefore entitled to the
8200 reward and will get it unless
something rotten 13 done In the mat
Ten Cant Cotton,
A revolution in the life of a third of
the United States is bound up in three
wordf, "Tim Cent Cotton," fays Ar
thur M. Pagp, in the World's Work for
January. After describing the deso
lite condition cf the South before the
lise in the price in cotton, and some
of the contrasting c additions that
came with the risa, he adCs:
A similar change has tak-in place ill
through the cotton b 'It. The farmers
are building new bouses, buying bet
ter tools, educating their children and
putting money in the b^.nk. Waal
has rrada the change? Toe cotton
crop in the last two years has brought
the S-0th more than enough money
to pa> off the national debt. In 1902
3 fur the first time in thirteen years
It brought more than ten c?nts a
pound. That was the year of the sco
ond great emancipation. It meant fi
m3rc al Independence to rare than
11,000,000 people. The proclamation
wa3 just the three words, "ten-cent
How 3triking is the charge is shown
by the figures that Mr. D. A. Tomp
kins, of Charlotte, N. O., presented
in his speech before the Snreveport
Convention in December, 1904,
"Spcaklrg roughly and in average
figure , the production and gross in
come from cotton since the civil war
? Fir.^t decade, 3 500,000 bales at 24
cents a pound, equal $200,000,000.
Second decide, 5,000.000 bales at 12
cants a pound, equal $300,000,000
Taird decade, 10,000.000 bales at 0
cents a pound, equal $300 000,000.
Fourtn decade, 10.000 000 bales ah
10 cents a pound, equal 8500.000,000
T?e cnange. in tue price meaus a
gain of 8200jOOO.OOO a year to the
Southern people. It is t::e difference
between process and poverty.
Trlbufo of It^cp^ct. (
Whereas, Mrs. H&ttieO. Brunson
has bavn removed uoai tur midst by
death, It Is
R:solvd, That by her death the
Pxul McMlchael C !a*>te: has lost a
ia.ithful and deviled member. Ais
Caalrman of the C immlttae on Char
ity she did a ;:o :d work, and thus
enabled us to alleviate the needs of
others. Oae of her last deeds was to
assist In serving dinner to cur old
veteran? during the recent cirnlval.
Her kindly and gracious manner will
bi sadly missed by her friends
Resolved, That the sympathy of
this Chapter be conveyed to the
children and relatives or deceased
member, commlting them, In this
huur of tiiier hereavemeut, to the
kindly consolation of our Heavenly
Resolved, That a blank page of
our ? minute-book be dedicated to
Rosa Rich, Secretary,
Paul McMlchael Chapter, U. D. C.
Killed by Train,
Clarence Plnson, a young white man
about- thirty yeirs of ago was killed
by a tnlu at Bhcksburg Friday
night of last week. It seems that the
youu?r m.:n, who reslJ.es in Cleveland
county, North Cir.jlina, hid alighted
from the train and was on his way to
visit bH father wben the tralu stru:k
mm. His body was mangled aid he
only lingered a stiort w?ile. Ha was
trie only son of James Pinson who
lives fjur mile3 from Blacksburg.
TO TAKE ACTION.
The Policy bolders of the Insurance
Companies to Mre*.
~--ilIn view of the widespread interest
in life insurance and the etiorts that
may be mar'e at the approaching an
nual meetings' to obtain control of the
companies, It has been deemed wise
by some of the South Carolina policy
holders in the New York Life and the
Mutial Life to bold a meeting of the
pollcybolders in South Carolina for the
purpose of organizing an association
and to secure proper representation of
the policyholders at the annual meet
ing of these companies, wbice will be
held in the spring. The object of
this meeting will be to secure the
policyholders in their r'g'its and it is
aot the purpose to Invjivs th^ orn
panles in litigation or take any other
action which might tenri to lmrair
the value of the polices. There will be
n? coat upon any policy holder who par
ticipates in this meeting.
? All policyholders who ar?. in svnc
pa'-by with these purposes cs-outlfned
above are requested to notify the com
mittee named below, or any one of
them, whetber it will be agreeable to
attend either In person or by proxy
the meeting to be held in the city of
Columbia on the l?th day of January
at norm in the citv council chamber
"(Signed) W. M. Earner, Dillon; L
W. Parker, G'eenvlllf; J. A. Fant,
Union; P. A. Wllccx. Florenz: B. F.
vtauldin, Anderson; J. C. Sn-*ppard,
Edgefie.ld: S T. McCn>v7, Spirtan
bunr: T. H Kstchln, Wln^sbrrro; J.
