Newspaper Page Text
ii EIGLISRI 01- II1GRITION
His Views on the Method That Must
Be Employed to Briaz Immi
grantA to South Carolina.
To the Editor of The State:
- I have been much interested in read
ing reports in the newspapers express
ing public opinion -on the question of
introducing into the State of South
Carolina a class of European immi
grahts-farmers, who in some respects
are. less ambitious . than American
farmers-a class of people who will be
content with small farms. say :I0, 30
or 50 acres of ground. I am told that
the south has enough even now of
common laborers, and that the need
is simply those who will enter the
State and buy up the large tracts of
lands and convert them into small
The peasantry of France have small
farms which they till with artistic
skill and reap excellent harvests for
their industry. They are a thrifty
people, save .their money and at times,
of greet financial depression have sav
ed the government from impending
bankruptcy. These French peasants
live in rural villages and go daily to
their little farms, which may be dis
tant from one to three miles from the
domestic roof. - Under prevailing cir
cumstances- it would. hardly be prac
ticable to introduce such a system in
this country. It would be .better to
follo.w. out the American method, a
farm for each 'farmer of say 50 to 100
acres with the.dwelling In which the
family it to abide on the farm.
But 'how will. the better class of
Enropean Immigrants be attracted to
the south? It must not be forgotten
that the farmers and immigrants from
Enrope have :been attracted in vast
numbers to the-great .northwest, where
millions of acres are yet unoccupied;
that western-CanaCa.Js..attracting set
- tiers by. furnishing free farms and
homes for all who will. come. By rail
road compnies-andlocal communities
Ithousands of ,dollars are being ex
pended. to get Jthese settlers on those
landaf Now, :the su,th has no free
hmesteads, but ,egW one who.enters
the Statetand secuperO farm must pay
for it. The westevpC -,people. - reckon
every- healthy. IabNoring. 2uan who
makes a perwizegtpore in a com
munity to be- worly:to the place a
sum not less, than *$000. That is if
100 able-bodied. industrious and enter
- MQ pi in en shouAd '.ttle, In farming
community, they .AA to the perman
eut wealth of.:th&locality 3200 I
should say -such- an estimate is very
edaservatietor there.may be arhong
t1es hafa doih. men .who alone
- woud oreAha ticea that sum
to wealth-df that com
S hEting a -thousand
-_- annot afford to
tom the purpose of.
for his lands. A
a~ d in~ conjunction
d hz*M .may adver
o 'ommercial vnd
ne"aipe's, ' folders, tc.. and
mestinte theil throfgb .the mail, all
- er the land.-They wI do some good
dL in. -time willbring 'some people.
at- tht snot 'ilich - is needed.
Ire.nember once spending a4week on a
ton.-pantation a short distance out.
i aszoo City. ..:iss, The plante,C
was~ a native '.anbean. He ba&. a
t~iSf3place$ of lhay thousands of
* eres.ind one of-the finest In the -State.
One isorninr hig good 'lady said .they
fteisnd to 'a .gait#en for' vegetables
~foK'thektable. - Fsagl to my friendi
- .Why-is this? ,Why do you not on
yonder -rising ground -plant- your ci-ch
aid and8 cultivate your :garden -vege-.
tsle have your meadowd~'for hay
.ania your own coin fields? . By pro
4ticing these necessary - supples at
home'-yau will..:save money.." He re
piled.' '-"' ouly..make cotton. 1f - you'
want to kindle a fire with the sun's.
rays,--use the. sun.glass -to concentrate
ailthie rays:of~t sunat one spot and.
'VwouMtypply. this process of ana
logical r'easonings to -secure people to
- become -permanent residents of -the
- State of South Carolina. I think it
would be unwise to waste. money in
initiating a plan of work and then
eu,ffer It to languish for want of sup
port. -An agricultural commissioner
with a secretary to begin the business,
is only a first step. The department
must be amply supported.. This work
Is not only to get -immigrants, but
they must get them. They must go,
where these people are to be found
and must select just such families as
will be most suitable. You dont want
all that come out of a ship. You want
them selected. Of course your com
missioner will have his principal office
In the capitaleof the State, but he
must have an office in the city of
New York. No. matter what the cost
may be, even $100,000 in this work will
be a profttable investment. When you;
get 5.000 or 10.)00 of these people into
your State and they- are content, they
will advertise the advantages of the
State all over Eurode without cost.
But the expense at the start must be
borne by the State. The newspapers!
of the State, publishing gratuitously
communications like .this and others
descriptive of the country, are doing
their -part most liberally. Every o-i
cality and ev-ery individual should do
As the Alabamian said. "focus the
. sun's rays." Owners of large tracts.I
of land, some improv-ed and some not1
Improved, want to sell so as to be<
getting an Income. They are getting<
nothing now. They better sell these1
lands to the immigrants, if they be of<
the right kind, even with a very small
. payment down and in small yearly
payments and at a low rate of interest.
It- will take pretty much all the ready
star wih ipAemnu~..~d stocketor
his little farm and to buy needfulJ
supplies until he can grow and market <
-a crop. Hence he will need the advice.
sympathy, and often, forbearance of
those with whom he deals. With a fair
chance he will be able in a few years
to pay for all. But the intelligence.(
the kindness, and generosity of south
ern communities need no suggestion
in this regard. The State of South t
Carolina is broad enough in area and
ample enough in res-ources, yet unde
veloped. to afford homes of wealth andl I
abundance for 5.000.000 to 7.0.0000 of t
an industrious and enterprising people. K
Wi~ll this generation, the prese-nt pop-:e
ulation of the State. seize' the oppor
tunities afforded of in'-rensing the'ir
indivildual wealth and adding r.'-venue
to their nrative -ommnonwealth': South
(.arolina is worthy of the gr.-a:t-st
efforts of her people. I r-eadl in an -I
encyclopeia spread out before' in- that :1
"the soil is highly roductivte, yi--ldingr
such staples as ,-ottont, inidig ', ic.-'e
tobacco. sugar, tea. the c-er-ais. h'-mp. 1
nax, hops, and many varietries of
frunits and vegetabl-s: and e
joys a (-limati'- temnperaturre ;ors
ponding with that of I11:.17 andl the f
south of France. Tnme rminral 1-- 1
sources of this state are c-onsidlerabl'-.
