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title: 'The times and democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1881-current, September 30, 1911, Page PAGE THREE, Image 3',
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Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
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Mr.1. L. Showe
^-^?- Gl"* ^
Much of romance attaches to South
America, growing out of the history
of its anicertt inhabitants and the
story of the invasion of white men
In both respects Peru is richer thai
any other part of the continent. V
was here that the Inca dynasty,
founded by Manco Capac, Son of the
Sun, had its seat; and here was the
stage upon which moved the thea
trical figure of Pizarro, greatest of
the Con'juistadores. Not even Mon
tezuma's capital can boast the anti
quity of Cuzco. It is the oldest city
in the New World and was ancient
when the Spaniards looted Its tem-:
A narrow strip of sandy coast
stretches for one thousand miles be
tween Ecudor and Chille. At the
back of it rides abruptly the purple
wall of the Andes, capped by a
chevex de fiirise of snowy peaks
which seem to pierce the very skies.
But at the greatest heights are mas
sive ruins which indicate that once,
in the long forgotten past, cities ex
isted in this inhospitable region,1
where storms of wind, rain and hail
are of constant occurrence.
Here one experiences greater
changes of ciimate and environment
in going three miles vertically than I
in going three thousand miles Iatl
tudinally. The ascc-nt from the hct,
barren littoral, is in through fertile!
foothills, to beautiful mountain val
leys, filled with luxuriant vegetation
and picturesque plateaux, sites of
jnfcities r.nd numberless hamlets.
'Thence up to the icy passes of the
belt of perpetual snow. On the oth
er sid*-". r.gain. rich, shallow valleys
and grassy plains. And beyond these
the Montana?the vr.si forest region
of the Amazon. i
This extraordinarily diversified tor-]
ritory of Peru ?contains enormous
mineral treasures and great agricul
tural resources, neither as yet ex-j
ploitcd in any appreciable degree.
The Deportment of Puno, in the'
south of the country contains one of!
the richest gold fields in the world,
where the auriferous material lies in
great banks, stretching for miles j
along the Hanks of the Andes at ele-i
vations of 15,000 feet, and more. It
has been estimated by experts that
the great bank of Poto holds more
gold than the total amount which
California has produced. On thej
eastern slope are enormous deposits!
of gold-bearing grave! on old river,
beds and lake bottoms. Everywhere
are excavations in the rock from
which the Incas. and later their inhu-j
man taskmasters, the Spaniards, min
ed the precious metal. Then it is
probable that vast quantities of pure
gold lie hidden under the ground and
beneath the waters of the lakes.
More than one Spanish writer has
expressed the belief that if the treas
ure buried by the Indians could be
recovered, it would be found that all
that the Spaniards obtained was lit
tle in comparison.
Silver is present in Peru in as
wide an area as gold, and perhaps in
larger quantities. The silver field
in the Department of Junin has yield
ed according to government reports,
upwards of $200,000,000 in the past
The altitude of its cities Is one of
the many peculiar conditions in Pe
ru, Callas, the pert, Is at sea-level.
Lima is reached from it by a half
hour's electric car ride, entailing on
ly a slight ascent. Most of the other
mportant cities are at elevations of
3,000 feet or over, Cuzco at 11.44".
rJuancavelica 12,530, Huaraz 10,000,
ind so on.
The situc-.tions of these highland
?ties, in their settings of mountain
cenery are singuarly beautiful. They
;uffer, however, from the disadvan
;ages of semi-isolation and s'.ov.', as
.veil as difficut, inter-communication.
Huaraz is a typical illustration. It
stands in a valley 100 miles in length
ind from two to five miles in
oreadth. On either sides the cordil
'.eras raise their hoary heads. The
mtrance to the valley trom the coast
's by a pass lS.u^O f(et abo?'e sea
evel and the exit from it to the east
?.hrough another at 15,000 feet eleva
ion. A river, which rises in one of
the remarkable mountain lakes of
?Peru, fiows through tae valley and
In chis Upper1 Andes* '
waters a considerable cultivated area.
Tlie city is bulit of i-tone, after the
usual Spanish-Ameican style, with
a central plaza, ;i cathedral, and a
few public buildings Through the
valley are dotted here and there a
number of smaller towns and puebios,
bringing its total population up to
about 1 0.000, the greater part of
whom are Cholo Indians. Half the
valley's mhabitans live in Huaraz.
