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WHY HE DID IT.
T%e President Gives Good and
*? _ .. ^ I myi* .1 I ...?r -i i.i-> .-:'ir-- ?'_? ... >';'.
Ssffident Reasons far
HIS REGENT ORDER
iScaarglflj Certain Negro Soldiers fron
tte (Toiled Suits Army Without
Honor. He Makes No Apol
ogy sod Says He Weald
De It Again.
In response to the senate resolu
tion calling for an investigation in
the ?'shooting up" of Brownsville by
segro soldiers and there subsequent
dlsmissall therefor, President Boose
velt sentito the aesate * complete re
port or the affair. The report is one
?2 the strongest papers ever prepared
by the president, and is a conclusive
answer to his critics. We make some
extracts from the report, which will
be read with interes. The president
I am glad to avail myself of the op
portunity afforded by there resolutions
to lay, before the congress the follow
ing facts as to the murderous conduot
t>f certain members of the oompai ies
in question and as to the conspiracy
by which many of the other members
of these companies saved the crimi
nals kit jutict, to ifce dltgiaie of
the United States uniform.
I call your attention to the accom
panying reports of Maj. Augustus P,
Blookaom. of Lieut. Col. Leonard A.
Lovaring and of Brig. Gen. E truest A.
Garlington, the inspector general, of
she United States army, of their in
vestigation into the conduot of the
troops in question. An effort ban
been made to discredit the fairness of
the iovestlgaation into the conduct of
these colored troops by pointing out
that Gen. Garhhgton is a Southerner.
Precisely the same action would bave
been taken bad the troops been white
?Indeed, ihe discharge would proba
bly have been made in more summary
Gen. Garlington Is a native of South
Carolina; Lieut. Col. Lovering is a na
tlvrof New Hams hire; Mai. Blook
som is a native of Ohio. As it hap
pent, the disclosure of the guilt of
the troops was made in the report of
she officer who comes from Ohio, and
the efforts of an officer who comes
from South Carolina were confined to
she endeavor to shield the innocent
men of the companies in question, if
any such there were, by a curing in
formation which would enable us ad
equately to punish the quUty. But
I wish it dlstlnoly understood that
the fact of the birthplace of either of
ficer la one which I absolutely refuse
The standard of professional honor
and of loyalty to the flag and the ser
vice is the same for all officers and all
. enlisted men of the United States
army, and I resent with the keenest
indignation any effort to draw any
line among them based upon birth
place, creed, or any other considera
tion of the kind. I should put the
same entire faith in thes reports if it
bad happened that they were all made
by men coming from some one State,
whether in the South or the North,
the Bast or the West, as I now do,
when, as it happens, they were made
by offiaers born lh different States.
Mfcj B.ocksom'a report Is most
careful, is based upon Ihe testimony
of scores of eye-witnesses -teatl
mony which' conflicted only In non
sssentlals and which established the
essential facts beyond chance of suc
cessful ocntraniction. Not only has
no successful effort been mads to tra
verse hia findings ib any essential par
tlctlar, but, as a matter or fact, every
trustworthy report from outsiders
amply corrobates them, by. far the
beat of these outside reports being
that of Gen. A, B. Nettleton, made
in a letter to the secretary of war,
whioh I herewith append; Gen. Net
tleton being an ex-Dhioa soldier, a
consistent friend of the colored man
throughout bis life, alifelnng Bepub
Moan, a citizen of Illinois, and assis
tant secretary of the treasury under
The attack was made near mid
night on Auguit 13. Tne following
tacts as to this attack are made clear
by Maj. Blcoksom's Investigation and
have not been, and, In my judgment,
can not be, successfully controverted
From 9 to 15 or 20 of the colored sol
dlers took part in the attack. They
leaped over the walls from the bar
racks and hurried through the town.
