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FARMERS IN SEVERAL COUNTIES
rjllGED TO ACT.
A Convection Called to Meet in Co
lombia tc Consider the Matter Next
Pointing out that an accurate es
timate c.' vhe cotton crop will have
uo effect >n the price unless the. farm
ers hold the staple and force the
market u.o, Commissioner E. J.
" Watson und E. W. Dabbs, president
? of the St?.te Farmers' union, have
addressed ,'etters to all bankers, mer
-chants, farmers, boards of trade and
the local unions of the State, asking
to discus;; the situation.
The kcU meetings to be held in
several hundred places, in the State
will be followed by a large cotton
?congress, to be held* in Columbia on
-September 2.8. Commissioner Wat
son is th ? president of the permanent
?cotton congress of the--South, which,
-was organized in Montgomery.
"You .axe doubtless fully inform
ed/* .^ayu tbe; letter, .'of .our effort*
during tie past six weeks to secure
reliable reports of the crop condi
tions, an 1 hat ous investigations and
the in vet tigations of all the commis
-?loners of agriculture of the cotton
States, presidents of farmers' unions,
the Natioral Farmers' union meet
ing at Shawnee, Okla., and the great
Montgon ery Cotton congress all
agree that the cotton crop of 1911
?will be about tne same a^ the crop
of 1910. The Montgomery congress
added tc the most careful compila
tion sevm.1 hundred thousand bales
to cover our natural disposition to
underestimate, with the result that
we consider 12,500,000 bales a liber
al estimste for this crop.
"But vl.at effect does it have on
<he marl:e:? (None .at'all. Nor can
dt have any as long as our people al
most fight to see who can be first at
the wefghur's platform , and we find
Interior narkets making new records
for September cotton sales. There
fore this aas ceased to be a. battle
of the le?ders with 8t9H?tlcs, crop
conditions, trade reports, etc.. but
fit Is absolutely one.of receipts?a
^ht all along the llDe by the indi
viduals 'vl.o have tolled all the year
to grow tie cotton, and It rests with
"them, the grower of one bale as well
?as the planter or the merchant who
^jrows or controls his hundreds of
oales, to call a halt, otherwise we
?warn you 1 hat the price of cotton will
Jbe so lotv that business will be par
alyzed and bankruptcy will stare us
In ftyo face.
"That something may be done at
once, wo call upon you to meet at
your respective centres of trade, not
only at your county seats, but at
?every point where cotton is market
ed, on next Monday, the 25th, at
any hour of the day most convenient
*o your oeople, there to assemble and
?discuss i.h:s momentous question and
devise ways and means to put into ef
fect tho advice of the 'Farmers' un
ion and. tt e Montgomery Cotton con
gress. Your leaders have done all
that they can do. We have gathered
the infomation, and we have, with
the aid o:' the press, that has most
.ably seconded our efforts, sent it to
-every hi .ir let on every, rural route in
The wo -k rests with you the grow
ers of tho cotton, and with you the
part owners of the cotton?the bank
ers, the merchants, the professional
men?you whose prosperity is meas
ured by (he price of cotton, to get
together and stop this loss of mil
lions. Sou alone can do it. It is
adle to ?id down and say that Brown,
Hayne, Sully or any bull clique will
raise the price of cotton or can raise
it eo lcne; as our people put it on
the maik'tt. It Is no less idle to say
that wo can do nothing until the
?Farmeri;' union trustees and the
French-English syndicate get togeth
er and furnish us with foreign capi
All thl?' is well enough and we be
lieve ttal the money will be forth
coming, tut before it can leach the
local banks there will be no cotton
then to fi iance at the present rate of
sales. We do implore our fellow cit
izens to give heed to our call. Meet
next Monday and meet for business.
We will send speakers to every point
we can, but there should be meetings
?where <:v;ry one can feel free to ex
press his views, and let there be no
adjournment until you have decided
on a p an of united action. Do not
wait fcr our speakers, for we may
not be aale to secure them, and we
cculd act possibly secure one for
every iaeeting that we hope will be
held in toe State.