-omoprising gold, irion, lead,.'- copper,- I
-manganese, coal, bismuth, plunmbsag'i.
The State's Readers.
"layp. ez.. The hi-art of man ean
ask for nithiog nore.
Thri. reenll the famous men whom
the State has produed. Their very
names are an inspiration and awaken
the noblest aspirations of manhood.
In the roster of South Carolina's Amitn
tnt sons in a past generation, I note
high in the list of immortal ones Hon.
John Caldwell Calhoun. an incompar
able stafesman, scholar and philoso
pher: Henry Laurens. honored above
most men. an aecomplish-od diplomatist
and the -friend of Washington: then
there was Grn. Andrew Jackson. the
seventh president of the United States;
another honored name, an advocate
and jurist of great renown. likewise
statesman. schol-r. fliploiatist. Hughl
Swintn Legare: the lion. Franeis W.
Pickens and the Hon. William Aiken,l
of the early governors of the State.,,
I mention with the highest regard the 1
names of Gov. Robert Young Hayne,
the most accomplished orator theli
State ever produced, a match in for
ensic debate of the great Massachu
setts Demosthenes, Daniel Webster.
And may I mention the names o
Generals Wade Hampton, the older a'
the younger, both effulgent stars i
the diadem of the commonwealtl
These are but a few names to conju
by. Such a galaxy of honored on
casts a halo of glory not only ov
their native State ard their own t1m
but they belong to all time and to.th
universal brotherhood of man. Strug
gling men in this generation may 1oo
to those great ones and gather strengt
in their efforts to accorrplish worth
undertakings-imitating such nobl
Frederick A. Salaman.
Rooms I305-6, Vincent Building, Ne
THE RUSSIAN IN HISTORY.
Why Anertean sympathy Should Lie
With Japan In Present Conlet
To the Editor of The State:
It is difficult to understand how any
one who is at all acquainted with Eu
ropean history, espeoally the part of it
that relates -to: Russia, can sympathize
with that country in its struggle with
Japan; for viewed -from any stand
point, except that of brute force, Japan
is by far the imore highly eivilizd na
ktion of the two. . From its very first
contact with civilization Japan has
made -a progress that is almost mar
velous, while Russia has temainedji
practically barbarots despite the fact
that she has been in intimate associa- 1
tion with. the civilzing Influences of the
other countries of Europe.
The truth of the matter is that Rus
sia has a pretty',blck record behind
her, a record btyinny. oppression
and duplicity, t4-alrist surpasses bb
lief. It is easi- within the 'memory of
people now living when It was a not!
uncommon occurrence for ladies of the
Polish nobility to. be' sripped to the. t
waist and whipp in public by offi
cials of the Russian government. When
Sweden was practically forced to cedet
Finland t'o Ri ia,. the- latter -country
pledg4d itself'- tht,it-would not inter
fere with. the. language or local gov-'
ernnlent: of the. people".: This promise ,
hasr been mosi shamefully violated, and.
the virtuous, enllght6ie-d and patriotic,
Finns have been subjected to almost
every indignity that-Russlan- ingenuity
could devise.' .tW the -dakest blot on
Russia's record ;is - found in Siberia. t
Countless thoussn< of its own citi- -s
zens and from its provi'nces like Poland a
and'Finland have been consigned. tot
no offense whatever, -at least nothing
that would be considereM such in a civ- '
iHzed- country, to a living death in the _
mineg;of Siberia. without the slightest a
hope.of relie -except by sleath, held as]9
they'a're by the iron hand of a despot
ism that would~ have -hardly 'been e- C
cusable-in the 'drks.ages. - ,..9
Th'ere. Is omethind~ almost farcical'i
the attitude' that Russia assumes .at ~
the' champIon of civilization and Chri'
tlpnity.. for she stands in sore need of
eftilization herself and, in actat. least,
is a stranger to the'precepts of Chris
tlanity. What 'tas-the conduct of the'~
Russian troops during the'recent trou
ble in China? Looting' by wholesale
and the murder of thousands of help
less an,d inoffensive Chinese, drivii
them into a deep riv'er just as if they ~
were wild beasts. While the Russians c
were acting like savages, the Japanese
troops maintained their splendid dis
cipline, and returned to . their own
country with clean hands and with-'
out a single blot 'upon their record. But.~
putting all other qifestions aside, Rus- ~a
sia is the aggressor- and this being the d
case deserves to lose. Japan clearly ~
sees that the time has come when she ~
must make a supreme effort for na
tional existence and she can be counted -b
on to struggle to the bitter end. Rus- ti
sia has no need of additional territory
while Japan, with its dense population .
stands in sore need of an extension of1
its land area.
