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title: 'The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, July 27, 1911, Image 1',
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WILL HELP SOME
What Ike Rfciprociij Agrer^^
for die Consumers. ?%'
WILL C3EAPEN GOODS
Some of the Benefits that the Reci
procity Agreement with Cfrmada
Wilt Confer on the Great Mass of
Consumers in the Cities and
i Towns and Country.
In presenting the prospective ben
/ eflts of the reciprocal trade agree
ment between the United States and
Canada, it is necessary to consider
that under the present tariff law
many of Che duties have been whol
ly prohibitive. The present amount
- of importation or the present Income
to. the United States through the me
dium of the custom house is, ex
cept in a few instances, no index to
the future trade in any particular ar
ticle or commodity. v
The restrictions of the past re
moved, certain articles, to-day only
nominally -upon the list of imports
from the United States into Canada
and* from Canada into the United
States, must, in the Immediate fu
ture became important articles of
. trade in one direction or the other
and in some instances in both direc
tions." The following are among the
important changes in the present
trade conditions with 'Canada, which
the agreement ratified by the bill
passed will put into effect at once.
The question, then, is What will rec
iprocity accomplish? It will
1. Admit to the United States free
of duty articles to,the value of $39,
811,560 under which the Payne-Ald
rich tariff law there is now a duty.
In return Canada by a remission of
her duties, will admit free, products
of the United States to the value of
$21,957,605!, according to the sta
tistics for last year obtainable for
purposes of calculation..
2. Place upon the free Iis*, wheat,
rye, oats, barley, buckwheat,' dried
peas and beans, and corn 'upon which
the United States at present imposes
a varying schedule of duties
ranging - from ten cents per bushel
for rye to 45 cents per bu3hel for
dried beans. All this -benefit to thej
consumer being accomplished at a
-revenue cost to the-United. States of
less than $300,000.
3. Place upon the free list cattle,
I horses, mules, sheep and swine at
present dutiable at rates approxlj
mately 25 per cent., but at a revenue
cost to the United States of less than
4. Place upon the free list vegeta
bles of alK sorts, including potatoes,
cabbages, onions, sweet potatoes and
yams, now taxed at from 25 cents to
40 cents per bushel, and all other
fresh vegetables not enumerated at
25 percent advalorem, and at a cost
to the United States of $380,000, I
5. Relieve from the tariff of 1-4
cent per pound the annual importa
tion of 31,841,153 pounds of fresh
water fish", and from the tariff of
from 3-4 to 1 cent per pound of 13,
341,921 pounds of mackerel, ells,
smelts, halibut, and herring; . 17,
085,091 pounds of cod, hadosk, hak?>
and other dried, smoked and salt
fish, and 10,000,000 pounds of salted
and smoked mackerel a:ad herring,
at a revenue cost to thei United
States of $380,000.
6. Remove the existing tariff on
pulp wood and print paper, thereby
admitting to the United States free
160,217,569 pounds of pulp wood
now dutible, and 86,766,027 pounds
of print paper, according to the im
portations of 1910, at a revenue cost
to the government of $300,000, and
75,446,109 pounds of chemically pre
pared unbleached and 19,345,312
pounds of bleached pulp wood at a
revenue of $175,000.
7. Place lumber upon the free list
thereby relieving the American con
sumer of the tariff of $1.25 per 1,000
feet upon the 975,975,000 feet of
sawed lumber imported last year at
a revenue sacrifice of $1,219,970
8. Reduce the present tariff on
fres> meats from 11-2 per pound to
1 1-4 cents per pound for the return
concession on the part of Canada of
a reduction of 3 cents a pound to
1 1-4 cents. Reduce the tariff on ba
con and hams from 4 cents per
pound to 1 1-4 cents per pound, on
all other dried and smoked meats
from 25 per cent, advalorem to 1 1-4
cent per pound, in return for a re
duction on the part of Canada from
2 cents per pound to the iame fig-(
ure. These changes in t le meat
tariff to be effected at a revenue
loss to the United States of less than
9. Reduce the duty on canned veg
etables from 40 per cent advalorem
to 1 1-4 cents per pound, at a reve
nue loss of $6,000.
10. Reduce the tariff on flour
from 25 per cent advalorem to 50
cents per barrel of 196 pounds, at a
revenue loss of $18,000.
11. Reduce the tariff on maple
sugar and maple syrup from 4 cents
per pound to 1 cent per pound, at
a revenue loss of $72,000.