"On Thursady, the 28th, at 3 p.
m., in Columbia in the hall of the
house oJ representatives, we trust
that wc- will have delegates from each
one of tiese local meetings. After
conferring together we have decided
that Thursday, the 2Sth, will be bet
ter than Wednesday, the 27th, for
we do net wish to interfere with the
Tied Stirt reunion.
"Remember the days?Monday,
the 25'h for local meeiings all over
?the St it ?, and Thursday, the 2Sth,
for tho State cotton congress in Co
"We are sending this to all the
?newsp; pers in the State, to boards of
trade, to bankers and merchants,
farmers' unions and to the commis
sioner." of agriculture and the presi
dents of the State Farmers' Unions
in the cotton belt."
Good Roads Train.
The Southern Ralway's good roads
train was at the Southern Depot yes
terday morning, and was visited by a
number of people from the country
and tie city, to hear the lectures
and si-e the exhibits bearing on the
making of good roads. The exhibits
as shewn by the road experts and the
lectures on the subject were most
interest ng and hose who visited the
car were delighted with it.
KICKING AT ST. MATTHEWS.
Much Dissatisfaction With the Cot
The correspondent of The News
and Courier at St. Matthews, who
on all occasions has the courage of
his convictions, takes up the cudgels
and goes for the cotton market of
his town in the following fashion.
"There has been much kicking and
complaint about the cotton market
here this season so far and common
talk about "combinations," "under
standings," etc, but nothing, definite
happened until Friday morning. It
appears that W. W. McMillan, who
bought cotton heavly last fall, was
left in the cold this fall by manipu
lations, somewhat mysterious as yet.
At any rate, a heavily signed petition
will go to Alexander Sprunt & Sons,
Wilmington, and Ridgers, McCabe &
Co., Charleston, both large cotton ex
porters, imploring them to deal di
rectly with this market and not
through district agents.
"The petition also condemns the
manner of McMillan's taking off in
strolg but polite terms. The peti
tion also contends that this town is
of such Importance to be placed on
an independent" basis. Over 13,000
bales were marketed here last season
and that limit promises to be excell
ed this season unless the cotton is
driven away from this place as its
normal market. There are all sorts
of rumors In the air, but The News
and Courier correspondent has relat
ed cnly the tangible facts."
RED SBJRTS REUNION.
Celebration Will Be Held at Colum
bia on Sept. 27-28.
The old companies of Red Shirts
are requested to attend the celebra
tion of the great Democratic victory
which will be held at Columbia on
September 27th and 28th. Exercises
will be as follows:
On the evening of the 27th a con
cert will be given at the Columbia
Opera House. Miss Grace Lumpkin
will deliver the address of welcome
for the city of Columbia, and John
Sharp Williams, senator from Missis
sippi, will be the orator of the occa
Sept. 28th?Brass band concert at
nine a. m., and parade at 10 a. m.
In a letter addressed to Capt. J. H.
Claffy of this city, John G. Mobley,
the Commander in Chief of the Red
Shirts, urges that as many attend
from Orangeburg county as possible.
In order that a company may be
formed all those who would like* to
go or think of attending are request
ed to meet at the Courthouse on Sat
urday, at 12 o'clock. The company
can then be formed and arrange
ments made for attending the cele
bration in Columbia.
They Will Be Used Later.
There has been considerable com
plaint on the part of some people who
! bought physical geographies for the
use of their children in the graded
school when they were told that the
books would not be used. These books
being on the list as adopted by the
board of trustees of the graded school
for use in the school, weTe sold to
the people by Sims' Book Store in
good faith, and the management of
that store was surprised when the
books were brought back with the
statement that the teachers said they
woud not be used. Major Glaze, the
chairman of the board, was seen
about the matter and he said he
would look into it. He has said
nothing to us about it, but we have
heard that the geography would be
used later. So those who have
bought them can keep them until
they are called for.
Breaks the Record.
The St. Matthews correspondent
of The State say:,: "Several days ago
one Bill Plush, a negro, broke the
man-shooting record by winging five
other negroes a., one time at a hot
supper. One Charles Staley, a negro
living on the opposite side of the
county, out-distanced Plush the other
day in his race for the pennant for
the number of men shot at one time.
Staley went out on the warpath and
succeeded in pumping lead into 11
of his brethren before his ammuni
tion gave out. So far as can be as
certained this is a record-breaker."
