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Co To scjfocu
(VERY insti ution of any age not
only hono -s Its traditions, but
also prese: vea with little vary
ing changes its customs and
usages which a-e among its distin
guishing teatun s. This is true of
educational lust tut ions, and particu
larly of the German universities. Of
tbs latter Heide berg?old Heidelberg
?stands out supremely interesting in
Its historic lore and in those pranks
*nd trials of physical endurance and
cklll, which are practically the same
today as two centuries ago. These
distinctive characteristics, together
v/lth its well merited reputation for
training! mind an l body, has made this
time-honored urlverelty not only the
pride of many generations of Germans,
but likewise the pride of generations
of other national rties. Every phase of
the German boy b education seems to
?differ from our own. yet the univer
sities of both nitlons have sent out
grand, good mm who have made
names for thems dvea and whose work
has benefited h jmanlty. The rules
end regulations, the faculty and the
mode of housing the students are like
wise different fr< m our own. At Hei
delberg especial: >? Is this true, and as
the .greatest, sti teamen in Germany-'
have been stud' nts at this splendid
?scat of learning it serves as the best |
?example of German university iife.
The peculiar t fe of the universities,
their peculiar re atlon to the state and
??he different par :s of the country from
?which the studa: its come have made a
?court of justice necessary. The unl
vorsity laws ha 'e been approved by
the government and are rigidly car
fled out. Gambling Is forbidden, duel
ing under certal 1 forms, breaking the
peace, drunkenness and secret combi
nations of students. For acts against
the academical laws police officers and
"beadles are maintained. Lhe chief!
tcadlc, who is usually cordially hated
by the students may make an arrest
without a warrant, but he must-make
the announceow nt at once. A Jail Is
provided In ?he upper part of one of
tho university buildings, where the
For the Best
K TIL 5 How/?K\ Hit
yfoONCf &6A5TS, THAT A
'Child otMirtxrAMx ?fc
\ beadle also lives. This Is known as
the Career and Is secured with Iron
I grating. The furniture consists of a
"bed. a small table and a wooden chair.
!The different apartments have borne |
the same name* for two hundred
I years?Solitude, Bellevue. r.ecreatlon
[and The Hole. The last named is a
dark room where those who have dis
turbed the peace at night are con
fined. The Imprisoned students are
ur.der the care of the beadle, who sup
plies them with food while they are
serving the term of Imprisonment. For
several days the prisoner must remain
in the room; later he may attend col
1 lege'lectures, but "must return at night
[No Heidelberg student would dare fall
to dp so. The punishment is not ex
cessively eruel, but is exacting and far
I better than being thrown Into a cell !
with criminals, as is done in our uni
versity towns where the student hap- I
pons to commit some trifling India- ,
cretion. The city policeman does not
arrest the student In Germany. If j
the latter to any way disturbs the
peace the officer will ask him to show
his student card. From this the of- I
fleer obtains the name and reports It
to the university police, who attends
to the-arrest and the .beadle to his in- >
carceraticn. While these young men |
are In the Career they spend much 01* \
thejr time in decorating Its walls until
there Is hardly a spot In any of the
rooms which Is not covered with gro- |
1 tesque paintings and drawings. The
l names of several of Germany's great
est statesmen appear here, which goes
to show that for some reason or other I
while at college they have tasted Car
The student lives on personal equal- ;
Ity with the professor ? In absolute
freedom?each being his own master,
[except as to the university laws,
j The young men join themselves into
societies known as Korps. Each Korps
has a color and cap of Its own and a
Kneipe?a room for assembling?
where the students spenrt a lively time
singing and drlVc'ng bv?.?- tuwii t;
to tri??U:i>rv?J rotr* t?jaiutliDf? 'f Ui# ;
We were away from home
in jelly-making time, but Mama
says she is not going to worry over
a hot stove any more to' make jelly j
and jam. She says she can buy it j
cheaper thin she can make it and
just as good.
P. S.?Ii would surprise you
to see how many different kinds of
jams and jellies and things put up
in glasses and bottles you can get
PURE FOOD STORE.
Korps is well to do it has a Korps I
house of its own, with a hall for fes
tive occasions. Heidelberg has five
of these Korps?the Khenanla. Suevia,
Guestphalla, Saoco-Borussia and the
Vandalla?and whenever a student
signs his name he writes after what
is termed a "zlrkel"?a sort of mono- '
gram of his Korps ? in order that |
there may be no doubt as to which
ot these he belongs. It keeps three i
members of each Korps busy In ar- !
ranging the duels which are fought
every day. Each Korps has several
students who are considered perfect i
In the art of duelling, and they are j
termed a Bursch. Three well-fought i
duels are necessary to gain this cov- [
eied name. The other members are
known ns foxes, and are treated about;
the samt; as a freshman in our unl- I
wrsitles and In many cases they have i
a hard road to travel; Indeed, they!