They shot at whomever Key saw mov
ing, and tbey shot into hiu-es where
they Baw lights. In some of these
houses there ?ere wom>-n and child
ren, as the would be murderers musi
have known, in one he use In which
there were two women and five child
dren some ten shots went througa at
a height of about four and a half feet
above the floor, one putting out the
lamp upon the table. The lieutenant
of police of the town heard the firing
and rode toward it. He met the raid
ers, ?ho, as he stated, were about 15
colored soldiers. They instan ly start
ed firing upon him. He turned and
rode off, and they oontlnaed firing
upon him uutll they had killed his
horso They shot bim in the right
arm (It was afterwards amputated
above 4ha elboi-) A nujab?r of shoia
were also flrtd a> two other policemen.
The raMera fired aevsrai tlrrei into a
betel, some of the shots being aimei
at a guest sitting oy a window Tnev
s: ot into a aaloous killing the barten
der and wounding anoirer man. A<.
the same time oibar raiders fired infcj
another house in whioh woman and
children "ere Bleeping, vtwo of the
shots gi i- g through tha mosquito bar
over the b c la ^hlch the mistress of
the houa* ani fcer swo oaiidren were
lying. Several Oiher houee?, were
struck by bullets. It was ac night,
and toe streets of the town are poorly
ligoted, so thao none uf ihe individu
al raiders were recognized, but the
evidence of many wiin bses of all class
es was conclusive to the effect tuate the
raiders were ^egro soldiers. The shat
tered bullets, shehB, and clips of the
'me- . OUR BUSINESS.
If a man loves a maid.
. That's bis business.
Ii a maid loves a man,
That's her business.
If. theyi Snarry,
But When They Want Sash, Doors, Blinds, Lime, Cement Plaster,
Hay, Corn and Oats in Car Lots, Rice Flour, Wheat Bran, Field Seed.
THAT'S OUR BUSINESS.
We carry the largest and best stock and at lowest prices.
i government* rifles, which were found
on the ground, ere merely oarrobora
! tire. So are the bullet holds in the
houses; some of which it appears must,
from, the direction, have been fired
from the fort just at the moment
when the soldiers left It. Not? bullet
hole appears in any of the structures
- of the fort.
The townspeople were completely
surprised by the unprovoked and mur
derous ss'rageryoi the attack. The
soldiers were the aggressors from start
to finish. They met with no substan
tSal resistance, and one and all who
took part In that raid stand as delib
erate murderous, who did murder one
i man, who tried to murder others, and
who tried to murder women and chil
dren. The act was one of horrible
atrocity, and so far as I am aware,
unparalled Jot infamy in the annals
of the United States army.
The white officers of the companies
were completely taken by surprise,
and at first evidently believed that
firing meant .that the townspeople
were attaklng the soldiers. It was not
until 2 or 3 o'clock in the morniup
that any of them became aware of the'
truth. I have directed a careful in
vestigatlon into the conduct of the
offieeiS; to see if any of there were
blame-worthy, and I have approved
the recommendation of the war de
partment that two be brought before
as to be noncommissioned officers
and eolisted men, there can be no
doubt whatever that many were neo
essarily privy, after if not before the
attack, to cue oonduot of those who
took actual par t in this murderous
riot. I refer to Maj. Blocksom's report
for proof of the fact that ctirtalniy
<ome ?nd probably all of the nonoom
missioned officers in charge of quar
tan who were responsible for tihe gun
racks and had keys hereto ill their
personal possession knew whin men
were engaged in th attack.
b. ajor Fenrose, in command of the
post, in his his letter (tnoluded in the
appendix) gives the reaiins why he
was reluctantly convinced that tome
of the men under him?as he thinks,
from seven to ten?got their rifles,
slipped out of quarters to do the
^booting, and returned to the bar
racks without being discovered, the
ihooting all occurring within two and
a half short blocks of the barracks.
It was possible for the raiders to go
from the fort to the farthest point of
firing and return in less than 10 min
utes, for the distanoe did not exceed
Snoh are the facts of this ea>e.
