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The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, December 01, 1908, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063756/1908-12-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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ESTABLISHED IN li
? i\i,\*y ?"H . -- -? ? . ?
SCimES PERISH
-
Two Hundred Lives Lost in ?w
ful Sea Disaster.
_tri t ? ?
Ha }\ '
English Steamer Burned Off the
Coast of Malta?Fire Apparatus
TVas Useless-i-Paisengers Trapped
and Were Forced to" Jump Into
the Sea and Drown.
Valetta, ?sland of Malta; Nov. 28.
?A terrible disaster, Ih which more
than a hundred persons^ lost their
lives, occurred at the entrance to
this port Wednesday morning. The
British steamer Sardinia, of1 the
Ellerman Line, hailing from Liver
pool and bound for Alexandria, with
a crew of 44 Englishmen,. 11 first
and 6 second cabin English passen
gers and nearly" 200 Arab pilgrims
aboard, caught fire and within a few
minutes was a roaring furnace, the
flames bursting upward to a" height
of'200 feet from frequpnt explosior-s
in -the hold.
So "rapidly did the fire spread that
the frantic efforts of the crew tD
operate the fire apparatus proved
useless, for it seemed but a moment
before- the upper works and masts
crashed down upon the deck while
the ship's boats were crushed by
the falling debris or set fire and
quickly burned.
Safety lay in the sea, for no one
could save himself except by jifmp
ing overboard and taking chances
of being picked up. Assistance was
hurried to the burning vessel from
all the war ships in the harbor and
from the shore, but the work of res
cue was greatly impeded by the
strong tide that was running. Even
the naval launches were unable to
go alongside. Among the Arabs
there was a panic that could not be
controlled. Many of them were too
frightened to jump and they were
burned to death. Others, casting
themselves into the waves, were
drowned.
The crew behaved with admirable
courage, serving out life preservers
to the last and working the pumps.
When the pumps became useless,
Capt. Charles Little, commander of
the Sardinia, took the helm and
directed his ship towards the shore
so long as it could be navigated. He
perished at his post.
First Officer Frank Watson, all
three engineers, Seagraves, Hlslup
and Neill, thirteen of the ship's
company and two first class passeng
ers, one of them a boy named Grant,
are missing. Fifty or more bodies
have been recovered and seventy per
sons were rescued. It is Impossible
at present to say just how many were
drowned or burned to death, but
the number will doubtless far ex
ceed a hundred.
The vessel drifted around three
times, and finally was beached broad
side on the rocks at the mouth of
the harbor. She is still burning and
will bo a total loss.
The British vice admiral, Sir
Asheton, and Curzon-Howe and Ad
miral Fisher directed the rescuing
boats, which did gallant work in
saving those who were yet alive,
and bringing the bodies of the dead
ashore.
Capt. Little's body, t which was
terribly mangled, was landed this
afternoon. The other bodies were
also mutilated and burned. Fifty
six of the injured are being cared
for in the hospitals. One ?f the
rescued passengers gave a graphic
account of the disaster.
"The Sardinia." he said, "left
Valetta at 8:45 this morning. We
were just outside the harbor and the
crew securing the anchor when the
cry of 'fire' was heard. Flames
could be seen issuing from a venti
lator on the port side. A hose was
promptly brought up and a stream
poured down the ventilator, but thir
did no good. In less than ten min
utes flames were streaming out of
the other ventilators. The whole
vessel admldships was wrapped in
flames. The Arab passengers were
told to leave the hatch, in which
they clung desperately, but they re
fused to move. All who remained
forward perished, except some of
those who leaped into the water.
?"In the meantime naval pinnaces
hurried to the scene. They could,
not approach closely on account o"
the high seas and falling spars. The
great majority of the European pa?-J
sengers succeeded in reaching shore.
The Arabs, among whom were
many women and .children, clung
together shrieking, and but few of
them would jump overboard, al
though urged to do so.
"The ship's boats were rendered
useless by the flames and no attempt
was made to ?et them over the side
Soon the hatches were blown off
with loud explosions, throwing 1 ie
Arabs into the air and killing and
injuring many of them. After a
few minutes had been spent in trying
to put out the fire nothing remained
but to jump overboard."
Unquestionably explosions occurr
ed, although the cause of the f e
is not known, and it was first believed
that the rapid spread of the flares:
was due largely to the flowing naph
tha. ?
