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HUNT HIM DOWN
Trying fa Find (he Mao Iceostd at
Fourteen Brutal Koidtrs
WIFE HELPS OCFICERS
Suspect in C^torado Spring, Where
Six Persons Were Butchered; and
Acquainted in Illinois Town,
Where Three Others Were Killed,
Declares Former Spouse.
That Charles Marzyek, ex-convict,
sought by the authorities in connec
tion with the murder of five members
of the William Showman family at
Ellworth, Kas., Sunday night, had
been in Colorado Springs, where-the
six members of the Wayne and Burn
ham families were slain, and was ac
quainted in Monmouth, 111., where
three were murdered recently, was
the startling declaration made to the
authorities by Mrs. Miinnie Vopat,
Marzyek's divorced wife. All these
fourteen victims were killed with* an
Samuel Showman, brother of Wil
liam Showman, head of the murdered
family, Wednesday started at the
head of a posse to search the county.
Marzyek is believed, to be hidden
in the neighborhood. If he is found
a battle is expected. Marzyek not
long ago served a term for stealing
grain from James Vopat. f
All the members of the Slav com
munity who had any connection with
thr>. conviction of Marzyek went
armed Wednesday, for he is reported
to have sworn vengeance on those
responsible for his imprisonment.
Ira Lloyd, the attorney who de
fended Marzyek in the wheat steal
ing case, said Wednesday:
"I .believed Marzyek will remain in
the neighborhood until he has conr
pleted his venge;-' ce. After his Len
tence he told me that when he was
released he would come back and kill
the people who were responsible for
his conviction and also their chil
dren. 'I will put them all in hell,'
Evidence furnished by Mr. and
Mrs. William Showman is said to be
responsible for Marzyek's conviction.
Nine persons remain here who fear
his vengeance. These persons, all of
them Slavs, his own race, are: James
Vopat, Mrs. Minnie Vopat, who ob?
tained^a divorce from Marzyek after
his sentence' and married Vopat nine
months later; their two children, one
ten months old, the other three
years; John Katke, father of the
murdered Mrs. Showman, who tes
tified against Marzyek; Mrs. John
Katke and three children, Emile,
aged 17; Annie, a^ed lil; Mary, aged]
As to a possible connection be
tween the Ellsworth and other trag
edies, Mrs. Vopat says her former
husband was convicted of forgery in
Colorado Springs a few months ago.
She said that it was not improbable
that be had been in Monmouth late
The insane cruelty on the part of
the slayer is evident in the Wayne
and Burnham tragedies, at Colorado
Springs; in the murder of William
E. Dawson, his wife and daughter,
in Monmouth, and in the killing of
the Show mans.
Marzyek served in the Philippine
war and after his return to this
country deserted from the army. He
had been in trouble since, for forg
ing checks and stealing. Until he
went to the penitentiary he was a
WERE NOT THE OXES.
Quest for Capt. Jarvis Results Un
The News and Courier says after
a two-day search of the islands about
Stono Inlet in an effort to discover
the bodies of Capt. Edwe.rd L. Jar
vis, of the schooner Margaret A.
May, and his two brothers, who lost
their lives when their vessel was
wrecked in the great hurricane of
August 2 7 and 2S, the Custom House
launch Sumtcr returned to the city
Wednesday afternoon. The bodies
were, exhumed by the search party, I
and the evidence failed to substan
tiate the report that one of them was
that o).' the gallant and popular sea
man, whose many friends in Charles
ton have never ceased to deplore his
Three Natives Were Eaten.
News comes from the New Heb
rides that a French trading vessel
made a raid and a number of na
tives were kidnapped. The natives
in revenge attacked the steamer and
captured three oi the crew, all na
tives. These were killed and eaten.
Drops Frogs Large as Bees.
Following a rain storm in Chatham
county, Ga., the entire section is
alive with frogs about the size of
bees. Even the business section of
Savannah is alive with the small
creatures which, it is believed, fell
with the rain.
Mistook Hair Tonic for Whisky.
James Finnegan, of St. Joseph,
Mo., 65 years old, mistook hair tonic
made from peach seeds, for whiskey
and drank a pint of it. He was un
conscious when found by a police
man half an hour later, and died
at police headquarters.
