Newspaper Page Text
UM ttirat BhBtt Jaka D. Etck>
feiisw aad a Preacher for
IS FMCIIL RUIN
Says the Preacher Induced Him to
I Borrow Money From Rockefeller,
amd That Rockefeller Took Advan
tage of Him and Fleeced Him of
Alii His Stocks and Bonds.
Alfred Merritt. of Duluth, Minn.,
<Ehe lirat president of the Duluth, MIs
uabe & Northern Railway, who styled
himself a "lumberjack unacquainted
with the methods, of the money
.fjrust." told the house steel trust in
vestigating: committee today that
through loans of less than $1.000,000 j
Irom John D. Rockefeller he had lost j
sis moldings in the Missabe Iron,
iminos and the railroad's properties j
now owned by tho United Steel cor-i
[.-oration and estimated to be worth
today as high as $700,000,000.
Merritt declared that he was in
duced through F. D. Gates, Mr.
Rockefeller's secretary, "in charge of
his charitable work," to put up all
his holdings as collateral for loans
from Mr. Rockefeller in 1892 and
1893. One loan was for $420,000.
Others were for various sums. Gates,
be said, was a Baptist preacher in!
whom he had confidence and who^
assured him that by placing a call
loan he would not be pressed and
that he would be taken care of.
The witness related how, two
months after he had put up hi3 col
lateral with Mr. Rockefeller, during
the panic of 1893, Rockefeller called
the loan, giving him 24 hours to" raise
$430,000 and that being unable to
raise the money he and his brother
lost rheir property. He admitted that;
Mr. Rockefeller offered him 3n op-!
purtunity to buv his properly back
within a year but declared that tho
oil king told financiers "to keeu
hands off" and that he was unable to
raise money anywhere
The Merrltt's wera first pa-ties to
a transaction with Mr. Rockefeller
and others in the formation of the
Lake Superior Consolidated Iron
mines. In this the mines of the Su-,
pertor region aud the Duluth, M'ss^
abe-'& Northern were consolidated.
Out of this a suit by the Merritts
against Rockefeller developed on the
ground of misrepresentation of the
value of mining properties turned in
by the Rockefeller interests. Subse
quently, Rockefeller paid him the
Merritts $525,000 in the settlement
Before this settlement and after
ho had lost his stock holdings and
Before this settlement and after
ho had lost his stock holdings and
ceased to be president of the rail
road, Merritt testified that F. D.
Gates came to him and said Mr.
Rockefeller wanted him to continue
as president of the road for another
"Was that the Baptist preacher
Gates who came to you " asked
"Yes," Merritt replied. "He said
Mr. Rockefeller had confidence in
me, and knew that I, through my ac
quaintances with the boys on the
range, would be able to get more
shipping business than, any one else
could do. I guess that was true."
"The Rev. Dr. Gates seemed to be
serving the Lord and John D. Rocke
felled, dhin't he?'' the chairman in
"But I refused the offer," Merritt
answered emphatically. "I told Gates
that I could not retain my manhood j
and work for John D. Rockefeller." j
The intricacies of the transactions]
were involved and' with difficulty,
were drawn from the witness. Rep
resentative Beall of Texas finally |
summed the matter up:
"You do linov? this, then," said Mr.!
Beall, "before you dealt with
John D. Rockefeller, you and your,
brother had valuable stockholdings.
In the Lake Superior ore region and:
in this railroad and after your deal-,
ings with him you had no stock?"
"Yes, that's it," said Mr. Merritt.:
"I want to emphasize further that
before I dealt with Rockefeller I had
1-10 interest in the Duluth, Missabe,
& Northern railroad which last year
made $8,000,000, and that now I
"I am inclined to blame the.
preacher more than I am Rockefeller.