HANGED AT SALUOA
SLATER OF EMANUEL CARVER
PAYS PENALTY
On the Gallows for His Crime,
j Shot His Victim While He was
Picking Cotton.
S?luda, Nov. 28.'?A special to The
1 News and Courier says at 12 o'clock
; on Friday Will Herrin paid with his
I life the penalty of the law for the
murder of' Emanuel Carver in Sep
' tember.
The execution was without a hitch.
Only a very few minutes were con
sumed in preparing the prisoner for
the drop. After ascending the scaf
fold, Sheriff .Sample asked Herrin
if he desired', to say anything. He
merely mumbled a word or two to
the effect that he had nothing to
say.
At no time did he seem to realize
what was awaiting him, and he met
his fate without the least emotion:
i He was pronounced dead in ten min
utes fater the trap was sprung, and
his body, was laid In a cheap coffin,
furnished ,by the county, and carried
to the poor house for burial:.
The Rev. D. H. Crossland went to
.Herrin's cell this morning and con
ducted a little service. The con
i demned man manifested absolutely
no Interest in it While an effort
was made to shield the execution
from the pujlic, scores from positions
of vantage witnessed it.
Will Herrin was tried before
Special Judge C. C. Featherstone at
a special term of the Sessions Court
in October for the murder of Mr.
Emanuel Carver at his home in Sep
tember. The testimony at the trial
show that Herrin, without any ap
parent cause whatever, shot Mr. Car
ver in the back while the latter was
picking cotton and failing to kill
him ran upon him, knocked him
down and beat him over the head
with his gun and left him dead.
Mrs. Carver was a witness to a part
of the awful deed, she being In the
house when the shot was fired, and
running to the door was horrified
to see her L.isband down and Herrin
standing over him, beating his head
into a pulp ? with a gun.
, As soon as the news of the crime
was made known some of Carver's
neighbors went t$ the scene and
soon found Herrin a little distance
away, and upon advancing on him
to take him into custody, was met
with a volley of curses and fired up
on with a stockless gun, he having
broken the weapon while beating
Carver. One. of the party was
sprinkled with shot, and the crowd
in turn fired at Herin and effected
his capture. For a while a lynching
was imminent, but cooler counsel
prevailed and the culprit was turned
over to the sheriff and brought to
Saluda and lodged in jail.
Thpre was a tremendous crowd
present to witness Herrin's trial, but
the best of order prevailed. The de
fendant was the only negro in the
Court House during the trial, except
the porter, and to all appearances
was the least disturbed by what wa3
taking place.
The only defence that could pos
sibly have been made in Herrin s
behalf was insanity, and this ques
tion was fairly submitted to the
jury, and under the testimony no
other verdict than that reached could
have been returned.
Herrin was, however, a man of a
very low order of intelligence. *
KILLED A PLANTER.
Three Negroes Arrested Charged
With the Crime.
Greensboro, Ala., Nov. 28.?Sher
iff Gewin has captured three negroes,
charged with the murder of Former
Sheriff R. W. Drake, near Laneville,
Ala., Thursday night. One of the
negroes confessed and implicated the
other two. He says that he held
the light while the other two negroes
killed Mr. Drake by knocking him
in the head with an axe; that they
then saturated his clothing and the
bed clothing with oil and set fire
to them. Steps have been taken to
call a special term of court to try
the negroes because of the feeling,
which is running high. *
YOUNG MURDERER.
Boy Aged Fourteen Shoots Lad
of Ten.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 26.?
Clarence Litt'e, ten years of age, was
shot and instantly killed by Tom
Wiekes, aged 14, Monday afternoon.
Young Little chafed the Wiekes boy
on returning from a hunt without
any game, and said: "I would not
be afraid to give you a shot at me."
?By G^-, 111 take it," said
Wiekes, and fired a charge of buck
shot into the boy's breast. The
coroner's jury held Wiekes for first
degree murder.
Killed by Train.
Covington, La., Nov. 26.?While
pasing the station at Florenville, La.,
one car of a Great Northern railroad
gravel train jumped the track and
j crashed into the depot.