MOST DEPLORABLE ACCIDENT
Mr. Henry B. Richardson Accidental
ly Shoots and Kills His Young and
Newly Wedded Wife.
A special dispatch from Summer
ton says one of the most deplorable
tragedies in the history of that sec
tion occurred near that place Thurs
day morning when the young and
newly wedded wife of Mr. Henry B.
Richardson wqb accidentally shot
and killed by a gun in the hands of
her husband. From the testimony
brought out at the corner's inquest,
held at the home at noon, it appears
tnar Mr. and Mrs. Richardson were
prenaring 'o drive into Summerton
immediately after breakfast.
The deceased was in her bed .oom
when her husband entered and pick
ed up a double-barreled shotgun
from a corner, intending, to kill a
chxkeh with it. While speaking to
his; wife he examined the gun to see
If it was loaded, and as he closed the
breech there was a deafening report,
followed by a cry of pairi, and the
young woman fell mortally wounded
to the floor. -The entire load enter
ed her left side, just beneath the
arm, tearing her heart entirely a
way and causing immediate death.
Just a few days ago the young
couple surprised their large circle of
friends by announcing their mar
riage, which took place in Augusta,
Ga., on the 10>th instant. The de
ceased was a young woman of 18
years of age, and was widely known
and deservedly popular hereabouts.
She wiais the daughter of Mr. James
Douglas Deas, formerly of Camden,
but now living at Summerton. Mr.
Deas is in the West ac the present
Mrs. Rir'-.ardson had several bro
thers and a sister, all of whom have
been notified of the accident. The
husband is a young man of great
promise and is completely over
whelmed by the terrible tragedy.
The interment was at St. Mark's
Chunch, Clarendon, at 3 o'clock on
Friday afternoon, 20th instant. The
sympathy of the entire community
goes out to the young husband and
groom in his grief.
SEVERAL PARDONS GRANTED.
Governor Blease's Pardon Mill Still
in Good Order.
Aaron Williams, a white man who
was convicted in Kershaw county in
1903 on the charge of murder and
upon recommendation to mercy sen
tenced to life imprisonment in the
state penitentiary, has been paroled
by the Gov. Blease during good be
havior. He left the penitentiary ;?fter
a service of only eight years for
DeWitt Rogers, who was convicted
in Spartanburg county in JJune of
this year on the charge of violating
the dispensary law and sentenced to
six months or a fine of $300, \as
been iparoled by the governor.
Elia Jernigan, who was convicted
in Marlboro county in October of
1910 and sentenced to two years in
the penitentiary on the charge of
manslaughter, has been paroled.
The sentence of C. W. V. Bentor,
who was convicted in Beaufort coun
ty and sentenced to six months' im
prisonment or a fine of $200 or six
monthn on the chain gang.
Since assuming office on January
17 of this year the governor has ex
tended clemency in 250 cases as fol
lows: Paroles 134; pardons 116.
KILLED BY A SNOW SLDJ S3.
Man and Wife Overwhelmed in Home
by an Avalauche.
Stanley McLellan and bis wife
were killed recently by a snowslide
that demolished their home at the
Fatrid^e mine on the West of Lake
Atlln, Y. T.
Victor Carlston, who was standing
near the house, was caught up by
the avalanche and carried a thousand
feet down the mountain. He suffered
several broken ribs, but will recover.
McLellan had just gone into the |
house to aid his wife in preparing
dinner, when the snowslide swept!
down upon them, crushing the stone |
building into bits.
McLellan was peeling potatoes
when the snow overwhelmed his
home, and when his body was recov
ered the knife was firmly grasped
in his hand. When Mrs. McLellan's
body was uncovered it was found
that her glasses were unbroken.
Two Killed About a Hog.
T. I. Hill and J. M. Reveis, farm
ers, living near Adel, Ca., were shot
and killed in a quarrel over a hog
belonging to a tenant on Hill's place
which had gotten into a field be
longing to Revels. When the men
met hot words were passed and Hill
shot Revels. A son of Revols then
shot Hill through the heart.
Monument to Gen. Morgan.
Lexington, Ky., was the Mecca
Wednesday of Confederate Veterans,
their sons and daughters, from all
over the West and South. The oc
casion for the gathering was the un
veiling of an lS-foot bronze -eques
trian monument to Gen. John H.