Staley must have been loaded up On
mean booze or cocaine.
Picnic at Murph's Mill.
There will be a picnic at Murph's
M\l\, Friday, Sept. 29th, given for
the benefit of Wesley Chapel Church
and the Women's Foreign Missionary !
Society. Some of the most prominent
speakers of the county and state will
be present and address the crowd on
the importance of Farmers Union and
education. Refreshments of all
kinds will be sold, but dinner will be
free and plentiful. Come one and
all. We want everybody to be on
hand and fell sure that all will have
a good time. Com.
Birds Going South.
For the past few nights thousands'
oi birds have been heard chirping as
they passed over the city going
south. It seems rather early for the
birds to be migrating, but they are
doing so by the thousands. Some say
it indicates an early and severe win
ter. This is bourne out by Horace
Johnson, the aged weather forecast
er of Milledham, Conn., who predict
ed the blidzard of eighteen-eighty
eight, and promises a long, severe
winter this year. He also forecast
Killed by a Train.
Joe Simons, a workman on the
Atlantic Coast Line Railway, was
killed by a train Thursday morning.
I: was stated that Simons was on the
trestle when the train came and it
knocked him off and killed him in
stantly. The accident occurred at
the trestle over Lynch's river.
"THE NEST EGG."
Pleasing Comedy at the Opera House
In speaking of the performance
given in Richmond of ':hat amusing
comedy, "The Nest Egg," The Times
"Simply pleasing, and pleasingly
simple, "The Nest Egg," from the
pen of Anne Caldwell, began the reg
ular dramatic season of the Academy
last night, and served to introduce
to a Richmond audience Lydia Knott,
whose popularity was attested by the
vigorous applause she received from
the audience which braved the rain
to enjoy two hours of real fun."
"The Nest Egg" is a story of life
In the up-State reaches of New York.
Anne Caldwell has written well, and
Lydia Knott gets every bit possible
out of the written lines. She is the
very personification of the York state
spinster?kind hearted, ready witted,
unconsciously meddlesome, always
doing the wrong thing at the wrong
time, in an attempt to help the cause
of others, but above all loveable in
her lonllness and charming in her
simplicity. But Lydia Knott is not
the whole show. There are just ten
people in the cast-and each one Is an
Orangeburg theatre-goers will en
joy "The Nest Egg" as the opening
bill at the Academy of Music on to
morrow evening. Prices of admis
sion are 75c, $1.00 and $1.50, and
tickets are now on sale at Lowman's.
A big crowd will be on hand for
the first show of the season.
STATE COLORED COLLEGE.
Sixteenth Annual Session Begins on
The State Colored College will be
gin its sixteenth annual session on
Wednesday, October 4. Everything
is in readiness for the opening and it
Is expected that this will mark the
most prosperious year in its history.
President R. S. Wilkinson has trav
eled over 3,000 miles through the
State this sunnner in the interest of
the college. As a result of this ac
tivity applications are being received
daily by the score, and doubtless the
enrollment will approach one thous
and. The alumni of the college have
taken part in this work and are send
ing students from every point in the
Among those applying for admis
sion are many asking for assistance
in their education. In order to pro
vide for the&3 the president would
gladly receive the names and ad
dresses of persons in the city who
would like to have students work for
them during the year. To these will
be sent reliable students who will
faithfully perform their duties. By
this means families will be accommo
dated and selfrsupporting students
be enabled to secure the employment
needed to assist them through school.
Send a postal or phone your address
to the college and it will receive due
Killed Near St. George.
The State says 'Mr. G. W, Bell, of
Columbia, foreman of the Southern
railway derrick force, was killed
Wednesday evening, near St. George,
being caught under some overturned
freight cars. Mr. Bell and members
of the derrick crew were at work on
the track when the accident occurr
ed. Mr. Bell was placed on the train
but died on his way to Columbia. Mr.
Bell was about 44 years of age, and
is survived by a wife and 11 chil
dren. He was a member of the Bap
tist church, and had a large circle
of friends in Columbia. The remainh
will 'be taken to Carrollton, Ga.,
The Citadel Scholarships.
