Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
Newspaper Page Text
CHARGES OF CRUELTY
TO CHA IN GANG CONICTS
Lontinue 1Fromi P'age .I
died. ,Ie had stretched the negro
on a bank. ThoiaS said he was
sick and couldn't wkork and witness
hipped him mor, to) scare huni1
than;U anyini*i;llg el M \r. RZicharti
son 1im " ten 1r twelve lick'-.
i In't k.. x whether he was sick
,r n0ot. bt ,up)os1e he xas play
:ng oti. !! t' ld Thoma h' e was
'oing to hip him until hie proi
had ive h tm-igt .)r tenl 1ah.
t - -egr d,a Ol h 'd g back
t ,ork. i le Iot up and workel
for an hour and a half and then
said agin that ewas sick. Ie lay
dWW and then got up and fell
owl. r. Richardson M said he
couldn't see inything the matter
with him ard to Id him to go to
work. But sent him on back to the
camp and lie fell down. Thomas
lived about an hour an d a half after
he got to the camp. He lived about
ive hours after the whipping.
When Thomas fell some boys car
ried him on to the camp. Rich
ardson s-.id he sent for doctors but
they diCn't get there before he died.
"INITIATED ON ARRIVAL.
Ever since there had been a chain
gang. Richardson testified negroes
were "initiated." whipped. as soon
as they got to the gang. They were
not whipped when turned loose. As
to the number of lashes given when
the negroes were whipped for the
various offenses. Richardson said
he expected as many as fifty had
been given.** I whipped them un-;
til I convinced them." The lashes
were hardIly ever administered to
the bare skin. and the skin was nev
Sometimes the convicts had been
whipped after they were chained
in the tent for the night. Richard
son said it was done by himself
sometimes. and sometimes by
guards. He waited until night for
lifferent causes. sometimes because
they were working where ladies
were. or in town. or for other
On re-direct examination by Mr.
Hunter. Richardson te.stined that
lie had no idea Thomas was sick
and that the whipping conhdn't pos
siblv have killed him.
J. F. Riser. who was in charge
of the engine with the gang for
several months last summer. on (i
rect examination by 'Mr. Hunter.
testinied that he had seen several
negroes whipped for not wr-rking.
for stubbornness Pr 4of various
causes. I Ie had seet. no unmerc
fuil treatme:it and in his opinion it
was impossil.e to work the gang
properly without whipping.
On cross-examination by Mr.
D)ominick. M1r. Riser testified that
the usual number of lashes wvas
from zto tw.enty-hve and he never
saw one whippe~d on his bare skin.
It ustially to'ok a wveek to teach
loafing negroes that they wo~ uld he
whipped. The strap used was an!
inch or an inch and a half wide.
This wouldn't hut through rough
clothes unless the clothes were~
ti-ghtened and he had never seen
the clothes tightened. but he had
seen those whipping the negroes
p)ick out the places where the
clothes wvere already tight.
MAr. Riser testinedl that he had
seen the negroes "initiated" when
they reached the gang. It was all
done through fun t opa'-s time
among the negroes.- Ther was- a
n.gular indre and e0r. h u
ailowv t ul~e55 one of thlem
p)resenit. It waU no p i hment s
jated"' migh: hav be' hur a~ li
tie. It wvonidn't have hea "'nn un
less thee hi;..1 been' hurt a Iitle
at preseint cihy healhh oincer 'nd
who was a guardl for three amd a
half months last stunmer an ro ad.
'n direct examination by Mr. Hund
ter, testified that he was probably
more in~timatelyv connected wvi'h th e
whipping business than any or the
others. He had sent a negro' very
of ten to M\ r. Koon when h. grot
low andI Mr. Koon wvould give hinm
from ; to to licks and sein him
back. ~Sometimes when a negro'
got a little slow he would make a
nero whip him.
il:l NE.1;Ro WHO DIED.
.\r. hainmers saidl he had taken
Joln Th rma from jail to the gang.
ic La. t"01 at tile time by those
who k*-new Thonias that Thomas
W011l play off. Mr. Koon was
working Thomas. Thomas lay
dlowi and then several others lay
down. They gave Thomas a good
dose of calomel that night. Next
day Thomas wasn't able to work.
They sent for a doctor but doctor
didn't come and they sent Thomas
to Jail and left him there for about
two weeks. Thomas was taken
back and that afternoon he was
sick and they let him stop work for
an hour or two. They held a con
sultation that night and thought
he was playing off and next, morn
ing they took him out again.
Thomas saidi he was sick. Mr.
Chalmers felt his pulse. It was a
little weak but not fast enough for
Thomas to have any fever and
Thonmas was put back to work. He
stopped again and Mr. Chalmers
again felt his pulse and insisted on
Richardson whipping him and put-,
ting him back to work. ie went
back to work. Later Thomas
dropped over. Mr. Chalmers felt
Thomas' pulse and didn't think he
had any fever. Ie thought that a
man wlho was sick en6ugh to stop
work ought to have a little fever.
though Thomas' pulse was a little
weak. He told Thomas to eat din
ner. Thomas refused to eat. When
Thomas died and Dr. Senn was
called in Mr. Chalmers said he told
the doctor to examine the negro
well because there might be a lit
tIe hereafter. Dr. Senn said there
was not a mark on the dead negro.
T1lE '\M T 5EVERE \i I I PPI NG.
MIr. Chalmers said l-e h%.A whip
ped onily two ne"roes hillisk-F and
had giver one of these probably
the n.ost severe whipping admin
isered to anv. It was -iven to a
negro who had run away. He had
given him about fifteen licks Dr.