M Kinard, Newberry; J. K Durst,
Greenwood;L?roy Springs. Liocsster;
T R Ko*>n, Orangeburg;.I L.Glenn,
Chester; E L Lloyd,Gtotgftown; T.
B StackhnuKe and Jas. A. Hoyt, Co
lumbia; J. H. Manning. Litta.
"Committee: W. M. Earner, Dillon;
T. B. Stsck buse. Columbia: Jas. A.
N2GE03S MUST WORK.
Or Be Supplanted by White Laborers
in the South.
The chief subject for discussion of
the American Economic Association
at Baltimore last week was "The Eco
nomic Fature of the N gro." The
discussion was participated in by
Cbas. L. Rapsr, University of North
Carolina; R C Bruce Tuskegee insti
tute, and Theodore Marburg of Balti
more. W. E. Dubols of Atlanta uni
versty and Alfred Holt Stone of Mis
sissippi read papers.
Tue greatest faot In the negro's
past economic history Mr. Stone be
lieves to have been the absence of
white competition in the South" The
gravest factor In his future is the
steady Increase of such competition
He quoted numerous authorities on
the effect of this competition in
Northern cities in driving negroes in
to menial occupations, and concluded
than the masses of the race had but
little to hope for in this sec'ion. In
tec; the leaders of tbe negro, with
singular unanimity, agree that the
destiny of their people must be work
ed out in the South, and upon the
soil. Hence the ques'iicn of white
c unpetlon In tbe South becomes one
of paramount importance.'
Mr. Stone quoted at considerab'e
length from statistical data,gathered
by himself, showing the comparative
results obtained by negroes and Ital
ians growing c-jtton side by side. The
figures covered a series of years, and
showed that when the two classes
worked under identical conditions on
the same plantation, the Italfan ac
complished very much more than the
n?gro, both in the amount of cotton
produced and in the matter of saving
what be earns. Mr. Stone savs that
the ability of the white foreigner suc
cessfully to grow cotton in competi
tion with tne negro i3 no longer a
matter of question or experiment. As
to the extent to which they will come
into the South and supplant the negro,
he does not express an opinion, but
thinks It will largely depend on ?,he
negro himself. If the latter eem-inues
to Invite such competitlo i by Ms im
providence and unreliability, ui.-ques
tionably it will come. When it does
come, there seems to be nothing In
such a situation to prevent a repeti
tion of the disastrous results already
witnessed in the South.
state ok Ohio, City ok Toledo /
Lucas County. .)
Frank .J. Cheney makes oath that
he is sei ior partner of the linn of K. .1.
Cheney & Co , doing business in the
City of Toledo, County and State
aforesaid, and that said tirm will pay
the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL
LARS for each and every case of Ca
torrh that cannor< be cured by the use
of Hall's Catarrh Cure.
Fuank J. Cheney.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this (ith day of De
cember, A. D. 1886.
a. W. Gleasok,
(Seal) Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Inter
nally, and acts directly on the blood
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Send for testimonials free.
F. j. Cheney & Co*. Toledo, O.
Sold by all dr ggists. 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con
The eastbound Denver and Rlc
Grande passenger train from Silver
tun, we'l loaded wi'oh passengers,
was wn eked three mi es from Dur
ango, Colo-; Monday and while nc
one was kilied, a Urge number of tne
passengers were Injured, 12 of them
quite seriously. The chair car roll
ed down an embankment dragging the
other cars on their sides for over 400
feet. Then the engine aud train was
brought to a stop, the engine tender
nearly tipping over, while the drive
wheels of tbe engine were running
on the ties. Owing to intense cold
which prevailed the Injured passen
gers suffered greatly.
M!??- Goldberg, 22 yaars old, sis'er
of B. B. Goldberg, a merchant <.f New
York, was burned at their wiut'.r
home at Thomasvi?e, Georgia , on
Wednesday. Her dress caught lire
from a soove. S ia ran Into a hall,
where here brother, la attempting tc
strip off her durning cloches, was
himself severely burned. Miss Gold -
SHOBT NKVVri ITEMS
From Orangeburg and Other Coun
ties in South Carolina.
Picl:ed Up and Scissored from Our
jExch&njres for the Conven
ience of Busy Readers.
Give this lonesom3 world a smile.
E V7 in the heart of a woman is a
wcrm on a petal of a rose.
You can't get happiness bj taking
>t a *ray from seme one else.
In Germany it is the newcomer's
duty to make the first social call.
Make borne worth living In. There
is no better way than to get some
nie ^ pieces of furniture.
