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title: 'The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, September 23, 1911, Page PAGE THREE, Image 3',
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Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
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Inspector General |
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Mr. I. L. Sh<r
A movement is on foot to improve
the 'Columbia river above the Dalles
and in this way open a long stretch
of the Upper Co uinbia and Snake
rivers to navigation. If this is ac
complished it will be an important
link In the great scheme of inland
?waterways. Upon this arm of the sea
have floated the ships that were with
Dewey at 'Manila and with Sampson
at Santiigo. This commerce of the
world enterB its vaters. Cargoes of
tea, lumber, flour and wheat pass ov
er It and its foreign trade averages
twelve million do'lars a year..
The Columbia is the only fresh
water harbor on the Northwest coast
of our states. W;th its tributaries it
drains aeraes of New England, New
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and
Maryland. More than this, it is the
scenic wonder of the Northwest. Its
gorge is stupendious and its mighty
current puts to s iame even the Mis
sissippi, to which in size it is a close
Though this mighty river is a thriv
ing rival of the railroads its historp
/ calls to every tn.veler on Its waters.
People this stream with Jaun de Fuca
Bering, Gray and a long roll of Span
ish adventurers j.nd the Indians that
preceeded them, and every headland
will speak of thrilling incidents. It
was in 1805 that travel-stained and
weary Lewis and Clark, those dough
ty soldiers, reached the mour.h of the
Columbia after traveling 4,000 miles
from their starting point. They had
crossed the Rockies and traveled
along the Missouri. After reaching
the Columbia, they passed the winter
in the camp on the Oregon side at a
place they called Fort'Clatsop after a
neighboring tril-e of Indians. Cap
tain Gray had already entered tne
river's mouth and gave it the name of
his noble ship, but it remained for
Lewis and Clark to influence the Un
ited Stites to :"ollow up the claim
bassed on Gray's discovery and to
held the country west of the Rockies
and south of ti e 4 0th parallel.
One other name this mighty stream
has borne?and this is "the Oregon."
Its origin is shrouded in mystery?
one of the mary that envelope this
stream?-but it s known that Carver
used the void in describing a river
which he said tlie Indians told him
flowed to the W '.-<t and was ?o named.
Jefferson used the word Oregon in
his instructions to Lewis and Clark,
but it was really Bryant's "Thanatop
sis," that brought the name "Oregon"
into notice. Columbia or Oregon. It
presents many phases of wild nature.
The usual trip for sight-seers is to
the coasr where is the old fur trading
post, As:oria. and up the river to the
Dalles, but there is a delightful
stretch in Canada where the river
winds between the foothills of the
Rockies and the Se-lkirks. In one
rilace it widens into one of its mother
lakes, Lake Windemere. Just below
are salmon spawning grounds whe-e
twenty years .'.go the Kootenay In
dians fish in o.ie night, but this has
ceased since the salmon industry has
?been carried or so vigorously near Its
mouth. Anotler fascinating stretch
of the Upper Columbia is where it
widens into A "row Lakes, here the
scenery reminJs one of the Scotch
The historian will wish to take a
boat to Astoria and follow the course
made memorable by Lewis and Clark
and agents of John Jacob Astor. This
part of the river, though not as pic
turesque as the Upper Columbia,
teems with history. At its mouth the
river is seven miles wide and its tide
is so great it can be felt one hundred
and fifty miles. There are many re
minders of a hundred years ago?
