Newspaper Page Text
Aunal Rennioa Eid >d Io Celcm^
They Endorse The Bill Passed By
Last Legislature (j Prevent Pen
sion Evils, "Except ng That Portion
Requiring to Appointment of an
The veterans at th sir business ses
sion Wednesday in Columbia took up
the matter of pensions, and discus
sions of the subjec; consumed the
greater part of the n ornlng. At the
last session of the legislature it will
he remembered a bill was introduced,
the object of which was to correct
the evils of the presc at pension laws.
Gen. C. Irvine Walke-, at the request
of Gen. Teague, divii ion commander,
appeared before the legislature and
presented the matte ? to the proper
committees and sug jested those re
medies which it wa i deemed would
The bill, however was continued
from the last session and Thursday
those changes whicl had been pro
posed were dlscuss? d by veterans,
and a resolution w* 3 introduced by
Col. T. J. Moore of doore to the ef
fect that the veteran. 1 of South Caro
lina approve the revi ed bill and urge
its <?arly passage by the legislature.
These resolutions we *e passed except
ing that portion whi h refered to the
appointment of a p msion inspector
for South Carolina.
Gen. Moore's resol utlon flnaly read
"Whereas, There vas presented at
the last session of he legislature a
bill whose objects w> re to cure many,
if not all, of the evl s of the present
pension laws and ei able our deserv
ing comrades and th > widows of such
to secure a larger auount of pension
Whereas, This bill was presented
by our division cor mander for the
veterans of South ( arolina; and
"Whereas, At tl 3 division com
mander's request (en. Walker ex
plained the bill to th/3 proper commit
tees of the senate an 1 house, securing
from each of said committees unani
mously favorable rt ports; and
"Whereas, The bf 1 was continued
. .to the next session, .here not having
been time for cons deration at th
last session; there'-Yre be it
"Resolved, first, 1 hat the veterans
of South Carolina, Ja convention as
sembled, do approvi the bill so pre
sented, excepting 1 hat portion re
ferring to the appoii tment of Inspect
?rs and urge upon t ie legislature its
passage as early ?: the session as
"Second, That we approve the ac
tion of our comman ter in presenting
the bill and in securi ig the assistance
of Gen. Walker to advocate the same
before the commits e.
j "Third, that the adjutant general
is directed on the 1 ssembling of the
next legislature to urnish each and
every members cop; of this preamble
and these resolutio> s.
"Fourth, That tt 3 following com
mittees are appointed to urge the pas
sage of the bill: In the senate, W.
L. (Mauldin, E. W. ? ullivan and J. H
Wharton, and we r quest the valued
co-operation of Sem tors Huger, Sink
ler and Neils Chri iten^en; for the
house, W. E. Jame , S* T. McKeown
and John P. Harmo 1, and we request
the valued assistar.ee of Col.W. W.
DIxon, chairman, ard members of the
military committee of the house."
When the pensio:. matter was first
brought up at the r ieeting Gen. Wal
ker, at the requ?at of Gen. Teague,
put the subject clea ly before the vet
erans, explaining t ie present condi
tions, which seem Id need correcting
and the presentii g the proposed
means of corroctio 1. The State in
trusts to the veteians the distribu
tions of its yearly 1 ension appropria
tion of $250,000, and the pension
board, composed oi veterans, is anx
ious that safeguar Is be supplied to
prevent its unwort iy apportionment,
so that the desen ing veterans and
widows of veteran; may come into
their full rights.
One of the proposed changes urg
ed that there should be an inspector
to visit all parts oi the State and to
verify all applicati >ns, the salary for
the office to be fixe 1 at $1,800. This
brought out an anount of discussion
pro and con,and se .-eral lively speech
es fere made on b >th sides. Finally
Col. Moore introdt ced his resolution,
which the convent on laid on the ta
Gen. Walker th< n moved to Insert
the phrase, "excerdng that a portion
referring to the ippointment of an
inspector and the resolution thus re
vised, passed unanimously.
The election of ( filters was another
important part of .he business of the
morning. Col. Ci jech of the second
brigade took the c lair when the nom
ination for divisio 1 commander were
in order. Gen. 31. H. Teague was
promptly nominated and was unani
mously reelected 0 the office by ac
clamation. The .eneral stepped to
the front and Iii a simple way thank
ed the veterans for the honor which
they had bestowe.. and for their in
dorsement of bis administration. He
then returned to the chair and the
election proceeded W. R. Brooks and
Frank Creech b 'ing unanimously
elected to the re ipectlve commands
of the first and s icond regiments.
