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Gorer>j2222ei2Z Building. Ai
His Excellency the Governor of
Guam had just sat down to break
fast in the stucco villa, which by con
trast with the other buildings in Aga
na, merited its designation of "pal-"
?ace." Breakfast, although consist
ing of an unvaryin!? bill of fare, pre
sented at preceisely the same hour
everyday, was an event in the trance
like life of Guam, where nothing ever
happened between the semi-annual
visits of the supply-ship from Manil
la, and the occasional call of a cop
ra dealer from Japan.
His Excellency was about to ad
dress himself, with somewhat lan
guid apputite, to a juicy bilimbini,
whe)n ihis secretary, deputy, aide,
chief of police, generalissimo, ad
miral?all in one?entered excitedly
to announce the approach of a ves
The ofKcial force of the Island be
took itself to the veranda aim
brought :'ta two gray heads togeth
er in aliernate peeps through an
The vessel approaching rapidly
was a wi r ship, flying the stars and
stripes. That much was clear. I
"What might be its errand was be
When within about three miles of
shore, the cruiser stopped and pres
ently from the side spat forth a bll-1
lowly mas of thick white smoke.
The following report reminded the
Governor of his responsibilities, a
salute! They must prepare to re
turn it immediately. Shouting di
" ; ^'^'^'' ' 1^
- M/ir^ ^ lovrr, ?? 7rr ^ ^
rections to some members of the mil
itary force who stood nearby, the Sec
retary hurried down to the beach
where, upon the remnant of a ruined
fort stood the only piece of ordnance
tho Island boasted. He glanced into
the muzzle of the venerable carro
nade?a relic of prouder days?and
hastened back to his chief.
A pair of wild pigeons had nested
in the cannon and even now were
tending a brood of fluffy little ones
Here was a dilemma. To turn out
the birds was clearly out of the queb
tion. On the other hand, the salute
of a friendly nation demanded
prompt answer. While the Governor
pondered, with pucker 4 brow, the
gun of the ward ship boomed acrosb
the waters for the third time. The
next report found the Governor erect J
and decided. He had it He would
sink etiquette and abate the dignity J
due to the representative of His'Most j
Catholic Majesty, the King of Spain.
He would row out and nay his re
spects to the com.m&r.de.' of the
While a party of natives hailed out
the old -pinnace, His Excellency put
on his faded uniform, with its tar
nished gold lace. He W&a soon in the
boat and before long?tor the Cham
orro Is a lusty oarsmau?the cruis
er's side was reached.
The American commander met the
Governor with respectful courtesy
and listened, not without puzzlement
to his apology for falling to return
?the salute. With as much tact and
gentleness as he could employ the
American explained that there had
I been no salute, that his guns were
I lired in menace, that as an incident
' hi the war between the United States
and Spain he had come to demand
the surrender of Guam.
The poor governor was speechless
with amazement, War?he had heard
no whisper of it. As to surrender?
he thought of the sixteen men who
composed his garrison, and of the
one piece of artillery?with the pig
eons in it. The blood of the Castile
urged him to strike a blow for the
honor of his country, but common
sense proclaimed that resistance
would be madness.
So Guam fell into our hands, and
the treaty of Paris confirmed us in
the possession of it. We stipulated
for its retention because we recog
nized its stragetic value. Spain had
never made any use of the Island ex
cept to transport convicts there from
the Phillipines. But that was stop
ped after an enterprising gang of
criminals -practically took possession
of Guam and held full sway until a
war vessel came from Manilla and
took them back.
Under the United States the Island
'I l? JJJls u
li.as been made a link in the Pacific
cable system and a naval station is
being slowly established there. The
Island is one of a chain of bases
stretching across the Pacific, and I
formed by Hawaii, Midway Island.'
Guam and the Phillipines. Under
certain circumstances Guam might
play an important part in war. It
considerably strengthens our defense
against possible Japanese aggression,
provided we have ample warning of
the attack. ;
Today, Japan could take Guam as
easily as we did and would have Ut
ile mor? difficulty in seizing -the
Phillipines The Island can not be!
made formidably defensive. Its
strength and utility are inseparable
from the co-operation of a fleet. On
the other hand, to our vessels ma
noeuvering in the Pacific, Guam
would be of the greatest value
in breaking the long journey from
Hawaii, or Samoa, to Manila. . The
distance from Honolulu to Guam is j
3,3OS miles and thence to Manila;
1,506. It is even less to Yokohama.
