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title: 'The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, August 01, 1911, Page PAGE THREE, Image 3',
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So much h; s been heard regard
ing the diseas ^-carrying abilities of
? flies that we have begun to look
upon them as most dreadful crea
tures. We w<ll know that they are
accustomed tc light upon very ob
jectionable sul stances after which we
do not care to have them any nearer
us or our fO"d than we can help,
if for nothing more than a matter
? A health off cer recently told me a
little story 02 how some of these
little mischie -makers were appar
ently "caught In the act" of spread
ing disease ar;ong the soldiers at a
certain camp where typhoid fever
had claimed mmy victims. The flies
were suspectet , and so several men
went to an o d dump of waste at
the flies' mea time and were not
disappointed it finding the place well
attended by tJh * enemies they sought.
"With consider; ble skill they succeed
ed in throwing some flour over them
as they were ? njoying their repast.
A little lat x in the day it was
noticed that : ies well dusted with
flour were mt rching over the meat
and other eat bles in the large kit
chen wnere f >od was in course of
preparation fc r the soldiers. Army
authorities set to it nowadays that
""mess" ihouses are thoroughly screen
ed, as well a 3 other places where
food is expose i so far as it is possi
ble to do it. J
While the :ommon house fly, or
the blow-fly t ere described, are not
poisonous or ii fectious in themselves,
they may carr impurities from place
to place, and when we examine one
under a microscope, or even a good
magnifying ?lass, we will find them
v;ell fitted to carry foreign matter
about on their hairy bodies and legs.
?Possibly every "pest" has its re
' deeming qualities, and ceitainly the
blow-fly for example, and besides
this he now lhas the disticiion of be
ing studied as the most promising
pattern for a flying machine by one
scientific man. This fly is readily
distinguished from the house-fly, be
ing larger and of a blackish color,
with steel-blue abdomen. He shows
his good taste by his stron gattrac
tion to the odor of '-ookiniy, especial
ly of meat and vegetables. When he
has nothing else to occupy his time
he amuses the baby by buzzing down
the window pane, and then walking
up the glass and repeating the novel
He ceases to be amusing to the
I housekeeper, howsver, when she
j finds, notwithstanding 'here careful
! ness, that some fresh meat she put
on a shelf, until a place could be
made for it in the reflgerator, has
been "fly-blown." That is, the blow
flies have deposited their eggs on it.
This is one of the objectionable tricks
of these fellows, nor do they select
fresh meat as a cradle for their off
spring necessarily, as decaying flesh
or cheese and nitrogenous vegetables
are also favorite places.
It is -far from pleasant to imagine
the sufferings of wounded soldiers
during hot weather when visited by
these pests. However annoying is
the blow-fly on every occasion where
opportunity offers, his clue as a scav
enger in warm climates would be dif
ficult to calculate.
From the occupation of a carrion
remover alone the great naturalist,
Linnaeus, declared that the progeny
of but three such flies would consume
the carcass of a dead horse as speed
ily as a lion! This statment, al-j
though somewhat exaggerated, fur
nishes some idea of the wonderful j
egg-laying power and rapid develop- j
ment, as well as the astonishing vor-|
acity of the immature members of1
The eggs are deposited in great
numbers, and hatch in twenty-four
hours, and the numberless myriads of
maggots soon make way with the
substances upon which they are plac- i
ed. In a few days they attain their
full development, when they crawl j
aside into a place for protection and
transform into pupae, or little cases
from which they later emerge, full
An interesting fact about flies,
which many do not know, is that they
do not grow. That is, they attain
their full size in the pupa state and
emerge from this state full grown.
Therefore the small flies you see will
never urrow any larger, as they be
long to a smaller species. When
one of these flies is examined under
the magnifying glass or microscope
there is much to be admired about
him, even if some of our friends of
the gentler sex call him "perfectly
horrid," after taking a peek at his
grotesque countenance under a glass.
A very low power is used, of about
ton to fifteen diameters, and even
then the whole fly cannot be seen at
once. Under the microscope. A
front view of the head of a blow-fly
is shown in Fig 1. The "thousand
eyes," or composite eyes, are best
observed from this view. The beauty
of coloring or marvelous construction
of a fly's eye car not be well describ
ed in printer's ink. It must be seen
to be appreciated.