Messrs. Holiday Verdery, of this
city, and Paul K. Shuler, who won
the scholarships in the Citadel from
this county, have entered upon their
studies at the Academy. Mr. Verdery
was born in Augusta, Ga., and re
ceived his principle training in the ex
celent schools of that city. He came
to thi:5 city about two years ago and
attended the city schools about that
length of time. Mr. Shuler is from
Providence and was a student for
some years at the Orangeburg Col
lege. These young men won these
scholarships over several competi
tors, some of whom had been students
cf the Orangeburg graded school for
ten years. We wish them continued
Graded School Opening.
The Orangeburg graded school
opened under very auspicious cir
cumstances Monday morning. The
enrollment will reach far over 700,
being the largest in the history of
the schools. The opening exercises
were very interesting. iMaj. W. L.
Glaze, chairman, of the board of
trustees, and A. W. Summers and T.
.1. Hayden, new members of the board
make short talk. The list of teach
ers recently published in The Times
and Democrat were all in their
Will Open Friday.
The students of the Orangeburg
College are arriving for the opening
of that school Friday. Over 200 will
be enrolled this year. The faculty is
strong and a good year is expected.
The buildings have been overhauled
and everything is in readiness for
the session. This school did fine
work the past year, and is proud of
the fact that two of its students won
scholarships to the Citadel, one in
Orangeburg, and the other in Edge
Died From Fright.
Augusta Lawskowska, aged 15,
died of fright at South Rend. Ind.,
while on her way home with a com
panion. The girls saw two young
men and evidently thinking she was
to be attacked, Augusta fainted. She
died without recovering conscious
LIST OF LETTERS.
Those Remaining Unclaimed in the
Orangeburg Post Office.
The following are the list of letters
remaining unclaimed In tho Orange
burg Post Office for the week ending
Sept. 19, 1911. Persons calling for
same will please say that they are
"advertised." A. D. Webster, P. M.
A?Alma Adams, Laura Ayers.
B?Josephine Barnes, Mrs. Kate
Bennett, J. L. Bozard, Emma Brown,
E. B. Bynum. ,
C?Rev. Coplisse, Willie Chavis,
D?Mrs. Fannie Davis, Herbert
E?Madeline J. Easterliu. ,
F?Dora Felder, Sam Fields, Bes
G?Mrs. Carrie Gates.
H?Arthur Haynes, Annie Hegs,
J?Louisa Johnson, Mrs. Mamie
Jones, Mrs. Sa'llie Jones (2).
L?George Lazur, John E. Lewis,
L. C. Lewis.
M?Mrs. Emma Mams, Hattie Mar
P?Janie E. Pattison (2), Flossie
S?May Salley, Austin Schuyler,
Heyward Scott, Anna Shuler, Dave
Smith, A. D. Smoak, Mr3. Matilda
T?J. O. Thomas.
W?Georgiana Williams. Benjiman
JEWISH NEW YEAR.
Origin and Meaning of the Festival
Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New
Year, will fa.ll on September 23, this
year, and with its observance passes
the r>,672d year of the Hebrews. The
celebration begins on Friday evening
and lasts through Saturday for the
reformed Jews; through Sunday for
the orthodox Jews.
Rosh Hashana touches the hearts
of the children of Israel as does no
ether of the festivals and holidays.
It is known as the day of che blow
ing of the trumpets, which is also the
seventh new moon of the Hebrew cal
endar. The blowing of the trumpet
is a reminder to the Israelite that a
new period of time is begun. It is
a day of memorial, when Israel feels
himself held by God in remembrance.
The Biblical basis for the observ
ance of the first day of Tiahri as a
New Year's day and the most solemn
day of the Jewish calendar next to
Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atone
ment, is found in the reference to
Kikkaron ("memorial day") in Levi
ticus xxlii, 24, which reads:
"In the seventh month, in the first
day of the month, shall ye have a
Babbath, a memorial of blowing of
trumpets, a holy convocation." Ezra
also refers to the day as one "holy
to the Lord." Ten days from the
New Year the Day of Atonement is
.Julia Academy Locals.
Every body is busy picking cotton
around here now, and Mr. Eldridge
Sharp says he has made the most to
Rev. and Mrs. Posey dined at Prof.