Morgan, the Confederate leader.
mi TO DEATH
Eageoe Ely, tlie Famous Aiaman's Ca
reer End? Id a Fall at Bacon
JUMPED TO HIS DEATH
Loses Control of Machine, which
Plunges Downward, and Endeav
ors to Jump to Safety?Body Brok
en in Many Places, End Coming
Eleven Minutes Later.
Eugene Ely, the well known avia
tor, was fatally injured at. the State
Fair grounds her shortly after 3
o'plock Thursday afternoon, when his
aeroplane refused to rise after a sen
sational dip and plunged with him
fifty feet to the earth.
In the presence of nearly $,000
people he fell to the middle of the
inclosure of the miie track, almost
clearing the machine by a desperate
jump he made when he realized his
peril. His body was broken in a score
of places, and he died eleven minu
tes after the fali. Just before the
end came he regained consciousness
"I lost control; I know I am going
Ely made 8 remarkable flight
Thursday morning shortly before
noon, ascending to an altitude of
3,100 feet. At 2.45 o'clock he began
his second flight of the day, rising
gracefully from the track iuqlosure,
which he circled in a lew minuter.,
traveling at about thirty miles an
hour. As he was completing the cir
cle, he made one of his famous dips,
apparently to startle the thousands
beneath him who were watching with
straining eyes. The birdlike machine
shot down with tremendous veloci
ty, the crowd applauded, thinkig that
the aviator would rise, as he had
done countless times before. But
Ely seemed to lose bis grip on the
iever, for the machine continued its
downward plunge to the earth.
Realizing his peril, Ely released
the lever altogether and half jumped,
.barely clearing the aeroplane as it
crashed to the ground. It was demol
ished, flying hits of wood and metal
flying hundreds of feet. Ely struck
with terrific force. Scores rushed
acoss the track to where he lay, a
broken, bloody, inert mass, to offer
him aid. Ho was tenderly removed
from beneath the wreckage which
covered him, and carried to his quar
The vast crowd, excited and cu
rious, rushed forward, but, were
kept in order by the policemen. Ef
iorts were made to resuciate the
aviator, but he only regained con
sciousness for a moment, bet?re his
death. Even in his unconscious state
his physical agony was manifest.
Ely left his wife in New York
two weeks :ago to come to Macon to
give a series of flights for the Geor
gia State Fair, in his Curtiss bi
plane. En route he stopped at Dav
enport, La., to visit his relatives. He
had been giving spectacular aerial
demonstrations at Macon for eight
days, going up on one occasion amid
a shower of rain.
Thursday he even offered to make
a flight by night, painting his craft
with phosphorous, "so as to startle
the natives," he told the Fair direc
tors. The offer was declined.
Ely was the first man to alight on
the deck of a warship with an aero
plane. During an aviation meet, held
in San Francisco, a distance of about
twenty miles, and alighted on the
deck of the cruiser Pennsylvania,
which was anchored in San Francis
co Bay After holding a reception on
board the warship, Ely flew from
the ship back to the camp and land
COUPLE WHO WERE DIVORCED.
Remarry After Living Apart for Fif
ty Three Years.
J. !S. Horman, a resident oi' Fuller
ton, Neb., remarried his first wife
on the fifty-third anniversary of their
nrst wedding day, after having been
married to- two other women.
After living together for fifteen
years, Horman and the woman he has
H ist remarried were divorced. Horman
then married Mrs. Lasy Townsend,
of Fullerton, with whom he lived]
for twenty-five years. She died fif
teen years ago, and ten years agoj
he married Mrs. Margaret Houser,
who died recently.
Recently Horman wrote his first
wife, and two weeks ago she came
to see him. She responded to his ad
vances and promised to remarry him.
They are living at the home where
they began housekeeping.
Will Beat Them Both.
That the next President of tho
United States would be a Democrat:
that Mr. Taft would be the nominee
of the regular Republicans, with La
Follette the possible nominee of the
insurgent faction, were the view ex
pressed at Lake Charles, La., Wed
nesday by Speaker Champ Clark.
Birth Rate Low in France.
