Newspaper Page Text
?&m Sim# mi ?m$mt.
ESTABLIS 1ED IN 1869.
Published Three Times Each Week.
Tuesday, Thar day and Saturday.
Entered as so ond class matter en
January 9, 1909 at the post office at
Orangeburg, S. 1., under the Act of
Congress of M* ch, 1879.
Jas. L. Sims, Editor and Prop.,
Jas. Izlar Sims - - Publisher.
One Year (by c? rrier).2.00
Six Months.. . ... ...75
h Remittances i hould be made pay
able to The T mes and Democrat,
Orangeburg, S. 0., by registered let
ter, check or noney order.
If people vroi Tied lees over real or
imaginary trou ales there would be
fewer doctor's -111 to pay.
Take a heali ay view of life. Far
better to do tb it and be the gainer
thereby than o take a jaundiced
view and be m serable.
Self-respect s necessary if one
would have otl srs respect him Vul
garity and cou. seness of speech and
manner always lowers one In the es
timation of ott ?rs.
The time is oming when the good
of each will t a the concern of all.
Burns had this In mind when he said
that the world iver men shall "brith
ers be for 'a t ist."
It is no mo: e possible for a busi
ness to Tun i! >elf than a wheelbar
row. Somebo ly must ,be behind it
to push, direc" and advertise. The
last ds imperat ve as it igives success
to all the rest.
One of the most pleasing things
in this glad' s immertime is the ab
sence of any dgh jinx in- Newport,
and Pittsburg society. Is society re
torming itself ar Iis it only a lull be
fore the winter storm.
What some oeople call being busy
is nothing but !ussiness. They rush,
etew and won 7 an through the day
and delude th mselves with the idea
they are very busy, w&en, in truth,
tbey are not as they accomplish
In doing ? xid it is always well
that the deec be more conspicuous
tban the one who does it. The -os
tentation wh ch is sometimes dis
played lesseni the beauty and deli
cacy of the ac Jon. It is always well
to remember that the pump handle
is of less valt a than the water.
If dirt ds b X matter in the wrong
place so weed 3 are plants for which
fs yet no use aas been found. Reas
oning from p st successes in finding
a beneficial u ie for many plants pre
viously class* i as pestilent weeds it
is not too mu< h to expect that in time
some good us 3 will be found for ev
erything that grows. 1
Positive assertions of bribery and
no less posit've denials characterize
the Illinois f anatorial Investigation.
Evidently th< re is a good deal of
playing fast vith the truth, hut ul
timately if t *e investigation contin
ues long enough the truth will be
separated frc n the false and justice
vindicated w th consequent cleaner
if women '.0 not know their prop
er place in ? 16 household and In so
?iety will no; be for lack of advice.
Newspapers, leatrned judges, advo
cates and oj ponents of the woman
suffrage mo1 ement and, in fact, all
sorts and c ?ndttions of people are
giving advie plentfully and free. It
might be w< 11, just for a change, to
specify the e anding and duties of the
Rightly cc asidered work is no bur
den but a 1 -ivilege and joy. It is a
burden onl; to those who view it
distastefully and labor reluctantly.
It is a mist? ke to suppose that work
was designed as a curse for man. On
the contrarj. work is a blessing. All
honorable vork, mental or manual,
makes for .he health, contentment
and happim ss of the toiler, and in
addition it promotes the well .being of
Homes w jre never meant to be a
cheap hotel or boarding house where
a man mlg it get a good meal at a
small cost 1 nd then leave its portals
vot to reer ter until the next meal
hour or bee time. A man is little, if
any better than a hog who so re
gards his h )me. Home is the great
est institutf an in the world, the most
important actor in the human life,
the place * lere more than any place
else, the c laracter is being formed
and life re elving its discipline.
The cut.Jng of freight rates on
western liras by oredr of the inter
state comn erce commission will be
welcomed iy shippers and by busi
ness men jenerally who have long
felt that tl ey were paying too heav
ily and tha: the long and short haul
ride has be< n persistently broken. The
railways a their western terminals
have to mt at water competition, it Is
true, but i. is not fair that shippers
to interim diate points should bear
the cost ir higher rates.