It is very easy to make comparisons.
but the presenr struggle is being waged -
under -2onditions that have never here- x
tofore existed. In the South African
war England had to transport troops~
and munitions. of war 6,000 miles, butI
there was not a hostile vessel to inter
fere with her transports. It will be im
possible for Russia to send a single c
man or gun by water and her sole de- s
pendence is on one single line of rail- b
road, and this is a very long one. Ex~
perience has demonstrated that a sin- h
gle line, even for a comparatively short
:listance. is not adequate for the trans
portation of large bodies of troops. d
3ermany has probably about eight sep-r
irate lines leading to the Rhine and
ibout the same number in the direc-'
tion of the frontier, facing Russia. In
~ase of hostilities breaking out between a
F'rance and Germany they would eachc
save a million men on the frontier in A
ess time than it Would take Russia to
put one-tenth that number in Man-I
~huria. Unless something entirely Un
~xpected happens Russia will be con-n
ronted with very much the same conl-J
litions that prevailed during the Cri
nean war. She had p)lenty of troops and
esources but could not, owing to the E
aek of transportation facilities, get d
hem to the fr-ont quitck enough. This q
>eing the case, baffled but not crushed,i0
eh had to ac-cept the terms offered by IC
P'rance--.ii.& ljand. Japan cannot,5
f course. exhausT tie - - A
?ussia but stands agodhac
'xhausting all the resources that Rus-|
;ia can make available. -a
To call this war a struggle between n
Thristianity and heathenism is the la
*eriest nonsense. Russia today is more 5
barrier to the propagation of Chris- I
ianity zhan is Japan, for a nation, justi
ts it with an individual, that professes|
o be ('hristian and who, at the samel
itme does thi- greatest violence to the
eatchings oif the Master. is a greater ci
-nmyh thrist ianity thatn ani avowed ~
lisbeheitvi-r. If it could tie acc&onmplished
tussi.&lin-empire wo iuld lbe ai tremendous
tain fr ithe .-ause- of civ'ilizationi. for
lhtn t he I tussiati I t-iople, stt'epe in
iese rianranc and gri'und beneath
lhe hee-l utf ali ilotll dssiotism. wvolld
ir ailhi thei air oif frte.-domn andt hapi- IN
tn.ss andi bei give-n thie oppoitrttuity to h
n-rizi-g friom ai poiiott t hat t - but lit- if
l.' supetri.--: to that .f the b---asts ofi I
The- pe opl-- if the soth at least ought S
0 hold in .-verist ing reintmbirancte the,
ar-t that wthili- they~, werei- engaged ino
hi-it- gr-at st rmigli- for independenceeh
tussia usedi her inluence-tF'. to theo
St t,-rmi'st t o pr--vell t t he -e'og
iliioun, by theii theri coiuntr-ies of Eu-s
Was- but keeping with her naisonal
Pol1CY. Oppre-,si.-n anj,l against Ilb
trty. piopi, howvever. w ho hriv-e
Lhe gre st cause,t to exeerale the very
naMLe Ruls!zia are the Jews,. that is
if they re anything for the honor of
the wO4w of their rae.
J* iW. P. Woods.
Darl n. F-b. :.
LOCA L ION VS.. THIR DISPENN ARY
Comne aftflons Concerning the EvIl
.Its of Latter System.
To th itor of The Statt-:
Alluu to submit a few pfrtinr-nt
Iuestico Your readers an-1 the re
tiring .fral assembly:
1. ll right and does it show a
iemOr citizenship, not to say a
;pirit justi'e on the part of our
lawma , not to allow a free (?) peo
ple to \te the whiskey evil from their
rnidst, 'Ion in fact in many instanees
the peoE did not vote or petition itsz
2. Is not an apparent fact that the
whiske*lement-rhig if you choospis
etting firmer and deeper hold on nur
,tatei' itutions and using it for po
itical fus to the extent that ere long
t will 6minate church, socipty. busi
ess,. rrals, politis and every insti
aution the land and throw around
hem t mantle of corruption that is
,ure toower us in the scale of state
iood ? ;
the ministers of God's holy
g their duty by their passive
iccepting prevailing conditions
f inveighing against them on
any man, be he friend or foe
ystem, in truth la-, his hand
heart and in presence of his
he does not know that the
ry as it is managed is a de
g agent to every legitimate
or institution in the State; de
s manhood, making drunkards
uth. yea, of its children even?
is, does it not bring woe and
suffering and'hardships untold
lpless and innocent class-the
t for political and sinister gain
wise men-masters, not ser
an shut their eyes to glaring
d refuse to trust th6se whose
placed them in their exalted
and force them to be un
particeps criminis to the
the revenue derived offset
it generates? Has it mate
contributed to the State's
, or reduced taxation? Is it not
the potent factors calling foi
dicial circuits to relieve the
dockets of those in exist
Is it right to apply any por
the- revenue (blood money) -to
cation of our children? Has it
ted a stronger ring than that
at (?) Tillman claims to havei
V wn a decade of more ago? ~
1 t a little strange that, in the
g after events, the palmetto tree
red from the wiskey flask?
OM rge, Feb. 17, 1904.
Betting on Coek Fights.
.a Editor of The State:
eral sections of oui fair com
11 alth the practice of cock fight
ag -indulged in and ordinarily the
sual'accompaniment. of -betting pre
aftli such occasions.
.\ lover of my. fellownen aird
always -their highest welfare, L
cM d it might prove .helpfiTlf!(he
assembly e1acet a j, a
i4g'he custom, find accor
rotemne of the representativesabout
G-lE replied tha..a bill wasintro
need ast session wrhieh ' ~ *id .-have
ivea intire relief from I i ut
portsjin the senate killed- i o'-th6ugh
assed to its third readingt adds
bat tie senate- has at tfie -
Ich. ben polled touching
nd t1at it cannot be passe. -
'Distpointed in securin fielp fiw-.
baarter, I W'shed to ure adviWe:
t sone wise, go,d man as -to the best
,ay qk getting the matter on the con
reind of individuals who. indulge .,in
$6 bariefut pastime. A letter from 33r.
am H. Carlisle of Wofford c ilrege
t~sinfor.mation I bsg to' thare-,
iihor readers. He says: ' - -..~
great subject of crueltv ' an
~3is. now attradling more attention
b'fr.It is verv Importa,nt.
