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That England proposes to con- j
tinue to be "Mistress of the Seas" j
as far as lies within her power is
rot evidenced by the progressiv,
strides being made by her navy, but
in the schools for the training of boys
to bf/come of3cers in her merchant
"Though masts and sails have
left us" recently wrote Admiral
Fremantle in the London Times, "a
knowledge of the 'secrets of the sea'
Is quite as necessary to a modern
sailor as it was to our ancestors onel
iiundred years ago." *
? It is true?lamentably true?that
to a great extent masts and sails,
as the old sailors knew them, have
passed into oblivion, giving place,
in an ever increasing degree, to the
steamship, yet so long as the canvas
?driven eraft haB not wholly disap
peared there will be admirable train-j
ing craft for the young man who
nopes to eventually tread the bridge
of mail and passengers liners or
eren great cargo carriers.
Despite the vast development of
the steam craft and the driving of
the sailing vessel from the sea it is
an incontrovertable fact that only
upon a craft of the latter type can
the art of a sailor be thoroughly
learned. Tbe youth who .sains his
experience solely upon a steamer
may learn much of value, as things
go now-a-days, but he acquires his
knowledge dearly inasmuch as he
?an never hope to gain that spirit
of resourcefulness and ooolheaded
ness in time of emergencies, which
Is bred in the lad who gains his
training upon the decks of a square
This early training in sailing is
not only have all the navies of the
world sailing craft for their cadsts,
but the leading steamship lines in
variably give preference to an offi
cer who has served a portion of his |
time upon a sailing ship. The^ com
panies know well that lad who has
been for some three or four years
In daily contact with the work of a -
shin aloft. *ettire and toMne in ??11
W<< ^ I ^?SW
"*~~ ;; ~~~~ r
and always keeping an eye on the
weather has strengthened his nerves,
Increased his resourcefulness and
enlarged his powers of observation.
In a word that officer is a sailor
man ready to act promptly when the
occasion demands. It is at sea of all
places that emergencies arise and
must be handled promptly. Every
now and then a steamer is saved
by a skipper who served his ap
prenticeship as a sailor. Not long
ago a bi? pole masted tramp steam
er enroute from South Africa to a
West Australian port lost h?r
propelle while in midocean.
It is not difficult to think what
the fate of that .craft would havo
been had it not been that the skip
P2r was equal to the situation and
his early training stood him in good
stead. He took all of his awnings,
hatch covers and whatever canvas
he could find and set his crew to
work making sails. Then, with ear
go t booms for yards, he rigged the
masts and took his vessel to the
nearest port some hundreds of mijes
Another skipper, whose early
training had .been similar, faced the
problem of getting hi3 vessel home
without a rudder, it having been
carried away by striking an obstruc
tion. His knowledge of rigging stood
him in good stead for he was able
to place a jury . rudder that served
That the sailing training ship is
an excelent feature has been recog
nized by every maritime nation. The
United States has three such craft,
they being maintained by the states
of New York, Massachusetts and
Pennsylvania, respectively, and to
them the' Government has loaned
vessels that have been equipped to
meet the needs of the work they do.
Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Bel
gium and Japan each have, their
nautical schools for the purpose of
training youas men to become effi
cient merchant sailors while other
nations use sail-propelled craft for
?the training of their seamen.
Of all nations, however, England
takes the lead In having been the
first to establish 6uch a school, the
ship "Warspite" having been estab
lished about 150 years ago. Since its.
founding no less than 65,1 SS lads!
have been prepared for sea. The av
erage annual attendance is about
The "Warspite" does not cruise,
but is anchored permanently near
Greenhlthe. She is, however, as
thoroughly equipped aloft as though
she were sailing, having a full com
plement of rigging and sails so that
the youngsters can get ample train
ing in work aloft.
There are two other training
ships that do not cruise?the "Wor- I
cestor" and the "Conway"?and yet
the graduates attain a high degree
of efficiency. The Worcester was
I formerly the warship "Frederick
I William" and she is of 4,725 tons.