The veterans d< cided at this meet
1$ *?-P WILL CANCEL CONTRACT
- 0 *o ^UES OP READERS.
Said to Contain Language Offenste
to the South and Her Cause.?7*" e
Boards Meets Monday.
At their recent reunion in Colum
bia the South Carolina Confederate
Veterans put on record as protesting
against one of the school books re
cently adopted by the State board of
education. Gen. U. R. Brooks made
a stirring speech, setting forth tue
objectionable points in the "Heart of
?ak" reader and the old veteraas
with cheers voted "aye" to the mo
tion to adopt the following resolu
tions of Col. Brooks.
"Whereas, The Heart of Oak read
ers, recently adopted for the use in
the public schools of this State, con
tain on page 227 of the fourth book
a selection that refers to the Southern
army at Shiloh as "a dark rebellious",
"Whereas, we, the United Confed
erate veterans of South Carolina thus
assembled, believe that the principies
and truths for which we fought are
just as vital today as they were when
we left them with our lives and for
"Whereas, we further believe that
the books taught in our free school
system, where alone our children
have an opportunity to learn those
truths, should be free from any as
persion of misrepresentation, either
by direction or indirection;
"Therefore, be it resolved: That
we most seriously protest against the
use of the above named readers and
respectfully but earnestly call upon
the State board of education to take
immediate steps whereby readers or
any other books reflecting upon ?,e.
truth of the cause for which we
fought may not be forced upon our
Governor Blease said Thursday af
ternoon that at the meetin? in Col
umbia of the State hoard of eduuv
tion on August 28 he would a k the
board in view of the aqt'ou of the
South Carolina Division. United Con
federate Veterans, to cancel the five
year contract recently made for the
"Heart of Oak" readers, to be used
in the public schools of the State.
The Veterans allege one reader, at
least, of the "Heart of Oak" series
contain language which refers im
properly to the cause for whirm they
Governor Biease said he had no
idea such a statement as that printed
was in any of the books adopted, tuis
reference being to a selection in one
of the4 'Heart of Oak" readers, which
is said to refer to the Confederates
at Shiloh as "a dark, rebellious host."
Governor Blease further stated that
if he had known such a "libel upon
the South" was printed in any book
adopted by the board he would then
and there have registered his protest.
He said that his attitude was well
known in this matter by his stand in
the Waddy Thompson history contro
versy. The Governor also stated that
he was not present when the readers
were adopted by the State board of
education, being called out of the city
at the time.
"I will bring the matter to the re
tention of the board at its meeting
here on the 28th," concluded the
Governor, "and I will use my influ
ence to the end that the contract with
the firm be cancelled."
It was stated that the meeting on
the 28th is called to consider pro
tests from publishing companies, a:ad
to hear appeals from the several
counties as to school matters. The
Governor has a formai protest from
one of the publishing houses as to the
interpretation of the contract with
Large Inheritance Tax.
A dispatch from St. Paul, Minn.,
says UIts. Russell Sage will be re
quired by Attorney General 'Simpson
and Assistant Attorney General
Weeks to pay an inheritance tax
on all her Minnesota lands held un
der contracts of sale It is believed
the tax will amount to nearly S600,
Endorsed Dr. Wiley.
A resolution commending Dr. Wil
ey for his work In connection wlbh
the pure food and drug laws was
adopted Thursday by the State Con
vention of the Patriotic Order Sons
of America, in annual session. A
resolution was also passed favoring
a law to restrict immigration.
Fractured Skull Fatal.
After living six clays with his skull
fractured In two places and his neck
broken, Henry Harrell, who fell from
an engine at Sanford, Fla., last Wed
nesday, died at Waycross, Pa.. Tues
day. In an effort to pave his life
physicians put his head and should
ers in a plaster cast.
ing that at future reunions the pa
rade shall take place on the first in
stead of the second day, and a reso
lution to this effect was introduced
by Col. Wharton and adopted by '.he
veterans. The old soldiers are al
ways tired out by the afternoon of
the second day and many are unable
to undergo the additional fatigue of
a march. The matter of the next
place for the reunion was brought up
during the morning and an Invitation
to Orangeburg was extended by a de
legate from that town. However, it
was decided to leave the matter op
en that further inviLations may be
extended later through Gen. Teague.