Mr?. J.* W. Condor, wife of the
treasurer of the Covington Naval
Stores Company, who was waiting
for a train, was killed outright. Sev
earl negroes were badly injured. *
OKANGBB?Bt
GOES DOWN
Sfeamer Finance is Rammed by
the Steamer Georglc and
SINKS OFF NEW YORK
Collision Occurs In Dense Fog In
Main Channel?Three of the
Eighty-five Passengers on the Fi
. nance, One Member of Her Crew
and Much Mail Lost.
New York, Nov. 28.?In the thick
of a fog off Sandy Hook Thursday
the stout steel freighter, Georgic, of
the White Star Line, rammed and
sank the lightly laden Panama
steamer, Finance, outward bound
with 85 passengers, the Finance go
ing down within ten minutes, car
rying to their death three of her pas
sengers and one of the crew. The
rest of the passengers, who included
19 women and 14 children, as well
as othdlB of the crew were rescued
by the$fcats of the Georglc. The
j rrelghfer was' not damaged.
Miss Irene'Campbell, of Panama,
a passenger who waB lost, . clung
frantically to the rail of the sinking
vessel and could not be persuaded to
release her hold, nor were the men
who manned the small boats able
to remove her. She was seen cling
ing determinedly as the vessel was
engulfed. Wm. H. Todd, third as
sistant engineer, jumped overboard
and was lost. When a roll, call of
the passengers of the Finance was
called, it was found that Charles II.
Schweinler, a policeman of Panama,
and Henry Muller, a railroad con
ductor of Panama, had disappeared
and there is little doubt that they
were drowned.
The disaster occurred in the main
ship channel off Sandy Hook at 8
o'clock this morning, and as both ves
sels were groping their way through
a fog. ? The Finance had weighed
anchor and was picking her way
down the Swash Channel, when
Captain Mofbray, who was on the
bridge, heard the whistle of an ap
proaching liner. The Finance was
immediately started astern, and was
slowly backing when the Georgic,
in bound fr?ni Liverpool, loomed. ou?
of the fog and. a moment later crash
ed into the port side, and just abaft
the beam of the Finance., The prow
of the freighter penetrated the side
of the Finance nearly ten feet, tear
ing away an unoccupied state room
and leaving a ragged hole, 'through
which the .water rushed in.
The Panama keeled far over to
starboard, while men and women,
many of Whom had been awakened
from a sound sleep, were thrown
from their berths. Hastily, covering
themselves with bed clothing, they
.rushed in a panic to the main deck,
which was fast sinking to the sur
face of the water. Many of the pas
sengers jumped overboard, not stop
ping even to provide themselves with
life preservers. That more were not
lost was due to the discipline of the
crew of the Panama, and the prompt
and intelligent work of the sailors
from the Georgic. ?
Immediately after the accident,
the freighter backed off and anchor
ed, her commander, Capt. Clark, in
the meantime having ordered the
life boats lowered. The boats of
the Panama were also cut away .is
quickly as possible, though with dif
ficulty because of the heavy list of
the sinking steamer.
A score . or more of those who
jumped overboard were picked up
by the small boats. Meantime the
Finance was settling steadily. To
add to the confusion a moment after
the impact there was an explosion
of an ammonia tank in the forward
hold of the Finance and the fumes
drove the engineers and firemen to
the deck. Wm. Todd, the third as
sistant engineer, was partially over
come by the fumes, he, staggering
to the rail, threw himself overboard.
He was not seen again. Probablj
half of the passengers with the crew,
stood by the ship, awaiting rescue,
and these were gotten off with re
markable expedition.
Captain Mowbray and several of
the crew remained in a life boat near
the sunken ship. Only .the masts,
stacks and part of the superstruc
ture of the Panama remained above
the surface.
The shipwrecked passengers and
crew were brought to1 this city to
night and placed aboard the Panama
steamer, Alliance, where the women
and children were provided with
clothes. The passengers will depail I
on the next outgoing bound steamer
for Panama. ?
Captain Clark, of the Georgic
states that he was feeling his way
into port slowly, and hearing a
whistle on his port blow, tried to
veer off and thought he would clear
the Panama steamer, which unfor
tunately began to go astern, with
Jthe result that the two steamers
collided. The Finance had over
seven hundred bags of mail aboard.
Four elephants in the Georgic's hold
were undisturbed by the collision. *
Commits Suicide.