It is a r uestion with many people
whether t ie Sherman Act does or
does not fi If ill its purpose to prevent
restraint 0 ' trade. Certain it is that
the. trusts which to date have been
found guil y of violating the law con
tinue to da business just about the
same as < ?er and that there is no
prospect t tat any proposed reorgan
ization of these same trusts will
change m. tters to any extent. And
it is equa ly certain that the mem
bers of th' se trusts admitted to have
been guilty of criminal transgression
have not beet, prosecuted for their
What Bryan Said and Why.
A great deal has been said and
written about the speech made on the
floor of the House of Representa
tives by Congresman Underwood
of the Ways and Means Committee,
in which he denounced a statement
made by William Jennings Bryan
in the Commoner. Those newspapers
that have always hated Bryan on the
slightest pretext, tried to make it ap
pear that Bryan had deliberately
misrepresented Underwood. They
published what Underwood said
about 'Bryan, hut conveniently for
get to give Bryan's side or the story.
In order that the matter may be
thoroughly understood by our read
ers, we publish below what Bryan
said that caused Underwood to get so
mad, and the article on which the
charges made .by Bryan against Un
derwood were based. Here is what
Bryan said in The Commoner about
The action of Chairman Under
wood in opposing an immediate ef
fort to reduce the iron and steel
schedule reveals the r?al Under
wood. Speaker Clark and other tar
iff reformers tried to' secure the
passage of a resolution instructing
the ways and means committee to
take up other schedules, includ
ing the iron and stee; schedule,
but" Underwood and Fitzgerald, of
New. York, the Fitzgerald who sav
ed Cannon in the last Congress?
suceeded in defeating the resolu
Mr. Kitchen, a member of the
committee reminded Mr Under
wood that he had told the country
that all his worldly goods were
tied up in the iron and steel indus
try and that a failure jo report a
bill covering that schedule might
be attributed to his conection with
the business, but even this did not
Some of the Democrats thought
Mr. Bryan did Mr. underwood an
injustice when he charged him
with being tainted with protection
?what do these democrats think
now?since Mr Underwood has put
himself at the head of the opposi
tion to Speaker Clark's tariff re
The tariff on wool was the cam
el's nose. The animal is trying to
enter the tent. The unmasking of
Chairman Underwooa will serve
a -useful purpose if it arouses the
Democrats to an understanding
of the mistake made In. putting Mr.
Underwod at the head of the com
mittee?If it solidifies his policy of
The most effective way to shear
Of his power is to change the cau
cus rules so as to require a public
record vote on every question af
fecting the party's policy. Protec
tion is a nocturnal; It shuns the
light. A record vote, open to the
newspapers would have enabled
Clark to have carried his resolu
tion. The caucus rule*; ought to be
changed at once.
The above article appeared in the
Commoner of August 4, and was bas
ed on the following special dispatch
from Washington to tha Philadelphia
Inquirer, under date of July 25. The
Champ Clark, speaker of the
I house, and Oscar W. Underwood,
floor leader of the democrats in
that body, came to the parting of
the ways in the democratic caucus
today, and after a bitter fight the
forces controlled by Underwood
were victorious. ?
The battle in the caucus was the
most serious the democratic party
has witnessed since it came into
control of the house. Sjeaker Clark
had introduced a resolution call
ing on the ways and means com
mittee, of which Underwood is
chairman, to report bills revising
the steol and iron schedule and
measures revising all the other
schedules; he was completely
bowled over ,by the Underwood
forces and the sum total of posi
tive action in the caucus was the
unanimuos vote in favor of consid
Ing the cotton bil.
It was decided, as a result of
the vote that downed the Clark
resolution, that the democrats of
the house would not pass any more
bills revising the tariff after the
cotton bill has been acted upon.
The vote upon this proposition
was close; though it was taken vi
va voce, the Underwood victory
? Claude KItchin, of North Caro
lina made a speech, bitter in which
he said that the chairman of the
ways and means committee, Mr.