She has four decks and is rigged as
a three-masted ship. She has accom- j
modations for 3 00 cadets and usual-j
ly has a full complement, Admiral |
To.ro, of the Japanese navy, obtain- j
ed his early sea training on the,
The "Conway" was. also a battle- (
ship. She annually cares Ifor about
200 lads between thi; ages of 12
and 15 years, giving them their first
taste of sea life/ Like tne "Worces
ter" the "Conway" has a perament|
berth, being anchored at Rock Fer-j
ry near Liverpool.
From the "Worcester" and the(
"Conway" six appointments to the
Royal Navy are made each year and j
each year the Kins presents a med
al to each school while Prize Days
are held uiiacr the presidency of a
number of ihe ro> family, the
Lord of the Admiralty or some
prominent figure in the marine
Although the training schools are
m.'.in stationary they givs to the
cadets much the same advantages
t.iat would be obtained on a cruis
ing vessel as far as handling sails
is concerned, although the boys are
spared handling canvas in a gale as
they would have to do if at sea.
On the other hand the boys are
trained in small boat work, are
taught to swim and at the same time
pursue studies that they could not
if they were afloat.
The Board of Trade recognizes
the difference^ between the two
methods of training?the anchor
age and cruising?and, it has ruled
that it shall require two years of
service on the stationary ships to
equal one year at sea..
Although these training ships re
fostered by the Government the
boys who would enter have to pay,
just as they have to pay In the ships
of New York, Massachusetts and
Pennsylvania in this country. Thevi
have to be between the ages of LJ
and 15 l'-2 years and be of good
With this foundation the lad be
gins to learn seamanship and to ab-,
sorb the qualities of being 'of cheer-'
ful submission to superiors, self re
specting and independent in charac-j
ter, kind and protective to the weak,
be in readiness to foglve an offense
have a desire to concllliate the
differences of others, and, above all,
show a fearless devotion to duty and
unflinching truthfulness" these be
ing the qualifications that will bring
to tho youngster the gold medal giv
en annually by the King.
The daily routine on the "Wor
cester" is pretty much like that on
all of the training ships except that
each Saturday afternoon the lads arc
;civen shore leave, while there ar ?
three weeks' vacation at Easter
eight weeks In mid-summer and five
weeks at Christmas. In additior
there are two visiting days enr
week when parents and friends^ of
'he cadets are welcome on board the
A British natial, training school
the gives the lads the practical end
of seamanship is the PortJ aackson.
Since the school was established In
1890 about 400 cadets have been
carried, many of them serving full
terms of four years while others,
graduates of the "Conway" and
"Worcester" have served their three
years, all completing their terms
having been given Second Mate cer
"Port Jackson" Is an Australian
packet, making regular runs from
London to Sydney, and she is a ves
sel notable for her speed, having
on one occasion made 345 miles in
24 hous. From the time the ship
leaveB London until she returns
about nine months have elapsed
and she has covered a distance of
about 3 0,000 miles, including the
rounding of Cape Horn, the latter
in Itself being considered a most
important teature in maritime life.
From the moment the "Port
Jackson" is under way strict ship
rcu.inc Is observed and the cadets
do their share toward manning the
vessel. They take their regular
watches, but a portion of each day is
set aside for the study of naviga
tion. As the lads advance in skill
they are given charge of the ship
and the last class virtually bring
the ship home, each lad having
charge for a week or more at a
The British Government and the
British ship owners are keenly In
terested in the training ships and
their young men and the graduates
have little difficulty in obtaining
berths when they have secured their
papers from the Board of Trade.
Indeed there are many prizes of
fered for competency to the cadets
of the schools and these trophies
range from the gold medal of the
King to gold watches, binoculars,
valuable text books and even mon
ey, all of which is done to encourae
the youngsters and to show to them
that what is worth learning is worth
What is education? Emerson says
that the greatest teacher is not the
teacher who supplies the pupil with
the most facts, but the one in whose
presence the pupil becomes a better
person. The great secret of oduca
lion lies In respecting the wants cf
the pupil. It i6 not for us to say what
another shall know or even do. That
part of the game of life 1b choseu and
foreordained and the pupil alone holds
the key to his own needs Emerson
begs us to respect the child He re
Iterates his plea to respect and wait
und see lb* new product of nature
develop. We are not to be too much
the pupil'b parent We are not to be
too often In his solitude We are to,
let bim alone Give the pupil an op-!
portunity to exercise and express his
avery faculty, and then?hands off! I
London's Itaitan Colony.
