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CHE appointment of blind com
missions In various States, the
opening of. numerous experi
ment stations for the blind, the
organizations of the New York Asso
ciations for the blind and the opening
-of the Sunshine Blind Babies Home In
Brooklyn?all within the past five
years leads people to think that the
psychic moment has arrived when the
blind of this country will receive the
.-attention they deserve. Europe baa
?been for many years more progressive
than we in the care of these unfortu
nates but we are at last beginning to
appreciate the need of economic
?equipment for those afflicted with the
Joss of sight. If the movements to
?ward bettering our facilities for the
"blind increase it is hoped that those
suffering with blindness will be eman
cipated from the narrow field to which
they are relegated. There are striking
-examples of what blind persons can
-do, and what one can do, others can
Though in the last on? hundred and
fifty years two blind women, one in
France and one In Austria, helped
toward Instructing fellow sufferers, it
?was Valentine Hauy who printed the
first book for the blind and founded
;he National Institute for the Blind in
Paris in 1704. Here both sexes aro
trained to meet the world. There are
technical, musical and manual train
tag courses and an employment bu
reau which Is remarkably successful.
PU.no tuners, makers and saleswomen
have left the Institute prepared to
make livings and eight of the famous
ehurche? Is Pr-!?> have orsranlsts edu
cated here. |
Fully fifty years after the foundation I
of this Institute the first American |
schools for the blind were founded,
by Dr. Frledlander, of Philadelphia,
and Dr. Howe/ of BoBton. Dr. Howe
had already educated Laura Brldgman
and Dr. Frledlander started the school
at Overbrook, Pa., which Is today one
of the most progressive Institutions In
the country and possesses the most
beautiful grounds of any such school.
Since then, the movement has grown
so that many States have Institutions
for the blind. Although efforts aro
[made to prevent Infantil, blindness,
land these schools are, as a rule, well
equipped, the home teaching societies
i In '..nerlca are Infeiior to those'
abrou?. Recently, the legislature 01
Massachusetts made an appropriation
to employ three- blind teachers and
Khoco Island and PoBhsylvanla have
Home Teaching Societies, but New I
York haa no expropriation for this
purpose. Neither are our l.brarles or
magazines for the blind equal to thoso
abroad, though Mrs. Zeigler estab-'
llshed a magazine which will be print- !
ed both in 3raille and New York
Point This raised print which Is unl- j
versally used is the Invention of Louis
Braille, a teacher In the National In- !
stltute for the Blind. He died without
seeing his alphabet adopted but it con
slats of using sic dots to represent the
various twenty-six letters. The New ,
York point Is a horizontal adaptation i
of the six points which in Braille are
In order to al;d the blind to become
self-supporting and obtain worl- the i
T^A 77} i
New York Association for the Blind
was organized a short time ago. In
tht few ;.vars of Us existence it has
done wonders In helping people
through the fearful depression that
follows the loss of sight and In teach
ing and providing work. Its mission
is largely among the adult blind. In
Pennuylvania and other states a
teacher Is sent to the homes to In
struct. One difficulty these teachers
report Is lack of sufficient books for
tho blind in libraries, seme having
none at all, and others providing only
one type. The need of public libraries
supplying these books will be appre
ciated when one reilects what a com
fort reading is to allllcted persons. The
libraries of the Valentine Hauy Asso
ciation in France are kept by blind li
brarians, who need no outside help.
Four gentlemen are employed to cata
logue and superintend. They have
four hundred copyists putting ink
print into Braille, a shipping depart
ment from, which books are sent to
the blind throughout France and other
countries, and they publish two maga
to llie Jt
Pig-- ? ? ?
Pfff > . -v . ..
'zines for the sightless. Much of this
! success Is duo to M. de la Slzeranne,
! "General Secretary of tho Blind and
Invalids," a philanthropist and author
who has succeeded in obtaining the co
' operation of the best thinkers every
One persistent and remarkable stum
bling block that blind educators have
i to contend with is the reluctance of
) parents of sightless children to send
I them to school where they can be
taught to be useful. In many Instances,
.there are people so Iprnorant that they
do not know such schools exist, but It
is a selfish affection which will allow
a blind child to grow up without be
j lng equipped for life. For this reason.