-izsofne starting point. To take
~lautful, spirited bIrd, and make
bkill or be -kiljed, to excite and
at some coarse, hardened men, -anid
~-ide where sonme piles of isponey
-go-this is sad! But tender ap
are not felt where there is no
sess;~still.,these appeals, wisely
m iay in the end make sopie im
on. A lift up religiously,; .of
n,- will generally settle many .of
ie. ~questions that cannlot be met .on
.I plane." -
S-;Mr. Editor, let me ask the
i'afd of your own skilled' pen - in
raging the introduction and pass
geZ f a bill affording relief in some
But ther enactment of a law
>ding the sport is only Dart of our
tit$ -we must .have an increasingly
tro.g sentiment current, such as will
e ossible alone by intelligent agita
'oi of the subject.
Yours very truly,
I'dmont, S. C.'
4H- CHARLESTON BUDGET.
eSuits Aguant the Consolidated
petal to The State. -
Chirleston, Feb. 20.-A nutaber of
a,ae suits were filed today in the
aug- of common pleas against the
onlidated Railway comnany. Thos.
miti wants $5,000 damages for having
eer ejected from a car and forced to
'at two miles to the detriment of his
fath. The same sum is wanted by
[eah Detective Nipson, whose buggy
'as:.un into- by a car. Frank Norh
ni suing for $5,000 because he was
mntto while riding his bicycle and
rer -'Conductor Reeves Ford, who
a(buurt in a collision between two
traj asks for $5,000 actual damages
d$55.000 .punitiv'e damages. Isaac
outhley has entered suit against the
meican Pipe company for $1,975 for
ju*'&s su.stained in digging a trench.
he; roaching term of the court of
>mmn pleas will be noted for the
ambd of like suits which have been
Tf laying clT of a number of field
.en.tt the navy yard has caused some'
h pointmeent and no little dis
ni ide, but it is said that the laying
i b these men furnishes the only
'u 4ation for the rumors of a general
Ltsision of work. No statement could
"ten f'romi the 1oes1 otticials of
an regarn to te rumort at
ry of the navy had ordered
nded balance to be turned
asury. It wvas said at the
hat the men were only
e they were much ahead
nid the rules of the de
against keeping men
-o are not actually a
here state that the
tch boat Slayilower
.1 d in this event Ad
taff will not visit
way to join the
r the manoeuv'res
nbled early this
-of 39 degrees, a
'e winid was
of 36; miles
I. to be
[HE ILL COUNTRY
OF SOUTH CAROLIKI
vents of Greatest Interest in the
Busy Piedmont Section.
'EDERTION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS
he State Iheeiitive CoI1mmttee Ieetm
In Newberry-Delegatex to the Nn
tional Gathering In St. Louim.
:pecial to The State.
Newberry. Feb. 21.-The State execu
ive commit te of the Fed1-ration of
Vomn'n's Clubs of South Carolina mot
re Thursday night at the residence
f Mrs. R. D. Wright for the purpose
f arranging a programme for the
tate federation, which will convene
ere on Tuesday, J'ne 14th. The
eetings will be held in the auditorium
f the new building of Newberry col
ge. On Tuesday night the meeting
vill be opened with an Informal re
eption. Wednesday night will be
Iven over to the art, music and civic
ommittees. Thursday night the crown
ng event ct the session will be a very
arge and elegant reception.
The following delegates were ap
ointed to represent South Carolina in
he National Federation of Women's
lubs. which wil! convene in St. Louis,
fo.. in May: Mrs. Julius Visanska of
,harleston; Miss Blanche Jones of Co
umbia: Mrs. M. F. Ansell of Green
Ille; Mrs. Joseph Roddey of Rock
lill and Mrs. L. T. Nichols of Chester.
Irs. James Orr Patterson of Gr.*nville.
resident of the State fedr! w.n. is a
kelegate by virtue of her I1
The alternates - are: 3mio nlelen
ower. Newberry: Mrs. L. .. Oole
tan, Charleston; Mrs. N . Aorison,
olumbia; Mrs. Ira B. Jones. Lancas
er; Mrs. J. R. Vandiver, Anderson:
rs. S. L. McLaughlin, Spartanburg.
our new clubs were federated. They
rere the Fortnightly club of Newberry,
totary Book club of Greenville, the
)ld Homestead of Darlington, the
lumnae association of Mrs. Smith's
After the business of the, committee
ad been disposed of Mrs. R. D. Wright
ave a delightful reception In honor of
At a joint meeting of the federated
lubs of the town. Mrs. S. B. Jones.
resident of Woman's club: Miss Ber
dce Martin. chairman of Bachelor
daids; Mrs. L. W.gFloyd, president
f Fortnightly club, were made a gen
ral committee to arrange for the en
ertainment of the State federation.
esdames T. C. Pool, W. 11. Hunt,
). B. Mayer, C. D. Weeks, A. T. Brown,
disses Fannie McCaughrin, Lalla Mar
in. Cora Dominick, Nina Carlisle,
elen Mower, were appointed chair
nen of the sub-committees. Their
ommittees will be appointed nearer
he time for the meeting.
ITESTITE Y. XT. 1. G-1TERING
here Are Two Hundred Delegates in
Attendance at Spartanburg-Bad
1pecial to The State.
Spartanburg, Feb. 21.-There are 200
lelegates attending the interstate Y.
. C. A. North and South Carolina are
v,ell represented by an earnest, active
>ody of workers, young men who are
lirecting their, efforts to the advance
nent 'bi moral and religious thought
Today's weather has been the very
orst of a season of unchangeable 'mid
~inter time. The sleet fell first, and
he ground was frozen over -in a slip
ery condition: an icy rain succeeded.