A LONG FLIGHT
Atwood Flies In Aeroplane Frcm St.
Loots to New York.
ELEYEN DAYS IN THE AIR
After Having Flown 1,240 Miles He
Is Forced to Land Twenty-five
Miles From New York on Account
of Engine Trouble, but Will Com
plete His Journey,,
Another delay incident to aviation
brought disappointment to thousands
of people along the lower Hudson
river and in New York city Thursday,
when Harry N. Atwood, in his record
breaking aeroplane flight from St.
Louis, failed to sail over New York
and land at Sheepshead Bay, but in
stead, on account of a defect in his
engine, was compelled to land at
Nyack, within 25 miles of his desti
nation. Atwood expect's to resume
his trip and In one hour finish the
longest aeroplane flight ever achiev
Atwood is 1,240 miles from St.
Louis and 25 miles from the neart
of New York. His flying time for
the distance covered in eleven days
is 27 hours and 45 minutes. Despite
his failure to reach New York, the
day's sail of 109 miles down the Hud
son gave Atwood, by 76 miles, the
world's long distance record, former
ly held by European aeronauts.
His flight down the Hudson was
full of picturesque incidents. He
covered the 109 miles from Castleton,
where he ascended at 7:36 a. m., to
Nyack, where he made his final land
ing at 11.33 a. m., in an actual fly
lug time of two hours, and 37 minu
tes. After the start from Castleton,
one hour and three minutes brought
him over Kingston, opposite Rhine
eliff, which marked his having sur
passed by 13 miles the previous world
long distance record of 1,164 miles.
Further down Atwood dropped so
near the water as to be able to shout
to the passengers on a ferry boat. At
that point he approached the Pough
keepsie bridge and swooping still
lower went under it at a height of
only 100 feet above water.
His explanation of his failure to
land at West Point, where the parade
grounds were covered with officers,
cadets and citizens, was that he found
the space allotted to bim too .ham
After sailing low enough to look
over the prospect he rose again, sail
ed over the river and landed at Gar
rison, where no one was waiting to
greet him. At 11.05 a. m. Atwood
started again, purposing to make his
last dart for Sheepshead Bay and
thus complete the trip. But he had
not gone far when he discovered that
the bearing-metal of his engine had
worn away and the mechanism was
Twenty-eight minutes after his last
start and when only 25 miles out of
New York he decided to descend. At
wood was working Thursday night on
the broken engine of his aeroplane.
Close as this is to the finish of his
flight from St. Louis, the young avia
tor said he faces the most embarras
sing predicament of his journey.
His biplane is In an awkward box,
out of which he says only a south
or southeast wind can help him. It
rests near a hay stack on the small
sloping meadow, 150 feet above the
Hudson and about 2,000 yards from
the water. Almost behind him Is
the rocky Hook mountain, rising S00
feet and to the South and east tall
trees make it a difficult place to take
"It is the worst I have had since
leaving St. Louis," he said. "I could
only climb out of here against a
southerly or easterly breeze."
He frankly admitted disappoint
ment over his Ill-luck. "I shall work
here all night," he continued, "fix
ing 'the engine. The trouble is a
broken babbit on the connecting rod.
I have sent to the Nyack machine
shop for a new casting and I'll be
ready to fly just as soon as the wind
blows right." i
Atwood announced that he will not
attempt to fly from New York to
Boston after reaching the metropolis.
"I'm too tired," he said, "for a long
er trip now."
Native Cliarlestonian Dead.
The Rev. Dr. Edward O. Clavius
Flagg, said to have been New York's
oldest preacher, is dead at his home
there. He was born at Charleston,
S. C, eighty-six jears ago, and wsu?<
for fifteen years assistant rector at
Grace Church, from which he resign
ed years ago. His latter days
were devoted to composing poems
and delivering lectures.
Cork Leg Nearly Drowns.
William Green's cork leg came
very near being the death of him at
Lynn, Mass Tuesday night. Green
got beyond his depth while bathing
and his artificial limb was so bouyant
that his other leg flew into the air
and his head was forced under water.
He was saved by a college girl who
was out boating with a young man.
Five Thousand Men Strike.
