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The Pride of the South!
The Jefferson Standard Life Insur
ance Company of Raliegh, N. C.
As strorg and as safe as any company on earth. Ask
the Insurance Department of your State. All legitimate
forms o: policy contracts issued upon as liberal basis as
perfect afety will permit. Any man worthy the name
can carr- some life insurance. Have-you enough?
Cal on or write:
1 LILES AND LILES
Managers for Eastern South Carolina.
Local and I ong Distance Phone 315. Orangeburg, 5. O.
? Jos. G. Brc wn, President; P. D. Gold, Vice President Chas. W.
THE HOME FERTILIZER COMPANY
WANTS TO SHQW EATERY PLANTER IN THIS AND ADJOINING COTJ NTD3S HOW THEY MIX FERTILI
ZERS. ALL WIDE AWAKE PLANTERS OUGHT TO BUY OUR MIXTURES.
Desirab .e unoccupied territory for desirable men.
i Good Goods for Good Money
Howard an I
Plated Wai e.
Fountain P ?ns.
That's the hasls upon which we
solicit your trade.
We have asked you to expect
generous treatment, and we are
going to see that you are not
We think it a pleasure to have
you visit us, even when you
do no more than visit
For it is worth something to us
to have you become better
acquainted with our business.
When you know all there is to
learn you will know there is
no occasion for ever passing
this store in -search of any arti
cle iu our line.
FIRST: Because we do not use any filler
in our mixtures.
SECOND: Because we are Pioneers in
organizing a Home Fertilizer Company with
home capital and financed and managed by
THIRD: Because our goods have been
proved superior by a great number of farm
ers this year.
FOURTH: Because we will not make low
grade goods and are blazing a path of hope
and success for those who buy from us by
giving them pure High Grade Mixtures.
FIFTH: Because we give the same pure
goods to large and small buyers alike.
SIXTH: Because if you have NEW
GROUND, LOW LAND, STIFF CLAY,
SANDY or SOUR LANDS, we make differ
ent mixtures' to suit just such soils.
? SEVENTH: Because 50 Orangeburg
County farmers own stock in this Home Com
pany and they invite you to visit their fac
tory and see for yourselves how honest goods
EIGHTH: Because, Brother Farmers, all
of us already have sand and dirt enough to
spare, and it is time to wake up and stop haul
ing and paying freight on such stuff.
We are thankful for the success we have
made the first season. We promise you as'
good mixtures next season as we gave you this.
FACTORY?Near the Southern Frei ght Depot.
DANTZLER, Pres. and Mgr. R. E. WANNAMAKER, Vice Pres.
MANY CHANGES MADE
BASE BALL PITCHING NOW AND
AS IT USE TO BE. 5
H. SPAHR & SON,
46 W. RUSSELL ST.
ORANGEBURG, S. C
The People's Bank
I Velcor>es TI?e Booster Brigade to ?lloree
With handsome quarters, attractive banking room, fire
proof 1 ault, latest improved time lock safe, a simplified and
up-to-d ite system of keeping records, burglary, fire insur
ance, bended officials, splendid banking connection that facil
itates tie collection of checks, drafts, bills of lading and
other i ems invites the business of the general public and
offers < very protection and courtesy consistent with sound
The difficult thing is often to select what to read. A
person v ho has not the experience necessary to determine a
good boo; by the author's name, or some unfailing sign has to
TRUST TO LUCK ^
I nless he comes to Sims Book Store, where nothing i
kept exce )t books that please. We have just received a ship
mant of opyrighted novels selling at 50 cents. Over five hun
dred titl< s to select from. We will order any book not in
stock at request. We have everything a book store should have.
! SIMS BOOK STOR
MR." COUNTRY MERCHANT:
Just because you live in a town where there is no
new spaper is no reason why you should not advertise.
Thire is some one paper that is read in your town and
sur.ounding vicinity more than any other, and that paper
is CHE TIMES AND DEMOCRAT. Don't take our
word for it. Investigate. Find out.