The Italians in London, England,
are sufficient of themselves to form a
large town. There are as many as
14,000, about 2,000 of whom are ice
cream venders and 1,000 organ-grind
ers. The other 11,000 are chiefly en
gaged as plaster bust Eellers, artists'
models, cooks, valets, teachers, artists,
restaurant and hotel keepers, and so
on. , _
SURELY HAD KICK C0MIN3
Conductor's Words Must Havo Made
Dark Clouds Settle Around
He was In an outlying part of the
Bronx He had an Important engage
ment in tbe lower part of Manhattan,
and already he was late. Finally a
trolley car hove In sight and bora
rapidly cown on him.
He Biirr.aled It, but In his dismay
the speed was not slackened There
was a secoud of anxious thought?
should he or should be not jump oa
the car?tho speed was great, but so
was the dlsiance between oars.
And then came the back platform
of the car, and be shot out Mi arm?
claJchcO th'j hand rail?and the next
instant he was standing on the plat
form, feellrg' as though his arm had
been yanked from its socket, but wear
ing a self-s3tisfled smile
The conductor, Inside the car. pulled
the bell and the car stopped
"Hey! Get off of here!" shouted the
conductor. "This is a work carv"?*
New York P-e&a
Faith In Their Cause.
If they are thrice armed who have
their quarrel Just, then ladies* tailors
must be the most righteous persons
???<? ever irvited a laweuit. for they
hove confidence enough in their own
cause to employ women lawyers. At
a meeting of law school graduates
whe have worked up a lucrative prac
tice, four women declared that their
first clients were tailors
"A iadics" tailor who does good work
p: fers a woman lawyer." said one.
"Sho has a knowledge of clothes that
no mere man can ever hope to ac
quire, and if the gown fought over Is
a half-way decent piece of workman
ship she will be able to convince a
Judge and Jury of Its merits every
time. Tnen. there Is something to be
gained in the advertising line, always
provided, of course, that the tailor Is
worthy of patronage. *'or the lawyer
will give him an order for ber owa
suit and recommend him to friends."
Draws the Line at Files.
We try to sympathize with our
dumb animals In their afflictions,, but
somehow it Is rather difficult for us to
feel very'sorry for the common bouse
hy who ventures too far into our paste
pot.?Ohio Stnrp Journal.
?JEcial Premium List as Complied by
Th# following list of awards was
tande;: us by Mrs. D. C. Hayden,
chairman of the Household Depart
ment. It is ar near correct as she
eculd make it, as a number of the
articles were not classified under the
Jar leaf lard?Mrs. J. William
Stoke*, ilflir. T. R. MrCants.
Domestic soap?Mrs. J. J. Fairey,
Miss Mattie Barber.
Butter?Mrs. Albert Bennett, Mrs.
Fruit cake?Mrs. Hamp Dukes.
White fruit cake?Mrs. Hamp
Potfnd cake?Mrs. Hamp Duke3.
Chocolate cake?Mrs. J. William
Stokes, Mra. Emily Wannamaker.
Silver cake?Mrs. J. William
Cotoanut cake, Mrs. G. E. Rhodes.
Decorated cake?Mrs. Manly Ev
ans, Mrs. Henry Dantzler.
Cream cake?Mrs. Lee Earley, Mrs.
Ladie Baltimore?Mrs. Sam Dibble,
airs. Willie Barton.
Nut cake?Mrs. Hamp Dukes, Mrs.
G. E. Hhodes.
One quart domestic vinegar?Mrs.
Cut peaches?Mr. Margie Dantzler,
Mrs. R. N. Owen.
Whole peaches?Mrs. F. R. Simp
son, i3trs. Willie Funches.
Apple marmala;:?Mrs. T. E. An
Can pears?Mrs. J. William Stokes,
Mrs._N. G. Evans.
