Newspaper Page Text
LAID OUT WORK
The Democi<:tc Comers Arranges the
Tariff Program Hey Waul
FARMERS TO BE HELPED
Canadian Reciprocity and Farmers'
Free list, Comprising Articles
Most Needed, Followed by Woolen
and Cotton Schedules is Order in
Which Legislation Will be Stalled.
News from Washington Indicates
that the Democrats are tending
strictly to business in a business way,
and will do what they can to help
better the condition of the farmers
as well as the consumers. They will
try to ge" bagging and ties on the
Cleoiprccity with Canada and a
farmer's free list, it was decided
at the Democratic caucus held a?
Washington on Tuesday night, will
be the legislation taken up, in the
order naned, by the present House.
The wooleu and cotton schedules, ac
cording to present Indications, will
In the caucus there was no oppos
ition to Canadian reciprocity, and no
change pa* amendment to the bill as
presented by Chairman Underwood,
of the House ways and means com
mittee, \*ere offered by any of those
On th< free list will he included
those things which the farmer most
needs, ramely, agricultural imple
ments, d :essed meat and meat pro
ducts, floor, rough lumber, shoes and
saddles, wire fencing, baling wire,
cotton bilging, cotton ties, bagging
ties, burlap and salt.
On miiny of these products the
present Lariff is practically prohibi
tive, and there are few importations
of them on that account. It is im
possible, for this reason, to estimate
what the difference will all amount
to by putting them on the free list.
In the debate which followed
Chairman Underwood's presentation
of the general plan, a spirited dis
cussion developed among the mem
bers. Mr. Sherley, of Kentucky, de
sired to have the Canadian recipro
city bill and the free list combined.
He was generously supported.
The introduction of the bill, prob
ably Thursday, as caucus measures,
will not stand in the way of the im
mediate introduction of three impor
tant measures?popular election of
Senators:, publicity of election contri
butions' and Statehood for Amou*.
These are not to be treated as cau
cus measures, but will come in as
party bills and will be taken up for
action as soon as they can be re
ported from their respective commit
Another caucus is to be held to
debate che revision of the wool and
cotton schedules, to be taken up in
the House following the passage of
the reciprocity and free list bills.
The caucus voted a straight en
dorsemant of the Underwood recipro
city bill, 128 ayes, 29 noes and six
The caucus added a provision to!
the Underwood reciprocity bill, call
ing on the President to continue ne
gotiations with Canada with a view
to establishing further reciprocal
trade relations. Mr. Fitzgerald, of
New York, fought this provision, but
he was voted down.
SHOT WHILE HELD.
Georgia Banker Murdered in a Cow
A dispatch from Savannah, Ga.,
tells of a most cowardly murder, fis-j
caping unharmed though three loads!
from a repeating shotgun had been
sent at him. C. E. Lees a planter ofj
Chalham county, Monday afternoon j
sent three pistol bullets into the!
breast, of L. H. Hilton, president of
the S< reven County bank, member of;
Sylvania city council and one of the!
wealthiest and most prominent men j
of this county. Hilton was dead in I
five minutes. Hilton, armed with his|
shotgun, approached Lee on the!
street and began firing. Friends dis-i
armeci and held him after he fired
three times, and then Lee walked up
and sent three bullets into his foe.
Lee escaped, but telephoned the sher
iff he w as ready to surrender.
Caught Him at last.
Followed from St. Louis for seven:
years by a negro detective, William
Bossie Francis, who is charged with
murder and rape in that city, was]
taken from the chaingang at Durham,:
N. C . Tuesday and held for Missouri
offices. Francis had served five1
years for highway robbery and was
servi tg sentence again for larceny.
Should lie Passed.
Representative Webb of Xorth Car-j
olina introduced a bill making un
lawful the shipment of intoxicants of j
any kind from one state or territory:
into 3ny state or territory, provided :
Blich shipment is contrary to the law'
of the state or territory into which it ;1
E. L. Large, a rural mail carrier of I
Society Hill, Darlington County, was I
arrested on Saturday on the charge of
brea:h of trust with fraudulent in
tent?receiving money for money or-1
ders and failing to turn it i'J.