among them Tongue's Point, Chinook
Point, Gray's 3ay and Astoria. The
View from the lighthouse at Cape
Disappointment is superb, (n the dis
tance are the government jetties, and
the lightship far out to sea, while
the waters tumble over the bar at
the mouth in a series of eddies and
Fort Columbia, at the river's
mouth, is equipped with the newest
of heavy marine ordnance and a short
distance away is Fort Clatsop where
Lewis and Clark camped. Whey they
left, feeling the uncertainty of re
turning East alive, they left notices i
with the Indians and in various places I
describing their journey and what
they had seen. It is a curious fact
that one of these In after years reach
ed Philadelphia by way of China. At
this end, too, the river is not alone
associated with Lewis and Clark. At
old Fort Voncouver, Grant, Sheridan
and other army officers w?re station
ad. Grant was there in 1852 and
Sheridan commanded the fort in
1 S56 and took part in two Indian up
Just as the Columbia, near its
mouth Is associated with history, ev
ery om agrees that the Bcenery of the
Upper Columbia cannot be duplicated
even by the palisades of the Hudson
or Mississippi. A succession of sur
prises continues for one hundred and
seventy-five miles to the Dalles. It is
beyond this that most of the improve
ments will be made and that are con
sidered necessary, for, ;.ust as this
great river in 1805 was a waterway
for savages, so today it is important
for civilized man. The canoes of the
I Indian have vanished and steamboats
have taken their place. At the en
1 trance to the Gorge one catches a j
! first glimpse of the titanic forms that
border on each side of she river.
It is also apparent why the Cas
j cade Mountains, are so named. Down
the rocky sides of the huge balastic j
projections that stand up sheer from
the stream are numerous beautiful
little falls. They pour from every
crevice, often from the mountain tops
and in one place at leasit twelve of
! these cascades with their foaming
j spray can be seen glistening like snow
wreaths. Some send down tiny
! threads of foam, others are beauties
j hidden in evergreen nooks, and still
j others spread over broad ledges like
veils. The most beautiful of these is
Multnomah Falls, S00 feet high, a
cascade In two groups, long, filmy and
falling with wonderful grace and gen
tleness. Other noted fai-s are Rridal
Veil, Latourelle, Horse Tail and One.
Cape Horn is the most prominent
projection on the Columbia banks. It
consists of pillars of 500 to 2,000 ft.
He Goes Out
high. The steamer passes close to this
rock and by Its side looks diminutive.
Further on Is Castle Rock, and im
mediately following is the odd Bridge
of the Gods. From abutmen s on the
mountain sides one can understand
that the Indians may have some foun
dation for their story that there nuce
existed a natural bridge whicl.
spanned the river. The Inaians say
they were able to cross the stream
dryshod and account for the disap
pearance of the bridge in various
ways. One legend tells that a dusky
maiden on the Oregon side was stolen
by her enemies on the other side of
the river. When her friends pursued,
the Indian tried to escape across the
bridge and in revenge the gods let
the bridge fall. This is but one of
several fanciful tales. Scientists think
that there may have been an uplift
across the stream, which if composed
of lava, would in the process of time,
be so eaten away that the water
would run through r.nd thus make a
natural bridge. Nearby this are the
queer submerged trees that were in
the water when Lewis and Clark saw
the stream. They are evidently sub
merged forests, stand in their natural
position and are twenty to thirty-live
feet high. They are supposed to lie
caused by landslides from '.he moun
tains damming the river.
That some unheaval took place is
evidenced by the Cascades, which are
new passed by means of a look. This
stretch of river has been called Rob
bers Roost because in early times the
Indians annoyed every exploring par
ty that tried to pass. From the Cas
cades to the Great or Celilo Falls the
scenery is of superlative degree, for
the river has eaten its way by means
of rapids, falls, whirlpools, through
the blackest of basalt. The Great
Falls are a drop of forty feet through
the dark, sombre looking lava and
the wafer falls as if for a thousand
miles above it had been nerving it
self for the ordeal. At the Dalles the
river begins to compress Into a nar
An intresting phase of the Colum
I bla River is the old Indian burial
grounds. 'Many of these were situ
ated on islanui near the Great Falls
and years ago the graves contained
many pieces of pottery and Indian or
naments. Another curious Indian
cemetery existed for years on the
bank of the river. Time and progress
of civilization have changed this old
spot, but early explorers found vaults
over the doors of which were painted
colored totems in the forms of ani
mals. Many kettles, baskets and
medicine bags have been taken from
.hese graves and remains of skulls
show that this tribe had some method
:?f Hattening the skull similar to that
employed by the Cliff dwellers.
