Newspaper Page Text
1? Ii HUB
Origins of Shapes of Pretzels,
Buns and Cakes.
THE SCHWA ANERKUCHEN
It Commemorates a Kindly Act of
Many Ycsura Ago.?The Curious
Birth of the "Hair Monkeys"?
Crescent -Shaped Rolls Invented
When tins Turks Besieged Vienna.
Who wovld think of the pretzel as
astronomical symbol or the hot cross
ban as a missionary document? Yet
& Is said that originally the one was
Intended to represent the sun and
the four seasons and the other to
convert pajran England to Christian
ity. The former is declared to have
been-first made by the Romana, who
called It the annnlus?a word they
are said to have formedTout of annus,
a year?^by' which they meant a year
ring. The year represented the
?un'a annual circuit and the four
?pokes the seasons^. It was tfter
waxd known under names ir the
more norther^ countries of Europe
There are two stories of the origin
of the hot cross bun. The Christian
missionaries to England are said to
fcave discovered that, although they
could alter the views of the people
on religious matters, they could not
Induce them to abandon their time
honored pagan customs. One of
?these was the eating of a certain kind
of cake in honor of the Goddess of
Spring. They decided to put the
sign of the cross on the Saxon buns
and launch them forth on a mission
ary enterprise. The buns accom
plished their mission.
The other story is that In early
times in the observance of Holy
Week the Church was more strict in
the matter of fasts than now. Only
at certain amount of food could be
Oaten. This was indicated by two
boundary marks made in the dough
to show the length and width of the
^dece. The loaves were sold in
churches and were carried from place -
to place by pilgrims. So th*. cus
tom of crossing the bread used on
Good. Friday became fixed.
These are not the only kiuds of
shapes of bread whose origin has
been traced to odd circumstances.
The crescent shaped rolls which one
sees in some parts of the city had a
curious birth. On one of the occa
sions when the Turks besieged Vien
na, Peter Windier and his wife had
?a bakery in that city. This baker's
patriotism was tinctured with a
sense of humor, and 'possibly a sense
of business. At any rate, he con
ceived the idea of making rolls in
the shape of a crescent, the emblem
of the Turks. They found a ready
sale, for everybody wanted to devour
the half moons typifying the Mahom
etans at the outer gate.
A great many Americans would
not know what Schwaanerkuchen is
?unless they asked a native of the old
German city of Rostock. It is to
be had only at a certain season of
the year, because it commemorates a
kindly act of a man years agr. Ros
tock was surrounded by an memy.
The city gates were closed and the
enemy had come close to the wall
with clubs, spears, heavy mortar
slings and many other oldtime imple
ments of war. Once, and ags;n and
again they rushed upon the wi. .1 with
thunderous noise and clanging weap
ons, but the brave burghers as often
forced them back. Then, urged
forward by threatening famine, the\
latter sallied beyond the gates and
drove back the foe until the siege
was raised. It was with great joy
that they saw the bakers of Schwaan,
a village twelve miles down the Riv
er Warnow, at the gate as the enemy
drew away, bearing heavilj laden
fcaskets of cakes. It was such a god
send to the famished burghers that
they rewarded the Schwaaner bakers
by giving them the privilege of com
ing to Rostock every year on Maun
dy Thursday to offer their cakes for
Another German bread, which in
shape resembles a capital "W," owes
its existence to the siege of the Ger
man town of Krailsheim, 1379. It
is called th.3 haar-affen, or hair mon
keys, a name suggested by the ap
pearance of the apparition which
raised the seize. The efforts of the
besiegers to take tho place had been
in vain. They decided to starve the
burghers and their families so they
sat down before the town. Ther?
they sat for several months. By this
timo the provisions wero getting
short, and starvation ceemed inevi
table. One woman had pondered
long upon the subject and finally
she said to the head of the defend
"The people outside the wall are
superstitious; let mo masquerade at
night before them on the city wall in
a peculiar dress." She was permit
ted to carry out her plan. When
tho fantastic figure was seen upon
the wall In the dim light, flitting
from point to point climbing nimbly
over obstacles, they wero horror
"Haar-affe!" they all exclaimed,
pointing at the apparition oa tho
wall. "It is an evil spirit." The
following night they lied from the
In remembrance of tho success ot
the ruse this peculiar shaped cake
Foley's Hoaey aud Tar clears the
air passages, stops the irritation in
the throat, soothes the inflamed
membranes, and the moct obstinate
cough disappears. Sore and inflamed
lungs are healed and strengthened,
and the cold is expelled from the sys
tem. Refuse any but the genuine
In the yellow package. A. C. Duke.?
