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title: 'The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, September 07, 1911, Image 1',
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Who Cod pose It and How Some of
Thea .Stand in the Tariff Qatsricn
HAVE CAST LARGE SUM
The Boa -d is Composed Largely of
Politic il Nondescripts, Friends of
the Pr esident, Who Know Little or
Nothirg About the Tariff, Except
That Mliey Are Protectionists.
The T >.riff Board was appointed by
Presiden; Taft in September, 1909,
?under at throity of a paragraph in the
"maximvm and minimum" section of
?the Payue-Aldrich tariff act, which
gave hin. authority to employ experts
to deteco any discrimination made
against i .he United States by foreign
governments and to assist the offi
cers of t te Government in the admin
istration of the customs law.
Nothing in the Tariff act autho
rized th > President to appoint a per
manent ooard or to use its members
for the .jurpose of securing- informa
tion as to the relative cost of com
modities here and abroad, either for
his own use of the use ot Congress.
The President, however, amplified
his authority and Congress has ac
quiesced by appropriating $550,000
for the 1/ork of the tariff board.
Besides the work for which it was
intendet?of advising the President
whether foreign countries were en
titled t< the minimum tariff of the
Payne-A Idrich law?the board has
made a study of the law itself, has
compiled a tariff glossary* begun, a
field investigation or various sched
ules, Im dudlng cotton, wool, chemi
cal and iron schedules. It resisted
in the f -aming of the Canadian reci
procity )act and expects to be ready
to repoit on the cotton and wool
schedules by the end of the year.
The t triff board originally consist
ed of oily three members, Heary
Crosby Emery, Alvin Howard San
ders and James Burton Reynolds, all
Republi-ans, but it was enlarged in.
1910 tc enable the appointment of
two De nocrats, William Marcellus
Howard and Thomas Walker Page.
Henry Crosby Emery was profes
sor of p< ?litical economy at Yale when
Presidei t Taft appointed him Chair
man of the board. He> is a son of
former ?hief Justice Emery of Maine
and has always been a Republican
and a } rotectlonist. All his life he
-has spent in class-room work, which
has nec ssarily kept him out of touch
with th * people. He has never held
any pu'dic office, but has written a
treatise on "Speculation on the
Stddk md Produce Exchanges of
the Uni ;ed States" and Is the author
of "Coli mbia University Studies." Al
though ae will only be thirty-nine In
December he has taught economics
for eighteen years, having been ap
pointed professof of political econo
my at Uowdoin in 1894 and at Yale
in 1900. He is a personal friend of
President Taft, but has never taken
any act ve part in politics.
Alvin Howard Sanders, editor and
( Continued on 3rd page.
rOSS ES SEARCH FOR FIEND.
Attacked a Lady and Nearly Killed
? "At Lumberton, N. C, Gray Tolar,
a weal" hy lumberman, was probably
fatally injured and his wife attacked
by an unknown negro at their home
early Monday. Tolar's skull was
crushec by a blow with a plow bar
and Mr j. Tolar was nearly choked in
sensible before her screams freight
ened o f her assailant. As soon as
the ne ro escaped Mrs. Tolar seized
her two children and ran to their
nearest neighbors, a half a mile dis
tant ard gave the alarm, and posses
immediately took up the search. Tolar
was carriel to a hospital where it
was sW ted that he could not leiover.
Three suspects have been arrested,
but Mrs. Tolar is unable to identify
Negroes Flee in Panic.
For the first time in its history,
Caddo, Okla., has no negro residents.
The blacks have also fled from much
of the surrounding county. The ex
odus s:arted Monday morning from
the first report of the report of the
killing of Horace Gribble, a white
farmer by negroes and continued
throughout the day.
Posed as Being White.
C. M. Love, a "negro who had been
passing off as a white man and board
ing in he home of well known people
at Spa tanburg, was fined $100 or 30
days in the mayor's court Monday
morning. Mayor Lee ruling that it
was disorderly conduct for the negro
to sit ..t the table with white people.
T ive Dead in a Hotel Fire.
At Juneau, Alaska nine persons are
believt i to have perished in a fire
which .iestroyed the Juneau hotel and
the McGrath building iMonday night.
Four bodies have been recovered
from t.ie ruins ir.d five more are be
lieved to be buried in the debris.
Another Aviator Killed.