12. Reduce the tariff on lathes
from 20 cents per 1,000 to 10 cents
per 1.000, and upon shingles from
50 cents per 1,000, to 30 cents per
1.000, at a revenue loss for the two
items of $200,000.
;13. Articles to the value of $47,
333.158 are affected by the new re
ciprocal agreement. Upon these ar
ticles the total tariff levied at present
ASIATIC CHOLERA IS KNOCKING
AT OUR VERY DOOR.
So. Facts About This Awful Plague
that Will Be of Interest Just at
the Present Time.
Six deaths In New York and one.
in Boston of victims of Asiatic chol
era give warning, r-hat the United
States is seriously menaced by the
?plague which Is so serious in Italy
that the authorities of that country
will cot permit any information as
to actual conditions there to be sent
out to other countries, says the Wash
ington correspondent of the Charlotte
It does not follow that the plague
is likely to become epidemic in this
country, for proper precautionary
measures will preclude that. How
ever, the plague is at our doors, and
public health authorities, both Fed
eral and State, realIz-5 that they have
a serious problem to handle. That
they have the situation well In hand,
1ft generally recognized, but It is also
recognized that conditions might de
velop such that the United States
would have a genuine cholera scare.
Fortunately the Federal health of
ficers have been preparing for this
emergency for more than a year.
Cholera is a world disease and moves
In cycles. For eight years the pres
ent pandemic has been spreading over
Asia and Europe and it was expected
to reach the United States this year.
A year ago the United States public
health and marine hospital service
issued a bulletin on "Cholera: Its
Nature, Detection and Preventation,"
which gave warning to the coming of
the plague and told State and munici
pal health authorities how to deal
with the problem when it reached
This Is by no means the first time
the United States his been threat
ened with this plague. For centu
ries there have been epidemics of
cholera In India, but It was not until
early in the last century that it as
sumed pandemic proportions and
swept over the world Since 1817
there have been six great pandemics
of cholera, -as-follows: 1817-1823;
1826-1837; 1S46-18I?:; 1864-187.5;
The first pandemic spread slowly,
involving India, Java, Borneo, Maur
itius, the Phllllpines. China. Persia,
Mesopotamia, Arabia, Syrlr and_ Egy
,pt. The second had a wider spread.
Europe became infected from Persia
and Turkey and it was^ carried; to
England, Canada, thu. United States,
Cuba and South America. Since then
each pandemic has covered practlcal
lf the entire world.
The flftn pandemic was perhaps
the most .serious. It is estimated
that in two years, 1892-94, over
800,000 people died of the ch?lera in
Russia, and a terrific outbreak in
Hamburg in 1892 cost the lives of
8,600 persons. In 1893 the disease
reached the port of New Yor.k in the
person of immigrants from Europe
and a few cases occurred in Jersey
The present pandemic began in
1902 and snread through farther In
dia and China to the Philllpines. In
1903 it spread as usual by way of
Afghanistan, Persia and Arabia to
Egypt. Syria, Palestine, Asia Minor
and the Black Sea. In 1904 it fol
lowed the caravan routes from Cen
tral Asia and the following year
spread over Russia and Poland and
appeared in Prussia.
No great spread o? the disease has
occurred in the German empire, be
cause of the constant vigilance exer
cised by the German sanitary author
ities, although the continued persist
once of the disease in Russia has fdr
nished Germany new infections al
most yearly. The presence and spread
of cholera in Italy, a country from
which this country receives more
immigrants than Irom any other
country, makes the menace of chol
era to the United States more direct
and threatening than at any time
TRIED TO END HIS DAYS.
Barmvell Man Wanted to Cut His
Llerry Snelling, a son of the late
Capt. Jerry Snelling, of Snelling, and
a brother of John K. Snelling, judge
of probate for Barn well county, at
tempted to commit suicide at his
home at Snellings Monday morning
by cutting his throat-with a knife.
He succeeded in making several cuts
in his throat, none of them sufficient
ly deep, however, to cause death. He
was carried to Barn well as quickly as
possible and given medical aid. He
is now resting quietly*. No reason
has been assigned for the act.
Parole a Negro.
Governor Blease paroled Lorum
Washington, colored, of Darlington,
who killed John Scott in a fight fol
lowed a baseball game over which
they had disagreed. Superintendent
Griffin, of the Peniten+iary, said he
had made a excellett prisoner.
