Newspaper Page Text
The Denscriils is the Bouse Will Stand
Together so tie hiS.
THE WOOL SPLIT FIXED
Apparently tho Individuals Are Will
ing to Subordinate Their Personal
Preferences to the Public Policy,
and Have the Republicans Guess
ing What the Outcome Will Be.
The Washington correspondent of
The State says the House Democrats
have the Republicans guessing. Long
before this it was the fond
horpe of ths latter that a split would
occur which would send the follow
ers of Thomas Jefferson to the eter
nal bowbows, .but the spectacle of a
perfect organization among the Dem
ocrats is the thing that is worrying
the Republican leaders as they con
template tho 1912 situation. The
latest example of what organization
can r.ccompi'sh is* afforded by the
house caucu. on the wool tariff.
In this instance the members 01
the Democratic side, seemingly di
vided hopelessly, went into a meet
ing and, instead of throwing brick
bats and coming to blows, got
through a resolution on which both
the friends and the enemies of a
duty on raw wool were able to stand
and present at least a semblance of
peace and unity.
'It had been hoped by the Repub
lican that the Democrats would
split irreparably over the question
of a tariff on raw wool. The Repub
licans, therefore, are deeply disap
pointed to see that the democrats are
not going to make any bad breaks
prior to 1912, and that the result
will probably be the election of a
Democratic president and a Demo
cratic senate and another Democratic
Shrewd observers perceive, of
course, that the Democrats are in
.?eallty split over the question of tar
iff. More particularly, there is a
wide division of opinion over the
question of free raw materials. But
from the standpoint of practcal poli
tics dhe question that is facing the
Republican leaders io whether the
Democrats are going to be able to
conceal their differences in the main
until after the 1912 campaign.
Some indications are given that
the Democrats will be able to do
this. The house Democratic leaders
in particular are bending every ef
fort in this direction. That is why
they are so mad at Bryan for stirring
up the free raw wool issue.
But having for the time quieted
things as to wool, the house lead
ers hope there will be peace. As the
result of their efforts, most of the
house Democrats are fully convinc
ed that the one thing of supreme
importance now is to have the Dem
ocratic party win in 1912, and that
for this reason individuals should
, subordinate their views and promote
the party welfare. ' That Is why the
lead'jrs are able to call caucuses on
important matters and bind practi
cally the entire Democratic member
ship to a certain course of action.
Republican members of the house,
especially the insurgents, are pro
testing against the rule of caucus by
the Democrats. They insist that the
sway of the Democratic leaders in
the house today, though in different
form, is just as tyrannical as the
rule of Cannon. They say the steam
roller was never applied more ruth
lessly in the days of Cannon than
it is being applied now by the reign
ing forces in the house. They say
that through thfy medium of the
caucus the control of the house bv
a svaall coterie of leaders is made
possible, and this is just what is
But, however, much kicking there
may be among insurgent Republicans
or Democrats against the method of
rule by caucus, it looks as though
this method would continue in the
hou:-e for the present. So long as the
Democratic end of congress is con
vinced the party is going to win in
1912, differences of opinion will be
sun* to a considerable extent. Al
least this is what is happening in
the house. In the senate there
is less sign that the cry of harmony
in order to win in 1912 will con
trol senators. Already the senate
Democrats have split on reciprocity,
and if general tariff revision comes
up, they will be more badly divided.
However, if the men of the senate
follow the lead of those in the house
the olive branch will wave, and the
Democrats will go into the White)
House in 1912.
Six Injured in Storm.
At Baxley, Ga. six persons were in- j
jurud and considerable property dam
age done by a severe wind and raf-;
storm, which swept that section Mon-,
day afternoon. Mrs. H. J. Parker
was shocked by a bolt of lightning.
The others injured were young men
who were caught in a garage which
was demolished by the storm.
Tragedy in Machine Shops.
George, the fifteen-year-old son of
Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Williams, living
a*. Thunderbolt, a resort near Sa
vannah, met a tragic death Tuesd;.'
morning in a machine shop near his
home. One of the large pullev KUs
broke and struck the lad over the
heart, killing him instantly.
BILL WILL BE HANDED TO NEW.
BERRY GRLitb JURY.