New York, Nov. 2S.?George
Schuester, 62 year old, a veteran of
the German army, shot himself with
the old army pistol that he carried
through the campaigns of the
Franco-Prussian war. He had been
out of work for two months. *
9, S. C 1TJESDAT. DEC!
SERVED HIM RIGHT
YOUNG NEGRO MAN WROTE IN
DECENT LETTER
To a Young White Lady and Is
Taken From Jail and is ? Operated
Upon.
A special dispatch from Spartan
burg to the Charleston Evening
Post says Will Dickson, a ,young ne
gro man of Madison, Oconee county
was arrested on the charge of writ-i
ing an offensive and indecent letter
to a young lady, the daughter of a
well known banker of Westminister,
was made away with by a party of
men Friday night. .
The negro has been taken from
the guard house, where he was con
fined at Westminister by unknown
parties, who with the negro then
Immediately dlsappeareed, and there
is much speculation as to what was
done with thfe ;flend> Everything
about Dae affair was done decently
and in order, says the dispatch, but
with great secrecy.
It was reported at first that the
scoundrel had been lyncqed, and
then it was reported that after being
taken out of the guard house and
carried to a place of secrecy a deli
cate operation was performed on
him, after which he was told to leave
the town, which he lost no time in
doing. Where he went or what has
become of the rascal no one knows,
or if they know they won't tell. \
The only thing certain about the
affair is that the negro who wrote
the letter was caught and that he j
was taken out Of the guard house
by force and that his whereabouts
is unknown except to those who
took him out of the guard house.
It seems that they first thought of
lynching the scoundrel, but finally
decided that an operation would be
more effective, and that mode of
punishment was adopted and carried
out.
OVER TWELVE MILLION BALES.
Commissioner Watson Estimates Cot
ton Crop of 1008.
The cotton crop of 1908 will
amount to 12,551,086 bales, accord
ing to the estimate made by Com
missioner Watson, of South Carolina,
l as chairman of the cotton commit
tee of the Southern States Associa
tion of Commissioners of Agriculture
and Other Agiiciilfcural Workers; Iu
announcing the estimate, Mr. Watson
says:
"Our estimates, which is based On
telegraphic reports received from all
the States save Georgia, whose com
missioner Is absent from the State;
dated November 19, and on the gin
hers' reports of November 14, is 12,
?551,086 running bales, excluding
Unters. This conclusion is reached
after due allowance for the weather
and other crop conditions for 1908.
Were the estimate based entirely on
amount of cotton ginned to Novem
ber 14, in years when same ginners'
results were shown, the 190S crop
would be 13,498,879 bales. But con
ditions have not been the same in
the various years.
"Were we to take the average
amount of cotton for the past four
seasons to be ginned after November
14, we would have to add 3,704,157
bales, to the 9,630,563 bales alreadv
ginned, and get a total crop of 13,
334,157 bales. If we add to the
amount already ginned In 1908 the
amount ginned after November 14
in 1905, to which year 1908 con
ditions closely correspond, we will
have a total crop for this year of
12,632,925 bales which, it is seen,
closely approximates the estimate of
12,552,086 b8les that the Associa
tion's committee considers a fair
one." ?
WAITING FOR DINNER TICKETS.
Victims of Republican Prosperity
Fall Into a Pit.
New York, Nov. 28.?One hundred
needy persons waiting patiently in
drizzling rain on Wednesday evening
in front of a mission house in West
Thirty-second street to receive tick
ets for a Thanksgiving dinner,
crashed through the thin covering
over a part of the new Pennsylvania
tunnel system and disappeared In
the darkness below. Shouts aud
cries arose from the pit and a crowd
which collected gazed down upon a
tangled heap of arms and legs.
When they clambered out It was
found that only two or three had
been injured, and these only slightly.
When calm had been restored the
hungry ones lined up ?nd received
their precious tickets and dispersel,
rubbing their bruises. *
Both Will Die.
Rome, Ga., Nov. 28.?After hunt
ing together all day Bert Montaine
and John Accomassy, each aboiu
fourteen years of age, engaged in
a duel, caused, it is said, by the
former daring Accomassy to cross
the road, and as a result both of
the boys may die. *
Shoots Up Train.
