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! PUBLISHED TRI-WEEKLy
KEEP THEM OUT
Insect landers fast This Coan?y Mil
lions htrj Setsw.
SO BARRIER IS PUT l)P
Wheat, Cotton and Other Pests, Say
the Experts, Come from Abroad
-?Argentine Ant, Mexican Boll
Weevil, Hessiar. Ply and Gypsy
Sloth Some of ICvils.
Are we in danger of a foreign in
vasion? No; the invaders are upon us
and doing much more damage than
an army would dj. One foreign in
vader from Hesse Cassel costs the
farmers in the wl-.eat "belt from $50,
?00,000 to $100,000,000 annually.
A tough-backed invader from Mex
ico is crossing the cotton belt, eating
?$25,000,000 worth of fibre between
early July and late frost,
Another invac'iBr whose original
home is stated by various experts to
have been in Asia or in Mexico is
costng the United States government
and a dozen states $1,300,000 to
?check his annual ravages among the
Still another alien enemy has re
cently been slaying the woodland
shades and roadside trees and doing
Incalculable damage to the forest
areas of the nation. His ravages have
never been estimated.
Officials of the Department of Agri
culture say that fifty per cent of the
damage done by pests and parasites
among the orchards and crops of the
United States is caused by foreign
winged plagues that have been al
lowed to gain a foothold in the couu
Every other civilized nation guards
against the introduction of stinging
?flying, creeping things that devour
the strength of vegetation. The Unit
ed States does not. There are no
?statutes making such action manda
tory, and if there were there is no
machinery to put in action against
these pests. European governments
watch every entry port carefully.
The orchardists of Europe watch
every shipment of nursery stock that
Is sent from the United States. Their
shipments to this country arrive and
are unpacked -md bugs and flying
things that-3-rt -death to vegetation
flutter out and make for themselves
new homes in ?. new land. In a few
years the depar:ment experts are hur
Tying to the despairing calls of the
c-rchardists wh> are making a losing
lght against seme new and extraor
dinary kind of pest that is withering
One of the winged plagues poison
ed hundreds of people in New Eng
land last sumn er and fall. One man
died of the effects of what was known
as the "browntail rash,'' so called be
cause it was caused by the presence of
millions of "brown tail moths,*
hrought over from Europe years ago
hy some careless shipper. Whole
townships turned out to fight them
The gypsy moth is another tree de
vastator that is slowly being spread
all over the United States. Both these
moths came originally from Europe.
They are but two of our foreign in
vaders. Five hundred tons of lead
arsenate were UBed In New England
last year In the stubborn fight made
against these two.
The San Jose scale of infamous
memory was a terrible invader. A
tree lover near San Jose, Cal., found
certain parasites on his orchards.
These spread to the trees of his
neighbors. In a few years the San
Jose scale was all over the United
States. It ia dying out now. An
indefatlgalble professor traced it here
and there over the world and finally
located its original home somewhere
He brought home with him a sack
ful of its hereditary enemies, a sort
of Chinese lady bug As soon as they
got acclimated they started in to in
crease and w^ax fat off the tremend
ous number of their old victims, the
scale Still there are enough San
Jose scale remaining in the United
States to cost the farmer and fruit
grower about $10,000,000 yearly.
An evil-looking bug came across
the Rio Gr?nde near BrowDsville,
Tex., in 1SS2. Nothing haB ever
checked him since that time. He
crossed Texas, Arkansas and Okla
homa, jumped the Mississippi in 190S
and some day soon will have reached
the Atlantic unless checked. He has
cost the cotton planters nearly $125,
000,000 since he Invaded Texas, and
for the last three years he has been
gobbling up the cotton bales to the
tune of $2 3,000,000 yearly. Alto
gether he has eaten up millions of
bales. The boll weevil has forty-five
parasitic enemies, but ttiey are too
weak for him.
