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COTTON BOOI, WEEVIL
DEADLY PARASITE ENTERED
THIS COUNTRY IN 1902.
Since Then it Has Advanced State by
State. ? South Carolina Will Be
The cotton Boll Weevil, known to
science as Anthonomus grandis, that
is. Grand Flower-feeder, because he
feeds on the flower of cotton, the
?world's most important textile plant,
entered the United Spates at Browns
ville, Texas, in 1892, having wored
tip from his original home in Guate
mala when cotton fields stretched a
cross Mexico. The insect has long
been resident in Cuba and is proba
bly indigenous there.
The Cotton Boll Weevil belongs to
the Snout beetles, a family which is
well represented in this country, for
*he peach and plum curculio, the pea
curculio, the rice weevil, the gran
ary weevil, the chestnut weevil, the
corn billbug, are all allied to it?
cousins so to speak.
In Texas the Cotton Boll Weevil
found its hardest task, on account of
a climate unusually dry and hot in
summer, and subject to sudden se
vere changes in winter, accentuated
by lack of cover.
Moreover the natural enemies of
the insect were disorganizd. Texas
was filled vith shooting clubs and
market hunv. 13. There was a con
tinual bombardment going on from
the Sabine to the Rio Grande. Every
thing that flapped a wing furnished
a target. Prairie chickens, the mag
nificent pinnated grouse of the prai
,tries, were shipped to market in car
' loads and at last exterminated for
none exist in Texas today except a
lew in isolated localities. The sav
ing of tbis one bird would have sav
ed Texas millions of dollars, for they
are wide rangers and vigorous feed
ers, and were evenly dispersed over
In 1907, fifteen years after it en
tered the United States the Boll Wee
vil entered Louisiana, causing a loss
of 75 per cent to the cotton crop of
the State, which is about the dam
age in the infested portions of Miss
The weevil has shown no signs of
dying out, but is as numerous in
Mexico and Texas as it was fifteen
years ago. It attacks all kinds of
Parasites (insects which raise their
young on ether insects) have not ful
filled the predictions made for them,
iut have had no appreciable effect
on the spread of the Boll Weevil.
An active agent in destroying the
larva, however, has been the ant
The reason that parasites do so
little in checking the weevil lies in
the weevil'c life history. The eggs
ds laid in the square or the boll, the
larva (a white grub) hatches inside
boll or square and puptas ther.
Only the adul form emerges and
grown weevils are not easy for a par
elte to work on, with their bodies
encased in hard covers.
It has become clearer, with the
field work of each year, that there
was but one final check on the rava
ges of tlhe Boll Weevil and that check
was the bird host.
No one has ever disputed that birds
eat the insect freely, and investiga
tions of the Biological Survey show
that 65 species feed on the insect.
In the front rank are swallows of all
kinds, bank swallows, barn swallows,
rough-wing swallows and so on; a
close second- is furnished by night
hawks (builbats) and chimney swifts
while purple martins (members of
the gwallow family) are it eat de
stroyers of Bo:I Weevils.
flo take a simile from the exper
ience men, we take our food where it
may be had easiest, as a general
rule. There are many things we
would sometimes prefer to eat and
would eat those things, except that
time and trouble are required to
have them; so we fall back on the
food furnished by grocers and other
The bird (and all animals in fact)
pursues the same course. Most birds
must have a certain definite amount
of insect food in order to keep heal
thy, and there are Insects more pala
table to them than are other insects;
but when any particular insect is
abundant and easy to get, provided
birds eat it all, they will take that
insect rather than go afield on the
uncertain /Chance of finding some
The Boll Weevil being everywhere
abundant where found and confined
to fields furnishes this easy food
supply and hence is taken in great
quantities. Moreover most birds
relish the insect and eat it with avi
dity. Therefore, it is clear that God
has placed in our hands the remedy
with which to stay the pest and a
Just today reports riy in from all
parts of South Carolina as to dama
ges done by the Cotton Leafcater
piller (Argillacea alabama) and this
pest is eaten by birds; too numerous
to mention. Prof. Conradi is au
thority or the statement thnt black
birds cleaned these caterpillars off
ten thousand acres of cotton near
Dallas, Texas, in a day's time.