For the five-year period from
1901 to 1905 inclusive the number
of ibirths a thousand of population
in six leading countries of Europe
was as follows: In Holland, 155;
in Germany, 149; in Great Britain,
121; in Austria, 113; in Italy, 10C,
and in France, IS. '
jrg. s. c, i inm~iini OCTi
SOLD HER FOR GAIN
WOMAN MAKES THIS CHARGE
Three Months After Their Marriage
She Declares He Bartered Her to
"My husband?that serpent whom
,1 killed last week?repeatedly sold
me?sold my body?to a Chicago
millionaire. Once rich himself, Pat
terson resorted to the worst when
he lost his money. He sold me on
one occasion to that millionaire for
$1,500. The purchaser took me to
Europe and there we<?well, I'll drop
the curtain on what we did there.
Do you wonder that I shot Patter
This will form the line of defense
for Mrs. Gertrude A. Patterson, now
in jail at Denver, Col., for shooting
and killing her husband, Charles Pat
terson, in the Phipps sanitarium in
that city last week. It means she
I will plead "temporary insanity, the
I climax of a long series of unspeak
"He spat in my face, struck and
called me the vilest name a man can
call a woman," she declares, and
shows a bruise on her cheek, which,
she said, resulted from her hus
band's blow. "I have evidence in
my husband's own handwriting that
will undoubtedly clear me before a
jury," declared Mrs. Patterson.
Mrs. Patterson told her hideous
story without reservation to her at
torney, concealing nothing concern
ing her relations with a Chicago man,
and, at the same time, overlooking
nothing which would serve to dis
credit the character of her husband.
According to Patterson's diary,
found among his effects, he knew
his wife was in Europe in Jan
uary and February, 1900, and
could not have left her husband in
February on excuse of going to visit
her family in St. Louis, as he al
leged in divorce suit he had filed
against her. '
"Three months after we were mar
ried," said Mrs. Patterson in telling
her story, "Chales Patterson told me
to go to a Chicago millionaire for
$1,500. He told me he might take
me where he pleased, that he might
have me as long as he pleased and
that the sum paid in cash was his
compensation. Four weeks later
when the Chicago man and I were
in Europe, Patterson, wrote me that,
unless I returned to him by first
boat, he would follow me and kill
me He had spent the money then
and he wanted me back that he
might secure more That was the
life Co which he led me. He sold me
at a time when I did not know where
my next meal was coming from.
"Three months after we were mar
ried my husband arranged with the
Chicago millionaire to take me off
his hands for as long a time as he
cared to keep me. We went abroad
at once. Our stay in Europe, espec
ially at Paris, was just what you
might expect that it was. Why go
LARGEST IN THE WOHLD.
Young Woman Weighs Over Eight
Miss Gertrude Burke of Chicago,
largest woman in the world, is visit
ing at the home of Mrs. H. W. Hayes,
at Alton, 111. Miss Bu.'ke is twenty
two years of age, weighs S25 pounds,
stands five feet, seven inches, and
some of her measurements are: Arm,
28 inches; waist, 54; bust, 75. She
wears No. 4 1-2 shoes and No. 7
When she was born Miss Burke
weighed fifteen pounds, and at eight
years of age weighed 250. At the
Hayes home she sits on two chairs
placed facing each other. Miss
Burke goes through doors by turn
ing sideways, and it is a pretty hard
squeeze at that.
Efforts have been made by show
men to get Miss Burke to exhibit
herself, but she has never been
tempted. Her parents left her an
estate and she does not need the:
Was Killed on Street Car.
At Montgomery, Ala., A. C. Jami
son, a fruit vender, shot and killed
John Bice, a street car conductor, on
the rear end of a street car in the
heart of the city. Circumstances
leading to the killing are unknown. I
Jamison has been arrested on a
charge of murder.
Killed a Huge Rattler.
A rattlesnake that had as its
caudal appendage 23 rattles and a
button was killed in Saltkehatchic
swamp, several miles from Harnwell,
by D. E. Aldrich, last weok. The
rattles were cut off and brought to
Harnwell. They measured five inches
Bottle of Catsup Blew Up.
Mrs. Herbert Morgan, of Spring
field, Mass., will lose the sight of her
left eye as the result of an ex
plosion of a bottle of catsup. A bot
tle of catsup was on the table when
it blew up, and a fragment of glass
was imbedded in Mrs. Morgan's eye
French Miners Killed.
Twenty-six have been killed in an
explosion in the Bardot coal mine in
France while fighting a fire which
has been in the workings since Tues
OBER 21, 1911.
