Newspaper Page Text
LEST YOUR LAND
hp you have any you "wish to
sell to settlers.
"Many Leiters From the North and
West lire Flooding the Office of
1 Secretary Watson for Information.
The department of agriculture Is
receiving hundreds .oil letters from
investors and business men in the
west and north relative to the farm
lands of this state and as a result
a revise list of lands for sale will be
Commissioner Watson has made
the following statement which shows
the tide of immigration is turning
"In view of the provisions of Sec
tion 6, of the act creating this de
partment and in view of the hun
dreds oi' inquiring prospective pur
chasers of agricultural lands?farm
people in other states of the south,
in the east, middle west, and even in
the northwest, the department has
determined to immediately Isaue as
complete a revised list of available
properties as can be collected. We
are now prepared to furnish to all
land owners, real estate concerns and
real estate agents, blanks upon which
to list properties with the depart
ment for publication in the 1911
land list and enter upon the land list
hooks of the department, the keep
ing of such books being required by
law. The blanks referred to clearly
designate the information desirea
and should be promptly filled and
sent to the commissioner of agricul-.
ture without delay. It is my purpose
to issue, the published laud list im
mediately and a post card from any
one asking for blanks, indicating the
number of pieces of properties it is
desired to list, will bring to him nec
essary number of blanks.
"It has been utterly impossible to
adequately answer all of the specific
inquiries that have been received
during the past few months without a
great deal of extra work and hence
this list is to-be issued at the earli
est possible moment."
In accordance with the terms of
Section 6, of the act creating this de
partment, informaiion is wanted
from land owners desiring their
lands to be advertised through the
department on the following points:
1. location?Stating fully portion
of county, distance from railroad line
and canters of population.
2. Number of Acres?State wheth
er capable of being divided into small
tracts. Also state what proportion
is cloared and what woodland, and
the character of the woods.
3. Nature of the Soil?State ful
ly aluo for what the soil Is best suit
ed, naming the crops and setting
fcnb the average yield per acre for
the different crops, together with
the average amount of fertilizers us
ed la past experience.
?4. The Lay of the Land?State
?whether level or rolling, and indicte
5; Water Supply?State whether
creelis or .branches are on the prop
erty and average depth at which
?water is secured in wells.
6. Give a rought plat of land, if
passible. (This may be done on the
had: of the descriptive sheet on
space for that purpose.)
7 Prices?at which you will s?ll
the land, in bulk or broken into
mail farms, and terms upon which
you sell. The prices quoted must be
lived up to for a period of three
months from the date of listing.
S. Lands for Settlement Purposes
?Quote terms for tracts of not less
thai 1,000 acres and up to 40,00o
acrjs, or more. The larger the tract
the easier handled.
In giving the information asked
for fill the blank spaces under num
ber corresponding to the questions on
Tracts of land which the timber
ha:: been freshly cut, which would be
suitable for farming operatious,
steck raising and fruit growing, par
tic alarly such as can be divided into
tracts of 100 acres or less, are par
tic nlarly desired. If your lands are
In che hands of a real estate agent,
note the fact in filling the accom
panying sheet, and give the address
of the agent.
Prospective purchasers will be
asked to communicate direct with
owners or agents.
E. J. Watson,
Settlers to the South.
Increased activity on the part of
the Southern Railway company in the
wjrk of attracting settlers to the
South is indicated by the announce
ment that two additional travelling
immigration agents have been ap
pointed in the land and industrial
department. T. H. Jones, with head
quarters at St. Louis, will travel the
Central West, and J. B. Finster will
have headquarters at Washington, D.
C. These new appointees are well
equipped with experience and train
ing in immigration work and their
duties will be to solicit desirable
classes to locate in the South. With
these additional agents in the field,
the work of ibo Southern Railway for
the upbuilding and development of
Ihe South should be even more ef
fective than in the past.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Key, of
Baltimore, Md., are visiting in Or
angeburg at the home of Mr. ard
Mrs. W. F. Cannon, the latter of
whom being their sister. Mr.
?Key is one of the tax assessors for
Baltimore, which is quite an impor
tant position in a city like Balti
more. We extend Mr. and Mrs. Key
a warm welcome, and hope they will
:nnd it convenient to come down of
ten and spend awhile with us. South
Carolina has a tender spot in her
heart for Maryland and all her good
DECIDES ON NEW BOARD.