Senn had examined him and had
foundl three cuts on his hips. This
negro wvas diseased.
TI'IOM1.\\ w.\5 rA-E\CIEP
( )n cross-exanmation by i\lr.
Do)uminick \lr. Chalimers said that
lhn Thomas. the negro who dlied.
applearedi a little "bleached"' but that
was natural for a man who had
heen in an iron cell dluring the hot
pll. I le didn't have a healthy
It was during the hot weather
andl they put him to ditching.
"Not withstanding his unhealthy:
appearance andl his wveak pulse. you
~et him working thinking he was
piaing off? asked Mfr. D)ominick.
.\. "Yes." 0. "It turnedl out at
terwardls that he was Ack al! the
way through? A. "'Yes. if he
wasn't he fooled himself on a migh
tv serious thing. because he died.
w.\WON wUl t'5ED.
Ir <'hahnrs said he hald seen a
four-horse wag' n whip usedI whh
.v:m le ather o n the end. tho'ugh
-e negr..e were harly ever taen
\th ~ the end' . That wa hi heP.
bi. ! h;ad never beardl ofN
whppn 111111aI r. Schr' der spoke of.
'hug 1.1 lr. Koen mnade a conn
dante of him.
.l. Chahers saidl he thouight if
mting that the gentlemen in
harge of the chain gang were too
easy on the convicts.
J. Ii. U,ROwN.
. H. Browvn. who has been with
the gang since September last. said
that there had been some whipping.
but none of an excessive nature to
his knowledge. He had whipped
some, giving them from 5 to 15
ahe. The negrnes were whmnped
you can get 2
1F tC 9I IM E
w\ill tLr:t' 1. I>nl li bliw '.cf Ine
whippot! ,thi bare skin.
at presetk he Newherr p4lice
ft-Ct. Lestine' that h1e W\as with the
a :!1ur years. up until Dc
cem1ber. to2. There was n) cruel
punish-mei. Tile negroes were
whi\ppe! when they wouldn't work.
Supervisor Schumpert's instruc
tions were t, whip no more than
On cross-examination by \I r.
Dominick. Mr. Koon said that the'
greatest number of lashes he knew
of having been given was 75. hard
lv ever on th naked skin.
C.\RRII> A \.\.;)N wH HIP.
.Mlr. Ko4n said while he was with
the gang he carried a wagon whip
-to touch 'em np like" when they
wouldn't work. \\hen his brother.
Mr. Ben. .l. Koon. got a position
with the g his brother had c,me
. Are delicious and
cold weather breakfast
Made in the morn
ting" over night; nev
To rmake a perfeca
a thousand other d
"Royal Baker and PR
free to any address.
RtOYAL BAKING POW4
Do You Want an lac
If so sem: us 2 co and we will sei
of Plans anid Dingramns hr- which au:
mer car. ma'ke the.m both. It will<
cubator an :- :St make the Brot
tho-:aunds a.ri ha e :uerer ad a wor
One :na:u :. .' r atched out
plans ant: r::a ~ 5chicke::s from t
Any t :e can :n:ake~ thein. A lad
Remember, Your Money Back if
To every one who orders within te
of our fine Barred Plymouth Rock E
Send money by registered Mot
mail -dro not send~ stamps. riVU
A N D.
I. selection ar
g ht -
!n himfr info~rmaati on. l Ie tohl.
im t hat .\Ilr. >chump'~t ) elidn't like
the negrie. 'ver i; la-hes. because
there we.cre a lot of sorre white men
wh . n! rep irt it to the super
Ex-Sheriff WV. WV. Riser said the
gang had worked near his home
and that everything was' about as
nice as he ever saw. Messrs. Mi
1er and 8. E. Koon were guards at
SU'PERVISOR 5(1H U.\llERT,
recalled, testified that his instruc
tions were to give the convicts two
or three lashes if necessary to make
them work. He went o tohe gang
at least once a week and( sometimes
Iitener. HIe had e:en provided to
bacco for the use of the convicts.
Txhe reference was then adjourn
cl until a da next week.
wholesome - a perfect
ing; no yeast, no "set
er sour, never cause in
thbuckwheat cake, and
ainty dishes, see the
tstry Cook." Mailed
DER CO.. NEW YORK.
ubator and Brooder,
Nid you by registered mail our Book
:oe whocan use a saw and ham
ot you just 30 Cts. to make the In
der. W\e have sold these plans to
d of complain!t.
:.m: chickens this season. Last
ised 2.2t2 of them.
h'- foar miluets. HeI bought our
v made six and raised over 500
You Are Not Entirely Satisfied,
n days we will give $r .oo's u.orth
ggs and Book of Plans all for $I.OO.
is, Gruldy Co.,
ohumbia, S. C.
id the prices
Letter to Stewart Bros.
Deir Sirs: You w; a:
Job of,paint for a cheap ho,Sv. rln~t
It's Devoe. It's the r-lar thing
in Devoe's: there's nothingz. in all
paint. so cheap as Devoe.
Oh. yes.. you can paint with
mud; but that isn't paint: you want
it to look about righit for a month
Paint Devoe; can't do it for less:
there's nothing so cheap; say noth
ing of wear. there's nothing so
cheap as Devoe.
It goes so far: save gallons; no
matter about the price, save gallons.
A gallon of paint, put-on. costs S4
or 5: save gallons.
Devoe is your paint: save gal
Ions: Devoe is your paint.
F. W. Devoe & Co.
P. S.-The Newberrv Hardware
Co. sell our paint.
Should Plant i
~;We have the bet
*variety of these.
iBuist's New Crop Seed!