Blackberries?Mrs. J. R. Crouch,
Mrs. A. D. Webster.
Whortle berries?Mrs. F. R. Simp
son, Mrs. Annie M. Darby.
Whole canned tomatoes ?Mrs. J.
T. Judy Mrs. C. E. Smith.
Cooked tomatoes?Mrs. X. G. Ev
ans, Mrs. Annie M. Darby.
Corn and tomatoes?Mrs. Hugh
Beans?Mrs. L. W. Fairey, Mrs.
?Be:its?Mrs. J. T. Bell, Mrs. Steph
Muscadines?Mrs. X. G. Evans.
Pumpkin chips?Mrs. J. R. Crouch,
Mrs. Julia Tyicr.
Fig preserves?Mrs. N. G. Evans,
Mrs. R. P. Balwin.
Apple preserves?Mrs. T. E. An
drea, Mrs. D. J. Sal ley.
Pear preserves?Mrs. J. W. Stokes,
Mrs. Stephen Eaney.
Peach preserves?Mrs. M. G. Sal
ley, Mrs. W. F. Fairey.
Watermellon preserves?Mrs. W.
F. Fairey, Mrs. W. D. iMoorer.
Pineapple?Mrs. N. 6. EvasB.
Plum preserves?Mrs. A. D. Web
Branded peaches?Mrs. M. G. Sal
ley, Mrs. H. E. Boliver.
Apple Jelly?Mrs. W. D. Moorer,
Mrs. R. P. Balwin.
Lemon Jelly?Mrs. Julia Tyler.
Blackberry jelly?Mrs. A. D. Web
ster, Mrs. Julia Tyler.
Grape jelly?Mrs. J. W: Smoak,
Mrs. S. Dibble.
Quince jelly?iMrs. D. J. Salley.
Haw jelly?Mrs. J. W. Stokes.
Pear jelly?Mr3. J. W. Stokes.
Peach jelly?Mrs. Julia Tyier, Mrs.
J. W. Smoak.
Crab appl9?Mrs. J. W. Stokes,
Mrs. Julia Tyler.
i.VJuscadine jelly?Mrs. J. W.
Cherry jelly?Mrs. J. W. Stokes.
Muscadine jam?Mrn. J. W. Smoa.1^.
Haw jam?Mrs. Julia Tyler.
Sweet peach pickle?Mrs. Porter,
Mrs. Willie Funches.
Watermellcu rind pickle?Mrs.
Pear sweet pickle?'Mrs. James P.
Doyk;, Mrs. X. G. Evans.
Pear sweet pickle, by girl under
fourteen?Miss Mary Moss.
Cucumber sweet pickle?Mrs. M. C.
Edwins. Mrs. Sanders Griffith.
Artichoke?Mrs. V. . D. Moorer,
Mrs.. Hamp Dukcs.
Onions?Mrs. Phili.) Rich.
Sour cucumber pickle?Miss Fan
nie Fairey, Mrs. J. W. Riley.
Cut pepper?Mrs. 7illa Berry.
Stuffed Pepper?Mrs. L. D. Earley.
Miss Daisy Utsey.
Sweet penper?"Mrs. Sanders Grif
Tomato pickle?Mrs. W. M. Tay
lor, Mrs. Stephen Earley.
Mixed pickles?Mrs. W. G. Alber
gotti. Mrs. J. D. S. Fairey.
Chow chow?Mrs. Philip Rich,
Mrs. W. F. Fairey. ,
Chow chow, girl under 14 years?
Miss iMary Moss. j
Tomato catsup?Mrs. Julia Tyler, J
Mrs. M. C. Edwins.
Tomato catsup, by girl under 14
years?Miss Mary Lou Crook.
Red pepper catsup-?Mrs. S. Dibble.
Chilli sauce?Mrs. Julia Tyier.
Cane syrup?Mrs. W. D. Moorer.
Honey?Mrs. M. C. Edwins.
Lenoir grape wine?Mrs. Sanders
Scuppernong wine?Mrs Sanders'
Griffith. Mrs. Julia Tyler.
Apple wine?Miss .Yiattie Barber.