must be aHe to fight In a duel for]
ten minutes before they can wear the
ribbon of the Korps on their cap. The '
Bursches weai a different colored rib
bon as a distinguishing mark for i
about the same reason as the midship- '
men and cadets at Annapolis and West j
Point wear the large Ns and As on
their sweaters as a mark of honor In ,
The most trifling thing will cause
a duel, and after the challenge has
been sent and the d.ite of the affair !
s.. the men repair to the fighting
house?a quaint little building nostled
among the trees alongside the plctur
.?v?<;ue SnkM rlv^r. Ths duelling nora
I? UiM?tn.tr? <?r.J In or -cr 1 o r^-..-h It,
I Money to Loan
am prepared to negoti
ate first mortgage loans
on improved farm proper
lies, at seven per cent in
terest. These loans are
repayable in instalments,
no commissions being
charged thereon. Call
and let us explain their at
J, Stokes Salley
Atty. at Law
NO. 7 LAW RANGE
The farmers are receiving the long
wished for rain.
one must pass through the ante-room, i
Here there Is a large pan-shaped piece i
of zinc with the edges slightly upturn- i
ed. A chair. In Ir. the centre and. the A
surgeon's table near by. After the duel 1
the men are placed In this chair while I
their wounds are being dressed, and 1
the zinc Is to prevent the blood from I
running over the floor. The duelist |1
Is w" covered when he Is ready for t
the fight, and when fully equipped his
appearance Is not unlike that of a I
deep-sea diver. Th*re are guards for i
thy eyes, guards for the neck, guards I
for the nose and guards for the ears. 1
The legs and body are partly covered <
with a chamois leather suit, and the ' 1
right arm Is well padded with a soft 11
silk material. The duelling room Is I
perhaps fifty by thirty feet. The floor 11
Is bare and well spotted with blood.! 1
Tables and chairs are placed around j?
the sides of the room where the mem- ff
hers of the Korps may sit with their j 1
wine while the duel Is In progress. ! i
The different Korps do not lntermln-ii
gle during these festive occasions, but l
sit apart and encourage their members I
who are fighting. The sword used Is i
known as the "Schlaeger" and the. I
mode of fighting with It Is said to beiz
excellent exercise. The blade Is about It
three and a half feet long and half an ;t
Inch In bread'.h. The entire front edge [ c
Is sharp as well rs a part of the back | I
of the blade. The end Is not pointed, 1 I
but rounded. The fighting Is done;,
from the wrist and the slightest move- \ t
ment of '.he head, even though It S-e: i
unintentional or accidental, w.>>;ld I:
'?'j-TG'-st cowardice r.nd ciiwu n i'.i^:nti-: ?.
"COURAGE OF SORTS"
"Told in the Sierras"
A beautiful picture, amidst the
wintry snows of the famous Mt
Lowe in California.
HERBERT L. GAMBATI,
Cotton Seed Wanted.
If you have any cotton
seed to sell or trade, see me
before selling at Adden Bros,
Warehouse, corner Railroad
and E. Russell St.
Car load lots solicited. Be
fore buving your Fertilizer see
me and get prices.
R. N. OWEN,
Agent for Kershaw Oil Mill..
sal from the Korps. The four main
strokes are callod Terz. Prim, Quart
md Durchzieher. The last stroke,
with the wrist turned back, Is ext/eme
y difficult and unless the opponent
rtoep: his point wed down you can
run your Schlaeger underneath his
blade and give him a cut under the
eft side of the chin. This L* termed
i "pull through."
There Is great art In Schlacgor flght
ng, and where two men are well
Tiatched the duel Is a long one. The
'aco alone is slashed; how deep the
vounds are made shows In the faces;
if so many noted Germans. A scar j
"rom Heidelberg Is regarded as an j
lonor. and no mfort Is made to efface i
;he mark after it has r3aled. The
most serious duels sometimes roach ?
forty-five rounds and are arranged by j
l special court of honor composed of |
itudents. "When the two combatants
'ace each other the umpire demands
dlence, and at the word "Go!" the
nen begin. Blood often flows at the
Irst slash. Frequently a second will
lave tho duel stopped while he ex
imines a wound or wipes away the
jlood. A Burgeon is always present,
ind he too examines the slashes from
ime to rime, and the fight goes on un
it the members of one of the Korps
lecldo that their man has been de
feated or the surgeon declares that fur
ther wounds may be dangerous to life.
\fter the fight Is ended the men go to
he antc-rocm to nave th^ir wound*;
Iressbd. P.ood ti >ws foo.y as the;
members o* 'he U'omm 'o * Mch Ih* I
WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME.
If you purchase the NEW HOME you will
have a life asset nt the price you pay, and will
not liavean endless chain of repairs.
it is the
in the end
If you want a Kcwlnj; machine, write for
Dur latest catalotme before you purchase.
rtio New Home Sewing Machine Co., Orange, Mass.
Grand Opening Ball.
On Friday evening Sept. Sth new
Russell street building with over ten
thousand feet floor space open to
public. Dancing 9 P. 'M. to 1 A M.
Music by brass band. Everything
free?everybody Invited. 4t.
gratulate him. Stitches are put In
without tho use of an anesthetic and j
the wounded man never winces, and
under no consideration must he at
tempt to attend to the wounds with
out the surgeon's orders. Even the
wiping off of a little congealed blood
will cost the man a fine or a few days
In the Career.