Booze Wins in Texas.
The anti-prohibiticn measure won
out in Texas at the Saturday election
according to figures compiled by the
Dallas News. The total vote to date
is: Against the amendment, 234,
101; for the amendment, 227,997.
Is $5,649,826 per annum. Of this
revenue the United States will remit
duties to the amount of $4,849,933.
SHOOT TBE FALLS
MAN TS BARREL ELUDES GRID OF
Bobby Leach of Ontario Dares Death
to Accomplish Feat of Going Over
Bobby Leach, 4 9years old, of Ni
agara Falls, Ont., Tuesday afternoon
went over the Horseshoe falls in a
barrel and still lives. Though he is
battered and bruised In the drop of
158 feet over the brink of the cata
ract he sustained only superficial in
juries and that night was able to be
about his home.
This is the second time in the his
tory of the river that the cataract has
been successfully navigated. Mrs.
Anna Edson Taylor made the trip
in a barrel October 24th, 1901, and;
came out alive.
Harrassed by the police on both
sides of the river, Leach was forced
to make his start from LaSalle, two j
miles and a half above the cataract
on the United States side. Two river
men took him in a launch to, Navy
Island, where Leach was placed in
a barrel, a steel affair, 11 feet long,
with ends of wood. He was hung in
a canvas hammock.
The barrel with its passenger was
cast adrift just off the mouth of
Chippewa creek, hardly a mile above
the brink of the Horseshoe, at 2:52
o'clock and was quickly caught by
the rush of the upper rapids.
When 500 yards from the brink
the barrel was caught in the tremen
dous current and raced to the chasm.
Within 200 yards of the brink, it
struck hard against a rock and a
large section of the wooden end was
broken off. As the barrel reached
the crest at 3:13 it swung straight
and went plunging down into the
Hardly 30 seconds elapsed until it
was seen, a red spe^k, careening in
the spume below the cataract.
With the terrific ooitrush of the
Horseshoe caused by high water the
barrel floated down, tossing, and
tumbling in Its passage, toward the
upper steel arch bridge. Frank Ben
der, of Chippewa, swam out to It with
a rope and caught the barrel by
one of its handles. From that point
the barrel was towed ashore.
Leach was bleeding and .appeared
in a bad way, but once out/of the bar
rel he raised himself and waved to
the crowds that lined the hank. He|
wa?? badly exhausted and It was nec
essary to apply oxygen to revive Mm.
He thought that his leg was broken
en, but examination showed that it
was merely sprained. "I minded the
tumbling above the falls more than
the big drop," said Leach. "Like to
killed me the way I was tossed about j
before I hit the brink."
A FD3ND LYNCHED.
He Attempted an Assault on a
Following an attempt to assault a
young woman dn Mount Croghan, a
small town near Cheraw, a negro
from North Carolina, whose name
has not been learned, is believed to
have been lynched.
The attempt at assault was com
mitted at noon Monday, and all day
and part of Tuesday parties of fren
zied men searched the woods for the
Parties of men returning Tuesday
morning were non-committal as to
whether the negro was caught or not,
but it is thought from the bearing
of the pursuers, that the negro was
captured and put to death in the
The victim of the attempted as
sault is one of the most prominent
ancf well connected young women of
that section, and the crime stirred
aip unusual excitement and anger.
Sheriff Douglass, of Chesterfield
County, was on the scene and sought
to capture the negro, but was un
DON'T BELONG TO THEM.
Padgett Unknown to South Carolina
From the Atlanta Constitution
comes the report that the Rev. B. L.
Padgett, claiming to be a Methodist
preacher from Greenville, S. C, was
apprehended in a little Madison ave- |
nue hotel as being unlawfully in the1
company of a young lady, also from;
the South Carolina city.
"Rev. Mr. Patgett says that he has
been a Methodist preacher a number:
of years and that last year and year
before he was president of the South
Carolina Conference. He declares
that his record is above reproach and
that when the local authorities are
wired about him they will release
A well known minister of the Meth
odist Episcopal Church. South, of
Columbia, says that he does not know j
of any such Rev. Mr. Padgett. He
is not a minister of the authorized j
Methodist Church. We have no such
thing as president of the Conferences.
He moist be a member of one of the
sects that inhabit the mountain parts
of the State."
Visit Many Towns.