Lowman Drug Co.
The people who have a .-;ood time
In this world wouda't If thoy sat
down to think about It.
CURVATURE OP THE EARTH.
Conclusive Testimony Which Gave
Rise to a Lawsuit.
A recent discussion in "Science,"
of ways to demonstrate the curva
ture of the earth, called out an in
teresting reminiscence from a corres
pondent. Less than forty years ago,
an Englishman, John Hampden, wag.
ered $2,500 that the convexity of any
j Inland water surface could not be
i proved. The challenge was accepted
by a distinguished man of science,
Alfred R?ssel Wallace.
I He selected for his experiment a
six-mile stretch of canal. On one
side of a bridge he fastened a sheet,
I six feet long and three feet high. In
the middle was a horizontal black
stripe. The general arrangement '
though not the exact proportions Is
shown In the accompanying drawing.
On another bridge (six miles away)
was mounted. a small telescope for
sighting. This was placed at ex
actly the same height as the stripe.
Half way between the two was a
pole on which were two red disks,
four feet apart. The uppermost was
adjusted at the same height above
the water as the telescope and black
stripe. Viewed through the tele
scope the disks appeared as they do
In the drawing.
Well, Mr. Hampden refused to
look through the instrument at all,
and his referee had the audacity to
declare that all three of the points
involved in the test were in line! Mr.
Wallace's referee reported that the
disks were both above the stripe. An
umpire chosen to settle the dispute,
awarded the money te Mr. Wallace.
Thereupon followed a bitter contro
versy. Mr. Hampden called Mr.
Wallace all kinds of names, and re
marked that "no one but a degraded
swindler has dared to make a fraud
ulent attempt to support the globular
theory." Mr. Wallace was unques
tionably in the right, and yet the
lawsuits which he Instituted to pro
tect him from libel proved futile. He
spent more than $2,500 in legal ex
penses, besides the cost of the experi
ment itself. The abuse to which he
was subjected extended over a period
of fifteen or twenty years.
England Has Largest Eggs.
"Egg cups are bigger in New York
than anywhere else in the world ex
cept England," said a globe trotter.
"I can't say the same for the eggs,
although the hens in this part of
the country perform their duty of
helping to feed the human race pret
ty creditably. Still, they cannot
come up to the Engllsn hens. Their
contribution to the food products are
extraordinary in size, hence, the cor
responding capaciousness of the egg
?cups. The further south you go on
the Connecticut, the smaller the egg
cups grow. In Egypt they dwindle
away to the size of the average thim
ble. Their diminutive , proportions
are commensurate with the size of
the eggs, however, which are small
est laid by self-respecting hens any
place on earth. Place an ordinary
Egyptian egg in the British cup and
It is absolutely lost. In. order that
eggs may be decapitated gracefully
the authorities at Alexandra have
given orders for the importation of
several thousand extra cups to fit the
The Story Tellers of Naples.
The story teller thrives in Naples,
as there are so many idlers there.
He collects a little crowd around him
and proceeds in the most dramatic
way, gesticulating wildly and work
ing his face into the most excruciat
ing expressions, says.the Delineator,
to relate stories of adventure or
other events, much to the edification
of his hearers, who, to show their
appreciation, are often betrayed into
giving a sou, which might have been
better spent for bread or polenta.
The public letter writer Is another
street dignitary of importance, and
in great demand, especially with tim
id and buxom maids of all work, who
have themselves neglected to learn
tho art of writing. .
What is "Caudle Power?"