He deceived me. I don't blame Rock-j
efeller so much. He belongs to the'
"What reasoji did Rockefeller have
for closing in on your?" asked Rep
resentative Gardner. "Did he need
"Ho wanted that property. I am
convinced that he sent the hands off"
notice to financiers with whom I
tried to raise money to redec :i my
property. lie told financiers in Cleve
land whom 1 approached that the
property he got for $10 a share was
not worth $5, and i could not get a
"I put too much faith in these m^n
in my Interest to develop the prop
erty. I was only a lumberjack and
woodman, unused money truk ways.
Many a Western man has had a si . i
lar experience in New York."
After Chairman Stanley had indi
cated that he wonM be very plnd ??,
hear from Mr. Rockefeller on the
matter, Mr. Beall made a. motion that)
be be served with a subpoena duces
tecuin. George Wellman Murray
PL? MO Wim
|A TRAIN IN FRANCE FALLS
THROUGH A BRIDGE,
Thirty or More Passengers Lost Their
Lives by Drowning Before They
Could Be Saved.
Many passengers, it is estimated,
lost their lives when a train plunged
into the river Thouet Thursday morn
ing, owing to the breakdown of a
railroad bridge on the State Railway
at Montereuil-Bellay, In the depart
ment of the Maine-Et-Loire, France.
The train, which had started from
Angers, was traveling to Poitiers..
It carried about 100 passengers.
While It was crossing the bridge over
the Thouet, the structure, which had
been greatly weakened by recent
floods, broke down, crashing with the
whole of the cars into the Bwollen
Many of the passengers who suc
ceeded In getting ou? of the cars
through the windows tried to save
themselves by clinging to the tops of
trees which showed above the surface
of the water. In most cases, how
ever, they were quickly washed :iway
by the rushing currents.
All the boat3 In the locality had
been carried off by the inundations,
so that it was impossible for the peo
ple of the neighborhood to assist
much in the work of rescue.
No exact information is yet avail
able as to the number of victims or
as to thoBe rescued, but it Is be
lieved that between fifty and sixty
have been drowned,
SEATTLE CONFESSES GUILT.
Before Death Admitted He Killed His
Henry Clay Beattle, Jr., was elec
trocuted In the state penitentiary at
Richmond. Va., Friday at 7:23 a. m.
One minute *ft.er the shock he was
pronounced dead. Before his execu
tion he confessed that he murdered
his young wife. The statement,
which waB given out In the rotunda
of a downtown hotel, follows:
"I, Henry .Clay Beattie, Jr., desir
ous of standing right before God and
man, do on this, the 23 rd day ot
November, 1911, confess my guilt of
the crime against me. Much that w?is
published concerning the details wa.s
not true but the awful fact, without
the harrowing circumstances, re
mains. For this action I am truly
sorry, and, believing that I am at
peace with God and am soon to pass
into His presence, this statement Is
Beattie'a confession was followed
by this statement by the attending
"This statement was signed In the
presence of the two attending min
isters and is the only statement that
can and will be made public by them.
"Mr. Beattle desired to thank the
many friends for kind letters and ex
pressions of interest and the public
for whatever sympathy was felt or
PRAYED FOR GUIDANCE
Then Slew Her Husband She Says to
Save His Soul.
As a witness In her own behalf
Mrs. Frances O'Shaut^.nessy rook the
stand and told a New York Jury
which will decide whether she tihall
!ivf? or fie of the events which led
up to her killing her husband,
George, "to save his soul."
A year after her marriage, she
said, George began to stay out late
at night. She suspected another wo
man, she said, but was not sure until
she saw George with this woman?
th? cashier at the store where he was
A bundle of notes which Mrs.
O'Shaughnessy said she found under
her husband's pillow was banded to
the jury. The notes were from Tes
sie Hayes, the other woman, she 3aid,
and in them the writer called George
Mrs. O'Shaughnessy had read them
all, she said, then prayed for guid
ance before she shot her nusband.
She decided that by killing her hus
hand the would keep him from vio
lating the seventh commandment and
thereby save his soul.
