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ESTABLISHED IN 18?9.
Published Three Times Each Week
On Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Entered as second class matter on
January 9, 1000, at the post office at
Orangeburg, S. 0.r under the Act of
GongMss of March, 18 70.
i'iiv. i - ?
Ja?, L. Sims, - Editor and Prop.
Jaa Izlar Sims, ? - Publisher.
One year, by carrier.2.00
Six months... .75
Remittances should be made pay
able to The Times and Democrat,
Orangeburg, S. C, by registered let
ter, check or money order.
'It is a pleasing sight tb dee old men
retaining a buoyancy of "spirit, but
they have to be careful not to overdo
the thing and display childishness in-1
stead of youthfulness.
A man committed suicide the oth
er day because he could not pay his
debts. If all who can ibut will not
pay their debts followed the bad ex
ample of this man, there would be a
It is a Queer thing that monarChs
and presidents usually make a big
arm? or naval review an occasion for
preaching, peace. To most'people such
reviews are suggestive of the chip on
i Consuming more beer than any
other country in the world, the Unit
ed States leads all nations in the to
tal consumption of malt liquors,
wines and distilled spirits, with the
enormous total of 2,04S,300,000 gal
lons;. We should cut this item of ex
The Greenville Daily Piedmont
seems tp think that Bryan's endorse
ment of a Deruoratj presidential can
didate would handicap him. This is
a mistake. . As a matter of fact no
Democratic candidate would have the
ghost of a show unless he was en
dorsed by Bryan.
Since Taft's swing around the cir
cle, and feeling of the public pulse,
?we do not believe he cares whether he
'is reaonrinated or not next year. If
he read the signs of the times cor
rect, he could see nothing but defeat
staring him in the face, and no one
cares to lead a forlorn hope.
Haywood, a s.uhurb of Chicago, is
in furors, because of the establish
ment of a home for negro girls
t tie re. The home- Is a branch of the
Illinois. Industrial school for girls.
T^e, village board has ordered It re
moved within ten days. An indigna
tion '^meeting was held Friday night
The spectacle of a governor resign
ing his. office to lead a Synching bee
has never yet been seen by the pub
lic in any part of the country, but if
Governor Blease Is to be taken seri
ously, such a humiliating spectacle
may be ?witnessed at any time. Let
up hope that the Governor was in
dulging in hot air.
It is. said of the Prince Imperial,
son of Napoleon the Third of France,
that he was always ten minutes late
and that it was that failing that cost
fabjpi his life by the Zulus In South
Africa. And there are lots of people
who have the same failing and as
the. result they suffer in purse, com
fort and happiness.
A widow of '.Meridian, Conn., paid
sixteen dollars to have Baron Adolph
Schiop. released from the emigrant
station in New York and then mar
ried, him. The Baron claims to have
fought, two duels, but he could not
rajse the sixteen dollars to get 'him-j
self out of the immigrant station,
fo.ughrt ve duels, but he could not
D.ustin Morris, a negro of Wash
ington, D. C, was pulled off his feet
by, the sudden starting of a car upon
the step of which he had placed one
foot. Before he could get up a motor1
truck loaded with pig iron ran over
him. Birushing the dirt from his
clothes on arising, he said: "My, but
folks is gettin' careless these days."
Morris may be put ('own as the cham
We doubt if any enterprise in Or
angeburg County was ever launched
ed under more favorable auspices
than the County Fair, and we doubt
if auy enterprise in the county was
ever mare generally and enthusiasti
cally received an 1 patronized than it
was on the opening day. There were
people at the Fair en Tuesday from
all parts of the county. The warm re
ception accorded the Fair by the peo
ple in general shows that it fills a |
long felt want.
To read that flint and tinder for
?producing fire is coming into use
again, makes one rub his eyes and
wonder if the world is going back to
the old days of tallow dips. Brown j
Bess muskets and tflie wearing of wigs
and pigtails. Yet it is a fact that
in Germany flint aud tinder are al
ready in extensive use, and all be
cause the German government has put
a 400 per cent tax on matches. Such
a retrogressive policy naturally leads
to the revival of obsolete customs.
When a proud father boasts that a
"pair of twins" has been born to him
She means two children and not four.