In speaking of the brightness of
an electric lamp or a particular gas i
ftame Is customary to say that it has )
four or six or eight or sixteen "can
dle power." As candles vary so
much In size, material and brilliancy,
one might thin;: that they could not
be adopted as a standard of com
parison fox other lights. However, if
a uniform style is employed, the mat
ter becomes more simple. In tho
United States and Great Britain com.
parison is made with spermaceti
candle, burning at tne rate of 120
grains an hour and having a flame
1.76 inches high. France uses a
Stearine candle, and Germany one of
The Unanswered query.
What the average newspaper
reader would like to know is how ho
can build one of those $1,50-0 bunga
lows for about $2.500.
DeWitt's Kidney and Bladder Pills
are unequaled in cases of weak back,
back ache, inflammation of the blad
der, rheumatism pains, and ail
urinary disorders. They are antisep
tic and act promptly. Every case of
kidney or bladder trouble should be
attended to at once, and the aches
in the back, rheumatic pains, uri
nary disorders, etc., are warning
signs. Don't delay, for delays are
dangerous. Get DeWitt's Kidney
and Bladder Pills. Regula- size
50c. Sold by A.C. Dukes, M. D.,
and A. C. Doyle & Co.
Miss Bellum's Assistant
Miss Bellum. pubMc stenographer
for the Hyperbole building, would
tEve lost her well earned reputatioj
fcr asuteness If her latest nvest rent
had been made known. It was an
assistan.. | Thr.t In itself. I grant you,
Is not extraordinary, but this ass:st
ant did not really assist, and that
does look queer, you see.
It came about that Miss Bellum's
svdden discovery that she had rnor9
work than she could attend to. and
from, the advertisement which she
promptly inserted in a morning paper.
The result of this ad?one of many
results, of course, but the one whlcn
concerns us?was little Miss Marjory
Holt. Now, Miss Bellum des red a
discreet combination of Industry and
sedatenes3; she did not approve of
flirtation even in a business office. By
this you will see that Miss Bellum
was no longer young; she was In
deed, on the shady side of thirty
three, and plump and majestic-look
ing besides. But still her heart was
tender, and when Marjory appeared,
a slender wisp of a girl with a crop
of chestnut curls and an air of gen
teel starvation, she engaged her on
the spot and agreed to pay her the
magnificent sum of $6 a week.
This performance was the more
erratic that Marjory, who had picked
up typewriting while copying her
father's sermons at home in the par
se nage, boasted that she sometimes
could do several lines without a mis
take, knew nothing whatever of
shorthand, and at the ridiculous age
cf 19 could*not be expected to even
l?ven on 56 a week It is possible
cc find enough to eat. and Marjory
improved both in looks and ability.
It was not until spring, however, that
Miss Bellum heard her protege's
story. It was late one afternoon,
when the work on hand had been fin
ished, and in Miss Bellum's office,
that was an event worthy of celebra
tion. Of course.' there was a very
n?ce young man in the story, who
raB not only very nice, but also quite
rich, and he had wanted to marry
little Marjory Holt
"Though I never could under
stand." said Marjory si.-cerely, "why
he should want to. for I am quite,
"What was the iaatter?didn't you
like him?" inquired Miss Bellum
Oh, yeJ, very much. It wa3 only
that I was dreadfully tired of being
taken care of; I wanted a chance to
look out for myself. And to marry
means to be taken care of always,
you know." Miss Bellum nodded
with an oad mixture of wlstfulness
and defiance; to the outsider mar
riage often means Just that.
"The time will come when you
would give the world for that one
thing, child," she predicted grimly.
"I know?it is lonely in the city
sometimes." Marjory admitted. "Just
ovenlngs." she explained quickly.
"Of course, on'.y !n the evenings,"
assented Miss Bellum.
"And Sundays, when it rains,"
added Marjory honestly.
"How about Christmas?" asked
Miss Bellum. The girl shivered; the
memory was still fresh of that Christ
mas evening spent In the hall bed
room of a South End lodging house,
with only the poor cheer of a re 1 tis
sue paper bell hung in the window;
for on $6 a week one does not buy
holly if one is wise. Marjory re
turned to her story quickly.
"Well, Rudolph said he wou'd take
good care of me, and I wanted?oh.
so much?to take care of myseif. for
I never bad. So I took a year to
make up my mind, and he persuaded
father to let me come up to the city."
"Have you seen him lately?" The
girl sbook her head.
