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ESTABLISHED IN 1809.
Published Three Times Each Week.
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Entered as second class matter on
January 9, 1909, at the poet office at
Orangeburg, 8. C, under the Act of
Congress of March, 1879.
Jas. Ii. Sims, ? Edltor and Prop.,
Jas. Izlar Sims, - - Publisher.
One Year (by carrier).2.00
Three Month3. ..40
Remittances should be made pay
able to The Times and Democrat,
Orangeburg, S. C, by registered let
ter, check or money order.
It seems to be impossible to bury
"that Lorimer matter." The case
is so black that whitewash enough
can not be put on to' make it look
That Chicago negro lawyer who
has sued Uncle Sam for infringing
on a patent must be under the im
pression that the old gentleman has
money to throw away.
What jiome people call trusting in
providence is nothing but laziness.
The man who thinks providence will
help him without any effort on his
part speedily finds out his mistake.
Congre ss is about to investigate the
poBtraast.irs of the country, especial
ly as to -heir political activities and
collection IcC political assessments.
No doubt some of them wili be found
While in theory it has always been
true that the law is no respector of
persons, yet in actual working the
rich man has generally had the ad
vantage over his poor neighbor.
There aro hopeful signs that this will
It is qjite a time since any of the
Goulds, /anderbilts and other con
spicuous members of so-called high
society save come Into the limelight
through oome scandal. Does It mean |
that morals are Improving in that
circle? There was certainly need
The Standpat Republican Senators
have oniy thrown the crumbs to the
Insurgents in the way of committee
appointments, and they are as mad
as wet hornets. But. as the old lady
said to the eel she was skinnig,
it is pretty tough, but they will have
to grin and bear It.
One j rincipal reason why farmers
throughout the country find it hard
to get help is the long hours of
work. That seems to discount all
the advantages a farm position of
fers. iS.'en in the cities may not live
so well but'they have shortter hours
of labor and that evidently counts.
The D. A. R. seems to have im
bibed Home of the warlike charac
teristic*, of their ancestors for it
seems impossible for them to have
an annual meeting uithout engaging
in a conflict. The choice of a presi
dent seems to be about as strenuous
an affcir as was ever any battle in
A few years ago, when several
state tatglslatures were reducing rail
road possenger rates, it was said by
advocates of the reduction that the
railroad companies would find it to
their udvantage. So far as concerns
Illinoiii and a few other states that
prediction Has 'come true with a
gratifying increase in dividends.
Many people lose heart easily in
the b tttle of life and give up the
struggle if conditions become unfav
orable. This accounts partly for the
large number which, every year, com
mit siicide. A little courage and
heart and the rough corners of ad
versitr would be safely passed and
once passed life would be the strong
? The man who acts honestly simply
because he believes it is the best
policy is not hone6t at heart. The
man who in this matter is actuated
by motives of policy rather than of
principle in effect declares that it
honesty were not financially best for
him he would not practice it. The
man thus acting plays fast and loose
with business morality.
We bestrew the caskets with flow
ers, l lake post mortem eulogies, and
inscr be eloquent epitaphs upon the
tombstones of dead frir/ds, and all
that is well. But, as a rule we do
not ;;ive enough flowers nor speak
enough words of appreciation while
they are alive. One need never fear
in b 'stowing judicious praise upon
others. Usually there is plenty of
criticism to balance the amount 'and
keep them humble.
It is a rare day when some univer
sity professor does not make some
startling and radical assertion with
the desire, apparently, of getting
talked about. Usually this distinction
falls to tho university of one of
our arje cities, but the latest effus
ion :ome from a Harvard professor.
His assertion that woman is mentally
inferior to man and is closer to the
savage state strikes most people as
being ludicrously absurd.
Toe crazo for aviation does not
seen: to be so pronounced as it was
before death took such a toll of
dariig birdmen. This does not nec
essarily mean that people have lost
interest or that the science of aer
nauiics will not make great advance.
What it probably does mean is that
the past tragedies have given avia
tors a saner view and that instead of
malting foolhardy flights attention
will bo given mainly to making avia
tiorj more practical and serviceable.
Caused by the Tariff.