In the East the entomologists hope
to kill off the gypsy moths during the
present season by introducing "moth
cholera" among their invading
swarms. It: is known as the "wilt"
and the Infected moths die of it by
tens of thojsands. Their bodies be
come putrid and semi-liquid. An
other enemy, especially Importeu
from their old homes in Europe, will
be turned loose among their breed
ing areas soon. A particularly sav
age beetle that manages to keep
them from becoming a pest in South
ern Europe is the imported enemy
Argentina ants are among the la-J
test of-the invading pe?ts that are
securing a foothold In the West and I
MEET DEATH IN AIR
TRIPLE TRAGEDY OCCURRS AT
Fifty Aeroplanists Took AVing on Vin
cennes Field for Flight to London
and Three Are Killed.
Fifty'aeroplanists took ^- ear
ly Sunday from the aviati/ *
.Vincennes, France, on the ^
of tt European circuit r?ce^ v.. ^
calls for a flight to London and re
turn, with stops at various piaces,
going and returning.
Three of the aviators soon after
the start were killed and at least
one was gravely hurt. The dead:
Capt. Princetau, whose motor ex
ploded in mid-air, flooding him with
I gasoline and burning Mm to death.
. M Lemartln, who dashed against
a tree, the motor of his aeroplane
crushing hie head.
Lendron was killed near Chateau
Thierry. Benzine in the reaervoir
exploded and the aviator was burned
to death and the machine consumed.
?M. Gaubert, a former lievi'enant
in the army, who was entering, in the
civilian race under the name "Dal
ger.'> He was found lying senseless
near his machine in a wheat; field
four miles from Villars Ootereis. His
injuries are seious.
?M. IBille's aeroplane struck the
earth within a mile of the start and
was wrecked. Bille was injured, out
not seriously. ?
Three other aviators fell?M. Lor
c!:an, near Charleville; Oscar Morri
son, close to Gagny, land M. Moria at
Ohevon, within 22 miles of Liege,
which is the end of the first stage of
the race. "None of these men were
Of the 5ft aviators who started the
race, 38 we're civilians and 12 offi
cers, assigned for military duty.
Hung up for the competitors are
prizes amounting to $9.4,000.
In a Box Car Killing Four Negroes
Four negroes met death in ? series
of peculiar accidents at Atlanta,
Thursday. Sam Whitlock w&s killed
when he accidentally struck six
sticks of dynamite in an old railroad
work car which he - -tvcs /-nwooplng
out. The dynamite had been left
there many months, it was stated.
Washington Kendricks was engaged
I in a scuffle with another negro nam
ed Quit Wooley on the eighth floor
of the new Third National bank
building, fell, or was pusher, into the1
elevator shaft and was dead wheni
found at the .bottom. Wooloy was ar- j
rested. Joe Arnold and his brother,
Will, negro farmers, were drowned I
while engaged in cleaning out a small
?lake near Lakewood. Neither could
Grasshoppers Hurt Cotton.
According to a prominent cotton
platfter who has returned to New
Orleans Thursday after a two weeict,
trip through various parts of the cot-!
ton belt, grasshoppers in large quan
tities are beginning to attack the cot
eon crop in sections of Louisiana and
Mississippi. So far, the pests have
become noticeable only in certain lo
calities, but it is feared, the planter
says, if the hot dry weather contin
ues much longer they will become a
great danger to the crop. *
Very Strange Case.
Andrew C. Fears, a well known
merchant of Athens, Ga., is desper
ately ill at his home frcm a mobi
unusual origin. Monday afternoon
he had a tooth pulled, and the
bleeding from the dentai operation
could not ,be stopped for hours. Mr.
Fears lost a gallon of blood from tnt
tooth. Later, hemorrhages from the
kidneys set in, and it is feared that
his condition is very serious. *
.Several persons are reported to
have been killed and a number in
jured by an explosion in the Mary
?mine at Blair, Nev., on Friday. Jo
seph Besto is known to have perish
ed. Comunication with the mine is
South Shipments from the South
I American Republic brought them in
j to the United States Another of
the Invading plagues is the alfalfa
weevil No one seems to know yet
just where it came from.
The orchardists and farmers have
been fighting for years for a strong
federal enactment that will help to
I keep out the insect pests of other
lands. So far it has failed to pass.
Just about this time In the year
the first despairing walls of the
wheat grower are heard. The native
cinch bug and the imported Hes
sian fly are tossing up for his crop.