Underwood, had proclaimed to the
country the fact that, all his money
was tied up in the steel business,
his district including the big mills
at Birmingham, Ala., and that un
less the steel and iron schedules
were revised the nation would
gather the impression that the
democratic party liad been side
tracked .by its floor leader's con
nections. "The Democrats would
know that such an impression
would not be justif^d by the fact,"
said Kitchin in an effort to take
the sharp, edge* off of his remarks,
but the impression would go into
The only way we can offset
such an impression." said Kitchin,
"is to revise the steel and iron
schedules at once." The remarks
of Mr. Kitchin did not change the
position of Mr. Underwood. He
made it clear that he was acting in
the best interests of the country,
stating that there was no necessity
for further tariff action at the
present time. He was strongly
supported by Representative Fitz
gerald, of New Yo-k, chairman of
the appropriations committee, who
intimated that the country was be
coming Impatient of so much tar
iff revision, given in one dose.
Mr. Webb, of North Carolina,
who represents a district contain
ing 110 cotton mills, also made a
plea for the nian\.acturers of that
commodity. The stand taken by
Clark was bolder than any he has
yet taken. He has been stating
right along tnat congress would
remain in session until September
and possibly until next December,
but none knew that he intended to
force the issue in the caucus.
It will be noticed that the article
on which Bryan based his comments
on Underwood was published in the
Philadelphia Inquirer ten days .be
fore Bryan's comments appeared n
The Comoner. Underwood not 'hav
ing denied the article in the Inquirer
Bryan had a perfect right to assume
that it was true, and so believing
had a perfect right to comment on
it as he did in the Commoner. Up
derwood did not deny the Charges
publicly until Bryan noticed it in The
Commoner and then he made the
bitter speech which we published last
week denouncing Bryan for repub
lishing a charge that had been pub
lished ten days before in a reputa
ble newspaper published less than
100 miles from Washington. As soon
as Underwood denied the charge,
Bryan withdrew it, and gave his au
thority for it as above started. Ab
usual Bryan was right in the position
Adopt a Civic Creed.
Why not adopt a civic creed for
Orangeburg' and strive to attain to
it. Is it not possible for Orange
burg, as a community, to have a civic
creed in which nothing shall hurt
or destroy but in which everything
shai! bless and build up? Below we
paraphrase an article published in
the Augusta Herald sometime ago
and suggest that we adopt it as our
1. A community of high private
and rublic morals, where all insti
tutions and agencies that degrade
individual and community life are
excluded, and where boys and girls
may grow to strong and true man
hood and womanhood
2. A community where every citi
zen receives an education which will
fit him physically mentally and mor
ally for the work he is to perform,
and for the sacred duties of parent
hood and citizenship.
?3. A community whose govern
ment is strong, and benefcent, built
on the intelligence, integrity and
co-operation of Its citizens, free from
every taint of corruption, whose of
ficers serve not for private gain, but
for the public good
4. A community of business pros
perity where leadership and capital
find full opportunity for profitable
investment, where business is broth
erhood, conducted for the service of
the many rather than the profit of
5. A community of opportunity
for every man?and evry woman who
must?to labor under conditions of
physical and moral safety, and reas
nable hours, with a living wage as
the minimum and the maximum the
highest wage that each industry can
afford, and where there is the wis
est restriction of child labor '
G. A community where there are
adequate facilities provided and the
leisure secured for every man, wo
man and child to enjoy wholesome
recreation and to obtain the most
thorough physical development.
7. A community where the health
of the people is carefully guarded
by public inspection, securing pure
food, water, proper sanitation and
8. A community where the strong
bear the infirmities of the weak, the
aged, and the sick, and where
thoughful provision is made for those
who suffer from the hardship of in
dustrial change or accident.
9. A community where welcome
waits every visitor and where none
shall long remain a.stranger within
its gates; where there shall be no
class spirit, but where all the peo
ple shall mingle in friendly interest
10. A community where the high
est manhood is fostered by faith in
God and devotion to man, where the
institutions of religion which pro
mote and accompany the highest civ
ilization are cherished, and where
the public worship of God with its
fruitage cf service to man is main
tained in spiritual power.
11. Conscious of our shortcomings
humbled by our obligation, trusting
in Almighty God, we dedicate our
selves to labor together to make Or
angeburg a city'beautiful and right
teous, a city of God among; men
Recall of Judges.