At least two duels are fought every
day of the thirty weeks of the Univer
sity term, and twelve hundred students
take part In tho fights each year, so It
can be seen how laborious Is tho work
of the s.urgeons. The pluck of the
German student duelist Is marvelous, j
and he receives the slasher of .he I
Schlaeger without the slightest clgn of |
fear or pain. On one -?ccasion lastj
year a man's head was laid open about
the width of the thumb and fourteen .
stitches were required, yet this man
smiled at the surgeon as he worked.
We Essence $f
77|OKKED down to a scientific ba
ifl sis light and heat are exactly
the same thing. Red, white
and blue colors and a sunstroke are
the same phenomena, only In different
degrees. This Is shown by recent
scientific experiments which prove
that the waves that give bright colors
to the eye and the flames that burn
the flesh are the same sort of energy,
only the energy that makes beautiful
color to delight our eyes Is far more
high powered than the more hurtful
waves which scorch us.
In brief, waves of color and waves
of heat are exactly the same energy,
only In color waves the rapidity of
the motion Is Infinitely quicker. Thus,
when the waves of energy coming
from the sun aro above 500 trillions
in.ihelr rapidity of vibration per sec
ond they form light which the human
eye can see; but when the rapidity
of the sun wavcj are below 500 tril
lions of vibrations In ono single faoc
ond the human eye cannot detect
them and they become simply heat
waves which our bot'les can feel, but
which they cannot see.
To take a very homely but Illumi
nating exampie. Everybody knevs !
that a bar of Iron will burn the hands i
frightfully Ion? before Its vibrations j
of heat are s^Uclent to make It red
hot; so the human eye can see the
effect of the heat In the crimson glow
of the !roi.
V>'h(M-?^ote the sun waves of high
rapldH./ of vibration are the color
rays from the sun and they run in
vibration from a)>out 600 trillions perl
w?oi.d BiiUl vh</ touch about 750 |
trOJl&m par ar?jriu. Of course, ?uoh |
"The School that Stands f(
Let us give your Boy and Girl th<!
Ollgll work under positive Ol
CHANCES? Our School Is owne
and IS NOT A SHAM. Recognize
ed faculty?all men of College an
attention. Study Hall. 4 1-2 lit
Unsurpassed Health. Pure Artes
Entirely separate boarding depart
j lowest consistent with good serv
Boarding capacity limited
catalogue. Nineteenth yer
J. Caldwell Guilds,
A Reminder That We J
Special Agents of the Equitable L
Certain members of the Korps are ap?
pointed to keep a record of thette ?**
fairs for circulation of informant*
among lta members.
Tell the German student that at*
duelling Is barbarous and ho will a*
oncb defend It by declaring that It lc
rarely fatal, and if so, Is caused by
subsequent Indiscretion. He will also
enumerate the numerous football fa*
talities of our tountry. While the
Garman duel can hardly be termed
sport from the. American point of
view, it is a most excellent training la
fortitude and self control under condi
tions of danger and hardship. So goes
the round of German student life so
different from our own, but perhaps;
with its seeming cruel sports and cus
toms building a character and man
hood as sturdy and as self-reliant as la)
the product of our American Unlvsr?
Light and Heat.
an enormous rapidity of vibration tn
a single second -la practically Incom
prehensible to the average Aumas,
brain, but the most famous scientists
of the world today claim to have at
least approximately estimated the**
Also science claims to have meas
ured the length of these fabulously
rapid wave vibrations and they art.
said to vary from one to two hundred
trillion to the yard of space. That
is, they vibrate In a space far, far
smaller than the red corpuscle* In
our blood and countless millions of
these tiny light waves enter the hu
man eye every time we look at a pic
ture or glance out of the window.
The red waves of light arc tho
longer and In fact red light waves aro
Just about twice as long as tho waves
which make the violet light in the
solar spectum. The heat waves seem
to be more Solid than the light rays,
for they do not travel anything Uk#
as quickly and are about three times
longer. Heat waves- can be felt by tlu
human body much more surely on*
much more accurately than llghv
rays. The whole human body can
feel and appreciate the heat waves
from the sun, but It was necessary
for animals to develop a special and
extremely delicate organ?the eye?
before animals could receive light
rays and make them of use to the
creatures of this earth.
To rebuild the pyramid of Cheops
under modern conditions would cost
one hundred million dollars and the
labor of forty thousand uion for twet
ir Work and Character."
training they need?honest, thor
ristian Influences. WHY TAKE
(1 and controlled by Wofford College
I standard of Scholarship. Enlargr
d University training. Individual
II rs a day, conducted by Teacher,
ian Water. Hot and Cold Ilaths.
tnents for Boys and. Girls. Prices
[?write to-day for handsome
ir begins Sept. 20th, 1911.
IB. A., Bead Master.
Ire Ready to Serve You.
lfe Assurance Society of New York,
l the world.
Quick Adjustment of Losset.