THE FUNDS SENT OUT TO THE
Decrease for the Total List Shows
161 Dropped From Roll?Spartan
burg is Heaviest.
The penrlon fund amount to ap
proximately $250,000, was sent out
to the pensioners of the State yester
day by the State board of pensions.
It was announced that 75 requeBtf?
for pensions had been refused by the
board on account of property owned.
There are 9,431 names on the pen
sion rolls of the State for 1911 as
against 9,592 for last year. The
number of pensionars reported dead
during the year was 742. Forty-two
were dropped from Income. There
were 623 new names added to the
roll for the State. There was a total
decrease in names of 161.
The following are the amounts
A receives $96; class R $72; class
C, number 1, $48; class 6, number
2, $20.60; class C, number 3, $4S,
and class C, number 4, $20.80.
The followln are the amounts
sent to each county:
Dillon.. .:. 3,174.40
Newberry.. . 4,560.80
Oconee.? .. .. 7,195.60
Orangeburg.. .'. 5,931.00
LEAVE FEERY TRAIL.
Mexican Bandits Murder Residents
of Small Town.
Early advices from Guadalajara,
Mexico, state that bandits from the
territory of Tcpuc have raded Paios
Verdes, a small town in the Mas
cota district of Jalisco, killing the
local judge, Jose Montes de Oca, and
ten other residents. The bandits are
said to have secured some money and
extensive supplies of com and beans.!
A detatchment of stete gendarmes.'
have been sent in pursuit of the]
bandits, who are reported to be in
the Mascota district. Specials toj
Guadalajara from Merida. the capi
tal of Yucatan, tell of insurrecto ac-l
tivity in the southern states of a I
Conipeche and Yucatan.
?-".intations arc being raided, it isj
de? .red. and a number of jen'quin
plants have been burned. Tho ag
gregate loss is said to be heavy, j
Among the plantations to suffer lo.-s
is that of Olegaro Molina, a former j
member of the Diaz cabinet. The
managers of the Santa Rosa planla-j
tion in Yucatan and Kayal plants-]
tlon in Compeche are said to have'
Admit Negro W->men.
Jacob G. Schurman, president of1
Cornel University, Monday brought
to an end the controversy which has!
been in progress for a few weeks ov- j
er admitting negro women students,
to Sage college dormitory. In a state-;
ment issued to Mrs. F. S. Martin of'
the women's advisory council, he says !
tha:; all negro women students are to
be idmitted to the privileges of the
woman's dormitories if they request
Booze Makers Shot.
In a gun fight between the ''moon
shiners" of Van Buren county, and
a posse led by several revenue officers
Henry Sullivan, a distiller, was killed,
and two others were badly hurt, ac
cording to information that reached
Sparta, Tenn., Monday.
Dead on Lonely Road.
With a bulle! hol" through his
head, Aquilina Diaz of the firm of
Andres Diaz & Co.. cigar manufac
turers, was found Monday 17 miles
from Tampa. Fla., on a lonely road.
His coat had been neatly folded and
his head placed on it.
Application has been made to the
secretary of State for a charter for
a linen mill to be looa:"d at Green
ville, the capital stork to be $200,000
It will be only linen mill in the south.
TORE UP TBE CROPS
GREAT DAMAGE IS DONE IN
BARNWELL BY THE HAIL.
Section in and Around Zorn's Mill
Swept by Destructive Storm?Im
A special to The State from Barn
well says the section in and around
Zorn's mill, a few miles from liarm
! well, was visited by a most disastrous
I hailstorm Saturday evening, which
lasted about 20 minutes and did
great damage to tender young crops
and gardens. A light shower of hail
stones also fell here during the thun
derstorm of Saturday.
The stories told of the storm and
the havoc wrought are almost unbe
lievable. The stones, many of which
are said to have been as large as *
good sizen marble, came down in a
veritable cloudburst, and the ap
proach of the storm could be neaiu
at quite a distance.
