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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.
How They* Gather the News of the
War-A Splendid Service for
New York Times.
The gathering of war news-of the
kind the American public wants. com
plete and at the same time confined
to facts-requires a small army of
trained correspondents, up to date
methods and the highest order of or
.ganization, if the system is to be equal
to the test and the result satisfactory.
No one war correspondent. how
ever persistent, efficient or brilliant.
nor any two or three, could undertake
to furnish their paper. no matter at
what expense, with coimplete news of
a struggle such as the one that has
just commenced between Russia and
Japan in the far east. Every source
of news must be closely watched. and
at every strategic point there must be
a man who can observe each move
on the chess board and explain to the
world what it means.
For that reason. as experience in
the past has shown and as has again
been demonstrated at the very open
ing of this campaign in the far east,
the .most efficient work in an emer
gency of :his kind is done by the large
news agency which has both the men
and the machinery at the scene and
only needs to start the wheels going.
The Associated Press, the greatest
news gatherer in the world. at the
outbreak of hostilities between Rus
sia and Japan had not less than nine
trained war correspondents near the
scene o4 the conflict. Of these, the
staff correspondents at Tokio. Manil
la, Peking, and the resident corres
pondents at Seoul. Nagasaki, Che Foo,
Shanghai and Hong Kong were al
ready on the ground and had more or
less familiarity with the diplomatic
negotiations that preceded the strug
gle, and in addition, of course, a more
or less intimate knowledge of the
topographical conditions of what was
to become the theatre of war.
Three war correspondents who had
served through the Spanish war, the
Philippine campaign and the Boxer
uprising were sent to reinforce the
staff of workers as soon as it was
seen that a clash was inevitable and
When the news of the naval skirm
ish off Port Arthur, which cost Rus
sia so dear, was received at the As
sociated Press office in this city, it
did not come in the way of any great
surprise to the men in charge there.
That actual hostilities were under
way had been known there for three
- day, though the information was not
-to be given to the newspapers.
The Tokio correspondent of the
.Associated Press Mr. Eagan. had
been informed by the Japane gov
ernent that, in order to n.ake the
initial movements of the fleet, there
would be a three days' emtbarga on
all press dispatches, beginning at the
moment the order to begin hostilities
was given. This information i-each
ed New York office with little delay,
and when some time later~ the code
word which meant that his dispatches
had been held up was received from
Mr. Eagan, the Associated Press peo
pie knew in an instant that this meant
That war had begun.
The fact of secrecy was held in
violate as a matter of course--or pes
'haps the Russian warships would.
have worked their searchlights with
~a little more diligence on that fateful
*night, but without loss of time a code
word was flashed to every correspon
dent at a point on the Yellowv Sea,
'warning them to be on the alert for
During the three days of rigid cen
:sorship. has been raised to a certain
'that it .'ould not handle any Japanese
dispatches, but worked its Chee Foo
-cable, which is near Port Arthur, but
'nat under the control of either of the
contending powers, for all it was
worth. Since then the Japanese cen
sorship has been reased to a certain
extent and news can now be obtain
ed frem there, but on account of its
freedom from censorship. Chee Foo
will be maintained, as long as the na
val conflict lasts, as the base from
which cable news will be transmitted.
During the Spanish war the dis
patch boat played an important part
in the transmission of war news. The
Associated Press spent more than
$30o,000 during the three months the
war lasted for war news, much of it
to maintain its fleet of five specially
chartered dispatch boats. These fleet
little vessels, besides carrying dis
patches to the various points in the
West Indies where they could be
r.led followe the American war yes
sels. and thus were able to report
their movements with great accuracy.
There will be nothing of that kind
in the Russo-Japanese war, at least
not with official sanction. nor will the
correspondents be allowed to board
either the Russian or Japanese naval
vessels. What may be done is quite
another thing should the war be car
ried so far out to sea as to make the
points of vantage already occupied by
the Associated press men on the scene
useless, which, however, is not regard
ed as likely. The naval fights will
iaturallv be to cover the landing of
troops or to threaten come strategic
point on shore. as was the case at
Cruelty to The Horse.
The l.>rse, the most useful of ali
animals, is the one marked for the
most or men's ill treatment. For the
Imost part housed in ill lighted, ill
ventilated and ill smelling quarters,
worked to its full capacity. cared for
only to the degree that selfish interest
prompts, the animal is delivered over
as the unprotected object of the un
restrained passions of man. The aver
age man fails apparently to under
stand that animals have a nervous sys
tem. among them to a marked degree
the horse, and that were he to gov
ern his own temper he could, with a
little patience, get control of the
horse's nervous system and make out
of it a servant vastly more efficient
than it is under the system in which
he beats and jerks and drives it to
A short wilk in any city will dis
c>ver many blind horses. Why?
There are no blind cows compara
tively. And yet the sight of the one
naturally is as good as that of the
other. The difference is simply that
the horse from the beginning has been
abused. ill housed, over-worked and
worked under conditions that have
driven him blind. His eyes are shut
in by blinders at each side, for which
there is no use but to satisfy the ca
there is no sue but to satisfy the ca
price or fashion of man. - So, his vis
ion interfered with and deprived of
air, the wonder is that with the other
treatment he gets he is not blind of
tener. Besides this, in other cases
his neck is almost pulled out of joint
by over-head checkreins that raise his
face to the air and turn'his eyeballs
to the glare of the sun unprotected.