Miss Katherine Toale gave a party
on Wednesday afternoon, Sept. 6, in
honor of her cousin, Richard Con
van, from New York.
After spending his vacation at
home Prof. K. R. Schoenberg has re
turned to his school at Iva where he
taught last year.
i.\lr. Jimmie Boles is spending a few
days at Abbeville.
We hear Mr. Morgan West is go
ing to move to his new home, but
sincerely hope it will not necessitate
his losing interest in our school as
he has been one of our best workers.
All are glad school time has re
turned, but sorry to give up the fol
lowing young ladies who have been so
helpful to our Literary Society,
Misses Nessie Boles, Meta Sawyer,
Mrs. OUie Schvenberg accompani
ed by Miss Annie Eliza Jones and
two children have made a most pleas
ant visit to Goodland Swamp, while
there they attended a meeting of
their Local Improvement Associa
tion, Mrs. Schvenberg thinks they
are quite alive to the work, the young
people espesialiy having already done
well and are still pressing on to ac
complish greater things.
Our last regular meeting was very
interesting the program was good
and well rendered.
We think it is remarkable the in
terest that Mrs. I.Morgan, an old lady
ninety-two years old takes in her
school, she has been donating to
ward it for quite awhile and not long
since she gave the preparing of a
white quilt to the Improvement As
sociation to dispose of in anyway
The Farmers Hank and Trust Com
pany, St. Matthews new bank, com
menced business on Friday. This
makes the third hank for St. Mat
thews. T'.ie sisterhood of financial
institutions, according to seniority, J
is: the St. Matthews Savings Bank,
capital $SO,000; the Home bank, cap-1
ital $25,000; Farmers' Hank and
^rust company, capital $25,000. The
selling price of the stock in the two
first named banks being at high pre
mium and the heavy deposits that
they carry would indicate that the
new bank willl find plenty of patro
nage without proving an injury to
the interests of the older institutions.
Hanging Badly Needed.
No less than five murders have
been committed in this county in
the last month. This is an awful
record and calis for a hanging or sev
eral of them. All the parties that
committed these killings are in jail,
and will be tried at the next court.
Seme thing should be done to stop
the carnival of blood that overruns
LOCAL NEWS HEMS
PICKED UP ALL OVER TOWN BY
What Is Happening Here and There.
Local Items of Personal Interest to
(M3bb Jessye Gramling has gone to
Miss Josie Murphy of Bamberg is
visiting Mrs. R. L. Berry.
Miss Annie Pearson has gone to
Rock Hill to ester Winthrop.
Over six hundred bales of cotton
was brought to this market on Satur
Mrs. J. A. (Salley has returned
home from a month's stay at Mon
Misses Jsabelle and Kathleen Wan
namaker are visiting relatives in
Everybody is sorry here that Co
lumbia failed to win the base ball
More cotton was sold here last
Saturday than any day for the past
Don't forget the benefit at Theato
to-day and night for the Kings
Miss Warner Hair went to Green
ville Monday to attend Greenville Fe
Mr. Gordon ITufigerpIller attends
the University of South Carolina in
Columbia this year.
Miss Leder Hungerpiller has left
for Gaffney. where she will attend
Miss Alma Davis has gone to
Kingstree, where she will teach in
the graded schools.
Sheriff Salley has brought Julius
Green, who is wanted here for mur
der, back from Savannah.
Misses Lusia and Ethel Watson, ci
Greenville, are the guests of their
aunt, Mrs. Adam H. Moss.
Mrs. Howard Dew, of Blacksburg,
is visiting at the home of her parents,
Dr. end Mrs. J. G. Wannamaker.
Miss Helen Lathrop left Tuesday
morning for Maysville to accept a
position in the Leesvllle College.
Mr. and .Mrs. L. H. Wannamaker,
Jr., and children have returned to
Charleston after a pleasant visit to
Mr. Mason Crum will leave In a
few days for Harvard university and
will pursue post-graduate work at
IMr. and Mrs. 0. B. Rosenger have
gone to Asheville, where Mr. Rosen
ger will attend the Southern Photog
Physical geography Is taught in
every graded school in the State, and
it should be taught in the Orange
burg graded school.