The people of the outlying villages
are engaged in agriculture. Those of
the city gain a living by mining and
commerce with the exterior. The
means of communication with the
'coast and points on the e:.stern slope
: is over ditliicult mountain paths, and
! burdens are carried by mules and
In these mountain valleys great
I herds of alpacas, vicunas, and llamas
j are pastured. The last named are as
'common a sight as pariah dogs in the
j mofussll of India. In the clays of
! the Incas the llama was the sole
beast of burden and to this day it is
! the surest and most useful in the
Lima is an attractive city archi
tecturally, but its location on the
coast makes it uncomfortably hoi
durin_ the greater part of the year,
although the climate is unusually
healthy. It is distinctly a cosmopoli
tan city?Italians, Germans, French,
Austrian, Chinamen and British are
fcund there in considerable numbers,
and among ihem a sprinkling of,
Americans, who make up for their.
lack of numbers by the importancej
of the interests which they represent, j
The Peruvian of the capital is
much the same as the better class
or' Latin-Americans elsewhere?a
dignified, genial, cultured, and hos
pitable gentleman. The Peruvians
are justly proud of the fact that Lima
contains the oldest university in the
New World and - one of the finest
libraraies of Snpnish literature. The
influence of this seat of learning is
easily traceable in the native resi
dents of the city.
Among the better class of the in
jterior to\v::s, mes'tos, or perrons v.i'h
'a mixture of Indian blood, are in the
majority. They arc generally fairly
;well educated, intelligent, and eager
for knowledge of the outer world.
However, they display a marked lack
of refinement and want of the ap
preciation of the comforts of life.
Kviti when the ability to do otherwise
exists, they commonly live in a prim
itive manner and without regard to
.cleanliness and hygiene. Indeed, were
it not for the extreme health fulness J
of tbe mountain climate, the Andean
cities would be centres of disease.
Bospite their courtesj and hospitali
ty, this distaste for water malus thej
Peruvian gentleman of the interior'
unattractive to Anglo-Saxons.
Tbe Cholo Indians are a simple,
docile people, although semi-savage'
in the remoter districts. They have
the usual characteristic of mountain
eers, poetical temperament, tinged
with melancholy and tainted with
superstition. They are extremely
hardy and courageous. A Cholo will
make long and fatiguing journeys,
abstaining altogether from food for
to Chastise an Edi
fla?*s at a time, sustained almost sole
ly by the cocoa leaves, which are
chewed in the same manner as the
Kaffirs of South Africa eat the kola
nut under similar circumstances.
Honesty is among the many admir
able traits?of the C'.'olo. He i; a good
husband and father, and unlike most
Indians, does not impose the heayist
burdens on his women.
Unfortunately the taste for alcohol
I has taken a strong hold on the.-:e peo
| pie, and drunkenness is prevalent
i among men and women.
j We hear a good deal of talk of
reclamatory work among the vicious
, poor, and certainly there is need of
such work. But there is quite as
much need that similar work be done
among the vicious rich. Of the two
classes the rich are the more danger
ous to society because in the power
which wealth, social position, and
education give them their facilities
; for wrong doing are greater and their
example and influence more potent.
Horses and Mules
Vvwill sei at auc'ion to the
h ghest bidci r for ca.^h al Orarge
burg ( ou t House, 5' uih Carolina,
on-f e6th day of November, 1911,
which Will he the first Monday.
oil wr-11 bred hot' es and ext a nice
mules. In this ?a!e will have some
mares with foal, some horse and
FARMERS, if you w'-ll attend
this sale we know you will be ab'e j
to buy stock of all description di
rect from he West well worth the I
money. Remember the day and
place, and don't fail to be on hand.
WESTERN HOUSE AND MI LE CO.,
$10.00 a Day easily made selling our
new census >niaps. Agent wanted
In each county. Huse Co., Atlanta,
Order Now?We are ready to fill all
your orders. Write for price list.
Charleston Fruit Co., Charleston,
.Small Cost?large profits breeding
. . Duroc .Jersey Hogs of finest strains.
I can supply you. r rank C. Mor
ris, Trivilians, Va.
lor Sale?Five thousand bushels
Genuine Rust Proof Seed Oats.
Prices very low. Address I. AI.
Pearlstine & Sons, Charleston.
Kslublislied ?701. I). A. Walker, 152
.Meeting St.. Charleston, S. C. Mar
ble aid granite works, Iron and
; Wire fencing. Send for prices.
I For Sale?One hundred thousand
hand made cypre 3 shin '.1. s, at
I $5.50 ;*. ii. b. Summcrville, S. C.
i Apply Box 5'.), Sumnii rviile, S. C.
Kor Sa!??Trained coon and oppos
stini Hounds, Ked B-onu Kos and
Cat Hounds, trained Pointers and
Setters. M. L. Crawford, Tiger,
tor Sale?a Jersey Red Una-, weight
225 pounds, $15.00. Special price
madu un Borkshires and Mulefcot
ed i-igi-, Norman Davis, Selbyville,
tgents?-neu and wruien, if you
want to earn ??"> to $10 day, with I
an article that will sell at sight, 1
no taiking, address Ktin.ka Mfg.