"Not since then. I think he must
I have forgotten; or perhaps"?her
' breath caught?"he may have stop
ped caring." Miss Bellum's heart
must have been hard after all. for
she was actually p'.easod to observe
that the girl's chin quivered slightly;
she thought it .a very good sign.
"Now, I'm sure it will come out all
right," she observed cheerful y. and
proved a better prophet than she
knew, for hard upon her words there
came a knock upon the docv and a
young man entered?a young man
who looked as though he might be
very nice lndeerl, and also quite rich.
"Is Miss Holt-" he began. Mar
"Rudolph!" she breathed.
. "I've got come telephoning to do."
said Miss Bellum hurriedly, and "ten.
ping into the booth ma.~ sure that
the double door was latched behind
rer. With a comprehending glance 3!
Miss Bellum's broad back. Just vlsi
b.e between the curtains, the younij
man was at Marjory's side In an In
stant. He studied her face for a
long <;me bet?re inquired v< ry
"How is It. 1'ttV girl?are you
ready to come and?take nir.j of
me?" Marjory's face ligtm d.
"Let's take card ot each other. '
sre oiTered it: 1 hy amendment. ;'h :
typewriter table which she inter
posed soon afterward would not bare
proved an effectua barrier if Miss
Bellum had not, after premonitory
(.licking of the latcn emerged from
tne booth, s?? surveyed in: l*o
t?eat satisfaction. No explanutioa
"It looks to me," she remarKed
genially, "as though I should have :o
advertise for another assistant!'
And for the second lime that day rer
yrophecy came true.
Bo false to no one; then you will
aver be faithful to yours?If.
Pleasant, sure, easy, safe little liver
Pills, are DeWltfs Little Early Ris
ers. They are easy to take and act
gently. We sell and recommend
them. For sale by A. C. Dukes, M.
D., and A. C. Doyle & Co.
Some people will take anything in
reach except good advice.
"Had dyspepsia or indigestion fpr
years. No appetite, and when I did
eat distressed me terribly. Burdock
Blood Bitters cured me."?J. it.
Walker, Sunbury, Ohio.
WHAT CHINESE DO FOR HAWAII.
They Produce Practically All the
Vegetables Grown on the Islands.
Wherever there Is a rice field of
any size water buffaloes are to be
found. Their owners take excellent
care of them and are usually proud
of their condition.. On "one planta
tion I fouad a stable in which six of
these animals were feeding The
buffalo whose chief delight Is wad
ing through mud seems to have aa
Instinctive dislike for the whlt?-> race,
and often refuses to work under
their control, and In one or two in
stances white men have been obliged
to seek safety in flight from the re
bellious disposition of these beasts.
They seem to understand the Chi
nese language, and know instantly
when Chinamen are holding the
reins, and under their guidance are
perfectly gentle and obedient to
every command. I saw an example
of their antipathy for our race, when
a Chinaman allowed a white boy to
make an attempt to drive one of his
animals. The buffalo at first re
fused to move, and then, stamping
his foot he started off In the wrorg
? direction and was wholly unmanasc
able. A few moments later his mas
ter took up the reintj and he became
as docile as a pet dog. These animals
are healthy and strong and one
working well before the plow is
Birds are a pest In rice culture,
and all sorts- of means are adepted
to keep them off the fields. A China
man's idea of a scarecrow, is a
pole with & white flag on the top, and
hundreds of these are planted in the
fields. Another mode or getting rid
of these pests is by beating on tin
cans to frighten them away and
often men will shoot and eat them
out of sheer revenge. The grass
hopper fci also an enemy to be dealt
with, ae It attacks the crop while yet
In flower. Every 'plantation has a
large concrete floor in the open air,
on which to dry the crop. After
thrashing the rice from tho straw
it is gathered into rows and dried
while still In the hull, and here the
water buffalo is used again, by be
ing hitched to a wooden shovel and
?riven about the floor until the rice
Ie piled up ready for bagging.
At least five thousand Chinese are
employed In the production of rice
in Hawaii. They also control the
taro patotiee from which pol, the
principal Hawaiian food Is made.