Announcement has been made
from the State department of agri
culture that the agricultural train
to be operated by the Southern rail
way through the South will visit 37
towns and cities in South Carolina
between September 4 and Septem
ber 27. j I
URG, S. C, THURSDAY, J?L'
WILL BE NEXT
The Narioas Chief Farmer is Gating ho
0:d Far His Dalies.
YOUNGER MAN NEEDED
Recent Developments in the Depart
ment of Agriculture Indicate that
the Secretary is Lacking in Execu
tive Strength, Due; Probably to the
Encroachments of Age.
Because of repeated developments
in the Agriclltdtral Departmnet at
Washington indicating that tho exec
utive grip upon it is weak, the im
pression is growing that its venera
ble head, Secretary Wilson, is feel
ing 'the encroachments of age to
such an extent that he is incapable
of handlin." the complicated machin
ery of his great dtpartraent- with effi
Tli<; Washington correspondent of
The News and Courier says it is being
said with a gocd deal of freedom in
semi-official circles that some of the
r.iost embarrassing troubles that have
afflicted the administration might
have been avoided if Seoretary Wil
son had supervised with the proper
alertness and positivencsd the various
bureaus in which trouble has oc
In several important instances It
looks as the venerable Secretary has
been unaware of what has been going
on under his very nose, and only
when a veritable explosion occurs
does he arise to the necessity of do
ing something 'to show his authority
end accept his responsibility. .
First, there was the Pinchot affair.
The bureau of forestry^ is a subsid
iary of the department of agricul
ture. It was built up into one of the
leading branches of the Government
under the direction of the former
chief forester, Gifford Pinchot, and
no one regarded the development
with greater satisfaction than the
Hon. Jeremiah Wilson.
When the Taft administration
changed the policy of the interior de
partment and Mr. Ballinger got to
work to "kill Bnakes" there is rea
son to believe that the Secretary of
Agriculture still sided with Pinchot
and that the latter had his chief's ap
proval in a number of aotH that'at
tracted the Ire of the new Secre
tard of the Interior. Biut when it
was evident that the President was
aggressively backing the Ballinger
policy, and that if the secretary of
Agriculture did not disavow the do
ings of Pinchot there would probably
be a new man holding the agricultur
al portfolio, Mr. Wilson dropped Pin
chot lite a hot potato.
Secretary Wilson followed the
yame course with regard to Dr. Wil
ey, of the bureau of chemistry. When
the policy of Eafe-guardlng the pub
lic against Injuriously "dcped" food
rroducts and beverages was being de
veloped, nobody enjoyed it more than
the Secretary of Agriculture. But
when the fight came to a crisis and
the "interests" looked about them for
some way of stopping the assault on
benzoate of soda as a preservative,
Secretary Wilsen raised no objection.
In the present effort to drive Dr.
Wiley out of the government service,
.Secretary Wilson has been revealec
in an attitude of ignr.rpntc or of vac
illation by no means creditable to
him. He must recommend some
course of action to the Presi
dent with regard to the technical er
ror in which Dr. Wiley has been ap
1 :ehended and the task is oppressing
the Secretary unspeakably.
Another possibility of trouble for
the Serretary is found in the charges
preferred against the chief of the
weather bureau, Mr. Willis L.
Moore, who seems to have done some
thing like that which is ascribed to
It is said that Mr. Moore hired
earthquake experts out of the emer
gency fund, which technically should
not he used for such a purpose. Com
ing at this time, the Moore charge
tends to embarass the Secretary If he
ip disposed to agree iwth the Attor
ney General that Dr. Wiley should
leave the service. If Dr. Wiley, whyi
not also Dr. Moore.
But the most conclusive evidence of
the Secretary's lack to grasp upon
the situation is the fact that an es
timate of the size of the forthcoming
rrop of cctton was published by hLs
department and given to the press
\\ithout his knowledge or approval, j
Senator Smith, of South Carolina, j
who is one of the leaders of the j
Southern Cotton Growers Association
went to see Mr. Wilson the other day.
to protest against the policy of the'
department permitting such truesses
to be given out with its authority, i
causing great demorilization in the!
cotton market and giving great Im
petus to speculation against the far-j
The Secretary told the Senator that
hefthe Secretary) had not been ap
prised of the alleged estimate and
that is was without his sanction or
warrant of law, and that an estimate
had been published by the depart
ment it should never be ione again.