TWO KILLED IX AUTO.
A Man and a Woman Lose Their
Lives in Atlanta.
Charles ('.riffln of Atlanta and Mrs.
A. E. Nelson of Birmingham were
killed in Atlanta Thursday night in
an automobile accident when their
car. in attempting to get out of the I
way of a trolley car. swerved and ran
into a telephone pole. Three other
members of the party escaped without
?njury. The accident occurred on the
" leath curve" of Peach tree street.
The headlight of the trollev car, it
is paid, blinded Charles Brady, the
negro chauffeur of the automobile,
causing him to los-'1 control of his j
car. When the machine struck n tel
ephone pole Grifiin and Mrs. Nelson
won1 pitched out oo their heads. suf-|
fering injuries from which they died
a few minutes later.
counsel for Mr. Rockefeller, objected!
and suggested that Mr. Rockefeller
ho required to send the contract de-,'
"1 am sure Mr. Rockefeller would
he glad to comply with any request,"
said Mr. Murray.
T8AT MM ?IM
Pi'esii ci ti Siale I'WiQ'/s Uutfi Does
f JS8 IT Will BE GOOD
Says Ho Hopes That It Will be Help,
But He Believes That Its Object
Has Already Been Achieved, But
It All Depends; en the Farm
B. W. Dabbs, president of the
South Carolina Farmers' union, is
rather doubtful how the farmers of
?the State will receive the plan of the
New York syndicate ^o lend $25 a
bale upon the cotton crop of South
Carolina. Its success will depend, he
said, upon whether the planters em
brace the offer of the syndicate. He
also said that he could not see any
noticeable effect of the syndicate's
scheme, as he thought the main de
sideratum to be obtained by the plan,
in his estimation, had already been
obtained through action by the Farm
Nevertheless, if the plan seems
good to him when he has had time
to examine its details, he will lend it
his heartiest support. He hopes, he
said, that it will prove successful in
helping the farmers to secure a fair
price for their cotton.
"While I do not wish to throw
cold water on the New York syndi
cate's plan of advancing 525 per bale
on the South's cotton crop," said Mr.
Dabbs Tuesday night, "I do think
that the promoters have overlooked
two points. One of these, as I point
ed out to C. S. Barrett, president of
the National Farmers' Union, is the
question whether the farmers will
embrace the offer of the Northern
syndicate. I suggested to him that
instead of one trustee, as proposed
in the original plan, there should be
three for each State, and that one
member from each State should con
stitute the central board of control.
(Mr. Barrett seemed to think that the
'more Important point was to secure
the confidence of the financial men,
while I maintained that the farmer's
trust should first be gained. To
this end I made my suggestion as to
tire appointment of three trustees.
'"That second point that the promo
ters seem to have overlooked is the
effect that will .be produced by the
action of the business agents of the
Farmers' tnion, which urged that
the farmers refrain from buying fer
tilizer at high prices. Will make for
a substantial reduction in acreage
even without the trustee movement.
"I had thought that the effect of
tying up 2,000,000 bales of cotton
in the hands of trustees would be a
very strong tendency on the part of
the farmers to reduce their acreage
next year. The knowledge that there
were 2,000,000 bales of cotton that
might be carried over until the next
crop was put on the market, I
thought, would lead the planters to
see the futility of excessive produc
"This purpose, however, I think,
has been subserved by the present
conditions. With cotton selling at
nine cents and below, and with fer
tilizers high, I think the farmers will
take the advice given by the business
agents of the Farmers' Union in their
meeting at Columbia. Conditions
are such now that farmers, by reduc
ing their acreage and cutting down
their purchases of fertilizers, will ao
curtail production that another ex
cessive crop iB unlikely. This, then,
disposed of one object of hoi ling the
cotton by the trustee system. This
condition seems to prevail wherever
I have been of late.
"Now as to the success of the
plan. It depends, as I intimated be
fore, on whether the farmers will
embrace the offer of the financiers.