Many Chinese-are engaged in raising
ducks, while the sole occupation of
others is the raising of chickens. As
eggs retail from twenty-five to sixty
cents per u>zen, and live chickens
from ten to twelve dollars per dozen,
this business should be profitable:
but there Is sometimes considerable
loss due to the ravages of a peculiar
tropical disease, which Is fatal to
young chickens. The Chinese pro
duce practically all of the vegeta
bles grown in the Islands and sell
them from door to door.
The Chinese are by far the best
workers In the cane fields, are quiet
and peaceable in manner and atten
tive to duty, giving the overseers lit
tle or no trouble. Less than two
thousands, however, are to be found
on the sugar plantations at present,
as the Chinese Exclusion act settled
coolie immigration. A number of
the "native born" have become steno
graphers and ..re employed by Amer
icans. A professional man of Hono
lulu told me that his secretary, a Chi
nese youth whom he paid thirtyfive
dollars per month, was "simply per
fect."?Mrs. C. R. Miller in Leslie's
AU the Same.
The bachelor uncle had been left
In charge of his little niece and. al
though he had accepted the charge
in an easy, off hand manner, he soon
realized that he had a contract on
The first drink of water he car
ried up to her with the evening pa
per In his other- hand and bis pipe
in his mouth. On the third trip he
laid his paper down with a sigh and
he also put his pipe aside thinking
that the smoke might be the cause
of such loud infantile distress. He
sang dirges, laughed bitterly, pulled
faces and performed all the antics
that occur to bachelor uncles In
such emergencies, but whenever he
was in the room hie little niece cried
for him to go out, and whonever
he went out she cried for him to
"Hang them anyway!" he was
heard to grumble as he fretfully
played this exhausting game of peek
a-boo. "One or forty-one; they're
As to Fiction.
Theres no doubt, of course, as to
the superiority of fiction which pic
tures life as it should be uver fic
tion which merely pictures life as
it is. The rub comes in the unfor
tunate circumstance of thero beini;
bc few of us vho really know what
life should be?too few, indeed, to
fill up the chinks in the advertising
pages, not to mention the body o? the
A Conditional Gift.
The gods knew what they were
about when they made health a con
ditional gift to mankind. For if
it were absolute and inalienable,
human folly would have a distin
guished opportunity the less, and
by that much be hampered In its ai>
polnted work of fostering and pro
moting tnde and industry.
The man who ran sculpture a
stumbling block into a stepping
stone has Jore more than most sculp
A Sure-enough Knocker.
J. C. Goodwin, of Rcidsville, N.
C, says: "Bucklen's Arnica Salve
is a sure-enough knocker for ulcer*.
A bad one came on my leg last sum
mer, but that wonderful salve knock
ed it out in a few rounds. Not even
a scar remained." Guaranteed for
piles, sores, bu-ns, etc. 2Sc at J.
G. Wannamaker Mfg. Co.'s drug
The n?le that works both ways
is the exception.
Eczema Began When a Tiny Baby
and Lasted 7 Years?Tore Crusts
from Face Till It was All Raw
Screamed with Pain and Could not
Sleep?Though Specialists Failed
A WONDERFUL CURE
"When my little boy ^as six -weeks
old ;an eruption broke out on his face.
I took him to a doc
tor and got ointments
and medicines but his
face kept on getting
worse until it got so
bad that no one could
i look at him. His
whole face was one
crust and must have
been very painful.
He scratched day and
night until his faco
sometimes looked like
a raw piece of meat.
I was ? nearly insane
with his scratching
day and night. Then I took him to
all (.ho best specialists in skin diseases
but they could not do much for him.
He sometimes screamed with pain
when I put on the salve they gave me.
"When b* was two years old the
eczema go? on his arms and legs so
thai; I had to keep them bandaged up
and I made gloves for his hands so the
nails could not poison him worse. We
could not get a night s sleep in months
and my husband and I were all broken
up. Then my mother asked why I
did not give up the doctors and try
Cuticura. So I got a set and he felt
relieved the first time I used them,
the Cuticura Ointment felt so cool.