General Nettleton, in his letter here
with appe ded, states that neat door
to where was he writing in Brownsville
is a small cottage where a children's
party had just broken op before the
nouse was riddled by United States
outlets, fired by United States troop*
from United States Springfield rifles,
at close range, with the purpose of
tilling or maiming the inmates,
inoludlng the parents and child
ren who were stlU in the well
lighted house, and whose escape from
death nnder such circumstances was
astonishing. He states that on
another street he looks upon fresh |
ouUefc sears where a volley from slmi
lar government rifles was fired into
the side anc windows of a hotel ocou
pied at the time by sleeping or fright
ened guests from abroad who could
n. t posslblv ha >e given any tfTsnae to
the assailant*. He writes that the
chief of the Brownsville police is
again on duty fr jm the I ospital, and
carries an empty sleeve because be
was shot by federal soldiers from the
adjaoent garrison in the course of
(heir murderous foray; and not far
away is the fresh grave o'a nonoffend
lng citizen of th < place, boy in years
who was wantonly shot down by
these United States soldiers while
attempting to escape.
The effort to confute this testi
mony ?io far has consisted in the
assertion or implication that the
townspeople shot one another in or
der to dl oredlt the soldiers?an
absurdity too gross to need discussion
and unsupported by a shred of evl
sold on asy payments. Good pri
excliaii e. Second-hand Machines
parts a ud attachments furnished *
attention, to mail orders.
New Bicycles SuM?
Also Bicycle parts and er a t? * f
General Repair Shop for ? e snug
Give me your work. Satisfactioi
J. H. Si
Market Street ? ? Op
dence. There is no question ob tt
the murder and the attempted mur
den; there is no question that some ol
the soldiers w*egnilty rbereof, then
is no question that nanr of their
oomrades privy to the deed have com
blned to shelter the ertmipal* from
justice, These comrades of the mur
derers, by the r own action, havr
rendered it necessary either to leave
all the men, including the murderer*
in the army, or to turn them all out:
and under such oiroumstanees ther
was no alternative, for the uaefulne?
of the army would be at an end werr
we to permit such an on1 rage to b
committed with immunity,
In short tbe evldeoce proves eon
cinsifoly that a number of soldie?
engag8d in a deliberate and concert*
attack, as coo. blooded as it was oo -
ardly; tbe purpose being to terroriz
the community, and to kl I or lnj ir
men, woman, and children in their
homes and bads nr on the streets, an
this at an bour of the night when oon
certed or tffective resistance or de
fense was out of tbe question.
&ud wnen detection b* identifiaatloi
of the criminals in the United State*
uniform was well nigh lmpoulb'e
So much for the origllnal orlme. a
blanker never stained the annuals o'
onr army. It has been supplemented
by another on y lees blo? i, in tbe
shape of a successful conspiracy of
silence for the pnrprse of shielding
those who took oart in the origlna
conspiracy of* murder. These soldier
were not sobool boys on a frolic.
They were full grown men, in the un
ifirm ?f *? m U'it'd ^?ts ?TTWV
Continued on Page 3.
Troubled Badly for Several Years
With Eczema on Limbs and
Wrists ? Physicians Prescribe
Without Any Benefit-Blotches
Now All Gone.
ANOTHER WONDERFUL ?
CURE BY CUTICURA
"For several years I was troubled
badly with rm eczema on my limbs and
wrists. Physicians in several towns
had prescribed for me without giving
me ? any results. I had often used
Cuticura Ointment and received relief
temporarily. In the spring of 19041 took
the Cuticura Resolvent Pius and used the
Cuticura Ointment for about five weeks,
and at the end of that time there was not
a blotch on me anywhere. This spring I
took a few vials of the Cuticura Resolvent
Pills as a precautionary measure, and
will continue to do so every spring simply
as a spring tonic, as they are so easy
to carry with you, and they certainly
fix your blood for the ensuing year.
I now use only Cuticura Soap.