R. L. Usrery said that In ditches
the drifts of stones were from 12
inches to two and thfee feet deep.
Gardens were badly damaged, but
luckily no crops were up In his im
C. B. Swann's garden and a fine
patch of rye, waist high, were lit
eraly torn to shreds, as were sev
eral acres of beautifully growing
cantaloupe and watermelon vines.
Mr. Swann stated that he had just
fertilized some 40 acres of land, us
ing 1,000 pounds of fertilizer to the
acre, and that the rain washed prac
tically all cf it away. He will have
all of his wark to do over again, with
the great loss of time and money
A local physician, returning from
a visit to a patient in the country,
was forced to get out of his buggy
and hold the buggy seat over his
horse's hee.d to protect it from the
Stones which had been on the
ground since Saturday night were!
from one-half to three-fourths of an
inch in diameter on Monday. They
must have been fully one inch in
diameter when they first fell.
It. is impossible at this time to es
timate the great damage done by the
storm, as many farmers living in that
section have not been heard from,
but It will likely run into the thou
sands of collars.
SOON FOLLOWED HDL
Wife Died Two How's After Her Hus
band Passed Away.
En route to her home in Union,
S. C., to make arrangements for tnt.
burial of her husband, at whose bed
side in a Spartanburg hospital tthe
had remained until death came at 7
o'clock Monday evening, Mrs. M. Y.
Dunlpp died very suddenly as the
train was nearlng her destination.
Her death came within two hours al
ter that of her husband. The hus
band was carried to Spartanburg for
an operation, which was performed
Monday afternon, death ensuing a
short while afterward. The wife,
three sons and daughter were at the
bedside when the end came. The
sons remained in Spartanburg to ac
company the body fn Union, while
the grief-stricken wife and daughter
went home to prepare for the funeral.
They left Spartanburg at 8 o'clock.
All the children are grown.
SHOWING UP THE STEAL.
Every Box of Lemons Tells of the
Practically every box of lemons
brought into the United States from |
foreign ports now carries to its con-;
sinners a message protesting against!
the hi'gh rate in the Payne-Aldrlch j
tariff on lemons. Beginning this;
week, the New York fruit importers
union stationed men with stensils on ?
all the piers where shjnnonts of lem-i
ons arrive, and they will paint on I
each box a pithy protest against the)
"If lemons were free this box
would cost you $1.26 less."
Others are: "The tariff is squeez
"Revise the tariff and get me
"If the tariff squeezes me much |
more I wont come here," and "the
tariff is making us sour on the Unit-j
Perish in Flames.
At Bombay, B. I., two hundred
men, women and children were:
burned to death Monday night In n
I fire which destroyed a thatched struc
ture in which they had gatherd for a
festival. Five hundred persons were
in the building when the fire broke
out. There was only one exit and an
indescribable panic ensued.
Sent to the Pen.
Sev^n years at hard uibor in State's
prison was the sentence meted out to
'each of four leaders of a black hand
band in the common pleas court at
Newark, N. J., Monday. A fifth pris
oner, a wealthy Italian, was sen
tenced to a three-year term. They
were convicted of drugging and rob
bing two men.
The turstees of C'emson Colie-e
have bought three tracts of land ad
joining the college property, aggre
gating 235 acres, paying for it $1S,
000. The college now has over 1,500
JRG, S. C, THURSDAY, APR]
THE PEOPLE WIN
Radical Rale Passes in South Carolina
Thirty- Four Years Ago.
GOOD STEALING ENDS
Last Monday Was the Anniversary of
Hampton's Triumph and "Chamber
lain's Downfall?United States
Troops Removed From the State
House on April 10, 1877.
Monday was the anniversary of the
emancipation of the State of South
Carolina from the rule of negroes
and carpet-baggers. Thirty-four
years ago Monday D. H. Chamberlain,
the radical governor, formally re
linquished the control of the execu
tive office to Wade Hampton. The
United States troops were removed
from the State house after five
months' occupancy, and white rule
was supreme. Reconstruction days,
the premiere days of good steahiife,
were at an end. The following from
The State will be read with interest:
Wade Hampton waB elected gov
ernor of South Carolina on Novem
ber 7, 1876. D. H. Chamberlain, thb
radical candidate, refused to give up
the office. A detachment of the
United States soldiers were placed in
the State house to protect him.