Governor Blease and dub Evans on
Felder's Latest Letter About Them
and Their Acts.
The Columbia correspondent of
The News and Courier says it is
learned that at Newberry Monday
Thomas B. Felder, the Atlanta at
torney, will be forma'ily indicted. It
is understood that the indictment
will be in accord with the warrant
recently sworn out against Col. Fel
der, chrnging him with offering a
bribe and conspiracy to defraud the
The following witnesses, it is also
learned, have been summoned to ap
pear at Court: Governor Cole L.
Blease, H. H. Evans of Newberry;
John Bell Towill of Batesburg, and
L. W. Boykin of Cam den.
The information at hand is that
the bill of indictment will be placed
before the grand jury upon the con
vening of Court at Newberry Mon
In regard to the open letter of
Col. T. B. Felder, published in the
Atlanta Constitution several days
ago, charging in effect that Governor
Blease, when a State Senator, repre
sented certain liquor houses, and
otherwise reflecting on South Caro
lina's Chief Executive in connection
with the old State dispensary, Gov
ernor Blease bad the following to
"I do not care to aay anything as
to such stuff emanating from a man
that I have made a requisition for to
answer to corrupt practices in at
tempting to bribe the former State
official of this State. I shall not be
diverted from my purpose to bring
him to justice. The public will soon
learn how foolish, malicious and foul
have been and are the charges made
against me by such persons and their
friends, and will sea how they will
be confounded in their own filth. Let
them go on. The commission will
continue their work of investigation,
and I will do my beet to have Felder
answer for the violation of our law
and his friends heie will find that
there is a day of reckoning."
Referring to Col. Welder's recently
issued open letters, "Hub" H. Ev
ans, of Newberry, who was in Colum
bia Monday, entered a sweeping de
nial to all altegatlo: s made by Fel
der concerning himself (Evans) in
connection with old State dlspnsary
affairs and signifies his readiness to
meet all charges made, even to the
extent of giving "them personal sat
isfaction" at any time and place they
or either of them may desire.
LET US HAVE IT ALL.
Felder May Furnish Some Sensa
A special dispatch to the Green
wood Journal says there seems to
be no misgiving among the mem
bers of the dispensary commission as
to their ability to bring Col. T. B.
Felder to the town of Newberry on
the charge of conspiracy to defraud
the State. It is said that in case
that Governor Brown should refuse
to grant requisition papers that the
dispensary commission will wait un
til Governor Ho.ke Smith takes office
as it is understood that he will grant
requisition lor Felder.
The old dispensary commission re
main in Columbia and they hold fre
quent conferences behind closed
doors but will no', talk to report
ers nbr will Attorney General Lyon
discuss his trip to the north recently,
fntimations around the capital arej
that something may drop soon.
It is believed thai: Felder will come
back good and strong: with some evi
dence showing that he did not write
the letters which were produced by
H. H. Evans, of Newberry, although
experts, it is said, declare that the
writing is that of T. B. Felder. At
any rate a sensaticial step will be
taken and it is ..believed as stated
above, that Felder will bring another
man into the case.
DOES SOME GOOD.
The Torrid Weather Kills the Cot
ton Boll Weevil.
A dispatch from Tallalah, La.. Is
to the effect that the torrid weather
of the past week has .been effective
in putting a big per cent of the
dreaded cotton boll weevils out of
The tests conducted by ;he Delta
Boll Weevil Labratory, under the
direction of G. D. Smith of the Unit
ed States Bureau of entomology, in
dicates that the bug has sustained its
most serious setback since its inva-|
sion of that territory.
Of the weevils placed in hibernat-i
ing cages last fall half of one per cent;
only have emerged asrainst 1 1-2,
,,er cent last season, showing that
the per cent surviving Is considera-'
Thrown From Buggy.
Rev. R. A. Yongue, jxastor of the
Chester circuit, was painfully hurt
on Sunday while returning from
church by being thrown from the'
buggy. His buggy was filled and he
was standing on the back, when his
horse took fright, and Mr. Yongue
was pitched off. He was knocked un
conscious and otherwise badly bruis
ed, but fortunately no limos were
THE PAPER TRUST
GRIEVANCES OP PUBLISHERS BE
ING POINTED OUT.