Senator Owens, of Oklahoma, in
an able speech the other day on the
floor of the United States Senate,
advocated the recall of federal and
state judges. He says their elec
tions are largely secured by corpora
tions and individuals whose interests
are more or less before the courts.
He finds that 'in most states the term
of judges are longer than those of
other officials and argues that they
have been made so by corporations
and individuals for the purpose of
retaining them in office against pop
ular demand for their retirement.
Senator Owens cites many peculiar
ities of our judicial system in sup
port of.his idea.
B.ut Senator Owen, as Grit views
the matter, has not gotten to the
root of the evil, if one exists. The
President may appoint federal judges
and governors state judges, but if
the President and the governors were
more considerate of the wishes of
the people themselves; they might
select justices who would be the ser
vants of the people rather than of
corporations and individuals. To go
a step farther, if appontments of
indues were superseded by popular
election of justices to shorter terms,
there might not be the necessity for
the recall that Senator Owens thinks
There are many who agree with
Grit in this. As it points out, the
trouble lies with the people, if any
where. They have delegated too
much power to party leaders and pol
itical .bosses. They have given them
too much latitude and have yielded
to them too much privilege. The
people themselves have been derelict
in duty to themselves, and to their
slates and the nation. They have
confirmed in too large a measure the
criticism of European statesmen re
garding our form of government.
They should take more interest In
all matters pertaining to government
and not allow themselves deceived
by interested parties.
We fully agree with Grit that if
the people desire self government they
must administer it themselves. If
they delegate powers they must hold
to accountability.' They will never
remedy their shortcomings by pun
ishing a judge for the treachery of
their leaders. They must get after
the leaders. They must destroy the
political bosses. When they have
done this they will secure a judi
ciary that will serve the public as
a whole, not a part of it. Don't
vote for a man simply because he
pretends to be your friend about elec
tion times, ,but vote for the candidate
who most nearly represents your
views on public questions.
The Booster Trip.
The purpose of the Booster Trip
of the business men of our little city
if simply to call attention of those
who think they would be benefitted
by doing their trading with our mer
chants, to the advantages Orange
burg offers as a trade center, and to
stir up the merchants of Orangeburg
to the stern necessity of reaching out
for more trade by meeting all compe
tition from any and all quarters,
both as to price and quality of goods.
In other words Orangeburg wants to
get better acquainted with the peo
ple in the country.
There is no better business town
in tne Satte than Orangeburg Goods
are sold here at a small margin of
profit, and her business men are able
to'meet all the needs of the people.
We do not mean to reflect upon any
of the other, busy, live towns in the
county, but in every section there
must be a common center, and that
common center in this section is the
hustling city of Orangeburg, and this
fact has given her a good lead in all
directions over other towns in this
section fo South Carolina.
?All our business men ask is an
opportunity to make good what they
claim to be able to do, and thus all
doubting Thomases will be convinced
that Orangebung is one of the best
trading centers in the State. So if
you have never given Orangeburg
merchants and business men a
chance to demonctrate to you hhat
they ca nsave you money on all goods
you have to buy, come and let them
do so when you go to buy vour next
bill of goods of any kind. Then you
will not fail to come back as we
know you will be pleased.
The merchants and business men
of this city carry all line of goods
from a toothpick to an automobile,
so you need not fear of not (getting
what you want, and that too, at
prices that will induce you to come
back and become a permanent cus-.
tomer. Do not stand In your own
light any longer, but join the pro
cession of contented, happy people
who do their trading with the mer
chants of Orangbeurg. They are al
ways ready to serve you with the
best goods at the lowest prices.
Doing a Genuine Service.
Grit, which is more of a Republi
can than a Democratic newspaper,
says it is the easiest thing in the
world to ridicule the''Democratic in
vestigations of governmental depart
ments; and it is the- most natural
thing in the world for the Republican
press to do. But ridicule is often
resorted to when there is necessity
of diverting public attention, and the
extent to which the Republican press
is now carrying it would indicate that
necessity exists. The Republican
press is certainly overdoing the
As a matter of fact the Democrats
are doing the country a genuine ser
vice by overhauling the departments
and cleaning up matters about which
there has been more or less doubt in
the public mind. They have dragged
from pigeon holes important reports
buried there for years, and got to the
botton of controversies that have
dragged along without prospect of
termination. They have cut red tape
stirred officials to activity, secured
results, and given the public a vast
amount of information which it
ought to have had long ago.