Three Thousand workmen were
called out on strike Monday at Chic
ago by the Associated Building
Trades. Two thousand building
trades workmen who have been em
ployed at the Argo plant of the Corn
Products Refining company will not
return to work also.
G, S. C, SATURDAY, AUGU
VISIT WOODROW WILSON
IMPORTANT POLITICAL DISCUS
SIONS WITH HIM.
Upon the Adjournment of Congress
Democratic Statesmen Are Jour
neying Toward Jersey Coast.
Has another Woodrow Wilson
boom for the presidential nomination
started in earnest? With the ending
of the extra session of congress there
has been a long procession of Dem
ocratic statesmen headed northward
from Washington in the direction of
the Jersey coast.
Even the uninitiated have marked
the flight and have wondered what
It meant. Wondering, they have
come to the conclusion that these mi
gratory folk have gone up to the
coast for the purpose of resting at
the seashore and getting a whiff of
the 6ea breezes, with now and then
? swim in the old ocean. But this
is not the case. Democratic senators
and members of the house like the
Jersey coast just as other folks do,
but they are not headed there at
this season of the year just for the
sake of enjoying the delights of the
seaside. Careful scouting will re
veal that a lot of these Democratic
congressional folk are headed for
Spring Lake, N. J., which is much
frequented by Gov. Woodrow Wilson.
Gov. Wilson Is making a point of
spending a good deal of time each
week at the seashore, and he will
meet the Democratic members of con
gress who are stopping along the Jer
sey coast to rest in the course of their
homeward flight from Washington.
It is hardly necessary to say that
some large politics will be played in
It will, of course, be presidential
politics. Senator Stone, of Missouri,
is one of the big Democrats who is
reported to be going home by way
of the Jersey coast But Senator
Stone is not an avowed Wilson sup
porter. With Gov. Folk and Champ
Clark in the the race he can not
well be that. Rut Gov. Wilson knows
that "Gumshoe Bill" is one of the
ablest and most astute politicians in
the Democratic party.
It is significant of the strength of
the Wilson presidential boom that
the New Jersey Governor is luring
to the Jersey coast some of the
strongest and ablest politicians on
the Democratic side of the house and
Senate. Other Democratic politicians
are finding their way there.
It is well known there that the ut
most effort is being put forward to
lay the foundations of the Wilson
boom in such a manner that it will
be hard work to upset it when the
storms of the coming national con
vention period begin to break. This
is not all.
The third meeting- of the house of
governors, which will bring together
governors from all over the country,
will be held at Spring Lake Septem
ber 16. Gov. Wilson will meet the
Governors, put in much time with
them and become better acquainted
with them. Under cover of discus
sions of the "twilight zone" between
federal and State power, there doubt
less will be consideration of the 1912
Two Factors of National Association
of Food Department.
Rival factions, supporters of Jas.
Wilson, secretary of agriculture, and
those who stand or fall with Dr. Wil
ey in the Wilson-Wiley controversy
recently under investigation at Wash
ington, developed in the convention
of the National Association of Food
and Dairy Departments In Duluth.
Minn. Within an hour after the ap
pearance of the dispute on the con
vention floor two slates were formed
for the principal officers of the asso
ciation. The two slates follow:
Wiley Slate?For President, P.
Urown, Tennessee; for secretary, R.
L. Allen, Kentucky; executive com
mittee, C. D. Wood, Maine; H. E.
Barnard, North Carolina.
Wilson Slate?For President, W.
H. Cutter, Missouri; for secretary,
J. B. Newman, Illinois; executive
At the same time, it is said, a de
termined fight will be made by the
Wiley followers for other offices.
In a telegram 20 Wiley men address
ed President Taft and members ofj
the Wiley congressional investigation
committee in behalf of Dr. Wiley.
The telegram, it is said, commends
Dr. Wiley's long service in the gov
Arrested After Nine Years.
After evading arrest since October
22, 1902, on which date he is alleged
to have killed Charles Ellen, in Har
nett County, North Carolina, Zaeh
Marks was arrested Thursday in Sm
ta Rosa county, Florida, wfcere he
sewed at one time as deputy s'ieriff,
later as postmaster at Gattis. a vil
lage named from T. Z. Gattis, his al
ias, and where also he became a
successful naval stores operator.