"The Cuticura Ointment and Pills
certainly cured me of an aggravated
case of eczema, and if it wiu help any
other sufferer you are at liberty to use
this letter. Respectfully, St. Clair Mo
Vicar, San Antonio,Texas, July 0,1905."
In Baths With Cuticura Soap and
Anointings With Cuticura,
the Great Skin Cure
Soak the feet on retiring in a strong,
hot, creamy lather of Cuticura Soap.
Dry, and anoint freely with Cuticura
Ointment, the great Skin Cure. Band
age lightly in old, soft cotton or linen.
For itching, burning, and scaly eczemas,
rashes, inflammations, and chaflngs of
the feet or hands, for redness, rough
ness, cracks and fissures, with brittle,
shapeless nails, and for tired, aching
muscles and joints, this treatment works
wonders in a single night.
Cutlcur* So?p, Ointment, ?nd art told thronghonl
tht. world. Potter Drug t Chun. Corp.. Sole I'rops.,
Balten,Mam. rUrSuiU for, "Uow to Cure Erery Humor."
:es allowed for old Machines in
*rom $5.00 to $15.00. Also
>U standard makes. Prompt
0 Easy Payments.
arnished for all standard make*
Machines, Bicycles, Guns. Clock*
posite New Postoffice.
The People's Bank,
Orangeburg, S. C.
Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profits.$50,000,00.
D. 0? Herbert ? ? ? President. H. 0. Wannamaker v. ? Gashier.
B. F. Muckenfuss - - Vice President. W. M. Richardson ? Asst. Cashier.
W. C- Crum Robt. E- Copes D? 0> Herbert
nJ3? F, Muckenfuss A"- M- Salley Abial Iathroo
?. L. Salley W? L &laze H.C? Wannamaker
"A Bank for ALL the People."
Remember: We pay interest in the Savings Department at the rate of 4 per cent per annum?
We issue Certificates of Deposit at the rate of 41-2 per cent
We accommodate our customers whether times are hard or not?
Deposit your money with us?
Absolute security guaranteed.
Any of Which wiH^Hake; Useful Xmas Presents.
Knives and Forks
Silver Table Pipces
Fine China Pieces
Lamps, Water Sets
Brass Fire Doge
Arthur Hardware Co.,
St. Matthews and Elloree, S. C.
! The Edisto Savings BmoI,
;okangeburg, s. c
Capital.$100,000.00. Surplus. $W,00Q.QQ.
B. H. Moss, President. J. M. Oliver. Vice President.
P. S. Dibble, Vice President. Win. L. (?ove-r, Ca-ilii* r.
M. O. Dantzler J. M. Oliver W. R. Lowman W F. Fa'rev
B. H. Moss T. C Doyle Sol Koim j. w. Smoak
Money saved is money made, and the way i > s ive is to deposit 1 OUr
money in the savings departraeiL and draw im eresi on I ie fi'sr
January. Ap II, July an?1 )ctooer at the rate of f ur per cent nc ??????"
This bank's abs olut *atety is best attested by ' -: capita' rock.it
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Offices, 8, 9, 10 Scoville Building
Hours 9 A. M to 5 P. M.
I Ladies in attendance.
Call for "Health Book."
Office Second st^y Edisto Building,
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Office hours 8 am. 6d.
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Buy Lowman's Liver Lifters.
Take Lowman's Liver Lifters.
Use Lowman's Liver Lifters.
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Ferris Lithia Water. For ale
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10WMAN & SHECUT,
Physicians and Surgeons,
City and County Calls Accetped
Lowman Drug Company,
Orangeburg, S C.
W. HAMPTON D?KES,
rHRBH FINE HTCAR8ED ?TO OTB
City and Countv Service.
Victor Talking Machines.
Records, 4oc, 60c, 81.00.
Cash or on easy payments.
J. H. SMITH
The Shooting Season
better bring me your gun
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ot good stock of guns,
and everytning for the
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