But a pair of twins means four chil
dren jur: as surely as a pair of teams
metvis four horses or four mules.
Yet the phrase, "pair of twins" will
?probably continue as an error of
f ,r>ech just so long as twins come
?r the world. Still it is as well to
"vnber that two children at a
' '.. means twins and just twins
Interesting Population Statistics.
The preliminary statistics issued
by the Census Bureau on the white
and negro population in the South, as
we find them in the Charleston Eve
ning Post, sihows that the whites are
Increasing in this section very much
more rapidly than the. negroes. The
[statistics show that in the Sfates of
Delaware, Maryland, District of Co
lumbia, Virginia, W,est Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Geor
gia, Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee,
Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas
[Louisiana Oklahoma and Texas the
^rate of increase of the whites over the
i negroes was considerably greater
than in the country generally. The
natural increase of white population
in the South Is much larger than it is
in the North, and constitutes practi
cally the entire increase of white
population in the South, since foreign
Immigration into this sectim has
been comparatively light.
The white population of the South
increased in the decade from 1900
to 1910 by 24.4 per cent, and the ne
gro population increased in the same
period only 10.4 per cent, whict is
less than the rate of increase of the
negro in the whole country. Between
1900 and 1910 the white population
of the South increased 4,025,603,
while the negroes gained 826,421.
Outside of the South the whites in
creased in the ten years past 10,897,
888, or 21.7 per cent, while the ne
groes increased 167,879, or 18.4 per
cent. Outside the South the total
negro population shown by the cen
sus is 1,078,904.
The published tables show that in
1880 the white population of the
South was 10,555,427 and the negro
population of the same territory 5,
953,903, while in 1910 the whites
numbered 20,547,573 and the ne
groes 8,749,3 90. In 1880 the whites
constituted 63.9 per cent of the pop
ulation of the South and the negroes
36 per cent. In 1910 the whites con
stituted 69.9 per cent and the ne
groes 29.8 per cent of the South's
people. In the thirty years the whites
have increased 94.7 per cent, or near
ly 10,000,000 souls, and the negroes
have increased only 46.9 per cent, or
In a generation the white popula
tion of the South has grown at a rate
more than double that of the negro's
increase. If the same ratia of in
crease is maintained for the next thir
ty years?and it is more than likely
that it will be largely increased so
far as the white population of the
South is concerned by immigration
to this section?the next generation
should see the South with a white
population of forty millions and a ne
gro population of 12,861,633, the col
ored people constituting only 24 per
cent of the total, against a proportion
of 36 per cent thirty years ago.
ir the rate of the negro's increase
continues to diminish progressively,
as It appears now to be doing, the
disproportion between white and col
ored population in the South will be
much more marked, and it is more
than likely that it will be largely
increased so far as the white popu
lation of the South Is concerned, by
immigration to this section?the next
generation should see the South with
a white population of forty millions
and a negro population of 12,861,633,
the colored poople constituting only
24 per cent of the to^al, against a
proportion of 36 per cent thirty years
If the rate of the negro's increase
continues to diminish progressively,
ah it appears now to be doing, the
disproportion between white and col
ored population in the South will be
much more marked, and it is more
than probable that this will be the
case. It is evident, says the Post,
from the figures of the census that
the proportion of whites to negroes
is steadily growing greater in the
country, and especially is this
marked in the South. The figures
given above should allay all fears as
to the settlement of the race question
in the South.
Trusts Must Be Checked.
Big combinations of capital must
be held in check and kept from
breaking up weaker combinations.
The stability and perpetuity of this
nation demands that this be done. So
long as combinations of capital vio
late the law by restraining trade,
crushing competition, making false
returns and by defrauding the cus
toms just so long must they expect to
be brcught to account. Yet it is evi
dent that one suit after another
brought against them by the federal
government, has the effect of dis
Apparently wjhat is needed is a new
law or such amendment of the Sher
man act as will give the government
com;:lste control and make the posi
tion of trusts so clear tht'.t there can
be no room for evasion or misunder
standing. And with that should also
be made clear that the function of the
courts is not to legislate but to see
that the law is applied in which
that the law is applied in the sense in
which framers of the law designed.