Millions Are Starring io Chioa aod
Canibilism Is Common.
SEEN UPON EVERY HAND
Heaps of Decaying Dead Piled in
Streets and Other Places andj
Sights are Sickening_Horror of
Devastations Produced by Vast;
Flood Which Swept Central China.
Advices from Shanghai say that
millions of 'people face starvation in
Central China. Parents are eating
their children 'a the flood-stricken I
districts. Marauding bands are in]
control and head the fight for the;
survival of the fittest. Missionaries
coming, from the interior state that
the situation surpasses anything
within, the history of the country.
From Ichang to the sea, a dis<
tance of a thousand miles, the valley
of the Yangtse is bordered by heaps
of decaying dead, while the black
flag and canibalism holds undisputed
sway. The flood-devastated villages
are overrun with starving Chinese.
The water-sodden ground is past all
cultivation. The rice crop is com
pletely destroyed, and even the grass
along the river .bank has been uti
lized for food. Not & cog, rat or
bird that could be captured lias been
The same conditions prevail in all
' the valleys of Central China. Re
ports from the Interior proclaim a
' state of ananchy. All trade is susr
' pended and the principal cities will
j scon be in a state of siege, with their
inhabitants facing starvation, the
I government is unable to cope with
j the conditions. Millions of dollars
: in food are needed at once.
Driven from their homes by the
j floods, thousands of refugees fled to
the hills and camped on the sides
in little mat sheds. Here they have
been making pitiful efforts to pre
serve their lives until the subsiding
flood gives them an opportunity to
return to their homes. They brought
j with them in their flight small
stocks of rice but in the weeks of
waiting this has been exhausted and
now they are eating anything that
holds nourishment. On the hillsides
I they are digging into the ground with
their bare fingers to get roots of
j weeds and grass and some have
mixed clay with tueir rice in order
to give it more bulk.
In Anhui province the refugees,
have overrun the wheat fields which
were recently harvested and are
gleaming the stubble of every grain
which was left by the harvesters.
Those who have been able to reach
the larger cities are offering their
children for sale, many little girls
being sold for a few dollars and the
boys for a slightly larger amount. In
the smaller villages which have been
cut off from any food supply for
weeks canibalism is the depth to
which starvation has driven the flood
victims. Many parents have eaten
their own children.
Ordinary flood statistics are insig
nificant in comparison to those which
are nccess iry in enumerating the
extent of this flood. For a thousand
miles the Yangtse i? a vast inland
sea, its former course serving only
as a channel in the stream which
stretches away to the horizon or the
hills on eii he side. For two hun
dred miles to the north of the
Yangste the Han is out of its banks
and south of Hankow, Tung Ting
lake is so far out of its banks that
it has flooded villages fifty miles in
land. In one village six hundred
were drowned, in another three hun
dred. At least ten thousand were
drowned in the villages and towns
An area as large as a European
country, is under water, its crops
ruined, and its population homeless.
As to the number which are starving,
two millions is as conservative esti
mate, the most conservative of any
which have been made. After a
three-weeks' trip through the Hooded
region, it is my opinion 'hat the
number will exceed 2,500,000. In
Anhui province alone the homeless
number half a million. In the Tung
Ting lake region there is an equal
number and these two sections cover
I only a small part of the vase area of
From American standards their
necessities of life are ridiculously
small. A dollar will supply a whole
family with food for a week. A hun
dred dollars will keep a village in
comfort for a month. Poverty such!
as is ever present in China, is tin*-]
j known in America, just as suffering I
[such as is caused by this flood isl
unknown here. There may be hun
gry people in America but none is
starving. In Changteh and in other
cities in the Hooded district, they
aro dying by the hundreds daily of
In all of these cities you may see
bands of refugees so weak from
starvation that they can scarcely lift
their hands to receive the penny you
give them You can see dozens ofj
those -who retain some strength of
body fight like madmen over the pos
session of a bit of rice which has
been spilled in the mud. Rats, cats
and dogs are being eaten just as any
other race would eat them if driven
to it by the pangs of hunger.
To add to the horrors of the sit
uation, thievery and piracy have
broken ouc in the big and miserable
PEOPLE ARE R0B3ED
FOR THE BENEFIT OF WOOL
TRUST WHO OWN MILLS.