)espite- this inclemency. larger congre
ations were at the several leading
rotestanlt church this mornin~g to hear
rstructve and helpful addresses from
he prominent workers of the Y. M.
.A. in atendance on the meetings.
A mass-meeting for men was held
his afternoon at the opera house. C.
.Michener was the speaker of the
casion. He is from New York and
leader in Y. M. C. A. work. He
nade a strong address, emphasizing
be adherence to Christianity along all
ines of business, and asserted that
he man with the right kind of charac
er has a decided advantage over oth
rs. Gambling, drinking and impur
ty were touched upon and in an earn
st, effective manner Mr. Michener dis
oursed for an hour or more'to one of
e largest male audiences ever as
empled in the opera house. As a re:
ut fully 300 Christians expressed their
itention of leading better lives, and
50 "sinners'' signified that they wished
be prayers of the Christian people. In
tbrif meeting, held after the address,
tleast 35 of the latter professed con
Dr. Van Dyke, the lecturer, addressed
be convention at Converse college this
vening. P. H. F.
'H RER EASTERN TROUBL
lulgaria Trying to Keep Out of a Fight,
According to Their .'n
ParIs. Feb. 21.-M. 7 .. . z, the
ulgarian agent in Pai.Jma. the
allowing statement toda..
"I can give the formal assurance
hat Bulgaria has more than ever re
olved to do nothing to compromise
be peace. It is with great satisfac
ion that we have seen the powers elab
rate a plan for reforms in Macedonia
nd we wish, without reservation, the
forms realized. Above all, with this
oment when the powers are follow
g with anxiety the events in the far
ast, Bulgaria will avoid doing any
ring that would cause the belief that
he proposes to profit by the crisis. The
lulgarian people have unanimously
"It Is unfortunate that Turkey i
ist in her regrettable~liostility. Be
ides the sannoyinlg police measures she
s taken against our people our comn
3erce suffers serious obstacles; and
nally, the continued concentration of
'urkish troops along our frontier anid
he mobilization of troops at strategic
oonts is menacing us."~
M. Zolollovitz. said there is a war
aarty in Constantinople which has a
ireponderating intluence and quoted
romr consular reports to the effect thatj
he Turks fear a military uprising i f
ar with Bulgaria is not declared.
"In the light of these facts," M.
~olollovitch concluded. "it is natural
hat Bulgaria, too, should be prepar
L.ae Senator Hill' Widow Dead.
Washington. Feb. :l.-Mrs. Hill. the
vidow of the late Senator Ben H. Hill
f Georgia, who has been ill here for
ome time, died here today at the res
ence -of her daughter, Mrs. H. H.
hompson. in the 79th year of her age.
At her bedside w~hen the end came also
,vere her daughter and two sons. Ben
F!. Hill and C. I). Hill. Accompanied
> them the remains wvere taken to At
nta. where the funeral services will
ye heldl "n Wednlesday at 11:30 a. nm..
, ui. -ar Methodist Episcopal
DAILY PEN SKETCHES '
OF CAROLINA LIFE.
What People of the Middle and Ji
Pee Dee Country Are Doing.
TWO FIRES OCCUR AT DEAIRK
The Railroad Signal Station Burned.
Other Newk from the Town
Where Railroadn Crat-.
Special to The State.
Denmark. Feb. 20.-The telegraph of
fiep at the junction of the Atlantic
Coast Line and Southern rallroads, in
this place, was destroyed by fire this
morning at 7:30 o'clock. The strueturot
was a two-story wooden building. gen
erally known as the tower. All trains
over the two roads were signalled from
this office and could pass only when
the tracks were thrown open by the
operator in the tower.
The fire started in the ceiling and
owing to the fact that there is no
water near, could not be extinguished.
The trains were delayed only for a
few minutes, and will stop at that
point as they do at other junctions.
Another fire alarm was given yester
day at about noon. In some way a
curtained closet in the residence of r
Mr. Fuller caught on fire. The room t
was closed at the time and became c
filled with smoke, causing every one
to think that the house would neces
sarily burn. However, the fire was I
soon put out, there being considerable
loss from removal of furniture and ]
damage to the house by*water.
AT BEECH ISLAND.
A Delightful Entertainment for the
Benefit of the School.
Special to The State.
Beech Island. Feb. 21.-On last Satu'r- 1
day night all the good people of Beech I
Island were assembled at the Downer I
hall to obtain some of the pleasures v
of a delightful Valentine party, given I
by Mics Helen Brice, for the benefit of (
the Downer library. By the little sock
arrangement and the serving of re
fr4shments the neat, sum of $25 was
raised. With this and our pro rata 1
share from the State the management V
hopes to make some valuable addition 1
to the already well equippeq library.
There has been some discussion about
establishing an . agricultural experi- I
ment station in each county. If this r
is done we see no . reason. why the :
'Downer -institute. should not be the c
central station for Aiken county. We e
are well equipped here, the school owns i
enough land to start an excellent ex
.perimental station. . We are interested 4
in this and trust that our board of ]
trustees will pull. for it. .
O. last Monday night Mrs. Jamesil
.Hammond gave a ,elightful pit party I
in honor of her ?sler, Miss Nita Black '
of Atlanta. Among those in attend- 1
ane vere: Misses. Helen Brice, Geor
p a Galphin, Helen Davies. Harriet
D=les. Mr. and Mrs. Warren Fair. I
and. Mrs. Seth DuPuis, Messrs. R.
nd W. B. Duibar. Henry Lake.
,. E. Brockman -and Dr. P. H. Eve.
Mrs. Ed. Atkinson' gave a delightful
oyster supper last Tuesday night in
hdnor of her cousin, Miss Belle Bailey
.' %iIss Helen Brice. has gone to her
home in Blackstockfoi a short visit.
DE.IMS IN t:PGEFIELD.