From Panama to Guam the distance
is 7,846. Guam is only a small dot
in the ocean, barely 150 square'
miles in extent, 30 miles in length,
and from 3 to 10 miles in breadth.
Small as it is, hardly more than
two per cent of the Island's area has
been placed under civilization and
habitation is limited to a few patch- I
J cs along the const. There are some- '
what fewer than 10,000 inhabitants,
distributed among about a dozen
centres, of which but one boasts a
population in excess of 500. This'
one is Agana, where more than half!
, of the 'people of the Island live. |
I Agana has been the capital since
time immemorial. When Magellanes J
j reached Guam, on his memonable
I voyage around the world, the seat
j of the Cacique of Guam was at
Agana and it always has been the
residence of Spanish Governors The
United States marines and the offi
cials connected with the naval sta
tion are quartered at Samuye, about
8 miles to the south of the capital.
Aagana has not a single point of
interest. It is a commonplace col
lection of one-story houses, with
thatched roofs and whitewashed mud
walls. A little shallow stream runs
through it. Until late years, this
was the common place for washing
clothing and the depositing of refuse.
Tt was also the chief source of the
supply of drinking water and, na
turally, a powerful agency for the
spread cf diseases. Thes^ conditions
have been greatly Improved under
American control of the Island.
The people of Agana are, perhaps,
a slight degree less poor than the re
mainder of the . inhabitants,' hut
practically -all of them live from
hand to mouth, and, when one of
the periodical hurricanes sweeps
the Island, they are reduced to cne
vet.^e of starvation. Tneir main oe-.
pendence is ?-n the crops which : hey
raise on little plantations, a few
from the town, where they take up
their abode in the harvest season.
Rice, maize, tomatoes, and garden
truck are cultivated most extensively
and a little tobacco of a passable
quality is grown. The greatest area
is devoted to cocoanuts, which are
indigenous to the soil and require
little care. The cocoa tree furnishes
the native with the greatest variety
of necessities. From it he derives
meat, drink, wine vinegar, me
lasses, lard, shoes, clothing: in
shades his other crops; it fattens his
chickens and hogs; it yields the
thatch, the woodwork and the crude
furniture of his house; from its sap
he takes the yeast for his bread; its
fibre he fashions into cord and mat
But the most important product
procured from the tree is copra,
which is the dried meat of the co
coanut The tree is more prolific in
Guam than in any other part of the.
world, with the exception of the I
Caroline Islands. The crudest meth
ods are practised by the Guamese in
preparing copra. The cocoanuts
ripen all the year round and each |
morning the rancher and his sons j
make the rounds of the grove, pick- j
ing up the cocos which have fallen
during the night. These are piled
up beside the ranch hut until a suf
ficient quantity to work upon has
been accumulated. In the process
of extraction, one man, w'Crr- his
machete splits a nut open and hands
the pieces to another who is seated
astride a low wooden horse with a
I chisel-shaped piece of iron fitted to
the end of it. This man with a dex
terous turn of a half nut on the
chisel separates the meat from the
husk. Women take the pieces of
meat as fast as they fall and spread
them out on mats made of heavy
(grass. These are laid in the sun
that the meat may he dried. The
naked children run constantly
around the mat driving away the
pigs and the chickens. Such members
of the family as are not engaged in
i?e work described stand by ready to
carry the meat under shelter at the
first sign of rain, for a very slight
wetting will spoil, it.
After five or six days of exposure
to the sun the copra is sufficiently
cured, it is then placed in i?;Tass
sacks and carried to Agana where it
is sold, or bartered for merchandise.
The copra collectors break the meat
into the small pieces, for the sake of
securing greater compactness, and
pack it into sacks, each containing
130 pounds. It is ultimately sold
to the Japanese trading schooners
that make regular trips for the crop.