And when you have found out, write to the man
age: of The Times-and Democrat and let him quote you
rat.rs on an advertising campaign during the fall and
coning spring seasons. Remember THE TIMES AND
DEMOCRAT has about 3,000 subscribers?about twice
the number of any other two papers in Orangeburg coun
Get your share of Orangeburg County's trade. The
wa r to do it, is to advertise in the best medium. IT IS
The Times and Democrat
Formerly the Pitcher Use to Throw
for the Benefit of the Batter But
Now He Doesn't.
The most interesting discovery in
a chase through the rather inaccu
rate and incomplete history of the
national game of baseball is that the
function of the pitcher has been
completely reversed, says an ex
change. It becomes comparatively,
easy, therefore, to answer the ques
tion: "What is the difference be
tween the pitching of today and that
of fifty years ago.
The difference is that the function
of the pitcher fifty years ago was
to toss the ball so as to enable the
batter to hit it. It was a common
thing in those days for sixty or more
runs to be made by each side. The
function of the pitcher today is to
throw the ball where the batter can
not hit it, and to strive to strike him
out. Though the original framers of
the rules were ignorant of the fact
at that time, pitcblng is and always
has been the pivotal point of the
great American game.
It naturally follows that this part
of the science has been afforded the
greatest opportunity for develop
ment. Practically every important
change at the rules in the game has
been aimed at the pitcher. The bat,
the ball, the distance between the
bases and the fundamental rules of
the game have stood for half a cen
tury while the pitching has gone
through s steady grind of evolution.
The history of pitching science can
be divided into four distinct eras:
The day of the underhand toss.
The day of the overhand toss or
The day of the curve ball.
The day of the spit ball.
When the first rules weTe adopted
by the old Knilerbocker club in 1845
the framers did not realize that the
pitcher was to be the pivotal point of
the game. They placed him behind
a line that was forty-five feet from
the batter's box and he was instruct
ed to throw the ball so that the bat
ter could hit it. He could stand at
any place behind the line that he
chose, but to prevent him from
throwing the ball with too mioch
speed he was foroed to deliver It with
an underhand toss. That is to say,
he could not bring his throwing
hand above his waist line.
Under those rules the pitcher was
compelled to deliver fair balls to the
batter and the batter refuse to hit
at them until he got one to his lik
ng. No strikes were called unless
the batter struck at them. An in
stance of the great advantage enjoy
ed by the batter is that In the early
sixties In a game between the Atlan
tics and the Mutuals, Al Smith of the
Mian tics pitched fifty four balls to
McKeever of the Mutuals before a
strike was called. Can you imagine
a thing like that today?
This method of pitching under
handed kept up for many yenrs, un
til several pitchers saw the necessi
ty of lesening the number of runs
ana began to find means of evading
vhe rules so thait they could prevent
the batter fron hitting the ball.
Probably the best of these under
hand pitchers was Tony Bond of Bos
ton and Hartford. He kept Inching
up on the rules until he was throw
ing from a point several inches
above his waist.
That forced" a change in the rules
by which the pitcher was allowed
to throw with an overhand motion
and put as much speed on the ball
as he could. It was then that the
art of pitching really began to de
velop. That is getting a little ahead
of the story, however, for it was in
the days of the underhand toss that
the curve ball was discovered.
In 1867 pitching became recogniz
ed as science. The Charter Oaks
of Hartford, Conn., came to Brook
lyn that year to play ithe Excelsiors
on the Capitoline Grounds, and they
were noted for their 'heavy batting.
The Excelsiors had a young pitcher
named Arthur Cummings, however,
who completely knocked them off
their pedestal. Cummings had dis
covered in practice that by twisting
the ball in the band and spinning it
as it started toward the batter it
would curve in a direction contrary
to the laws of gravitation.