-Popular Young lA.ra1elan's Wife-A
Child Choke,d to Death.
Special to The State.
*Edgefield. Feb. 21.--News has just
been ~received here .of. the death at
McCormick of Mrs. Fuller, the youthful
.wife of Dr. R. M. :Fuller, a lady well
known .and..much -beloved, a daughter
f:Mr'. Edgay, :.. Reynolds: of Long
mire's and a sister of Mrs. A.. E. Pad
gett.of this town.
.Dr.- Fuller-- is alsq. a young man of
Longmnire's, but moved to McCormick
six or eight .months ago as a wideri
field for his pirofession. The untimely
death of this piopUlar young woman
will :bring deep sorrow to a very wide
circle of relatives . and friends.
She will be bu.ried at old Bethany
church, near Longmaire's, tomorrow.
Another sad death in our section and
very sudden was that of a little 2-year
old son of Mr. and Mrs. Tandy Cul
breath of Rehoboth. This child was
by some terrible mishap choked to
death. 4. L. WC.
Pleasant Mill Notes.E
Special to The State.
Pleasant Hill, Feb. 20.-Mr. Tom
Peach, a resident of the Russell place. I
died yesterday of pneumonia after a
On the 18th the Rev. S. N. Watson
per'formned the ceremony uniting Mr.
Lewis Cole and Miss Alice Beckham.
daughter of Mr. -and- Mrs. Ge. W.
Mr. Edmund Tiller and wife of Til
ier's Ferry are visiting Mrs. 'X'iller's
brother at this place.
Mr. W. A. Beckham and wife of
Kershaw are here on a visit to Mr. E
Beckham's br.other, Mr. M. L. Beck
ham, of this place. '
Owing to the very cold and rough
weather very little farm work has
been done as yet. It is germ 'ally talked a
that there will be no in tse in the
cotton acreage. As a matter of fact
the farmers cannot 'afford to do it, for
the presumption is that labor is going
to be scarce.
Special to The State. . t
Hopkins. Feb. 20.-After several 5
days of excessive cold the weather is t
more favorable and farm work is pro- t
gressing. Oats are small; owing to c
the bad weather.
County Superintendent of Education r
E. B. Wallace was in town Thursday r
on a tour of inspection of the country i,
Invitations have been issued by the t
primary department 'of the Hopkins 5
grade'd school to Washington birthday I
shape ot a small hatchet decorated Ia
with cherriers. .. This department..is..un
decr the very efficient management of S
Mirs. Whitlock. There have been sev- j
tral additions to the school, which is l
in a flourishing e<ndition.r
Mr's. Brandenbu th is much improv- I
ed, after her recent severe illness.
Special to The State.
Pinewood, Feb. 2.-The public roads I
in this vicinity are being repaired by I
the c'ounty chaingang, iwhich is well I
equipped with pro.per implements for 1
the work. Thei' adv~ent has been
hailed with delight. as places on the
different roads leading. into town werej
almost impassable. and could .never1
have been effectiv'ely worked by the
-MSr. Rl. H. Johnson, a farmer living,
near' here. was mnarried on Thursday
evening to Miss Norvelle Stukes, of
Paxv'ille. The Rev. Mr. Huggins offi
The continued severe winter has re
tarded farming operations and for the
same cause the small graim crop is
The weather bureau in its forecast
issued Saturday had this ominous prse
Idiction for yesterday: "Rain!" And
the prediction wns.verified f'rom .
m. until G p. nm. without a break.
St. Angela's Reademy
Special to The .:tatc.
Aikeii. Feb. :".-Thin annual inter
tainment df St. Angela's academy came
off on Friday afternoon and evening
before a large and appreciative audi
That the numbers were varied, high
elassed and superbly rendered is as
sented to by all who were present. Es-.i
pecially it this praise well founded and
flattering in view of the fact that in
the brief life of the academy there
have been no pupils as yet beyond the
hird term in music, declamation and
voice culture; indeed, the great ma
jority are lirst and second term pu
pils. Thes olos and choruses were ex
cellent, as the most fastidious could
expect under the circumstances.
The boys and girlselasses made their
first bow to the public in pleasing
chorus. Before many years they will
figure successfully in person as they
did last Friday evening "in gobs."
For brevity sake, the special points
of excellency of individual pupils, or
numbers. vannot be emphasized in de
tail. It is but fair to point out in pass
ing. however, the elecutionary profici
eney displayed In teh scene from
Schiller's ".\lary Stuart;" the beauty of
the arias and recitations in Longfel
low's "Wick of the Hesperus;" the
control of voice and breath in the "An
gel's Serenade," "Grass and Roses,"
and the selected Terzette; then the I
general excellence of the instrumental
St. Angela's is rapidly becoming a
stronghold of intellectual power among
the youths of this ection. Judging
from the splendid exhibition of last
Friday it is safe to assume that, as the
work progresses, the patrons and,
friends of the school will be welcomed
again to still a better programme and
a more excellent rendittion.
A Fatal Wreek.
Kankake. Ill., Feb. 21.-James Mar
tin of Kankake. Ill.. was killed, and five
other passengers were injured in a
wreck of a Knights of Columbus spe
cial train today on the Kankake and
Seneca railway near Wauponset, due to
a spreading of a frog. One passenger
coach containing 25 people turned com
pletely. Martin was hurled through a
window. The special was en route to
Morris. where the Knights of Colum
bus were to participate in an installa
A Government Victory.
San Domingo. Feb. 21.-Yesterday a
French merchant- steamer entered the
river, convoyed by a launch from the
United States cruiser Columbia. The
rebels abtsained from firing on the
This morning the government troops
attacked the rebels outside the city
and severe firing ensued, lasting many
hours. The rebels were rfoced to re
tire. leaving many killed and wounded
on the field. The action resulted in
a 'complete victory for the government
and the siege of the city is considered
to have been raised.