The Americans Pay Over a Hundred
Million Dollars in Taxes on the
Clothes They Wear.
The people of tin United States
i pay a subsidy to the wool industry
of at least $104,400,000 a year, ac?
I cording to calculations of the Hon.
I Oscar W. Underwood, of Alabama,
; chairman of the Ways and Means
committee of the house of represen
tatives, who discussed schedule K
before the Industrial club, of Chi
cago, rejently. <.
After relating the history of the
tariff on wool which he said had been
recommended in 1S67, after a meet
ing of the wool growers of the west
and the wool manufacturers of the
east, Congressman Underwood un
dertook to show the .actual tax im
posed on the individual through the
"An illustration of the extent of
the burden is afforded by a study of
a typical article of comparatively
cheap cloth such as enters t .e ordi<
nary men's suit worn by the great
masses of the people," he said. "The
article is an all worsted fancy fabric,
the wholesa'?^ English price per yard
! of which is seventy-seven cents, and
the freight to New York, one cent.
"The compensatory duty is frrty
four cents p' r pound or twenty-three
cents per yard, the ad valorem duty
forty per cent or thirty-eight cents
ier yard in addition, or seventy-eight
per cent of the import price. It re
quires three and one-half yards to
make a man's suit. There are at
present 92,000,000 persons of the
United States. It is estimated one
fifth are heads of families, or men
making IS,400,000 such suits used
a year. There are doubtless an equal
number of women wearing woolen
making a total of such cloth, which
with the children's suits makes a to
tal, figured at the small estimate of
one suit a year, 171,200,000 yards.
"The taiff tax of 61 per cent per
yard, to say nothing of any in
crease in tax as it passes to the
jobber, makes not less than $104,
400,00 paid each year to subsidize
the wool industry of America
"On the other hand, the entire
duties paid the United States on all
imports of woolens and worsteds In
1910 amounted to a total of less
than one-fourth of one per cent of
$15,500,000 for the use of the gov
ernment and over $100,000,000 sub
tracted from the pockets of the peo
Is it fair or just or right to main
tain '.hese enormous taxes unduly (to
foster the business of less than one
nd three-fourths to stagger under
this enormous burden?
"I do not believe the American
people will justify the president in
bis veto of the wool schedule. He
does not Bay the rates of duty fixed
in the bill presented to him were too
high or too low, but says that con
gress was not informed and that
they must wait the decision of the
socalled tariff board. The congress
had all the information it had when
it passed the revision of the tariff
schedule, that the Ways and Means
committee had when it drafted the
Payne bill, which the president
"The chairman of the tariff board
does not seem to agree with the pres
ident as to the ability of that hoard
to secure facts that will aid congress
in rewriting that schedule. He said
at a banquet of the American Asso
ciation of Woolen and Worsted man
ufacturers in New York last Decem
ber "there are certain things that are
difficult to get and one thing is to
try to get cost of production."
MURDERERS TO BE HANGED.
' Two Negroes Will Be Executed for
At the conclusion of the Court of
General Sessions at Chester on Wed
nesday, Judge \V;?ts passed sentence
on Henry Kee, for the murder of
Sam Dye; and Mack Hood, for the
I murder of Walker Dunlap, sentenc
ing them to hang on December S.
I These will be the first legal hang
jings in Lancaster county in twenty
one years. The last hanging was
j that of Roach Catoo and Will Cly
j burn, for the murder of Gus Hen?
I nis. Out <>( the twelve murder cases
to come up at this term, all except
j two were tried. Two were convicted
jot murder in the lirst degree, one
with recommendation to mercy, and
one of manslaughter.
Fatal Shooting at Cayce.
A dispatch from Columbia, saya
I Tom Dynum, colored, was shot and
I instantly killed at about 8 o'clock
Wednesday morning at Cayce by
Superintendent Avant, of the N. C.
McDuffle & Co. saw mill, at Cayce.
The shooting was in self-defence.
Russian Prince Shot Down.
At Nova-T.cherkash, Russia. Prince
Troubetskey was assassinated Wed
nesday. A student entered a private
car in which the prince was travel
ing to that town and shot him sev?
eral times with a revolver.
refugee camps. Formerly honest,
many are now able to obtain food by
theft, and hunger fias driven them
to murder for a quart of rice, to
kill whole boat crews in order to
gain possession of a few dollars.