Of the two evils, the imported one
Is the worst. The cinch bug may be
the bigger, but he cannot create the
havoc that follows in the trail of
the Hessian fly.
The invader is a legacy of on?
war with George III. Illinois, Iova
and Indiana know of his power. On
his off seasons he manages to de
stroy 50.000,000 bushole of wheat.
He robs the world >f a million tons
of flour, or enough to make 2,000.
000,000 loaves of bread; enough
.bread to feed every mas, woman and
child in the United States for over
la week. ?
The Great Co
MADE A CLEAN SWEEP.
Bank Officials Steal AU the Cash
There Was in Sight.
A dispatch from Raleigh, N. C.,
says State Bank Examiner T. K.
Doughon arrived there from Tarboro
to spend Sunday. He says it will
take a week yet to make the thor
ough examination of the bank of
Tar.boro necessary to. ascertain the
?exert shortage of Cashier Hart, who
suicided, and Assistant Cashier Hus
sey, who is held in $15,000 bond for
defalcations. He says the shortage
will be $.100,000 and very probably
$125,000. While the shortages have
been accumulating gradually for sev
en years, much the iarger part of it
has occurred within the past, six or
ten months. It seems to Examiner
Doughton that the cashiers found
themselves so deeply involved that
they could not straighten their books
further -and just set in deliberately to
loot the bank. *
-Baby Drowns in Tub.
At Graham, N. C, the lS-mnnths
old child of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest
Bason fell into a tub of water and
was drowned. The mother had gone
out to draw a bucket of water and
the balby fell into the tub of about
seven inches of water and was drown
ed before it was noticed. It was an
ordinary lard tub, which easily al
lowed the infant to overbalance and
Tech. Student Succumbs.
Robert L. Bowen, of Jewell, Ga.,
a student at the Georgia School af
Technology, died at Atlanta Wednes
day morning from Injuries received
when he was thrown from an auto
mobile. The accident was caused
by the bursting of a tire. Young
Bowen was accompanied by three
other students all of whom were
more or less injured. *
Revolutionary Records Returned.
Three cnarred volumes of the rev
olutionary records of South Caroli
na which escaped the ospitol fire at
Albany, N. Y., were received recent
ly by the South Carolina historical
commlsion. The records were return
ed under a special act of the New
York legislature. *
After Many Yo.irs.
A large open face gold watch of
the build known in the old days as a
"turnip." lost flftv years ago by
Frank Strome, has been curiously re
covered. An aligatcr was killed in
Double Bayou, Texas, and the time
piece was found in its stomach. *
Four Lives Are Lost.
At New Orleans, La., Mrs. B. C.
Tacer, her two boys and Annie Cour
sey, aged ten, drowned trying to save
Pearl Cour? y, aged eight, from a
similar fate. Pearl caught hold of a
stump after they were all in the
water and saved herself. *
BURG, S. C, TUESDAY, JUNI
mmoner Who h
M JENNINGS E
CONVICT DYNAMITES GUARD.
Convicts Make Near-Escape Near
An unsuccessful attempt was made
Friday afternoon ,by a member 01
the chain-gang force, a negro named
Stinson, to kill guard Williams, by
exploding some dynamite near , the
officer. Mr. Williams was knocked
down and rendered unconscious for
a short while.
On recovering consciousness he
observed that the convicts were ruu
ning away. Quickly regaining his
feet, and seizing his gun, he ordered
the fleeing men to halt, which they
did, none escaping.
Stinson had been entrusted wiih
dynamite to blow up stumps in the
road. The attempt v/\h made it Gas
te.! branch, west of town where the
gang Is now work. *
Boy Bandit Surrounded.
After a series of running battles
with officers of three counties near
Vallejo, CS1., on Friday, Frank Mel
ville believed to be the .boy bandit
who has held up a dozen saloons in
California towns recently, Is sur
rounded in a swamp on Carquinez
Straits. It Is thought .Melville's am
muition is almost exhausted, and it
is believed that his capture is certain.
Drowned at Georgetown.
Willie Tarbox, a lad of about 16
years, was drowned at Georgetown
F|-id'|v afternoon .about 6 o'clock
in the Sampit river, while in bath
ing with several of his playmates.