A F'ench aviator, M. Mc Forestier,
while lying at Huelva, In Spain Mon
day, f ?11 from a height of 250 feet
and w? s killed. The motor exploded,
setting fire to the aeroplance and the
aviato' was incinerated.
MAN AND JONES.
Capt. John G. Richards States That
There Was Xo Political Signifi
cance in Tb<"'r Visit.
That the recent visit of Senator B.
R. Tillman to his home recently has
no political significance whatever was
the declaration of Mr. John G. Rich
ards Monday afternoon. Mr. Rich
ards also says that conclusions which
have been drawn from the aupposed
visit of Sen. Tillman and Chief Jus
tice Ira B. Jones to his home at the
same time, to the effect that Mr.
Jenes would have the political sup
port of Senator Tillman and Mr.
Richards, should he make the race
for Governor next year, are entirely
This statement was called forth by
an editorial In the Sumter Item which
has ben copied in various State pa
pers. This comments as follows:
"We have been wandering what
would be the political outcome of
Senator TiUman's and Chief Jus^
tice Jone's visit to Mr. John G. Rich
ards of Liberty Hill, and while we
have not yet found the answer the
following editorial in the Lancaster
News is somewhat illuminating."
The editorial in the Lancaster pa
per referred to 1b merely a comment
upon the current reports that Chief
Justice Jones would enter the race for
Governor mext year. After quoting
this the Sumter paper continues as
follows: "It Chief Justice Jones
should enter the race for Governor
against Governor 'Blease and if he
has the assurance of the support of
Senator Tillman, 'Mr. Richards, and
their friends, Cole Blease, will not
serve two terms as Governor all pre
cedents to the contrary notwith
"I have read comment in the col
umns of the News and Courier,"
said Mr. Richards, "this statement
from the Sumter paper of a visit of
Chief Justice Jones and Senator Till
man to my house surprised me very
much. Senator Tillman and I as is
well known, have been warm perso
nal friends for a number of years.
His visit to me had no political signif
icance whatever. Chief Justice Jones
did not visit my home while Senator
j Tillman was there, and therefore I
I do not see how the Sumter paper
drew or came to itsv conclusions,
which were entirely erroneous."
FIVE MEET INSTANT DEATH.
Sixth Dies Later From Injuries in
Caught in a vortex of a whirling
steel drill in a mine cage, five miners
met instant death in the shai; cf the
Black Rock Mlae, of the Butte Super
ior company, near Butte, Mon., at 3
o'clock Monday morning, while a
sixth, James Lee, died a few hours la
ter in the hospital from his injuries.
I In their anxiety to reach the sur
I face, the men 'umped on the cage
upon which a dull steel was being
j taken to the surface. It is presumed
I that in their crowding they dislodged
the steel shafts from the bor: and the
wall plates fell among the men on
the cage cleariD ? the deck of miners,
fairly mincing their bodies as the
steel bounded tuck and forth, sweep
ing them into t. dump 1,400 feet be
Charles Gaston, station tender, fi
nally was hurled from the upper deck
of the cage to the lower level by the
impact when the brakes were applied
and was decapitated as were all the
other miners with the exception of
Lee, whose head was crushed.
KILLED FROM AMBUSH. . . .
Two Victims of a Fued in Santa Rosa
As a sequel to a long-standing feud,
ar a result of which Daniel Cooley, a
prominent naval stores operator of
Santa Rosa county, Fla., was shot and
killed last Sunday, Alf and Arch Cool
ey, brother and cousin, respectively,
of the dead man, were shot and kill
ed from ambush Sunday night near
Milton. The bodies of the two men
were found lying in the road at day
break Monday morning amile apart
having fallen out of the buggy in
which they were riding. Feeling is
said'to be intense in Santa Rosa coun
ty over the tragedies and more trou
ble is feared.
Took Fatal Drop.
His parachute failing to work at
the proper moment, H. C. Brown, a
ballonist, of Saginaw, Mich, abandon
ed the usual method of decent Satur
day night and dropped from bis bal
loon several hundred feet into the
shallow pond at Lakewood Park, at
Charlotte, N. C, where he drowned
before help could reach him.
Mills Close Down.
A dispatch from Fall River, Mass.,
says the cotton manufacturing plants
closed until September 11. Seven
mills were idle this week and others
are on short time. The total curtail
ment this week amounted to 295,000
per cent of the usual output.