"So far, I can see no notable ef
fect. The action of the Farmers' Un
ion business agents and the action
we took at Sumtcr ye^erday will
prevent the sacrifice of cotton to pur
chase fertilizer. The matter of re
djction of acreage will be accom
plished by this mean3 without the
application of the trusteeship plan.
Judging by the response to the
p'edges to hold cotton and reduce
acreage, I do not think that the
planters will readily embrace the
proposition made by the syndicate.
"I should like to see the plan suc
ceed, but I fear it. will not take with
the Southern planters.
"I am not at all antagonistic to
this plan; I will .be glad to nee r.ny
: thing succeed thru, will insure us a
; price for nur cotton which will give
! us a profit. After 1 have secured a
< better knowledge of Its details, if it
! meets my approval, I will gi\e it. my
heartiest support and Cooperation."
Mr. Dabbs also explained lite ac
tion taken Tuesday at a meeting of
the Farmers' 1'nion called to discuss j
the fertilize! situation. The result
of the meeting was a recommendation
that the farmers buy no f"rtilizer
f<r 1912 except on this condition
that the payment be made in three
installments, one not, earlier than
December 1, li'lL', and the other two
at intervals of nol less than ?.0 days.
This recommendation, with that of
the business agents of the union.'
that the farmers be conservative in
their purchases of fertilizer at the
present prices, if followed. Mr. Dabbs
thinks, will lead to a reduction in
acreage and will put the farmers inj
a better position to hold their cottonj
JRG, S. C, SATURDAY, NOVE
stuck by mm
YOTJNG MAN KILLED BY COAST'
LTND AT SCRANTON. i
Ti.finning Aeross tho Track to Catck
A Traia and If as Kan Over, by Ex
At Scranton Mr. Grover Turner,
the eighteen-year-old son of Mr. R. F.
Turner, a prosperous and influential
farmer of Hannah Pustofllce, in the
lower section of Florence Connty,
was knocked down and instantly
killed Wednesday at about 12 o'clock
by an extra Atlantic Coast Line en
gine going North. Mr. J. R. Powell,
of Mallory, and Mr. J. F. Creel, of
Appalacholia. Fla., were standing at
the depot waiting for the arrival of
the Orangeburg train and received
painful but not serious Injuries by
S the body of young Turner being
thrown against them when it was
struck by the moving engine.
All of the gentlemen went to
Scranton Wednesday morning to take
I the Orangeburg train for Florence,
? and while waiting for the arrival of
! the train, young Turner went to Mr.
R. 'B. Cannon's stables, a short dis
j tance from the depot, to leave his
horse and\buggy, and while at the
livery stables the extra engine ran
up, going North, and Mr. Turner
j hearing and thinking it was the train,
' ran towards the depot, going diag
onally across the main line of the
j Atlantic Coast Line in front of the
jengine. He was struck by tho moving
; engine when in about one hundred
; and fifty feet from the depot and his
body was thrown through the steps
i of the- depot, death resulting instant
Magistrate 0. S. Baldwin at once
I empanelled a jury and held an ln
! quest and the following verdict was
rendered: "That the deceased came
to his death by running in front of
j a moving engine on tht track of the
[ Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Com
pany." Physicians who examined the
j body stated that death probably was
, caused by concussion of the brain and
The remains were carried Lome
Wednesday afternoon, a distance of
'two miles and was burled Thursday!
at the family burying ground. It!
was stated that young Mr. Turner1
had a largo numbor of relatives and
friends in that part of the" country
and bis untimely rd -'tragic death
! was a source of great sorrow and be
. reavement to the community.
KILLED WOMAN AND CHILDREN.
Story of Cruelty Confirmed by Chi
A cablegram from Peking, China,
jp.ays the killing of foreigners, at Sian
Fu, Shen Si province, has been furth
er confirmed by two Chinese students.!