I some of the best schools In the coun
try, among them the Western Penn
sylvania Institution for the Blind, Bend
'out field workers who search for and;
urge on parents the importance of
sending their children to school. At
such homes this means a chance to
obtain an opportunity to lead a use
ful life but most Institutions have 'ists.
[of parents who wli! noi fit hp '
tlons for help.
This semns Incredible when It is
known how much good such a school
like the Western Pennsylvania Institu
tion for the Blind accomplishes. It
haT a literary department, end music,
manual training and Industrial arts
A new feature Is a store In which
practical salesmanship is taught in con
nection with and as a part of the
business course. Each month two of
the senior boys conduct the store, one
as a storekeeper, the other as a clerk.
The next month, the storekeeper Is re
tired, the clerk li promoted to store
keeper and a new clerk Is added. In
ventories are made each month, addi
tional goods ordered, ledger kept in
Braille, bills rendered on the type
writer and receipted in longhand and
a statement of business made. Such
things as candy, cakes, collar buttons
and small notions are kept. A recent
addition Is a printing office to copy
bonks Into tfraille. Books, choruses
and - '"as are Charged ;-.nd itenog
nectlon.wlth the work.
It Is generally conceded that If a
child can be taken early In lire and
taught, half of the battle Is won. Re
alizing this, Cynthia Westover Alden
started the Sunshine Home for Babies
in Brooklyn. Previous to the opening
of this home there were only two
places where blind babies could be
cared for?In Boston and Hartford.
Twenty-five babies are now In this
Sunshine Home. They come from va
rlrus States, puny little things, fearful
of everything. Under the kindness
and kindergarten training they learn
to play, dig in the soil. Jump and en
jo:- what other children do. The Home
is non-sectarian and all nationalities
are admitted. Some of the cases come
from spinal meningitis and scarlet
fever, but many Instances of blindness
in children are due to lack of proper
care at time of birth and after. It
in conceded that over 30 per cent of
blindness is unnecessary, 25 per cent,
being caused by Infant opthalmla,
[which is a preventable disease and for
I which the law holds the person in
charge at the birth of a baby respon
sible. Few realize the number of
blind children among the poorer
classes and the Influences that sur
round them often stunt them mentally
and physically. A blind child Is apt
to lead a neglected life without the
play and study that other children
Gradually but surely the education
of the blind 1b rising to a higher plane
and the time will slowly come when
It will be provided for by an educa- i
tional fund. It will then cease to be
a charfty and become an accepted
means of assisting persons to earn
their livings. This Is what the blind
desire. When It was decided to found
tho Buffalo Association after the New
York Association was started, two
blind b?";gars who mado a living In
this way, asked to be taught some
trade whereby they could feel self
j rrspe'et. Fortunately, it is gradually be
> understood that the blind excel in
certain occupations. Massage by tbm
blind Is an accepted business in Lon
don, in Japan out of one thousand
masseurs, nine hundred were blind.
Their sense of touch is so acute that
at Overbrook maasaye is an Important
part of the curriculum.
In fact. It Is wonderful what the
blind can do If they are given an op
portunity to learn and to apply their
knowledge. A blind electrician keeps,
the bells and batteries In order In the
New York Association and two blind
girls act as secretaries in the ofli..-.
This association asks the public to dic
tate letters to these girls and to .
phonographic records and let lb
typewrite them. They have pupil*
give shampooing, faolal and sea!;; si...
sage, that xune pianos, make b:< ..?
(of rafia and sweet grass, knit and < <? -
che, and prepare bead work, espc i?!>
artistic lamp shades to match drupe .t
and walls. Every effort Is tnadn i r
have the public employ these train -i
blind persons and to send them llVkria
for concerts, theatres and leciur?'='.
Present efforts for the blind ma; Im
in their Infancy, but certain thing* w
established as essential for their relief.
Among them are laws to prevent or
accessary blindness, kindergarten
training, technical and manual train
ing, special classes for backward blind
children, scholarships for qualified
blind students, shops where the blind
can carry on their trades, borne teach
i Ins associations, bureaus of Information,
employment bureaus, homes for oee-d
and Infirm blind, free circulating li
braries and reduced car fare for blind
people and their guides. But the stu
dents of conditions that surround blind,
people feel that what la wanted moth
of all Is occupation. Whether theeir
afflicted persons ore taught at homo
or in some institution or in the publfci
schools, as has been tried in Chicago,,
the cry Is the some. That cry 1st
"Light comes through work." Onco
equipped to meet the world half wajr
j the fetters will seam leu cruel.