To Finish Winding Up the Old Stete
The new Commissioners:
John V. Wallace, Charleston.
James Stackhou^e, Marion.
T. F. Brantley, Orangeburg.
F. H. Dominick, Newberry.
John L. Mimnavigh, Columbia.
The above tamed constitute the
new dispensary commission named
,by Gov. Blease Monday. ?
This board will take the place of
Dr. W. J. Murray of Columbia. Avery
Patton of Greenville, J. Steele Brice
of Yorkville, John McSween of Tlm
monsville and A. N. Wood of Gaffney.
The old commission was removed sev
eral days ago by Hoy. Blease.
Gov. 'Blease was asked Saturday if
he had appointed the members of
the new dispensary commission. He
said that he had not but would do
so on Monday.
John V. Wallace of Charleston
represents the Cable Piano company
and is a former member of the house
James Stackhouse of Marion Is a
former member of the State senate.
Thomas F. Brantley of Orangeburg
Is a former member of the State sen
ate and at one time was candidate
F. H. Dominick is a former law
partner-of Gov. Blease and was at
one time a mem,b2r of the house of
representatives. He lived in Colum
bia for a number of years.
John L. iMimnaugh is a successful
Columbia merchant and a brother of
a prominent Newberry business man.
Made & Fine Sum.
On Friday night there was to have
been a lecture-recital given by Prof.
Harold A. D?ring, Columbia College,
and same was duly advertised. On
Wesnesday Prof. Loring telegraphed
his inability to be here, on account of
illness in his family. Miss Loutie
Tatum, with her able assistants got
busy immediately, and when the
crowd gathered, treated them
to three beautiful songs, sung
by the school Is chorus, and various
piano solos and duets, performed by
Miss Hutt's music pupils. After the
exercises refreshments, consisting of
salads, cakes and chocolates, were
served by the pretty young misses
of the school. A box of candy, and
a cake were '-old by chance, and a
voting contest for the most popuiai
young lady, ( which resulted in a lie
between Miss Irene Rumph, teacher,
and Miss Ruth Thomas) all resulted
in a neat sum oeing raised, the same
being used to make a payment on the
piano bought for the school. Mr. R.
K. Henery and Mr. J. B. Williams
got the cake and box of candy re
spectively. AM present enjoyed them
selves, and a:t'9 ready for something
of the kind a,\ain soon.
Visiting the Colleges.
Dr. J. LaBruce Ward, rural
sanitary inspector of South Caro
lina, and a uerhber of the Rocke
feller commiesiea for the eradication
of the hook-worm disease, lectured
on the disease at Wofford recently.
He said, among other things, that
the dullness tit students was not nec
essarily due to their being mentally
Inefficient bur. was possibly caused
by physical conditions. In other
words they might be suffering from
the hookworm disease He left at
the college enough medicine to treat
the entire student body for hook
worm. Dr. H. N. Snyder, president
of Wofford, in a talk to the s:udenlR
in chapel, ssid that the names oi
those who failed in their examina
tions would be sent to Dr. Ward and
they would be treated for hookworm.
Gone to His Reward.
The many friends of Mr. Paul F.
Gramling will be pained lo hear of
hia death, which sad event occurred
on last Sunday evening, after a short
illness with pneumonia. Mr. Gram
ling was a most excellent man, and
was very successful in all his under
takings. He was married twice, and
leaves two grown sons by the first,
and four cnildren by the second mar
riage. He if: also survived by his last
wife, who was Miss Bertha Connor
before her marriage. Mrs. Gramling
and her litt;? ones have the sympa
thy of a larrre circle of relatives and
friends "in Their sad bereavement.
Their loved one has only gone on be
fore, and tbey will all meet again
in the upper and better world.
Have the Hookworm?
It is becoming customary to treat
college students who fail in their ex
aminations for the hookworm, as it
is believed that the disease causes a
good many luilures. The same plan
should be adopted in reference to
the city schools. We believe many
children are afflicted with this mys
terious disease without knowing they
have it, and it may account for the
failure for some children to keep
up with their classes. Why not have
an expert on the disease visit our
schools ar.;l give his opinion?
Given a Little Respite.