Pasenger Train Robbed.
Southern Pacific train No. 15,
south-bound, was held up at Sims,
Ore., Sunday night. Two safes were
were blown, but it said no one was
hurt. The robbers obtained but lit
ORANGEBURG, S. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1911.
POPULATION OF THIS STATE
COMPLETE FIGURES GIVEN OUT BY THE CENSUS BUREAU AT WASHINGTON OF
RESIDENTS OF THE LARGER CITIES AND COUNTIES
The State's Population Over One Million and a Half, Nearly Half of Which Are White People,
That Race Making Some Gains Over the Other Races as Compared
With the Census of Ten Years Ago.
Preliminary comparative statistics of the population of South Carolina were issued Tuesday by Census Di
rector Durand. The tabulations were made under the supervision of Wm. C. Hunt, chief statistician of the di
vision of population, and are the result of the first count, in detail, of the returns of the 13th census. The
figures are, therefore, subject to possible revision, but it is believed that the changes, if any, will not be ma
terial. The figures relate to the'State, Charleston,' the other cities of 10,000 and over, and the counties.
The total population of the State and of Charleston is distributed into white, negro and all other, and the
percentage proportion of each Is given for the censuses of 1910, 1900 and 1890. The decennial percentage
of increase or decrease for the same classification for the decade, 1900-1910, also is stated. The figures for
the counties are divided into white and negro, the latter including Chinese, Japanese and Ind' ns, but the
number of such are so small that they do not materially affect the figures given for the neg. ,s. Similar
statements for the other Southern States are being prepared and will probably be issued In the near future.
Preentnge of Negroes.
The figures show that of South Carolina's total population of 1,515,400. only 679,162, or 44.8 per cent.,
are white. The negro population, S35.S43, forms 55.2 per cent of the whole. The rate of increase, as fig-|
ured by the census department, indicates that the State, has gained more whites than negroes, the percent
age being 21.8 for the whites and 6.S for the negroes. The total growth in population was 13.1.
The figures for the cities of Charleston, Columbia, Greenville and Spartanburg are interesting as showing]
the additions to the white populations of those towns. '
Charleston gained 3,026 people during the decade. The gain in white population was 3,526. This shows
that 500 negroes really moved away from Charleston, ia*d no more negroes came in. This leaves a clear
white gain of of 3,526, which is about 15 per cent of the white population. Negroes still outnumber the
whites in Charleston, the figures being 31,069 against 27,764.
Columbia, with 21,108 people in 1900, grew to 26,319, this increase being 3,528 white and 2,673 colored.
Columbia now has 14,772 whites and 11,244 negroes. ..
Spartanburg gained 6,122. Of this increase 3,517 are whites and 2,605 were neg*oes.
ula?on now comprises 10,641 whites and 6,876 negroes.
?Greenville's gain during the decade was 3,881, including 2,979 whites and only 902 negroes
tion Is now composed of 9,422 whites and 6,319 negroes.
Total population ...1,515,400
Negro. 835.843 ,
All other *. 395
Per Cent Distribution.
Total population.?. 100.0 '
Negro.f .. .. 55.2
All other.?.'. .. .. ??*
* Chinese, Japanese and Indians. ** Less than one tenth-of one per cent.
Decennial Increase State.
Per Cent of Increase,
. . .. 13.1
. . . . 21.8
. . . . 6.8
. . . . 110.1
City of Charleston.
Numbers i 1910.
Total population. 58,833
All other.,. 13
Per Cent Distribution.
AH other *.'. ?* ? i
* Chinese, apanesc and Indians. '* Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent.
Dec nnial Increase City of Charleston.
All other .
m tm t
H4 HE ?w
Per Cent of Increase,
The State.... .. 1,515,4 00
Aiken . .
69,5 6 S
Calhoun .. .
Charleston . .
Cherokee . .
Chester. . . .
Colleton . . .
Darlington . .
Dorchester . .
Edge field . .
Fairfield . . .
Florence .. .
Greenville . .
Greenwood . .
Hampton . .
Kershaw .. .
Laurens . . .
Lexington . .
'.Marion . .
Marlboro . . .
Oconee . .
Pickens .. ..
Riohland . . .
25 4 22
S 3,4 65
2 ? 3
r o c
?Includes Chinese, Japanese and Indians.