Co., Young's Island, S. C.
Ijargv Supply of South .Mullets. Can
ship daily half barrel to 10-barrel
lots. Live stock. Lei order come
at once. A. S. Simmons, Mar
ket street, Charleston, S. ('.
Pine Farm Lands for sale?Write C.
M. Simmons, Blakeley, Ga, for
best locations and prices on Ideal
farms; laige and small In Early
and joining counties; soutuwest
Wanted Students?Write Southern
Automobile College, Oak Ridge, N.
C. No equal South. No superior
North. Thorough equipment. Hon
est, reliable, practical courses.
Positons for graduates.
Valuable North Carolina Farms?We
have several valuable tobacco, cot
ton and grain farms in Chatham
by Ryan Walker
imble, There's No Place Like Home."
from the lake, from the sea
shore, from the dress) hotel,
from the fishing camp, from
the old farm, from a ftw
days "off," and from all sorts
of outings. "Nowheie to
come but back," and mighty
glad of it. No nicer town
in the world to come back
to, and we all help to make
it so, if we do say it our
Now you're home again
how abaut your clothes? Is'nt
your wardrobe a little de
pleated after the hard racket
you have given your clothing
during your outing? If so,
we just want to remit d you
that our FALL and WIN
titing for you. Prettier, sweller, or more desirable suits )cu r.? ver
5 the home of n< w ideas av? we will wager anythirg that you w ill
we name. Come see.
igeburg, South Carolina.
Largest stock of Steel Split, Wood split and Universal Cast Iron Split
Pulleys with Interchangeable bushings, carried. Let us have your orderti.
At least favor us with your Inquiries.
COLUMBIA SUPPLY COMPANY,
823 West Gervais Street.
Columbia, S. CX
and Wake counties for sale. Full
description sent on application. A.
C. Hughes & Co., Apex, N. C.
Wanted?Men to take thirty day's
practical course In our machine
shops and learn automobile buiii
ness. Position securec*. graduates.
$2") per week and up. Charlotte
Auto School, Charlotte, N. C.
Crimson clover, 1 Sc pound; alfalfa,
best, 30c pound; hairy vetch, 15c
pound; Oregon vetch, IOC ponrd;
onion seeds, red, white and yellow.
51.GO; Bermuda, ?2. .Mark W
Johnson Seed Co., Atlanta, Ga.
The O'eorgin Trading Company, For
syth, Oa.. ofer3 for sale the fellow
In* lands: 1OU acres, ') 1-2 mile*
freu railway station, 4-roonv
house, $1,500; 27u acres, 2 miles
from station, several tenant
houses, $2,i)iti); 326 acres, good
residence, several tenant houses
moderately level, per acr?. $20.
Many other places for sale, all
cheap and on easy terms. Write for
price list. The Georgia Trading Co.
Forsyth, Ga. 3
I Money to Lend, f
I We are prepared to |
X lend money upon good |
& security, such as farm |
? lands, city lot-, etc., in ?
$ any reasonable amount |
? required. ?
% The loans may be re- I
% paid in instalments or
% otherwise, just as de
% sired. The rate of in
o terest will run from six
% to eight per cent., ac
? cording to the location
0 of t'te property and the
% margin of security.
1 Wolfe & Berry,
? Attorneys, ?
^ Orangcburg, S. C. J
Strains and Sprains, but apply
Noah's Liniment. It is anti
septic and will take the poison
and soreness out quickly, when
all else fails.
Noah'a Liniment will nave
any amount of pain and can
be taken internally for CshV,
Cramps, etc. Nothing better
Nonli'i Liniment Is the best remedy for
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Luine L>R':k, Stiff
Joints and Muscles. Sore Thront, Colds,
Strains, Sprains, Cuts,
Flrulses, Colic, Cramps,
and all Nerve, hone
and Muscle Attics ami
Pains. The genuine has
Noah's Ark on every
package ami lo:>ks li io
this cut, but h:s KKD
band on front of pack
AK3 ami " Noah'* Lini
ment" always In RED
Ink. Beware of imita
tions. Larce bottle, 25
cents, and sohl by all
dealers In modi ein0.
Guaranteed or money
refunded by Noah
Itemed y Co., Inc.,
Cotton Seed Wanted.
If you have any cotton
seed to sell or trade, see me
before selling at Adden Bros.
Warehouse, ccmer Railroad
and E. Russell St.
Car load lots solicited. Be
fore buying your Fertilizer see
me and get: prices.
R. N. OWEN,
Agent for Kershaw Oil Mill..