However, for the time being you
may imagine the appearance of an
enlarged, convex, oval-shaped organ
dotted all over its surface with geo
metrically perfect hexagonal-shaped
depressions, as v. made by a marvel
metal worker. You may well imag
ine the beauty of such a wonder
fully checkered surface when the
light brings out its rich maroon col
oring, of rich golden brown and
changeable greens as are found in
some specimens. After seeing this
spectacle you feel that tJhere is noth
ing else on this creature worth look
ing at?but 'here is. I would call
your attention to the deicate, fern
like antennae, the bristly an spike
like hairs on the front and top of the
headj also the black bands resembling
"patent leather," which borders the
eyes, separating them from the mid
dle p-?.rt of the head.
Tne mouth is very complicated and
is provided with a probosis or suck
ing apparatus, the end of which is
seen at the lower middle part of the
head. A detailed drawing of this
from a mounted specimen is shown
in Fig. 3. It suggests the fur-cover
ed foot and leg of an Esquimau. The
"foot" part reminds one of a red
ribbed bed-room slipper. The ribs
serve .the purpose of stretching out
the elastic and elaborate sucking sur
face, whiclh you have seen so often
planted upon a stray igrain of sugar
which fell out of its proper place.
The dark front and back muscles
and their attachments are very clear
? ly seen under the microscope, as
shown in the drawing. The darker
parts are reddish in color, while the
other surfaces are of a yellowish col
or. The two little tborned organs at
the back are feelers. Wlhen the pro
bosis is drawn up they are in just the
right position to examine anything
which is near that organ.
A foreleg of this animal is shown
in Fig. 3. Under a low power ob
jective it looks like a small, black
tree trunk, covered with small hairs,
and in some parts with very large
sharp, stiff bristles.
The most interesting nart of the
fly's !<-g is the foot, which we all
know ;>erf. rms snctl f.ou..:-*u! feats
as w;Iking up .m l d.'.wu the window
pane, /cross the S". oath ceVng or on
j>iH"h;r.v-except t.he fly paper!
Drawing No. 4 shr-v-s the t. p of this
feu toot, much enlarged Ycu will
fco tha! these wo Mlerful feet are pro
Ic'ed will- & pair of hooks, as well as
two pads back of Hiera, which later
are better brought into view in Fig.
5, which gives the back view of
the same foot.
The hairs appear like verg large
bristles in these views. The pads
are supposed to be slightly sticky,
which provision aids them in holding
on to glazed or smooth surfaces.
They may serve also, with the bent
joints, to receive the shock of alight
ing upon some hard surface, although
flies seem to be able to withstand a
good deal of rough treatment on var
ious parts of their bodies, for we
readily they re-establish
after a pretty hard slap
with a fan.
Drawing No. 6 shows the whole
fly, the most wonderful Aying ma
chine, as well as the bravest of crea
tures, for there is no beast in warm
climates, however savage, nor any
pestilence which can scare away this
The framework of the wtngs, as
well as the wonderful membrane
stretched over it, is all very interest
ing to view under the microscope.
To the naked eye it seems rather
plain, even if very delicate, but you
would be filled with astonishment to
behold it under the microscope. You
would find its whole boundary bor
dered with small thorns, becoming
very large at the point joining- the
body, and the entire surface of the
membrane, covered with unnumbered
thousandsif not millions, of minute
thorns, which are not to be seen
even under a good magnifying glass,
but which show up most beautifully
under the more powerful microscope.
These little thorns serve as a protec
tion for the membrane of this deli
cate little wing, which certainly
meets a good deal of trouble when
the housekeeper gets after him with
here duster or broom!
To Wil iiington and Wrightsville Beach
l Jill From Orangeburg, S. C.
? "?" -?SET 7^23
Ten day excursion rate te Wi'ming
ton and Wrightsville Beach. Tick
ets on jale Thursdays' until August
24, limited returning to second Sun
day following date of sale.
Summer Excursion Rate to Wrights
ville Bsach. Tickets on sale daily
until September 30, limited returning
to October 31, 1911. All tickets
good to return via Wilson, N. C.
24 Page Illustrated Booklet
23 hi'.f onss and map, descrpttve of Wilmington, Wrightsville
BaacV Cm'im Baach, Southport and the lower Cape Fear, together
with a copy >f ths "Purple Folder" may be obtained from
S. A. Dantz er, Ticket Agent,.^Orangeburg. S. C.
or by addressing
W. J. Craig, T C. White,
Passenger Traffic Manager. General Passenger Agent.
Wilmington, N. C.