The estimate was published, of
course, and Mr. Wilson's statement
in the premise? simply shows how
much has been going on under his
nominal supervision without his real
ly knowing any more about it than
if he were at the North Pole.
Senator Smith will Introduce a res
olution calling upon Mr. Wilson to
Y 27, 1911.
NAKES A CHANGE
NEWS AND COURIER OBJECTS TO
Columbia Correspondent Asked to
Resign From Governor's Staff,
But He Refuses to Do So.
Leon M. Green, Columbia corre
spondent for the News and Courier,
bap refused to accede to the demands
of his newspaper that he resign an
appointment recently received upon
the staff of Governor Blease and
says he will resign as correspondent
iPjtnediately. His resignation will
be handed to the head of the News
and Courier's Columbia bureau, Au
gust Kohn, upon the latter's return
this week from a Canadian tour. . .
"I resign under pressure," said
Mr. Green. "I can not comply with
the demand made on me. When I
was z\. pointed on the Governor's staff
I accepted because of the honor, and
t know that the position was given
In the right spirit. For the paper I
represented to seek to tell me that I
should resign either from the paper
or from the governor's staff was, in
icy opinion, an encroachment upon
my personal rights.
"I i'elt that I could still remain on
the governor's staff, as I have always
sought to give unbiased reports of
official acts of the chief executive of
"The position taken by the paper
appears to me, and I have no doubtt
will so appear to many others in the
State, untenable, for the particular
reason that the position occupied
here for the paper was that solely of
a news correspondent. I had nothing
whatever to do with the editorial pol
icy of he paper. What I have been
sending to the papers I represent was
the news of the day here?nothing
Mr. Green Monday night gave out
the Iettelr below which he stated
had been written him by Robert La
than, the editor of the News and
Courier. Mr. Lathan said last night
that he had nothing to say concern
ing the matter. Mr. Lathan's letter!
to Mr. Green is as follows:.
"Mr. Leon M. Green, Columbia, S. C.
"Dear 'Mr. Green: I have just re
ceived your letter of July 20 and re
:gret very much to learn of your de
termination to remain on the staff of
the governor rather than on that of
The News and Courier.
"As I wrote Air. Kohn, I do not re
gard it as proper for a newspaper
correspondent to hold two such posi
tions at the same time; my under
standing of the matter being that the
acceptance of an appointment as one
of a governor's aides entails upon the
person accepting it a responsibility
of dodng all that he can to uphold
whatever the governor may do.
"/ think it should be a rule of the
paper that no one of its staff should
occupy any position which might ex
pose him to the criticism that his Im
partiality might be affected, whether
sueh criticism be well founded or
"It is the desire of the News and
Courier to do every public official
justice fairly and impartially, and in
order to do so I think the above men
tioned rule a good one.
"It is true that Mr. Kohn was at
one time an aide to a governor but
that was before I became editor of
"I appreciate your offer to look
after matters connected with the bu
reau until Mr. Kohn returns, but
perhaps it would be better to con
tinue the present arrangement until
that time, fillowlng Mr. Horton to
cover whatever may happen, as he
has been doing since you have been
away from Columbia.
"Let me repeat to you personally
what I have already said to Mr. Kohn
as head of the bureau, that the News
and Courier appreciates the general
excellence of the service you have
givn it during the period of your
connection with the paper, and that I
am genuinely sorry that you have
chosen to take a stand in this matter,
a most important one as I see It, to
which this paper can not give its in
First Woman Victim.
Mme. Denise Moore is the first wo
man victim of aviation. She was
killed at Etompes, France, Monday
night. Mme. Moore has already
made several fine ascents and was
about to make a high flight. When
about 150 feet in the air her biplane
was caught by a gust and capsized.
It fell stright to the earth and the
woman was crushed l>eneath it.
Both Pass Away.
Mr. Ellie Hyatt, a young farmer,
2S years old, died at his home at
Luc-know, in Lee county. Monday af
ternoon, after being ill for the past
few days. Within one hour after
ho had breathed his last his wife,
Mrs. Mollie Hyatt, died of heart fail
mo. The remains of both were bur
ied near Lucknow.
inform Congress whether or not his
department did issue the advance es
timate attributed to it in the news
papers: if so, why such an estimate
was permitted; and what fluctuations
in the cotton market have folIo~-cJ
'he publication of the esitmate.
There is no telling what may grow
out of this incident, emphasizing as
it does the looseness with which the
department of agriculture is being
operated under the existing system of
control.; Ii n :i .