A trip can be taken up the navi
gable Upper Columbia and back by
iioat in one day, or the tourney can
be made both by boat and rail. Eith
er way one enjoys unconventional
nature, holding forth in wild, riotous
>nd stormy moods. No softening
hand has changed the savage cliffs,
ihangeful waters, dangerous falls
and dainty cataracts.
The tremendous intensity of this
iver looks as if it might last forever,
o matter how much commerce may
uSS over its waters. The bar at its
(?uth was long ago robbed of its
errors and the lighthouses throw
??eir gleams across this stretch
???hieb once was considered so dan
The salmon fishers with their nets
and fish wheels now ply their trade
along the banks near which Lewis
[ ind Clark once made a salt camp.
:t is an interesting business?this
lalmoti catching, but that is another
story The mighty Columbia is first
.nd always a scenic wonder.
once it was the storm center in
\.nglo-American politics regarding
lie international boundary. Today,
t is a stream rich in historic asso
ciations and vast in economic resour
ces. If the dangerous parts
be made safe, if the dangerous parts
can be made safe, there seems little
limitation in the part it will play in
the scheme of inland waterways.
Breaks the Record.
The St. Matthews correspondent
of The State says: ' Several days ago
one Bill Plush, a aegro, broke the
man-shooting record by winging five
other negroes at one time at a hot
supper. One Charles Staley, a negro
living on the opposite side of the
county, out-distanced Plush the other
day in his race for the pennant for
the number of men shot at one time.
Staley went out on the warpath and
succeeded in pumping lead into 11
of his brethren before his ammuni
tion gave out. So far as can be as
certained this is a record-breaker."
Staley must have been loaded up On
mean booze or cocaine.
5 or 6 doses "666" will cure any
case of Chills and Fever. Price 25
'jitiful on Ihm C?nlinsnt
Prophecy Being Fulfilled.
In June, 1873, accordng to the
Philadelphia North American, Ed
? ward J. Ryan, chief justice of the su
i preme court of Wisconsin, gave this
I prophetic warning to the graduating
? class of the University of Wisconsin:
"There is looming up a new and
! dark power. 1 can not dwell upon
1 the signs and shocking omens of its
advent. The accumulation of indi
I j vidual wealth seems to be greater
I than it ever has been since the down
', fall of the Roman empire. The en
terprises of the country are aggre
gating vast corporate combinations
II of unexampled capital, boldly march
I ing, not for econmic conquests only,
I but for political power. We see
their colors, we hear their trumpets,
, we distinguish the sound of prepara
1 tion in their camps.
For the first time in our politics,
money is taking the field as an or
ganized power. It is unscrupulous,
arrogant and overbearing. Already
here at home, one great corporation
h s trifled with the soveri^n power
and insulted the state. There is
grave fear that it and its great rival
have confederated to make partition
of the state and share it as spoils.
"Wealth has its rights. Indus
trious wealth has its honors. This it
is the duty of the law to assert and
protect, though wealth has great
power of self-protection and inlluence
beyond the limits of integrity. Bait
money as a political inlluence is es
sentially corrupt: it is one of the
most dangerous to free institutions:
by far the most dangerous to the
I free and just administration of the
law. It is entitled to fear if not to
J "The question will arise, and arise
in your day. ihoitgh perhaps not fully
in mine: Which shall rule, wealth or
ir.Hn; which shall lead, money or in
'ollect: who shall fill public station,
educated and patriotic freemen or the
feudal serfs of corporate capital?"
The prophecy of Judge Ryan is
being rapidly fulfilled almost to the
letter. He certainly knew what he
was talking about when he made it.
It took the people a long time to
catch on, but we believe they have
their eyes open at last, and it begins
to look as if the thieving trusts will
be called to account.
Cotton Seed Wanted.
If you have any cotton
seed to sell or trade, see me
before selling at Adden Bros.