Granted a parole for 2-1 hours by
Governor Blease, John J. .Tones in
tended the funeral of Iiis mother in
Orangeburg county. lie came to'Or
nngeburg Saturday, accompanied by ;i
guard of the penitentiary. Jones
w;:s convicted for killing Abe Pearls
line at Branchville and was -<cn
tenced to the penitentiary for :en
years and thirty days, lie has been
I at the penitentiary for the past sev
eral weeks pending an appeal to the
supreme court. He returned to Co
' 1 umbla Sunday night.
Visits His Old Home.
: Mr. William Willcock, after q ;ite
a trip to his boyhood home in Cau
jada, and also to the home of his son,
j Rev. Frank Willcock, who is pastor
j of a large congregation in the upper
; part of New York State, is in Ur
angeburg shaking hands with his old
friends. He says he enjoyed
every minute of his stay North,
but he was glad to get back to God's
country. He looks well.
REMEDY MAY BE FOUND
SCIENCE WILL YET DEFEAT IN
Dread Disease, Caused by Germ, May
Be Prevented, Thinks Dr. Flexner
of Rockefeller Institute.
Dr. Simon Flexner of the Rocke
feller institute declared, yesterday
that it has now been thoroughly es
tablished that infantile paralysis, the
disease which has brought so much
harm among children in the last few
years, is a germ disease. The germ,
it is true, is too small to be detected
by any microscope, but its presence
and nature have been established in
other ways through animal experi
Dr. Flexner, who is, as a rule, si
lent as to the discoveries made at
the Institute of which he is a di
rector, consented to make this state
ment yesterday to the New York
Times in explanation of one of the
arguments he brought forward at a
hearing at Albany last week in de
fense of the use of animals in medi
cal research. He then stated that
the means of the prevention of infan
tile paralysis has already been estab
lished, and that it might conserva
tively be said that the achievement
of cure is not far distant.
"Infantile paralysis," said Dr.
Flexner, "is a germ disease that at
tacks the spinal marrow and brain,
and by merely injuring or by totally
destroying the delicate tissues causes
either a temporary or permanent par
alysis of the muscles.
"The germ of the disease has been
known for a little more than a year.
It is so excessively minute that the
I most powerful microscope fails to re
veal it, and yet there .are accurate
methods through the employment of
which the nature and presence of the
germ have been determined with cer
"The proof that infantile paralysis
is a germ disease, and almost all our
accurate knowledge concerning the
nature of the disease." Dr. Flexner
went on, "has been secured through
experiments on animals, and could
probably have been obtained In no
"Where does the germ reside?"
the doctor was asked. "It is not
known to reside anywhere in nature,"
he replied, "except in connection
with human beings, who either have
had or have been in contact with
some one who has had infantile par
alysis, or in relation with some ob
ject in close association with patients
suffering from the disease."
"How is the disease spread?" was
the next question. "By persons sick
with the disease or by some one who
has been iln contact with a patient
suffering from the disease. The evi
dence at present available points to
the fact that the germ of the disease
can be carried by healthy persons
who have come in contact with the
sick and themselves will not contract
infantile paralysis, but who may
transfer the germ to other healtu>
persons, who will develop the dis
Dr. Flexner went on to explain
that the germ of infantile paralysis
enters the brain and spinal cord
chiefly; if not exclusively, by way of
the nasal passages. In the course of
the disease, he said, the germ is also
thrown off from the brain through
the nose and mouth.
Hence, protection can be best se
cured by disinfecting or destroying
the secretions of the nose and mouth
of those ill of the disease, and by pre
venting the contamination of persons
or objects with these secretions. Es
pecial pains should be taken to main
tain in a state of cleanliness the
hands, nose and mouth of all chil
dren exposed to the disease, either
directly or indirectly,
j "For how long a time is a patient
in danger of spreading the infec
tion?" Dr. Flexner was asked.