We vant you to own one of our new safety boxes which
we havn just put in our fire-proof vault?never keep a fire
policy i l the building insured?you should keep your papers
of value and your jewelry in one of our boxes and be secure.
The United States Government has named this Brmk as
the depj?itory of its Postal Savings Bank funds?let us count
you am )ng our depositors.
Your cepos ts with us are absolutely secure. We have a
capital and surplus of $135,000.00 and resources of over
$525,0 )0 which should be sufficient to guarantee you against
loss. H e carry Burglar Insurance. Give us your business
and fee safe.
The Edtsto Savings Bank
Orangeburg, S. C.
Everything the world of fashion
says should be worn in shirts, col
lars, neckwear, hosiery, hats?is to
be found here.
The man who wants to dress
well and in perfect style will find
that our. stocks contain the cheicest
styles, the best quality and that
they are p iced most reasonably.
Ask to be shown our $1 shirt
and our 50c njckwear if you want
a good idea cf how good our goods
Renneker & Riggs
THE FASHION SHOP.
WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME.
iryou purchnsc the NEW HOME you will
have a life asset at the price you pay, and wUl
not have an endless chain of repairs.
it is the
in the end
If you want a sewing machine, write for
r>or latest catulogu'- before you purchase.
TfiB New Home Sewing Machine Co., Orange, Mass.
Cokesbury Conference School.
Cokesbury, s. C.
High grade prepatory school. Courses
In college preparatory. Music. Ex
pression and business. Excellent en
vironment. Health record unexcell
ed. $120 pays board and tuition.
Session opens Sept 21, 1911. Write:
L E. HINKLE, B. A.
What a Bank Account Does
at The People's Bank
It helps your credit.
It stimulates your courage.
It guards you against extrava
It gives you confidence in your
It helps you hold up while you
are out of work.
It furnishes the best receipt for
all money you pay out.
It creates business habits that
will increase your savings.
It protects against loss by rob
bery and personal injury by rob
It enables tou to pass over per
iods of sickness without embarrass
It makes you able to run your
business, instead of your business
It teaches economy, which is the
first round in the ladder to success
and prosperity. Your business wel
The People's Bank
ELLOREE, S. O.
Are Yonr Hose Insured?
A new shipment of the celebrat
ed "Holeproof Hosiery." Guar
anteed for six months. Are ready
for your inspection.
Holeproof Silk Stockings.
Holeproof Silk Sox.
These are guaranteed for three
months. If a hole appears in that
time you get a new pair.
Holeproof Lisle and Cotton
Holeproof Lisle and Cotton Sox.
Are guaranteed for six momhs.
Sold only by
E. N. Scoville,
14 W. Russell St.'Phone 18.
For sale price 50c. Postage 10c.
WANTED A TRIP.
"Jack is proposing to me over the
?phone and he says he'd go to the ends
of the earth for me."
"Say, Sis, ask him if ho' ake you to
Europe on a honeymoon then and take
A BUSINESS PROPOSITION.
"Won't you consider becoming a life
partner of mine?"
"How much capital can you put in'."
"Say, rop. what \n 'woman's opheref "
Dm Girth?that Is, they think bo." _
"I'oor Jack. He'll make some woman
a good liusbar.il."
"I guess you mean that he'll make
some Kood woman a husband."
AND STILL WAITING.
"Will you kindly tell your slater I have
been waiting fully three-quarters of an
hour for her?'"
"I know a feller what's been waiting
three years for her."
USUALLY THE CASE.
"I understand that Clara was reared
"Well, yes. She always had everything*
she didn't need."
"Don't you think It's possible for a
couple to it;.* along well on a salary of
$-i.O) per week?"
"From what T can learn, ii's not possi
ble for a couple to k'et along wen any
SPARTAN SUEG, SOUTH CAROLINA.
IIKXRY X. SXYJJER, President.
A real college with high standards of scholarship and character.
Excellent equipment. Unsurpassed lien 11h conditions. Expenses niort
erale. Loan funds for worthy students. Fifty-eiglh session begins
September 20th. Write for catalogue.
,T. A. GAME WELL, Secretary.
WOFFORD COLLEGE FITTING- SCHOOL.
A high-grade preparatory school for boys. Small classes. Individ
ual attention. $155 pays al! expenses. Next session Sept-.mbcr 20tb.
A. MASOX DuPRE, Headmaster.
Spartanburg, South Carolina.
"MOTION PICTURE STORY" MAG A ZINE AT SIMS BOOK STORE.