Netv York Publisher and General
Manager Stone Makes Earnest Ap
peals for Canadian Agreement.
Public hearings on the Canadian
reciprocity bill were concluded by
the Senate finance* committee Mon
day, representatives of the American
Newspaper Publishers Association
and of the Associated Press being
the last to appear before the com
Secretary of State Knox, at the re
qiujst of Senator Bailey, has been
asked to explain to the committee
whether the Root amendment to the
paper section of the bill, providing
that it shall not be in force until
the President is satisfied and has
issued a proclamation to the effect
that paper and wood pulp are being
admitted free into all the provinces
of Canada, is in full accord with
the agreement, as understood by the
commissioners from both countries
who prepared the treaty. On Wed
nesday the committee will take up
the bill in executive session to dis
cuss committee action.
Both Herman redder, until recent
ly president of tr - American News-1
paper Pubishers' Association and
Mefrille E. Stone, general manager of
the Associated Press, testified Mon
day, In answer to queries from vari
ous Senators, that in their opinion
no effort had been made by the
newspapers of the country to present
only one side of the reciprocity argu
ment to color their reports on the
question or to suppress any facts
which were of news value. Bruce
Haldeman, president of the publish
ers' association, and Frank B. Noyes,
president of the Associated Press,
The chief interest which the
newspapers of the country have in
the matter, Mr. Rldder told the com
mittee, is their desire to free them
selves from the paper manufacturers'
trust which now, he added, has the
publishers at its mercy. The read
ers of the country would benefit by
cheaper paper, as well as the publish
ers, he declared, because the money
saved on paper would ,be used to fur
nish a larger and better news service.
Mr. Rldder acknowledged that the
publishers' association had sept out
bulletins and telegrams urging the
passage of the reciprocity measure,
"But I would not have favored the
measure," he said, "if I had not
thought it would be of benefit to the
country as a whole, Independent of
my interest In it as a newspaper
When Mr. Ridder attacked the pa
per trust, which he said limited the
output, fixed the price and told a
pubisher where he must buy his pa
per, both Senators McCumber and
Bailey, opponents of the bill declared
that if there was such a trust they
wanted to see t prosecuted by the
government. Mr. Ridder insisted, in
answer to numerous questions, that
any amendment to the bill would, In
his opinion, endanger and probably
kill the measure and that, therefore,
he was in favor of seeing the bill
passed exactly as it came from the
Mr. Stone testified that no instruc
tions had .been sent out to Associated
Press correspondents as to Canadian
reciprocity, except that they had been
told to Bend any important matter
connected with it because of the gen
eral interest of the subject. He
was questioned in detail as to the
Asaociated Press service by a number
of Senators. All reports, he said,
were supposed to be absolutely fair to
both sides; to be a recital of facts
on their news value only.
THE LORIMER CASE.
The Probers to Look Into the Matter
Have Been Selected.
Senators Dillingham, Gamble, Ken
yon and Jones, Republicans, and
Fletcher, Johnston, Kern and Lea,
Democrats, will constitute the sub
committee that will conduct the new
investigation into the bribery charg
es against Senator Lorimer. They
were named for this duty Monday by
the committee on privileges and elec
tions and are all ready to begin ser
vice with all the authority of a full
committee as soon as the Senate ap-i
Of the ei?ht members, Messrs. Dn-j
lingham and Gamble, Republicans.;
and Fletcher and Johnston, Demo-j
crats, voted for Lorimer in the prev
ious investigation. Mr. Jones, Re-j
publican, voted against him. Messrs.1
Kenyon, Republican, and Kern and]
Lea. Democrats, were not then mem-!
bers of the Senate. They are said
to be against Mr. Lorimer.
Ohio Mob After Negroes.
Fear of a mob demonstration I
against the two negroes accused of!
implication in the murder of 0. F. |
Bowers about i. week ago. led offi
cers to remove the prisoners from
Wellsville to the county jail at Lis-j
bon, Ohio Monday. A crowd was!
gathering when the negroes were,
Four at a Birth.
At Calgary, Alta.. Mrs. M. Kewal-j
osky, aged 21. igave birth to four'
children, all of whom are alive and
well. The woman previously gave
birth to triplets and twins.
URG, S. C, THURSDAY, JUN.