Hampton and the other Democratic
State officers installed themselves in
the old Carolina hall, destroyed o>
fire two years ago; and refused to
recognize the Chamberlain regime.
In March, 1877, Hampton and
Chamberlain both went to Washing
ton to lay their respective claims to
the office of governor of South Caro
lina before President Hayes and his
cabinet. Hampton's claims were rec
On April 2, 1877, President Hayes
instructed the secretary of war to or
der the troops, quartered in the State
house under Gen. Rugers, to remove
to their camp. "It ends the strug
gle." said Chamberlain, "and makes
Hampton practically governor."
After the order was issued, Gov.
Hampton wired to W. D. Simpson in
Columbia: "Everything is satisfac
torily and honorably settled. I ex
pect our people to preserve absolute
peace and quiet. My word is pledged
for them. I rely on them." His
reliance was not misplaced. The men
who had put him in office in Novem
ber did not make even a demonstra
Hampton left Washington on April
5, 1877. for Columbia. He was met
in Charlotte by a delegation of some
60 citizens. On April 7, Hampton,
"the liberator," reached his capital.
A magnificent celebration was ar
ranged to welcome him to Columbia.
Two batteries of artillery fired salutes
every minute after his train rolled
into the old depot at the end of
Blanding street. The street, "half
way to High street," was massed with
people and vehicles. A procession was
formed at the depot, Gov. Hampton
and the State officials leading in car
riages and followed by numerous
military companies, the old Columbia
volunteer fire companies and other
The procession went up Blanding
stret and down Main to Carolina
hall, where Gov. Hampton delivered
The next two days were vnevent
ful, bat on April 10 Gov. Hampton
wrote as follows to Chamberlain:
"State of South Carolina, Executive
"Columbia, S. C, April 10. 1877.
"Sir: Having learned that you
now propose to turn over to me (lie
executive cliamber with the record
and papers belonging to the executive
office, now in your possession. I beg
to inform yon that I will send a
proper officer to receive the Fame al
any hour you may indicate as most
convenient to yourself.
"1 am very respectfull
"Your obedient servant,
To which Chamberlain replied:
"State of South Carolina, Executive
"Columbia. S. C. April 10, 1S77.
"Sir: Reply to your note of this
date, I have to say that my private
secretary will meet such officer as
you may dosignate at 12 meridian to
morrow at the executive chamber, for
the purpose indicated in your note.
"D. H. Chamberlain,
The order of President. Hayes, re
moving the United States soldiers
from the State house, went into ef
fect on April 10, 1 S77. .14 years ago
yesterday. Twenty men, under the
command of Lieut. Haynes of Com
pany 15. Second regiment, were on
duty there guarding the radical gov
ernor and State officials. The detach
ment was ordered to remove to its
camp at noon.
"All was done so suddenly." writes
the lamented Carlyle McKinley of
the evacuation of the State bouse,
"that the clock could bo beam oir.R
ing after the doors wore dosed. The
bell strikes slowly at best, ano it re
quired littli- susj;restion to evolve the
comparison of a funeral knell. Twelve
strokes sounded, and 12 Ions, weary,
wretched years of carpet-bag misrule
were tolled off one by one, and con
signed to the tomb of the past lor
ever. never to know a resurrection."
P.eforo surrendering the office he
had held by force since November.
1S7G, Chamberlain made a bitter ad
L 13, 1911.
C.OOD MAN GONE
CLEVELAND MOURNS DEATH OF
TOM L. JOHNSON.
He WfiiS One Millionaire Who De
voted His Wealth and Talents to
Cleveland. Ohio, mourns the death
of her noblest citizen, one who was
loved by all. He was a millionaire,
but a devoted friend of the common
people. Tom L. Johnson was a no
ble man. His body laid in state at
the city hall in Cleveland and was,
visited by thousands of people who
knew und loved him.