He waited for the arrival of the
Charter Oaks to give this curve a
thorough trial, and when he did start
It the heavy hitteTs were absolutely
helpiess. They could not understand
how a man could cause a ball to
curve, and several of them were so
stubborn over the matter that they
spent the rest of their lives insisting
that it could not be done. Never
theless, Cummings had opened the
way to many pitching discoveries,
and his name went all over the coun
try as a wonderful inventor.
The overhand throw came Into
vogue in the late seventies, but the
pitcher was still hedged around with
restrictions in favor of the batter.
While he was allowed to throw the
ball with great speed, he was com
pelled to throw It at a point indicat
ed by the hitter. In>. other words
the batter could call for ""high ball,"
Of the early overhand pitchers
Asa Brainard of the famous Cincin
nati Red Stockings was probably the
^est exponent. He could throw the
ball at the point indicated by the
batter and still prevent hard hitting
Brainard did not pitch the curve ball,
however, one of his reasons being
that he did not believe In it. Asa
Brainard, by the way, must have
been a striking figure as he went into
the box. He wore a long black beard
that completely covered his face and
hung down to the top button of his
It might occur to the baseball fan
today that it was a good thing that
the old-time pitchers did not have
to slide to bases. A beard full of
dust and gravel could not have been
a very pretty or comfortable affair.
Brainard pitched for the Cincinnati
Reds on their famous tour, wben
they went a whole season without
losing a game. He did not pitch
every game, but would rest every
once in a while and give Harry
Wright the center fielder and chance
pitcher a chance.
The next school of great pitchers,
which came out in the early eighties,
was made up of Johnny Ward, Char
ley Bsdbourne, Jlm( Whitney and
John Clarkson. They were great
pitchers in every way. They had
speed, curves and practically every
thing that is used today. Either of
them would have been a great pitch
er on the diamond of 1911. Many
old players who still take anactlve
interest In the game regard John
Clarkson as the greatest pitcher that
DEFENDS HIS PARDONS.
Blease Advises Farmers Union to Get
Into South Carolina Politics.
A special dispatch to the State
from Lancaster says it is estimated
that fully 5,000 people attended the
annual reunion of the Confederate
veterans and the Farmers' Union ral
ly picnic at Heath Springs Thursday,
nothing occurring to mar the pleas
ure of the two events.
Prominent veterans spoke and
Gov. Blease made an address. There
was nothing unusual or sensational
about the Governor's remarks He
eulogized the veterans, advised the
Farmers' Union to go Into politics,
defended his exercise of the pardon
ing power and reiterated his well
known views as to the negro rapist.
The governor was well received
and liberally cheered. ?? Somebody in
the audience cried, however, "Hur
rah for Featherstone." ?
The New York World is getting
ready to bolt the Democratic ticket
next year as 'Mr. Bryan predicted it
Chase of the Dollar.
No people niore dilllgently chase
after the almighty dollar than those
who live in these United States. Very
little decency is shown in this coun
try when dollars and cents are con
cerned. A short time ago several
actors were engaged at Brady's Pond,
S taten Island, to enact for a moving
picture concern a melodrama, in
which the hero plunges from a cliff
into the water to rescue the heroine
batling with the villain in the boat
The actor, who played the part of the
hero, was a good swimmer and made
the dive beautifully, but was caught
in the quicksand at the bottom of the
pond and was drowned. All the time
the film of the camea was reeled off
and the scenes of the only too realis
tic drama were thus perpetrated on
the strip. Now the concern In whose
service the actor lost his life wide
ly advertising the film which depicts
the death leap of the victim of sensa
War Cloud Blows Over.
The end of the Moroccan trouble
between Germany and France is in
sight. Jules Cambon, the French
ambassador at Berlin, and Major von
Klderlen-Waechter, the German for
eign secretary, Friday found a com
mon ground of settlement on general
lines, though the details remain to
be worked out.
Brought Good Price.
Manager McGraw of New Yorh
Giants, has purchased Pitcher John
Ferrell from the Spartanburg club
In the Carolina Association for $3,.