But to our mutton:
Cultural methods will not save
South Carolina. There are no sum
mers so hot as the summers of Texas
(thermometer 130 degress in mid
summer 1909?government reading),
nor are ever winters visited with sud
den cold, low enough to destroy in
sects. Winter cover is abundanc in
'/ji-anch bottom, river swamp,
wood lot, briar patches and other
covered areas in South Carolina.
Our one hope lies in saving the
birds. The small politician has so
far defeated the will of the people
and blasted the hope of intelligent
Is the small poli:ician of more val
ue than many children? Is he dear
er to us than our women? Is he, the
Overlord of the rural districts and
HORSE AND AUTO RACES.
I Will Be Held at the County Fair
During Three Days.
The gentlemen having the matter
in charge have arranged to have
three days of horse and auto racing
at the County Fair in Novemher.
(On Tuesday, November 14, which is
[the opening day of the Fair, the au
tomobile races will take place, and
on Wednesday and Thursday follow
|in!3 the horse races will be pulled
off. Considering the shortness of
time in which the committees had to
work, they have arranged some very
The automobile races, which are
in charge of a committee composed
of Messrs. C. R. Culler, Chairman,
L. Bennett and W. S. Barton, Jr.,
will he worth seeing. They have
arranged as follows.
Three Auto Races.
1. Fifty Mile Race (for cars
with 4 1-2 cylinder bore and under)
stripped as desired. 'First Prize
$100. Second $50.
2. Ten Mile Race for strictly
stock cars with four inch cylinder
bore and under, less top, lamps and
wind shield. Prize $25.
!. Five Mile Race, free for all,
I open to any car except special equip
ped or stripped cars. Cjash Jrize
Entrance fee will be $10 for each
car entering in first and second rac
es. All entrances must be made be
fore Nr-'ember 10th. Any informa
tion desired may be had from chair
jman of the committee, Mr. Cecil R
Two Days Horse Racing.
Messrs. W. M. Sain, Chairman, J.
C. Fairey and John Rast, committee
I in horse racing have arranged an in
| teresting two days program for Wed
nesday and Thursday, November 15
and 16. The following is the pro
1. One Mile, 2.40 class, pace or
trot, two best in three heats. En
trance fee, ten per cent of purse.
2. Free to all running race, one
half mile, two best in three hea.ts.
Ten per cent entrance fee $100.00.
?3. Mule race, free to all, 1-2
I mile, one heat. No enrance fee.
1. Three minute, 'pace or trot,
one mile, two best in three heats.
Entrance fee ten per cent of purse
County raised, free for all,
trot or pace. Half mile. Three heats.
Entrance fee ten per cent of purse
3. County raised, running race,
half mile, two best in three heats.
No entrance fee $25.00.
4. Ox race, free to all, one heat
American Trotting Association
rules to govern. Five to enter and
three to start in all races, with pri
vilege of calling off any race. En
I tries close day before races.
Elected New Organizer.
The State says the quarterly meet
ing of the State executive committee
of the State Farmer's union, held ill
he office of the secretary Tuesday J.
B. O'Neall Hollaway resigned the of
fice of State organizer. B. F. Kel
ler, formerly of Cameron, but now
of Spartanburg, was elected to suc
ceed Mr. Holloway. He will assume
the duties of the office at once. Mr.
Holloway will seek the office of sup
erintendent of education of Xewber
ry county upon the retirement of the
incumbent, J. S. Wheeler. Accepting
the resignation of Mr. Halloway and
electing Mr. ? Kelle}* to succeed him
was the principle business disposed
of by the committee. Mmch routine
business was transacted.
Paper for the Masses.
There are at least two thousand
people who take the Times and De
mocrat and no other secular news
paper. Those people depend on
The Times and Democrat for all the
news, local and all other kinds.
For that reason The Times and De
mocrat has to .be more thon a mere
local paper. While it covers
all really important local matters, it
gives a full, bet condensed, state
ment of the happenings in the State
and the whole country. That this
is the kind of newspaper the masses
want is amply attested by the fact
that The Times and Democrat has
over twice as many subscribers as
any paper published in this section.
Subscription books open to adver
John Suniter's Wound Fatal.