Now York. Feb. 21.-Following the
death late tonight of Mrs. Florence
Myers, 46 years old, from morphine
poisoning at a boarding house il West
Forty-sixth street, the womin's hus
band and a colored nurse were arrested.
They are said to have administered,
morphine tablets to Mrs. Myers. This
they admit, according to the police, but
allege that the woman was - addicted
to the use of morphine. The husband is
Col. Frederick Myers, a veteran of the
Civil war 71 years old, this being his
birthday. The dead woman is said to
have been Col. Myers' fifth wife.
"PISGAH FOREST" RESERVE.
A Vaxt Primlal Wild Now an Adjunct
to Biltmore Estate.
Raleigh, Feb. 6.-No greater interest
has ever been felt in any hunting- pre
serve in the south than In the -magnifi
cent one of George W. Vanderbilt,
which is know as "Pisgah Forest," and
which embraces a large section of the
county of Transylvania, in one of the
most exquisite sections of all the noble
mountain country of which Western
North Carolina affords. It is certain
that this park or preserv'e has had
much to do with the now great move
m4nt fQr the national part to.be known
as the Appalachian Forest Reserve.
This originated in Vanderbilt's two
great developing ideas,- shown first in
his Biltmore estate and next in his
Pisgah Forest. The latter is a true
forest,- Mr. Vantierbilt having been so
fortunate as to discover a place where
nature had been almost unmolested ex
cept by occasional fires, and then to
secure this and gently aid her in work
ing her own sweet will. Everybody
knows about Biltmore, and its chateau,
the finest private residence in all Amer
ica, but few know anything about Pis
gah Forest, and so this will be a story
about the latter, the writer having
spent a fortnight there in the most de
lightful manner In the world.
Pisgah Forest is about 45 miles long
and embraces something over 100,000
acres. It takes Its name from its domi
nating peak Mount Pisgah, the most
perfect mountain amid the hundred
of mountains in Western North Caro
lina, being a true cone, a landmark
amid all the peaks in the vast, irregu
lar and lofty plateau betweeen the
Blue Rridge and the great Smoky
Mountains. There are various'.way of
getting into Pisgah Forest; one by
Asheville and Biltmore and by a very
fine road constructed by Mr. Vander
bilt to Pisgah Lodge; the other by way
of Hendersonville: and Davidson's riv
er, up a rather steep and rough road,
but one full of charms and surprises,
along the French Broad. - Davidson's1
river and Avery's creek. To the na- 1
tives Pisgah Forest is know as Mr.J
Vanderbilt's place, and its boundary is;]
marked by a three-strand barbed-wirei
fence. The best way to see Pisgah
Forest is on foot or horseback, prefer
ably the former, as in this way the full I
beauty of the place can best be seen.
Go where one will there is ever thea
sound of falling'water, the rush or the
fall of the ~unfain streams, which
most of the tiWie is invisible, high ove
head or in a gorge, perhaps a thousand
feet below. Going ~by the Davidson
river way, wh'en the crest of the "gap"i
in the great mountain wall is reached, i
there is a glorious view to the south- I
ward, far into South Carolina, and to
the northward over the Vanderbilt do
main. The heart of this great forest.
has been known as the "Pink Beds"
ever since white settlers went into that
naeis in some dispute but very
probably comes from the color of the
rhododendron, which is so profuse as
to make the whole region look like a
conserv'atory during the months lof I
May and June. The mountaineers.cail
the place the "Pink Beds," and under
this name it appears in the geolqgical
maps. It is a sort of table landi be
tween high and nearly par'allel ridges,
threaded by streams as bright as a
looking glass, all running in beds of
solid stone, literally like flights of
steps, and which seem like quicksilver
as they flash or fall from under their
Pisgah Forest cost Mr. Vanderbilt
something like a guarter of a million
dollars. oi' about $2.50 per' acre. Most
of it he secured at once, and the other
portions were bought in large or small
tracts, so that now his rangers are the
only denizens of the wide area. There
are five of these, all picked mountamn
eers. gooid riders and dead shots, tO
whom the nmuntains are like an open
book. These men have many duties.
They must see that the boundar'y fence.
300 miles long, is all right; must keep
out poachers. look after the game,
whether in fur or feather, and also
after the trout, and further keep an
eye on timber stealers. Poachers
woul come from near and far to get
he trout, with which the streams are
mperbly stookod, killing them by o
dylding dynamito ill t1he llp PoolF,
xhere the big trout lurk. or ft kil
:he deer, the turkeys or the grouse.
xhich are known in the mountains as
,heasants. The trained ears of these
-angers hear the explosion of dyna
nite a great distance. and they track
.he offenders as a bloodhound would
::ack them. into other counties, and
ven into Tennessee.
Through this great Pisgah reserve,
which now is leased for use by one
)t the ncst exclusive hunting and fish
ng clubs in this country. there are 75
niles or wagon road and 275 miles of
rails, the latter leading alongside each
rout stream. These roads and trails
ire always kept cut out and ready
7or use. There are miles of what are
known as "shooting paths" 15 feet
ide, which tranch out right and left
rom certain of the roads, so that when
]eer are driven by the dogs they must
:-ross these paths. and by means of the
atter alone can they be seen In time to
ifford a shot. Deer can stand in the
rhododendron thickets in 10 feet of a
iunter. and yet i,e absolutely invisible,
;o dense and so pcrfect is this paradise
)f game in which there is so much of
ild animal life. The foot prints of
:he deer are constantly seen, and once
even superb specimens were notied in
i. group, drinking from Looking Olass
reek. High overhea,d a golden eagle
vas soaring and, later on the ranger
howed a mounted specimen of this
oble bird, which he had killed with
is revolver as he sat in a tree top 80
Mr. Vanderbilt began to acquire Pis
-ah Forest 12 years ago, and he
promptly began the work of restocking
the streams with trout, in the simplest
manner. that is, by protection, without
iny artificial protection. In some of
the streams rainbow trout have been
placed, but these are not nearly so
atisfactory as the native trout. The
umber of trout in this particular re
;ion was years ago incredibly greit.