"This question can not be an
swered with absolute precision at
present," he replied, "but it is be
lieved that during the first three or
four weeks of the disease the danger
of transfer is greatest, and hence pa
tient should be carefully isolated
during this period and the discharges
from the nose and mouth carefully
disinfected or destroyed for the pe
riod, and, if possible, for many weeks
I afterward. . v
"There is reason for believing that,
even after the acute symptoms of the
disease have passed, the infection
! may in some instances be still trans
mitted by the patient by means of
t the nasal secretions. It is for this
j reason that the secretions should bo
I cared for over a longer period than[
j is embraced in the acute stages of j
"What, are the main sources of in
"Infantile paralysis is chiefly aj
i disease of children, but it sometimes'
! attacks adults," Dr. Flexner said, j
Since the germ causing it is carried;
! by those who have been ill, as well a*
[by persons who have been in immed
iate contact with the patients, it is]
'not surprising to find that the begin
I nings of many epidemics have been
j traced to schools where many chit-,
idren are assembled; but any consid
erable gathering of persons. wh'Ch
.includes many children who are
! brought together during the preva
lence of the disease, may lie the
means of spreading it widely.
"Thus it has been observed tint '
country fairs, Fourth of July cele-j
?brat ions and like events have all j
' proved to be such centres of distribu
tion of the infect ion."
! The period of greatest prevalence:
of the disease, Dr. Flexner explained,
I , .
is in the summer. As an epidemic
i: is a summer disease; that is. al
most all cases arise in the summer
months, and by far the greatest
number in July, August and Septem- ?
? her. However, the disease does not j
wholly disappear at other seasons,)
? but a small number of cases arise inj
! the spring and fall months, and even j
I in the winter months. Whenever a I
BEWARE OF HIGH HEELS.
They Pile Up Innumerable Woes for
Their Fair Wearers.
Girls who wear high-heeled shoes
are laying up for themselves a cer
tain heritage of misery and broken
health and destroying their chances
for the crowning triumph of woman
hood?home making and bearing
children. This is the declaration of
Dr. Caroline Hedges, a prominent
specialist of Chicago.
She said it was criminal for wait
esses and other working girls to
wear high-heeled shoes.
Waitresses, working ten hours a
day, walk an average of ten miles,
bearing heavy burdens of dishes and
food, and limping about as if they
were strapped to stilts when they
cripple themselves with high heels.
Dr. Hedges said it was a disgrace for
any country to make its young wo
men weary. She pleaded for more
time and easier work for girls, but
urged the girls to discard high heels
and similar follies, which perma
nently crippled and practically un
DECIDES AGAINST GOVERNOR.
Court Says He Can't Appoint With
Judge Gary Saturdayi,enjoined the
township commissioners of Beaufort
county who were appointed by Gov
ernor Blease from taking office. The
commissioners were appointed by
Governor Blease without the recom
mendation of the Beaufort county
"I will let the opinion of the su
preme court stand," said the gov
ernor Saturday, when asked if he
would resist the order. A perma
nent injunction was issued upon an
order to show cause.
This decision will have an import
ant hearing upon the other appoint
ments made by the governor in dis
regard of the recommendation of the
The South's Annual Yield.
$2,690,000,00 from its factories.
$2,600,000,000 from its farms.
$440,000,000 from its forests.
$280,000,000 from its mines.
$1,000,000,000 of cotton with seed.
$730,000,000 of grain.
$200,000,000 of live stock.
$175,000,000 of dairy products.
$170,000,000 of poultry products.
$150,000,000 of fruit and vegeta
$69,000,000 of tobacco.
$50,000,000 of sugar products.
$628,0.00,000 of exports.
24,000,000,000 feet of lumber.
1.250,000,000 pounds of cotton
?1,104,000,000 bushels of cereal6.
100,000,000 tons of coal.
25,000,000 barrels of petroleum.
9,000,000 tons of coke.
6,400,000 tons of iron ore.
3,200,000 tons of pig iron.
2,3 95,000 tons of phosphate rock.
350,000 tons of sulphur.
Messrs. L. G. Southard and W. S.
Derrick, both practical teachers with
considerable experience, have de
termined to open a Teachers' Agency
in this city. The object of the agen
cy will be to bring vacant schools anu
Idle teachers together, and can be
made of great service to both schools
and teachers. The gentlemen launch
ing thjs new enterprise are young
and energetic, and there Is no reason
why it should not prove a success.
case arises, whether in summer or in
winter, it should be isolated and
treated with great care and prompti
tude to avoid the infection of others.
"Is infantile paralysis a new dis
"It is not a new disease," Dr. Flex
ner said, "but the epidemics of it are
new to this country. The disease has
arisen In this country from time to
time for almost half a century, but
in very rare instances have any con
siderable number of cases been
grouped together until the last throe
or four years.