A man named Pruett of Hender
sonville was killed and a woman and
one other members of the party of
four, touring to Greer from Hender
sonville, were hurt, when Pruett lost
control of his automobile, between
Sandy Flat and Locus, Greenville
county, early Tuesday, the heavy car
running into an embankment and
ST 26, 1911.
Woman's Atsaillant Borneo' at Stake 3d
Oklahoma by Iafariated Mob
CONFESSED HIS GUILT
Thonsands View Gruesome Spectacle
in Main Street of Purcell, Follow
ing Capture of Man Who Attack
ed Farmer's Wife and Sought to
Hide Crime by Firing House.
While 3,000 men, women and chil
dren stood by shouting their approv
al, Peter Carter, a negro, who had
previously been captured by three
members of his own race and iden
tified as the man who last Wednes
day night attacked Mrs. Minie Sprag
gins, wife of a farmer, was burned
to death on a brush pile, in the main
street of Purcell, at five o'clock on
Deputy Sheriff Hayes and Under
Sheriff Farris, who attempted to res
cue the negro from the crowd, were
overpowered and locked in the Court
Mts. Spraggins was assaulted while
alone In her home, one mile south of
Purcell. After the deed the negro
set fire to the Spraggins home. .Mrs.
Spraggin's husband saw the flames
while working in the fields and rush
ed into the house in time to rescue
his wife. She declared Carter, who
formerly worked on the Spraggin's
farm, had attacket her.
Officers went to Carter's home and
arrested him. He was turned over
to a constable, but on the way to
jail escaped. When it became known
that the negro was free, farmers of
the neighborhood organized a posse
and an all-night search was made.
The negro was net found.
Thursday afternoon Hingley Hen
ry, a negro janitor, noticed a strange
negro riding^ under a box car near
the Oklahoma Central Railway sta
tion. With the aid of two other ne
groes, who had armed themselves,
the negro Janitor pulled Carter from
beneath the car. He was then taken
to the main street of Purcell, where
a great crowd had gathered.
"Turn that negro over to me,"
said a tall farmer, who suddenly
seemed to assume command of the
The janitor and his two aides obey
ed. Carter vsas taken across . the
street and in an instant many men
and boys were gathered. At this
juncture Deputy Sheriff Hayes and
Under Sheriff Farris arrived and
pleaded with the mob to turn the
prisoner over to them. The Sheriff
and his assistant were locked up and
the negro was led out and placed on
an oil-soaked brush heap, built
around a telephone pole. He was
tied to the pole and the torch applied.
Cheers came from the crowd as the
flames licked the victim's face, and
men and women in motor cars wat
ched him die. As he was lashed to
the pole the negro shrieked for mer
cy. After the flames died down the
crowd slowly dispersed. The negro's
body was burned to a crisp.
Mrs. Spraggins, who Is not ex
pected to live, said Carter entered
her home and struck her on the head
with a revolver, beating her until she
was unconscious. An old mattress
was torn up and scattered over her
body. After the negro had set the
mattress on fire he fled. As Mrs.
Spraggins was crawling from under
the fire the negro then re-appeared
and again struck her with a pipe,
breaking her jaw and beating her
badly. Her husband, rushing to the
house, rescued his wife, unconscious.
In a few minutes more she would
have been dead.
The pile of wood and brush on
which the negro's body was burned
was still smouldering at ten o'clock
Thursday night. The town was very
quiet. The cheers of the crowd,
when the first flames shot up, min
gled with the piercing cries of the
nepro, and after the fire had burn
ed for an hour and the body was noth
ing but a crisp, the crowd again
cheered. Then it dispersed.
While the majority of those who
gathered about to witness the black
man's death were men, there were
many women in the crowd.
A remarkablee feature of the af
fair .was that while the crowd wasi
determined upon the death of the ne-|
gro, It was far more quiet than us
ual under similar conditions. Not a
shot was fired. The escape of the
negro, following his arrest, seemed
to add to the fury of the searchers
for the black man.
Talk about town, following the
lynching, bears the message of the
negro that he was "the right man."
As whispered from lip to lip, come a
brief confession, made as he was led
to his funeral pyre.
A Spanking Edict.
Four boys between 12 and 1 ">
years of age were spanked by order
of the children's court at New York
Tuesday night for rowdyism on a
subway train. The court appointed
its interpreter, Manuel Weinberg, to
see that the spanking was done in a
businesslike manner. He administer
ed to ea'-h one of the culprits 12
lashes with a breech strap shredded
to 12 ribbons of leather at the end.