City Engineer Hawes, who resign
ed his position sometime ago to take
effect in a few weeks, will remain in
Orangeburg, and follow his profes
There will be a Woodman of the
World picnic at Two Mile Swamp
Thursday, Sept. 21st. The public
is Invited to attend and bring well
The Kohn catalogue is the best
book of its kind ever issued in this
part of the state. It is a perfect
style guide. A copy will be mailed to
you on request.
The South Carolina University op
ened on Tuesday with the largest at
tendance it has ever had. Orange
burg County, of course, helps swell
the student body.
It is sailing under false colors to
have a oook on the list as being
taught in a school when it is not
taught. It should either'be taught
or taken off the list.
We think the universal opinion is
that Health Office Schiffley has given
careful, painstaking attention to his
duties and that his services have been
most valuable to the city.
The forty-second annual session of
the Orangeburg Baptist Association
will convene with Salem Church, two
miles west of Woodford and North,
on Wednesday, the 11th day of Octo
Clemson College opened this year
with over eight hundred boys, the
largest attendance they have ever
had there. Orangcburg County is
well represented among the studen
There will be a lunch party for
the benefit of the Woman's Home
.Missionary Society at the home of
Mr. Vernon Brabham at Cope, Tues
day night. Sept. 26. The public is
Don't judge the schools by the hot
air that is now appearing in the
newspapers about them. Wait and
see how many scholarships the pupils
from them win in competition, and
judge them. That is the real test of
.Miss Leila Eubanks, from Alken,
has returned to her home after a
most pleasant visit to Miss Olie Hutto
of Holly Hill and friends at Black
ville. While in Holly Hill Miss Eu
banks was the recipient of many so
The Anderson Advocate says: "The
new mayor of Orangcburg is named
Sain. The Orangcburg Times and
Democrat seems to think that the
voters were temporarily insane when
they voted for him." Nothing The
Times and Democrat, ever said about
the election warrants any such st:'"c
At the Theato To-Day.
Two splendid films for Kings
Daughters benefit at Theato to-day.
A Kalem film?"A Cattle Romance."
A. charming western love story fea
turing George Melford and Alice
Joyce. And, "Snow Bound With a
Woman Hater." A delightful Vita
graph Comedy. Be sure to see them.
A Hundred Autumn Surprises
In These Handsome
One good friend of ours told us receLtly "Srrnehow
or other I can always dtpendcn rinding just thetrim
n.ing I want at Kchn's Store." That is true for this
reason: we woik hard to have in this ?tore only
what is stytah and new. Above all a COMPLETE
line of the color combinations is purchased, not one
or two but dozens.
Each season finds assembled here the richest novel
ties the dress designers show. We can name these
as authoritive. They are used on all the finest
dresses and gowns for this Fall and Winter.
Chenille fringe and bandings, tinsol and sib er color
ings showing the Elast Indian effects, ball fringe in
braid and pearl and beans, grand color lending in
the new Bulgarian bandings, allover of Oriental
These are not priced fabously high, for moderate
prices has been our standard alwa)s. For instance:
A rich design in brown, blue, ard grey finished in
silver and gold; a combination that tores up a dress
wonderfully is on sale for 25c the yard;
Splendid A Hovers in al' popular shades of blue
brown, tan, green, coronation etc., frcm 50c to 3.50
SAMPLES WILL BE MAILED ON REQUEST
Have You Sent For Your Style Book?
A Copy Is Waiting Here to Be Mailed to You
Write For It Today and Name Your Friends.
WE HOLD up Red Meat?the
chew for men. Always
good?better now ithan
ever. No spice to make your tongue
sore?no excessive sweetening to
make you spit yourself away and ruin
your stomach. Just high-grade North
Carolina tobacco, properly sweetened by
a perfect process. Sure s you 're born,
it's the real thing in good chewing.
Get busy today and find out for yourself.?
Cut out this ad. and mail to us with your
name and address for our FREE offer to chewers only.
Made only by LilPFERT SCALES Co., Winston-Salem, N. C.
i>. R, Aellic^rop
in one of the
"Giant" Firs Insurance
CALL ON HIM.
A SCENE FROM "THE NEST FOG."