?. R, AlelllcIpMTjp
m one of the
"Giant" Fire Insurance
CALL ON HIM.
The People's Bank.
Orangeburg, South. Caroliri.
Capital Stock 50,000
Surplus and profits 14,500
Liability , of Stock
Protection to Deposi
Highest rate of interest paid
in SAVINGS DEPART
And will pay 4 1-2 per
cent on CERTIFICATES
We want your account.?We guarantee abaolute safety to de
positors and every courtesy to all customers. We keep your
money for you free of charge and pay you interest. We have
ample resources to give you accommodations. Safe, consen -
tlve, successful; protected by Fire Insurance and Burglar i j?
ourance. Call and see us or write ua.
D. O. HERBERT,
B. F. MUCKEXFUSS,
J. W. OULLEB
I Money to Lend. j
J We are prepared to
? lend money upon good
I security, such as farm
t lands, city lot*, etc., in
a any reasonable amount
& The loans may be re
paid in instalments or
otherwise, just as de
sired. The rate of in
terest will run from six
to eight per cent., ac
cording to the location
of tSe property and the
margin of security.
Wolfe & Berry,
Orangeburg, S. C.
Horses and Mules
We will sell ^at auction to the
h'ghest bidder for cash at Orange
burg Couit House, Sc ulh Carolina,
on the 6th day of November, 1911,
which wili be the first Monday.
all well bred horses and extra nice
mules. In this sale will have some
mares with foal, some horse and
FARMERS, if you will attend
this sale we know you will be able
to buy stxr.k of all description di
rect from the West well worth the
money. Remember the day and
place, and don't fail to be on hand.
WESTERN HORSE AND MULE CO.,
What a Bank Account Does
at The People's Bank
It helps your credit.
It stimulates your courage.
It guards you against extrava
It gives you confidence in your
It helps you hold up while you
are out of work.
It furnishes the best receipt for
all money you pay out.
It creates business habits that
will increase your savings.
It protects against loss by rob
bery and personal injury by rob
It enables you to pass over per
iods of sickness without embarrass
It makes you able to run your
business, instead of your business
It teaches economy, which is the
first round in the ladder to success
and prospeiity. Your business wel
The People's Bank,
ELLOREE, S. C.
THEIR DRUG STORE
It isn't everything in the merchan
dise sold after all?it is really the
personality behind the store that
briu;rs you back again and again.
You feel satisfied when you get
your drug and household wants from
this drug store that you arc getting
the best that human endeavor can
put into it.
The men here love their work.
They are experienced?competent
You are treated as a friend, not
just as an oceasiona icustomer.
And, after all, we do business only
with our friends.
This drug sore does a careful busi
ness. It does a considerate business.
We are here to make a legitimate
are our friends and come to us with
profit and we are happy when you
your sick room needs, perscriptions
or toilet articles.
Why not always say "Wannamakers."
J. G. Wannamaker MTg Co
Orangeburg, S. 0.
The mother of Miss Mopsie Bea
toun was a fascinating widow and
Mopsie didn't want a step-father, so
became the censor of her mother's
conduct. An amusing plot unfolds
in "Heartbreak Hill, by Herman K.
Viele. Formerly published at $1.50;
now FIFTY CENTS at Sims' Book
Notice of Discharge and Call To Cred
On October 16th, 1911, we will file
our final account ?s Executors of the
estate of Frank E. Jones, deceased,
with the Judge of Probate for Or
angeburg County, and will thereupon
ask for our discharge as such Execu
All persons having claims against
the estate of Frank E. Jones, deceas
ed, will present the same to the un
ersigned, on or before October 14th,
1911, or be debarred payment.
Executors of Frank E. Jones, deceas
ed. Sept. 11th, 1911.
Notice is hereby given that on
Tuesday the third day of October,
1911, the undersigned will file with
the Judge of Probate in and for the
County of Orangeburg, South Caro
lina, their final account as adminis
trators of the estate of Emanuel E.
Bull, deceased, and will thereupon
apply to the Probate Court fo rtheir
final discharge as such administra
All persons holding claims against
the estate of the said Emanuel E.