Those investigations are not to be
laufehed at. They may not show
Republican officials to be rascals, but
they certainly are showing some of
them to have been derelict in their
duties, and are giving the people
more exactly their money's worth of
serivce. So let the investigations
proceed, however much ridicule un
til the housecleaning is completed,
for the people will certainly approve
of all that is honestly done in their
interest. There is no telling what
could be unearthed in the way of
official rascality by the Democrats if
they had control of all the branches
o' the government, when we con
sider what they are bringing to light
with only a small fraction of the
government controlled by them.
Socialism grows apace in England
notwithstanding she has a limited
monarchical form of government. A
; striking advance in government own
ership of public utilities is about to
be made by Great Britain taking uver
the entire telephone system of the
country capitalized at SSO.OOO.Ouu
and with half a million instruments
and IS,000 employes. What a chance
it would offer for plunder and gov
ernment coercion but for the strict
civil service that prevails in England.
As the operation of a principle on a
large scale it is enough to strike
dumb with horror and amazement
the few individualists that still sur
vive, but this is an age of collecti
vism, and municipal and state owner
ship and control of public utilities
is Incoming qute common. On this
continent some of the States in the
Union and some of the Canadian
provinces have taken advanced
ground and collectiism seems to have
a congenial soil in Australia and New
An Annonymous Sensation.
An unforgettable romance th;*it
first startled, then fascinated, the
fiction-reading world. You can't af
ford to go without it. "The Inner
Shrine," by ?. Formerly published
at $1.50; now FIFTY CENTS, at
Sims Book Store.
"What's the difference between plain
bridge and auction bridge?"
"About a hundred dollars an hour."
I THE MODERN WAY.
"Yes, I had ten children. They all
grew up and married off."
"I suppose It Is lonesome now at
"Oh! no. Every once in awhile one of
them gets a divorce and wanders back."
Business Firms Pushing Orangeburg
to the Front.
Orangeburg is one of the most
promising of the smaller cities of
South Carolina. Her leading busi
ness men and merchants are of that
progresive and enterprising class,
who, bellevdng in their city, are ever
to the forefront in ernest effort to
make Orangeburg the Metropolis of
this section of South Carolina. Be
low we present the names and in
another place brief mention of their
businesses of the Individuals who
ae leading the movement for
iMarchant Music Co.
Ziegler and Dibble.
J. G. Wannamaker.
W. L. Moseley.
J. C. Ransdale.
John T. Wise.
J. A. Cralg.
iR. C. King.
M. O. Dantzler.
F. F. Malpass.
Von Oshen and Smoak.
The Times and Democrat.
Renneker and Riggs.
Sims Book Store.
Wannamaker Smoak and Co.
R. Lewis Berry and Co.
Edisto Savings Bank.
Culler and Salley.
Livingston and Co.
J, E. Glover.
Fairey and Weeks.
Stiles R. Mellichamp.
Orangeburg Repair Shop.
E. N. Scoxille.
J. H. Schacte.
Orangeburg Furniture Co.
E. E. Culler.
Atkinson Furniture Company.
Orangeburg Steam Bakery.
S. A. Blackmon.
H. W.. Stoudenmlre.
R. J. Greene.
H. Spahr and Son.
Orangeburg Lumber & Supply Co.
Home Fertilizer Co.
Liles and Liles. ;
Ayers and Williams.
Boswell Shoe Company.
Dixie Lumber Co.
George V. Ziegler.
Dantzler and Funderburk.
Farmers' Union Bank and Trust
J. W. Smoak.
<W. S. Peterson.
Dodenhoff Electric Co.
Edisto Dry Goods Co.