Former President Roosevelt Favors
Taft For Repnb'icao Nominee.
MAY AID IN CAMPAIGN
At Cardinal Gibbons' Celebration in
Baltimore the Two Presidents Met
?Roosevelt Will Not Consider
Taking the Nomination Himself
for President in 1012.
President Taft, in his candidacy
for the' presidential nomination in
1912, will receive the unqualified en
dorsement of former President Roose
velt, which will be uttered just as
certainly as it was in the last cam
paign. This is the best political
news -Mr. Taft has received in many
months, and it comes to him in a
manner that leaves no doubt as to
The information that Mr. Roose
velt, under no circumstances, will al
low his name to be presented to a
national convention was received sev
eral days ago, but it did not become
known until Tuesday night. That
Col Roosevelt feels that the Taft
administration should be continued
was brought out as a result of the
meeting between the two at the Car
dinal Gibbons jubilee at Baltimore.
Whether the former president will
enter the campaign, as an active
worker, will |be watched with inter
It is not expected to prove pleas
ing to. Republicans, -who have made
no secret of their desire to bring
Col. Roosevelt forward as a formida
ble rival for the 1912 nomination.
Many of these Republicans, no doubt,
will refuse to abandon hope until Col.
Roosevelt himself, in a quoted state
ment, announces his position and
thus breakB the silence concerning
the administration, which he has
maintained since landing in New
York on his return from Africa.
The information that Mr. Roose
velt would be fouod allied with the
president rather than against him,
was brought directly to Mr. Taft
from (Mr. Roosevelt by a mutual
friend high in official life, who was
connected with both the Roosevelt
and Tnft administrations in a capa
city that enabled him to igain and re
tain the confidences in fact, the warm
personal friendship of both men.
The meeting at Baltimore between
the two was only incidental to the
Cardinal Gibbons jubilee, but it
awakened the political interest of
men high in public life. They met
first in the reception room in the
5th regiment armory, where the Jub
ilee celebration was held. They talk
ed together and shook hands
with old friends, they chat
ted, laughed and behaved
just as they used to do when Mr.
Roosevelt was in the V/hite House
and Mr. Taft was secretary of war.
They carried the spirit, of friendli
ness up to the platform and, sitting
side by side, they conversed in under
tones through much of the afternoon
Mr. Roosevelt reached Baltimore
before the president, and was wait
ing for him at the armory.
"Hello, Mr. President,'' said he in
the high pitched voice that Washlng
tonians know well. "I'm glad to
see you. I want to Inquire about
"Hello, Theodore," replied the
president. "How are you'"
Shortly after, Mr. Roosevelt was
taken aside by the president. The
two men were together about ten
minutes, beyond ear range of any
other'person. Afterwards it was said
they "talked about Mrs. Taft's
The president invited "the colonel
to come to Washington on June 19
to be his guest in the White House
at his silver wedding anniversary.
Mr. Roosevelt said he would try to'
manage it. As he had to return Im-!
mediately to New York, he was not;
the president's gue3t Tuesday niight. j
The president arrived in Washing-j
ton at 7 o'clock. After he had
shaken hands with the cardinal, the
president put out his hand to the
colonel. "Goodbye, Teddy," said he.
Then he leaned forward and said;
something. They both laughed and
the meeting was over.
PRAYER BOOK BURNED
. -?- I
Lightning Strikes Church Stunning
At Fort Wayne. Ind., during a!
severe electrical storm Sunday light-J
ning struck the Trinity Church and;
stunned many of the worshiper. A
prayer book held by Mrs. W. \\.
Shryock was .burned from her hand,
i\hich was blackened by the bolt. The
church was filled with light from the
flash and when it had passed the
organ which was operated by elec
tricity, and on which the organist
was playing at the time, was silenced
and all electric lights were out. j
There was a momentary panic which
was quickly subdued by the presence!
of mind of the rector and organist. |
Three Lost in Storm.
Three lives were lost as the re-j
suit of au electrical storm that swept
through Michigan Monday night
Wires are down in many directions.
The wind reached a velocity of 60
miles per hour.
E 8, 1911.
THUG ATTACKS GIRL
WHILE SHE WAS VISITING HER
SISTER IN GEORGIA.