The whipping was sufficiently severe,
according to an official of the chil
dren's society,to prevent any of the
quartette frow sitting down for two
PROUD OF DEMOCRATS
SENATOR TILLMAN PRAISES THE
WORK OF PARTY.
They Have Not Made Mistakes and
Have Fine Chance to Elect Next
"I am proud of '?.he way the Demo
crats conducted themselves," said
Senator Benjamin Ryan Tillman at
Columbia Wednesday morning in
speaking of the session of Congress
just ended. Senator Tillman came to
Columbia from Trenton, and imme
diately boarded another train for
Liberty Hill in Kershaw county,
where he goes to spend a few days
with Railroad Commissioner John G.
Richards. The Senator was accom
panied by 'Mrs. Tillman.
When asked about the the Demo
crats at this session, the Senator said
that he was proud of his colleagues
and the way in which they had con
ducted themselves, not having made
any serious mistakes. The Senator
had not been present at this session
owing to the condition of his health,
he having been advised to remain at
home in Trenton on the farm. He
wai paired on all matters, and gave
his colleagues notice that if he were
needed at any time they should wire
Senator Tillman was asked if the
situation as to the Democratic nomi
nee possibility for President had clar
ified any, or if there were Etill that
"o^arasment dee rlohes," about
which he spoke the last time he stop
ped over in Columbia. The Senator
simply replied: "No, I cannot say
that the situation is any clearer
r.ow." The Senator says that the
Democrats have euch good material
from which to select a Democratic
nominee for the Presidency. The
Senator has made known his belief
that the Democrats have a fine
chanca at the coming election.
In view of the visit of the old Vet
erans to this city, Senator Tillman
was asked whether he thought the
South should accept at the hands of
Congress a monument to the Confed
erate navy, a bill for which has been
introduced into Congresss. There is
In the Vlcksburg National Park a
monument to the Federal navy. This
monument will soon be dedicated.
The dedication has been postponed
owing to the introduction of the bill
as to a Confederate navy monument.
Some of the Southern Senators and
Representatives objected to the use
of Federal funds fcr a Confederate
On this point Senator Tillman said,
"Yes, I would favor the erection of
such a monument. I cannot see why
we should not take anything from
the Congress that will show that the
North is ?Rilling to do a little justice
to the South. I cannot see why a
monument should be be refused when
we have accepted the gravestones.
In the park where the monument
would oe erected are "markers" on
the graves of Confederates showing
the rank of the deceased soldiers. It
was to these gravestones that Sen
ator Tillman referred.
Of State politics Senator Tillman
did not talk, for there was little op
portunity. He and Dr. Babcock
spoke for a few moments of the work
done by Commissioner Watson itt his
crusade against spoiled grain, espec
ially corn meal, and the Senator ap
peared to be very much interested.
Dr. Babcock said that much of the
meal was in very bad shape. This
led to a brief discussion of pellagra
and of its relation to the spoiled
MILLS SHUT DOWN.
Two in Anderson County Stopped
Because Water Is Low.
Two of the largest cotton mills in
upper Carolina, the Anderson and
Orr plants of Anderson, were forced
to shut down Thursday afternoon be
cause of the very low stage of water
in the river there. Reports from sev
eral parts of the Piedmont district of
?juth Carolina indicate that the
drought and resulting fall off in the
water stage in several rivers and
streams are forcing manufacturers
to run on half time. Power plants
on the Savannah and Tugaloo rivers
are now producing only 4,000 horse
power?just half the normal, and
unless conditions improve it is said
they may close altogether.
iCreeks and wells in the vicinity
of Anderson have failed so that the
authorities are now facing the prob
lem of keeping up the drinking wat
Sailors Get Supplies.
Before the battleship Kansas
j leaves New Yor.k again each of the
I 1,000 men in its rrew will be given
la complete set of needles, thread and
darning yarn, buttons and other arti
cles by the Women's Christian Tem
perance Union of Kansas.
Ragged Old Man Rich.
A man apparently SO years old.
decrepit and ragged, who has been
wandering around the. streets for
se'.er^i days, was taken to the Chi
cago zvenue police station Tuesday,
where $7,000 was found on hi? per
Killed and Injured by Explosion.