The price of most farm products,
except cotton, has been falling dur
ing the past year, although the Re
publicans insist that the tariff pro
tects the farmer. But when we com
pare present prices with those of a
year ago on a number of commodi
ties we find that wheat has declined
in price 17 per cent., corn 10, oats
18, flour 10, lard 37, pork SO, beef
20. butter 40, leather 10, iron 14.
and print cloths 12 per cent. The
decline in price of the farm pro
ducts makes quite a hole in the in
come of the farmers, and of course ?it j
follows that business in the farming
regions is dull; for with less income
there must be less outgo. Business
is dull except in the cotton states, and
quiet business in the agricultural
districts means a stoppage of produc
tion in the manufacturing centers
and in the wholesale markets; there-'
fore, business is quiet, many men are
out of employment and wages are de
The decline in the price of necessi
ties is a boon to the consumers in
the cities, and without it there would
be greater distress than there now
is; for on the average eighty cents
now will buy the same quantity of
food that required one dollar a year
ago. But falling prices always re
tard business, because the manufac
turer, the wholesaler, and the re
tailer fear to stock up when prices
are declining. When prices are ad
vancing the manufactures buys free
ly of r.-iw material, the * ' olesaler
stocks up, and the retai' orders
more liberally; and each advises his
customers to buy, for "goods are go
ing up." Sueh business conditions
are the beginning of a boom. The
good times continue for awhile until
many people become extravagant and
_pver-(venturesome; then !tbe boom
fades and the decline in prices fol
lows in due course.
Since the panic of 1907 we have
been going through a recuperating
period which has been much retard
ed by the effort to keep up prices
by pretending that business is good.
Even more absurd has been the idea
that business would be good if the
people could only be bamboozled in
to believing that it is good A sort
of Christian Science applied to our
business ills! Whether we have at
last reached the end of the cycle of
falling prices, aud may soon expect
improvement is an unsettled problem.
Further time will probably be. re
quired before a change for the bet
ter comes. If we have good crops
this year, and if next fall when the
harvest is assured confidence begins
[to return, we may expect more nor
[ mal business conditions. After awhile
I prices will again turn upward and
! the beginning of another boom will
be born to develop in the future.
There seems to be no escape from
these downward and upward trends in
business and prices. If we were not
hampered with high tariff-protection
we would undoubtedly recover more
quickly, for the tariff protection to
the trusts and combines allows them
to maintain their high prices long af
ter, the law of supply and demand
woudl have caused a reduction in
prices and the increased consump
tion that always follows.
Our panic of 1907 was somewhat
duplicated in England, but in that
country, not being tied down by a
tariff to keep prices up artificially,
values rapidly declined and consump
tion increased so that business there
is better now than it has been for
many years, while we are still strug
gling with falling prices and dull
business. It is impossible to avoid
the conclusion that our business ills
are greatly of our own making, and
that with tariff reform accomplished
hard times will be less prolonged and
less disastrous than they are now.
The English Bible.
The three hundreth anniversary of
the King James version of the Bible
was celebrated throughout the world
last month. The Augusta Chronicle,
in commenting on this celebration,
says "even to a greater extent than
Shakespeare or Chaucer, all men
who speak and read English may
gather together on a common foot
ing of a mutual heritage, the widest
circulated version of the Scriptures?
in fact, of all books.
"The King James Bible is perhaps
the most perfect product of scholars'
minds the world has ever owned.
Despite modern revisions it stands
and will always stand as the bed
rock of the Protestan-t'o faith. In
fundamentals, or essentials, it will
always be the basis o f the creed pro
fessed by a very large portion of the
"When James assembled his men
of learning to produce a version of
the Scriptures in the language of
his people, the religious tnd political
worlds were blended in confusion.
Tenets of faith fougnt for survival
in the authorities of belief. Official
life was torn by disputes over ques
tions of doctrine. Btu despite all
these, our Bible contains no reflec
tion of the controversies that rag
led in the English church. It w.is
: prepared with true fidelity to truth
land utter disregard for all conten
| tions of the time.
"It is claimed that its English
is the purest and most perfect that
has ever been written into a book,
j Shakespeare cannot contend with it
j for supremacy as an authority on the
use of our tongue. It has perhaps,
contributed more than .11 other
works toward keeping the language
in a state of definite purity.
"Aside from the religious signifi
cance of the anniversary, there is a
scientific literary interest that will
appeal to every student regardless of
(his beliefs. And its meriis as a book
prepared with great care alone make
the event worthy of celebration.
"During the past three hundred
years, it has wielded more Influence
upon the millions of people living
within its circulation than all ether
books existing during the same per
iod. It has had greater effect on liter
ature, on government, on manners
and tastes than all the libraries of
"The celebration of its ter-centen
ary anniversary will do much good
in calling attention to Its merits
outside of its scriptural character.