A Young Woman is Attacked by an
Unknown Man "Who Deluged the
Girl in Chloroform.
A special dispatch from Albany,
Ga,, to the Atlanta Constitution,
says Miss Irene Crockett stepped sud
denly out onto the back porch of her
sister's home, expecting to encounter
that sir-ier, whom Miss Crockett sus
pected of an attempt to play a prac
tical joke, she met instead a man
who deluged her face, neck and
clothing with chloroform. From the
effects of the fumes of the enesthetic i
and the natural fright, Miss Crockett
became unconscious a moment after
she returned to the hall and scream
ed for help.
Miss Crockett's home is In Car
rollton, and she is visiting her sis
ter, Mrs. Q. W. Wallace, in Albany.
Mrs. Wallace left the house for a
moment to got a bill changed at a
neighbor's. Miss Crockett remaining
in the house. Hearing a noise .on
the hack porch, the young lady de
cided that her sister was trying to
frighten her, just for a joke. So
sure was she that Mrs. Wallace was
on the back porch that Miss Crock
ett did not hesitate to throw open
the door suddenly and run out, de
termined to take her sister by sur
But Instead of Mrs. Wallace, the
young woman encountered a man,
who jumped from behind a refrig
erator and pulled something from
his pocket. Before Miss Crockett
had time to even guess what he was
about, the man dashed a quantity
of some liquid stuff in her face. More
of the liquid followed, deluging the
astonished young woman's neck and
waist. The pungent odor almost
prostrated her, but she had the pres
ence of mind to run into the hall
and scream for help.
A moment later, when Mrs. Frank
Wallace entered through the front
door, she found Miss Crockett prone
on the floor and in an unconscious
condlton. The house was filled with
the fumes of chloroform, and an ex
amination showed that Miss Crock
ett's hair and light waist were sat
urated with it.
An officer was called in and a dilli
gent search was made for the num,
but ho could not be found. 'Miss
C'',ckett Is still suffering from the
effects of her thrilling experience,
but no permanent ill effects are look
AN UNINVITED GUEST
Man Awakes to Find Snake Coiled
About his Arm.
During the wind and rain storm
Monday night after midnight, E. D.
Arnet, an official of the Bibb Brick
Company, living at 221 Clayton St.,
Vlnevllle, Ga.,awoke and was sur
prised and startled to feel something
tightly wound around his arm.
Jumping out of the bed he turned
on the electric light and saw a green
moccasin, more than three feet long,
head uplifted and fangs protruding,
looking him In the face He grabbed
his coat, and using it as a shield and
a glove managed to unwind the snake
which he flung away from him.
The snake landed in the middle
of the bed. promptly coiled and show
ed no signs of departing. Mr. Arnett
immediately forsook his apartments,
and despite the mosquitoes, spent the
remainder of the night sleeping on
the dining table downstairs. A hick
ory tree grows beside Mr. Arnett's
bed room window, and it is supposed
that the snake was driven from iti
into the room by the storm.
SHOT WHILE ASLEEP.
Spartnnburg Negro Killed by Three
While asleep in his little home,
near Whitney Mills, at Spartanburg,
at a very late hour Monday night,
George Drummond, a negro, was
shot and instantly killed by three un
known negroes, who entered his
home. On account of the excessive
heat, Drummond and his wife were
asleep with the doors and windows
open. His wife heard some one say
"hello" and she immediately ran to
the rear of the house. She heard
the shot and when she returned her
husband's head had been almost shot
off. The assassins made good their
escape, leaving no clue whatever.
An Inquest was held, the verdict
of the cororner's jury being that
Drummond came to his death by
gunshot wounds in the hands of un
known parties. Coroner John S.
Turner is of the opinion that the,
negroes who did the shooting were
insanely drunk. They have not been
Information was received Tuesday
of the horrible and violent death of
Mr. Grady Lane, son of Mr. Henry
Lane, of Early Branch, Hampton
county, a bright young man. who
had not yet reached his majority. It
seems that he had just returned to
his work at the Cummings mills at
Flehtig from breakfast, was caught
by the belting or shafting, and dash
ed to h;s death. Further particulars
TAKES HIS BRIDE
WITH HIM ON HONEYMOON TRIP
TO THE CHINA SEA.