John Sumter, the Fort Motte ne
gro who was chopped in his head by
his wife, has died from the effects of
the wound. It seems that the couple
quarreled vigorously at a frolic Fri
day night, after a temporary and
spurious separation; that she follow
[ed him home, deliberately seized an
axe and sent it into his face with
deadly effect. It is said that she
the hastily retreated and disappear
ed with another man. It is also said
that she has confessed unreservedly
to Sheriff Dantzler that she commit
ted the deed and there was no sign
of repentant tears or demeanor when
the news of his death was broken to
the sole recipient of the bounty of
corporations, to be alone considered?
That is the question to be debated;
that is the issue to be decided.
The Boll Weevil is in Southern
Alabama. Mr. W. D. Hunter, in
charge for the department of agricul
ture, writes me that, the fall disper
sion is now on and that the main
body of the weevils will perhaps
make fifty miles, with the skirmish
ers going much farther. This will
bring the insect close to the Georgia
line and Georgia will be attacked next
fall. Georgia has taken action by
passing the Hunters' License for the
protection of birds. South Carolina's
turn comes next. Will the small pol
itician permit the people to protect
MST OP LETTERS.
Those Remaining Unclaimed In the
Ornngeburg Post Office.
The following are the list of letters
remaining unclaimed in tho Orange
burg Post Office for the week ending
Oct. 10, 1911. Persons calling for
same will please say that they are
"advertised." A. D. Webster, P.- M.
A?Lewis Aiken. Lizzie ?rmster,
Mrs. Queen R. Ashe, L. E. Aymard.
B?Ber. Booker, Clarence Bowman.
C?Mrs. Alice Caldwell, Charlie
Cannon, Julius Carmichael, Estella
Carini<chael, Mrs. Francis Chavis,
I)?Wesley Dantzler, Mrs. C. A.
E?Nora Elmore, Frank Ether
edge, George Etheredge.
P?Anna Fields. Asbury Fludd.
G?A. C. Garber (2), Isam Gard
ner, Miss Nettie Glover Roben God
H?Dan Hocman,, Geo. Hovison,
J?Gabe Jamison, Miss Henrietter
L?G. L. Laury, Ora Lee, Mrs.
M?Sam McCury, Betsy McDaniel,
Miss Liz2.ie McKenzie, Miss Dorothy
Miller, Allen Murry.
P?Mi?,s Annie Parker Miss Norma
R?Mr. James C. Reeves, Miss Jul
ia Rhymes, Miss Mary Robinson.
S?Mr?. L. A. Shuler.
lW<?Henry Walley Viirgie; West,
John W. Witherspoon, Miss Mlary
Have Done Their Duty.
There is no room for any kick on
the health of the, city for it has never
been better. The present board of
health has done its duty and the
members of the board are entitled
to the "well done" of all citizens. I
Then, too, the health officer, Mr. F.
A. Schifl'ley, has most intelligently!
and efficiently seconded the efforts
of the board of health to preserve
the health of the city. If people will
.take the trouble to look into the
matter they will find that both the
.board of health and the health offi
cer have been most efficient in the
discharge if their duties. In fact,
we honestly believe that by prompt
and intelligent acuon of the health
authorities, this city was saved an
epidemic of small pox two or three
times the past year.
Laws Regarding the Road.
Some complaint has come regard
ing the giving of half the road in
case of an automobile coming up
behind a team. The parties claim
that when they come up behind a
fellow w?'th. a team he stubbornly re
fuses to give any of the road, no mat
ter if there is plenty of room to
turn out. Now the law recognizes
the rights of both the man with the
team and the man with auto, and
these rights should be respected.
The law says that when a man is
overtaken by a faster vehicle ,the
man driving the slower vehicle shall
turn out and give half of the beaten
Another Good Roads Train.
It is announced from the office of
the agricultural and immigration
agent at Wilmington, N. C, that the
Atlantic Coast Line will operate a
good roads train over its entire sys
tem, starting from Richmond, Va.,
November 23. The train will con
sist of two coaches, one of which will
contain models, operated by electri
city, of roadworking machinery,
while the other will be equipped for
lectures and steropticon views. A
private car also will be attached to
the train for the convenience of Gov
?ernment road engineers and others.