As literature, it has no equal in all
the language. And those who care
not to read It as a religious duty or
fox divine inspiration will find therein
an Interest making its frequent per
sual well worth while from the view
points of both pleasure and profit.
"No man can gain a thorough un
derstanding of English literature
without good knowledge of the Bi
ble; for no other book Is quoted so
frequently by profane authors and
no other Is intermixed with laws,
morals and phllosphies, so complete
ly." The man or woman who has
not read this great book have no
idea what they have missed. Start
right now, and read it through care
fully and thoughtfully.
Revise the Tariff.
The Democratic party should In
sist on a genuine revision of the
tariff. It should be made the issue
in the national election next year,
and presented In a simple, clear man
ner. The people should be made to
understand, as Henry Watterson puts
it, that protection levies tribute upon
the many to enrich the few. It in
volves a false system of political
economy and a criminal system of
business. It has deepened and dark
ened all the contrasts of life; has in
a single generation established a
scheme of caste and classes, support
ed by abnormal fortunes in the
Northeast corner of the Union. It
Is a visible and tangible fact, father
of Trustism and mother of Subsidy,
and everywhere the wet-nurse of
Graft, its illegitimate offspring. It
could not survive a National election
if simplified and put upon its merits
as a specific measure of public policy.
In 189-2. after an educational cam
paign extending over twenty years,
the Democrats swept the country un
der a distinct promise to clean It out,
root and branch. If the party had
kept its pledge to the people, we
would today be living under a rev
enue tariff, and in all likelihood
would be in power. The insufficiency
of the Cleveland administration scat
tered our advantages to the winds
and drove up from what should have
i been an impregnable position. The
Democratic House should blaze the
way for a Democratic Senate and
President next year.
The State of South Carolina; Coun
ty of Orangeburg.
By Andrew C. Dibble, Probate Judge.
Whereas, H. D. Rowe has made
suit to me to grant to him Letters
of Administration of the Estate and
effects of Minnie A. Rowe, deceased,
These are, therefore, to cite and
admpnlsh all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said Min
nie A. Rowe, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be held at Oranse
burg, S. C, on May 16th, 1911,
next after publication hereof, at 11
o'clock in the forenoon, to show
cause, if any they have, why the
said Administration should not be
Given under my hand, this second
day of May, Anno Domini, 1911.
(L. S.) Andrew C. Dibble,
, Judge of Probate.
SCHOLARSHIP and ENTRANCE
The examinations for the award of
vacant scholarships in Winthrop
College, Rock IU11, and for the admis
sion of new students, will be held
at the County Court House on Fri
day, July 7, at 9 A. M. Applicants
must be not less than 15 years of
age. When scholarships are vacant
after July 7 they will be awarded
to those making the highest average
at this examination, provided they
meet the conditions governing the
award. Applicants for scholarships
should write to President Johnson be
fore the examination for scholarship
The scholarships are worth $100
and free tuitfon. The next sessioi.
will open September 20, 1911. For
further information and catalogue
address President D. B. Johnson,
Rock Hill, S. C.
Special Tax Notice.
A petition having been filed as re
quired by law, an election is ordered
held at the North High School build
in;?, in District No. 34, on Monday,
May 15th, 1911, for the purpose of
voting on the question of an addi
tional special tax of three mills to
be used for school purposes in said
district. Said election to bo conduct
ed according to section 120S of the
J. L. Reeves,
H. S. Fickling,
W. C. Culler,
Notice of Discharge.
Notice is hereby given that I will
file my final account as Guardian of
J. A. Cope, a minor, with the Judge
j of Probate for Orangeburg County on
the nineteenth day of May, 1011, and
will on that day ask for letters of
discharge as such Guardian, the said
! minor being now of age.
4-20-4 Guardian of J. A. Cope.
The regular Spring Teachers' Ex
amination will be held at the Court
House on Friday, May 5th, begin
ning at nine o'clock.
The bulletins on which the ques
tions on agriculture will be based
j may be secured at my office free.
L. W. Livingston.
4-25-4L Co. Supt. Ed.. O. C.
He Left Politics For Love.
Ambition did not satisfy nor did
i a guilty conscience make a pleasani
[companion for solitude. But the love
of a woman could do both, so the
hero of "Coniston" began to try to be
worthy of her. Winston Churchill's
novel is a great moral lesson, whole
some and true. Formerly published
at $1.50; now fifty cents Sims'
One-half Cent a Word
Found Notices Free.