He used to wake up and ask for Cuti
cura to be put on when he itched so
badlv that he could not Bleep, aud he
would say, 'Ohl Mama, that makes
my sores feel so goodl' I gavo the
Cuticura Remedies a good trial and
gradually the eczema healed all up
and now he is as well as any other chil
dren. He is now seven years old and
the cure has lasted two months, so I
think it will ne.ver return. I can't
tell you how glad I am that Cuticura
did such wonderful work in our case
and I shall recommend it everywhere.
Mm. John G. Klumpp, 80 Niagara St.,
Newark, N. J., Oct. 17 and 22, 1907."
A alnglc sot or Cuticura Remedies, consisting of
Cuticura Soap (36c.). Ointment (50c.).. and Resol
vent. (Wie.), or Pills (25c. per vial of 60). Is often
fnifllrlent to cure. Sold throughout the world. Potter
~)rul <fc Chcm. Corp.. Sole Props.. Boston. Miuw.
car Mailed Free, Cuticura Book on Skin Diseases
Buy Cadet Hoisery
And Siop Darning
ONE PUCE FOR ALL KINDS
Women or Children
25 cenis a Pair
Several months ago we ac
cepted the agency and began
selling in a quiet way this
splendid stocking. Up to today
we have never even mentioned
them in the newspapers. And
why? Simply because we did
not want to begin our adver
tising campaign until we were
absolutely convinced of tho?
genuine worth of the CADET
HOSE. Now, thajt we have
given them a thorough test we
know them to be the B?ST
25 cent Stocking
we have ever sold during a
business experience of about 40
E TAKE ALL
if after trying a pair, you feel
thai you have not gotten your
money's worth, return them to
us and we will give you another
pair or your money back, jasc
as you preferr
COirTAEKS H?HET AND TAR
Rellavee Colds by working >hest out of
11: a system through & copious and taaiihy
i,ction of the bowels.
Relieves Coughs by cieanabtg the
mucous membranes of the throat, chc~:
! c.-.d brcachial tubes.
"As pleasant to tbo ttaeto
as Maplo Sogar"
Children Like It
For BACKACHE?WEAK KJBtfEYS Try
BsHtfg Bfaf and Gladder HhHtei ?tri 8tft
Never try to make a man feel at
home if you know him to be hea
To the many who
patronized the Big
I know you found everything as
represented and are pleased. I wish to
say I will be found at the same old
stand with a new and up-to-date line
of Dry Goods, Clothing, Shoes and
Hats, in fact everything that is to be
found at a first class Dry Goods Store.
Yours a little cheaper than any
Geo. V. Zeigler.
WE ARE TRYING TO MERIT
YOUR TRADE THIS FALL
THE BEST VALUES POSSIBLE
Of course when we do that we
very many times sacrifice profit, but
that is nothing compared to the satis
faction we get thro'the medium of our
many satisfied customers. We are
preparing to give during November
many special sales and it will pay you
to drop in when in the city trading.
A lot of Plaid Dross Goods that sold at 50c, we arc closing these
goods at 35c. Many extra fine values in tiie lot.
120 pieces of Mixed Cotton Dress Goods, in plaid and stripes and
polka dots, worth 25c; we will make a low price of J3c on this entire
Ladles' Black Saline Skirts at prices cheaper almost (hau the ma
terial cost, at 75c, $1.00, $1.23 and up.
How about Underwear??Our line is now very complete. We can
fit from infants to extra size, in Men's and Ladies'. Prices run from
25c to $1.50 a garment.
Wc will put on sale on next Monday one case of the best 10 cent
Chnmbray, in solid and fancy colors. These goods v.e bad on sale
last year. Von know just what they are; so conic in and get your
share. We only have tf,.~00 yards; they won't last long at the price
of 7 cents.
We will also make the prieo on Amoskeag or Lancaster Gingham
10 yards for one dollar; absolute!} fast colors, no better made.
We have just replenished our Cloak stock and if you need one
why l)e certain to try for it at Moseley's. We give you style and
quality at just a bit cheaper than elsewhere.
How about Clothing??You can't afford to overlook us if you need
a Suit or Ovcrconl. We can. gh'a you great values. Onr .styles are
up-to-the-minute, all the latest shapes in tan, brown mid grays.
SHOES?Wo are ready with every style for Men, Ladies and
Shop with ns during H?0S anJ wc aro certain the new goods will
bring you much satisfaction.