20.3 4 2
5.4 3 0
3 0,4 5 4
1 9.3 75
j 4 5,589
1 6.9 61
? 4 n 3 S
PLANS FOR CAPITOL
WILL COST THREE MILLION DOL
LARS TO CHANGE.
?Members of Special Legislative Com
mittec Inspect Designs as Prepar
ed by A. W. Todd.
At the session of the general as
sembly in 1910 a special commission
was named by Speaker Whaley to
make an investigation and report on
the feasibility of enlarging the State
house. Among the members of the
commission were Mendel L Smith of
Kershaw county, now speaker, and
A. W. Todd, a4 member of the house
from Charleston County.
The Staite ?ays this commission h*a
been hard at work for the past two
years amd at the last session request
was made for more time to complete
the work. A. W. Todd is a well
known architect and he has prepared
plans for the enlargement of the
State house. According to the plans
of Mr. Todd the improvements would
make the capitol one of the handsom
est La the world.
The portico plans now used are
considered second to one building,
according to experts. These plans
call for the expenditure of $3,000,
000 within three years. These plans
will be submitted to the general as
sembly and it Is expected that some
definite action will be taken. For
the past several years there has been
much discussion as to more room
for the State officials. When the
general assembly is in session there
is little room left in ether buildings.
There has also been much discus
sion as to a building for the supreme
court Under the plans of Mr. Tood
there would be special quarters for
the supreme .court in the new state
house. The dome on the building
would be changed, modeled probably
after the dome om the capitol at
Washington, and there would be two
wings to the present structure. The
original Ni-ernsee plans called for a
beautiful tower, capping the porch
FOUR DEAD, FORTY INJURED.
Passenger Train Crashes Into Freight
With Fatal Results.
Four are dead and at lea?t forty
injured, the result of a wreck of the
.Erie and Pittsburg passenger train
No. 201. The wreck occurred at
Docks Junction, twenty miles from
Erie, Penn., at 8:30 p m. The train
plunged into a freight train that was
backing into a switch to allow the
passenger train to pass.
The dead: John S. Jones, engineer,
of Erie., firmean, name unknown;
tramp riding on train, unknown pas
senger in the smoker.
Soon af:er the crash the wreckage
took fire and up to a late hour to
night bodies of the dead had not been
recovered. A relief train was rushed
(Nineteen injured had been received
at Erie hospitals up to midnigbt, but
many of the passengers live here and
were taken to their homes.
Engineer Jones was in charge of
the passenger, and it is stated in rail
road circles that he disregarded or
DROWN IN ANGRY RIVER.
Reported That One Hundred Thou
sand Chinese Perished.
Awful news of the loss of life by
the floods In China have reached this
country. The floods are said to be
the worst that have ever been exper
ienced ov.r there in many years, and
the destruction of life and property
is'terrible. It is estimated that over
ninety-five per cent of the crops have
been destroyed, and the people fear
starvation. The American mission
at Wu-Hu has received a report that
100,000 persons have been drowned
by the floods caused by the water
flowing over the banks of the Yang-.
Tse- Klang river above.
Young Lad Drowns.
Burt Shockley, the 17-year-old son
of Mr. and Mrs. James C. Shockley,
was drowned at 'McMahan's mill on
Cane Creek, five miles east of Wal
I haila. Young Shockley was accom
panied by two small boys whom he
i told to watch him swim across the
! pond. He soon sank, anl as there
was no assistance at hand he was
Lost His Life in Hive..
While taking a swim in the Yad
kin river near Spencer. N. C, Hrax
ton Barkley, aged 17, of Salisbury
j was drowned Saturday, and Floyd
j Hoist, a companion, who attempted
I to rescue ?arkley, narrowly escaped
I sharing Iiis late. The drowning OC
' curred in plain view of a party of
i friends powerless to help.
Toad Stools Proves Fatal.
At New York Angelinc de Salvo, a
5-year-old girl, is dead and seven oth
er persons are in a critiial condition
as a result of a birtMay feast given
in her honor Monday in which 24
persons ate toad stools by mistake
Killed by Lightning.
Near Plaquemine. La., Handall M.
Robertson, aged 3 7, a prominent sug
ar p'anter was instantly killed and
I \\. Williams was knocked sense
less by lightning, while riding horse
back Saturday afternoon. Both
horses were killed.