I who have arrived from that city. Dur
ing the fighting in Sian Fu a mob at
! tacked th9 China Inland mission, lo
cated outside of tne city. They mur
dered Mrs. Beckman, who is said to
j be an American, and five of the mis
sion children. Mr. Beckman was
wounded, but escaped, saving an in
fant. The surviving foreigners were
sheltered by Chinese Christians and
' subsequently departed eastward to-.
' ward the railway.
WANTED FOR WIFE MURDER.
Dies at Aliendalo Over in Barnwell
Connty Last Week.
A dispatch from Blnghampton, N.
j Y., says William Emerson, sought by
detectives and police throughout the |
country for the alleged murder of hisj
wife at Endieolt. N. Y., on Sept. j
8, lies dead in Allendale, S. C, ac-j
cording to a dispatch received from
Grover S. Emerson, brother of the j
alleged murderer. Death, according
I to the message, was caused by ma
larial fever. The dispatch says that
Emerson had been traveling through
tho South under the assumed name
of James White. Becoming ill sev
eral weeks ago, he was cared for by
the Masonic order. The body will bo
carried back to Binghanipton.
Trained Sea Lion Escaped.
Tiring of its daily routine at bal
ancing a ball on the end of its nose
in a North Side theatre at Chicago,
a trained sea lion flopped through aj
window pane and into an alley.!
When it felt the snow and sniffed the!
cold air, it appeared in i's natural!
element and starte:! at a lively gait
for Lake Michigan.
Soldiers Sent to Chirm.
The fifteenth infantry will prob-1
ably be sent to China, immediately
u;pcti arrival at Manila December
t. aboard the trausp <v Thomas from
San Francisco. The regiment will be'
reinforced to full war strength and;
he accompanied by a hospital corps,
engineers, Held artillery and posalbly
Cirl Choked With IM1I.
At Tifton, fin., Pauline Duffer, the 1
six-year-old child of Mrs. Lawrence
Dudley, mel a tragic d< ;::h .: aj
pill given to her for so ne minor ail-,
ment lodged In her windpipe nnd|
could not bo removed. The mother
is prostrated over the tragedy.
Two Children iat.iil.v 5mm t.
At Cincinnati, two children were,
fatally injured and a number of men
seriously hurt when Are destroyed
the plant of the J. Baums Safe and
Lock Company at G17 Front street.
Ssaater hti IL fL?aai ItL&j for Eds
Dries a! ftdmgUii.
iE IS VERY MUCB AUY?
Ha Has Benefittod by Work ?n Hl?
Farm, Feels 'Able for 'Long Seige,
tmtl PUbs to Stay in Washington
Darias th* Bnfciro Winter Ses
In a letter to The News and Cour
ier from Columbia Col. Aagust Kohn
aaya when Senator Tillman returns
to Washington it is his purpose to
remain there. He has been quite
actiro for some time on his farm at
Trenton and this out of door work
has no doubt been of great benefit to
him, and he feels able and strong
enough to undertake the work at
Washington when the session opens
in a few weeks.
Senator Tillman is not saying any
thing about his re-election, because
he takes that for granted, and if
nothing occur3 between now and the
next primary his name will, of course,
be before the voters and he has no
doubt that the people will re-elect
It is a long time since March, 1895,
when Senator Tillman took his seat
in the United States Senate. Of the1
group that went into the Senate at'
that time .but very few remain, and
the associates of Senator Tillman at
that time'who remain are: Senator
Eacon, Martin and Nelson.
The Senate, as every one knows,
is a very "close corporation," and it
is perhaps the one organization where
seniority counts most. Once in a
while a shining light breaks in and
temporarily disconcerts the customs
and precedence of generations, but
this Is most unusual. Senator Till
man ranks seventh in sorlority?
that is in length of service. The Un<
lted States Senators ahead of him
are: Senators Culllon, Lodge, Dal
linger, Perkins, Clark, of Wyoming,
and Warrin, and then comes the
group of which Senator Tillman 13
Of course, as every one knows,
Senator Cullom is a very old man,
being 82 yeara of age. Senator Gil
linger was born in 1837, Senator
Perkins in 1S3-9 and Senator Warren
was born in 1844, and of the Senators
who remain in tho 1 95 group: Sen
ator Bacon was born in 1839, Sena
tor Nelson in 1843. while Senator
Tillman was born la 1847, which]
makes him really one of the younger
members of the 'Senate.