n the old days, before there was any
protection, there were caught in two
lays by three fishermen 1,650 trout, and
most of this needles slaughter was ab
solute waste. Pisgah Forest has large
ly been chosen as the place for the
study of forestry, under the direction
of- the very talented Dr. Schenck, who
succeeded Gifford Pinchot, now the
head, forester of the United States. As
all the world knows, Mr. Vanderbilt
has at Biltmore, which adjoins and
with its 10.000 acres forms in a way
a part of Pisgah Forest, an arboretum
of over 300,00 trees and shrubs. Pis
gah Forest is the complement of .this
arboretum, and in these magnificent
woods Dr. Schenck. has a lodge, where
he spends much of the summer with
his class, making a .tree study under.
wonderfully favorable conditions. In.
these classes are youths .of. wealth and
high social position, who study forest
ry, a study sorely needed In this coun
try, where there is so much destruc
tion Nowhere east of the Pacific slope
are there nobler tree@-tulip trees or
poplars, Spanish and red ,oak, hem
locks, chestnuts, black. walnuts, cu
cumbers and pines of half . a. dozen
kinds, rise in stately symmetry, this
being one place where the lumberman
has never injured the primeval forest.
It is this great covering of woods
which gives. that tender blue to the
mountains, which is the reason for the
name of the Blue Ridge.
There is a trail to the very peak of
Pisgah, and on the- mountain crest are:
found lovely meadows, lush with ten
derest grass and studded with dwarf
trees, wind-blown and inde3cribably
picturesque. The trail along this crest
leads by Pnsgah lodge, the finest col
ection of log houses in this country,
built in imitation of Swiss chalets, only
the finest selected logs being useo, and
the furniture being all of native work.
mnd of mountain woods. Sportsmen.
will be charmed with this lodge, with
its stately dining hall, the walls of
which -are covered with dressed skins
)f the deer, fox, wild-cat, skunk, etc.,
mainly those of the wild-cat, all these
unimas having been shot or trapped in
Pisgah forest, while great eagles peer
own from the beam2s-'-upon the visi
tors. .The view of Biltmorte house from
Pisgah peak or frontjfrom this -ledge is
early like a vision of enchantment.
he house seems to bang in the middle
istance, like Aladdin's palace, snowy
white and vast, and quite near It is
Four counties corner on this peak.
outhward there spreads the unbroken
nass of Plsgah forest, to the eastward
s the rich valley of the famous French
Broad river, bounded by the cloud
;ochng wall of the Blue Ridge, while
:o the westward there is a wild and
-gged -view- of mountain - piled upon
nountain, ffnally bordered by the Great
smoky range, which towers, like the
,all of a world. Within the, sweep of
,ision one sees ,the culmination of the
reat Appalachian system with no less
:han 43 peaks. exceeding 6,000 feet in
ititude, there being the Smoky, .the
Balsam and the Black ranges, Mt.
iitchell in the Black dominating them
til with its .6711 feet- In its entirety the
:iew is thb very, noblest which the
astern part of America affords..
The conservation of game in the for
ist iill be promoted still further, as
reat care is to be taken In limiting~
:he "kills" wvhether of fish or fowl..
rhe grouse have -greatly increased,
ardly any hunting hat ing been done.
n the dozen years, and there are many
:urkeys. Squirrels are, of course,
tundant, both the gray and the small
er brown ones, the latter being univer
ally known in tlie North Carolina
nountains as the "boomer." There is
nother kind of game in this region,
which is not so~:much esteemed, this -
>eing the ,rattle-'snake, which shares
,vith the general public the appreciatioun
f the Pink Beds. The rattlers are of
he black variety, and while short are
musualy large, three inches in diam
iter sometimes. One of the rangers
ceeps a tally-stick with a cut for each
attler killed, and said that during one
teason he killed 26 himself, his three
~mployes saying they had killed as
A watchful eye is, therefore, neces
'ary when one is out of a road Or a
rail. The rattlers, as a rule, are "very
)eaceabe," as the mountaineers say,
o much so that 'When they think per
ons do not see tisem they lie quiet and
o not coil and rattle. That there is
ealy little- danger from these snakes
s shown by the fact that surprisingly
ew persons are bitten and of these but
ewdie, whiskey being instantly taken
is an antidote.
Mr. Vanderbilt has other holdings of
ands, not connected with Plsgah for
st or with Biltmore and its forest,
;ome of these holdings lying to the___
orthsWifd.~ T'her'. is an'Uwr g'mn
reserve int his State, this lying aIlong
Lnville riv4'r. wihich is ove'r in an
>ther mountuin plateau, the ownervs he.
ng perhaps i s'ore of gentlemien. soime
>f whom are New Yorkers, other's bi
ng residents of this State. The streamis
:hei'e have been restocked .with trout.
)ne way into this preserve~ is by Blow -
ng Rock and along the Yonahlossee
-urnpike, which is considered by good
udges to be one of the finest mountain
'oads in America and over which old
time stages ran. FrdAOds
Troops Landing in Coren.
Paris, Feb. 22.-In a dispatch from
Earbin the correspondent of the Mat in
says Gen. Velkoff, who is on guard
ilong the Mongolian line, has arrived/
there with Gen. Dasilevski, of the
Half of the Japanese fleet, the e
respondent says, is covering the iar
ing of troops in Corea and the ott
half is seeking the Vladivostock squa