Baby Girl Rescued, Attacked by Pir
ates and Their Beheading, Drive
Monotony of Trip Away.
Romance, adventure and heroism
were just a few of the li'itle inci
dents that caused so much good fel
lowship between Capt. Frank Downs
and his crew on the four-masted steel
bark Juteopolis which reached New
York 'Monday after a trip to Hong
kong and back.
When the bark was in Baltimore
a little more than a year ago the
skipper met Nelly Carter, and, after
a three weeks' courtship, Nelly chang
ed her name, and as 'Mrs. Downs
went aboard the Juteopolis and made
the voyage around the horn for a
The bark spent 153 days in.mak
ing Hongkong and then went to Can
ton. While in Canton River the
mate, Harold J. Symonds, started
for a swim. The mate says that the
Chinese longshoremen do not like
baby girls. He did not know thh
when he saw a twelve-months-old girl
tumble off a sampan. Her parents
watched her sink.
The sailor swam with her back to
the sampan, but the Chinese poked
him away with bamboo poles and
forced him to take the baby back
to his own ship, where the skipper's
wife took care of her.
Pirates that infest the Canton Riv
er learned that the crew of the Jut
eopolis had been feiven shore leave.
Unluckily for the pirates and for
tunately for the bark Capt. Downs
kept his men ashore that night.
A little before midnight the Chin
ese pirates attacked the bark, but
the warm reception accorded then,
from half a dozen lengths of steam
hose sent them scampering away.
Some of them were captured later
and the mandarin sent an Invitation
to Capt. Downs to witness their exe
cution, which was done in the old
fashioned way by a headsman, who
clipped off head after head until
there were no pirates left. Then
the Juteopolis hoisted sail and start
ed for home.
SHOT BY NEGRO.
Seeking to Arrest Him is Shot En
tering the House.
Sim J. Miller, deputy sheriff of
Lexington count)', brought to Colum
bia Wednesday the story of the kill
ing of Pink Bouknight, a prominent
flarmer of Lexington county, near
Leapharts, by Will Collins, a negro-,
early Wednesday morning.
It seems that the barn and stock
of Joel Fulmer were burned about
two weeks agp and the bloodhounds
traced some one as far as the rail
road bridge of the Columbia, New
berry & Laurens roaci. in the direc
tion of the house of Will Collins, but
could not follow the trail any furth
er. Though definite facts could not
be obtained by Mr. Miller regarding
the killing, it is understood that a
posse of about 25 or more men went
to the house of Collins, who lived on
the place of H. J. Younginer, early
Wednesday morning and told him to
"come out" Collins refused to
"come out" and he was then told if
he didn't come out they would shoot
up the house.
When Collins still didn't come out,
it is claimed that the window was
prized open and when Mr. Bouk
night started through was shot by
Collins, the weapon used being a
Mr. .Miller stated that the ne?ro
was at large, but he had a clue which
might result in an arrest. He work
ed on the case during the entire day.
Pink Bouknight, the dead man,
was a prominent f irmer of Lexington
county. Me was about 3S years of
age. Immediately after the shoot
ing he was carried to Mr. Fulmer's
house, and then was started to his \
home, about three or four miles!
away, but died before reaching
After the shooting Collins ran, and
several shots were fired at him, but
it is not thought they took effect.
OUTLAWS PUT TO DEATH
Stand no Chance After Being Cap
tu red by Mexicans.
Twenty-eight followers of "Mag
oon's Mexican liberals" who were op
posed to Madero, were summarily ex
ecuted on Saturday and Sunday in;
the Altar district, near Compania and
Altar, according to refugees. The dis
tricts have been cleared of the fol
lowers of Magoon, who were classed
by the provisional government as
bandits. The L'S executed were cap
tured after a skirmish, in which
there were a number of cisualities
on both sides. It is said that the
Madero troops have been ordered to
put to death all captured outlaws.
His Last fianie.
At Carson City, Nev. Patrick Cas
ey, an old time ball player, who is
under sentence of death for murder,
committed in Goldfield Monday acted
as an umpire in what will be his last
game at the state penitentiary. For
some :ime two convict ball teams
have been practicing within hearing
of Casey's cell. Casey appealed to
the warden for the privilege of see
ing and umpiring one more game.