Warehouse, corner Railroad
and E. Russell St.
Car load lots solicited. Be
fore buying your Fertilizer see
me and get prices.
R. N. OWEN,
Agent for Kershaw Oil Mill..
The Trouble Mrs. Buchanan Had
And How She Finally Over
came It With Cardui.
Liverpool, W. Va.? Mrs. N. J
Buchanan writes from this place: "j
suffered for three years with womanl]
troubles, and had such pains I though'
I would die. I could not stand up Ions
enough to cook a meal. I would worl
a little, and then have to sit down. A
last, I had to be in bed half the time
My husband read a Cardui advertise
ment that described almost the way ]
felt, so I sent for some Cardui. Aftei
taking it, I began to get better righi
New, I am cured, and I am verj
grateful, indeed, for what Cardui ha;
done for me. I shall always praise It.'
Cardui is a woman's tonic?z
strengthening remedy for women
especially for women, from perfectlj
harmless, vegetable ingredients. That's
the reason for Its 50 years of success
It will pay you to test it for yourself
N. B? Write to: Ladles' Advisory Dept.. ChaMa
nooga Medicine Co., Chattanooga, Tenn., for Specia
Insi'ructions, and 64-page book, "Home Treatmea
for Women," tent In plain wrapper, on request
Pours out of the horn of the
exactly as It went Into the record.
Band, orchestra, violin, flute,
piccolo, piano, banjo, bells, cornet,
clarionet, trombone, 'cello, speech
or singing voice, solo or ensemble
?every note and tone is clear and
Good reason why?the machine
Is perfect. Let us play the "BN"
for yon to prove It. If yon bay yon
pay just $28.90 for the complete
outfit with needles and records.
Kasy terms if you like. Other
outfits from $20 tu $200.
Do you know that more than
one-fourth of the automobiles sold
in the WORLD to-day are Ford
Model T cars.
There must be a reason for such
immense sales. It will pay you to
investigate this matter before you
G. C. Bolen,
Agents for Orangburg County.
Neeses, i - ? South Carolina.
: Ti^fc Ha?)
WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME.
If you purchase the NEW HOME yon will
have a life asset at the price yon pay, and will
not have an endless chain of repairs.
it is the
in the end
If yon want a sewing machine, write tap
our latest catalogue before you purchase
The New Home Sewing Machine Co., Orange, Mass.
THEIR DRUG STORE
'If. isn't everything in the merchan
dise sold after all?it is really tho
personality behind the store that
brings you back again and again.
You feel satisfied when you get
your drug and household wants from
this drug store that you are getting
the best that human endeavor can
put into it.
The men here love their work.
They are experienced?competent
You are treated as a friend, not
just as an occaslona leustomer.
And, after all, we do business only
with our friends.
This drug sore does a careful busi
ness. It does a considerate business.
We are here to make a legitimate
are our friends and come to us with
profit and we are happy when you
your sick room needs, perscriptions
or toilet articles.
Why not always say "Wannamakers.'*
J. G, Wannamaker Wfg Co
Orangeburg, S. C.
What a Bank Account Does
at The People's Bank
It helps your credit.
It stimulates your courage.
It guards you against extrava
It gives you conhdence in your
It helps you hold up while you
are out of work.
It furnishes the best receipt for
all money you pay out.
It creates business habits that
will increase your savings.
It protects against loss by rob
bery and personal injury by rob
It enables 3 ou to pass over per
iods of sickness without embarrass
It makes you able to run your
business, instead of your business
It teaches economy, which is the
first round in the ladder to success
and prospuity. Your business wel
The People's Bank,
ELLOREE, S. C.
STORE YOUR COTTON
with the Standard Warehouse Co.
Dukes Avenue, Xear A. C. L. Depot.
and if you wish it, the Farmers
Loan and Trust Company will lend
you money on the receipt at a low
rate of interest.
T. B. Stackhouse, - - - President.
Geo. A. Schffley, - Local M*gV