It is because of this long service,
ani'e from the recognized ability of
Senator Tillman, that makes him of
so much value at this time and the
possibilities of his service of ever so
much more value. The changing of
three Senators, that is the election
of three Democrats instead of three
Republicans, who are now Senators,
will change the majority of the Sen
ate from Republican to Democratic,!
and in that event Senator Tillman i
would by right of being the ranking
Democratic member have the choice
of the chairmanship of one of several
of the most Important committee of
He is the ranking Democrat on the
committees of appropriation, naval af
fairs, Interstate commerce, mines I
and mining, and Indian relations,
and is now chairman of "Five Civiliz
ed Tribes of Indians," which gives
hia; a clerk and me?denger. If the
Democrats should gain control of the
Penate, which Is altogether likely,
this would mai^e Senator Tillman
chairman of perhaps the moat lmpor-i
tant committee in the Senate, that Is]
the committee of appropriations I
which handles the billion dollars that
are annually expended by the Feicr
al Government. As a matt-* ? of fact,
the Democrats want SenaU Tillman
for this position and now defer to
him in many matters that come be
fore the committee, of which he Is?
the ranking minority member.
Just a little Incident, to show how!
things go. For many year? a bill
was pending either in the House or:
Senate providing for a fish hatchery 1
In South Carolina, but it never passed
both branches In any one year and;
never pot into the appropriation bill.)
At a meeting of the committee last 1
year while the matter of pppropriat
inr- funds for fisheries was under dis
cussion, although there was no billj
before either the House or Senate.
Senator Tillman jested that he
wanted a fisher] cor this State and
wanted $2".,000. The other mem
bers of tho committee concurred an-lj
without any legislative Act the $":.",-|
con was simply incorporate I In the
general appropriation bill, anil this,
is the way things are often done andi
why a chairmanship is of so much,
importance. l.-i:>r ^ervii ??>, too.,
niakes such things easy to do. 1
Of course, Senator Tillmau with
his quickness has no! needed the
eighteen years thai he has been in
the Senate to find oul how to "work
tho machine" or t< catch 011 lo allj
ihe legislative "kinks/ but he has us-;
1 ?! (his tinn in addition to becoming
familiar with the legislative machin
ery making friends, and the people in
Washington, regardless of political af
filiations, all testify to the high re
gard In which Senator Tillman is held
by the officials, as well as by the!
officers in the army and navy, and
with his rank, efficiency and acquaint-j
ance, if the Democrats should gain'
mum mum coke
COLL74BL?NS CLAM TO BB
FLMECUD BT CLATR70TAKT.
Thoy Sat* Her Momey to Doable forj
Them aad She Carrie.! It Off With
The Columbia correspondent of
The News and Courier says Mme.
Velra Gordon, chalrvoyant and pos
sessor of the hidden secrets, who
made' promise of belns able to double
one's money if left in her possession,
has departed for parts snknown, al
leged to be carrying along with her
funds belonging to certain persons,
which funds were left in her posses
sion upon which to work the charm
of her powers and double ths own
Shs held forth on Main street here
for several days, Including Fair
Week, and it Is stated that she had
something like 82,(000 belonging to
other people. While it is noc known
where she Is, it is stated that when
she left here one week ago last Sat
urday she headed towards Charles
ton. The police are looking for her
and a warrant is out for her arrest,
issued by the Magistrate's Court.