He was the son of J. P. Tarbox, a
misionary to Brazil who had just
left on the train about two hours be
fore the drowning of his son took
place, and was recalled by telegram.
Quite an Old Horse.
E. T. Bigelow, of Fairfield, Me.,
Is the owner of a horse 4~1 years old
believed to be the oldest horse in
the State. She is driven every day,
and can go to Waterville, a distance
of eight miles, in a little more than
?a. hour. Her teeth would Indicate
her to be not more than 13 years oui
and she is fat and plump. ?
Neijro Kills Negro.
As the result of an altercation
Tudson Worley hurled Washington
Kendrlcks, another negro, down the
shaft of an elevator in the new Third
National Bank Building In Atlanta
bst week. Woriey lifted the other
nesrro bodily over the shaft and let
him fall the negro being mashed al
most to a pulp.
Burn the Town.
French Creek, W. Va., a farming
community of 200 souls, was almost
destroyed ,by fire. Many families are
encamped In barns and making a
temporary home with more fortunate
neighbors. The fire was started by
burglars that blew the safe in the
? 20, 1911.
NEEDS SOME HEMP.
White Brute Charged With Assault
ing a Young Woman.
A dlspaWh from Monticello, Ga.,
says a posse is scouring the county
of Jasper for Lawrence Crawford, a
?prominent young white man, who 'ac
cording to the story of bhe victim
Thursday night while the family was
absent, tied Miss Lizzie Halle to a
bed In her own home, assaulted her
and fled, leaving the girl trussed up
until her parents returned several
Excitement is at fever heat and it
is generally conceded that if Craw
ford is caught lynch law will go Inv.
quick and immediate effect.
(Crawford was a friend of the fam
ily and called while the girl's parents
were at a lodge meeting. She says
he drugged her and she remembers
nothing until regaining consciousness
Friday morning. She had been in
precarious health and fears are en
tertained for her recovery. *
Collins Can't Be Found.
Will Collins, the negro who killed
J. P. Bouknight, in Lexington coun
ty, can't be found. The officers who
have been on the hunt for him ever
since the tragedy, declare that Col
lins is still alive and that he will
soon be captured. Others, however,
assert that the negro was killed soon
after he shot the white man, ana
that his body was thrown into the
Vitriol Tlirown in Face.
Mrs. Emma MarchoUz, seeing Mrs.
Brunislaw Dujck pass ng her home
in Chirago enticed her in the house
on Thursday and pouied a bottle of
vitriol on her face. One eye was de
stroyed and the woman suffered
from burns that may prove fatal. In
defense the woman said that the
other had broken up ier home. Mrs.
Arrested after Fil teen Years.
? On information furolsboi them
by C. H. Herrod, a negro preacheT
of Lumpkin, the polic-3 of New Or
leans Friday arrested Lawreuce Bit
tie, alias Robert Laci-y, a negro said I
to be wanted in RIi hlan.i. Oa., for]
the killing of the chief of police of)
that place 15 years ago.
8eed 1,000 "Jems Old.
After lying in the tomb of an
Egyptian mummy for pro-ba,bly more
than 1,000 years, ten grains of wheat
sent to a Grecley, California, farmer
and planted have germinated. From
it eight stalks of ,vheat superior to
any growing in tha'. locality. *
Japanese Forest Fires.
The destructive forest fire in Hok
kaido province, Ji.pan, briekly re
ported by cable, 'May 20, raged thir
teen days and burned an immense
area, causing timber loss estimated
at $5,000,000, according to advices
received by the Tr.coma Maru.
SHE TOOK THEM IN
PAKE FORTUNE TELLER REAPS
Magic Talismans Sold to Number of
Superstitious find Credulous Peo
ple for Large Sums.