Knoxvllle, Tenn., Nov. 29.?While
a passenger on a Southern Railway
train near Greenville, John Parker,
of Washington county, became vio
lently insane. Pulling a pistol he be
gan firing promiscuously, a young
man named Lowery being wounded
in the left leg. ?
3MBER 1, 1908.
THE WAY OUT
And the (Duly Way Out For the
Farmer.
SOME PLAIN TRUTHS
Cora, Wheat and tock Farmers of
the West Regulato Price3 by Liv
ing at Home, and Southern Farm
ers Gs>n Do the Same Thing if
They Will Try to Do It
Hon. John M. ? Parker, of New
Orleans, discussed the methods of
cotton farmers in plain, hard words
that evoked much applause during
the forenoon of the last day of the
Farmers' Union Convention at New
Orleans. He spoke as follows:
"It is much more pleasant and
safe to hand bouquets than it is to
throw brick, and, for that reason,
most speakers at farmers' gatherings
adopt the former course, and give
'the hardy sons of toll' such a sur- j
feit of fiatterly as to make a blunt
statement of existing conditions
most unwelcome.
"A number of personal experiences
have satisfied me the majority are
like children, and prefer a sugar
coated pill to quinine. Sometimes It
is necessary to give your medicine
straight. Due to low prices and the
boll weevil, already over a large sec
tion and certain to spread further,
the time has come for the farmer to
take his dose like a man.
"My excuse for this preface is hav
ing addressed a number of farmers'
gatherings and having been hooted
and hissed at, too, I'now ask as a
personal favor that you hold up any
demonstrations until my 3hort talk
is finished, as it is decidedly unpleas
ant for a speaker to be interrupted
with the shout "Throw him out,' and
then again, it is apt to interfere with
this argument.
"There Is no more improvident
man on earth than the average cot
ton planter. In those good old days,
before the war, of which the orator
tells us, history says every farmer
had his smoke-house packed with
bacon, his crib filled with corn, the
grist mill hummed regularly, and
the farmers waxed fat and prosp
erous.
"Today not one cotton farmer Jn
ten raises meat. Not one in five
raises corn enough to last him, and,
shameful to say, thousands actually
buy the hay necessary to sustain
their stock.
"Annually now for some years the
cotton farmers meet in convention,
listen to some good political speech
es, arid occasionally a new joke, then
vigorously applaud the fervid oratory
denouncing all trusts, and finally or
ganize the biggest kind of a trust t ?
regulate prices, agree to decrease
acreage and diversify their crops, to
raise what they need at home, arii
be Independent of bank, cotton fac
tors or merchants.
"Their final resolutions are en
thusiastically carried at the conven
tion hall, and all conveniently for
gotten, for by the time they return
home, they decide to plant a little
bit more cotton, and they keep ou
in the same old way.
"Do you ever hear the wheat
grower, or the corn grower, or the
oat grower, or the mule raiser call
conventions to 'regulate prices?' Not
on your life. He goes ahead,
skimps close until he gets out of
debt, then asks the value of his pro
duct and holds it until he gets it.
He don't sit on the fence and cry
for either moral or financial sympa
thy.
"The curse of our cotton planter
is debt, and until he gets out of deb'
he will never realize his dreams of
Independence.
"Have you ever thought that In
the great chain of the credit system
the cotton planter forms one of the
important links? How the tenant
borrows from the planter, who bor
rows from the merchant or factor,
who, In turn, borrows from the local
bank, which borrows in one of the
great financial centers, which, in
turn, borrows from the financial cen
ters of Europe, and how in return
both from the picking of the cotton
to the final sending of the bill of
exchange to reimburse the European
center completes the chain?
"Credit is the whole system, with
the high prices and excessive charges
which must be made to cover the
risk involved.
"Have you ev/er been through
Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, or Iowa, and
seen the farmers of those sections?
Great, splendid barns filled with hay
and corn and oats and silage. The
pasture with sleek cattle and sheep
and hogs, the tool-house filled with
well-kept implements, everything
neat and orderly, and some profit on
every article raised. They rotate
crops in those sections, and keep
their property up, and have money
in bank.
"Why do our planters still adhere
to the razor-back hog and scrub cat
tle when at a less expense they
could raise fine stock, which will
improve the farm and go a long ways
Cowards lifting the mortage. The
loss and abuse of farm implements
annually represent a fortune. Hoes,
plows, harrows, mrowing machines
and wagons often lie, for months ex
posed to the elements and when the
crops of corn and cotton are gather
ed they are shamefully cared for.