He was allowed to do so.
TWO CENTS PER COPY.
The War K-ais ?f the Gigantic Corpcra
lion Laid Ban [by Gary
ONE OF TEDDY'S PETS
Wliile President, Roosevelt Person
ally Licensed it to Absorb the Ten
nessee Coal and Iron Company iin
Open Violation of the Laws of
the United States.
Elbert H. Gary, Chairman of the
Board of Directors of the United
States Steel Corporation, told the
House investigating committee re
cently that the Bureau of Corpora
tions had .been investigating the
Steel Trust for five or six years.
Judge Gary said further that it had
cost the trust hundreds of thousands
of dollars to comply with the on
reaua requests for information and
statistics, and that "the bureau must
have a household of facts."
None of these facts has ever been
made public by the Government. The
Bureau of Corporations was one of
Mr. Roosevelt's pet hobbies. As he
said in his first message to Congress
Dec. 2, 1901:
"The first essential in determin
ing how to deal with the great in
dustrial combinations is knowledge
of the facts?pubcity in the interest
of the public; the Government should
have the right to examine the work
ings of the great corporations en
gaged in interstate business."
The same thought was expressed
in a speech made by Mr. Roosevelt
in Boston August 25, 1902:
"The first thing we want is pub
licity; and I do not mean publicity
E-s a favor by some corporations?I
mean it as a right from all corpora
tions affected by law." >
Again at Wheeling, Sept. 6, 1902,
Mr. Roosevelt said:
"The first thing to do would be
to find out facts. For that purpose
1 am absolutely clear that we need
Congress yielded to Mr. Roose
velt's entreaties and gave hira- a Bu
reau of Corporations, which, was or
ganized Feb. 26th, 1903. The act
creating the bureau upon the Com
missioner of Corporation!??power
and authority to make, under the
direction and control of the Secre
tary of Commerce and Labor, diligent
investigations into the organization
and management of the business of
any corporation, joint-stock company
or corporate combination engaged in
commerce among the several States
and with foreign nations, excepting
common carriers subject to "An act
to regulate commerce," approved on
Feb. 4. 1 887.
The United States Steel Corpor
ation is the greatest of all trusts
that control manufacture. As Judge
Gary said in his testimony the other
day, "the Steel Corporation does ab
solutely no operating. It manufac
tures nothing. It gets its income
from the dividends declared by the
subsidiary companies.'' Its control
of these subsidiary companies is ab
solute, as Judge Gary's testimony
"The subsidiary companies have
their own directors and officers and
have the riight to act independently;
but as the Steel Corporation owns
the securities, if the conduct of a sub
sidiary company was antagonistic in
any way it would ony be a question
of time when the administration of
that subsidiary company would be
"You mean the parent company
would control the policies of anysub
"It might not for the moment,
or the month, but when the time to
elect officers arrived it would."
Yet Vafter five c|- 'six; yearfs of
"dilligent investigation" of the af
fairs of this gigantic trust the Bu
reau of Corporations has been unable
to furnish any "publicity in the in
terest of the public," says the New
One Pesidential campaign has been
fought?and financed?since the bu
reaureau began its investigation of
steel. The tariff has been revised and
preparations are under way for the
orations are under way for another
Presidential campaign, but the facts
collected by the Bureau of Corpora
tions under two Republican Adminis
trations have yet to see the light of
During the last five or six years
the heavy hand of the United States
Government has been laid upon Ha
riman. upon Beef, upon Turpentine,
upon Sugar, upon Standard Oil, upon
Tobacco; but no administrative fin
ger has disturbed the serenity of the
Great God Steel.
It has remained immune, and Mr.
Roosevelt as President of the United
States personally licensed the absorp
tion of the Tennessee Coal and Iron
Company by the United States Steel
Corporation in further recognition
"of the great influence of the Mor
gan interests which have been so
friendly to us," thus giving it an
ultimate monopoly of the high-grade
iron ore of the country.
Is the United States Government
another of the Steel Trust's subsid
_4, j j \
Took Poison by Mistake.
Rev. II. R. Schramm, a Baptist
minister of Wylam, is dead as a re
sult of mistaking carbolic acid fofl
paregoric. ; im ui_\JL