Wanted?You to purchase your fav
j orite magazine from Sims Book
Store. Call and look them over.
Ice! Ice! Ice! I have opened my Ice
House for the summer and will be
. pleased to serve my old as well as
new patrons with ice. Look out
for my wagon. J. B. Kelley.
For Rent or Sale after May 31, 1911,
house and lot, 110 feet fronting
on Russell Street, No. 213. Depth
729 feet Apply to Geo. V. Zeig
Votice?Anyone having clock repair
ing to do will oblige me by giving
me their patronage. I can now
see well enough to do repairing.
Parties can find me at city hall. A.
D. Powers. tf
Cabbage and Tomato Plants?Cab
bage to head in July and August,
10c a hundred. Winter Cabbage,
to head in Dec. and Jan., 20c a
" hundred. Tomato plants, 25c a
hundred. D. D. Dantzler, 4 9 Whit
man Street. 5-7-2*
For Sale?Eggs for hatching. Mam
moth Pekin Duck eggs. Price
$1.25 per setting of 11 eggs de
livered at your house in city or
express office, $1.00 if you send
to my residence for them. J. L.
Phillips, 85 Seilars Ave. 2-11-tf
For Sale?Very attractive 22 foot
open launch, automobile folding
canopy. One man control, deck
and interior cherry, planking ore
son Fir, with 2-cylInder 8 H. P.
Ferro engine, Reverse gear. Well
equipped, and in thorough running
order. Cheap. Apply P. O. Box
619, Charleston, S. C. 5-4-5*
"Pricilla's Engagement Kiss"
A Romance of Hearts and Microbes.
Sites Florence Lawrence as Nan.
(Lubin. A Classic Comedy.)
NOTE?A Hearty Laugh For All.
HERBERT L. GAMBATI,
It's as simple as a simple sum in
arithmetic?the reason why our bus
iness is so steadily increasing each
Carrying the right kind of \ ats,
men's furnishings, gloves and shoes
means that every client you have
makes a practice of recommending
the establishment to his friends.
This "word of rnouth" advertis
ing is that kind that brirgs your
trade and helps it. It's to this ad
vertising that we lay a whole lot of
Stop in and fee if there isn't
sortething behind it.
jRenrceker & Riggs
THE FASHION SHOP.
THE WORLDS GREATEST SEWING MACHINE
Ifyou want cither a Vibrating Shu! tie. Rotary
Shuttle or n Single Thread [Chain Stiich]
Sowing Machine write to
THE NEW HOME 8EWINQ MACHINE COMPANY
Many sewing machines are made to sell rcEardlevi ot
quality, but the New Home is made to wear.
Our guaranty never runs ouL
Sold by authorized dealers only.
FOR SALE X.Y
The comic section will be sent to
all paid in advance subscribers each
first issure of every month.
30 Cents a Day
Will buy our MARCHANT Piano
With our 29 Years Experience behind
it as a Guarantee.
The Instrument We Are Justly Proud Of.
Call or Write Us for Details.
An Inventory of our Stock recently taken Shows the
following SLIGHTLY USED and SECOND HAND
Pianos in our Warerooms. Some of these were accept
ed by us in part payment for better and higher priced
Instruments. Others were on rent for a few months.
They Are In Good Condition.
They Are Real Bargains.
You Should See Them.
1 Newman Square 6 14 Octaves, good condition $40
1 Large Square 7 Octaves, the very thing for prac
ticing on, good condition.$50
1 Arion Upright, used some time, but in good order
1 Large Mathushek,, square, 7 1-3 Octaves, in mag
nificient order. . $175.00
1 Weser Upright, almost new, used only a short
while, cost when new $300, perfect in every re
Call At Our Warerooms and Inspect
These Bargains For Yourself.
Marchant Music Co.
53 East Russell St.Orangeburg, S. C.
KING'S FURNITURE STORE
For Everything in
We arx going to offer
some goods at prices
to suit you for the
Big line of Iron Beds,
Springs and Cots.
We have the line of
Cribs that will satisfy.
Notice the make up of
Foster's IDEAL Crib
NOTICE THIS CHAIR FOR 69cts.
WE PAY FREIGHT ON IT.
Ma i Orders have the beo* ? attention. So mail us
your wants. All goods (.:r. oe returned at our ex
pense if they are not as represented and money refunded.
Baby can't get
out or stick its head through
R. C KING