To return to the Guamese: it is
probable that their condition will in
the course of no great time,' be
materially improved if they have
the capacity to rise to their oppor
tunity. The naval station will create
a demand for a large number of la
borers in mechanical work of a more
or less skilled nature. The author
ities realize that tuey would have
difficulty in inducing! Americans to
accept employment. Furthermore, a
sudden damand for an extra upply
of labor, such as would arif? under
easily conceivable clrcu- stances,
could only be met by a local re
sponse. These considerations, and
a desire to benefit the idlaaders.
have determined the authorities to
make an effort to Qualify the Guam
ese to fill as many as possible of the
positions in connection with the na
val station. They are to be given
opportunity for manual training and
instruction in mechanics., in connec
tion with the common school educa
tion which is now available to them.
What :i Bant Account Does
at The People's Bank
It helps your credit.
It stimulates your courage.
It guards you against extrava
It givss you confidence in your
It helps you hold up while you
are out of work.
It furnishes the l>est receipt for
all money you pay out
It creates business habits that
will increase your savings.
It protects against loss by rob
bery and personal injury by rob
It enables 3 ou to pass over per
ods of sickness without embarrass
It m?tkes you able to run your
business, instead of your business
It teaches economy, which is the
first round in the ladder to success
and prosperity. Your business wel
The People's Bank
ELLOREE, S. C.
Under and by virtue of a resolu
tion of the Board of Directors of the
Rowesville Cotton Oil Company, a
meeting of its stockholders will be
held at its office, Rowesville, S. C, on
the 19th day of June, 1911, at 11
o'clock a. m., for the purpose of go
ing into liquidation, dissolving and
winding up the affairs of said cor
poration, and also for the purpose of
determining upon the sale and con
veyance of all the property, rights
and plant, of the said Rowesville Cot
ton Oil Company.
E. N. Chisolm, President
Rowesville Cotton Oil Co.
The regular monthly meeting of
the Orangebur? County Farmers' Un
ion will be held on Tuesday, June
13th. at 11 o'clock at the court
house. There are several important
matters to come up at this meeting,
the report of the committee on "Fer
tilier Laws" being the most Im
We hope that there will be a large
attendance of the union members as
well as delegates.
W. W. Culler, J. H. Claffy,
Get the J. M. batteries at L. E.
Riley's and you get the best.
THE FALL OF SAMARIA
It Kings 17:1-18~-Juno 18
"Be that being often repmcd hardeneth his
neck shall suddenly be destroyed, and that
without remedy.'?ProterCiti tO:l.
ROSHKA. Klus of Israel, th*
central personageoT this stud?
Is paid the rather doubtfUi
compliment of being less eri'
in tbe Lord s sight th:*n some of bK
pnKleci'ssors Gradun'iy tbe Assyri:iii
kingdom had extended Its control to
Israel, and Oosbea maintained bi>
hrune by paying tribute.
This continued for several years nn
til the KIuk of IsraH ibought hlmsell
sulticieiitly In league wlttj tlie Es.rp
tlaus on the south to refuse furthei
tribute money. In
laid siege to the
capital city. Sa
maria. It seems
deed, to learn
that tbe city with
stood the siege
for three years.
The end came in
the ninth year of
Hoshea. and sig
nified the end of
the ten-tribe kingdom, the people being
transported by their captors several
hundred miles to another portion of
the Assyrian empire.
The overthrow of Israel, recounted
In this study, we are directly told, was
a judgment from the Lord. "There
fore tbe Lord was very angry with
Israel and removed them out of Hi>
sight; there were none left but the
tribe of Judah only."
Sin tends to nntlor.nl destruction In
a very natural way?by sapping the
vitals of tbe people o.' the nation. But
in Israel's case there was something
more than this. God entered inro a
special Covenant with that nation by
which He bound Himself and they
Israel agreed to be God's people, to
serve and obey Him faithfully; and
God agreed that. If they would do so.