Mrs; Jennie Hunter, aliaB Madame
Hunter, who wau arrestel in Balti
more recently on a warrant from Ra
leigh, charging ner with obtaining
money under false pretenses, work
ed a number of superstitious and
credulous people there for consid
erable sums of money as a fortune
Mrs, Annie O. Eatman, a well
known dressmaker, lost $8 (TO through
the representations of the wily for
tune teller that she could unravel
and work out the happiest solution of
some family trourblee that were dis
turbing Mrs. Eatman.. Just what
they were has not yet been divulged
except to the authorities in confi
The next largest amount claimea
to have been obtained was from a
well-to-do negro woman. Madame
Hunter read her palm and told her
she would soon break out with terri
ble sores unless some counteracting
spell was worked for her; that she
had been conjured to have these sores
develop. For $200 she gave her a
talisman that would ward off the af
fliction. It was a small wooden box
The victim was told that if she
opened the box she would die. Chief
Police Stell opened it when the wo
man brought it to him, and found
that it contained some blackish pow
ders. Some of this, he says, he rub
bed between his fingers, and much to
his alarm, the fingers began to ltcu.
But he is convinced now that the
itching was maginary and that the
powder was really perfectly harmless
Another victim brought a talis
man in a red flannel sack. It con
tained two pieces of worthless ore
rock. It had cost her the small sum
of $2 and was presented by Madame
Hunter to possess allpowerful charm
for her wellfare.
(Madame Hunter came to Raleigh
early In the year; openel a tent-house
In a cavant lot two doors from the
State house of Fayettevllle street.
Here she did a flourishing business
as a palmist until late in April, when
she disappeared over-night. A. notable
thing 'is that she re/use'd to take Mrs.
Eatman's check for her pay, but re
quired her to get her own checks
cashed and bring the money.
Evans Case Dropped.
At^-Newberry Monday morning a
nol'^ross was entered in the caee
against H. H. Evans, a former dis
pensary director, charged with ac
cepting a rebate. Solicitor Cooper
read a letter from Attorney General
Lyon, saying that owing to the death
of G. H. Charles, material evidence
was lost which he had not been able
Eats 54 Eggs.
(Breaking- eggs as fast as they
could be handed tb him and cata
pulting the contents into his mouth
at the rate of one in three Beconds,
Nick Volz,- a butcher, of San Fran
cisco, Friday night swallowed fifty1
four eggs in 186 seconds, thereby
refuting the positive statement of a
well known physician that it couid
not be done. Volz got the eggs and
Bates Must Hang.
(Motion for a stay of the death sen
tence imposed on J. B. Bates, the
former Spartanburg policeman, who
killed his mistress after she had
married another man, was refused
by the Supreme court. Bates Is to
be hanged in August and with the re
fusal to stay his sentence his last
hope for interference from the su
preme court disappears.
Killed at Saw Mill.
Ed Culbreath, who lives in Landrum,
but who runs a saw mill several
miles from that place met his death
Friday. It Is not known exactly how
the dog which held the log struck
the saw which sent it with great
force, hitting Mt. Culbreath in the
forehead;, crushing the skull atad
causing death In a few hours.
As a result of a fire in the cell they
occupied in the Penitentiary In Phil
adelphia, James Dougherty died on
Friday from inhaling flames and
James Crowley is not expected to
live. Certain prisoners are allowed
to smoke, and it is believed that the
bed clothing became ignited from a
Die From Acid Gas.
Two farmers, Silas and Warren
Hicks, were asphyxiated at the bot
tom of a 75 foot well near London,
Ont. Both were de?d when dis
covered. It was evident from the
position of the bodies that Warren
was overcome first, and that his
brother lost his life In an attempt
to save him. *
Woman Shamelessly Killed.
Because Mrs. Carmelia DeGruccia,
Hged 20, refused to elope with him,
John O'Mega walked into a restau
rant where Bhe was employed and
pushed the infant she held away
from her breast and shot her through
the heart on Friday in New York.
TWO CENTS PER COPY.
FREE AT LAST
A Womaa a Prisoner For Three Years
in a Private Sanitarium.
SAID SHE WAS INSANE
The Case is One of Much Interest
to the People of Asheville, Where
the Hospital is Located. The Doe
tor Ordered by Court to Release
On the strength of the report of
the board of examining physicians,
composed of Dr. D. E. Sevier, Dr. L.