"The present epidemic first ap
peared around Boston and New York
about three years ago, and has grad
ually, continuously and insidiously
extended over North America from
ocean to ocean and from Canada to
Cuba. Prior to this period the epi
demics were limited to Norway and
Sweden, where they have been pre
vailing regularly for more than aj
quarter of a century. The present
epidemic in America is part of the
general epidemic, or pandemic so
called, of the disease affecting a large
part of the civilized world. The dis
ease is prevailing in many European
countries at the present time, as in
the United States and Canada."
Then Dr. Plexner went on to de-!
scribe the available means of com-j
bating the disease:
"At the present time," ho said, i
"there is no specific remedy or cur? ;
for infantile paralysis. The disease
once established can not, therefore, ?
be controlled by the application of
any remedy known to medical sci
ence. Luckily, the disease is not a
highly fatal on.', although it is one
of the saddest of diseases because
of the large amount of crippling it
causes. On the other band, the out
look lias 'urn cr.->:ii:y lni;;!it n,d l.y
r?asort of (lie recent knowle lye
which has been acquired concerning
the nature of the cause of fb^ disease
and the mode of its transmission.
"Tlii.- knowledge permits the ap
plication of intelligent preventive
measures, which, if effectively em
ployed, will serve to diminish the!
number of persons affected with it. .
The most scientific, as well as Hie
most humane, method of dealing
with any disease, is to prevent rather
than to attempt to cure it. Hence,
the effort to control this terrible dis
ease should be in the direction of:
prevention. The various States are'
making a determined effort to deal
with the malady through prevention,
since they have required notification
and quarantining of the disease." * |
LOCAL NEWS ITEMS
PICKED UP ALL OY^R TOWN BY
What Is Happening Here and There.
Local Items of Personal Interest to
Oh, you gripp. Please skip us
We had another nice little shower
the other night.
We saw a straw hat out the other
day. It was picked too soon.
Civil court opened yesterday morn
in with Judge Memminger presiding.
The Times and Democrat publishes
all the news, regardless of who it
hurts or helps.
Mrs. Margaret Stevens, of Rock
Hill, is in the city on a visit to her
parents, Dr. and Mrs. H. W. Bays.
Capt. Thomas Herbert, of Murphy,
N. O, is in the city on an extended
visit to his sister, Mrs. W. H. Bays.
Mr. Fred H. Gramling has been
quite sick for some little time. One
or two of his children are sick also.
All the teachers of the city schools
will attend the meeting of the State
Teachers' Association in Columbia
We call attention to the Spring
cpening going on at Ransdale's. He
aas bargains to offer as usual. See
his ad on this page.
The Sunday School committee
meets this afternoon at the old
church at half-past 5 o'clock. All
ire urged to attend.
Invitations have been received by
the young people of this city to a
dance in St. Matthews given by the
St. Matthews orchestra tonight.
In the last appropriation bill Or
angeburg got $30,000 for the begin
ning of . her postofflce. It won't bt
long before we see it in reality.
Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Jennings, late
of Cope, have taken up their resi
dence in Orangeburg. We extend
them a warm welcome to our little
Orangeburg will have a stretch of
lights from Doyle street to Broughton
on Russell street, and also for a
little way down Broughton street to
wards the Coast Line depot.
The ladies of the Dixie Club are
going to sell some very beautiful
palms and ferns, sometime in the
near future, and all ladles are re
quested to see them. Time and place
will be announced In a few days.
The editor of The Times and Dem
ocrat has .been trying to serve the
people of Orangeburg County for che
past thirty-three years, and he ap
preciates more than words can tell
their many acts of kindness to him.
Our weather prophet says: "Look
for a cold spell the 12th to 16th of
April." He knows nothing about
what the weather will be, but you
will look out for a cold wave, any
Mr. Robert Wilson spent Sunday
in the city with his father, Dr. J. H.
Wilson. Mr. Wilson is manager of
Newberry College baseball team 'this
year. He is a member of the senior
While the subject is up, why not
consider putting the White Way
around the court house square. We
feel sure the business men along that
portion will help the same as the
merchants on Russell street.