At present there is a good deal of
speculation as to whether churches
have or have not lost ground
throughout the country. While that
question may not be conclusively an
swered the average man has an idea
that in many communities there is a
superabundance of church organiza
tions; and that if some of these or
ganizations could be merged the re
ligious life and interest of the com
munity would be increased. Certain
it is that an oversupply of churches
in any one place means inefficient
service, weakness and unnecessary
expenditure of time, money and tal
In the matter of population it is
undeniably true that "westward the
star of Empire wends its way." Since
1790 when the center of population
was 23 miles east of Baltimore, the
stream of migration has been so
steady that the census shows that
the center of population is 41-2 miles
west of Unlonville, Indianna. In that
time the center has moved some f>40
miles and through the states of
Maryland, Vrglna, West Virginia
and Ohio into Indiana. This west
ward movement indicates that polit
ical power as represented in Congress
is being transferred from the east
ern states to the west and south.
George O. Baker.
"I want a summer book."
"Oh! no. I have a young man here to
carry it home."
DROVE HIM INSANE.
"What affected this man's mind?"
"He was the manager of an all-star
theatrical troupe and went crazy trying
to give every member a stage floor
dressing-room and the best billboard
WHAT SCARED HIM MOST.
Friend?Are you never frightened when
you make a flight?
Aviator?I had one good scare. Some
one told me the money they were put
ting up for the exhibition was counter
"How much the baby looks like its
"It's only the warm weather. The child
ts usually bright, cheerful and hand
The City of Orangeburg.
Orangeburg, the county seat of Orangeburg County,
is situated on the Edisto River in the very heart of the
rich cotton belt, about 75 miles from the coast. The
1910 census shows that Orangeburg is the fourth cotton
county of South Carolina and one of the leading counties
of the South. Statistics show Orangeburg county to be
second in the United States in the number of individual
farms and it has stood second in the number of bales of
cotton produced annually. The soil, however, is suited
for a variety of crops other than cotton and diversified
farming is very extensively practiced in this section.
Orangeburg is in the centre of the county with a pop
ulation of 6,000, according to the 1910 census. This figure,
however, does not include the suburbs and residents living
beyond the one mile city limit, neither does it include 1,500
Orangeburg is the supply centre for a population of at
least 100,000, who trade here regularly because of its
superior advantages. Her business men are wide-awake,
active, energetic and progressive, and the Chamber of
Commerce urges business enterprises and manufacturing
interests investigate our advantages when seeking loca
FACTS ABOUT OR/YNGEBUR'G.
Number of cotton mills.2
Number of spindles (both mills).20,500
Number of pounds produced annually.2,216,000
Value of annual product.$783,520
Oil Mills, 1, value of annual product.$150,000
Fertilizer Factories, two, value of product.$400,000
Wholesale Drugs, 1, value of annual product .. . .$12,000
Ice Factories, 1, value of annual product.$11,000
Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profits.$503,000
Average amount of deposits daily.$1,5' 10,000
Number of bales of cotton received annually.. ..20,000
Value at present prices.$1,500.000
Value of Cotton Seed marketed annually.$1/15,000
Value of Cow Peas marketed annually.$50,000
Value of Hay, Corn and Oats marketed annually. .$100,000
Value of finished Lumber annually manufactured.$200,000
Value of Live Stock annually received.$200,000
Postal receipts for 1910.$15.683.30
Number of Newspapers....4
Orangcburg is or the main line of the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad and on the Charleston-Asheville Division
of the Southern. There is now being constructed through
local enterprise a railroad from Orangeburg to the Sea
board, seventeen miles distant. When this is completed,
the city will enjoy the advantages of the three big Southern
Systems. Another connecting railroad is being projected.
"The city has a healthful climate, artesian water, an
appropriation for a $60,000 Government building, an ap
propriation for a survey of the Edisto River with a view
cf making it navigable. Orangeburg owns it water works,
sewerage system, Electric light plant?, fire alarm system,
and equipment for four efficient fire companies. Her pub
he schools are the best and she has ten churches within
her limits. The city has free mail delivery and there are
nine rural routes reaching out in various directions. Or
angeburg has the best hotel accomodations in the State.
Business enterprises investing $5,000 or more, are ex
empted from taxation for a period of five years.
Millions of feet of timber are in the section around
Orangeburg, awaiting the opening of the Edisto for nav
igation to be marketed.