Morgan Sbuler, a colored farmer
of ihe Cameron section, killed a hog
last week that weighed over six hun
Frank Steunenberg a former gover
nor of Idaho, was killed at his front
gate in Boise Oity on Saturday by a
bomb. Toe assassin is unknown.
Mrs. Mary Ann Rush, an old and
highly respected resident of the Came
ron section, died at the residence of
M>*. John L. Bast, on Monday night.
The watch advertised In The Times
and Democrat as being found proved
to be the property of Mr. E. F. Mirtin
of EUoree. It has been delivered to
The Cresent stock Company will
open a week's engagement at the
Academy of Music next Monday even
ing at popular prices.
Mrs. Yetta Vosbrand of Chlcagp.
presented her husband on Christmas
day with triplets, having previously
presented him with two pairs of
There will be a special meeting of
Orange Lodge, No. 34, K. of P. on
Friday evening, January 5, at 7 30
o'clock. Conferring of ranks and in
sulation of officers <
James Leary, colored, was struok
and badly hurt -by a train at St.
Georges one day last week. He lives
at Dorchester and had gone to St.
Georges to pay bis taxes.
If you are in need
kind call and see
about a gassoline r
agent f r the Blakesl ey, which is the
Mr. H. C. Stoll I ,as removed his
place of business t o the Carolina
House, where he will be pleased to see
his friends and cust< imers. Look out
for his notice next w eek.
Tue first Quirterl y Conference of
Edisto Circuit will t e held at Union
Church on January 13. Preaching
Saturday and Sunda ? morning by the
Presiding Elder, JRev. Marion Dar
Little O'g* Hyejr, the pretty 12
year-old daughter cif Mr. and Mrs.
W. P. Hyer of Charleston, was acci
dentally shot with k gun on Tuesday
by a lad named ClFff jrd Stokes and
died on Wednesday/.
Mr. and Mrs; H.: C. Black, of Gulf
port, Miss., pajld a Rhort visit to .th9
family of Mr.LS
Mr. and Mrs.
turg fiorre ye
is their daug
was found de
There was n
He was co
home and it
was caused b
The in fan
Mrs G. W
1 joke, sent
age and sa
J. F. Ga
tors of Gn
lived in Orange
(o and Mrs. Copes
an old color, d man
fa Saturday morning,
dence of foul play,
log when he left
probable hi3 ^death
lighter of Rev. and
s, of Swansea, died
ains were carried to
Interment. The be
ave tbe sympathy of
their deep affliction,
ith curious Ideas of
j Moeliman of St.
oud as a "Christmas
en he opened the pack
hat it was the excite
e him, and he died of
y & Son, large contrac
nville. have been declared
y the United States court,
itles 800,000 and their as
This is the same firm
our new graded school
superintendents of schools
nual meeting In Columbia
adopted a resolution that
inion children should not
0 school before they are,
ars old. This resolutions
carried Into effect. \
Rev. Wugh C. Marobant, of the
?lontarJfConference prerched at St.
Pauls Tm 'thodlst Church Sunday
night. / Mr. Mirena ni is a .sou of our
fellowt/ow' sman D. H. Marohant, and
hi. a tailented yruou man. His sermon
Sundafv niijht was a good one, and
was enjoyed by all.
Rev/. P. L McGbert. tb<> new Pastor
cf Sfc.l Paul's Methodist C1 urch, ar
rived/ in the city on Friday morn
ing, <>nd was warmly welcm^d by his
peoplje. He was uccox,p'.r i-;d by Mrs.
McGpee and their two children The
famify Is now domicile! In the parson
Rev. P. L. McG'iee, the new Pastor
of I St. Paul's Methodist Church,
preached his ?'S*", sermon here on Sun
day' morning. Notwithstanding the
Increment weather he had a fair con
gregation to hear him. Mr. McGhee
is A strong preacher and wa feel as
sured that be will do a geed work In
iA row occurred at a dance at the
hefme of Toney Biles in Broods, Ga.,
op Thursday night over the question
Of who should dance with a c :rtain
belle of the ball. A tight with pistols
ensued, in which Mr. Jsiles was killed
and three other men were seriously
wounded. The handy pistol contin
ues to get in its deadly work.
Killed by Drnnlcen Negroes.
j As a result of the prcralscous firing
of their revolvers by a party of nfgroes
'noisily celebratirg C^r'stmnsat Mem
phis, Tann., Frank Boston, a promi
ucnt attorney of that citv was shot
and fatally wounded. Mr. Potson
was standing on the sidewalk in the
vicinity of bis home when the' party
jf negroes appeared and was struck
by a bud.r from the revolver of one
Gf the party. He ?-'led .from the ef
fects of his wounds shortly.