? <> ?
Record Breaking Weather.
The Charleston Post says Saturday
proved the hottest October day on re
cord in the history of the United
States weather bureau, as far as max
imum readings have gone, the mer
cury registering 93.3 degrees, 3-10
a degree in excess of the maximum
reading heretofore recorded, on the
third of the month in 1SS3. The in
tense heat was of short duration for
the cool wave of Saturday night put
on end to it. The fall in temperature
proved acceptable for the weather
has been unusually warm for this
season lor several weeks.
?'The (Talisman" Cancels.
Information has just been receiv
ed by the local manager of the Acad
emy of Music from the "The Clans
man" company enroute that, on ac
count of a change in their routing,
they will be unable to play Orange
burg as advertised, but that they
will get later in the season. This is
a sore disappointment to the
theatre-^ocrs of this city and sur
rounding country, who were antici
pating the pleasure of witnessing the
performance of the Clansman.
Excursion Kates to Batesburg.
On account of Batesburg Tri-Coun
ty Fair the Southern Railway will
sell round trip tickets from October
10th to 20th, with final limit to re
turn October 21st, to Batesburg, S.
C, at greatly reduced rates, The
rates from points in this section are
Denmark, $1.75; Hlackville, $1.6.~>;
Springfield, $1.30; Salley. $1.13;
Perry, SI.15; Wa?cner, 95 els. Pro
portionately low rates will apply
from oilier points.
Train Run into Washout.
A freight train on the Southern
Railway ran into a washout just
above St. Matthews. Three of the
train crew were slightly hurt. The
accident delayed the paseengor trains
both ways, and as a consequence
they were several hours late in ar
riving here. We could not learn the
extent of the injuries to the train
THE DIXIE CARNIVAL.
Treat in Store on Friday, Oct. 13th,
Afternoon and Evening.
The Dixie Carnival will be in full
swing on Friday afternoon and eve
ning, October 13th. A small admis
sion will be charged and plenty of
entertainment and amusement is
promised for all who attend. Free
attraction of the best kind. One of
these is a dainty Japanese drill, two
performances of which wil be given,
one in the afternoon and the other
In the midway will be found Mrs.
Jarvey's Wax Works, the Famous
Living Head, che Dixie Vaudeville,
Gypsy Fortune Tellers. In the coun
try store lots of good things?hot
fried oysters and cold drinks, etc?
will be found. Also the following
household goods, which have been
donated by out of town firms' 25 lbs.
kisses, given by the Maijenhoff Co.,
of Charleston; one case of package
crackers, by the Southern Biscuit
Works; 3 0 cans Wesson Salard Oil,
given by the Southern Cotton Oil
Co.; one case Fairey Soap, given by
N. K. Fairbank Co.; one case Bak
ing Powder, given by the Southern
Mfg. Co.; 12 dozen pkgs. chewing
gum by the Teras Gum Co; 1-3 gross
Smoking tobacco by the R. J. Rey
nolds Co.; one/case post toasties, by
the Postum Cereal Co.
METHODISTS AT ST. MATTHEWS.
Growth of the Denomination Call for
The St. Matthews correspondent
of The News and Courier says:
"After J. K. W'annamaker left $20
00 to build a church here, and in
view of the further fact that it will
be placed in such an advantageous
location for its future (growth, the
local minister and cabinet thought
it high time for the membership to
t:ske a forward step.
At a meeting of the convention
Sunday morning, the movement to
make St. Matthews a station was de
finitely launched. As the new church
is to be furnished, a lot to be purchas
ed and a handsome parsonage to be
built a few of the more conservative
thought a. little delay advisable until
some of the present tangles are un-J
raveled, but there is evidently such
strong sentiment for immediate ac
tion that an immediate canvass will
be made looking to an arrangement
for meeting the increased funds.
"Everybody realized the necessity
of the change at no distant date,
which will be a great impetus to its
welfare and progress. The circuit is
now composed of Jamison, Limestone
and Wesley Chapel. Jamison will
very probably be retained with St.
Matthews if it so desires. At least
that is the intimation advanced from
the inner circles." -'/
The people of Rowesville are glad
to report that our town can now
boast of street lights. We have need
ed some kind for a long time, and
on last week the gas lights were put
Mr. and Mrs. V. P. S'huler with
their son Marion spent Sunday in
Pregnals with relatives.