Blackberry?Mrs. Sanders Griffith,
Mrs. Hugh Roland.
j Crape wine by girl 14 years?Miss
j Ida Edwins.
Blackberry acid?Mrs. J. W.
Wild cherry?Mrs. !'<anders Griffith.
One dozes eggs?Hr. D. 0. Her
bert, Mr. Andrew Gramlisg.
SHOULD HOLD COTTON.
President C. S. Barrett Gives Out
"Soe the enclosed clipping. I am
right in behind you with this work.
More than '3,000 papers carry these
communications" was the statement
contained in a letter received at the
State department of Agriculture by
E. J. Watson, the commissioner, says
The State. The following statement
accompanied the letter:
"President Chas. S. Barrett of the
National Farmer's union, in an ad
dress to union members says hold
cotton. He urges farmers to farm as
if cotton were not in existence. He
says at this critical stage of the cot
ton situation, with tha Farmers' un
ion and scores of business leaders
and general southern factors bat
tling to stem the tide of unfair
prices, the first duly of the farmer is
to hold his cotton. Those who sell at
present prices are simply giving
away a margin of several million dol
lars to spinners and speculators.
Quotations after the first of the year
will establish the truth of that asser
tion. The most dif'icult part of the
campaign is now upon us. To waver
is to lose the effect of the splendid
work alrea.lv accomplished.
"In South Carolina under the lead
ership of E. J. Watson, president of
the Southern Cotton eongri-ss, they
are instituting a system of pledges
which binds the plant-r to hold his
present cotton for 13 cents; and fur-'
ther, not to sow more than 60 per;
cent of the arable acreage in cotton
for the coining season. The plan is
an excellent one. Statistics and our
own common sense tell us that the
crop now in hand is worth more than
is being offered for it. But if civili
zation needs the sharp lesson of a
short crop to emphasize the wisdom
of fair dealing with the farmer, then
so he it.
"The .-outh is in a better position
to be absolutely independent than
any other sectiou of the country, .lust
assume, for the sake of illustration,
that soil conditions were such that
we could not produce cotton. We'
would then proceed to realize upoii
the South's heaven-sent heritage by
producing the great staple crops rais
ei in every section of Amereia. the
crops they rely upon to sustain life,
to bring in revenue, to promote pros
"Think what Southern soil can
yield: Corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye,
sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, tur
nips, peas, vetch, burr clover, alfalfa,
ribbon, canr, sorghum, watermelons,
all kinds of vegetables, cows, hogs,
sheep, seats mules, poultry und poul
A Stiring Scene in Geo. Barr McCutpheon's fascinating romance Beverly o
Graustark, at the Academy of Music, Thanksgining Eve, Wed., Nov. 29.
Cut out and mail today.
Someone is ?*?^^,;m*;><>'<k>^
THE TIMES AND DEMOCRAT,
ORANGEBURG, S. C,
Contest Editor: Please enroll me as a contestant in The Times and Democrat's Grand Voting Contest
why not let that
someont ije you?
Township. Also send me envelopes, oider blanks, receipt
books, etc, so that I may begin work prompt!}'.
try products, dairy j/roducis and all
manner of fruits.
"We could simply wipe eolton out
of consideration, ttill niake a living
and bring in enormous sums from the
world at lar^e for Southern crops.
"In the face of these tremendous
assets, it is nothing less than crimi
nal folly to concentrate on cotton.
Cut down on it ruthlessly! Make it
strictly a surplus crop. Produce any
or all of the other crops I have
enumerated. Then the periennial
cotton problem will cease to be one,
bered by the large ore n.s now in
sanely t=eal outside ot che section for
staples that should be raised here."
Fhtlng Prices of Diamonds.
The prices of polished diamonds are
the cotton we do raise will bring a control!ed by pric0s of tne ^ug|l . ^ ^ y,^
stones and are really made In London. 1 a
Must Have ?inca Well.
The electric ventilating ran on the
well of the restaurant was whizzing
round. A gentleman who bad dined
extremely well sat looking at ft for
I some time. "Walter," be complained.
fair price, and it will not be incum