Scores of telegrams expressing
condolence and paying tribute to the
worth of Mr. Johnson were sent
from prominent men in all parts of
country including Gov. Judson Har
mon, Wm. J. Bryan, Senator Burton,
Senator Atlee Pomerene, Mayor Wm.
L. Gay nor of New York, Mayor Brand
Whitlock of Toledo, and nearly every
congressman from Ohio.
Gov. Harmon said: "A more hon
est man that Johnson never lived.
Mr. Bryan: "No man in the past
generation did more affective work
for the people than Tom L. Johnson."
Mayor Gaynor: "The country at
large has lost one of its greatest?
a great man who fought for gui/t.
During his last Illness Mr. John-i
son was requested to write his au
tograph in the birthday book of Miss
Louise Graham, a friend of the fam
ily. Commenting on the paragraph
selected, Mr. Johnson's secretary re-j
marked on its appropriate sentiment.1
Mr. Johnson said he "hoped he would
be so" and signed his name to the'
"His face was a thanksgiving for|
his past life and a love letter to all
When Arthur Fuller, the chauf
feur for Mr. Johnson, visited the pa
tient Sunday afternoon, he reraark
>ed that his employer was still smil
"Yes, Arthur, I'm dying, but I still
have my smile, and I am going to
die smilling" replied the former
And he did.
After the Tigers
The governor has issued a pro
clamation to all sheriffs ana their
deputies, magistrates and their con
stables, rural police, city and town
officers of the State to enforce the
whiskey laws. He says in his pro
clamation that he will give assistance
in the enforcement of all laws and
asks all of the good citizens to as
dres to the radical State officials in
which he accused Hayes and his cab
inet of deserting the very men who
were responsible for his election to
the presidency of the United btaieb.
At 11 o'clock, on April 11, 1S77,
Chamberlain left the State house,
never to return.
According to their agreement.
Gov. Hampton sent his private secre
tary, the late Maj. Wade Hampton
'Manning, to meet C. J. Babbitt,
Chamberlain's private secretaiy. at
I the executive office at noon on April
11, 1911, when the great seal of!
I South Caiolina and the keys of the'
office were turned over to Maj. Man
ning. Hampton was thus formally
installed in office.
The Columbia Phoenix, published
i by the late Julian P. Shelby, issued a
! one-page extra on April 10, 1S77, to
t chronicle the evacuation of the State
| house by the United States troops.
The leading editorial in tne oxna.
entitled "Out at Last,*' is given i:i
| Promptly, while the bell was!
striking 12, the troops marched out
the east door of the State house and!
wended their way toward the bar
racks in the eastern part of the city.
J Gov. Hampton had stationed persons
at the various entrances to the State
house square to request people notl
to pass in, consequently scarcely any
one was to be seen inside, and but
! few were standing around outside to
; witness the departure. No hurrahing
1 or any demonstration of any kind
j was made, and all passed off as quiet
j ly as possible for a movement to be
made. About five months ago the
i troops took possession of the State
. house at the dead hour of ni?ut iu.
. the purpose of assisting in the per
j petration of that outrageous fraud
j which has fastened an illegal presi
j dent upon the country and also to
: uphold an illegal government in this
' State. They have done their work
; well, though Mr. Hayes, after finding
himself seated in tlie presidential
; chair, sees he can not longer stem
the tide of public opinion which is
setting with such overwhelming force
against the frauds and crimes whicu
, have been perpetrated under protec
tion of the military, and therefore or
ders the troops removed from tlu
I State house, thus knocking the onlt
j prop from under the Chamberlain
; government on which it could rely,
jand lets it tumble to the ground,
j r;ov. Chamberlain, after a most de.
termined struggle, thus found him
self swinging in the air, with nothing
to support his unjust cause, and made
ja virtue of necessity by dictating,
after issuing the false and malignant
; document which we publish in anoth
: er column. Thus ends this memo
rable contest, and now that right and
! just has prevailed, and flow Homp
| ton is the acknowledged legal execu
tive of the State, we trust quiet and
prosperity will again be restored.