CORN SHOW TO COME
FORTY THOUSAND DOLLARS
NEEDED TO FINANCE IT.
Cities and Towns Will Be Asked to
Aid in the Movement of National
The National Corn Exposition will
be held in Columbia in 1913. This
announcement was made Monday by
Secretary Hamfoy of the Columbia
Chamber of Commerce, and a cam
paign will be launched imediately to
secure $40,000 necessary to hold the
exposition. The cities and towns of
South Carolina will be asked to help
in the movenment.
The following letter was address
ed Monday by Secretary Hamby to
the president and officers of the
chambers of commerce and boards
of trade of the different cities and.
?towns of South Carolina.
"The holding: of the National Corn
Exposition in South Carolina in 1913
Is now assured provided the cost of
putting it on can be guaranteed
within sixty days.
"This guarantee is $40,000?$20,
000 of which is to be paid in cash
monthly installments betweeD now
and the jening of the exposition,
which wi 'be January 29, 1913.
"In aduition to the above guaran
tee, it Is necessary to erect on the
fair grounds a building sufficiently
large to take care of the exposition;
this building has been purchased at
a cost of $25,000, and is the largest
auditorium in the South, capable of
seating 35,000 people. You will see
from the above that i? required a to
tal of $65,000 to finance the propo
sition, $25,000 of which has been,
pledged toy Columbia for the budldiugs
and $40,000 must now be guaran
"This is the largest proposition
that has been undertaken in tfhis
State and is one of State-wide im
portance and benefit. In addition to
the expenditure of $25,000 for this
building without any solicitation as
yet, three citizens of Columbia have
contributed $3,500 In cash; one of
the railroads entering Columbia, the
name of which will be revealed la
ter, has subscribed $5,000 toward tlhe
guarantee; the city of Charleston
has already pledged a shbscrlptioi of
$2,000, making a total of $35,000,
leaving a balance of 30,000 yet to be!
secured In one of the four ways: eith
er- by guarantee or cash, or both.
The officers of the association
have already begun their campaign
of publicity, securing concessions,
arranging for State and other ex
hibits, securing special transporta
tion rates, etc.
"Monthly installments will have to
be paid in cash, beginning immedi
ately, and it is therefore necessary
thiat the opportunity foe accorded the
undersigned to present this matter
to every commercial body in every
county in South Carolina which may
be interested in the agricultural and
Industrial development of the State
as soon as possible after Thursday,
"Time and space will not permit
me to go into details through this
medfum, therefore I would re
spectfully ask that your 'board of di
rectors and membership grant me an
audience at such a t'me and place
as may be most convenient. As it
will prohaibly be necessary for me to
visit 25 or 30 towns in the State, you
will see the importance of giving this
your earliest attention, that I may be
able to arrange an itinerary that can
be carried out at the least exivense
and in the shortest time.
"Kindly let me know ?s soon as
possible whether you can arrange for
suoh an audience at your regular
monthly meeting, or if that time foe
now past, at. some special meeting
called for the purpose, giving me the
date, place and hour.
"I am convinced that this move
ment and rebound to the greatest
good to this State, wihich is now in
the very best shape to receive the
benefits that will accrue to it from
the holding of the National Corn ex
position here in 1913. Those who
realize the agricultural and indus
trial possibilities of South Carolina
will need no urging in this master,
and its mainly to those who have not
given it a thought that I wish to pre
sent the proposition, that they, too,
may become materially interested in
an undertaking which will not only
be the best advertisement possible to
the entire State, but will put it at
lesst two years ahead of every other
Southern State in agricultural devel
"Thanking you in advance for an
early reply, and eagerly hoping that
I may have the privilege of meeting
your orgamizai.ion for the purpose
above mentioned, 1 am."
Little Boom Started.
A now Democratic (presidential
boom has started in favor of Repre
sentative Oscar W. Underwood, of
Alabama, chairman or the committee
on ways and means. This boom has
the backing of the Alabama delega
tion in congress, each and every man
of whom has declared that it will
grow to formidable proportions be
fore many days have passed.
First New Bale.
The first bale of the 1911 cotton
Ci on to be marketed was brought to
McRac, Ga., by T. J. Smith, of that
county. It weighed an even five hun
dred pounds, and was bought for 25
centr a pound b> T. W. Both. It was
a remarkably fine staple, grown from
a specially developed early seed.