He would specially favor them and
look out for their interests, their
flocks, their herds, their heajth, their
prosperity; all were to be blessed so
long as they were loyal and true. On
the contrary, God specially pledged
Himself that If they as a people prov
ed unfaithful to the Covenant, He
would specially chastise them, punish
them, deliver them to their enemies,
etc. Thus Israel's prosperity or defeat
Indicated surely the Lord's favor or
disfavor, in a manatr not applicable
Catapult (or throicing
to orner nations.
Destroyed Without Remedy
Our text, taken from Proverbs, tells
what will be the final outcome of any
conflict between God and the sinner.
Whoever shall be remanded to the Sec
ond Death, there will be no hope for
The philosophy of this is plain:
Adiimic death, which comes to all men
as a result of Adam's sin and his con
demnation as a sinner, is to be entire
ly wiped out. and Adam and all of his j
race are to be fully released from it '
Those of us who, as the Spirit-begot
ten Chun-h. enjoy this favor in the
present time, must not expect any
further favor along this line in the fu
ture,'for Christ dletb no more; and
only one share in His redemptive work
is provided for every member of the
When in the future all the world <
are brought to a knowledge of the
Truth, the grace of God will th<?u be
to them "a savor of life unto life. 01
of death unto deatb." as It is now to
Israel's Promisee* Hcstitut-on
The Israelites era Hern! the pi-nnlf
for their failure ss n nation, the
bur i:->t wlthotr
the RlMi' tells
us th?l In the
end of tins Agi
ns soon ns the
eleetlou i.* lb!
C li u r c h Rliall
hare been coin
plctcd and tho
rd. God's favor
will return to Is
rael. the twelve tribes, and their re
gathering will be the first blessing to
humanity under Messiah's glorious
St. Paul brings this matter to our
attention very explicitly in his letter
to the Romans. (1125-32.1 The logic
of his argument should be carefully
noted. Including the fact that Natural
Israel will receive itercy at the hands
of Spiritual Israel?In the Klnpdom.
The nation of Isrnel transgressed
Divine commands, and was therefore
worthy of punishment?but this did
not signify that the nation would be
come alienated from the Divine mercy
which God had already Intended and
promised through Abraham.
Neither Israel, in the days of Ho
shea nor at any other time, nor any
other nation, knew anything about
the life and Immortality which God
purposed to proffer to mankind
through the Redeemer in due rime.
As the Apostle again says. "This great
salvation bepan to be spoken by our
Lord and wns confirmed unto us by
them that heard Him."-Heb. 2:3.
Ge^ your gasoline from Riley's. He
handles the Gulf Rezning and you
will have no troube. i
CLEMSON AGRICUL1 UR
Enrollment Over 700?Value of
Property Over a Million and a
Quartei"?Ninety Teachers and Of
Seven full four years courses, in
Agriculture, Engineering, eu.
Cost per session of nine months,
including all fees, board, heat, light,
laundry and necessary uniforms?
Students who are financially able,
pay $40.00 tuition additional.
SCHOLARSHIP AND EN
The College maintains 124 agri
cultural Scholarships, and 43 Textile
Scholarships, <worth each $100.00 and
^Students who have attended
Clemson College or any other College
or University, are not eligible for the
scholarships unless there are no oth
er eligible applicants.)
Scholarship and entrance examina
tions will be held at the. County
Seats July 14th, 9 a m.
Next Session Opens
SEPT. 13, 1911.
Write at ONCE to W. M. Riggs,
President Clemson College, S. C, for
catalogue, scholarship blanks etc.;
If you delay, you may be crowded
Notice of Final Dlcasharge.
Notice is hereby givi?n that I will
file my final account as guardian of
Glayds U. Millican, a minor, with
the Judge of Probate for Orange
bury County, on the first day of
I July, A. D., 1911, and will, on that
day, ask for letters of discharge as
such guardian, the said minor be
ing now of age.
M. E. Zeigler,
Guardian of Gladys U. Millican.
Datc-d: May 30, 1911.
Dead Man Comes Rack.
Official records showed that Dan
Richardson died August 15, 1909, at
Waukegan, 111., and an administra
tor was appointed by Probate Judgo
Cutting. Recently Richardson daz
ed the court at Chicago by walking
in and demanding his estate?$1,
142. A dead man was identified as
Richardson by his sister, it turned
out. Richardson was officially de
clared alive and got his estate back.