TWO CENTS PER COP* _
rhe Chinese Spire Neither Age Nor Sei
in Nhssacre of Manchas
THE DEAD ARE PILED UP
Consternation Resigned at tbe Capi
tal All Bay Thursday, and Refu
gees from the Fighting Zone Tell
of Horrors of Chinese Revolutions
at Hankow and War Chang.
A cablegram from Shanghai,
China, says six packed steamers ar
rived here from Hankow today car
rying refugees. The steamer Belgra
via was occupied exclusively by for
eign passengers who were given free
accommodations at the directions of
the consul in Hankow. The ship w?.s
so crowded that mnay of the pas
sengers slept on the floor of the
hold. Most bf the foreigners* were
Russians employed in the tea facto
ries and Belgian iron workers, em
ployed ira the steel works, the Han
Yang arsenal, and on the Peking
The refugees declare that the whole
Yang Tse Valley, from Hankow to
Shanghai, is in the hands of the reb
els with the possible exception of one
or two of the larger cities to which
provincial officials have retired with
their available troops. It has been in
sistently stated here that lliu Klang,
15 miles below Hankow, is under
revolutionary .control. This is denied,
however, by foreign officials and by
the representatives of the Chinese
Accounts of the revolutionary at
tack on Wo Chang as given by the
refugees emphasize particularly the
massacre of the manchus in that ci*y.
In the slaughter neither age nor sex
was regarded and it is doubtful, the
refugees say, whether a single rep
resentative of the Mnau'v.i race was
left alive there. Similar slaughter of
the Manchus followed in Hankow
and Han Yang, when those cities
Copies of the Central China Post,
which arrived on the Belgravi.., de
scribe the early progress of the revo
lutionary movement. "The revolu
tionary leaders," the paper says,
"displayed secrecy, promptitude and
shown by the governing classes in
China. But the massacre of the Man
chus in cur three cities is a ghastly
blot on the reputation of the revo
Shanghai is a hot bed of revolu
tion and rumors of plots and counter
plots are numberless. A formal ap
peal issued by the revolutionary a*
gents here today says:
"We appeal for the cooperation of
cur brethren .throughout the world.
Those with money should contribute
funds; those with wisdom should
devise plans; 'hose with information
should secretly report the enemy's
condition. We expect that our move
ment will succeed. If it fails, the ten
days' massacres of Hang, Chow and
Kiating, when the Manchus subdued
China, will ,be rep ;ated.
"It is hoped that our patriotic
brethren will respond from all
directions and with unanimous minds
will turn this universe about."
A proclamation credited to the
revolutionay leader in Hankow is as
"I come to save the Chinese peo
ple . I have no idea of acquiring
personal profit or preference but aim
enly to pull you out of the fire and
cure your cankering maladies. Hith
erto you have bee.i bitterly oppos
ed. You have been drowned in a sea
of misery by a government of aliens.
Your rulers have treated you like
bastards, not like children.
"Let whoever is animated by pa
triotic sentiment come quickly and
join our ranks. With us he will ob
tain unending glory by delivering his
country from the Manchu barbaian
who hitherto has eaten our llesh.
From now on we shall sleep in his
"Let us be merciful even to
our enemies. Our soldiers must bo
careful not to recklessly kill the
Manchus. Let us give them an op
portunity 'to surrender their uniform
acj \; capons. If they do not then
yield and continue enemies of the
rcuriutioary movement, they muse
The official announcement this
morning that telegraphic communi
cation with Hankow had been inter
rupted since sunset last night, caus
ed consternation throughout the
The wildest rumors of reverses to
the imperial arms spread like wild
(ire, although no definite facts to sup
port them were available. Much
significance was attache*! to the fact
that the government has refrained
from issuing any official ansounce
meni of a victory in yesterday's en
gagement with the rebels.
Made Him Sleep in Burn.
After deeding the home to his wife
in return for "love and affection,"
James Gautt, of Los Angeles, Cal.,
who filed suit to regain the property,
allegs that he was compelled to sleep
in the barn.
No Cigarettes in Minnesota.
Following the arrest of clerk in
tobacco stores in Minneapolis, Minn.,
the lid has gone down tight on the.
sale of cigaretts in Minnesota.