The regulation of the trusts, coup
led with a reduction of the protec
tive tariff, would make a winning
platform for the Democrats in the
next campaign. Both of these mat
ters need attention, and as the Re
publican party has failed to come to
the relief of t.he people in dealing
with the. tariff and the trusts, it is
left for the Democartic party to see
that they are dealt with in such a way
that the people's rights are conserv
-? ? ?- i
Taft is Rack Home.
No matter what political opinions
one may hold, every one is glad that
the President has closed his swing
around the circle without having met
any acident or untoward incident.
The office of chief magistrate of this
country is held in high honor and
whoever fills that exalted station may
always be sure uf a courteous and sin
cere respect and welcome.
Therefore, it was fitting that Dem
ocrats, Republicans and Socialists,
conservatives and progressives should
greet President Taft with unaffected
sincerity in the many places he visit
ed. This did not and does not mean
that those opposed to him political
ly surrendered their opinions, but it
did mean that as citizens of a great
liberty loving and progressive nation
they accorded the respect and wel
come due to one who for the time be
ing is the first citizen of the land.
Besides all that President Taft is a
big-hearted, jolly old fellow, whose
smile none, who comes in range of it,
will ever forget, is personally beloved
by all classess all over the country,
and is bound to be kindly received
wherever he goes. Whenever he
comes South, we lose sight of his pol
itics and welcome him as a big-heart
ed, generous friend of this section
and its people. The South may vote
against President Taft, but it has
nothing but the kindliest feeling for
him, and he will always find a warm
welcome among us.
Dickens and Thackeray.
Every now and again some liter
ary critic arises to find fault with the
literary quality of the works of Dick
ens and Thackeray. We are told that
their style was rude, artificial and too
sentimental. Judging from some lit
erary standpoints, it may be admitted
that their style was not perfect, but
to say that Dickens and Thakeray
were not great novelists is absurd.
The best proof of their greatness and
of the equality of their productions is
seen in their undiminished popularr
1y and in the social and moral reforms
they were instrumental in securing.
Long after their critics and their
works have passed away and been
forgotten Dikens and Thackeray will
be read with delight, and profit by
multitudes on both sides of the water.
One-half Cent a Word
Found Notices Free.
Buy Your Display Vehicles?from
Sifly and Frith and take the
For Sale?An Oliver Typewriter,
very little used. Will be sold
cheap. Mrs. W. C. Ewans, Elloree.
Wanted?a man with family to run
two, three or four horse contract
farm. Apply at once. Paul A. Glea
ton, Springfield. S. C.
For. Sale?Residence 95 Whitman
street. Modern conveniences, sew
erage and lights. Terms reason
able. Apply W. W. Wannama
Wanted?Price on five cords of yel
low pine, 4 feet length, delivered
in Orangeburg. Write J. L. S., care
Times and Democrat, Orangeburg,
Wanted At Once?Contractor to roll
six room dwelling, distance of four
hundred and fifty feet. No turn?,
grade downward. W. M. Fair &
Co., Elloree, S. C.
Wanted?A male teacher for Hill
Fdeld colored school in District No.
10, Calhoun County. Salary $25
per month. Apply with stamp to
D. W. Haigler, Cameron, S. C.
For Sale?One good saw mill and
saw. One good 20 H. P. boiler and
engine. One good Timber Cart
and everything used around a mill.
Apply to J. W. Smoak or Mrs. F.
Fine Farm For Sale?Will sell my
farm seven miles from Orange
burg, one and a half miles from
Jamison, S. C. Land consists of
350 acres. 225 cleared and in
high state of cultivation. Seven
room dwelling. Five tennant hous
es. Thoroughly equipped with out
buildings gin etc. Only enough
cash wanted to insure sale. Bal
ance on easy terms. Apply to
E. J. Wannamaker, Orangeburg,
For Sate?225 acres of land, five
miles from North, S. C; good six
room dwelling, six tenant houses,
thoroughly equipped with barns,
stables and other necessary out
buildings; 185 acres under high
state of cultivation, clear of stumps
and level. This land easily makes
a hale of cotton per acre; on R. F.
D. and within 3-4 mile of a good
school. High and healthy. For
further information, apply to D. IT.