The leaky barns with damaged corn
J
VOTED FOR TAFT
BUT THEIR WAGES WERE NOT
RAISED.
According to Promise, and Then
Shot Down by Depnty Sheriffs Be
cause They Struck About It.
P^rth Amboy, N. J., Nov. 27.?
Following a pitched battle between
700 strikers and twelve deputy sher
iffs Wednesday at the factory 1
the National Firepruoflng Comp.iny
at Keasbey, near lure in which six
of the strikers were shot down,
Governor J. Franklin Fort dispatch
ed four companies of the Stite
National Guard at Trenton to the
scene to make the men behave them
selves.
A feeling of intense excitement
prevails, as the strikers declareethe
deputy sheriffs were not justified hi
firing upon them. Two of the wound
ed men are dying here, and the four
others wounded are painfully hurt.
The citizens fear for the
morrow, when the strikers threaten
an attack on the plant of the National
Fireprooffing Company.
For two days there has been rifl
ing at Keasbey, and a number of
manufacturing towns along -.he
Raritan river. Two weeks ago the
men employed by the Raritan River
Clay Company went on strike for
higher wages. They marched to the
plant of the Perth Amboy Fire
Brick Company and Induced the men
there to go out.
Then each succeeding day the
strikers constantly increased in
number, marched to other towns to
induce employees to leave their
work. The strikers say that they
were given to understand before the
election that if Taft was elected then
pay would be restored to ?1.50 a day.
It now is $1.35. The officials of *h*
factories deny that such a pron ise
was made.
When Chief of Police Burke sant
a man to bring lunch to the deputies
the latter was met with a shower of
stones, compelling hlra to retreat.
The man succeeded later in leaving
the factory unobserved and secured
the food. As he was returning one
of the strikers, caught sight of him
and immediately there was a general
attack. The man was not injured
Then began a bombardment - of
stones, during which i.jarly every
window In the factory was smashed.
Chief Burke says that two of his
men were struck by. missiles and
slightly injured. He restrained' his
men from opening fire until the !a*t
minute, he declares. Matters had
become so Berious that the deputies
were compelled to open fire to pro
tect themselves, he further says.
At least a dozen of the shots were
fired point black at the strikers and
six men fell. The strikers did not
return the fire. The workmen turn
ed and fled, leaving the wounded on
the ground. There was only a tem
porary lull In the rioting. The
strikers soon returned to the factory.
They kepf. at a distance, but it was
evident they were angered by the
shooting down of their comrades. *
SHOCKING TRAGEDY.
Five Persons Burned up in a Hotse
in Alabama.
Hartsell, Ala., Nov. 28.?The
home of Tom Richardson, at Wood
land Mills, seventeen miles east of
here, was burned to the ground
Wednesday night, and Richardsons
wife, mother and three children were
burned to death. The remains of
the children were found in the burn
ed barn which adjoined the house.
Several theories have been advanced,
all of which Is robbery. Richardson
is missing, but his body was not
found in the ruins. ?
and colicky mules are a disgrace.
"No other agricultural product is
as abused as cotton. It is improperly
covered, improperly cared for, and
there is not a train out of New Or
leans from whose car windows you
cannot see picked cotton lying out
over-night exposed to weather, bales
of cotton lying on the ground or
under a tree, or in a puddle of wa
ter, with cheap bagging rotting and
cotton daily being damaged. Such
planters don't deserve the name of
cotton farmer. They are merely cot
ton producers.
"Most business men or professional
men will average at least 275
working days a year. On the prop
erties under my control last season
the greatest time any tenant actually
worked in the fields was 146 days,
the least time 112 days, and the
average 138 days, or less than one
half the time put in by the merchant
or professional man. It was either
too hot or too cold, too wet or too
dry, or any old excuse to keep out
of the field.
"The Northern farmer works twice
as hard as we do and under great
disadvantages, and to the full appre
ciates the old motto: "The Lord
helps those who help themselves.'
"Quit resolving and resoluting.
Get to work. Diversify your crop.
Raise good rtock. Get your Con
gressman to send you the latest Gov
ernment bulletins. Get the best seed.