Two Italians were killed and six
probably fatally wounded at Middles
boro, Ky., Wednesday in an explo
sion of dynamite at Bonham, Harlan
county, at the works of the Wiscon
sin Steel Company.
TWO CENTS PER COPY.
Cuban People See Government Ran En
tirely B> Graft.
May Be Made Necessary by iJie Unit
ed States If the Cuban Govern
ment Does Not Reform.?Cuba
Knows That this Means Final Oc
cupation of the Island.
If the United StateB intervenes In
Cuba again, it will be because of the
continuance of the grafting practices
of the Cuban officials. A wave of
political unrest Is sweeping over
Cuba. So great is the discontent
throughout the island, that the peo
ple are loath to wait for political
relief until the coming elections.
Cuba is tired of graft. Instead of
having $30,000,000 in the treasury,
as it had at the beginning of the
Gomez regime, the government now
owes over $50,000,000, which is a
considerable sum to be on the wrong
side of the balance sheet of a coun
try so small as Cuba. The people,
and they are expressing themselves
more vehemently daily, put this great
deficit down to political graft.
The people, today, in speeches, in
cafe talks, in communications to cer
tain advanced papers, the editors of
which are bemig hounded by the
government, repeat that they cannot
and will not stand much more of this
wholesale graft, which Is putting the
country so far in debt it will take
years of economy to pull it out of
Grafting of a very coarse and un
refined character permeates all Cu
ban officialdom to such an ertent that
in order to get a bill paicl of $300
owed by the government for a small
engineering job, the American con
tractor had to pay $65. When a
Cuban speaks of graft/he never fails
to mention President Gomez. He
asks these questions:
"How has President Gomez, on a
small salary, put away in his own
name several million dollars? How
is Presiuent Gomez able to build a
$500,000 home on the Prado? How
is It that two cabinet officers have
resigned after becoming independent
ly wealthy in a short time In office?
How Is it that all foreign business is
more or lees held up by the officials,
who demand and receive graft there
Such questions ?.s above are con
stantly on the tongues of the decent,
people of Cuba. So grave has the
situation become, that, if decency lib
governmental circles does not soon,
assert itself, trouble will ensue. The;
rlghit-tbinking citizens of Cuba real
ize fully that, if the United States
steps in to settle Cuban matters
again, the United States will stay on
The Cubans reason that the United
States will not consent to spend 20
ot 30 millions every few years to set
Cuba about face. Realizing this, the
people today are extremely anxious
to oust the Gomez party and to get
the republic on a sound basis, be
fore intervention is necessary.
The government has just voted
$33,000,000 to improve Havana har
bor and to build much needed docks,
so that lighterage will be no longer
necessary. The people of Cuba see
in this move a chance for millions
of the Gomez type of graft and that,
under the existing government, the
Havana improvements will cost near
er $60,000,000 than $33,000,000.
Cuba is not a pcor country. Its
revenues are fairly large. The port
of Havana produces daily about $65,
000 in customs duties alone. The
national lottery produces over $250,
000 a month. The tonnage of the
port of Havana amounts to over a
million dollars a year.
These are just a few of the sources
of income in Havana alone, and
there are other smaller ports where
millions of dollars a year are taken
in customs and tonnage dues. The
total income of the Cuban govern
ment last, month was $3,677,489.32;
the total expenses for the same month
$3,685,946.03; making a deficit of
The Cubans are asking where PIT
this money has gone to, and the only
answer they receive is: "Into the
pockets of the Gomez party." The fi
naces of the country are in such a
wretched state that the credit or
Cuba abroad is practically wiped out,
and the merchants, who are accus
tomed to receive goods on long credit
are being requested to sen* money
with further orders.
The merchants blame the present
government for the existing state of
affairs, and are expecting within the
next few months a radical expres
sion of lack of confidence in the
Gomez regime by way of a revolu
Endorses New Orleans Plan.
The Memphis Cotton Exchange
went on record Thursday as opposed^
to hhe proposed establishment of a
clearing house in New York for the
validation of cotton bills of lading.
The substitute plan suggested by the
New Orleans Cotton Excha-age was
Patent to Carolinian.
Will Stevenson, of Dennettsville,
has been granted a patent lor a ro
tary explosive engine by the U. S.
Patent Office at Washington.