Bull, deceased, must present their
claims duly proven to the undersign
ed, or to Glaze &. Herbert, Attorneys,
Orangeburg, S. C, on or before Mon
day the second day of October 1911,
or be debarred payment; and all per
sons indebted to said estate must
make payment to the undersigned on
or before the last mentioned date.
(Mrs.) Harriet E. Bull,
David G. Dantzler,
Adminstrators Estate Emanuel
E. Bull, deceased, Vance, S. C.
The fall TeauMiei's Examniation
will be held at the Courthouse on
Friday, October C, beginning at nine
o'clock a. m.
L. W. Livingston,
9-23-4 Supt. Education, O C.
Cotton Seed Wanted.
If you have any cotton
seed to sell or trade, see me
before selling at Adden Bros.
Warehouse, corner Railroad
and E. Russell St.
Car load lots solicited. Be
fore buying your Fertilizer see
me and get prices.
R. N. OWEN,
Agent for Kershaw Oil Mill..
T. F. DEAS,
HORSE SHOEING A SPECIALTY.
All Work Entrusted to Me
Promptly Attended To
Money to Loan
<? ? am prepared to negoti
<? * ate first mortgage loans
\> on improved farm proper
o lies, at seven per cent in
? terest. These loans are
repayable in instalments,
no commissions being
charged thereon. Call
and let us explain their at
J. Stokes Salley f
Atty. at Law
NO. 7 LAW RANGE
There is no use in trying! You
can't stop a man on his way to
L. B. BOLIN'S
To get some of those
Dry Goods, Clothing and Shoes,
Harness, Bagging and Ties,
Farm Produce and Fertilizers,
; Seal of Ohio flour and Improved
Cotton Seed a Specialty
Neeses, S. C.
H. W. STOUOENWlRE.
Agent for Reading
Standard and other good
Bicycles. See me be
fore you buy. First class
repairing of Guns, Sew
ing Machines, Bicycles,
W 212 Church St. \j
/A Phone 434-L. i
I Don't Deceive Yourself Thinking,
"Lumber is Lumber/'
and that you can buy It haphazardly with price the only thought
in view. Much good natur lumber is spoiled in the process of
manufacture or the way it is cared for after manufactured.
The only way you can be sure of good lumber Is
to see what you are getting before you buy.
We have it here for your inspection and can save yon
money and give you the best to be had, and when you want it.
Let us figure with you and show you just what you will
Also handle best line of all other building material, such
as: Lath, Shingles, Sash, Doors, Blinds, Brick, Plaster, etc.
Shipments to all parts of the South. Any quantity.
START THAT HOME NOW.
"THERE'S NO PLACE LntE HOME."
Let's talk It over at close range and show you how little
it costs for a nice home>
Orangebarg lumber and Supply Company,
ORANGEBURG, S C.
Duke Avenue and Barton Street. 'Phone 442.
That E. E. Culler has car loads
of Buggies, Wagons, Harness
One S.000 pound capacity Milburn log wagon at a bargain. Also
one, two and three horse wagons.
BUGGIES?Any style and any quality. Any price. The High
Point Buggy is as good as any that ever came to Orangeburg for
the money. The Oxford Buggy Is better than any buggy at the
same price. The Sandford Buggy has no equal In quality. We
have otherd in stock, such as: Delker, Parry, Peerless and Capital.
All high grade and well finished vehicles.
Over 100 sets of Harness to pick over. Such as Montgomery
Moore Ab Go's. None better. Smoak and McCreary's are made up
to-date. The Superior Harness, fine quality is always there. Graft
and Moesbtach make good harness. Martin and Robertson are first
Come in and look our Sttock over and get prices.
The most important is quality, prices and quantity.
Phone 124L E. E. CULLER
We Are Still Doing Business at the Old Stand
And are better prepared to serve our customers than ever before
Just received a car load of high grade buggies and surries. All styles
and colors. Harness, lap robes, umbrellas and sun shades of all styles;
colors and shapes on hand. One and two horse wagons on hand at
all times. Will make you the lowest prices consistent with first class
goods. Call and see us before buying. Respectfully,
L. E. RILEY, ? ? Orangeburg, S. C.
Popular Novels, 50e. Sims Book Store