URGES THEM TO WORK
THE RURAL MAIL CARRIERS
WILL IMPROVE SERVICE.
Thos. E. Wicker, President of Asso
ciation, Issues Call to Workers in
Thos. E. Wicker, president of the
Rural Free Delivery Carriers' Asso
ciation of South Carolina, has issued
an address to the carriers of this
State, urging increased interest in
the organization. Mr. Wicker, in his
"Brother Rural Carriers of South
Carolina: Below you will find a list
of rural carriers whom I have ap
pointed several organizers for their
respective counties. See if your name
is on the list, and If it is, then go
to work with a vim for your county
association; if it is not, then write
yoar county organizer at once and
tell him your services are at his com
"In several counties I have made
no appointments because I didn t
know who would be willing and m
tersted enough to undertake the
work. I should be glad to have the
names of hustlers from those coun
ties, so that the list of organizers
could be made complete. The ap
pointment of special organizers
doesn't mean that State and county
officers may become less active in
their efforts to secure members.
"The State convention at Newberry
last July was the largest and best
In the hfstory of the association. The
question now is, Will it be excelled
by the convention at Florence next
July? What does Florence say about
it? What does Burch say about it?
What do we all say about it? Our
presence in goodly numbers will make
it a success; our absence will make
it a failure.
"Now let us all get busy in the in
terest of our county conventions on
the 3 0th of May. Remember the na
tional dues, as fixed at Little Rock
last year, are 75 cents and State dues
25 cents. Your county dues, if any,
are what you choose to make them.
"Let us all join the association for
the good of the service and for our
own good. If by getting together in
conventions and exchanging ideas, we
are benefited, then, of course, the
service will be benefited to the same
extent. The carrier who refuses or
neglects to join the association, iso
lates himself and pockets his salary
at tlie end of the month. This is the
sum total of his interest in the rural
mail service. The carrier who joins
the association manifests by that very
act, a desire to learn, througa tue
association as a medium, the wishes
of the department officials in the con
duct of the service. He is wide
awake and more efficient than nis
isolated brother, because he is in
touch with the department and in
sympathy with those who are trying
to improve the service.
"There may be some among Us wiiu
think that the recent salary increase
was not as large as it should have
been. From our viewpoint perhaps
it was not: but from the viewpoint
of the government it was solely a
question of economy. We must not
forget that our branch of the service
is young and. in some respects, im
perfect, therefore, looking at it in this
light, let us who are in the field co
operate with our superiors at head
quarters, to the end that the imper
fections in the service may be elim
inated and that we may become more
efficient and deseryini. When these
things have been accomplished there
need he no doubt that our compensa
tion will ho as generous as we could
wish. Uncle Sam is not stingy, but.
as every good business man should
be, he is conservative.
"In closing, let. me again urge
upon you the importance of your
presence at Florence, July 4 and -r>
?three days. Come, whether a mem
ber of the association or not.
"Thos. E. Wicker,
The special organizers are as fol
? Abbeville County?J.Milton F. Mar
Anderson County ? J. J. Tussell,
' Honea Path.
Aiken County?George T. McCain,
Barnwell County?E. E. Fickling.
j Chester County?J. C. Moore,
Chesterfield County?D. M. Mc
Clarendon County?Siles B. Com?,
Colleton County?Thos. P. Black,
Darlington County?I. M. Cray,
Florence County?J. M. Gray, Dar
Williamsburg County?J. M. Gray,
Dorchester County?.T. A. Murray,
Rdgefield County?Sam D. Maye,
Edge fit Id.
(?'airfield County?Clark Langford,
Greenville County?P. fluff,
Greenwood County?L. B. Aull,
Kershaw County?.T. E. Kosh.
Lancaster County?C. J. Sistire,
Laurons County?A. C. Owings.
i Gray Court.
: Anderson County?J. J. Tusseli,
TWO CENTS PER COPY.
THEY WANT MORE
New Orleans Cotton Exchange Denenncfs
ROBBING THE FARMERS
j The Exchange Demands Relief for
the South, and Would Check Ra
pacity, Which "Would Increase tho
Duty and Thus Plunder the Cotton
Growers of Millions.