Or, on the other hand, deprived of
checkrein, he is bitted with a curb
that pulls his jaws to his breast and
tortures him in this fashion. And
then, according to the spreading fash
ion of the day, he is.subjected to the
most cruel of all practices, docking,
which not merely tortures in the prac
tice. but leaves him to the torment of
flies for the rest of -his life. It is the
merciful man that is merciful to his
beast and if it is the merciful that
obtain mercy we have, as a people,
.,ome wvay to come before we get that
blessing -Indianapolis News.
Squibs, By Jibs.
The first frogs of spring will be
hopping around soon and spooners
will spoon by the light of the moon.
She wants to know who sent her
A few more weeks-possibly days
-and the mellow-hearted youth and
youthine will be gladly gazing into
the waters in the valley of Scott's or
some other "crick" watching the live
y little tad poles in their race to see
which will be the first frog to muddy
the pond, He likes to see the girl
watch the tad.
We would like to say something
about the hog: but. for fear of run
ning it into the ground will desist
with pain. Only, the Helena ground
hog was not in the convention on the
If there were rooms enough we
would start up the Helena Headlight,
with a line-of-type. If it could do
nothing else it could flicker.
Speaking of linotype operators.
Helena furnished a good one in the
person of Mr. J. D. Coats. Then be
tween Helena and Newberry another
good one was furnished-Mr. H. K.
Blats. Mr. WV. B. Wertz is an
operator from Newberry. He can
make a machine all but talk.
Superintendent of Schools Werts
is near enough~ Helena to make his
chances for re-election good. Master
Rikard once lived there. That lets
Intendant Frank G. Spearman has
n't put out his license ordinance yet.
The "mayor of Helena" wants the
town to get bigger quick."
Some people prefer to call it the
Japo-Russian war, by the way in
which theJ.p re rushing it.
People's National Bank
PROSPERITY, S. C.
CAPITAL STOCK $25,000.
Burglar proof safe and insurance
fire proof vault. We do a general
banking taiiness. We solicit your
business. Prompt and polite at
Interest allowed in savings de
M. A. CARLISLE, President.
H. C. MOSELEY, Vice-Pres.
W. W. WHEELER, Cashier.
W. P. Pugh, W. A. Moseley,
Jacob B. Fellers, R. L. Luther,
Geo. W. Bowers, John B. Fellers,
J. P. Bowers, George Johnstone,
M. A. Carlisle, H. C. Moseley, Jos.
Mr. John H. Cullom, Editor of the
Garland, Texas, News, has written a
letter of congratulations to the manu
facturers of Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy as follows: "Sixteen years ago
when our first child was a baby he was
subject to croupy spells and we would
be very uneasy about tim. We began
using Chamberlain's Cough Remedy in
1887, and finding it such a reliable rem
edy for colds and croup, we have never
been without it in the house since that
time. We have five children and have
given it to all of them with goodresults.
One good feature of this remedy is that
it is not disagreeable to take and our
babies really like it. Another is that
it is not dangerous, and there is no risk
from giving an overdose. I congratu
late you upon the success of your rem
edy." For sale by Smith- Drug Co.,
Newberry, Prosperity Drug Co., Pros
Now ready for delivery, ten million
Cabbage Plants of the following vari
Henderson, Succession, Flat. Dutch,
Selected Extra Early Jersey Wakefield,
and Charleston la e Wakefield.
Also, Alexander ed mpany's Au
gusta Early Trucker.
Price-$1.50 per thousand.
5,000 to 10,000 at $1.25 per thousand.
10,000 to 50,000 at $1.00 per thousand.
Terms Cash with Order or plants sent
C 0. D.
These plants are grown in the open
air on the Sea Coast of South Carolina.
They are stocky and hardy, and when
replanted will stand severe cold with
out injury. Have a special low rate with
the Southern Express Company and
plants can be delivered at any point on
their line at a rate of 20 to 40 cents per
thousand; minimum charge on single
package, 35 cents.
I am distributing agent for GLENN
SPINGS MINERl WATER. Prices
and circulars sent on application.
in. C. GjERATY,
Young's Island, S. C.
Telegraph and P. O.
Real Estate for Sale.
I HAVE IN HANDS THE FOLLOW
ing described property for sale .on
terms that will enable persons desiring
homes to secure same:
Seven tracts in No. 2 Township, con
taining respectively 147.33, 211.13,
198.50, 192.75, 142.29, 217 and 186 acres.
These are choice lots, highly productive,
well wooded and watered, with plenty
of the best pasture land on each place.
There are two good dwelling houses
and several tenant houses, barns, cribs
and stables on two of them, good well
or spring water in plenty. Also one
hadsme residence in the town of
Newberry, admirably constructed with
moden improvements, desirably located
on one of our main thoroughfares, and
in one of the most desirable sections of
In connection with this place there
are several handsome building lots
which we will dispose of at an early
For prices and terms appl to
F. W. HIGINS,
Newberry, S. C.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
By Jno. C. Wilson, Esq., Probate Judge.
WHEREAS, Jas. D. Kinard hath
made suit to me, to grant him
Letters of Administration of the estate
of and effects of Mary A. Kinard.
These are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred and
creditors of the said Mary A. Kinard,
deceased, that they be and appear be
fore me, in the Court of Probate, to be
held at Newberry on Friday,March 4th
next, after publication thereof, at 11
o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause,
if any they have, why the said Ad
ministration should not be granted.
Given under my hand, this
16th day of February, Anno
[L. s.j Domini, 1904.
OHN C. WILSON, J. P. N. C.
Wonder Oil, the onl3
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John C. Swygert, Jr., Peak,
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I. H. Cormpton, Garys,
I. M. Smith & Bros., Kinards, "
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