TWO CENTS PER COPY.
Will EsUbliih a Ikfodtl Farm in ibe
Cbarleatoo District Sots
SOIL SECOND TO NONE
General Manager of the National
Corn Exposition Will Purchase
Several Thousand Acres Near Char
leston aud Will Induce White Set
tlers to1 Clear and Cultivate Land.
The News and Courier says it is
authoritatively annouraed that Prof.
George H. Stevenson, general mana
ger of the National Corn Exposition,
will locate in the Charleston district
in the near future for the purpose
of operating a model farm colony.
Prof. Stevenson, who is reputed to
be one of the largest corn growers
in the Western Hemisphere, was in
Charleston and surrounding territory
last March, at a time when the ques
tion of choosing the next place for
the 1913 Cora Exposition first came
rap. He was immediately impressed
with the v?st opportunities presented
in this district to the agricultrarist,
and did not hesitate to say at the
time that the soil here was second to
none in the United States.
Prof. Stevenson Is lrnown to pos
sess extensive farm lands in the Wes
tern States and had grown rich
through the raising of corn. He Is,
however, so enthusiastic with the
prospects in South Carolina, and par
ticoi'larly in. the Charleston district,
that he will shortly make his home
here. It is now understood that he
13 now negotiating for the purchase
of about 3,000 acres between Charles
ton and Snmmervllle, on which he
expects to build up and maintain a
model farm colony.
On the occasion of his visit some
time ago to> Charleston Prof. Stev
enson stated that he had his own
pet Ideas as to the operation of a
large farm. He is a firm believer in
Intensive farming and thinks that the
climate and soil of South Carolina
are peculiarly adapted for this. ' Af
ter purchasing his rr.M he will Induce
from twenty to thirty thrifty white
settlers to take portions of the tract
and Imedlately begin extensive
I -'IThe settlers will all be men of
means and experience and will there
fore be able to get down 'to work Jn
a comprehensive and systematic man
| ner without losing too much time.
j'The latest machinery will be used
on the model farm, as well as tho
latest ideas in the agricultural world.
High grade stock of every description
will be purchased and raised. As
Prof. Stevenson expects to raise corn
along ertenslve lines, he will have
the corn, both in, quality and quan
tity, to feed his cattle.
Prof. Stevenson is expected to vis
It Charleston I ntihe near future for
the purpose of perfecting his plana
with regard to the model farm col
ony. The officers of the National
Corn Exposition are: Prof. George H.
Stevenson, secretary, treasurer and
general manager; E. D. Punk, of
Shirly, 111., president; E. G. Mont
gomery, of Linoln, Nob., 'first vice
president. The board of directors all
live l.n the Middle West.
The fact that the big corn show is
coming to South Carolina Is recog
nized as a big thing* for the entire
State, and as a big thing for Charles
ton amd the whole coast country as
for any other part of the ?State. The
railroads will make special rates for
the show?.the lowest rates into Southl
Carolina that they have ever made;
and it is expected that all these tick
ets will be good for a journey to any
part of the State Thus the men who
go to Columbia to see the Corn Ex
position may come right down to>
Charleston witihorat any extra ex
pense to themselves.
KILLED AT A FROLIC.
j Five Negroes Are Held for the Mur
der of a Woman.
At Spartanburg five negroes were
I committed to .ja.ll Monday as acces
sories to an alleged murder, in which
the victim, Nellie Landers, a negro
woman was burned to death. Mattle
Russell, also a negress, will also be
committed to jail in connection
with the affair as, according to the
testimony taken at the coroner's in
quest she broke a. lamp over Nellie's
head, causing the burns which result
ed in Nellie's death Sunday.
There was a negro frolic in the
woods near Cherokee Springs last
Friday night. All of those concerned
in Nellie Landers' death were there.
In an ante-mortem statement Nellie
said that the party, started to play a
gambling game called "skin." She de
clined to play. Mattie Russell urged
her to play, telling her she never
would make any money unless she
took a chance. Nellie said she re
plied that she never did want to mako
money by gambling.
Nellie Landers is the sixth negro
victim of a homicide In SpartanbuTg
county in seven weeks.
After Land Sharks.
A hand book for the guidance of
land suckers is a book to be published
by the immigrr.tion commissioners
irom nineteen states. The purpose is
to protect unwary investors against
the operations of land shark* and
oily promoters. "Promotion commit*
tees" will probably be ivestlgated. j