That the cotton bagging and the
trust, not satisfied with robbing the
American cotton planter of one mil
lion dollars annually throug? unjust
tariff placed upon bagging and ties
under the Payne-Aldrich tariff law,
are planing to increase their levy
on the cotton crop to $2,000,000 an
nually, is declared in resolutions ad
opted Monday by the New Orleans
The resolutions appeal to Congress
to place bagging and ties on the free
list and urge the enactment of the
necessary legislation at the present
extra session of Congress. President
W. B. Thompson, of the Cotton "ax
change, in a letter which be address
ed to each member of Congress, tells
of the great importance to the South
of this alleged tariff steal. He says
"The cotton crop of the South
yields an average of about 12,000,
000 bales. Of this total approximate
ly five-eights, or 7,500,000 bales, rep
resenting an average money value of
lover $500,000,000 are exported and
exchanged for foreign gold. The
' mere statement of these facts attests
the importance of the cotton produc
ing Industry, emphasizes the obliga
tion, which the country at large owes
the producer of this crop and estab
lishes his right to at least just treat
ment at the hands of the general law
"Under the present tariff law, the
duty on steel cotton ties amounts to
2.7 cents per bale, or $324,000 on a.
crop of 12,000,000 bales. This tariff
is prohibitive, as is snown by the fact
that no steel ties are imported.
'Therefore the government has no
I share in this impost which consti
tutes simply and solely tribute levied
upon the cotton farmer for the ben
efit of the cotton tie trust.
"The duty on jute bagging imposed
by the present tariff law amounts to
5V* cents-per bale or $630,000, on
a crop of 12,000,000 bales. This tar
iff is to a 'arge extent prohibitive in
asmuch as it yields only about $100,
000 in revenues to the government.
The balance of about $435,000 con
stitutes a tribute paid by the cotton
farmer to the bagging trust.
"But the bagging trust Is not sat
isfied with its share of this impost,
ft desires to raise the duty to a figure
which will not only prevent the gov
ernment from receiving any revenue
therfrom, but will enable the trust
to take from the farmer four times
as much as it has been able to take
"This trust has recently m^ae &
I technical test case based upon a ques
\ tion of chemical analysis, and has
secured a ruling thereon from the
board of general appraisers In New
York, which will change the duty on
'imported bagging from ttte presen
I rate, which amounts to about 5 1-4
cents per bale, to an ad valorem duty,
which will amount to about 21 cents
per bale. This means an increase
from ?t;:-,0,ooo on the crop to prac
tically $2,500,000, all of which the
trust will collect from the farmer
without any division with the govern
"Tlius under the Payne-A?*rich;
law as heretofore Interpreted, the
cottor producer lias borns the bur
uen of a $i'"?0.000 yearly tax on han
ging and ties and if the chemical in
terpretation holds, he will hereafter
be mulcted In the yearly sum of $2.
SOO.000 for his baling materials, all
of which goes into the treasuries of
the bagging and tie trusts.
"From this it will appear that not
only the proposed outra.ce, but the
present tax on bagging and ties is in
adequate and wrong; and because the
Western farmer has, and has had for
more than 15 years, his binder twines
on the free list, the tax upon the
Southern farmer stands condemned
on the additional discrimination."
Twenty Were Drowned.
It is belived 20 lives were lost
when the little wooden steamer Iro
(|uois, plying between Sydney. Van
couver Island, and the islands of the
f!ulf of Georgia, capsized soon after
leaving Sydney .Monday.
Lee County?J. E. Campbell, Cam
Lexington County?L. B. Addy,
Newberry County? McD. Metts,
Orangeburg County?L. B. Lido,
Pickens County?C. G. Masteis,
Bichland County?Jno. A. Jen
Saluda County?.Tarr.es Herbert,
Spartanburg County?P.. Bryant,
Sumter County?A. J. Ard, Sum
Union County?H. J. Thomas, Car
York County?W. T. Sims, Sharon.