B. McBrayer and Dr. G. W. Purefoy,
appointed by Judge Carter to inquire
into the sanity of Mrs. Alice Muck
low, who alleged that she was being
detained by Dr. Robert S. Carroll at
bis sanitarium at Asheville, N. C.,
against her will and that she was be
ing illegally deprived of her liberty.
Judge Carter Saturday signed a
judgment decreeing in effect that
Mrs. Mucklow was sane; that she
was illegally restrained of her lib
erty and directed the said Dr. Rob
ert S. Carroll release her.
The order also provides that Dr.
Carroll shall pay all costs in the pro
ceeding, including $30 each to the
examining physician and $49.95 to
Miss Amy Em'anuel for stenographic
work. This judgment in effect in
forms the world that Mrs. Muck
low, who spent three and one half
years in the Carroll sanitarium is
a sane person and that she was ille
gally detained. The case reads like
fiction, but every word of it is true.
Many other sane persons, no doubt,
are locked up in private sanitariums.
The case of (Mrs. Mucklow is in
teresting. She is an accomplished
lady, a daughter of a late English of
ficer, educated in Germany, aid at
the death of her father left an es
tate of 3,000 pounds, or $15,000,
the revenue from which amounted to
approximately $'80 per month. Three
and one-half years ago she was plac
ed in the Carroll sanitarium. There
she remained until two or three
weeks ago, when on a writ of habeas
corpus sued out tefore Judge Carter
I at the Instance of Judge Adams, of
police court, she was produced in
I court, the writ having directed again
Dr.,Carrp.U to produce his patient. _ .
I At that time it wa/3 contended
for Dr. Carroll that the lady w?s n
sane and should not be at liberty.
Affidavits were filed with the Court
and Judge Carter, pursuing a wise
course, decided that a board of three
physicians should inquire into Mrs.
Mucklow's menta? conditionfl Dr. Sev
ier W'3S named one of the physiclons,
while counsel for Dr. Carroll was
privileged to name a second, and the
counsel for Mrs. Mucklow a third
physician. The board as finally con
stituted was composed-of Drs. Sevier,
McBrayer, and Purefoy.
In the meantime, however, Judge
Carter directed that Mrs. Mucklow
be given into the custody of the sher
iff of. the County. This was done
and since that time she has been with
friends In the city. It was claimed
by Mrs. Mucklow that she could not
endue longer the treatment accord
ed her at the Carroll sanitarium. She
declared that she had been made a
"subjet'' for demonstration purposes,
and that the humiliation was more
than she could endure.
She wrote a letter to Judge Adams
of the Police Court, imploring him
to render her assistance In an effort
to free herself from the sanitarium.
She also wrote another letter to an
Asheville lady. These letters suc
ceded in reaching the persons to
whom thy were addressed and Judge
Adams took the matter up and on the
affidavit of Police Captain Jordan
that on information and belief Mrs.
iMuchlew was illegally re strained
of her liberty by Dr. Carroll, a writ
of habeas corpus was issued.
Just what further steps if any will
now be taken In this mater :s not
made known. It has been rumored
'however, that ,ljn the event Mris.
Mucklow was found to be a person
of sound mind the matter would not
be allowed to drop, that an effort
might be made to have Dr. Carroll's
license revoked and also that a suit
for damages might be instituted
These reports, however, could not
be confirmed Saturday, the coun
sel for Mrs. Mucklow declining to
discuss the case sayng that they had
not yet decided upon their future
Faces Digamy Charge.
A dispatch from Laurens says Ed
Hutto, a white man was hrought
back from Union several days ago by
Deputy W. H. Worthy and lodged in
the county jail on the charge of big
amy. The warrant was sworn out
by the alleged wife number two, who
was a Miss Armenta Wix and who
works in the Laurens mill. Hutto Is
said to have .a wife now living in
Augusta, who has agreed to come
here to testify against him. ?
Bomb Explodes in Condnic.
On Friday for the third time in a
month an explosion occurred In a
cable conduit of the Commonwealth
Edi3on Company, under the subwiy
of a rallro-d track in Chicago. The
police believe the explosion was a
bomb set off by labor agitators. Of
ficials of the Edison Company, how
ever say that they have had no recent
trouble with their employees