Mrs. Chas. Hopkins spent the
week-end in Bamberg with her moth
er, Mrs. J. M. Jennings.
Miss Ollie Hutto, of Orangeburg,
visited friends here last week.
Mrs. Mike Blake, a popular sales
man for Wagner & Co. spent Sunday
night and part of Monday in our
Mr. Theodore Robinson will be
post master here for another term.
The Post Office now is in charge of
Mr. Willie Dukes.
Unveiling at Norway.
Sunday afternion at four o'clock
nearly seven hundred people assem
bled at the Davis Cemetery at Nor
way to witness the unveiling of a
monument, erected to the memory of
Geo. F. Davis by the Willow Camp,
W. O. W. of Norway. The camps
of Norway, Neeces, Cope, Bolentown,
Cordova and Two Mile were repre
sented in the march of 120 Wood
men. The ceremony, conducted by
the officers of Willow Camp, of which
Mr. Davis was a member, was very
impressing. The orator of the occa
sion was Rev. Smith. He delivered
an able address. .Miss Garrick recit
ed the poem, "O, why should the
spirit of mortal be proud."
Needs a Freight Agent.
There seems to be little or no
doubt but the the Southern Railway
will soon put an agent at Jamison.
Such an official is badly needed
there. Some years ago a freight
agency was maintained at this place
by the railway, and there is more
need of it now trat there was then.
Besides the considerable amount of
freight shipped into Jamison, a great
amount is shipped out of that place.
Several large lumber mills are locat
ed near that point, and quantities of
lumber are loaded there annually.
Hyde Will Have to Hang.
"I do not promise to move in the
matter and unless the Supreme Court
interferes, the man will certainly be
hanged next Friday, 'said Gov. Blease
Tuesday, when asked what he intend
ed doing about the batch of petitions
received at his office urging executive
clemc-ncy in behalf of Hyde, the mill
engineer who killed his wife and her
father in the Orr Mill village at An
Talk Less and Work More.
Let us cultivate a public spirit and
talk less and work more. Encourage
our local authorities in making im
provements. Speak up, speak well,
talk encouragingly of our town and
its bright prospects. It is these
many little considerations that makes
a town grow. Nature has showered
upon us her choicest blessings, and
with perfect unity and effort for the
good of our common cause, great will
be the result. i
LOCAL NEWS ITEMS
PICKED UP ALL OVER TOWN BI
What Is Happening Here and There.
Local Items of Personal Interest to
Dr. J. L B. Gilmore, of Holly Hill,
was in the city yesterday on business.
This year has demonstrated the
need of a mechanical cotton picker.
We do not need any more hot
weather at this time, so please pass
The farmers should put in a big
crop of oats to supplement the short
The Ch'amber of Commerce ban
quet last night was a grand success.
All enjoyed it.
Read the article on the first page
from Commissioner Watson in ref
erence to holding cotton.
Don't forget the auction sale of
horses and mules in Orangeburg, at
the Court HouBe on Nov. 6th.
Fifty head of horses and mules
will be auctioned off by the Western
Horse and Mule Co. at Orangeburg,
on No.. 6th.
The brutal and fiendish crime of
that Honea Path fiend was soon
avenged. See account of the awful
affair on the first page.
The Times and Democrat gives all
the news?local, State, national and
foreign. Give it a three months trial
and se how you like it.
Everybody is invited to the box
party and ice cream festival at Goocl
bys School house on next Friday, P.
M., beginning at four o'clock.
The Edisto Rifles will be muster
ed back into service, and Captain
Moseley has called a meeting of the
company for tonight at the armory.
Did you ever see a year when more
than half the cotton of'the country
had opened before the first of Octo
ber? That seems the condition now.
By the first of January The Times
and- Democrat expects to have at
least four thousand subscribers.
This is no hot air, as we will prove
it by our books.
What about the price of cotton?
The bears seem to have it their own
way. The ginners' report knocked
a ,big hole in the price. The ne:^
one will also give it a jolt.