The funeral of Mr. Paul F. Gram
ling took place Monday afternoon
[rom his late residence in Moddleton
md his remains were laid to rest in
the Gramling burying ground in the
presence of a large number of
In the State Oratorical contest
Orangeburg will have two of her for
mer schoolboys engaged. Mr. Ash
ley E Merriman has been chosen to
represent the Citadel. The other is
vV. V. Dibble, who will represent
The Orangeburg High School base
ball team will play a game this af
ternoon with that of the Orangeburg
College. A game between these two
Learns last Wednesday resulted in a
victory for the latter by a score of
seven to six.
The Spartanburg Journal says
some farmers were planting corn
Friday. They are just a little too
quick on trigger. April the 5th to
15th is early enough to plant corn,
and if it is put off till the first of
May it will stand a better chance
than that planted now.
("ope Woodmen Meet.
On Thursday night Cypress Camp.
No. 161, W. 0. W.. at. Cope, held its
regular meeting, with a fairly good
attendance. Consul Commander E.
E. Bitter, who was a delegate to the
state Convention, in giving an ac
count of Iiis stewardship treated tne
sovereigns present to a very intcrest
ing'and instructive talk, which ivaa
really enjoyed, it is expected by the
next meeting thai several good pieces
of timber will be Laken into the for
es', as all arrangements having been
made, they only await '.lie return of
l-'ifly-Jilim Vears Ohl.
wiib the current issue, the Rani
well Sentinel reaches it- flfty-nintb
mile-stone of honorable service in the
journalistic field. U is under thf
capable and efficient management of
!:. Boyd Colo, win) has proved him
self a first-class newspaper man. We
hope it will li\ ? forever as a good
newspaper should never die.
That Cold Wave.
The cold wave that was predicted
for Wednesday and Thursday of last
week was only a gentle, delightful
March zephyr down this way, but in
some states of the northwo'-... the
temperature dropped 70 degrees in
1$ hours. The wind cut up all sorts
of capers in New York.
THINK OF IT!!
A CHILD'S DRESS FOR ONLY 85C.
We now have a sale of Children's Dresses. We
bought plenty of them but you had better hurry and
get what you want now.
This is one of our many surprises for you.
They are the cleanest prel tiest daintiest dresses you
ever saw. ah the customers say "Just too sweet for
In blue, lavender, pink, white, brown; trimmed
with chambray, or buttons, or sailor effect, and they
are made of gingham, percale, lawn or chambraj.
Every one fresh and new.
Sizes 2 to 14.
Prices range, quality considered:--85c, $1.00,
$1.25 to $4.00.
COUPON OFFER: 10c on each $1.00
This coupon is gcod for 10c on each
and every dollar you buy of Chil
dren's Dresses only. To introduce
the good goods.?Theodore Kohn.
Having a well equipped place for Millinery, we have decid
ed to make that fine our chief attraction for the comirg sea
son. Our goods are now in and we are in a position to X
serve you at any time. We have w ith us Miss Mattie Brew
er, a Milliner of many years experience, who will be glad to
have you call and inspect our line. Remember, everything , j>
new, high-class and up-to-date, and best of all prices not too
Watch for the date of Opening.
J. C. RANSDALE.
I like racky crackers very much.
The trouble with many cackers is
they wont crack. You can get nice
crisp crackers in this town if you
know where to go. Then your
mama can buy lots of: things for
the table and save herself the trouble
of baking. My mama does. Isn't
it cheaper io buy these things than
to bake them?
Nabiscos, Graham, Saltines,
Cameo, after dinner, Fig Newtons,
Zu Zu, Oysteretts, Lady Fingers,
and Cheese Wafers.
P. S.?You can get all of these
baked things at
IHK FOOD STORE.
i rmti - o vTXB m tarn w ?o? i
Orangebiirg, South Carolina.
| Surplus and profits 25,000
I Liability of Stock
1 holders 30,000
2 Protection to Deposi
I tors $35,000
Highest rate of interest paid
in SAVINGS DEPART
And will pav 4 1-2 per
cent on CERTIFICATES
We want your account.? Wo guarantee absolute safety to de
positors and every courtesy to all customers. We keep your
money for you free of charge and pay you interest. We have
ample resources to give you accommodatlonB. Safe, consen -
live, successful; protected, by Fire Insurance and Burglar J 'g*
Durance. Call and see us or write us.
I). O. HERBERT,
B. F. MUCKEXFUSS,
J. W. CTLLEE