000 according to a statement giver
out Thursday by the Spartanburg
baseball management. The price Is
the highest ever paid for a player
from this league.
Turns up at Last.
Cable advices from Australia an
nounce that the schooner Espada
from Aberdeen for Sydney which was
supposed to have been lost at ser
has arrived at her destination. The
Espada lost her mlzzen-mast and
nearly all sails and was leaking bad
ly. She had been unreported for
Thtre sems to be a scarcity of in
ternational marrl?aes just now at
which good American gold Is ex
changed for empty titles. Does it
mean that American society girls
are getting more sensible or is It
that the supply of Impecunious no
bles is running short. Whatever the
reason, no sensible person will re
gret the scarcity of such alliances.
THE HOUSE OF McNAMARA
Can You Equal This Ar
ray of Talent That Will Select
Your Fall and Winter Goods
at the Progressive KOHN Store
The giving of good service is the best way of
boosting any business. Given this plus intelli
gent salespeople there is no wonder that our
trade comes to us from several counties.
KOHN'S will absolutely be headquarters this
Fall for all that is new and stylish in women's
and children's wear. We are sending-to New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore the following
staff of buyers and department heads to see that
you are outfitted a little better than any other
store can do for - you. Just memorize that fact
The Buyers Who Are Tak
ing Care of You:
MR. SOL KOHN needs no introduction to the
trade. His best efforts will be given to selecting
what you like. The long experience he has had
will make your purchases doubly safe.
MISS MAMIE O'CAIN?from her long exper
ience as a fine judge of goods and her sterling
business knowledge will be able to select just what
is right for our trade. You will be glad to note
that she can advise you exactly this season of
the newest styles as she sees them.
MISS ADELINE KOHN?her splendid exper
ience will surely come in very well in the selection
?of the new millinery and dress goods as well as[
coat suits. The customers know her style ideas
MRS. $OL KOHN will assist on this buying trip.
She will not only advise as to Orangeburg needs
but can fill in as to the Southern styles. Her
home is in Atlanta and she will visit there before
her return?thereby getting the new ideas.
MISS ROSALIE BARTON will select the mil
linery as usual. You can rely on her judgment.
In this important deparment you will be glad to
know that someone is looking out for you.
Fall goods are arriving daily. Mr. Kahn
weiler has bought the newest styles in shoes and
slippers and will be glad to give his personal at
tention to your needs. Why not call and see the
new arrivals? He will gladly show you.
Ayers & Williams
Would like to got in touch with
all prospective builders. We carry a
large stock of doors, sashes and
blinds on hand and all builders sup
plies. Guarantee our material and
will meet all competition.
Our field seeds?oats, rye, barley,
rape and vetch?are all tested as to
soundness and purity before offering
to our trade.
Ayers & Williams
This coming fall will be in a much better position to take care of their fast growing business. Thanks
to our many friends who have spent their money with us, for you have made it possible for us to
do bigger and better tilings. We have bought more goods and more goods of the better kind.
The kind that has made the name of McNAMARA stand for good clothes in every home in Orange
burg County, where good clothes are worn.. We started this business with a determination of
making it a success, and we know the only way to make a business successful is through honest
treatment. This we have tried our best to do. We want to thank all for their very liberal pa
tronage, and now on the eve of our fourth year, we want all of our old friends and one thousand
new ones to come and see the magnificent line of men and boy's wearing apparel we will show this
fall. Remember we make a specialty of outfitting vour boy for college, and we put the kind of
Clothes on him AT A SMALL COST that he will'be proud to wear. Once a McNAMARA cus
tomer, always a McNamara customer. Come where you can get good, honest new goods and the
most intelligent service.
THE HOUSE OF McNAMARA
Without getting our prices and seeing
our complete line of
Lumber, Laths, Shingles
Our motto is: "High Grades, Prompt
Service, Reasonable Prices."
Corner Dukes Avenue and Barton St.
Local and Long Distance Phone 442. ORANGEBURG, S. C.