Mme. Gordon claimed to possess
supernatural power and among other
accomplishments, resulting from this
ownership and understanding of the
mysteries, held out, so It is stated,
to the public that she could double a
sum of money if left with her by
means of "visions" or some of the
other numerous ways of the dark and
unknown powers which she claims to
Thus if a person had $200 and
wanted to make It $400, all that per
son had to do was to leave It with
(Mme. Gordon, who would worlc the
"rabbit foot" on It and the trick
would bo turned. Now It is charged
that, lured by this promise, several
did leave sums of money with her to
work this charm upon.
The madame piled her trade here
during Fair Week with marked suc
cess, so it is said, and since then she
met with good returns. She adver
tised quite extensively her powors in
the papers and-drew a good trade, ac
cording to those who have been in
vestigating this case.
ANOTHER LYNCHING BREWING.
Two White Women Attacked by the
Same Negro Fiend.
Another attempted outrage by a
negro upon a white woman occurred
at Coateaville, Pa., and a few hours
later the same negro, It is believed by
the police officials, attempted to hold
up Mrs. Fred Russell, who was driv
ing near where the first attack oc
The Intended victim of the negro
In the first instance was the wife of a
mill worker of Coatesville. She
fought the man off after having been
twice thrown to the ground. As she
was fast losing her strength, a car
riage driven by Miss Johanna Irwin
came into view and the negro left his
Intended victim and disappeared into
the woods . The search for the negro
was kept up until dark but no trace
of him was found.
A short time later, as Mrs. Russell
was driving on the same road, a ne
gro jumped out and brandishing a
revolver, attempted to catch the
horse by the bridle. Mrs. Russell
gave the animal a cut with the whip
and managed to escape.
control of the Senate tho people of
this State can hardly estimate of how
much value he would be.
Of course, Senator Tillman fs not
?s vigorous nor as strong as he,has
been, but be is able to be up and
about: to make speeches, though Dr.
Babcock aiivises him not to do it; to
say what he wants; to dictate let
ters: to attend committee raftings,
and to "kick" whenever it may be
necessary, and the?e things count for
much in official life in Washington,
where speech-making Is more largely
intended for on'side consumption
than it is for results.
It la just a3 well for the people of
South Carolina to understand what
the conditions are with ro^a-rd to
Senator Tillman and his ran* among
the Democrats, the disadvantage of
changing horses and what his sphere
of usefulness may amount to if he
continues in his present, health and
llni? Democrats continue to hold on
to what tbey have, to say nothing of
gaining control of the .-enate, and Its
greater possibilities. Committee
work counts for mom in the United
States than in any legislatie assembly
Come to the Cotton Fields.
T! 3 negrot s of Charleston are still
? ill! v.- for aid f >r the storm sufferers
on the islands and In the city while
for some months we have seen the
;n ihert! to -ret out and do
the work that is waiting on them in
very community around them and
il . mid not be necessary for them to
...,..?. I charity. Why don't, they
come to the cotton fid Is. whore they
Lad Crushed to Death.
!'.. Taylor, a white lad of
about eight years, was struck and
killed by a freight car on the South
( rn Railway, in Newberry Tues
day afternoon. The little V-y. the
son of Mrs. Josephine Taylor, of the
Xewberry Cotton Mills, was on Iiis
way to the city to buy a spool of
'WO CENTS PER C0FY.
M IT SANE
Br. ''cfesrnwi, d CestiJ, Says tit
S ara is &>pf d ii* fiU?eD
in ? mm mm
The President of Cornell Us?versity
Make? am Address in Atlanta,, in
Which He Touched on Politics, ?be
Curroary, Socialism and Other MalW
ters of Interest.
Dr. Ja:ob G. Schurman, president
of Corned University, and one of tho
most notable figures in the education
al world, was in Atlanta for a short
time Thursday, being tendered a
iuncheon at the University Club >y
the local alumni of Cornell. In a
speech following the luncheon Dr.