Raise what you can at home. Above
all, get out of debt. Stay out of
debt, and then hold your products
until you get value for them, and
the whole world, instead of con
demning, will applaud your wis
dom."
\
$1.50 PBB ANKUM.
BURIED ALIVE.
No Hope for One Hundred Men
Entombed in Mine
NEAR PITTSBURG, PA.
One Shaft Wrec. ? and Other Not
Completed-rCage Blown 300 Feet
From Mouth, One Man's Head Bo
ing Taken Off?Women Quickly
Gather, Their Cries Being Pitiful.
Pittsburg, Nov. 28.?A large num
ber of miners are imperiled in \
mine of the Pittsburg-Buffalo Coal
Company at Marlanna, near here,
which caught, fire following an ex
plosion at 11:30 this morning.
President Jones, of the company
says that one hundred men, con
stituting almost the entire force,
were in the mine, which had jist
been examined by the State inspec
tors and was found in perfect con
dition.
A special train carrying a tv
cuing party, equipped with all the
latest appliances, left Monongahela.
at 12:30 for Marianna.
There are siid to be many English
miners among the imperiled force.
A dense cloud of smoak Is coming
from the mine's two shafts. Great
excitement prevails there.
Marianna i.? In Washington coun
ty, which was built a few months
ago by the company, and is consid
ered the mort model mining town
in the world.
It is believed mai.y men lost their
lives. The heavy iron cage which
carried the men from the surface
to the workings was blown three
hundred feet from the mouth of the
shaft. Two men on the cage were
killed, one of them having his head
blown off.'
Little hope is entertained for the
entombed men, as the fan house
was partly demolished and the fans
stopped for over an hour. The ex
plosion occurred in shaft No. 2, No.
1 not being completed.
Some company officials believe It
necsssary to dig through eight, hun
dred feet of solid coal before they
can reach the workings. At 1:30
this afternoon the smoke ceased is
suing from the mine. Wives, moth
ers and relatives of the miners gath
ered about the mine mouth, their
cries being pitiful.
It is said that there is a largo
gas well-in the vicinity, but whether
the gas from this was communicat-d
to the. mine and became ignited or
whether the powder and dynamite
for blasting exploded can not be as
certained.
According to State Mine Inspec
tor Louitt, there were between 180 ?
and 200 men in the mine. It-* M
not likely that any will be recov
ered alive. The rescue party suc
ceeded in entering the mine th s
afternoon. *
The last ray of hope for the res
cue of any one of the miners was
dispelled at 8:30 o'clock tonight
when the first rescuing party reach
ed the workings and found the dead
bodies scattered about the floor o*
the mine.
Few if any of the bodies are muti
lated and the men were undoubtedly'
smothered by the deadly vapors
which followed the explosion. The
bodies have not yet been counted,
but it is known that there are at
least 125 and the number may b9
larger. All but two of the bodies
in the mine, it is said, are thise
of foreigners.
No effort has yet been made to re
move th? bodies from the mine.
Instead the rescuers and the mining
experts are making a complete ex
ploration of all of the workings to
see if they are now safe. This work
is expected to occupy several hours.*
THIEF CUT GLASS
And Made Away With a Jar Con
taining Money.
Dublin, Ga., Nov. 28.?A bold
burglary was committed last night,
or early this morning in the city.
In one of the large plate-glass wind
ows of the hardware store of the
Gilbert Hardware Company, a round
opening about three feet in diam
eter was cut and a jar containing
$50 or $60 In denominations from a
penny to a silver dollar was stolen.
The jar was put Into the window
by the firm and the customers were
allowed to guess the amount of mon
ey it contained. The burglars evi
dently used a diamond or steel cut
ter, and they were experts in their
line. Marks are seen in the window
on the opposite side of the stoio
front showing that an effort must
have been made also to take out the
plate glass on that side.
Officers Rowland and Chavous o*
the police force discovered the bur
glary a few minutes after 3 o'clock
this morning. There is not the
slightest clue as to the identity of
the burglars. *
Tell-Tale Wounded.
Salsbury, N. C, Nov. 25.?War
ren Whitmire, colored, was arrested
here when he appealed to a physic
ian for treatment of a gunshot. It
is charged that be is a burglar who
was shot by Mrs. Maud Feamster
In her home In this city last week,
when she fired upon someone in the
darkness at her bedside. ?

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