If any subscriber to The Times
and Democrat, old or new, who, af
ter reading the paper a year, will
say that it is not worth $1.50 per
annum we will refund him his mon
The Times and Democrat wants to
add just about twelve hundied new
subscribers to its present list to give
it four thousand subscribers. We
expect our voting contest to do that
much for us.
John Ashley appeared in a new
role Tuesday as will be seen by the
account < ". the lynuhing at Honea
Path on the first page. But as he
assisted in putting out of commission
we have no condemnation.
The ladies of the Basket Band will
conduct a rummage sale Saturday,
October 21st, on the new post office
site. Each member is requested to
be on hand at 9-30 with a'! the old
garments they have no need of.
Elloree and all other towns should
have bonded warehouses, where the
farmers could safely store their cot
ton and market it when the price
suit. This is the only successful
war to meet the cotton situation
from year to year.
If the farmers of the County will
attend the horse and mule sale of
the Western Horse and .Mule Co. at
Orangeburij, Nov. 6th, they will .be
able to buy stock of all descriptions
direct from the West well worth the
money. Remember the day and place,
and don't fail to be on hand.
Tre Camden police caught fourteen
negroes playing craps on last Sun
day, and the mayor assessed them
nearly two hundred dollars for their
l'ttle diversion. This is all right and
?uoper, but why is it that the police
never can catch white poker players
as well as negro crop shooters?
While the best authorities in the
South on the subject, claim that this
year's cotton crop will not be over
twelve million bales, the national
agricultural department places the
estimate nearly three million bales
above that. We belcve the twelve
mllion bale estimate is the nearest
to what the crop will turn out to be.
A teacher is .being prosecuted in
Atlanta for severely punishing a
child in one of the schools three. At
lanta is different from Orangeburg.
We have known a child in the schools
here being so badly beaten that he
bled from several wounds, but the
man who did the beating was never
even reprimanded for his brutality.
The cotton crop of last year was
12,120,095 .bales and sold for $1,
030,1 33,527, including the seed. The
crop od 190S was 13,825,457 bales
and sold for $775,794,494. It will
be seen that while the crop of 190S
was 1,705,362 bales in excess of the
crop of 1910 it sold| for $2,543,
390.33 loss than the crop of 1910.
This shows that there is such a
thins as making too much cotton.
The chief cause of a dreadful rail
way tragedy in Wisconsin recently
was a huge billboard that so obscur
ed the view as to shut off the sight
of an approaching train. If that
fact helps to do away with such signs
some good will result from the disas
ter. Billboards are a monstrosity
that disfigure the landscape, and as
an advertising medium they are
about the poorest. Experience has
proved this time and again, and ex
periments in advertising have not
only shown the well nigh uselessness
of billboards but also that the very
best kind of advertising is that which
is found in the columns of the home
That $10.00 Voile Dress Skirt
This i3 a special value that has caused a sensa
tion among the shrewd shoppers of Orangeburg.
This skirt is of imported, hard finished, crisp
voile. It is a graceful design, made with nine gores
finished with stitched tuck and reinforced facing to
hold its shaplLess. Front and side panels beauti
fully embroidered in scroll effect. All seams stitched
and tape. Wears splendidly.
You miss a great deal when you do not pur
chase one of these. All sizes for large and smalF
You can order by number too.
Just set d a money order for $5 95 for Skirt
2I3B and it will be sent to you by mail or express
AND BY THE WAY: HAVE YOU A
COPY OF OUR CATALOGUE? YOU
HAD BETTER SEND FOR IT.
Orangeburg? Tuesday, Oct. 17.
See the Racing Camels
The Semersalt Elephant
The crowning amusement glory of the
South. The South's only and truly
representative of the show world, owned
operated and controlled by Earnest
Haag, a southerner. See the parade.
It must be seen as it cannot be justly
Mama says you ought to tiade
at a store that sends your goods
home quick. 'They have two>
Phones at the PURE FOOD
STORE, so Central can't tell you
"line's busy"?any mere. Ycu'caD
PURE FOOD STORE.
when you are in a hurry for things
KmHMT it- .1 ?suTOim.T. cmHM a oo. ?mmaoo k*
?. R, Aelllc^rQf
"Grant" Fire Insurance
CALL ON HIM.