Schurman uttered a.significant warn
ing in regard to the spread of sceSt.l
isin in America and predicted th..i
the conservatism of the South wou.d
work the country's salvation.
Governor John M. Slaton intro
duced the guest of honor as one who
had "demonstrated his ability to fill
: the role of the modern college presi
! dent, politician, financier, literatist
1 and gentleman." Dr. Schurman be
gan by telling of his attendance at tfee
Bankers' Convention in New Orleans,
' where he delivered a speech, but
1 shortly afterward delved into politics,
? speaking warmly of his fellow-cot*
j lege president, Woodrow Wiison, of
I Princeton University.
"I have been in every section of
j the United States during the past few
months and have had opportunity tD
I study the political situation thor
' oughly," said he. 'It seeme to mo
that political conditions are undergc1
i ing a radical change?that we aro
returning to the discarded theories
and-Ideas of 2,000 years ago. So
cialism is gaining in every section of
the union, save In the south. In tho
east several socialists are in legisla
tive halls. In the west socialist may
ors are at the head of many munici
palities. The north is undergoing
tho same fever of unrest.
"In the South .alone have I found
that same spirit of conservative pro
gressiveness which marked the spirit
animating the founders of our coun
try. The South will be the nalvatlon
of our country, for from it will spread
the right kind of conservatism, bring
ing back the erring sections to a
realization of their mistake. Tho
I South is the home of conservatism^
'and sticks close to the old landmarks*
jas hewed out bs the fathers in the
I early days of the Republic.
"While in New Orleans I had oc
casion to speak on currency problems
in the United States, and this, It
seems to me, is a question as irapor
; tant as the spread of any particular
party or belief. The currency of tho
United States is a relic of barba ism.
: It is founded on bonds instead of on
1 assets, which can be quickly realized
upon. During times of financial
stress each bank hoards evei\> penny
possible, letting every other institu
tion go to smash rather than itself
; risk financial disaster.
I "I strongly advocate an elastic cur
rency, such as ;that posse-used by
! France, England and Germany, for in
1 those countries when money is needed
if is sent to the places where the con
\ gestlon occurs. When things grow
dull, it is withdrawn and sent to oth
j er places where it is needed. Here,
' the banks holding' the money, con
[ tlnue to hold it, regardless of clrcum
' stances. A country cannot attain a
proper development under tuch con
Dr. Schurman has been connected
: with Cornell University for twenty
five years, and during that time has
: been signally honored several times
:by presidents of the United States, be
' ing head of the first Philippine com
? mission, as well as holding places in
I a number of other influential bodies.
I As an author he Is well-known in the
I English-speaking countries, while as
j professor of menial and moral phil
osophy at Cornell he has gained a
j wonderful reputation.
A member of the Phi Beta Kappa
? fraternity he was educated in London
' and Edinburgh, receiving his degree
las master of arte and doctor of scl
j ence from the University of Edln
1 burgh in 1S7S. In addition to this,
!he studied in Heideiburg, Berlin and
; Gottengen, Germany, and In Italy.
Columbia University conferred tho
degree of doctor of laws upon him
in 1 SSI?, and he is honorary follow of
' tho Univ >rsity College, of London.
Rains Do Much Damage.
Farmers in all sections of Monroe
county. Georgia, are complaining of
heavy lossage in cotton because of
the excessive rains of the past sev
eral day.?. These rains have been
general throughout tho county, and
largo quantities of cotton have been
washed from the bnlla.
Tried to Rescue Prisoner!
Chief of Police Fred McGregor of
Sheffield, A-., .--hot and killed Itos
coe .lohnst , u. : Lewis Hoffman ear
ly Thursday when they attempted to
1 rescue John CciTnian from the officer.
Dynamited and Robbed,
The Hank of Odell, Texas, was en
tered early Thursday. The eafe was
demolished by* an explosion of dyna
mire and about $4,000 in currency
I and silver stolen. Possen are in pur
i suit of the robbers.