Wreck of Four Trains.
One of the most disastrous freight
wrecks in the history of the New
Haven railroad occurred near Fair
field, Conn.. Wednesday, when four
freight trains piled into oach other,
killing five men, injuring at least
seven, two fatally and leaving two
Southern Railway Announces Special
Low Fares to Points.
Meridian, Miss.?Account Sunday
School Congress of the National Bap
tist Convention, colored. Tickets on
sale June 5ch and 6th, final limit
June 14th, 1911.
Philadelphia, Pa.?Account North
ern Baptist Convention and Baptist
World Alliance Congress. Tickets
on sale June 9, 10th, 12th, ISth.
Extension of final limit may be had
by depositing tickets and payments
of fee of $1.00, until Sept. "list.
Asheville, N. C.?Account South
ern Students Conference, Y. W. C.'
A. Tickets on sale June 8th and
9th, final limit June 28th, 1911.
Black Mountain ,N. C.?Account
Southern Students Conference, Y. Of.
C. A. Tickets on sale June 15th and
16th, final limit June 28th, 1911.
Charlottsvllle, Va.?Account Uni
versity of Virginia Summer School.
Tickets on sale June 17th, 19th.
23rd, 24th, 26th, and July 3rd and
10th limited fifteen days, unless ex
tended at Charlottesville, until Sep
tember 30, 1911.
Knoxville. Tenn.?Account Sum*
mer School of the South. Tickets on
sale June ISth, 19th, 20th, 24th,
2f>th, July 1st, 8th, 9th and 15th,
1911. limited fifteen clays unless ex
tended at Knoxville until September
For information as to rates, etc.,
apply to ticket agents or address:
.T. L. Meek, Asst. Genl. Passenger
Agent, Atlanta, Ca., or W. E. Mc
Gee, Division Passenger Agent, Char
leston, S. C.
Office of Secretary City Board of
Hoalth, City of Orangcburg, s. C.
May 27, 1911.
Notice is hereby given that bids
will bo received by the under
signed up to 2 o'clock p. m., June
10, 1911, for the privy deposits of
the city for the year beginning Jun^
15, 1911, and ending June 14th.
1912. The bids must state the loca
tion of the dumping ground and its
distance from the corporate limits
of the city.
The successful bidder will he re
quired to execute a note approved by
the board of health with Interest at S
per centum per annum payable .run^
15, 1912, for the amount of the
bid or must agree to pay In monthly
instalments. The oity carts will de
liver the deposits
The right to reject any and ail
bids is reserved.
By order of the Board of Ileaitb.
L. H. Wannamaker, Secretary.
Engraved visiting cards are near
est and best. Let Sims Book Store
take your order.
John Wanamaker, whose
life has been insured for a
million and a half, once said:
From the day an honest
man pays the first premium
for life insurance, that first
receipt of his gives a new
impulse, a new light to his
eye tand a new hope to his
The late Grover Cleve
Get a policy and then
hold on to it. It means
self-respect; it means that
nobody will have to put
something in a hat for you
or your dependent ones.
Dr. Lyman Abbott said:
One could easily bear to
take his wife and children
down with him into poverty
so long as he could be with
them to help carry the loaa
but to go off to his eternal
rest and leave them to go
down into poverty and to
fight the wolf from the
door, what more terrible
The Rev. T. De Witt
It is a mean thing to go
up to heaven while your
family go to the poorhouse.
When they are out at the
elbows the thought of your
splendid robe in Heaven
will not keep them warm.
The minister may presch a
splendid sermon over your
remains, and the quartette may
organ loft, but your death will
EN TME WORLO'c
sing like four anj
be a swindle.
;els alighted in the
ZEIGLER & DIBBLE
Orangeburg, S. C.
We Are Always on Top
when it comes to selling a firstclass
carriage at a second-class price. The
price you can judge by comparison.
The carriage you will hiave our guar
antee for. And that guarantee stands
for something. We are not a thous
and miles away. We are right here
on the spot ready and more than
willing to make it good.
L. E. RILEY