TWO CENTS PER COPY/
Chemical Preser valor its tense ffasj
-?- ' ~)
OR. WILEY SUSTAINED
Rutledge Rutherford, Food Exp4*r|
and Editor Declares That Tho
Chemicals Work Especial Injury
to the Young?Some of the Dlan
eases Caused by Them.
Two hundred and fifty thousand
children were killed last jear by pois
oned foods according to Rutledg?
Rutherford, a food experl: and edilo
of a food magazine.
He declares that more people ai|
killed by adulterated food in on
year than the number engaged in the
Spanish-Amercian war. Counting ?bet
deaths of the babes alone he says*
they number more by (?0,000 thani
tbe total of all the soldiers that weorft
killed in all of the four years of tlMi
In the mad race to increase pro.Btat
through the cheapening the cost oif
production recognized poisons are be-'
ing inserted in foods in order to
made use of poor ?rade of raw prod
Such poisons finu their way intrt
food factories of many descriptions,
and are especially numerous in can
dies, soda fountain beverages, loo
cream products, bakery goods &n<l
other cheap "dainties" devised !JM
magnets to attract pennies from tin*
Saccharin deceives children fasti)
believing a product is sweetened wHli
sugar. Coal tar dyes deceives them
into believing it is colored with fruit
juices or made of fruit products. FrSfifr
maldehyde. or other chemical env
ployed to keep milk from turning, de*
ceives them into thinking the uiilK.li
fresh. In such cases, he says, tbi
chemical bides the ill taste and sndteil
whirh are nature's means of warning
the consumer that the products aia
Son "i o." :ae instances of food adull
teratlcv related by If; Ruthertaa
are almost too shocking to admit 'of
belief. Yet, he shows from offlclnl
records, seizures and government and!
State reports that they actually oc
cur, ?nd that conditions are rapidly
I going from bad to wonie since Dr. TU
I W. Wiley, chief of the government
Bureau of Chemistry, has been over
ruled in his efforts to prohibit tie
use of chemical preservatives.
Mr. Rutherford prints a list tit
the dead and in lured which he hits
been able to get from reports of cas
ualties traced directly to the results
of food adulteration The list total?
1,120 deaths and 26,582 cases o%
sickness. But this serves only as ?
foundation on which to base an esti
mate of the actual number of sue b $
casualties. For, he says, the ge'ii
eral effects of the chemicals employ
ed in food adulterations are to sloiif
ly Impoverish the system, so as \r
superinduce other disease, tnd thn
death is usually ascribed to this dll
When asked what he woul give u
an estimate of the total number ?iL
adults and children that died from
(Continued on 3rd page. ;
GOOD ROADS TRAIN. |
Comenced Work |in This State Ctn
The good roads train operated by
the Southern railway with the co-op-*
eration of the United States Govct.cm
ment entered South Carolina Monday
and reached Gaffney at 2 o'clock. The
train is as complete as it could possi
bly be, and much was accomplished.
The crowd was large. E. D. Raker trf
the American' Highway Improving
association stilted that he audieaoe
at Gaffney was larger and more en
thusiastic than any he had seen
since he joined the train.
The Cherokee'County Road Im
provement association was organized
by Mr. Baker, and officers were elect
ed. The train was met by M. Vf$
Twitchell, State entomologist.
Given Job Again.
John Horton, of Helton ,was made
notary public again by CoveroDV
Bleuse on Monday. On August :itf
the governor revoked the commfssfflft
of Mr Horton because he, as a notary
public, took an alfi'davit on the rail-*
way affair at the Helton station invol
ving the ungentlemanly conduct of
the governor. The commissions of
two other notaries public, were alio
revoked on the same charge.
, gj ?_ i
Cause of Pellagra.
The. Buffalo gnat has been fix<>d
uiion by Henry Garman, a Kovera
nient bacteroloiist and entomologist,
as the cause of pellagra. Just hew
the great communicates the dlseaise
is not known, but scientists belie/e
they are on the right track and even
tually will find a cure for the disease
The Buffalo gnat e.tists in great num
bers all through the South.
Mistaken for Burglar.
At Anniston, Ala.. Dr. T.' L. Sm?h?
a well known dentist was shot aiji^
probably fatally wounded early Fif
day by his roommate Joe S. Tbom|
son, who mistook him for a bxl
glar. Thompson vas asleep wb!
Smith returned from an entertain,
ment and fired before he recogrrfs!i!f|