Hydrick. North. S. C. 11-11-1 *
Summons for Relief.
State of South Carolina.
County of Orangeburg.
Court of Common Pleas.
James Banister, Plaintiff, against
Dnllie Bannister Ben Bannister,
Mary Simms, Nellie Clark and
Norris Jeracky, and Ebenezer
Summons amended by order of A. C.
Dibble, Judge of Probate, as Spe
cial Referee dated October 17th.
1911, by making Ebenezer Clark a
To the defendants aboved named:
YOU ARE HEREBY SUMMONED
and required to answer the com
plaint in this action of which a copy
is herewith served upon you. and to
serve a copy of your answer to the
said complaint on the subscribers at
his office Orangeburg. S. C, with
in twenty days after the service here
of, exclusive of the day of service;
and if you fail to answer the com
plaint within the time aforesaid, the
plaintiff in this action will apply to
the Court for the relief demanded in
Dated Aug. in A. D. 19: i.
To Ebenezer Clark, nonresident
Take notice that the complaint
herein filed in the office of the Clerk
of Court of Common Pleas for Or
angeburg County South Carolina, on
October 18th, 1911.
A. W. Summers,
October ISth. 1911.
1. L. Salley, (Seal)
. C. P. 11-1 C-Gt.
I have much to be thankful for this year,
I thank the public whose favor has enabled
me to do the biggest jewelry business between
two Thanksgiving Days since my first coming
to Orangeburg: and I accept this favor as an
obligation on me to still further improve my
stock and my service in every possible way.
Especially do I thank the many who, after
finding my goods, my prices, and my ways
satisfactory to them have spoken words of
approval to their friends and so have increas
ed the number of my customers,
Most heartily do I thank the many hun
dreds ef eye-glasses and spectacle customers
who have recommended me so kindly to their
friends for the satisfaction they have received
from wearing my glasses.
Finally I thank you for all past favors and
sincerely ask for your further valued patron
Jno. T. Wise
Jeweler and Optometrest
A Laugh in Every Line and the
Lines Are Close Together.
30 TAST RUSSELL STREET.
ORAXGEBTJRG, S. C.
The Sensational Comedy of the
Season, a Capable Cast,
clever Lines, Witty Dialogue
Friday, November 17
You are at the Fair
you expect to enjoy
yourself, and we
would not do any
thing that would
bring back to you
the cares of business
but when we can
help you enjoy your
self; when we can do
something to in
crease your pleasure:
we must do it.
There are over 500
? different titles of
novels on hand at
Sims Book Store, any
one of which sells
for 50c. These books
are the leading ones
of fiction and em
brace such writers
heim, McGrath, Page
etc. Come in and
look over the list.
49 E Russell Street
Orangeburg, S. C.
BY HAROLD MeGRATH:
The Man on the Box.
Arms and the Woman.
The Enchanted Hat.
The Goose Girl.
The Best Man.
Hearts and Masks.
Half a Rogue.
The Lure of the Mask.
The Puppet Crown.
The Gray Cloak.
BY THOMAS DIXOX, JR:
The Leopard's Spots.
The One Woman.
BY E. PHILLIPS OPPENHEIM.
A Maker of History.
The Yellow House.
Anna the Adventuress.
The Master Mummy.
The Great Secret.
Mysterious Mr. ?at)in.
A Daughter of Astrea.
To Win the Love He Sought.
The New Tenant.
A Prince of Siners.
BY WILLIAM J. IX)CKi::
Where Love Is.
The Glory of Clementina. ($1.50)
BY ROBERT W. CHAMBERS:
rI he Reckoning.
The Maid at Arms.
Ashes of Empire.
The Maids of Paradise.
The Danger Mark.
The Firing Line.
The Fighting Chance.
The Younger Set. .
The Common Law. ($1.50)
BY GEORGE BARR McOUTCHEON:
Ileverly of Graustark.
The Purple Parasol.
The Man from Brodney's.
These are only a few of the 500 to select from. The ones you
don't see call for. If we havn't got it in stock, leave your ad
dress and it will be ordered for you. Also Blank Books, Maga
ziges, Bibles, School Books, Stationary, Albums, Fiction, Pen
nents. See the window display as you pass our store.